План индийских космических пусков

Автор Salo, 03.05.2009 11:09:34

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Salo

http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=1173.345
ЦитатаRe: Indian launch schedule
« Reply #357 on: 04/21/2009 05:48 AM »   

Mr. Nair said it would be "a season of fireworks" this year at Sriharikota with a series of "major missions" lined up by the ISRO.

By June end, a PSLV will put in orbit ISRO's Oceansat-2.

Another PSLV will deploy in orbit Resourcesat-2.

A Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, with an indigenous cryogenic stage, would also lift off from Sriharikota.

The indigenous Radar Imaging Satellite RISAT-1 too may go up by this year-end.


THIS CUT-OUT FROM "THE HINDU NEWSPAPER" ARTICLE PUTS OUT ISRO'S PLANS FOR 2009 VERY CLEARLY.


PSLV C12             RISAT-2+ANUSAT             APRIL 20

PSLV C14             OCEANSAT-2+                MAY END/JUNE

PSLV C?              RESOURCESAT-2+sats from ISIS+ NLS-6(utias)     AUGUST? *[1]

GSLV D3              GSAT-4+TAUVEX              SEPTEMBER?


PSLV C?              RISAT-1+(OTHERS ?)         DECEMBER
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

Состоявшиеся пуски:

2009
№ - Дата - КА - РКН/РБ  - Время
1 - 20 апреля - RISAT 2, AnuSat - PSLV-C12 (CA) - 05:15 ЛМВ  


Планирующиеся пуски

2009
Дата - КА - РКН/РБ  - Время
конец июня - OCEANSAT-2, UWE 2, SwissCube 1, BeeSat, ITU-pSat - PSLV C14 -ПО
август (ПО) - RESOURCESAT-2, sats from ISIS, NLS-6(utias) - PSLV-C15  - ПО
сентябрь (ПО) - GSAT-4, TAUVEX - GSLV-D3 (Mk.2) - ПО
конец года - RISAT-1 - PSLV-C13 (XL)  - ПО
конец года - InSat-3D - GSLV-F06 (Mk.1)  - ПО
конец года - SRE-2 - PSLV-C16  - ПО

2010
середина года - ASTROSAT - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - MEGHA-TROPIQUES - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-2 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-5(INSAT-4D) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-6(INSAT-4E) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-8(INSAT-4G) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
конец года - SARAL (ALTIKA-ARGOS) - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО

2011
ПО - TES-HYP - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GEO-HR - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-4 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ACTS-1(F) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-7(INSAT-4F) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-9 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-10 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ASTROSAT-2 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
конец года (или начало 2012) - Chandrayaan-2 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО

2012
ПО - RESOURCESAT-3 - PSLV (ПО) - ПО
ПО - CARTOSAT-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - DMSAR-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ADITYA - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - I-STAG - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ITM-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - SENSE-P, SENSE-E - PSLV (ПО) - Sriharikota - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-5 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-6 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-11 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-12 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-13 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО

2013
ПО - OCEANSAT-3 - PSLV (ПО) - Sriharikota - ПО
ПО - RISAT-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ACTS-2 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-7 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-14 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-15 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.hindu.com/2008/03/21/stories/2008032154351200.htm
ЦитатаMarсh 21, 2008
PSLV flights

Chaired by the Prime Minister, the Cabinet also approved the funding of 15 polar satellite launch vehicle operational flights (C14 to C 28 ) to be realised from 2009 to 2012 at an estimated cost of Rs. 1,518 crore. The flights would help in launching the series of remote sensing, navigation and space science satellites planned for the 11th Plan period and beyond.

The Indian Space Research Organisation has so far completed three developmental and nine operational flights and the last 11 flights have been consecutively successful. In the last mission, PSLV C10 successfully launched a commercial satellite for an international customer on January 21. This was the second commercial launch using PSLV. With this, PSLV has emerged as a versatile launch vehicle to carry out polar sun-synchronous orbit, geo-synchronous transfer orbit and low inclination low earth orbit missions. Meanwhile, the satellite missions for PSLV C9 to C13 have been committed. They are expected to be launched by 2008-09 end.
Risat-2 был запущен PSLV-C12.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/south-asia/isro-to-develop-sun-mission-aditya-says-nair_100117146.html
ЦитатаISRO to develop Sun mission "Aditya", says Nair
November 10th, 2008 - 2:24 pm ICT by ANI  

Bangalore, Nov 10 (ANI): After the success of Chandrayaan -1, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has conceptually developed a Sun mission called "Aditya".
Talking to ANI here, ISRO Chairman G. Madhavan Nair, said the success of Chandrayaan -1 has boosted the confidence of ISRO scientists to look beyond the moon.
"Aditya has been approved and its operations would begin soon. Sun mission is very critical and one of its kind in the global space research," Nair added.
He further revealed that ISRO is also developing a fast track satellite to augment rural development and the Indian space sphere. The operations will continue for the next one-and-half years.
Launched on October 22, by PSLV-C11, the Chandrayaan-1 put India in an elite lunar club comprising Russia, US, Japan, China and European Space Agency.
The Chandrayaan-1 mission intends to put an unmanned spacecraft into an orbit around the moon and to perform remote sensing of the nearest celestial neighbour for about two years with eleven payloads. (ANI)
http://syedakbarindia.blogspot.com/2008/11/india-to-send-sun-mission-aditya-in.html
ЦитатаTuesday, November 11, 2008
India to send Sun Mission Aditya in 2012

