Radarsat C-1, Radarsat С-2, Radarsat С-3 - Falcon 9 - Vandenberg SLC-4E - NET 02.2019

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ЦитатаCanada's next-generation RADARSAT satellite constellation successfully launches to space
From: Canadian Space Agency

News release

The trio of satellites will provide critical data on Canada from space for Canadian researchers and government

June 12, 2019 - Longueuil, Quebec

Canada's RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) was launched successfully into space aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket at 10:17 a.m. Eastern time from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

The constellation of three satellites will provide daily images of Canada's vast territory and maritime approaches, as well as images of the Arctic, up to four times a day. It will have daily access to 90 per cent of the world's surface. The RCM is also equipped with an Automatic Identification System (AIS), allowing improved detection and tracking of ships, including those conducting illegal fishing.

For more than two decades, Canada's world-leading RADARSAT satellites have been providing scientists, government and industry with crucial and continuous data for a wide variety of uses. The RCM will provide a transformational new capability that will be used by researchers to develop solutions to help better understand our planet and by governments to deliver enhanced and reliable services to Canadians.
 Скрытый текст:
RCM data will be used in innovative applications that benefit Canadians, including:
  • Monitoring climate change, land use evolution and even human impacts on the environment by highlighting changes over time through composite images.
  • Detecting and tracking ships, including those conducting illegal fishing, and helping emergency teams save lives during natural disasters.
  • Creating ice maps for safer ship navigation and commercial maritime transportation.
  • Monitoring the integrity of infrastructure like highways, bridges and railway corridors.
  • Measuring changes in permafrost and ground movement to support northern communities, build houses and infrastructure safely, and plan airport runways and their operation and maintenance.
  • Maximizing crop yields for farmers while reducing energy consumption and the use of potential pollutants.
  • Supporting the operations of the Canadian Armed Forces to further global peace and security.
Цитата"We need high-quality data to make evidence-based decisions. The RADARSAT Constellation Mission will provide improved data for the critical services our government provides to Canadians, including monitoring climate change, protecting the health of our oceans, forests and crops; and supporting our first responders' disaster relief efforts."
- The Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Quick facts

    [/li][li]Businesses, researchers and the public will have access to data and imagery from the RCM, subject to security requirements, to produce value-added products and services. For example, the imagery can be used to monitor changes to Earth's surface and their impacts on economic activity such as agriculture and infrastructure development.

    [/li][li]Twelve federal government departments use RADARSAT data. The RCM required the direct collaboration, among others, of Natural Resources Canada, the Department of National Defence, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Public Safety Canada.

    [/li][li]Over 125 Canadian suppliers in 7 provinces helped build the RCM. The three spacecraft were assembled in the Montreal area by the prime contractor MDA, a Maxar company.

    [/li][li]The RCM will orbit Earth at an altitude of 600 km. Each of the satellites has a life expectancy of 7 years.

    [/li][li]The Government of Canada owns and will operate the RCM. At its peak, the construction of the satellites employed approximately 300 people in some 50 companies across the country.

    Canadian Space Agency
    Media Relations Office
    Telephone: 450-926-4370
    Website: asc-csa.gc.ca
    Email: ASC.Medias-Media.CSA@canada.ca   
    Follow us on social media




    ЦитатаD. Stamos/Helodriver‏ @SpacecoastPix 1 ч. назад

    Well, got chased from the coast by @Marine_layer to the hills, and then got fog chased again from there to some random pasture 15 miles inland, but at least I got to see the launch and return of the #falcon9 with #RADARSAT. Most of it anyway. @NASASpaceflight


    ЦитатаSpaceX Falcon 9 RADARSAT
    30th Space Wing Public Affairs
    June 11, 2019 | 1:12

    Team Vandenberg supported the succesful launch and landing of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the RADARSAT Constellation Mission from Space Launch Complex-4 Wednesday, June 12, at 7:17 a.m. Pacific Time.
    https://cdn.dvidshub.net/media/video/1906/DOD_106891443/DOD_106891443-1920x1080-6221k.mp4https://cdn.dvidshub.net/media/video/1906/DOD_106891443/DOD_106891443-1920x1080-6221k.mp4 (1:12)


    ЦитатаFalcon 9 launch and landing successful
    By 30th Space Wing Public Affairs, 30th Space Wing Public Affairs / Published June 12, 2019

    Team Vandenberg supported the successful launch and landing of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the RADARSAT Constellation Mission from Space Launch Complex 4 Wednesday, June 12, at 7:17 a.m. Pacific Time.

