Новости МКС

Автор ДмитрийК, 22.12.2005 10:58:03

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tnt22

https://tass.ru/kosmos/9103913

Цитата2 АВГ, 02:39 Обновлено 02:58
Crew Dragon отстыковался от МКС
Приводнение корабля состоится у берегов штата Флорида

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, 2 августа. /ТАСС/. Американский космический корабль Crew Dragon с астронавтами Дагласом Хёрли и Робертом Бенкеном отстыковался от Международной космической станции (МКС) в субботу в 19:35 по времени восточного побережья США (02:35 мск 2 августа). Трансляция ведется на сайте Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA).

Приводнение корабля у берегов штата Флорида запланировано в воскресенье на 14:42 (21:42 мск). Как отметил ранее на брифинге менеджер коммерческой программы полетов Стив Стич, место посадки зависит от погодных условий. При этом будут учитываться такие параметры, как высота волн, сила ветра, отсутствие осадков или грозового фронта, видимость и возможности для полетов вертолетов поисково-спасательных групп.

tnt22


tnt22

ЦитатаSpaceX Demo-2: Crew Dragon Undocking

SciNews

1 авг. 2020 г.

youtu.be/-2OYg3KvL00

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2OYg3KvL00 (5:47)

tnt22

02.08.2020 03:27:13 #25523 Последнее редактирование: 02.08.2020 03:32:36 от tnt22
Цитата Chris Cassidy @Astro_SEAL 13 мин

This photo captured one of thrusters burning seconds after the hooks were released and physical separation from the @Space_Station. It has been a pleasure and honor to serve on the ISS with @AstroBehnken & @Astro_Doug. Safe return to earth my friends! #LaunchAmerica
#LandAmerica



tnt22

2-й импульс увода выполнен

tnt22

02.08.2020 03:35:08 #25525 Последнее редактирование: 02.08.2020 03:36:58 от tnt22
Цитата Chris B - NSF @NASASpaceflight 2 мин. назад

45 mins to the final departure burn.


tnt22

3-й импульс увода выполнен

tnt22

02.08.2020 04:17:07 #25527 Последнее редактирование: 02.08.2020 04:19:33 от tnt22
Цитата Chris B - NSF @NASASpaceflight 14 с

Final Departure Burn. 42 seconds. Nominal burn complete.

Good job Endeavour. Just phasing burns before the big one - the deorbit burn, tomorrow.
https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1289731767130296320/pu/vid/1144x640/eKtqqXQVb_ZBkWrQ.mp4 (0:59)

tnt22

Конфигурация МКС по состоянию на 00:00 UTC 02.08.2020


tnt22

Запись трансляции возвращения экипажа CD DM-2 на Землю - ч. 1 (НАСА)

ЦитатаNASA Astronauts Return Home in SpaceX's Crew Dragon Spacecraft

  NASA
Трансляция началась 16 часов назад

youtu.be/13OkD0C_TWU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13OkD0C_TWU (6:07:28)

tnt22

Запись трансляции SpaceX

ЦитатаCrew Demo-2 Departure
Доступ по ссылке

SpaceX

Трансляция началась 20 часов назад

youtu.be/sl2jo1bSxl8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sl2jo1bSxl8 (6:31:18)

tnt22

ЦитатаSpaceX Crew Dragon Demo-2 Undocks from the International Space Station

 NASA Video

1 авг. 2020 г.

youtu.be/bIraXAtdQlk

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bIraXAtdQlk (11:10)

tnt22

Цитата Col. Doug Hurley @Astro_Doug 17 ч. назад

It was an honor and privilege to be part of Expedition 63. Thanks to @Astro_SEAL, Anatoly, & @ivan_mks63 for making our stay on @Space_Station an incredible experience. Now it's time to finish our DM-2 test flight in order to pave the way for future Dragon crews. Go Endeavour!

tnt22

Цитата Ivan Vagner @ivan_mks63 5 ч. назад

Прошедшей ночью корабль #CrewDragon отстыковался от #МКС. Расстыковка была на ночной стороне, и мы могли наблюдать импульсы двигателей ориентации. Это было красиво!