November 11, 2008
By Syed Akbar
Hyderabad, Nov 10: India will send its space mission to the Sun in 2012 to find out answers for how and why solar flares and solar winds disturb the communication network and play havoc with electronics back home on the Earth.
The Sun's corona as also its flares and winds create geomagnetic field disturbances on the Earth and often damage man-made satellites and spacecraft hovering up in the sky under intense sunlight.
After the successful launch of its moon mission, Chandrayaan-1, the Indian Space Research Organisation is now gearing up for the Mission Aditya, aimed at unravelling the secrets of the Sun, the father of our solar system. ISRO chairman G Madhavan Nair on Monday announced in Bengaluru that ISRO was ready with its new space programme to explore the corona of the Sun in 2012.
Mission Aditya has been on the cards for quite some time now and it got a boost after the successful launch of Chandrayaan-1 lunarcraft into its designated orbit around the Moon.
The success of the Aditya Mission will not only solve some of the mysteries surrounding the Sun but also provide vital clues for ISRO on how to protect its satellites and spaceware from being damaged by hot winds and flares ejected out of the corona, the outermost layer of the solar atmosphere. The temperature in corona ranges between 8 lakh to 30 lakh Celsius. Material is ejected from the corona into space containing several billion tons of matter with speed ranging to several million miles per hour. Such material interacts with spacecraft and other man-made material in its path inducing electrical currents. They also damage power systems, disrupt communications and degrade high-tech navigation systems.
ISRO's Aditya Mission is a solar coronagraph or equipment that measures or studies the corona of the sun. Madhavan Nair said Aditya will study corona in visible and near infra red bands to "study the coronal mass ejection and consequently crucial physical parameters for space weather such as the coronal magnetic field structures,
velocity fields and their variability in the inner corona".
Unlike the Chandrayaan-1, which has entered the realms of the lunar world for observation as close as 100 km, Aditya will study the Sun riding piggyback on the Earth. It will weigh about 100 kgs and will have a near-earth orbit of 600 km.
ISRO has planned Aditya launch in 2012 in coordination with the solar maximum when the sunspots will be at the maximum. The last solar maximum occurs once in 11 years. Aditya Mission will cost about Rs 50 crore as against Chandrayaan-1's about Rs 400 crore. Like Chandrayaan-1 it will have a life span of two years and ISRO team hopes
to generate enough data during this period.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/sci-tech/indias-spy-satellite-goes-into-orbit-second-lead_100182039.html
ЦитатаApril 20th, 2009 - 3:35 pm
According to Nair, RISAT-2 has been positioned at a 41 degree inclination to enable it revisit a spot at frequent intervals.

Queried about the need for ISRO developing another such satellite, Ranganath R. Navalgund, director of the Space Applications Centre, said: "With two satellites the frequency of visits increases."

According to him, satellites orbiting in some frequencies cannot look at the earth very closely.

Not disclosing the price paid to the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), with which RISAT-2 has been developed, Nair said: "Normally a remote sensing satellite weighing one tonne would cost around Rs.80 crore (Rs.800 million). This spacecraft is much smaller."

India now joins a select group of countries in the world like Canada, Israel, Japan and a few others in having such a precision satellite.

Nair also said 2009 was going to be a big year for ISRO. "We will be launching Resourcesat, Oceansat and others. An indigenously developed cryogenic engine will be inducted this year."

India is a world leader in the remote sensing data market and with the launch of RISAT-2, ISRO will have nine remote sensing satellites in orbit. The others are IRS 1D, Resourcesat 1, TES, Cartosat 1, 2 and 2A, IMS 1 and Oceansat 1.

The other remote sensing satellites slated for launch are Oceansat-2, Radar Imaging Satellite, Resourcesat-2.

"Oceansat-2 is expected to be launched this June or July using PSLV. Piggy-backing will be a Swiss-owned micro satellite. Following that will be the launch of GSAT with Geo Synchronous Launch Vehicle (GSLV) that will be fitted with indigenous cryogenic engine," S. Sathish, director (publications and public relations) at ISRO, told IANS.

He said the year-end will see the launch of remote sensing satellite Resourcesat and communications satellite INSAT 3D.

The micro education satellite Anusat, built by Anna University and having a life span of one year, will carry out drought and wasteland monitoring, urban planning and other studies.

"Anusat is expected to prod other Indian universities to built satellites and focus on space technologies," Satish added.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/008200904221231.htm
ЦитатаASTROSAT to be launched in mid-2010

Mumbai (PTI): India's Astronomy satellite, ASTROSAT, which would facilitates study of a range of astrophysical objects, is likely to be launched in mid-2010, scientists from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) said here.

The scientists have completed the developmental phase of complex science payloads and have just begun integrating them before delivery for the 1650 kg satellite.

"The big challenge was that of design of a satellite attitude control system that will enable accurate control of the pointing of the instruments towards a specific direction in the sky," scientists from TIFR told PTI.

ASTROSAT project is a collaborative effort of a number of reserch institutions, including the Mumbai-based TIFR.