    The first stage of the Falcon 9 rocket landed at Landing Zone 4 approximately eight minutes after liftoff. This was SpaceX's second successful landing at Vandenberg Air Force Base.

    Col. Bob Reeves, 30th Space Wing vice commander, was the space launch commander.

    "Access to space is vital for space superiority," said Reeves. "Team V remains diligent in its efforts to provide robust range capabilities in a safe and efficient manner so our mission partners, like SpaceX, continue to have unfettered access to space. This mission highlights, yet again, our capabilities as a spaceport for the nation."


    ЦитатаD. Stamos/Helodriver‏ @SpacecoastPix 2 ч. назад

    Shot from 15.45 miles NE of the pad to avoid @Marine_layer shrouding the Purisima Hills at the bottom of the frame, a first full daylight streak shot covering ~ 9 minutes from liftoff to 1st stg landing. First and last few seconds lost to fog. Full res in @NASASpaceflight L2.


    ЦитатаJonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 13 мин. назад

    Radarsat RCM 1,2 and 3 cataloged in 584 x 601 km x 97.8 deg sun-synch orbit in the 0600 LTDN orbit plane, confirming successful launch. Falcon 9 stage 2 deorbited E of Hawaii around 1600 UTC after completing one orbit, and was not cataloged.


    ЦитатаSpaceX‏Подлинная учетная запись @SpaceX 4 мин. назад

    Falcon 9 returns to Earth on LZ-4 after launching the RADARSAT Constellation Mission to orbit - SpaceX's 2nd West Coast land landing


    ЦитатаThree Canadian radar surveillance satellites ride SpaceX rocket into orbit
    June 12, 2019Stephen Clark

    A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket emerges fr om a shroud of fog seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Credit: SpaceX

    A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket fired through a dense shroud of coastal fog and climbed into orbit Wednesday from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, deploying a trio of radar observation satellites to begin a $900 million mission surveying the Arctic, maritime waters, forests and farmland for the Canadian government.

    The Radarsat Constellation Mission, made up of three identical Earth-observing satellites, is led by the Canadian Space Agency, and is one of the most expensive missions in the history of the country's space program.

    The three Radarsat satellites lifted off from Space Launch Complex 4-East at Vandenberg at 7:17:10 a.m. PDT (10:17:10 a.m. EDT; 1417:10 GMT). Seconds later, the Falcon 9 emerged from a thick blanket of fog as seen from a distant mountaintop tracking camera that provided live views of the rocket's ascent.

    Nine kerosene-fueled Merlin main engines propelled the rocket into the sky with 1.7 million pounds of thrust. But viewing opportunities for spectators, photographers and VIPs gathered at Vandenberg for the launch were thwarted by the dense fog layer hanging over the spaceport on California's Central Coast.

    After turning toward the south over the Pacific Ocean, the Falcon 9's first stage pushed the rocket into the upper atmosphere, then shut down around 2 minutes, 13 seconds, into the mission. The booster separated and reignited a subset of its engines to reverse course and return to Vandenberg.

    The 15-story first stage booster touched down at Landing Zone 4, just a quarter-mile (400 meters) from its launch pad, around eight minutes after liftoff. It was the 41st time SpaceX has successfully landed one of its rocket boosters, and the second rocket return to Vandenberg.

    The first stage that launched Wednesday previously flew on a mission from Florida on March 2 to loft SpaceX's Crew Dragon capsule on its first unpiloted test flight to the International Space Station.

    Meanwhile, the Falcon 9's second stage continued firing its single Merlin engine until eight-and-a-half minutes into the mission. The upper stage shut down, coasted over Antarctica and the Indian Ocean, then briefly reignited its Merlin engine to place the Radarsat satellites into a nearly circular orbit inclined 97.8 degrees to the equator.

