Orion

Автор Agent, 28.07.2009 07:35:14

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triage

Цитатаhttps://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/bound-for-the-moon-collins-aerospace-signs-320-million-contract-with-lockheed-martin-to-provide-critical-subsystems-for-nasas-orion-spacecraft-fleet-300987490.html

Jan 15, 2020, 09:00 ET

WINDSOR LOCKS, Conn., Jan. 15, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Collins Aerospace Systems, a unit of United Technologies Corp. (NYSE: UTX), has signed a contract with Lockheed Martin to provide critical subsystems to support production of NASA's Orion spacecraft fleet for Artemis missions III through VIII. Valued at $320 million, the systems being provided by Collins Aerospace will play an important role in enabling NASA's goal of boots on the Moon by 2024, as well as establishing a sustained presence on and around the Moon to prepare for missions to Mars.

The key subsystems for Orion to be provided by Collins Aerospace include:

Environmental control and life support systems that maintain a healthy and comfortable environment for the crew both in the spacecraft cabin and while isolated in launch and re-entry suits
Active thermal control systems, which provide liquid circulation throughout the spacecraft picking up waste heat from the crew and vehicle electronics
Power management and distribution hardware, providing power connectivity from external power sources and conditioned power to the crew and service modules
Waste management systems to promote crewmember comfort and vehicle cleanliness
....

Цитатаhttps://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/honeywell-and-lockheed-martin-to-provide-critical-components-for-nasas-orion-spacecraft-300988142.html

Jan 17, 2020, 09:00 ET

CLEARWATER, Fla., Jan. 17, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Honeywell (NYSE: HON) has been awarded a contract by Lockheed Martin to support production of NASA's Orion spacecraft fleet for the upcoming Artemis missions, which will bring humans back to the moon for the first time since 1972. The contract to supply key components of the Orion crew module and service module will be managed and performed out of Honeywell's facility in Clearwater, Florida. Work will also be conducted at the company's facilities in Glendale, Arizona, and Puerto Rico.

Honeywell will provide 14 product types for Artemis missions III through V, including both hardware and software solutions, to support NASA's lunar missions.
....

Honeywell will supply the following types of technology for the Artemis missions:

Guidance and Navigation Systems: Key navigation and guidance solutions, including the barometric altimeter, which track the altitude of the Orion capsule in Earth's atmosphere, as well as the inertial measurement system and GPS receiver, which track the position and movements of the capsule.
Command Data Handling: Several data-handling products, including the vehicle management computer, which acts as the central computing platform supporting flight and vehicle control, as well as spacecraft communication functions.
Displays and Controls: Three display units and struts, seven control panels, and two hand controllers used inside the spacecraft to help astronauts in the Orion capsule monitor and control the vehicle.
Core Flight Software: Includes the integrated modular avionics software, a key system responsible for supporting maintenance functions sharing flight data information.
...

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https://twitter.com/NASA_Orion/status/1228112989544419332
ЦитатаThermal-Vacuum testing complete! Orion spent 6 weeks in vacuum subjected to temperatures ranging from -250 to 300-degrees Fahrenheit to simulate flying in-and-out of sunlight and shadow on the way to the Moon. Next up: electromagnetic interference tests!



tnt22

ЦитатаPreparing Orion for thermal vacuum testing

European Space Agency, ESA

16 февр. 2020 г.

A timelapse video of the Orion spacecraft with European Service Module getting ready for thermal vacuum testing at NASA's Plum Brook Station. The first Orion will fly farther from Earth on the Artemis I mission than any human-rated vehicle has ever flown before - but first it will undergo testing to ensure the spacecraft withstands the extremes of spaceflight.
 :

Here at NASA's Plum Brook Station in Ohio, USA, Orion is being put into a thermal cage in preparation of getting its first feel of space in the world's largest thermal vacuum chamber.

Orion will be subjected to temperatures at Plum Brook ranging from -115°C to 75°C in vacuum for over two months non-stop - the same temperatures it will experience in direct sunlight or in the shadow of Earth or the Moon while flying in space.

Orion is being placed in a cage, called the Thermal Enclosure Structure (TES), that will radiate infrared heat during the tests inside the vacuum chamber.