The challenges in the design of payloads and Attitude Control System have been overcome and in a recent review committee meeting, it was decided that the delivery of the payload to ISRO satellite Centre will begin from the middle of this year and continue till early next year to enable the launch ASTROSAT in 2010 using ISRO workhorse PSLV.

The Astrosat will be in an equatorial orbit with inclination of about 8 degrees or less. Two star trackers and gyros will be used for the pointing control of the satellite.

Orbiting at 600 km above the earth's surface, the ASTROSAT satellite costing about Rs 200 crore, will have a lifespan of at least five years.

This would facilitate study of astrophysical objects ranging from nearby solar system objects to distant stars and objects at cosmological distances, scientists actively working on the instrumentation said.

Out of the five science payloads for this multi-wavelength satellite observatory, three X-ray instruments are developed by TIFR.

The Ultra-Violet Imaging Instrument has been developed jointly by Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore and Inter-university centre for astronomy and astrophysics, Pune with the involvement of TIFR.

The photon counting detectors of this instrument have been developed jointly by the Indian team and the Canadian Space Agency as a science collaboration. The fifth instrument namely X-ray Sky Monitor is being made by ISRO Satellite Centre and is in advanced stages of fabrication and assembly.

Astrosat will carry five instruments to observe exotic objects such as black holes, neutron stars, and active galaxies at a number of different wavelengths simultaneously, from the visible and ultraviolet band to energetic x-rays.

The scientist said that, with the confidence developed by the scientific community in the making of payloads for the large mission ASTROSAT, discussions are taking place for the development and launch of smaller size satellites for astronomy and other areas of science in the near future.

Its other objectives included broadband spectroscopic studies of galaxy clusters and stellar coronae, studies of periodic and non-periodic variability of x-ray sources, monitoring intensity of known sources and detecting outbursts and luminosity variations, the scientists said.

Once begins orbiting in the sky, it is capable of gathering 420 gigabits of data every day that can be down loaded in 10 to 11 orbits visible at Tracking and Data receiving center of ISRO in Bangalore.

Other institutes involved in the project are Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, India Space Research Organisation, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, Inter-University Center for Astrophysics, Pune, Bhabha Atomic Reserch Centre, Mumbai, S.N Bose National Centre for Basic Science, Kolkata, Canadian Space Agency.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://tauvex.iiap.res.in/
ЦитатаTAUVEX is an Indo-Israeli Ultraviolet Imaging Experiment that will image large parts of the sky in the wavelength region between 1400 and 3200
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/10/10/317186/india-france-sign-new-space-deal.html
ЦитатаIndia, France sign new space deal
By Radhakrishna Rao
France and India have agreed to carry out a pair of joint satellite missions to study atmospheric and oceanic dynamics, for launch in 2009 and 2010.

The Megha-Tropiques mission, designed to study the life cycle of convective systems and their role in associated energy and moisture budgets of the tropical atmosphere, is planned for launch in 2009-10. The Saral project to study marine meteorology and sea state forecasting is planned for launch during late 2009.

The missions fall under a series of three space-related agreements between the countries, calling for government, academic and industry-level co-operation on peaceful applications of space technology and joint research and development on topics including instrumentation for satellites and development of small satellites.

Another agreement between the Indian Space Research Organisation and EADS Astrium paves the way for a joint satellite launch services operation built around India's PSLV launch vehicle. ISRO chairman G Madhavan Nair describes the alliance as "a new milestone" in French-Indian relations.

Separately, ISRO's Thiruvananthapuram-based Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology and the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris have agreed to enhance academics and research links.
http://meghatropiques.ipsl.polytechnique.fr/
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.hindu.com/2008/04/28/stories/2008042851471000.htm
ЦитатаMore of ISRO's eyes in the sky

N. Gopal Raj

The constellation of Indian remote-sensing satellites is set to grow further. ISRO plans to carry out over 30 remote sensing satellite missions by 2025, Dr. Jayaraman told The Hindu.

The Oceansat-2 satellite, which too may be launched this year, is intended to replace the Oceansat-1 satellite that was launched in 1999. Apart from an ocean colour monitor, Oceansat-2 will be equipped with an instrument that uses a narrow radar beam to ascertain wind direction and velocity. The satellite will also carry an Italian instrument to use signals from GPS satellites for deriving temperature and humidity profiles of the atmosphere.

Over the next four to five years, ISRO could launch a dozen or so earth-observation satellites, going by the mission profile given in the Department of Space's annual report for 2007-2008.

Next year could see the launch of the country's first active radar satellite, the Radar Imaging Satellite-1 (RISAT-1). Optical cameras on the IRS satellites rely on picking up sunlight reflected from the earth's surface. So they cannot work at night or when clouds block their view of the ground below. A radar satellite, on the other hand, can take images by night as well as by day and can see through clouds, fog and haze. The radar images from the satellite could also provide information on soil moisture.

Megha-Tropiques, a joint Indo-French effort at building a satellite dedicated to atmospheric and climate research in the tropics, could be ready by the end of 2009. A Statement of Intent to build such a satellite was signed by the space agencies of the two countries nine years ago. The instruments on the satellite are intended to help scientists understand better the water cycle in the tropics as well as how rain-bearing cloud systems (including cyclones) form and evolve. Another advanced meteorological satellite, the Insat-3D, could also fly during the 2009-2010 financial year.

