EMIsat, 28 мКА + три неотделяемые ПН на PS4 - PSLV-С45 (QL) - Шрихарикота FLP - 01.04.2019, 03:57 UTC

Автор tnt22, 21.03.2019 15:53:26

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Цитата04/01/2019 08:56 Stephen Clark

The fourth stage will use its attitude control thrusters over the next hour to maneuver into a slightly different orbit to begin the operation of three hosted payloads. For the first time, the PSLV's fourth stage has solar arrays to generate electricity, allowing the rocket body to fly an extended mission as an experiment platform in low Earth orbit.
ЦитатаJonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 22:54 PDT - 31 мар. 2019 г.

All subsatellites ejected. Now on to the tertiary mission: further orbit adjusts at 0608 and 0656 UTC to move the PS4 slightly out of the orbit of the cubesats, then begin operating experiments attached to the PS4 stage, which has solar panels for the first time.


22:59 PDT - 31 мар. 2019 г.

The PS4 attached experiments include an ionospheric sensor from IIST, an amateur radio payload from AMSAT-India, and an AIS ship tracking package from ISRO. Target orbit for the stage is 485 km.

tnt22

ЦитатаSeparation of 28 International Customer Satellites - Live from SHAR, Sriharikota

DoordarshanNational

Трансляция началась 33 минуты назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5loww6uowJ8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5loww6uowJ8 (24:44)

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https://tass.ru/kosmos/6280698
Цитата1 АПР, 09:05
СМИ: Индия запустила новый спутник для обнаружения радиолокационных станций противника

Старт был произведен с космодрома на острове Шрихарикота у побережья юго-восточного штата Андхра-Прадеш

НЬЮ-ДЕЛИ, 1 апреля. /ТАСС/. Индийская организация космических исследований (ISRO) запустила в понедельник на орбиту новейший 436-килограммовый спутник EMISAT, задача которого - определять местонахождение радиолокационных станций противника. Как сообщает телеканал NDTV, вместе с этим космическим аппаратом на орбиту выведены 28 иностранных микро- и нано-спутников, в том числе из США, Швейцарии, Литвы и Испании.

Спутники вывела на орбиту индийская ракета-носитель PSLV C-45. Старт был произведен с космодрома в космическом центре имени Сатиша Дхавана на острове Шрихарикота у побережья юго-восточного штата Андхра-Прадеш.

Этот запуск стал первым индийским космическим стартом, за которым смогли наблюдать простые граждане. В минувшие выходные дни здесь была открыта смотровая галерея на 5 тыс. человек, откуда желающие теперь могут наблюдать за взлетающими ракетами.

tnt22

ЦитатаISRO‏Подлинная учетная запись @isro 2 ч. назад

Mission Accomplished!

Thank You for your support

#PSLVC45 #ISROMissions

https://www.isro.gov.in/launcher/pslv-c45-emisat-mission
ЦитатаApr 01, 2019

PSLV-C45/EMISAT MISSION
India's PSLV-C45 successfully injected EMISAT and 28 international customer satellites into their designated orbits.

The PSLV-C45 lifted off at 09:27 Hrs (IST) on April 01, 2019 from the second launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota in its 47th flight. This flight marked the first mission of PSLV-QL, a new variant of PSLV with four strap-on motors.

About 17 minutes and 12 seconds after lift-off, EMISAT was successfully injected into intended sun-synchronous polar orbit of 748 km height.

After the separation of EMISAT, the vehicle's fourth stage engines were restarted twice to place the 28 international customer satellites precisely into a sun-synchronous orbit of 504 km height. The last customer satellite was placed in its designated orbit 1 hour and 55 minutes after lift-off.

About 3 hours after lift-off, the fourth stage (PS4) of the vehicle was moved to a lower circular orbit of 485 km after two restarts to establish it as an orbital platform for carrying out experiments with its three payloads. The PS4 payloads are Automatic Identification System from ISRO, Automatic Packet Repeating System from AMSAT, India and Advanced Retarding Potential Analyzer for ionospheric studies from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology.

tnt22

https://www.isro.gov.in/update/01-apr-2019/pslv-c45-successfully-launches-emisat-and-28-customer-satellites
ЦитатаApr 01, 2019

PSLV-C45 successfully launches EMISAT and 28 customer satellites

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C45) today successfully launched EMISAT and 28 international customer satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR in Sriharikota. This flight marked the first mission of PSLV-QL, a new variant of PSLV with four strap-on motors.

