Суборбитальные пуски (научные и экспериментальные)

Автор Salo, 05.07.2011 20:10:32

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us2-star

Простите мне мою лень...
Но может у кого есть под рукой.. ;)
Должна же быть "таблица" пусков..
а) геофизических ракет
б) военных ракет)
(п.с. Я считаю за границу космоса 100 км.. т.е. если ракета была выше - должна попасть в статистику...)
"В России надо жить долго.." (с)
"Вы рисуйте, вы рисуйте, вам зачтётся.." (с)

Salo

http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10212/332_read-2126/
ЦитатаMapheus-3 - spherules, metals and microgravity[/size]

23 November 2011

 DLR scientists launch sounding rocket with material physics experiments

First, it is launched into space at 5400 kilometres per hour, then come three and a half minutes of weightlessness, and finally it lands using a parachute. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum f
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.sscspace.com/texus-48
ЦитатаTEXUS 48 RSS
Around six minutes of microgravity
The TEXUS programme started in 1977 and is carried out at Esrange Space Center jointly by DLR, EADS Astrium and SSC.

The project

The TEXUS project is a sounding rocket program with the primary aim to investigate the properties and behaviour of materials, chemicals and biological substances in a microgravity environment. The TEXUS program gives around six minutes of microgravity.
The TEXUS programme started in 1977 and is carried out at the Esrange Space Center jointly by DLR and EADS Astrium. SSC is responsible for the launch operations. The TEXUS campaigns are sometimes financed by ESA or jointly financed by DLR and ESA.

TEXUS 48

The rocket vehicle Skylark 7 was used very successfully for the first 25 years until the motor was no longer available. The Brazilian motor VSB-30 has been used for the TEXUS programme since 2005 and will be used to launch the TEXUS 48 payload to around 270 km altitude.
More information will be added later.[/size]
http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10212/332_read-2126/
http://www.dlr.de/dlr/presse/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10172/213_read-2153/


"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMOPZ1XFVG_index_0.html
ЦитатаEurope prepares new technologies for future launchers[/size]
   


29 November 2011
ESA and the DLR German Space Center fired a Texus rocket 263 km into space on 27 November to test a new way of handling propellants on Europe's future rockets.
 
Texus 48 lifted off at 10:10 GMT (11:10 CET) from the Esrange Space Centre near Kiruna in northern Sweden on its 13-minute flight.

During the six minutes of weightlessness - mimicking the different stages of a full spaceflight - two new devices were tested for handling super-cold liquid hydrogen and oxygen propellants and then recovered for analysis.

Building on over 30 years of Texus missions, flight 48 was the first to demonstrate a new technology for future launchers.

DLR procured the rocket for this flight, which was performed under ESA's Cryogenic Upper Stage Technologies (CUST) project as part of the Future Launchers Preparatory Programme (FLPP).  
 
   
   
Texus 48 preparations

Improved upper stage
 
ESA is working on a restartable cryogenic upper stage to improve Europe's launchers.

Liquids naturally float around in weightlessness but to ensure engine ignition after a long coast in low-gravity, propellant must be held ready at the tank's outlet using 'capillary' forces - the same force that helps paper towels soak up water.

Although this has already been mastered for launchers and satellites that use storable liquids, higher-performance cryogenic fluids are more difficult to handle.

On Texus 48, liquid nitrogen represented the cryogenic propellants to ease cost and safety constraints, and simplify the thermal design.
 
 
   
Recovery of the payloads
   
"The launch of Texus 48 demonstrating new technologies for future rockets was a success. It also shows great cooperation with DLR, where joint efforts made this flight possible on time," said Guy Pilchen, Future Launchers Preparatory Programme Manager.[/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.meteorf.ru/rgm3d.aspx?RgmFolderID=a4e36ec1-c49d-461c-8b4f-167d20cb27d8&RgmDocID=3bb5193a-551c-41a5-bec7-0c0c9ad5c6c6
Цитата[19.12.2011]
Росгидромет провел успешные испытания метеорологической ракеты МР-30[/size]

