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ЦитатаWelcome Home, Orion: Spacecraft Ready for Final Artemis I Launch Preparations

Danielle Sempsrott
Posted Mar 26, 2020 at 12:42 pm

NASA's Orion spacecraft, protected in its shipping container, is loaded onto a transporter at the Launch and Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center for its move to the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building on March 25, 2020. After testing at NASA's Plum Brook Station in Ohio verified it can handle the extreme conditions of a deep-space environment, the spacecraft - carried by the agency's Super Guppy aircraft - has returned to the Florida spaceport for final testing and assembly. Following this, Orion will be integrated with the Space Launch System rocket for Artemis I - the first in a series of increasingly complex missions to the Moon that will ultimately lead to the exploration of Mars. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

NASA's Orion spacecraft for Artemis I returned to the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on March 25 after engineers put it through the rigors of environmental testing at NASA's Plum Brook Station in Ohio. At Kennedy, the spacecraft will undergo final processing and preparations prior to launching on the first in a series of increasingly complex missions to the Moon that will ultimately lead to the exploration of Mars.

The spacecraft - comprised of the crew module and service module - arrived in Ohio during the fall of 2019, where two phases of testing occurred inside the world's largest space simulation vacuum chamber. First, the spacecraft demonstrated it could handle the extreme temperatures of space during thermal vacuum testing, simulating sunlight and shadow Orion will encounter during flight. During this test, the spacecraft was exposed to temperatures ranging fr om -250 to around 200 degrees Fahrenheit. Next, an electromagnetic interference and compatibility test verified all of Orion's electronics work correctly when operating simultaneously and in the electromagnetic environments it will encounter during its mission.

"The test went exceptionally well, especially considering we were doing all of this for the first time," said Nicole Smith, testing project manager at NASA's Glenn Research Center. "We found a lot of efficiencies throughout the thermal vacuum phase, and overcame a few facility equipment challenges early during electromagnetic interference testing, but our combined NASA, Lockheed Martin, ESA (European Space Agency) and Airbus team was able to complete the testing ahead of schedule."

Arriving at Kennedy in the agency's Super Guppy aircraft, Orion is now ready to undergo its next phase of processing. Before it can be integrated with the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, the Orion spacecraft will go through a final round of testing and assembly, including end-to-end performance verification of the vehicle's subsystems, checking for leaks in the spacecraft's propulsion systems, installing its solar array wings, performing spacecraft closeouts and pressurizing a subset of its tanks in preparation for flight.

Orion will then begin its ground processing journey with Exploration Ground Systems. The first stop on the journey will be at Kennedy's Multi-Payload Processing Facility for fueling and pressurizing of its remaining tanks, and after this, to the Launch Abort System Facility for integration with the spacecraft's launch abort system (LAS). After installation of the LAS, engineers will transport Orion to the Vehicle Assembly Building, wh ere they will stack the spacecraft atop SLS when the rocket arrives to Kennedy. Once integrated with SLS, a team of technicians and engineers will perform additional tests and checkouts to verify Orion and SLS operate as expected together.

"The Artemis program is the future of human space exploration, and to be a part of the design, assembly and testing of NASA's newest spacecraft is an incredible, once-in-a-career opportunity," said Amy Marasia, spacecraft assembly operations lead in Orion production operations at Kennedy. "Witnessing the daily transformation of numerous individual flight hardware components and parts into a fully equipped and operational spacecraft is one of my favorite parts of this job."

NASA's Super Guppy transport was assisted by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), who provide specialized equipment and services to load and offload the spacecraft from the Super Guppy, and the Ohio Air National Guard, who provided supplemental air cargo transport services for support equipment and overnight hangar storage for the spacecraft prior to the Super Guppy airlift. NASA, DoD and the Ohio Air National Guard made the decision to continue with the transport operation after a full assessment determined that the risks to personnel due to COVID-19 would be low and could be reduced by steps taken during the operation.

"NASA sincerely thanks the DoD personnel from the United States Air Force's Air Mobility Command who helped us accomplish this mission essential operation during these trying times," said Mark Kirasich, manager for the Orion Program at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston. "Specifically, we'd like to thank the 437th Aerial Port Squadron from Joint Base Charleston and the 305th Aerial Port Squadron/87th Logistics Readiness Squadron from Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst of the U.S. Air Force Air Mobility Command, the 45th Logistics Readiness Squadron from Patrick Air Force Base of the U.S. Air Force Space Command, and the 179th Airlift Wing from Mansfield-Lahm of the Ohio Air National Guard."