К сожалению, сами импульсы снять не успел, корабль довольно быстро ушел вверх относительно станции.





5 ч. назад

Last night #CrewDragon spacecraft undocked from the #ISS. The undocking took place at the nightside, so we could watch the maneuvering engines work and that was beautiful!

Unfortunately, I didn't manage to capture the impulses, as the spacecraft quickly moved upwards.



tnt22

https://tass.ru/kosmos/9106417

Цитата3 АВГ, 04:43
Астронавты Хёрли и Бенкен назвали суперкомандой экипаж МКС
Они находились на борту станции с 31 мая вместе с астронавтом NASA Крисом Кэссиди и российскими космонавтами Анатолием Иванишиным и Иваном Вагнером

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, 3 августа. /ТАСС/. Американские астронавты Даглас Хёрли и Роберт Бенкен, вернувшиеся на Землю на космическом корабле Crew Dragon, назвали экипаж Международной космической станции (МКС) суперкомандой. С такими словами они выступили в воскресенье по прибытии в Центр космических полетов имени Джонсона в Хьюстоне (штат Техас), куда они были доставлены самолетом с авиабазы американских ВМС Пенсакола в штате Флорида.

С 31 мая астронавты находились на борту МКС вместе с астронавтом Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) Крисом Кэссиди и российскими космонавтами Анатолием Иванишиным и Иваном Вагнером. "Как уже сказал Даг, нам была предоставлена роскошная возможность попасть в суперкоманду на борту МКС с Крисом Кэссиди, Анатолием и Иваном, - сказал Бенкен - Они проявили настоящую заботу о нас". "Я даже не могу себе представить, что еще Крис мог бы подготовить к нашему прибытию", - отметил он.

Хёрли в свою очередь поблагодарил руководство американского космического ведомства, а также главу компании SpaceX Илона Маска. "Оказаться сейчас здесь, выполнив первый полет на Dragon, - это просто невероятно", - указал он, отметив также, что поприветствовать астронавтов, несмотря на пандемию нового коронавируса, собралось большое количество людей.

"Я думаю, что этому может порадоваться весь мир, это можно считать за достижение человечества", - указал в свою очередь Маск. "В наши дни появляется не так много хороших новостей, и это одна из тех вещей, которым можно порадоваться вне зависимости от того, в какой точке планеты вы живете. Надеюсь, мы раскрасили ваш день", - подчеркнул основатель SpaceX.

Возвращение Crew Dragon
 Скрытый текст:
В минувшую субботу Crew Dragon в автоматическом режиме отстыковался от МКС, а в воскресенье в 14:48 по времени восточного побережья США (21:48 мск) совершил посадку на воду в Мексиканском заливе неподалеку от побережья штата Флорида. Последний раз приводнение американских аппаратов было осуществлено в 1975 году, когда американский модуль Apollo вернулся на Землю после участия в экспериментальном совместном полете с советским кораблем "Союз-19" в рамках программы "Союз-Аполлон".

Корабль Crew Dragon, выведенный на орбиту ракетой-носителем Falcon 9 30 мая, пристыковался в автоматическом режиме к МКС 31 мая. Он представляет собой модификацию грузового корабля Dragon, который уже доставляет туда грузы. Хёрли и Бенкен присвоили ему название Endeavour по аналогии с кораблем программы Space Shuttle, на котором оба астронавта выполняли свои первые космические полеты.

Запуск Crew Dragon стал первым за девять лет пилотируемым полетом, осуществляемым с территории США на космическом корабле местного производства. NASA прекратило их в 2011 году. С тех пор астронавты доставлялись на МКС российскими "Союзами". Первоначально предполагалось, что американские коммерческие корабли начнут осуществлять пилотируемые полеты в 2017 году.

tnt22

ЦитатаNASA's SpaceX DM-2 Mission Highlights

 NASA Johnson

3 авг. 2020 г.

youtu.be/iaeNBjIoPa8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaeNBjIoPa8 (59:51)

tnt22

https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-astronauts-safely-splash-down-after-first-commercial-crew-flight-to-space-station