В Росгидромете успешно проведены летные испытания ракетного метеорологического комплекса МР-30 нового поколения с уникальными возможностями, существенно превышающими возможности метеорологической ракеты МР-20 (разработка конца прошлого столетия) по высоте полета и массе полезной измерительной аппаратуры.
                На испытательном полигоне Капустин Яр состоялись первые пуски метеорологических ракет МР-30. Старт и полет ракет пошел нормально, телеметрическая аппаратура передала полезную информацию о режимах полета ракеты и состоянии окружающей среды. Высота подъема метеорологической ракеты МР-30 составила 304 км при массе полезного груза (измерительная аппаратура и исследовательское оборудование) около 150 кг.
                После завершения серии опытных (исследовательских) испытаний, ракета МР-30 будет использоваться в системе Росгидромета для оперативного мониторинга состоянии верхней атмосферы на регулярной основе. Данные будут поступать в Росгидромет в режиме online.
                Организация регулярных пусков ракет в разных географических районах России даст возможность оценивать физические свойства верхней атмосферы и моделировать ее динамические характеристики.[/size]
http://ria.ru/science/20111219/520863102.html

"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

интересующийся

Интересное кино! Проект закрыт:
http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/12/22/abl/
Но суборбитальные пуски по нему еще в планах на 2012 год:
http://sites.wff.nasa.gov/code810/files/BlueBook.pdf
ЦитатаNO.
MISSION
EXPERIMENTER/ORGANIZATION
RANGE
DATE
TIME
RESPONSIBILITY
1.
36.249 DR
MARTI/USAF-ABL
SAN-NIC
MAR
DAY
T. GASS

2.
39.011 NR
CHEATWOOD/NASA-LARC
WI
APR
DAY
VALLIANT/SCOTT
3.
36.232 DR
MARTI/USAF-ABL
SAN-NIC
JUN
DAY
T. GASS
Бывает, что усердие превозмогает и рассудок

Salo

http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=11281.msg849093#msg849093
ЦитатаThe launch of a Terrier - Improved Malemute sounding rocket, mission 12.074 - Hall, is scheduled for 0730 local time today (01/11/2012) from Wallops Flight Facility. Window runs from 0730 to 0900.

http://sites.wff.nasa.gov/webcast/

If anyone has questions I can probably elaborate more than the webcast will explain. I am in the blockhouse for this launch. Here's hoping we get it launched today!
ЦитатаPosted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:36:20 EST
Mission complete. Launch time was 8:25 a.m. Next launch from Wallops is currently scheduled for no earlier than March 15.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:25:00 EST
Launch

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:24:01 EST
T-60 seconds

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:23:43 EST
Payload go for launch

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:22:38 EST
Payload on internal power

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:15:02 EST
T-10 minutes and counting. Payload on external power

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:04:34 EST
T-10 minutes and holding

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:02:53 EST
Payload off internal power

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:01:22 EST
Holding at T-3 minutes for about 5 minutes

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 08:00:39 EST
Boat in hazard area

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:58:30 EST
Hold

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:56:28 EST
Counting. Target launch is 7:59

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:53:01 EST
T-3 minutes holding. Payload systems back on external power.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:50:38 EST
Possible ship in hazard area

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:50:07 EST
Hold

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:49:59 EST
t - 1 minute

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:49:29 EST
T-90 seconds

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:49:06 EST
Payload on internal power

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:47:40 EST
Webcast running about 5-7 seconds behind actual events

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:46:14 EST
Continuing count. No hold required for weather

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:44:54 EST
Payload systems confirmed ready

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:41:41 EST
Payload on external power

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:41:00 EST
T-10 minutes and counting

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:38:29 EST
Station check are complete

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:36:04 EST
T-15 minutes and counting

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:35:53 EST
Getting ready to pick up count

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:32:20 EST
Launch window has opened and runs until 9 a.m.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:24:09 EST
For this morning's launch, since this a flight test of the vehicle, we would like as clear as skies as possible to get photo/video of the rocket's flight.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:12:55 EST
We are going to hold at T-15 minutes and watch weather conditions. We still have fog on the island some clouds.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:09:59 EST
T-20 minutes