Under the Artemis program, NASA will land the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024. Through the Gateway - an outpost in lunar orbit - the agency will develop a sustainable presence in deep space, taking what crew members learn on the lunar surface and applying that to the journey on to Mars. As the first integrated flight of SLS and Orion, Artemis I is critical to providing the foundation for human deep-space exploration.

"With Orion back at Kennedy, we're ready," said Scott Wilson, NASA Orion production operations manager. "Ready to finalize the vehicle and send it to be integrated for its voyage to deep space, tackling the next era of human space exploration."


ЦитатаLaunch Abort Motor for Orion's Artemis II Mission Arrives at Kennedy Space Center

Linda Herridge
Posted Apr 13, 2020 at 4:14 pm

The launch abort motor for Orion's launch abort system (LAS) for Artemis II, enclosed in its shipping container, arrives at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on April 13, 2020. The motor arrived fr om Northrop Grumman in Promontory, Utah, and was transported to the Launch Abort System Facility where it will undergo testing in preparation for the second Artemis mission. The launch abort motor is one of three motors on the LAS. The LAS will be positioned atop the Orion crew module and is designed to protect astronauts if a problem arises during launch by pulling the spacecraft away from a failing rocket. Artemis II will take the first humans in orbit around the Moon in the 21st century.

Kennedy Space Center has received a critical piece of hardware in support of the Artemis II crewed mission. The launch abort motor for Orion's Launch Abort System (LAS) arrived in Florida April 13 from Northrop Grumman in Promontory, Utah, and was transported to the Launch Abort System Facility wh ere it will undergo testing in preparation for use on the second Artemis mission.

The launch abort motor is one of three motors on the LAS and is capable of producing about 400,000 pounds of thrust to steer and pull the crew module away from the rocket. The attitude control motor and the jettison motor complete the trio of motors responsible for controlling the LAS.

The LAS weighs about 16,000 pounds and is installed on top of the Orion crew module. It is designed to protect astronauts in the unlikely event of an emergency during launch or ascent. The system pulls the spacecraft away from a falling rocket and reorients the crew module to provide a safe landing for the crew.
Under the Artemis program, NASA will land the first woman and next man on the Moon. Orion will launch atop the agency's Space Launch System rocket to carry astronauts to space, provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during space travel, and provide safe re-entry from deep space return velocities. NASA will develop a sustainable presence at the Moon and apply knowledge gained to pave the way for human exploration of Mars.


15.04.2020 23:05:43 #3322 Последнее редактирование: 15.04.2020 23:06:05 от Чебурашка
Когда Orion  уже готов, а SLS всё ещё нет   :D


ЦитатаЧебурашка написал:
Когда Orion  уже готов, а SLS всё ещё нет    

Орион очень далеко от готовности.
Эти весёлые картинки лишь ребяческая попытка отмазки - мол не все так плохо - виноват лишь СЛС, а так бы ухх как разлетались бы по  дальнему космосу


ЦитатаЧебурашка написал:
Когда Orion  уже готов, а SLS всё ещё нет   :D
а картинке уже 10 лет .... как время летит. и реальность расходится с планами
PUBLISHED: April 16, 2010
еще на политиков https://dennysartsanctuary.blogspot.com/2010/04/


Цитатаazvoz написал:
ЦитатаЧебурашка написал:
Когда Orion  уже готов, а SLS всё ещё нет    

Орион очень далеко от готовности.
Эти весёлые картинки лишь ребяческая попытка отмазки - мол не все так плохо - виноват лишь СЛС, а так бы ухх как разлетались бы по  дальнему космосу
Ничего, инженеры НАСА скоро всем покажут!
Не все у нас еще хорошо, кое-что - просто замечательно!


Orion уже прошёл цикл испытаний в вакуумной камере и отправлен на космодром для окончательной подготовки к запуску.
SLS сильно отстала по готовности от корабля.


ЦитатаЧебурашка написал:
Orion уже прошёл цикл испытаний в вакуумной камере и отправлен на космодром для окончательной подготовки к запуску.
SLS сильно отстала по готовности от корабля.