ЦитатаAug. 2, 2020
RELEASE 20-078

NASA Astronauts Safely Splash Down after First Commercial Crew Flight to Space Station


SpaceX's Crew Dragon, carrying NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley, splashes down in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Pensacola, Florida at 2:48 p.m. EDT Aug. 2, 2020, where the spacecraft is recovered by SpaceX and brought aboard the recovery ship 'Go Navigator.'
Credits: NASA Television


Two NASA astronauts splashed down safely in the Gulf of Mexico Sunday for the first time in a commercially built and operated American crew spacecraft, returning from the International Space Station to complete a test flight that marks a new era in human spaceflight.

SpaceX's Crew Dragon, carrying Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley, splashed down under parachutes in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Pensacola, Florida at 2:48 p.m. EDT Sunday and was successfully recovered by SpaceX. After returning to shore, the astronauts immediately will fly back to Houston.

"Welcome home, Bob and Doug! Congratulations to the NASA and SpaceX teams for the incredible work to make this test flight possible," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "It's a testament to what we can accomplish when we work together to do something once thought impossible. Partners are key to how we go farther than ever before and take the next steps on daring missions to the Moon and Mars."

Behnken and Hurley's return was the first splashdown for American astronauts since Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, and Donald "Deke" Slayton landed in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Hawaii on July 24, 1975, at the end of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.

NASA's SpaceX Demo-2 test flight launched May 30 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. After reaching orbit, Behnken and Hurley named their Crew Dragon spacecraft "Endeavour" as a tribute to the first space shuttle each astronaut had flown aboard.

Nearly 19 hours later, Crew Dragon docked to the forward port of the International Space Station's Harmony module May 31.

"On behalf of all SpaceX employees, thank you to NASA for the opportunity to return human spaceflight to the United States by flying NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley," said SpaceX President and Chief Operating Officer Gwynne Shotwell. "Congratulations to the entire SpaceX and NASA team on such an extraordinary mission. We could not be more proud to see Bob and Doug safely back home--we all appreciate their dedication to this mission and helping us start the journey towards carrying people regularly to low Earth orbit and on to the Moon and Mars. And I really hope they enjoyed the ride!"

Behnken and Hurley participated in a number of scientific experiments, spacewalks and public engagement events during their 62 days aboard station. Overall, the astronaut duo spent 64 days in orbit, completed 1,024 orbits around Earth and traveled 27,147,284 statute miles.

The astronauts contributed more than 100 hours of time to supporting the orbiting laboratory's investigations. Hurley conducted the Droplet Formation Study inside of the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG), which evaluates water droplet formation and water flow. Hurley also conducted the Capillary Structures investigation, which studies the use of different structures and containers to manage fluids and gases.

Hurley and Behnken worked on numerous sample switch outs for the Electrolysis Measurement (EM) experiment, which looks at bubbles created using electrolysis and has implications for numerous electrochemical reactions and devices. Both crew members also contributed images to the Crew Earth Observations (CEO) study. CEO images help record how our planet is changing over time, from human-caused changes - such as urban growth and reservoir construction - to natural dynamic events, including hurricanes, floods, and volcanic eruptions.

Behnken conducted four spacewalks while on board the space station with Expedition 63 Commander and NASA colleague Chris Cassidy. The duo upgraded two power channels on the far starboard side of the station's truss with new lithium-ion batteries. They also routed power and Ethernet cables, removed H-fixtures that were used for ground processing of the solar arrays prior to their launch, installed a protective storage unit for robotic operations, and removed shields and coverings in preparation for the arrival later this year of the Nanoracks commercial airlock on a SpaceX cargo delivery mission.

Behnken now is tied for most spacewalks by an American astronaut with Michael Lopez-Alegria, Peggy Whitson, and Chris Cassidy, each of whom has completed 10 spacewalks. Behnken now has spent a total of 61 hours and 10 minutes spacewalking, which makes him the U.S. astronaut with the third most total time spacewalking, behind Lopez-Alegria and Andrew Feustel, and the fourth most overall.