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:07:36 EST
Visibility on the island is improving. Safety is watching one ship that may enter one the mariner avoidance areas.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 07:00:35 EST
T-30 minutes and counting.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:57:20 EST
Webcast video this morning is running about 4 to 5 seconds behind actual events.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:47:37 EST
We are still dealing with fog in the area with visibility on Wallops Island around 1/4 mile. Expect broken clouds at about 20,000 feet by the start of the launch window.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:43:04 EST
We are not launching the second rocket. Radars had good track on first rocket. Range is now at T-47 minutes and counting for Terrier-Improved Malemute launch

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:39:01 EST
T-60 seconds and counting for launch of first test rocket.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:30:03 EST
T-60 minutes to the opening of the launch window. We should be ready for launch of the test rockets in about 10 to 15 minutes.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 06:03:55 EST
Beginning preparation of test rockets. These small rockets will be launched before the the Terrier-Improved Malemute to check out the radar tracking systems.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 05:34:18 EST
At 5:30 a.m. We are T-2 hours and counting for the Terrier-Improved Malemute launch. The launch team will shortly begin checks of the payload with the rocket in the launch position.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-11 at 05:03:30 EST
At 5 a.m. We are at T-2 hours and 30 minutes from the opening of the launch window this morning for the test flight of the Terrier-Improved Malemute suborbital sounding rocket. The launch window is 7:30 to 9 a.m. Clear skies this morning with some fog in the area. Watching clouds coming in from the west. Check out of the payload with the rocket in the horizontal position has been completed.

Posted by RCC on 2012-01-04 at 13:46:25 EST
A flight test of a NASA Terrier-Improved Malemute suborbital sounding rocket is scheduled for January 11 from Wallops Island. Using surplus rocket motors, the vehicle is being developed to support NASA science missions. The rocket is set for launch between 7:30 and 9:00 a.m. The backup launch days are January 12 and 13. The rocket will be visible to residents in the Wallops area. The NASA Visitor Center will open at 6:30 a.m. on launch day for public viewing. The mission will be web cast beginning at 6:30 a.m. Mission status on launch day can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/NASA_Wallops [/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"


morpheus


instml



Wallops Launch on Jan. 11, 2012

A NASA Terrier-Improved Malemute suborbital sounding rocket was successfully launched on Jan. 11, 2012 at 8:25 a.m. EST from the Wallops Flight Facility. This was a test flight of the vehicle being developed to support NASA suborbital science missions.

Image Credit: NASA

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2149.html
Go MSL!

Salo

http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/rockets/s_rockets/index_e.html
ЦитатаJanuary 12, 2012 Updated
S-520-26 launch result[/size]

JAXA launched the sounding rocket S-520-26 at 5:51 a.m. on January 12, 2012 (Japan Standard Time) from the Uchinoura Space Center. The vertical angle at the launch was 72.5 degrees. The S-520-26 was designated to clarify the combining process of the neutral atmosphere and plasma in the thermosphere.
The rocket flew smoothly, and opened its top part (the nose fairing) at 56 seconds after liftoff to start observations at 58 seconds. When it reached its maximum altitude of 298 km at 278 seconds, the lithium emission system was ignited to release lithium vapor to be dropped into the south eastern ocean of Uchinoura.
One of the onboard devices (the ion mass energy analyzer) did not perform observations successfully, but other devices, including an impedance probe, Langumuir probe, beacon transmitter, electromagnetic measurement device, and solar sensor, worked properly throughout the ascending and descending of the rocket. Reddish clouds due to lithium gas released from the rocket were seen for about 30 minutes from the ground observation points in Uchinoura, Shukumo, and Muroto. The acquired data this time will be analyzed in detail.[/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

morpheus

S-520-26 launch result
даа, дело ночью было поэтому великий ютуб дает лишь такое видео с пуска http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J463R7BjXNI

Salo

Был ещё один пуск в декабре и тоже ночью:
http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/rockets/s_rockets/topics_e.html
ЦитатаDecember 20, 2011 Updated
S-310-40 launch result[/size]