Remote-sensing satellites usually circle the Earth at a height of a few hundred kilometres. ISRO plans to put a Cartosat-type camera on a satellite that will be placed in geostationary orbit at a distance of about 36,000 km. In this orbit, the satellite matches the Earth's rotation and therefore appears stationary from the ground. Stationed over India, the 'Geo-HR Imager' (as the satellite has been named) would be able to take images of the country and neighbouring regions whenever needed. By contrast, an orbiting satellite would be able to image the ground only when it flies overhead, which could be after a few days or even weeks depending on its orbit. Geo-HR Imager could therefore significantly aid disaster management efforts. Its imagery would also provide inputs for natural resources management. ISRO has currently scheduled the satellite for launch during 2010-2011.

In 2011-12, Cartosat-3 could go into the orbit. The panchromatic camera on this satellite is expected to provide images with a resolution of 30 cm. Currently, the American WorldView-1 satellite launched in September last year offers the highest resolution imageries that are commercially available and the resolution of those images is 50 cm. WorldView-2, which will be launched next year, will provide images with a resolution of 46 cm.

Apart from meeting Indian application and user demands, ISRO's earth observation programme would also complement global efforts to use satellites for monitoring and studying the planet, said Dr. Jayaraman. There is considerable international interest in including several Indian missions as part of the planned global constellation of earth observation satellites, he added.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.hindu.com/2009/05/02/stories/2009050256751800.htm
ЦитатаMay 02, 2009
ISRO to send bacteria cells into space

Divya Gandhi

Biological experiments will be a prelude to manned mission
E.coli cell will be grown in bioreactor
It is to be explored why microgravity alters growth of cells

- FILE PHOTO: PTI

Coast Guard men recover the Indian Space Research Organisation's 550-kg recoverable space capsule SRE-1 that splashed down in the Bay of Bengal near Chennai in January 2007 after 12 days in space.

Bangalore: In its first set of biological experiments, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will send bacteria cells into space -- and bring them back -- in the second Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-2) scheduled for launch this year-end.

Two life science experiments, using E.coli and photosynthetic bacteria, will help us understand cell division, genomics (genetic changes) and proteomics (changes in proteins) in microgravity conditions, said Kamanio Chattopadhyay, national coordinator of the Indian Microgravity Programme, who is coordinating scientific experiments for the mission.

In the first experiment, an E.coli cell would be grown in a bio-reactor and brought back to the earth to carry out genomic studies.

"When the experiment is recovered, we will explore why microgravity alters the growth of cells." The experiment could be seen as a prelude to ISRO's manned space mission slated for 2015, he said.

"We know that astronauts experience physiological changes when they go into space, the most common being bone loss. NASA [National Aeronautics and Space Administration] has done experiments to prove that microgravity impacts genes. We need to understand this phenomenon better."

The payload would be developed in collaboration with the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad and the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram.

In the other experiment, photosynthetic bacteria would be cultured to study the effect of microgravity on photosynthesis. Much like plants, cynobacteria carry out photosynthesis. This experiment would be developed jointly by CCMB, ISRO and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

The effect of space radiation and microgravity on seeds -- of rice and medicinal plants -- would be the subject of a third experiment developed by the Pune and Kerala universities. Using a dosimeter, the experiment would measure levels of radiation exposure on the seeds.

The satellite would also have a materials science experiment onboard to study the role of gravity on melting and sintering of metal powder. Developed by the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur, this payload would use a model copper-tin alloy as the subject.

The experiments would remain in orbit for 10 days, said Dr. Chattopadhyay. "While SRE-1 [launched in 2007] proved we had mastered technology for safe vehicle re-entry, SRE-2 will focus on life science experiments in microgravity." SRE-1 was launched on January 10, 2007 and it successfully re-entered the earth's atmosphere 12 days later.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.hindu.com/2008/06/25/stories/2008062555991500.htm
ЦитатаISRO satellite to study climate change

Divya Gandhi

A unique initiative with science institutes

Bangalore: Few issues have taken the global centre stage as did climate change recently, and images of melting polar ice caps and rising sea levels are now all too ubiquitous to ignore.

But how much do we really know about global warming? What is the quantity of greenhouse gases -- carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane -- in our atmosphere? How are they distributed around the world?

Some answers might be brought back by I-STAG, a satellite to be launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 2012, in a unique collaborative initiative with science institutes, including the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) here.

Low Earth orbit

"I-STAG, (Indian Satellite for Aerosol and Gases) is a small satellite, weighing no more than 150 kg and will most likely go as a co-passenger with one of the major launches scheduled for 2012," R. Sridharan, Programme director, Space Science Office, ISRO, told The Hindu. It will be placed in a low Earth orbit at 600 km.

Focus on tropics

In its two-year life span, I-STAG will collect data on the quantity and distribution of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, aerosols (suspended particulate matter), ozone, water vapour and the oxides of nitrogen and sulphur so that an estimate can be made on their impact on climate.

"The satellite will have a special focus on the tropics and will monitor the spatial and temporal variation in the amount of these gases to assess their long-term effect on the climate and ecosystem," said Prof. Sridharan.

The experiments would also attempt to estimate the impact of biomass burning and forest fires on climate.

I-STAG will be developed jointly by the IISc, the Space Physics Laboratory in Thiruvananthapuram, the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad, and the National Atmospheric Research Laboratory in Tirupati.

