NGLS - Next-Generation Launch System от ULA

Автор Salo, 23.02.2015 09:43:06

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Serge V Iz

"Демонстратор" какой-нибудь?


Цитата: Raul от 05.07.2020 15:48:52
Цитата: tnt22 от 01.07.2020 22:33:27Tory Bruno:
Development Pathfinder

А как в нашей терминологии звучит Development Pathfinder?
Цитата: Serge V Iz от 05.07.2020 15:53:30"Демонстратор" какой-нибудь?
Они на этом "демонстраторе" собираются взлетать в 21 году? Или не на нем?
Земля не может, не может не вращаться,
А мур не может, не может не мурчать!

Serge V Iz

Цитата: Raul от 05.07.2020 18:51:05
Цитата: Raul от 05.07.2020 15:48:52
Цитата: tnt22 от 01.07.2020 22:33:27Tory Bruno:
Development Pathfinder

А как в нашей терминологии звучит Development Pathfinder?
Цитата: Serge V Iz от 05.07.2020 15:53:30"Демонстратор" какой-нибудь?
Они на этом "демонстраторе" собираются взлетать в 21 году? Или не на нем?
Если он продемонстрирует все, что им требуется, и быстро, не слишком утрудившись, то почему нет? Они просто скажут "Вот по той же ТД, по какой сделали этот, сделаем и остальные". Тогда проблемы белой вороны просто не будет )


Специалист назвал запуск корабля Crew Dragon пощёчиной Роскосмосу
15:37 ИЮЛЬ 6, 2020
Военный обозреватель газеты «Военно-промышленный курьер» Олег Фаличев также объяснил отказ США от российских двигателей РД-180.
Российский двигатель РД-180 планируется заменить на агрегат BE-4, разработанный компанией United Launch Alliance (ULA). Фаличев отметил, что иностранная установка сконструирована более экономично, чем отечественная.

«Есть разные показатели по тяге, в тяге они немножко проигрывают нам, этот двигатель, но в то же время тяга в космосе такая же. По общим показателям этот двигатель ничем не уступает РД-180, позволяет выводить грузы и людей на орбиты. Если наш двигатель, РД-180, стоит 25 миллионов долларов, то двигатель у американцев, он состоит из нескольких маленьких двигателей, но общая стоимость первой ступени двигательной равна 14 миллионам долларов, это в два раза дешевле, чем у нас».
:o  ;D


Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 10 ч. назад

Now that's what I call an unboxing video! ⁦⁦@blueorigin#BE4 engine at the Rocket Factory in Decatur supporting #VulcanCentaur pathfinding. #CountdowntoVulcan (0:20)


Цитата: undefinedNew fairing for Atlas V is stepping stone to Vulcan Centaur

Jul 13, 2020, 10:19 AM

The Out-of-Autoclave (OoA) fairing is manufactured more efficiently at a lower cost. Photo by RUAG Space

In another example of driving down cost while delivering the launch services our customers expect, ULA is transitioning to a new kind of payload fairing that is more affordable and easier to build. ULA technicians took delivery of the first one recently at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

The Out-of-Autoclave (OoA) fairings will be used on upcoming Atlas V launches to accumulate flight experience before use on Vulcan Centaur, reducing risk for our next-generation rocket. In fact, a significant portion of systems will have flown on Atlas and Delta rockets before its inaugural launch next year.

The first OoA fairing was transported to the launch site by the RocketShip vessel from the RUAG Space USA manufacturing in Decatur, Alabama. It was offloaded from the ship at the Cape Canaveral wharf to begin pre-launch preparations.

RUAG Space formed a strategic partnership with ULA and established production capabilities inside our Decatur plant to make fairings and other composite structures in the U.S. The OoA fairing recently delivered is American-made by RUAG Space USA.

RUAG Space previously manufactured the Atlas V 5.4-meter-diameter payload fairings in Emmen, Switzerland. Those have flown nearly 30 times, all successfully.

The Out-of-Autoclave manufacturing method is an alternative process to cure carbon fiber composites using only an oven. It avoids a high-pressure autoclave that is expensive and restricts the size of pieces that can fit inside.

"Utilizing the OoA manufacturing approach allows for a more efficient production process, lower cost and lower system mass while maintaining the same level of reliability and quality as the heritage in-autoclave composites," said Amanda Bacchetti, ULA's payload accommodations leader for Vulcan Centaur.

The OoA oven allows the payload fairings to be produced in two halves instead of 18 or more smaller sections from the in-autoclave process. That means less opportunities for defects, fewer fasteners and doublers to hold the pieces together and a quicker manufacturing time.

The first OoA fairing halves arrive at Cape Canaveral aboard the RocketShip. Photo by United Launch Alliance

"All that simplification leads to lower costs, higher reliability and less weight, which is an important point in the launch industry," said Robbie Harris, program office manager at RUAG Space USA.

The OoA 5.4-meter fairings for Atlas will continue to be made in different lengths for encapsulating the satellites during ascent through the atmosphere and retain the heritage design that features lower sections, called the base module, that surround the Centaur to share the loads from heavy payloads.