JAXA launched the sounding rocket S-310-40 at 11:48 p.m. on Dec. 19, 2011 (Japan Standard time) from the Uchinoura Space Center. The vertical angle at the launch was 76 degrees. The S-310-40 was designated to analyze radio wave propagation in the mid-latitude ionosphere during the night.
The flight and operation of the onboard devices were all normal, and its top part (the nose fairing) opened at the preordain timing of 60 seconds after liftoff, reached its highest altitude of 180 km at 210 seconds, then dropped onto the south eastern ocean of Uchinoura after completing its observation missions.
All onboard devices worked properly throughout the ascending and descending, and, at about 80 seconds, the high electron density area was observed at an altitude of around 103 km. It means that the rocket passed through the expected high density plasma area.
We are currently analyzing acquired data for more details. [/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

SpaceR

Ого, а Утиноура-то, оказывается, всё ещё действует! )

Salo

http://www.lcsun-news.com/las_cruces-news/ci_19865600
ЦитатаSuccessful launch from spaceport Saturday[/size]
Sun-News report
Posted:   01/31/2012 11:59:03 PM MST

UPHAM, NM - A "STIG-A" rocket designed and built by Armadillo Aerospace launched successfully Saturday from Spaceport America's vertical launch complex. The research and development test flight was a non-public, unpublished event at the request of Armadillo Aerospace, as the company is testing proprietary advanced launch technologies.

Preliminary data indicates the rocket reached its projected altitude well in excess of the prior flight record of 137,000 feet and potentially as high as 250,000 feet. The STIG-A's recovery system did not function properly after reaching its projected altitude, however the rocket was successfully retrieved after a hard landing within the designated Spaceport America mission recovery zone.

This was the third test of the Armadillo "STIG A" reusable sub-orbital rocket technology to launch at Spaceport America. The last successful "STIG-A" was launched at the spaceport on Dec. 4, 2011, and this is the first time that the exact same vehicle has been launched for a second time.

Saturday's launch was the 14th from the Spaceport America vertical launch complex since 2006 and marks the fourth Armadillo Aerospace launch from the spaceport. Armadillo Aerospace has additional plans to launch from Spaceport America this year.[/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"


Salo

"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

Цитата14.02.2012 / 00:05   Пуск бразильской ракеты со шведского полигона

       13 февраля 2012 года в 09:32 UTC (13:32 мск) со шведского ракетного полигона в Кируна осуществлен пуск бразильской геофизической ракеты VSB-30. Основной задачей полета являлось проведение экспериментов в условиях микрогравитации с комплектом приборов MASER 12. Максимальная высота подъема ракеты составила 260 км.

     - К.И
http://www.esa.int/esaHS/SEME8LYXHYG_index_0.html
ЦитатаMaser rocket experiments sounding good[/size]


 
13 February 2012
Five experiments on a Maser rocket were launched from northern Sweden today. Faster than most people take a coffee break, Maser-12 travelled 250 km upwards, provided six precious minutes of microgravity, and landed safely back on Earth.
 
 Launched at 09:30 GMT on 13 February, it took only 45 seconds for the 'sounding rocket' to leave the atmosphere. Once it ran out of propellant, the mission had only just begun for the scientists watching on the ground.  

   
Metal crystals

They had around six minutes to run their experiments and collect data during the weightlessness.

 On this mission, Maser felt the heat: one experiment used a small furnace to cook a metal sample to 700°C.

 At this temperature, the mixture of aluminium and copper turned liquid before it was frozen inside a cooling chamber to solidify into crystal clusters. An X-ray camera captured this dramatic experiment for analysis.
 
 
Maser-12 also featured experiments in molecular biology. The weightless behaviour of human immune-cells was compared with that of their counterparts on the ground. Another experiment looked at how blood transports cells.

 By observing how cells behave in microgravity, scientists gain a better understanding of how they work on Earth.

 Lastly, a liquid was observed to help understand boiling and heat transfer.
 