The Demo-2 test flight is part of NASA's Commercial Crew Program, which has worked with the U.S. aerospace industry to launch astronauts on American rockets and spacecraft from American soil to the space station for the first time since 2011. This is SpaceX's final test flight and is providing data on the performance of the Falcon 9 rocket, Crew Dragon spacecraft and ground systems, as well as in-orbit, docking, splashdown, and recovery operations. 

Crew Dragon Endeavour will return back to SpaceX's Dragon Lair in Florida for inspection and processing. Teams will examine the spacecraft's data and performance from throughout the test flight. The completion of Demo-2 and the review of the mission and spacecraft pave the way for NASA to certify SpaceX's crew transportation system for regular flights carrying astronauts to and from the space station. SpaceX is readying the hardware for the first rotational mission, called Crew-1, later this year. This mission would occur after NASA certification, which is expected to take about six weeks.

The goal of NASA's Commercial Crew Program is safe, reliable and cost-effective transportation to and from the International Space Station. This could allow for additional research time and increase the opportunity for discovery aboard humanity's testbed for exploration, including helping us prepare for human exploration of the Moon and Mars.

-end-

Last Updated: Aug. 3, 2020
Editor: Karen Northon

tnt22

https://blogs.nasa.gov/stationreport/2020/07/31/iss-daily-summary-report-7312020/

ЦитатаISS Daily Summary Report - 7/31/2020

BioMole:
 Скрытый текст:
The crew performed BioMole part 3 of the science session, which consists of preparation of the previously amplified DNA (DeoxyriboNucleic Acid), followed by sequencing using the MinION. The BioMole Facility non-culture based samples are capable of providing microbial identification on-orbit within days of sampling. The goal of this tech demonstration is to conduct comparative analysis for possible replacement of current microbial monitoring systems.
Droplet Formation Study (DFS):
 Скрытый текст:
The crew performed the setup and initiation of recording for additional runs of the DFS investigation. Data will be archived by an alternate method which will actually result in a quicker delivery time to the experiment team. Droplet Formation Studies in Microgravity (Droplet Formation Study, or more simply DFS) evaluates water droplet formation and water flow of Delta Faucet's H2Okinetic shower head technology.  To conserve water, flow rates in shower devices have been reduced, but this lower flow rate also reduces the effectiveness of these devices and often causes consumers to take longer showers, undermining the goal of using less water. Gravity's full effects on formation of water droplet size are unknown, and research in microgravity could help improve the technology, creating better performance and improved user experience while conserving water and energy.
Radi-N2 deploy:
 Скрытый текст:
Following initialization and handover from the Russian crew, all eight bubble detectors were deployed in the US Lab Panel 1S4 location. They will remain in this location for a week to collect data on the neutron radiation environment in that location. The objective of this Canadian Space Agency investigation is to better characterize the ISS neutron environment, define the risk posed to the crew members' health, and provide the data necessary to develop advanced protective measures for future spaceflight. It's been recognized that neutrons make up a significant fraction (10-30%) of the biologically effective radiation exposure in low-Earth orbit. The bubble detectors used in the investigation are designed detect neutrons and ignore all other radiation.
On-Board Training (OBT) Crew Dragon Depart Review:
 Скрытый текст:
In preparation for their departure from ISS, the crew completed this proficiency training covering the departure profile, crew procedures, interfaces, nominal and off-nominal actions. SpaceX Demo-2 is currently planned for undock on Saturday, August 1 at 6:34 pm CT with splashdown on Sunday, August 2 at 2:42 pm CT.
Cabin Fan Assembly 1 (CFA1) R&R Closeout Operations:
 Скрытый текст:
Today the crew completed the final closeout activities after successfully installing the new cabin fan in the CO1D1 rack yesterday. As part of closeout, the crew installed the vacuum and vent hose, the high speed camera and the Electromagnetic Levitation (EML) sample chamber back into the experiment module. The R&R activity required approximately a half hour to perform but equipment had to be removed to allow rack tilting to access the fan. The suite of activities was subdivided across three consecutive days.
Crew Dragon Prepack Transfer:
 Скрытый текст:
The crew continued to perform Dragon cargo transfer operations. Ground teams estimate approximately 1 hour remains to complete available cargo ops. The remaining time will be performed per dedicated activities on undock day.