For Vulcan Centaur, however, the fairing will attach to the top of Centaur V and not enclose the upper stage. That will make the production even simpler and more affordable.

"The Vulcan Centaur fairing is a further evolution of the payload fairing design. It will be the same in terms of the Out-of-Autoclave material technology, but RUAG Space and ULA have worked together to eliminate some of the manufacturing steps that need to be taken after the cure," Harris explained.

RUAG Space will also supply Payload Attach Fittings (PAF), Interstage Adapters (ISA), and other composite parts for the Vulcan Centaur rocket using OoA technology.


Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 2 ч. назад

The future of space is coming together.  #VulcanCentaur pad modifications are nearing completion at SLC-41 ahead of first flight in 2021! #CountdownToVulcan.  Moon or bust! (0:23)


ЦитатаGEM 63XL Static Test

 Northrop Grumman

13 авг. 2020 г.

The GEM 63XL underwent its first qualification static test firing at the Promontory, Utah, facility Test Area. (1:42)


ЦитатаNorthrop Grumman Successfully Completes First Qualification Test of New Rocket Motor for United Launch Alliance

New graphite epoxy motors will help launch ULA's Vulcan Centaur rocket beginning in 2021

 August 13, 2020

PROMONTORY, Utah - Aug. 13, 2020 - Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) conducted its first ground test of an extended length 63-inch-diameter Graphite Epoxy Motor (GEM 63XL) today in Promontory, Utah. This variation of the company's GEM 63 strap-on booster was developed in partnership with United Launch Alliance (ULA) to provide additional lift capability to the Vulcan Centaur vehicle.

Northrop Grumman conducted the first test of its GEM 63XL rocket motor to serve the United Launch Alliance Vulcan Centaur on August 13 at its Promontory, Utah, facility.

"Our new GEM 63XL motors leverage its flight-proven heritage while utilizing state-of-the-art manufacturing technology to enhance launch vehicle heavy-lift capabilities," said Charlie Precourt, vice president, propulsion systems, Northrop Grumman. "The GEM 63XL increases thrust and performance by 15-20 percent compared to a standard GEM 63."

During today's static test, the motor fired for approximately 90 seconds, producing nearly 449,000 pounds of thrust to qualify the motor's internal insulation, propellant grain, ballistics and nozzle in a cold-conditioned environment. This test demonstrated materials and technologies similar to the GEM 63 rocket motor that qualified for flight in October 2019.

The GEM 63XL motor being prepared for static test firing in a Test Area test bay.

Northrop Grumman has supplied rocket propulsion to ULA and its heritage companies for a variety of launch vehicles since 1964. The GEM family of strap-on motors was developed starting in the early 1980s with the GEM 40 to support the Delta II launch vehicle. The company then followed with the GEM 46 for the Delta II Heavy, and the GEM 60, which flew 86 motors over 26 Delta IV launches before retiring in 2019 with 100 percent success. The first flight of the GEM 63 motors will be on a ULA Atlas V launch vehicle planned for fourth quarter 2020, and GEM 63XL motors will support the Vulcan rocket in 2021.

A media kit for the ground test can be found here.

Northrop Grumman solves the toughest problems in space, aeronautics, defense and cyberspace to meet the ever evolving needs of our customers worldwide. Our 90,000 employees define possible every day using science, technology and engineering to create and deliver advanced systems, products and services.

ЦитатаСравнение размеров обтекателей нынешних и проектируемых тяжёлых и сверхтяжёлых ракет американских космических компаний
Вам недоступны вложения в этом разделе.
credit: Ken Kirtland IV


Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 19 мин. назад

Yes.  We had sold 8 Vulcans in commercial procurements earlier, and have now sold Vulcan for 60% of the 34+ National Security Space Launches that will occur over the next several years.  So, 28+ Vulcan launches have been sold, so far.

Цитата Juan @AstroJJ_ 3 ч. назад

В ответ @torybruno и @ulalaunch

Does Vulcan already have contracts to launch?


Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 1 ч. назад

The World's largest shower is almost done!  Final parts for the upgraded acoustic sound water suppression system for #VulcanCentaur installed at the pad! Soon, both #VulcanCentaur and #AtlasV will be sharing SLC-41 #CountdownToVulcan


Чарльз Лурио пишет в недавнем отчёте:

It was a shock to hear of the sudden death of Bernard Kutter, Chief Scientist and Manager of Advanced Programs at the United Launch Alliance, on August 12.  He was 55.

While he worked within the framework of a "traditional" space company, his personal goals were within the vision of New Space.  He had been head of advanced programs for many years and I'd met him at several conferences. He was described as the "father" of the ULA's Vulcan rocket, which incorporates several unconventional features...