   
Maser-12   

Parachutes released automatically on Maser's trip down, guaranteeing a soft landing for the payload module.

 But there is only so much you can research from a distance, so the search and rescue service at Sweden's Esrange returned the experiments to the scientists for more detailed analysis.

 In the vast wilderness of northern Sweden, it helps that a satnav device comes as standard on a Maser. The retrieval team pinpointed the landing site and the experiments were returned by helicopter within an hour of touchdown.
 
Conducting research in microgravity is an important task for ESA. The information from the superheated metal experiment, for example, will bring us closer to creating lighter materials for use in cars or as artificial bones.

 The wilderness around Esrange means that rockets can descend with no danger of causing harm. Despite its remote location, the town of Kiruna is only 45 km away, providing the support needed for a launch site.[/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"

Salo

http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=36156
ЦитатаUNH Scientists Launch NASA Rocket into Aurora[/size]
Source: University of New Hampshire
Posted Monday, February 20, 2012


 With the full sky shimmering in green aurora, Saturday night (Feb. 18, 2012) a team of scientists, including space physicist Marc Lessard and graduate students from the University of New Hampshire's Space Science Center, launched an instrument-laden, two-stage sounding rocket from the Poker Flat Research Range in Fairbanks, Alaska. The precision measurements from the rocket's instruments will shed new light on the physical processes that create the northern lights and further our understanding of the complex Sun-Earth connection.

 Funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Alfven resonator (MICA) mission sent a 40-foot Terrier-Black Brant rocket arcing through aurora 186 miles above Earth. The rocket sent a stream of real-time data back before landing some 200 miles downrange shortly after the launch.

 Instruments onboard, including those built at UNH, sampled electric and magnetic fields as well as charged particles in Earth's upper atmosphere (ionosphere) that get sloshed back and forth by a specific form of electromagnetic energy known as Alfven waves. These waves are thought to be a key driver of "discrete" aurora -- the typical, well-defined band of shimmering lights about six miles thick and stretching east to west from horizon to horizon.

 The mission involves collaborators from Cornell University, Dartmouth College, the Southwest Research Institute, the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and the University of Oslo.

 According to Lessard, an associate professor at the UNH Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS) and department of physics, the Alfven resonator is a structure in the ionosphere that acts like a guitar string when "plucked" by energy delivered by the solar wind to Earth's magnetosphere high above.

 "The ionosphere, some 62 miles up, is one end of the guitar string and there's another structure over a thousand miles up in space that is the other end of the string. When it gets plucked by incoming energy we can get a fundamental frequency and other 'harmonics' along the background magnetic field sitting above the ionosphere," Lessard says.

 The Alfven resonator is a narrow, confined area of space -- a channel that is perhaps several hundreds of miles tall but only six miles wide. It is hypothesized that energy from the Sun accelerates a beam of electrons producing aurora and also increasing the overall electrical conductivity within the channel. Understanding how the ionosphere participates in providing the downward current is a critical component of understanding magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling.

 "The process turns on an auroral arc and then these waves develop on both sides of the resonator moving up and down. That's the theory and it appears to be valid, but there's never been any really good measurement of the process in action. That's what MICA is all about," Lessard says.

 MICA will provide insight into these wave-driven aurora specifically, but Lessard notes there are other types of aurora that are initiated by different processes and these, too, were investigated at ground-based stations during the MICA launch by scientists, including Allison Jaynes and Ian Cohen, both Ph.D. students working with Lessard in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Research Laboratory at EOS.

 UNH has a rich history of sounding rocket development and launches dating back to the early 1960s. As Lessard notes, rocket work is ideal training ground for graduate students, as it was for him at UNH, because, unlike satellite missions, rocket missions generally offer "soup to nuts" involvement from design, construction, launch, and data analysis. Rockets also offer relatively quick and inexpensive access to space compared to satellite missions.

 As for the significance of continued investigation into auroral processes, Lessard notes, "It's all about understanding how the energy of the solar wind gets coupled to Earth's magnetic field and eventually gets dumped into the our upper atmosphere."[/size]
"Были когда-то и мы рысаками!!!"