PSLV-C45 lifted off at 9:27 Hrs (IST) from the Second Launch Pad and injected India's EMISAT into a 748 km sun-synchronous polar orbit, 17 minutes and 12 seconds after lift-off. After separation, the two solar arrays of EMISAT were deployed automatically and the ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network at Bengaluru assumed control of the satellite. In the coming days, the satellite will be brought to its final operational configuration.

Following the separation of EMISAT, the vehicle's fourth stage engines were restarted twice to place the 28 international customer satellites precisely into a sun-synchronous orbit of 504 km height. The last customer satellite was placed into its designated orbit 1 hour and 55 minutes after lift-off.

About 3 hours after lift-off, the fourth stage (PS4) of the vehicle was moved to a lower circular orbit of 485 km after two restarts to establish it as an orbital platform for carrying out experiments with its three payloads.

EMISAT is a satellite built around ISRO's Mini Satellite-2 bus weighing about 436 kg. The satellite is intended for electromagnetic spectrum measurement.

The 28 international customer satellites, together weighing about 220 kg, are from four countries, namely, Lithuania (2), Spain (1), Switzerland (1) and USA (24). These foreign satellites were launched as part of commercial arrangements.

The payloads carried by PS4 are Automatic Identification System from ISRO, Automatic Packet Repeating System from AMSAT, India and Advanced Retarding Potential Analyzer for ionospheric studies from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology.

ISRO Chairman Dr K Sivan congratulated the launch vehicle and satellite teams involved in the mission.

 "Today's PSLV mission was unique in several ways. It was a four strap-on new variant, the vehicle achieved three different orbits and for the first the PS4 stage is powered by solar panels," Dr Sivan said. He added that a new PSLV team executed today's mission.

Dr Sivan also placed on record the significant involvement of the industry in this mission.

So far, PSLV has launched 46 national satellites, 10 satellites built by students from Indian Universities and 297 international customer satellites, including the satellites launched today.

In its next mission, PSLV-C46 will launch RISAT-2B in May 2019.


tnt22

Прим. Примерно в в 10:25 ДМВ появилась информация НОРАД о первом объекте запуска, но форум повис

НОРАД зарегистрировал один объект запуска - EMISat
0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44078U 19018A   19091.28515534 -.00000044  00000-0  00000+0 0  9993
2 44078  98.3813 151.8813 0015739 260.4577 151.7195 14.43339309    19
44078 / 2019-018A : 736 x 759 km x 98.381°, 2019-04-01 06:50:37

tnt22

НОРАД зарегистрировал ещё 25 объектов запуска. Ожидаем ещё...
 Скрытый текст:
0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44079U 19018B   19091.43013416 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9992
2 44079  97.4678 151.9801 0013027 265.9943 236.8142 15.21058383    16

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44080U 19018C   19091.42977892 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9990
2 44080  97.4699 151.9775 0012442 269.6067 231.2711 15.21100343    14

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44081U 19018D   19091.42996200 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9995
2 44081  97.4654 151.9841 0012495 274.6216 227.3017 15.21170762    17

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44082U 19018E   19091.42951105 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9992
2 44082  97.4682 151.9805 0012676 271.8960 227.5779 15.21197765    14

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44083U 19018F   19091.43010365 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9997
2 44083  97.4592 152.0295 0011987 285.6629 217.0772 15.21246628    19

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44084U 19018G   19091.42931833 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9990
2 44084  97.4686 151.9776 0012520 277.0309 221.4564 15.21318006    18

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44085U 19018H   19091.42890378 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9999
2 44085  97.4696 151.9808 0012320 276.4849 219.7588 15.21306315    12

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44086U 19018J   19091.42922583 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9994
2 44086  97.4692 151.9767 0012361 276.0043 222.0171 15.21252540    15

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44087U 19018K   19091.42900421 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9992
2 44087  97.4611 151.9902 0014501 266.4899 230.4010 15.21409267    13