"ISRO will put in the seed money of about Rs. 10 crore, and scientists will, through simulations, demonstrate the concepts and also work out the methods for analysing the data," Prof. Sridharan said. The three experiments on I-STAG would measure and trace the distribution of greenhouse gases through an infrared spectrometer, and a multiwave radiometer would monitor the distribution and polarisation properties of aerosols.

Small satellites

I-STAG is part of the space organisation's "small satellites programme" for scientific experiments, said ISRO Chairman G. Madhavan Nair. "The first of the series of small satellite was the Indian Mini Satellite (IMS-1), which flew with CARTOSAT-2A. We are scheduled to launch three more small satellites in the next four years, including I-STAG. These are SENSE, to study the near-space environment; Aditya, to study the solar corona; and YOUTHSAT to measure solar radiation," he said.

Prof. Sridharan said the science institutes were now preparing the project report for I-STAG in consultation with the satellite group at the ISRO Satellite Centre.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://dilipkumar.in/latest.php?subaction=showfull&id=1238929765&archive=&start_from=&ucat=19,33&
ЦитатаSARAL - ISRO/CNES

An Isro (Indian Space Research Organization) satellite, Saral (Satellite with ARgos and ALtika or Meaning Simple in Hindi), will embark the AltiKa altimeter (working in Ka-band, 35 GHz), built by Cnes, as well as a Doris instrument. Signal frequencies in the Ka-band will enable better observation of ice, rain, coastal zones, land masses (forests, etc.), and wave heights.The ARgos element helps measure temperature and salinity of oceans while ALtika is a system to measure the height of the ocean, waves and tides.
 
What is Altika?

Altika is ahigh accurate oceanography altimeter (an instrument that measures the height above ground; used in navigation) . Satellite radar altimetry is a technique used in oceanography to measure sea level on a large scale. The data obtained is vital to understanding ocean circulation and its variations.

The AltiKa project, which was developed by CNES, is based on a wideband Ka-band altimeter (35.75 GHz, 500 MHz), which will be the first oceanography altimeter to operate at such a high frequency. This unique technical characteristic of the instrument will offer higher performance both in terms of spatial and vertical resolution. The instrument's more accurate measurements will lead to improved observation of ice, coastal areas, inland waters and wave height .

Together with instruments from the Argos 3 mission, the AltiKa payload will be carried on the Saral satellite, developed jointly byIndian Space Agency (ISRO) and CERN , which is providing the platform and overseeing satellite operations, including launch, orbit acquisition and station keeping. CNES is supplying the AltiKa payload and will be responsible for receiving and processing data using the SALP altimetry and precise location service.

The agreement signed by CNES and ISRO in February 2007 will reinforce the working relationship of the two Agencies. The Saral satellite, to be placed on Envisat's orbit, is scheduled for launch end of 2010.

"With Saral we will be able to realise precise, repetitive global measurements of sea surface height, significant wave heights and wind speed for developing operational oceanography. Saral will also give us a better understanding of climate and help us develop forecasting capabilities. This will greatly contribute to the building of a global ocean observing system. The launch of this mission is planned for 2011, with a life of 3 years (2 years for the nominal phase, and one year for the extended phase). This mission is a 50-50 cooperation between CNES and ISRO," Mr. d'Escatha ( Head of CERN). "Saral will replace an ageing Franco-U.S. satellite which will be phased out shortly. When sailors are in distress at sea they use the ARgos system to help locate them. With this, India will become a full member of the ARgos community."

Posted on 05 Apr 2009, by dilip
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://dilipkumar.in/india/articles.php?subaction=showfull&id=1238141878&archive=&start_from=&ucat=33&
ЦитатаThe Future Plans
In the area of Launch Vehicle Development, the major target for 11th plan is to complete the development of GSLV Mk-III capable of launching 4T class INSAT satellite and operationalise the vehicle. PSLV and GSLV will continue to be workhorse vehicles for launching IRS and INSAT (2T class) satellites and their capabilities will be further improved. Technology development and demonstration missions on Reusable Launch Vehicle including space recovery technologies and air breathing propulsion are also planned.
Keepin view the growing requirements,  it was considered necessary to initiate the development of Manned Missions during 11th plan period by development of critical technologies. The major objective of the Manned Mission programme is to develop a fully autonomous manned space vehicle to carry two crew to 400 km LEO and safe return to earth.
Major target for 11th plan, therefore, is to complete these ongoing missions and plan for followon missions Chandrayaan-2 and Astrosat-2 for continued investigations. Besides this, a number of small satellite missions for studies in Solar Physics (Space borne Coronagraph "Aditya")

ISRO plans to launch its next lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2, by the end of 2010 or early 2011. It will carry a Russian-made rover to collect samples from the Moon's surface for detailed analysis.
Earth's Near Space Environment (Twin satellite missions SENSE-P and SENSE-E), investigations in inner magnetosphere (ITM) and studies in atmospheric aerosol and trace gases (I-STAG mission) have also been planned.

Indian space scientists have also begun preparing a project report for a human mission to the Moon. "Before 2015 we will have the first manned mission from the Indian soil," said Madhav Nair (ISRO's Chief)

So it is the Time When The Younger Generation Can Dream Of Landing On Moon
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://indiabudget.nic.in/ub2009-10(I)/eb/sbe89.pdf
Цитата2. Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Project: The GSLV Project envisaged the development of a launch vehicle capable of launching 2 tonne INSAT-class satellites into Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The third test flight will carry the indigenous cryogenic engine & stage.