А куда смотрят инженеры НАСА?!
Не все у нас еще хорошо, кое-что - просто замечательно!


Цитатаcross-track написал:
ЦитатаЧебурашка написал:
Orion уже прошёл цикл испытаний в вакуумной камере и отправлен на космодром для окончательной подготовки к запуску.
SLS сильно отстала по готовности от корабля.
А куда смотрят инженеры НАСА?!
Делом заняты, в отличие от тебя, бездельника со сжатым шаром. :D


Цитата Chris B - NSF @NASASpaceflight 7:19 PM - Apr 23, 2020

ASAP notes final certification for the parachutes for Orion is expected in May. Chutes for Artemis-1's Orion already packed into the mortars. ...


ЦитатаArtemis: Inside the Latest Achievements - Episode 24

NASA Johnson

15 мая 2020 г.

NASA's Artemis program completed several milestones this quarter (Q1 2020) on its journey to take U.S. astronauts to the surface of the Moon. NASA's Orion spacecraft has completed a successful final test of the vehicle's Attitude Control Motor which steers and orients its launch-abort system. Inside Kennedy Space Center, launch control staff took part in multiple Firing Room Simulations to certify them for operations. Workers in Michoud Assembly Facility primed and prepped the Artemis II Liquid Oxygen Tank for post-proof testing whilst workers from the integrated recovery team conducted the 8th Underway Recovery Test of Orion for Artemis I. Take a look at all we've accomplished from testing our Orion spacecraft and building our Space Launch System rocket to graduating a new Artemis Generation class of astronauts and creating partnerships with private industry.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y475KP7RUrohttps://www.youtube.com/embed/y475KP7RUro (3:16)


ЦитатаOrion Recovery Team

NASA's Kennedy Space Center

14 мая 2020 г.

The Landing and Recovery Team led by the Exploration Ground Systems Program from Kennedy Space Center in Florida will be responsible for safely recovering the Orion capsule, and crew on future Artemis missions, after splashdown and returning them both to land. The interagency landing and recovery team consists of personnel and assets from the U.S. Department of Defense, including Navy amphibious specialists and Air Force weather specialists, and engineers and technicians from Kennedy, Johnson Space Center in Houston, and Lockheed Martin Space Operations. The team will recover Orion and attempt to recover hardware jettisoned during landing, such as the forward bay cover and the three main parachutes.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJDwlC2PrAwhttps://www.youtube.com/embed/kJDwlC2PrAw (1:28)


ЦитатаMay 14, 2020

Searching with Sasquatch: Recovering Orion

During Underway Recovery Test-8 in March, NASA's Landing and Recovery team fr om Exploration Ground Systems at Kennedy Space Center performs its first full mission profile test of the recovery procedures for Artemis I aboard the USS John P. Murtha in the Pacific Ocean.
Credits: NASA/Kenny Allen

By Jim Cawley
NASA's Kennedy Space Center

For Artemis missions, NASA's Orion spacecraft will be traveling at 25,000 mph as it reenters the Earth's atmosphere, which will slow it down to 325 mph. Parachutes will then bring it down to about 20 mph.

During the parachute deploy sequence, hardware will be jettisoned and fall into the Pacific Ocean below while the recovery ship awaits near the landing site. Keeping the ship and recovery team safe is critical to mission success.

Senior Airman Kyle Boyes of the U.S. Air Force's 45th Weather Squadron out of Patrick Air Force Base in Florida releases a weather balloon during Underway Recovery Test-8 in the Pacific Ocean in March 2020.
Credits: NASA/Amanda Griffin

The Landing and Recovery team, led by Exploration Ground Systems at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is prepared to safely recover Orion and attempt to recover the jettisoned hardware. A four-person team of engineers fr om NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston will also be onboard the U.S. Navy recovery ship with a "Sasquatch" -- no, not an elusive hairy creature, but a very important software tool created specifically for Orion.

Sarah Manning, an aerospace engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, is part of a team that operates "Sasquatch," an important software tool created specifically for the agency's Orion spacecraft.
Credits: NASA/Amanda Griffin

"Sasquatch is the software NASA uses to predict large footprints -- that's why we call it Sasquatch -- of the various debris that is released fr om the capsule as it is reentering and coming through descent," said Sarah Manning, a Sasquatch operator and aerospace engineer from the Engineering Directorate at Johnson.