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44088U 19018L   19091.42856786 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9997
2 44088  97.4636 151.9840 0012266 293.3784 201.0785 15.21476869    15

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44089U 19018M   19091.42971340 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9992
2 44089  97.4597 151.9920 0012365 285.8568 214.9174 15.21513008    19

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44090U 19018N   19091.42666924 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9993
2 44090  97.4653 151.9797 0012767 282.3063 201.8547 15.21572855    18

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44091U 19018P   19091.43016499 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9990
2 44091  97.4527 152.0062 0010744 277.6177 225.7909 15.21770136    11

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44092U 19018Q   19091.42946962 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9997
2 44092  97.4610 151.9900 0010050 285.7414 213.8584 15.21784094    13

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44093U 19018R   19091.42484878 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9991
2 44093  97.4545 151.9932 0009662 297.2800 177.0288 15.21851907    10

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44094U 19018S   19091.42974134 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9991
2 44094  97.4544 152.0019 0009848 292.1467 208.9926 15.21883405    18

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44095U 19018T   19091.42986436 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9991
2 44095  97.4625 151.9889 0010164 288.3516 213.4829 15.21913699    19

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44096U 19018U   19091.42841883 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9997
2 44096  97.4564 151.9970 0009901 292.9586 200.9681 15.21948690    14

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44097U 19018V   19091.42668979 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9991
2 44097  97.4556 151.9962 0009963 288.7167 195.7858 15.21992429    19

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44098U 19018W   19091.42697348 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9995
2 44098  97.4601 151.9891 0010156 300.9135 185.1465 15.22019216    12

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44099U 19018X   19091.43028126 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9999
2 44099  97.4610 151.9958 0010079 302.6736 201.5301 15.22081305    17

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44100U 19018Y   19091.43027741 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9994
2 44100  97.4517 152.0064 0010409 308.1893 196.0020 15.22123546    18

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44101U 19018Z   19091.42833949 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9999
2 44101  97.4496 152.0050 0010742 316.1572 177.4542 15.22197539    18

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44102U 19018AA  19091.42889566 -.00000070  00000-0  00000+0 0  9995
2 44102  97.4295 152.0209 0010793 297.7299 198.9917 15.22237762    15

0 TBA - TO BE ASSIGNED
1 44103U 19018AB  19091.42831204 -.00000071  00000-0  00000+0 0  9993
2 44103  97.4430 152.0123 0014214 335.4528 158.2010 15.22610835    18
44079..44103 / 2019-018B..2019-018AB, 488 x 512 km x 97.45°

tnt22

https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/04/01/indian-military-satellite-20-more-planet-imaging-cubesats-aboard-successful-pslv-launch/
ЦитатаIndian military satellite, 20 more Planet imaging CubeSats launched by PSLV
April 1, 2019Stephen Clark


A 145-foot-tall (44-meter) Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle lifts off fr om the Satish Dhawan Space Center on Monday. Credit: ISRO

An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle blasted off and successfully deployed a military electronic surveillance satellite and 28 nanosatellites for companies in the United States, Lithuania, Spain and Switzerland at two different altitudes Monday, before the rocket's upper stage began an extended mission as a solar-powered experiment platform in low Earth orbit.

The 145-foot-tall PSLV lifted off at 0357 GMT Monday (11:57 p.m. EDT Sunday) from the Satish Dhawan Space Center, an Indian spaceport on the country's southeast coast around 50 miles (80 kilometers) north of Chennai.

The PSLV is the workhorse rocket for India's space program, launching several times a year, often with an Indian government satellite and a collection of smaller spacecraft built by organizations and companies in other countries.

But the mission that launched Monday morning -- liftoff occurred at 9:27 a.m. Indian Standard Time -- debuted a new configuration of the PSLV with four solid rocket boosters mounted around the rocket's core stage. Previous PSLVs launched with zero, two, or six boosters.

In another first, the PSLV's liquid-fueled fourth stage carries solar panels to generate electricity in space, providing power to three payloads that will use the spent rocket body as a hosting platform in orbit.

The launcher initially headed toward the southeast from the Second Launch Pad at the space center. The four strap-on solid rocket motors burned out and jettisoned around 70 seconds into the mission, followed by burnout and separation of the PSLV's solid-fueled core stage.