3. GSLV Mk-III Development: GSLV Mk-III is intended to develop a cost-effective launch vehicle capable of launching 4 tonne class of communication satellites in Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The Project envisages the development of a number of technologies which include, among other, 200 tonne solid stage booster (S-200), 25 tonne cryogenic engines (C-25), and L-110 tonne liquid stage engines as core boosters. The first developmental flight of GSLV MK III is expected by 2010-2011.

4. Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) Project: The objective of the Project is to develop and qualify an indigenous restartable cryogenic stage employing liquid oxygen as oxidizer and liquid hydrogen as fuel for the upper stage of GSLV. The first flight of the indigenous cryo stage is targeted for flight testing by GSLV during 2009-2010.

5. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-Continuation (PSLVC) Project: The PSLV is capable of placing 1400-1600 kg class IRS satellites in Polar Sun- Synchronous Orbit, 1000 kg class satellites into Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit and upto 2800 kg class satellites into Low Earth Orbit. The PSLV-C-11 in its fourteenth flight successfully launched Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft carrying 11 scientific payloads on October 22, 2008.

9. GSLV-Operational Project: The GSLV-Operational Project has been conceived to meet the launch requirement of 2 tonne class of operational INSAT satellites. The GSLV-F06 carrying INSAT-3D will be launched during 2009-2010.

10. Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE): The main objective of the Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE) is to develop and demonstrate capability to recover on orbiting capsule back on earth. SRE-I has successfully launched on-board PSLV on January 10, 2007 and was also successfully recovered from Bay of Bengal on January 22, 2007.
The SRE-II will be launched by PSLV-C16 during the third quarter of 2009-2010.

11. Manned Mission Initiatives/Human Space Flight Programme: The main objective of the Indian Manned Mission Space program is to develop a fully autonomous manned space vehicle to carry two crew to 400 km LEO and safe return to earth. Detailed studies have been initiated on the technologies required for realizing the flight safety and reliability, propulsion systems, advanced materials etc. The project proposal has been submitted for approval of the Government.

13. Semi Cryogenic Engine/Stage Development: The objective of the project is to develop and qualify a high thrust Semi Cryogenic engine and stage (employing kerosene of required grade/spar as fuel and Liquid Oxygen as oxidizer) for the future advanced launch vehicle.

14. Oceansat-2 & 3: The main objective of Oceansat-2 is to provide continuity of data & services hitherto provided by Oceansat-1 on Oceanography and coastal studies. The launch of Oceansat-2 onboard PSLV is planned during the first quarter of 2009-2010. Oceansat-3, planned to be initiated towards end of 11th plan will be a follow-on satellite for Oceansat-2 to provide continuity of data on Ocean & Coastal resources.

15. Resourcesat-2 & 3: Taking into account the increased use of space imageries for different applications and continued Earth Observation services required from the IRS satellites, Resourcesat-2 has been conceived as a continuity mission with enhanced capabilities which will be mainly for crop applications, vegetation dynamics and natural resources census applications. The Payload realization and sub-system fabrication are targeted for 2009-2010. Resourcesat-3 will provide continuity of data after Resourcesat-2.

18. Radar Imaging Satellite-1 Project (RISAT-1): Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT) is intended to provide all-weather, day and night imaging capability providing vital inputs for various agricultural and disaster applications. The satellite is targeted to be launched by PSLV-C-13 during first quarter of 2009-2010.

19. GSAT-4: The satellite will be utilized for conducting various experiments in the communications area and early introduction of geo-based navigation system. The satellite is targeted for launch during 2009-2010.

20. Navigation Satellite System (NSS): The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), is planned to be a constellation of 7 satellites - 3 in GEO and 4 in GSO orbit. This satellite is expected to provide position accuracies similar to GPS in a region centered around India with a coverage extending upto 1500 km from India. The configuration of the satellite has been finalized and procurement of components & materials has been initiated. 220 Notes on Demands for Grants, 2009-2010 No.89/ Department of Space http://indiabudget.nic.in

23. Earth Observation - New Missions (SARAL, TESHyp, DMSAR-1 & Carto-3): Indian Earth Observation program is directed towards providing continuity of EO data for resource management applications and enhancing the imaging capability. Towards this, it is planned to undertake development of small satellite with Argos & Altimeter (SARAL) for oceanography studies, Technology Experiment Satellite in Hyper Spectral Imaging (TES-HYP), Radar Imaging Satellite for Disaster Management (DMSAR) & advanced cartography satellite (Carto-3).

39. Megha-tropiques Project: Megha-Tropiques is an ISRO-CNES(France) joint mission and is intended for studying tropical atmosphere and climate related to aspects such as monsoons, cyclones, etc., using a satellite platform.

40. Astrosat 1 & 2: The objective of the Astrosat project is to build and launch an astronomical observatory satellite for expanding the scientific knowledge about the evolution of stellar objects and gather valuable scientific data on high energy Astronomy and Astrophysics research. The satellite is planned for launch in 2010 onboard PSLV.