I found in my files copies of correspondence between Kutter and myself in 2010 on a draft write-up for this Report on space propellant depots (Vol. 5, No. 6, April 30, 2010).  It was evidently largely based on a panel he was on at the Space Access Conference of that spring. That was the era - which has left 'debris' even to this late date - when it was effectively forbidden by NASA that their people visibly admit that depots were desirable or feasible, at least without prohibitively costly research.  Of course, this was to prevent angering the SLS pork-mafia on the Hill.  In my 2010 story I recounted,

"'Hogwash', said Bernard Kutter during this panel; we don't need new technology for space propellant depots, just some demonstrations...[and] the required tests wouldn't be particularly expensive." Despite the opposition, finally, at the end of 2017, George Sowers, who had had similar titles as Kutter until leaving ULA in March 2017, could tweet, "Bernard Kutter of [ULA]: problems of cryogenic propellant storage and transfer now SOLVED. Enables the cislunar economy..."


Цитата ULA @ulalaunch 1 ч. назад

The #GEM63s are mated to #AtlasV that will launch #NROL101 later this year. This will be the debut launch for the solid rocket boosters! GEM 63s will be used on Atlas V launches to build flight experience in preparation for the GEM 63XLs on #VulcanCentaur's first flight in 2021.



Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 11 ч. назад

Rocket Shower! (Updated)


Цитата Tory Bruno @torybruno 1 ч. назад

Want to see the world's most intense massage shower in action? #VulcanCentaur's Acoustic Water Suppression System (ASWS) undergoing flow tests at SLC-41. Supports both #AtlasV and Vulcan, and was recently used during the #NROL101 launch. #CountdownToVulcan in 2021 (1:10)

ЦитатаULA: перенос сроков запуска корабля Dream Chaser не помешает сертификации ракеты Vulcan
Для того чтобы сертифицировать свою ракету Вулкан для выполнения пусков в интересах Пентагона ULA необходимо провести два успешных пуска. При этом во время намеченного на 2021 год первого пуска в космос должен быть выведен лунный посадочный модуль Astrobotic, а во время второго - грузовой корабль  Dream Chaser компании Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC). В этой связи сделанное компанией Sierra Nevada заявление о переносе запуска на 2022 год породил соответствующие сомнения относительно планов ULA по сертификации своей ракеты. В частности многие отмечают, что корабль может быть не готов и к 2022 году, а следовательно компании придется искать альтернативу или выводить массо-габаритный макет. С другой стороны это не означает, что компания не сможет оказывать услуги по запуску военных аппаратов поскольку контрактом предусмотрена альтернатива в виде ракет Atlas-5, пишет Ecoruspace.


Цитата ULA @ulalaunch 2 ч. назад

Off to the pneumatic test facility! This time lapse really shows the size of the #VulcanCentaur booster stage as it was transported to pressure testing. The booster is 5.4 m (17.7 ft) in diameter compared to #AtlasV's common core booster that is 3.8 m (12.5 ft). (0:37)


ЦитатаVulcan Centaur: Rehearsal helps shape new rocket's countdown formula
Dec 2, 2020, 07:44 AM

ULA launch team members conducted a simulated countdown Dec. 1 to test their work in crafting the procedures and timelines that will be used next year to launch the first Vulcan Centaur rocket.

The successful Vulcan Centaur countdown simulation, led by Lebo (left) and Rice (right), rehearsed loading liquid oxygen into the first stage. Photo by United Launch Alliance

The successful Vulcan Centaur countdown simulation, led by Lebo (left) and Rice (right), rehearsed loading liquid oxygen into the first stage. Photo by United Launch Alliance

Dillon Rice, a veteran Atlas V and Delta IV launch conductor, orchestrated the simulation at Cape Canaveral with the assistance of ULA Chief Launch Conductor Doug Lebo.

The event also provided training for the control room operators staffing the liquid oxygen, pneumatics and propulsion consoles. A half-dozen engineers participated in the test from those stations.

The rehearsal enabled the team to evaluate the ongoing development of plans and procedures for the portion of the countdown when liquid oxygen is loaded into the Vulcan Centaur rocket's first stage. The demonstration offered a realistic practice session to check time requirements and the cadence of activities.

The successful simulation is just one step in shaping the countdown formula needed to ready a Vulcan Centaur rocket for launch.

The test began from the T-minus 3 hour point in the countdown with a "go" from the launch conductor to the first stage liquid oxygen console operator, known as LOX1, to initiate a simulated chilldown. That is the precursor step to thermally condition the transfer line from pad's giant liquid oxygen storage sphere to the rocket.

Once chilldown parameters were achieved, the launch team activated and oversaw the automated computer files that control filling the rocket's main stage with oxidizer.

The team mimicked achieving a full tank, then set off to perform standard countdown steps including valve cycling tests and charging the POGO system that dampens oscillations in liquid-fueled rockets.

After the simulation participants voiced their satisfaction that the countdown objectives had been met, the rehearsal then switched to its next phase to demonstrate the plans for draining the liquid oxygen out of the rocket.

Detanking and safing procedures also went smoothly in the test, giving the ULA Launch Operations team a success in its preparations for the inaugural Vulcan Centaur mission.

Future simulations will evaluate other elements of the launch countdown development, leading to a real-life fueling test and a Flight Readiness Firing using a pathfinder Vulcan Centaur rocket on the pad.


Всё это конечно замечательно. Водные процедуры, симуляции предстартового отсчёта...
Но хотелось бы увидеть прожиг на стенде ступени с двумя штатными BE-4 на полное время полёта.