The hardware jettisoned, or released, during parachute deployment includes drogue and pilot parachutes that help initially slow and stabilize Orion, along with other elements necessary for the parachute sequence to deploy. The primary objective for the Sasquatch team is to help get the ship as close as possible to recover Orion quickly. A secondary objective is to recover as much hardware as possible.

Incorporating wind data gathered from the balloons with Sasquatch's information about the debris, such as how quickly it falls, will show how the debris will spread based on the winds that day -- scenarios the team has practiced for years in the Arizona desert wh ere the Orion program conducted parachute testing. That's wh ere Sasquatch and eight weather balloons, released from the recovery ship by a team from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida and Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, come into play. They will use that information to position the recovery ship, small boats and helicopters outside the debris field to avoid injuries or damage.

"The upper-level wind speed and direction are critical in modeling the debris trajectories," said Air Force Maj. Jeremy J. Hromsco, operations officer, 45th Weather Squadron at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. "Data provided to U.S. Navy and NASA forecast teams will allow them to accurately characterize and forecast the atmosphere during recovery operations."

Positioning is paramount to recovering the hardware before it sinks. The team will first focus on recovering the capsule's forward bay cover, a protective ring that covers the back shell of the capsule and protects the parachutes during most of the mission, as well as the three main parachutes. If they are successful, engineers can inspect the hardware and gather additional performance data.

About five days before splashdown, the Landing and Recovery team heads to a midway point between shore and wh ere Orion is expected to land. As the spacecraft approaches, the Navy ship with the team continues its approach. How close they can get -- and how quickly they can get to the capsule -- depends on the work of the Sasquatch team.

"We have locations ready two hours before splashdown, but anything could change," Manning said. "Then we have to make real-time decisions and people need to move."

Helicopters that capture valuable imagery during descent and landing take off about an hour before splashdown. These aircraft set their flight plans based on the latest information from the Sasquatch team.

Artemis I will be an uncrewed flight test of NASA's Orion spacecraft, Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, with the newly upgraded ground systems at Kennedy. During future Artemis missions, crew will be onboard. The recovery team intends to recover the crew and capsule within two hours of splashing down.

"Safety is absolutely very important," Manning said. "We want to get as close as we can -- far enough away that the recovery team is safe, but close enough that they can get there quickly."

Last Updated: May 15, 2020
Editor: James Cawley




Чебурашка, а откуда дровишки, в смысле табличка. Орион это вместе с СЛС или только капсула?
Любознательный дилетант.


Цитата: Алексей Николаевич Зыков от 22.05.2020 13:02:43Чебурашка, а откуда дровишки, в смысле табличка. Орион это вместе с СЛС или только капсула?


ЦитатаWatch Orion's Fairing Panel Jettison Test

 Lockheed Martin

12 июн. 2020 г.

Watch NASA's Orion complete the most recent structural test article (STA) event, where Orion's three massive fairing panels are jettisoned with pyros firing in sequence. The panels support the spacecraft and protect it during launch when it accelerates from the launchpad traveling thousands of miles per hour.





Цитата: undefinedHardware on the Move for Artemis II

Kathryn Hambleton
Posted Jun 25, 2020 at 4:02 pm

The Orion crew module and its adapter for the first crewed Artemis mission are undergoing testing and maintenance at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. On Artemis II, Orion will launch atop the Space Launch System rocket and carry astronauts around the Moon and back to Earth.

The Orion capsule that will fly astronauts on the Artemis II mission.

This Orion crew module adapter that will connect the capsule to the Space Launch System rocket.



Цитата: undefined

June 26, 2020

Orion's 'Twin' Completes Structural Testing for Artemis I Mission

Before NASA astronauts fly the Orion spacecraft on Artemis missions to the Moon and back, engineers needed to thoroughly test its ability to withstand the stresses of launch, climb to orbit, the harsh conditions of deep space transit, and return to Earth. NASA designed Orion from the beginning specifically to support astronauts on missions farther from Earth than any other spacecraft built for humans.