    A specially-designed dispenser made by Ruag Space in Sweden engaged a unique tilt mechanism to position the Radarsat satellites for separation from the launcher. The spacecraft, each weighing about 3,150 pounds (1,430 kilograms), deployed from the rocket one-at-a-time.

    A camera on-board the rocket showed the satellites floating into space, and the final spacecraft separated from the Falcon 9 at 8:19 a.m. PDT (11:19 a.m. EDT; 1519 GMT).

    U.S. military tracking data indicated the satellites were flying at an altitude between 361 and 373 miles (581 and 601 kilometers), and Canadian officials said ground teams received initial status signals from all three of the Radarsat spacecraft, confirming their health after Wednesday's successful launch.
     Скрытый текст:

    The first stage of SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket lands at Vandenberg Air Force Base on Wednesday. Credit: SpaceX

    The satellites will extend their flat panel radar antennas, each with an area of about 100 square feet (9.5 square meters), within the first couple of days of the mission, according to MDA, the prime contractor for the Radarsat Constellation Mission. The radars will be powered on for the first time 10 or 11 days after launch, MDA officials said, to begin functional checks and take the first test images.

    The full commissioning and calibration campaign will take three to six months, then the Canadian Space Agency will declare the RCM satellites operational and ready for regular observations, officials said.

    One of the Radarsat Constellation Mission satellites separates from the Falcon 9 rocket. Credit: SpaceX

    More than 125 Canadian companies from seven provinces helped develop and build the three new Radarsat satellites. Canada's new fleet of Earth-observing spacecraft follows Radarsat 1 and Radarsat 2 -- launched in 1995 and 2007 -- and are designed to continue operations of the country's flagship satellite system through at least 2026.

    "It's extremely important for Canada," said Mike Greenley, group president of MDA, in a pre-launch interview with Spaceflight Now.

    The RCM project is costing the Canadian government roughly $900 million (1.2 billion Canadian dollars), including the development of the satellites, the launch, and seven years of planned operations, according to Steve Iris, the RSM mission manager at the Canadian Space Agency.

    That makes RCM one of the most costly Canadian-led space missions in history, and one of the most expensive payloads ever launched by SpaceX.

    Each RCM satellite carries a C-band radar instrument, with a deployable antenna array, transmitters and receivers.

    Unlike optical cameras, radars can see through clouds and make observations day and night. The radar instruments emit signals and measure the waves reflected off Earth's surface, yielding information about structures, ships, forests, ice, and crops.

    "Earth observation is critical, and radar-based Earth observation gives Canada excellent capabiltiy to deal with the sovereignty and security of Canadians," Greenley said.

    A dozen Canadian government agencies, including the military, use Radarsat data. That broad use is expected continue with RCM.

    The three Radarsat Constellation Mission satellites during launch preparations at Vandenberg. Credit: MDA/Canadian Space Agency

    "In addition to our resource-based economy requiring monitoring of our forests, mining, energy, and agricultural industries, our northern latitudes that are sensitive to climate change gain from space-based radar systems that can observe the Earth day and night in any weather conditions," said Magdalena Wierus, a project management engineer on the Radarsat Constellation Mission at the Canadian Space Agency.

    Most of Canada's long coastline is located in remote regions of the Arctic, away from terrestrial observation posts.

    "We have a large part of the northern part of Canada that has a low-density population, and there's not a lot of infrastructure there to do monitoring, and that's wh ere there is the most impact from climate change, especially on the permafrost," Iris said in a pre-launch press conference. "So with the constellation mission, we'll be able to monitor that region every day, and monitor subtle changes like ground deformation due to permafrost melting. We'll be able to do that four times a day, which is a big advantage compared to what we do now."

    When observing in spotlight mode, each of the three RCM satellites has a best resolution of 1 meter (3.3 feet) in azimuth, and 3 meters (9.8 feet) in range. That is comparable to Radarsat 2's imaging power.

    But with three satellites, RCM can cover more territory.

    "It's a three-satellite mission, each orbiting the Earth, evenly spaced, every 96 minutes at an altitude of approximately 600 kilometers (373 miles)," Wierus said. "One of the main improvements of the constellation is that together they're able to ensure an exact revisit of a point on the Earth every four days, compared to Radarsat 2, which had an exact revisit of every 24 days.