41. Indian Lunar Chandrayaan-1 & 2: The main objective of Indian Lunar Chandrayaan-1 is for expanding the scientific Notes on Demands for Grants, 2009-2010 221 No.89/ Department of Space http://indiabudget.nic.in knowledge about the moon, upgrading the technological capability and providing the challenging opportunity for planetary research for a large number of growing young people of the country benefiting the human society at large. The Chandrayaan- 1 was successfully launched on October 22, 2008 on-board the PSLV-C11. The follow-on mission Chandrayaan-2 has been recently approved by the Government.

49. INSAT-3 Satellites (including Launch Services): The objective of INSAT-3 Spacecraft Project are to (i) build five INSAT-3 satellites, (INSAT-3A to INSAT-3E) keeping the flexibility for mid-course corrections to accommodate emerging requirements, carry out mission planning, launch campaign and initial phase operations, and (ii) establish required programme elements for carrying out the same. INSAT-3D the last satellite in INSAT-3 series is targeted for launch during 2009-2010.

50. INSAT-4 Satellites (including Launch Services): The fourth generation INSAT-4 Satellite series has been planned to meet the capacity and service requirements projected by various users and development needs of the country. INSAT-4A, 4B & 4CR satellite in the INSAT-4 series have been launched & operationalised. Work on INSAT-4D, 4E, 4F (User funded) and INSAT-4G is in progress.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.rian.ru/science/20081022/153631237.html
ЦитатаЗапуск спутника Youthsat отложен на второй квартал 2009 года
11:27 22/10/2008


ШРИХАРИКОТА (Индия), 22 окт - РИА Новости, Евгений Безека. Индия перенесла запуск российско-индийского спутника Youthsat на второй квартал 2009 года, сообщил РИА Новости директор Отдела прогрессивных технологий Индийской организации космических исследований профессор Шастри.

"Youthsat - не основной груз, поэтому он может быть запущен одновременно с другим спутником, который будет выводиться на аналогичную орбиту. Такой запуск может быть осуществлен во втором квартале 2009 года", - сказал Шастри.

Спутник собран российскими студентами, а индийским студентам Университета штата Андхра-Прадеш предстоит проанализировать полученные им на орбите сведения.

Решение о запуске российско-индийского спутника было принято в январе 2007 года. Запуск первоначально планировалось приурочить к проходящему Году России в Индии и отправить на орбиту весной 2008 года. Позднее срок был сдвинут на конец 2008 - начало 2009 года.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

Состоявшиеся пуски:

2009
№ - Дата - КА - РКН/РБ  - Время
1 - 20 апреля - RISAT 2, AnuSat - PSLV-C12 (CA) - 05:15 ЛМВ  


Планирующиеся пуски

2009
Дата - КА - РКН/РБ  - Время
август - OCEANSAT-2, UWE 2, SwissCube 1, BeeSat, ITU-pSat, Rubin 9.1 , Rubin 9.2 - PSLV C14 - ПО
август-сентябрь (ПО) - RESOURCESAT-2, YOUTHSAT , CubeSats, NLS-7(ПО)  - PSLV-C15  - ПО
сентябрь-октябрь - GSAT-4, TAUVEX - GSLV-D3 (Mk.2) - ПО
октябрь - SRE-2 - PSLV-C16  - ПО

Попутная нагрузка
август-сентябрь или первый квартал 2010 - Jugnu - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО

2010
первый квартал 2010  - RISAT-1 - PSLV-C13 (XL)  - ПО
первое полугодие - MEGHA-TROPIQUES, CubeSats - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
первое полугодие - IRNSS-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
середина года - ASTROSAT- PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
конец года - SARAL (ALTIKA-ARGOS), CubeSats - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
конец года - IRNSS-2 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО -InSat-3D - GSLV-F06 (Mk.1)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-5(INSAT-4D) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-6(INSAT-4E) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-8(INSAT-4G) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО (или 2011) - ПО - GSLV-Mk III - ПО

Попутная нагрузка
середина года - NLS-8, CubeSats - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО

2011
ПО - TES-HYP - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GEO-HR - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-4 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ACTS-1(F) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-7(INSAT-4F) - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-9 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-10 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ASTROSAT-2 - GSLV (ПО) - ПО
конец года (или начало 2012) - Chandrayaan-2 - GSLV-Mk III -  ПО

2012
ПО - RESOURCESAT-3 - PSLV (ПО) - ПО
ПО - CARTOSAT-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - DMSAR-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ITM-1 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-5 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-6 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - IRNSS-7 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-11 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-12 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-13 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО

Попутная нагрузка
ПО - ADITYA - ПО  - ПО
ПО - I-STAG - ПО  - ПО
ПО - SENSE-P, SENSE-E - ПО  - ПО

2013
ПО - OCEANSAT-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - RISAT-3 - PSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - ACTS-2 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-14 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО
ПО - GSAT-15 - GSLV (ПО)  - ПО

Изменения от 16 мая
Изменения от 19 мая
Изменения от 13 июня
Изменения от 30 июня
Изменения от 2 июля
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

Сайт ISIS :  http://www.isispace.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=45

http://www.sefspaceworks.com/?q=marketplace_content_payload
ЦитатаLaunch Opportunities for CubeSats, NanoSats and Microsatellites

ISIS is pleased to announce a number of launch opportunities to various orbits in 2009 and 2010 for small satellites, like CubeSats, NanoSats and Microsatellites.