A hydrazine-fueled Vikas engine on the PSLV's second stage fired next, followed by ignition of the rocket's third stage, a solid-fueled motor. Finally, the PSLV's fourth stage -- known as the PS4 -- fired its twin thrusters, which also burn hydrazine fuel, to place the EMISat spacecraft into an orbit roughly 465 miles (749 kilometers) above Earth, with an inclination of about 98.4 degrees to the equator.

The 961-pound (436-kilogram) EMISat satellite, a joint project between the Indian Space Research Organization and India's Defense Research and Development Organization, separated from the PSLV fourth stage around 17 minutes after liftoff. A video camera on the fourth stage showed the EMISat satellite, encased in golden insulation, flying away from the rocket over the Indian Ocean.
 Скрытый текст:

A frame from the live broadcast of the PSLV launch showed EMISat in a clean room before its mounting atop the PSLV. Credit: ISRO/Doordarshan TV

EMISat carries instrumentation to detect, locate and characterize electromagnetic signals, such as those transmitted by military radars.

Two more firings by the PSLV fourth stage maneuvered the rocket into a lower orbit at an altitude of about 313 miles (504 kilometers), and slightly adjusted the orbit's inclination to 97.5 degrees. The maneuvers set up for separation of 28 nanosatellites from companies in the United States, Lithuania, Spain and Switzerland.

The CubeSats launched inside spring-loaded modules, and the PSLV commanded the secondary payloads to deploy one-at-a-time over a sequence that concluded just prior to the two-hour mark in the mission.

The first nanosatellite to separate from the PSLV's fourth stage was AISTECHSAT 3, a roughly 5-pound (2.3-kilogram) CubeSat for the Spanish company Aistech. The AISTECHSAT 3 nanosatellite is Aistech's second spacecraft to launch into orbit, and will serve as a pathfinder for the company's planned network of satellites providing aviation tracking and remote asset management services.

A Lithuanian company named NanoAvionics had two satellites fastened atop the PSLV, and they separated from the rocket next.

The first of the NanoAvionics satellites to deploy was M6P, a 15-pound (6.8-kilogram) spacecraft that hosts two commercial payloads for SpaceWorks Orbital and Lacuna Space, two companies designing communications and tracking networks using tiny satellites as relay nodes to collect and retransmit data from devices and sensors around the world.

The other NanoAvionics satellite launched was BlueWalker 1. It will test unspecified "patented technologies" in space for AST & Science, a U.S.-based smallsat startup company which acquired a controlling interest in NanoAvionics last year, according to company statements.

NanoAvionics announced in February that it was building three low Earth orbit nanosatellites for AST & Science, the first of which is BlueWalker 1. The three nanosatellites "will be used to test a range of experimental payloads for defense and commercial customers, and will include a Q/V-band satellite for test and evaluation," NanoAvionics said.

NanoAvionics said it took only one month to build the 22-pound (10-kilogram) BlueWalker 1 spacecraft and integrate its payload.

"The BlueWalker 1 mission demonstrates how NanoAvionics' pre-integrated nano-satellite bus enables faster, more responsive approaches for advancing space technology readiness," said Vytenis Buzas, CEO of NanoAvionics.


One of Aistech's CubeSats. Credit: Aistech

The second satellite for Astrocast, a Swiss company aiming to build a network of 64 data relay satellites in low Earth orbit, was also launched aboard the PSLV. The shoebox-sized, 8.4-pound (3.8-kilogram) Astrocast 0.2 spacecraft joins Astrocast 0.1, which launched on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket in December, to demonstrate the company's concept of using nanosatellites to collect and downlink data from weather buoys, wellhead sensors, pollution monitors and other remote stations.

Twenty of the secondary payloads launched on the PSLV-C45 mission are owned by Planet, a San Francisco-based company which operates more than 100 Earth-imaging satellites. Planet's newest 20 Dove nanosatellites, each about the size of a toaster oven, join the company's imaging fleet providing daily views of every location on Earth.

Four Lemur-2 CubeSats owned by Spire Global were also aboard the launch, adding to Spire's fleet of more than 70 active nanosatellites tracking ships and collecting atmospheric data that could one day improve the accuracy of weather prediction models.