The tests that will run for two months will show that the spacecraft works as planned and adheres to the strictest safety regulations for human spaceflight. The European Service Module has 33 thrusters, 11 km of electrical wiring, four propellant and two pressurisation tanks that all work together to supply propulsion and everything needed to keep astronauts alive far from Earth - there is no room for error.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MG9Lof1m_ohttps://www.youtube.com/embed/5MG9Lof1m_o?feature=oembed (1:16)

Чебурашка

21.02.2020 21:22:44 #3303 Последнее редактирование: 21.02.2020 21:25:58 от Чебурашка
https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2020/02/sls-debut-april-2021-ksc-teams-launch-sims/

Новая дата  Artemis-1

NASA centers are now actively planning for a No Earlier Than 18 April 2021 launch for the rocket's debut.

осталось 418 дней

zandr

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74SazrAm-s0
ЦитатаThe final Attitude Control Motor Test for NASA's Orion Spacecraft        
                          SciNews
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74SazrAm-s01:06
Опубликовано: 25 февр. 2020 г.
A hot fire test of the Attitude Control Motor (ACM) of NASA's Orion spacecraft Launch Abort System was conducted at Northrop Grumman's facility in Elkton, Maryland, on 25 February 2020, at 18:36 UTC (12:36 local time). Built by Northrop Grumman, the Attitude Control Motor consists of a solid propellant gas generator with eight proportional valves equally spaced around the circumference of the motor. The test will qualify the attitude control motor (ACM) for human missions beginning on Artemis II, Orion's first mission with astronauts.
Credit: NASA/Northrop Grumman

tnt22

https://news.northropgrumman.com/news/releases/northrop-grumman-completes-final-qualification-test-for-nasas-orion-launch-abort-system-attitude-control-motor
ЦитатаNorthrop Grumman Completes Final Qualification Test for NASA's Orion Launch Abort System Attitude Control Motor

Milestone demonstrates motor's readiness for Artemis II mission
February 25, 2020



ELKTON, Md. - Feb. 25, 2020 - Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC), along with NASA and Lockheed Martin, successfully completed its third and final qualification test of the Attitude Control Motor (ACM) for NASA's Orion spacecraft Launch Abort System (LAS).

Northrop Grumman Completes Final Qualification Test for NASAs Orion Launch Abort System Attitude Control Motor
"The qualification test is a critical step toward Artemis II, Orion's first flight with astronauts," said Pat Nolan, vice president, missile products, Northrop Grumman. "Completion of this milestone emphasizes Northrop Grumman's commitment to deliver innovative and reliable technology that will keep our astronauts safe during launch."

The test was performed under cold operating conditions, to complement the earlier tests conducted at nominal and high-temperature conditions. In an effort to demonstrate worst case conditions, the motor was ignited using one of the two initiators and simulated high altitude vacuum conditions.

Preliminary results showed excellent performance, meeting the stringent design criteria for this critical application. All eight high thrust valves operated nominally over the 35 second motor burn time. The valves provided more than 7,000 lbs. of thrust during the high thrust portion of the duty cycle.

The ACM is one of three motors comprising Orion's LAS. The system is designed to carry astronauts inside the spacecraft to safety if an emergency arises on the launch pad or during Orion's climb to orbit. In the unlikely event of an abort, the attitude control motor would steer the Orion crew module away from the launch vehicle. The ACM also orients the capsule for parachute deployment once the crew module is clear of all hazards.

NASA is working to land the first woman and next man on the Moon by 2024. Orion is part of NASA's backbone for deep space exploration, along with the Space Launch System rocket and Gateway in orbit around the Moon. Orion will sustain astronauts in deep space, provide emergency abort capability, and support a safe re-entry from lunar return velocities.

Exploring the Moon helps create a vibrant future and advance technologies, capabilities and new opportunities for future missions to Mars. Northrop Grumman is responsible for the LAS ACM through a contract with Lockheed Martin, prime contractor for Orion.

Northrop Grumman solves the toughest problems in space, aeronautics, defense and cyberspace to meet the ever evolving needs of our customers worldwide. Our 90,000 employees define possible every day using science, technology and engineering to create and deliver advanced systems, products and services.

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Красота


tnt22

ЦитатаFired Up! Final Test of Orion Motor Critical to Astronaut Safety a Spectacular Success

NASA Johnson

26 февр. 2020 г.