    "Now, why is this important? It's because we can use these images to measure changes in ground movement, for example, which can help us understand what's happening on the Earth better," she said. "The RCM has the capacity to image any given location on 90 percent of the Earth's surface daily, but will be primarily imaging Canadian territory."

    Artist's concept of the Radarsat Constellation Mission in orbit, with their radar antennas deployed. Credit: MDA

    Along with maritime surveillance and environmental monitoring, the RCM satellites will track the movement of icebergs and the retreat and growth of glaciers and ice sheets. The observation satellites will also monitor natural disasters, such as floods, and detect water pollution.

    "The main request of government users was to have daily coverage of the Canadian land mass and maritime approaches, including images of the Arctic four times a day," Wierus said. "RCM is able to cover all of the regions of Canada within a 24-hour period, which was not possible with Radarsat 2."

    Wierus said the Canadian Space Agency is examining ways to distribute data collected by the Radarsat Constellation Mission outside the Canadian government, allowing international scientists, corporations and the public to access RCM's imagery.

    Besides the radar imaging sensor, each RCM spacecraft hosts a radio receiver to collect identification messages transmitted by maritime vessels.

    "Overlaid on top of the radar images this can help pinpoint ships that may be in trouble, or rogue ships that do not want to be found," Wierus said.

    According to Greenley, MDA is supporting the Canadian government in the development of an open data access policy for RCM. Radarsat 2, which is still operational, is a commercial satellite that was partially funded by the Canadian government, with additional private sector investment from MDA, now part of Maxar.

    MDA owns Radarsat 2, while the Canadian government owns the RCM satellites.

    The Canadian government says it expects to use approximately 250,000 RCM images per year, more than the government's demand for imagery from previous Radarsat missions.

    Wednesday's launch was the seventh SpaceX mission of the year, and the company's second from Vandenberg in 2019. SpaceX teams on Florida's Space Coast are readying a triple-core Falcon Heavy rocket for the company's next launch, set for no earlier than June 24 at 11:30 p.m. EDT (0330 GMT on June 25).

    The Falcon Heavy will take off from pad 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center.

    Another Falcon 9 launch from neighboring Cape Canaveral Air Force Station is scheduled for no earlier than July 21 to loft SpaceX's next Dragon resupply mission to the space station.


    НОРАД определился с объектами запуска


    ЦитатаCanadianSpaceAgency‏Подлинная учетная запись @csa_asc 20 ч. назад

    's space telescope NEOSSat captured this image of the #RCMSatellites on June 15, 3 days after their launch. NEOSSat was flying over Northern Ontario while RCM was above Florida.

    : @DRDC_RDDC


    ЦитатаLaunch of the RADARSAT Constellation Mission

    Canadian Space Agency

    Опубликовано: 2 июл. 2019 г.

    2019-07-02 - This video highlights the launch milestones of Canada's RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM), which took off on June 12, 2019 aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The constellation of three satellites will provide daily images of Canada's vast territory and maritime approaches, as well as images of the Arctic, up to four times a day. It will have daily access to 90 per cent of the world's surface. The RCM is also equipped with an Automatic Identification System (AIS), allowing improved detection and tracking of ships, including those conducting illegal fishing. (Credits: Canadian Space Agency, SpaceX)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gszJYTNtzLohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gszJYTNtzLo (1:20)



    First engineering image captured by the RADARSAT Constellation Mission

    2019-06-29 - One of the RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) satellites captured its very first engineering image of the sea ice in the Strait of Davis and the coast of Baffin Island, Nunavut, including the community of Qikiqtarjuaq, home to about 600 people. This non-calibrated image was acquired on June 29, 2019, at a 100-metre resolution in a low noise ScanSAR mode.

    The RCM is currently in a three- to six-month commissioning phase after being launched to space on June 12, 2019. The trio of satellites will provide daily images of Canada's vast territory and maritime approaches, as well as images of the Arctic. It will have daily access to 90 per cent of the world's surface. The RCM is also equipped with an Automatic Identification System (AIS), allowing safe navigation as well as improved detection and tracking of ships, including those conducting illegal fishing.