The new batch of Dove CubeSats are part of a group named "Flock 4a" by Planet.

"Flock 4a will join our current constellation of 100+ Doves, replenishing our on-orbit fleet and furthering our daily global monitoring mission," wrote Mike Safyan, Planet's vice president of launch, in a post on the company's website. "However, these Dove satellites aren't solely for replenishment. They're equipped with the latest technology - upgrades to our imaging chain to improve image sharpness, radiometric consistency, and spectral precision - and push the boundaries of what our on-orbit Doves are capable of."

Planet sells its imagery to commercial clients and governments, including U.S. intelligence agencies.

The PSLV launch was India's first since the country's military successfully tested an anti-satellite missile Wednesday, destroying an Indian satellite in orbit roughly 175 miles (282 kilometers) above Earth.

India's test of a satellite kill vehicle shattered the mission's target, named Microsat-R, into countless fragments. Due to the relatively low altitude of the intercept, most of the material is expected naturally re-enter Earth's atmosphere within days or weeks, but some debris ejected into higher orbits from the force of the impact could remain in orbit longer.

Officials from several commercial satellite operators, including Planet, condemned the anti-satellite test.

"Space should be used for peaceful purposes, and destroying satellites on orbit severely threatens the long-term stability of the space environment for all space operators," Planet said in a statement. "Planet urges all space-capable nations to respect our orbital commons."


India's PSLV lifts off Monday with 29 satellites on-board. Credit: ISRO

Sunday night's launch marked the fifth time Planet has put its satellites on an Indian rocket, making Planet one of the Indian space program's biggest export customers.

Planet books its rides on PSLV missions with Antrix, the commercial arm of ISRO. For this launch, Planet arranged for its satellites to ride on the PSLV through Spaceflight, a commercial smallsat launch broker based in Seattle.

The U.S. Air Force's 18th Space Control Squadron, which detects and catalogs objects in Earth orbit, said in a tweet Friday it is "actively tracking more than 250 pieces of debris associated with (the) Indian ASAT launch" and that the Joint Force Space Component Command is "issuing conjunction notifications to satellite operators as needed to support spaceflight safety."

Analytical Graphics Inc. modeled the Indian anti-satellite test, and the company's experts suggested the missile struck the Microsat-R satellite at a relative velocity of nearly 22,000 mph, or 9.8 kilometers per second.

AGI's simulation predicted the collision created approximately 6,500 debris fragments larger than a pea, about 0.2 inches in diameter. Experts said fewer objects were expected to be large enough to be tracked by the U.S. military space surveillance radars, meaning much of the debris would remain undetected until it fell back into Earth's atmosphere.


Artist's illustration of the solar arrays mounted on the PSLV's fourth stage. Credit: ISRO
After releasing all 29 satellites, the PSLV's fourth stage was programmed to fire its attitude control thrusters to send the rocket into a third orbit about 301 miles (485 kilometers) in altitude, wh ere three experimental payloads mounted to the vehicle were expected to begin their missions.

Indian officials used the fourth stage from the previous PSLV launch in January for long-duration experiments in Earth orbit for the first time. On this mission, engineers added solar panels to the fourth stage for increased longevity.

The fourth stage carries an Automatic Identification System, or AIS, receiver for ISRO to collect messages from ships, an Automatic Packet Repeater System from AMSAT India to assist amateur radio operators in tracking and monitoring position data, and the Advanced Retarding Potential Analyzer for Ionospheric Studies experiment from the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology for structural and compositional studies of the ionosphere.


tnt22

ЦитатаJonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 11 мин. назад

EMISAT cataloged in 736 x 758 km x 98.4 deg sunsync orbit at 0930LTDN. 25 of the 28 cubesats found in 493 x 507 km x 97.5 deg orbit, no clue yet which is which. The PS4 stage hasn't turned up yet.

tnt22

ЦитатаSpire‏ @SpireGlobal 3 ч. назад

Spire Global's 100th LEMUR satellite was launched into space today. Congrats to our launch partner @NanoRacks for making it happen on their FIRST ever PSLV launch - a big milestone for us both, together! #commercialspace #nanosatellites #milestonelaunch #databeyondimages