On Tuesday, engineers at Northrop Grumman's facility in Elkton, Maryland successfully conducted the third and final test of the attitude control motor (ACM) that provides steering for the Launch Abort System (LAS) on NASA's Orion spacecraft, qualifying the motor for Artemis II, Orion's first mission with astronauts. The LAS, consisting of three solid rocket motors, is designed to carry crew to safety in the event of an emergency during launch or ascent atop the agency's Space Launch System rocket. During the 30-second test, eight high pressure valves directed more than 7,000 pounds of thrust in multiple directions while firing at freezing conditions. All three motors on the LAS will be qualified for crewed flights ahead of Artemis II, another step that brings NASA closer to sending the first woman and next man to the Moon by 2024.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhwbxAmOZzghttps://www.youtube.com/embed/vhwbxAmOZzg (0:46)

tnt22

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/fired-up-final-test-of-orion-motor-critical-to-astronaut-safety-a-spectacular-success
ЦитатаFeb. 26, 2020

Fired Up! Final Test of Orion Motor Critical to Astronaut Safety a Spectacular Success

When NASA astronauts blast off for their voyage to the Moon on the Orion spacecraft during Artemis missions, they'll have protection in the form of the launch abort system (LAS). The LAS is designed to carry crew to safety in the event of an emergency during launch or ascent atop the agency's Space Launch System rocket.

On Feb. 25, NASA successfully tested the attitude control motor (ACM), which is built by Northrop Grumman and provides steering for Orion's LAS during an abort, at the company's facility in Elkton, Maryland. The 30-second hot fire was the third and final test to qualify the motor for human missions, beginning with Artemis II.

During the test, eight high pressure valves directed more than 7,000 pounds of thrust generated by the solid rocket motor in multiple directions while firing at freezing conditions, providing enough force to orient Orion and its crew for a safe landing.

The LAS consists of three solid rocket motors: the abort motor pulls the crew module away from the launch vehicle; the ACM steers and orients the capsule; then the jettison motor ignites to separate the LAS from Orion prior to parachute deployment and to ensure a safe crew landing. Last year, NASA demonstrated the LAS in a full-stress test known as Ascent Abort-2. During the test, a booster sent a representative Orion to an altitude of 31,000 feet to demonstrate the motors system worked as planned during the point of launch when the spacecraft experiences the greatest aerodynamic forces. In 2010, NASA tested the LAS' functionality in Pad Abort-1, a test that showed the motors can work if there's a problem on the pad before the rocket launches. These tests serve to assess and refine many of the systems critical to the safety of astronauts who will travel in Orion.

NASA has qualified the jettison motor, and has completed two of the three tests to qualify the abort motor. All three motors on the LAS will be qualified for crewed flights following the final abort motor test ahead of Artemis II, another step that brings NASA and Orion closer to sending the first woman and next man to the Moon by 2024.

Last Updated: Feb. 26, 2020
Editor: Aimee Crane

tnt22

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/orion-spacecraft-for-artemis-i-is-put-to-the-test-at-nasa-s-plum-brook-station
ЦитатаMarch 11, 2020

Orion spacecraft for Artemis I is put to the test at NASA's Plum Brook Station



The Orion spacecraft, consisting of the crew module and European-built service module, has undergone more than three months of testing at NASA's Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio, where it was subjected to the extreme temperatures and electromagnetic environment it will experience in the vacuum of space during Artemis missions.

In late-March, Orion will be transported by NASA's Super Guppy aircraft back to Kennedy Space Center in Florida for final testing and processing, including integration with the Space Launch System rocket. Orion is a key component of Artemis I, an uncrewed test flight around the Moon that will land the first woman and next man on the lunar surface by 2024. NASA will then use what it learns on the Moon to prepare to send humans to Mars.

Last Updated: March 11, 2020
Editor: Aimee Crane

tnt22

Jim Bridenstine‏ @JimBridenstine 12 ч. назад

ЦитатаTo the Moon! The @NASA_Orion spacecraft has completed rigorous testing at @NASAglenn Plum Brook Station in Ohio! It will soon be flying back to @NASA_Kennedy via the Super Guppy for integration with the @NASA_SLS rocket for its first #Artemis flight around the Moon.


tnt22

Цитата Orion Spacecraft @NASA_Orion 13 ч. назад

.@NASA and @USNavy Landing and Recovery team practice securing a test version of Orion into the well deck of a ship off the coast of California.


tnt22

https://blogs.nasa.gov/bridenstine/2020/03/19/update-on-nasas-response-to-coronavirus/
ЦитатаUpdate on NASA's Response to Coronavirus

Jim Bridenstine
Posted Mar 19, 2020 at 6:43 pm


NASA leadership is determined to make the health and safety of its workforce its top priority as we navigate the coronavirus (COVID-19) situation. To that end, the agency's Michoud Assembly Facility and Stennis Space Center are moving to Stage 4 of the NASA Response Framework, effective Friday, March 20.