In June 2020, engineers completed testing on a duplicate of Orion called the Structural Test Article (STA), needed to verify the spacecraft is ready for Artemis I -- its first uncrewed test flight. NASA and its prime contractor, Lockheed Martin, built the STA to be structurally identical to Orion's main spacecraft elements: the crew module, service module and launch abort system.

The STA testing required to qualify Orion's design began in early 2017 and involved 20 tests, using six different configurations -- from a single element, to the entire full stack -- and various combinations in between. At completion, the testing verified Orion's structural durability for all flight phases of Artemis I.

"The STA has been an invaluable source for our engineers to prove out the integrity of Orion's design," said Stefan Pinsky, Lockheed Martin's test manager for the Orion structural test article. "Over the course of testing, planning for the configuration and hardware moves of the three large primary Orion elements is a complex process that can sometimes seem like a giant game of Tetris."

STA tests included loads testing to ensure the spacecraft structures can withstand intense loads at launch and entry; acoustic and modal testing to evaluate how Orion and its components tolerate intense vibrational forces; pyrotechnic shock testing that recreates the powerful pyrotechnic blasts needed for critical separation events during flight, such as module separation events and fairing jettisons; and a lightning test to evaluate potential flight hardware damage if the vehicle was exposed to a lightning strike prior to launch.

At Lockheed Martin in Denver, teams worked round-the-clock for days at a time to prepare the tests, execute, tear down then reconfigure the STA for the next test, culminating in 330 actual days of testing. During some test phases, engineers pushed expected pressures, mechanical loads, vibration and shock conditions up to 40 percent beyond the most severe conditions anticipated during the mission, analyzing data to confirm the spacecraft structures can withstand the extreme environments of space.

While the team was pushing the physical limits of testing with the STA, the actual Orion vehicle for Artemis I recently underwent rigorous testing at NASA's Plum Brook Station in Ohio to certify it can withstand the extreme temperatures and electromagnetic conditions it will endure during its first mission around the Moon and back. The vehicle is now being readied at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for its integration with the Space Launch System rocket prior to its maiden flight.

The STA campaign will continue beyond Artemis I, incorporating structural loads testing on Orion's launch abort system, and crew module water impact tests to support NASA's Artemis II mission -- the first flight around the Moon with astronauts. For Artemis III, the mission that will see the first female and next male astronaut land on the surface of the Moon, the STA will be used for testing to include the spacecraft docking system.

"It's a tremendous achievement for our teams to be able to successfully test this number of STA configurations to validate the structural robustness of the vehicle across the range of conditions that the spacecraft will experience on lunar missions under the Artemis program," said Howard Hu, NASA's acting Orion program manager. "These results give us continued confidence that Orion is ready for its first Artemis flight to the Moon next year."

The Orion STA, in its "full stack" launch configuration -- the crew module, service module and launch abort system, as well as the spacecraft adapter and jettisonable fairings -- was lifted into a reverberant acoustic chamber at Lockheed Martin for acoustic testing.

The Orion STA forward bay cover jettison testing is in progress at Lockheed Martin near Denver.

Last Updated: June 26, 2020
Editor: Aimee Crane



Цитата: undefinedArtemis II Orion Stage Adapter Taking Shape

Kathryn Hambleton
Posted Jul 2, 2020 at 3:27 pm

Technicians at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, move panels for the Artemis II Orion stage adapter to a large robotic, welding machine.

Three panels for the Artemis II Orion stage adapter were built by AMRO Fabricating Corp. in South El Monte, California and shipped to Marshall where engineers and technicians from NASA are joining them using a sophisticated friction-stir welding process to form the Orion stage adapter. This critical part of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket will send the Artemis II crew into lunar orbit. AMRO also built panels for the Artemis II launch vehicle stage adapter also currently being built at Marshall and the SLS core stage and the Orion crew module built at NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. All panels where joined with the same friction-stir welding process. The Artemis I Orion stage adapter, also built at Marshall, has been delivered to Kennedy Space Center where it will be stacked with the rest of the SLS rocket components. The adapter connects the Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage, the rocket's upper stage that sends Orion to the Moon, to the Orion spacecraft. The Orion stage adapter has space for small payloads; on Artemis I it will transport 13 small satellites to deep space where they can study everything from asteroids to the Moon and radiation. SLS, the world's most powerful rocket, along with NASA's Orion spacecraft, will launch America into a new era of exploration to destinations beyond Earth's orbit.