ISIS - Innovative Solutions In Space BV is a space company based in Delft, The Netherlands, with its roots in the Delfi-C3 nanosatellite project, successfully operating in orbit since April 2008. Founded in January 2006, ISIS is focussed at small satellite systems, missions and launch services.

Through its ISILaunch Services (www.isilaunch.com), ISIS offers regular launch opportunities for CubeSats, Nanosats and Microsatellites, as well as attached payloads. ISILaunch campaigns are typically arranged for clusters of small satellites like CubeSats, or as dedicated campaign for somewhat larger auxiliary satellites. With our flexible ISILaunch approach, ISIS can take care of the complete technical and non-technical management of the launch of your satellite, including launch adaptor and acceptance testing if so desired, or ISIS can simply act as your launch broker.

Currently, ISIS has the following launch opportunities available for 2009 and 2010:Period    LV    Intended Orbit    Availability
2009:
April    PSLV    ~ 550-600km, 41° inclination    contact us for availability
June    PSLV    ~ 817km, Sun Synchronous    contact us for availability
Aug/Sep    PSLV    ~ 670km, Sun Synchronous    1U CUBESAT SLOT
4th Q    PSLV    ~ 635km, Sun Synchronous    CubeSats, small satellites (up to ~200kg)
2010:
1st Q    Russian    LEO, low altitude, TBC    CubeSats or NanoSat
1st Q    PSLV    ~ 820km, 20° inclination    CubeSats, small satellites (up to ~200kg)
Mar/Apr    PSLV    ~ 800km Sun Synchronous    All small satellites
Mid    PSLV    ~ 650km, 5° inclination    All small satellites
4th Q    Russian    ~ 450-550km, 65° inclination    200kg MICROSAT slot + CubeSats, NanoSats
4th Q    TBA    ~ 720km Sun Synchronous (TBC)    All small satellites

Especially for the Aug/Sep and 4th Quarter launches in 2009, ISIS currently is in the final phase of contracting. In case of interest, feel free to contact us for more information, or have a look at our website www.isilaunch.com.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.asmmag.com/news/india-to-launch-1st-irnss-satellite-by-december-
ЦитатаWednesday 06 May 2009
The Indian Space Research Organisation says it is on track to launch the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite system by the end of the year. The entire constellation will be in place by 2012.      
According to a presentation by A. Bhaskaranarayana to a meeting of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) in Montreal on 15 July 2008, IRNSS will consists of three satellites (called GEOs) on the geostationary arc above India and four (called GSOs) in two highly inclined quazi-zenith orbits.
http://www.utias-sfl.net/SpecialProjects/LaunchIndex.html
ЦитатаNanosatellite Launch System 6
Launch Date: June / July 2009
Launch Vehicle: Antrix Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)

Separation System: XPOD (various configurations)
Spacecraft Complement: CanX-4 and CanX-5 (Canada) (TBC)
Sun Synchronous, 800 km, 10:30 LTDN UTIAS/SFL is planning to launch 4 to 6 nanosatellites in 2009 and welcomes additional partners wishing to share the launch. The orbit is Sun Synchronous, 800 km, 10:30 LTDN. XPOD separation systems will be used.

Nanosatellite Launch System 7
Launch Date: July-September 2009
Launch Vehicle: Antrix Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)

Separation System: XPOD (various configurations)
Spacecraft Complement: BRiTE Constellation (Canada) (TBC)
UTIAS/SFL is planning to launch 4 to 6 nanosatellites in 2009 and welcomes additional partners wishing to share the launch. The orbit is Sun Synchronous, 650-670 km, 10:15 LTDN. XPOD separation systems will be used.

Nanosatellite Launch System 8
Launch Date: mid-2010
Launch Vehicle: Antrix Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)

Separation System: XPOD (various configurations)
Spacecraft Complement: (TBC)
UTIAS/SFL is planning to launch 4 to 6 nanosatellites in 2009 and welcomes additional partners wishing to share the launch. The orbit is Sun Synchronous, 800 km, 06:00 LTDN. XPOD separation systems will be used.
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.isispace.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=83&Itemid=90
Цитата2009 Period    Orbit    Vehicle    Slots available for:
end of June     ~ 720km Sun Synchronous, 12:00am LTDN    PSLV    ISILaunch01 Campaign ongoing
3rd quarter    ~ 635km Sun Synchronous   PSLV   CubeSats, Nanosats
4th Quarter    ~ 817km Sun Synchronous, 10:30am LTDN PSLV CubeSats, Nanosats
4th Q'09 / 1st Q'10    ~ 600-700km Sun Synchronous, 10:15am LTDN PSLV CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats

2010

1st/2nd quarter   ~ 500-700km Sun Sychronous, 11:30 LTAN Russian   CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats
1st/2nd quarter   ~ 820km, 20° inclination   PSLV   CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats
2nd/3rd quarter    ~ 700km Sun Synchronous (TBC)   PSLV   CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats

4th quarter    ~ 450-500km, ~ 65° inclination   Russian   CubeSats, 50kg + 200kg slot
4th quarter    ~ 800km Sun Synchronous, 06:00am LTDN   PSLV   CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats
1st/2nd quarter   ~ 540/820km Sun Sychro
nous   Russian   CubeSats, Nanosats, Microsats
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"