The change at Stennis was made due to the rising number of COVID-19 cases in the community around the center, the number of self-isolation cases within our workforce there, and one confirmed case among our Stennis team. While there are no confirmed cases at Michoud, the facility is moving to Stage 4 due to the rising number of COVID-19 cases in the local area, in accordance with local and federal guidelines.

Mandatory telework is in effect for NASA personnel at both facilities until further notice. Additionally, all travel is suspended. These measures are being taken to help slow the transmission of COVID-19 and protect our communities.

Access to Stennis and Michoud will be limited to personnel required to maintain the safety and security of the center, as approved by agency leadership and the resident agencies. All previously approved exceptions for onsite work are rescinded and new approvals will be required in order to gain access to the center.

NASA will temporarily suspend production and testing of Space Launch System and Orion hardware. The NASA and contractors teams will complete an orderly shutdown that puts all hardware in a safe condition until work can resume. Once this is complete, personnel allowed onsite will be limited to those needed to protect life and critical infrastructure.

We realize there will be impacts to NASA missions, but as our teams work to analyze the full picture and reduce risks we understand that our top priority is the health and safety of the NASA workforce.

I ask all members of the NASA workforce to stay in close contact with your supervisor and check the NASA People website regularly for updates. Also, in these difficult times, do not hesitate to reach out to the NASA Employee Assistance Program, if needed.

I will continue to say, so none of us forget - there is no team better prepared for doing hard things. Take care of yourself, your family, and your NASA team.

Ad astra,
Jim

tnt22

https://tass.ru/kosmos/8032095
Цитата20 МАР, 05:44
NASA приостанавливает работу над ракетой и кораблем для полета на Луну из-за коронавируса
У одного из сотрудников Космического центра им. Джона Стенниса было выявлено заражение коронавирусом

ВАШИНГТОН, 20 марта. /ТАСС/. Национальное управление по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства США (NASA) приняло решение приостановить работу над ракетой-носителем SLS (Space Launch System) и кораблем Orion в Космическом центре им. Джона Стенниса в штате Миссисипи и центре сборки "Мишуд" в штате Луизиана из-за распространения нового коронавируса. Об этом говорится в опубликованном в четверг заявлении директора космического ведомства Джеймса Брайденстайна.

"Руководство NASA нацелено на то, чтобы сделать здоровье и безопасность своих работников главным приоритетом в условиях ситуации с коронавирусом. Для этого с пятницы, 20 марта, мы вводим в сборочном центре "Мишуд" и Космическом центре им. Джона Стенниса четвертый уровень мер безопасности (закрытие объектов и перевод работников на удаленную работу - прим. ТАСС)", - отмечается в документе.

В обоих центрах велись работы по созданию ракеты-носителя и корабля для американской лунной программы. "NASA временно приостановит производство и испытания оборудования Space Launch System и Orion", - сообщил Брайденстайн. "Эти меры были приняли для того, чтобы замедлить передачу [вируса]... и защитить наши сообщества", - добавил он.

Космическое ведомство отмечает, что причиной послужило то, что у одного из сотрудников Космического центра им. Джона Стенниса было выявлено заражение коронавирусом, при этом в районе расположения обоих объектов также растет число заболевших, хотя среди работников центра "Мишуд" подтвержденных случаев заражения пока не было.

NASA весной 2019 года объявило, что новая американская программа освоения Луны получила название Artemis. Она будет состоять из трех этапов. Первый из них (Artemis 1) предусматривает непилотируемый полет установленного на ракету SLS корабля Orion вокруг Луны и его возвращение на Землю, он запланирован на вторую половину 2020 года. Второй этап (Artemis 2) - облет естественного спутника Земли с экипажем на борту - намечен на 2022 год. На третьем этапе миссии (Artemis 3) NASA рассчитывает осуществить высадку астронавтов на Луну в 2024 году и отправить их к Марсу ориентировочно в середине 2030-х годов.

tnt22

Цитата NASA's Exploration Ground Systems‏ @NASAGroundSys 4 ч. назад

Underway Recovery Test 8 (URT-8) Day 3 Photos: NASA's Landing & Recovery team secured a test version of @NASA_Orion into the well deck of a Navy ship. EGS ensured recovery timelines are validated to send #Artemis I around the Moon and splashdown in the Pacific Ocean.