tnt22

https://blogs.nasa.gov/spacestation/2020/08/03/crew-dragon-returns-as-spacex-russia-prep-future-crew-missions/

ЦитатаCrew Dragon Returns as SpaceX, Russia Prep Future Crew Missions

Mark Garcia
Posted Aug 3, 2020 at 11:52 am



The SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft with astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley onboard splashed down in the Gulf of Mexico on Sunday, Aug. 2, 2020. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

Three humans are orbiting Earth today aboard the International Space Station following the return on Sunday of NASA's first commercial crew.

Expedition 63 Commander Chris Cassidy and Flight Engineers Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner will stay in space until October. The orbital trio are continuing critical space research benefitting humans on and off the Earth as well as maintaining the orbital lab.

Back on Earth, NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken are adapting to Earth's gravity following a two-month mission on the station. Representing NASA's Commercial Crew Program, duo is the first crew to launch to space and splashdown on Earth inside the SpaceX Crew Dragon vehicle.

SpaceX has completed its demonstration mission phase and has already booked two operational Crew Dragon missions. Crew-1 is planned for later this year and Crew-2 is targeted for Spring 2021. Both commercial crew missions will launch four astronauts each to the space station to continue microgravity science.

Russia will launch three Expedition 64 crew members to the station one week before the Expedition 63 crew returns to Earth in October. NASA astronaut Kate Rubins and cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov will liftoff inside the Soyuz MS-17 crew ship to begin a six-month mission aboard the orbital lab.

tnt22

https://blogs.nasa.gov/stationreport/2020/08/03/iss-daily-summary-report-8032020/

ЦитатаISS Daily Summary Report - 8/03/2020

Crew Dragon Return:
 Скрытый текст:
SpaceX Demo-2 undocked from the ISS on Saturday, August 1st. The Crew Dragon vehicle splashed down safely in the Gulf of Mexico on Sunday, August 2nd at 1:48pm CT. The Demo-2 crew spent 9 weeks aboard the ISS performing maintenance and payloads activities during this time. The crew completed approximately 100 hours of utilization while performing technical demonstrations and checkouts of the Dragon vehicle.
Electromagnetic Levitator (EML):
 Скрытый текст:
The crew closed the helium gas valve and opened the argon gas valve on the EML (ElectroMagnetic Levitator). The also reconfigured other EML valves to support a leak check following the hardware removal/installation last week. The ground team reports the test is going well so far. The EML is a 360 kg multi-user facility designed for container-less materials processing in space. It supports research in the areas of meta-stable states and phases along with the measurement of highly accurate thermophysical properties of liquid metallic alloys at high temperatures. EML can accommodate up to 18 samples, each 5 to 8 mm in size. Heating rates of up to 100 Kelvin per second can be achieved with a maximum temperature of 2,100°C.
Plasma Kristal-4:
 Скрытый текст:
The crew removed the Ultra Bay Adapter of the PK4 Video Monitor and inserted the Floppy disk. PK-4 is a scientific collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos), performing research in the field of "Complex Plasmas": low temperature gaseous mixtures composed of ionized gas, neutral gas, and micron-sized particles. The micro-particles become highly charged in the plasma and interact strongly with each other, which can lead to a self-organized structure of the micro-particles: so-called plasma crystals. PK-4 aims to study transport properties, thermodynamics, kinetics and statistical physics, dynamical processes, and instabilities in complex plasmas.
In Flight Maintenance (IFM) Node 1 Filter Remove and Replace (R&R):
 Скрытый текст:
Today, the crew removed Charcoal Filters in Node 1 and replaced them with Charcoal HEPA Integrated Particle Scrubber (CHIPS) filters. The charcoal filters were originally swapped last month to mitigate benzene levels in the ISS. The ground team was concerned over time the charcoal portion of the CHIPS filter had absorbed benzene potentially causing other compounds to push the benzene off the filters contributing to an elevated benzene level.