48 мин. назад

March 2020 - Underway Recovery Test-8 Highlights. Teams worked with a test version of @NASA_Orion on the Pacific Ocean in practice to recover astronauts NASA will send on #Artemis I around the Moon with splashdown off the coast of California.

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1241037111383506945/pu/vid/1280x720/dzAICLUU1zBgDgQ8.mp4 (1:01)

tnt22

https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-leadership-assessing-mission-impacts-of-coronavirus
ЦитатаMarch 21, 2020
RELEASE 20-031

NASA Leadership Assessing Mission Impacts of Coronavirus

To protect the health and safety of the NASA workforce as the nation responds to coronavirus (COVID-19), agency leadership recently completed the first assessment of work underway across all missions, projects, and programs. The goal was to identify tasks that can be done remotely by employees at home, mission-essential work that must be performed on-site, and on-site work that will be paused.

"We are going to take care of our people. That's our first priority," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "Technology allows us to do a lot of what we need to do remotely, but, where hands-on work is required, it is difficult or impossible to comply with CDC guidelines while processing spaceflight hardware, and where we can't safely do that we're going to have to suspend work and focus on the mission critical activities."

The agency has defined mission-essential work as that which must be performed to maintain critical mission operations to ensure the schedule of time-sensitive mission-critical launches, or work to protect life and critical infrastructure. This includes work to support America's national security and mission-essential functions for the nation. NASA leadership will continually assess all activities as the situation evolves.
...
Work on the agency's Artemis program continues with limited production of hardware and software for NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket. SLS and Orion manufacturing and testing activities at NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility and Stennis Space Center are temporarily on hold. The Artemis 1 Orion spacecraft will be shipped fr om the agency's Glenn Research Center to its Kennedy Space Center wh ere it eventually will be attached on top of SLS for the Artemis I lunar mission. Assembly and processing work is continuing on the Artemis II Orion spacecraft at Kennedy.
...
Last Updated: March 21, 2020
Editor: Karen Northon

tnt22

Цитата Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight 1 ч. назад

That's the Artemis-1 Orion convoy heading to the airport following testing at NASA Glenn. Orion is returning to KSC on a Super Guppy for additional tests ahead of a ride on SLS and a trip around the Moon - hopefully in 2021.
Цитата Nicole Smith‏ @SpaceGirl2376 3 ч. назад


tnt22

Цитата Mark Kirasich‏ @MarkKirasich 12 мин. назад

The #Artemis I @NASA_Orion is loaded onto the Super Guppy in Ohio, ready to travel to @NASAKennedy!




tnt22

Цитата Orion Spacecraft✔@NASA_Orion 3:44 PM - Mar 25, 2020

Goodbye Ohio! @NASA's Super Guppy airplane carrying the #Artemis I Orion spacecraft has departed Mansfield Lahm Airport. We're returning to @NASAKennedy  for final assembly and launch integration.




Mark Kirasich@MarkKirasich 4:04 PM - Mar 25, 2020

Thanks to the hardworking people at @NASAglenn and Plum Brook for taking such good care of us for 4 months.  Now we're on the way home for final preparations prior to our first trip to the Moon.




NASA Glenn Research✔@NASAglenn 5:25 PM - Mar 25, 2020

So long @NASA_Orion! Testing at Plum Brook Station was a success and the spacecraft returns to @NASAKennedy today to begin integration for the #Artemis I mission. @NASAglenn is proud to support America's return to the Moon !
More photos from the tests: https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaglenn/albums/72157710786669992 ...




tnt22

Цитата NASA's Kennedy Space Center ✔@NASAKennedy 10:21 PM - Mar 25, 2020

Thanks for the delivery @NASAglenn!

The Super Guppy aircraft with the @NASA_Orion spacecraft for @NASA's first #Artemis mission has arrived. The capsule will now undergo final preparations before launch. Learn about Orion's mission around the Moon: http://nasa.gov/artemis

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1242894062832758786/pu/vid/720x744/oK8sSoH2hktJ5Ama.mp4 (0:07)


Mark Kirasich @MarkKirasich 10:39 PM - Mar 25, 2020

Welcome back to Florida, @NASA_Orion!