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Тематические разделы => Межпланетные станции и научные аппараты => Тема начата: Карлсон от 27.02.2007 21:42:10

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Карлсон от 27.02.2007 21:42:10
ЕКА сегодня приняло окончательное решение о реализации проекта. Запуск летом 2013 года на Союз-Фрегат из Куру. Кроме того, один из приборов на европейском модуле будет российским.


http://rian.ru/technology/cosmos/20070227/61346411.html (http://rian.ru/technology/cosmos/20070227/61346411.html)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Shin от 28.02.2007 10:49:06
Оригинал сообщения ESA:

http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMC8XBE8YE_index_0.html

(http://www.esa.int/images/VUES07_21_L.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pavel от 28.02.2007 07:29:08
А посадочный аппарат все еще на нас?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Shin от 28.02.2007 11:30:49
ЦитатаА посадочный аппарат все еще на нас?

Посадочный аппарат давно уже умер.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: DYF от 28.02.2007 11:32:18
ЦитатаПосадочный аппарат давно уже умер.
А чем тогда Коломбо лучше Мессенджера?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Athlon от 28.02.2007 17:35:49
Цитата
ЦитатаПосадочный аппарат давно уже умер.
А чем тогда Коломбо лучше Мессенджера?

А вот это есть великая загадка... Возможно, японским магнитосферным микроспутником?

Вообще непонятно, с чего эта миссия считается "краеугольной"? Дешевая, запускается одним Союзом, никаких прорывов явно не сулит...

Для сравнения - первая краеугольная миссия, это аж 5 аппаратов (SOHO и 4 Cluster), запускаемые на 3 ракетах. Вторая, третяя и четвертая - это XMM, Hershel и Rosettа, запускаемые Арианом 5, мощные и передовые аппараты.

А это получается что-то типа Марс Экспресса, только, условно говоря, вместо Бигля прицепили Нозоми  :D
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Shin от 28.02.2007 11:45:00
Более подробно о проекте и науке:

http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=30

Русский прибор там - MGNS - Mercury Gamma ray and Neutron Spectrometer (ИКИ, Митрофанов)

По прибору:

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006LPI....37.1696K
Кратко:
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2006/pdf/1696.pdf
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Shin от 28.02.2007 11:47:51
Причем, запускаться будет "Союзом" с облегченным обтекателем - закрывающем ПН только с одной стороны:  :D  :D  :D

(http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/ef/MCS-Launch410.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pavel от 28.02.2007 07:52:20
Цитата
ЦитатаА посадочный аппарат все еще на нас?

Посадочный аппарат давно уже умер.

Гм. А это что

Новая станция осуществит самое тщательное исследование Меркурия. Она будет состоять из трех частей: основного модуля (MPO), ответственность за который несет ЕКА, магнитосферного модуля (MMO), который создаст японское космическое агентство, а также посадочного аппарата.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pavel от 28.02.2007 07:53:59
Ага. В английской версии про lander нет.. Жаль. А я было обрадовался :(
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Димитър от 28.02.2007 22:36:44
ЦитатаПричем, запускаться будет "Союзом" с облегченным обтекателем - закрывающем ПН только с одной стороны:  :D  :D  :D

(http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/ef/MCS-Launch410.jpg)

И боковушек на РН нет ...  :wink:  совсем облегчили.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 22.06.2008 15:19:36
(http://www.popast.nu/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/bepicolombo.jpg)
по слухам (//www.popast.nu/2008/06/kris-for-europas-merkurius-sond.html) у BepiColombo начались серьезные проблемы на этапе проектирования - для выживания в меркурианских условиях пришлось увеличить массу систем аппарата и он теперь не влазит в Союз-Фрегат. До защиты эскизного проекта в конце этого года разработчикам нужно как-то решить эту проблему : либо перейти на новый носитель, либо полностью пересмотреть концепцию миссии.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 23.06.2008 03:33:05
Т.е. или отказаться от японца /сами, мол, запускайте, на своей ракете/, или от половины приборов... или перейти на Ариан /Протон?/. А тогда, может, и для лэндера место найдётся :roll: Как же хочется увидеть планету вблизи!
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Athlon от 23.06.2008 15:03:42
ЦитатаТ.е. или отказаться от японца /сами, мол, запускайте, на своей ракете/, или от половины приборов... или перейти на Ариан /Протон?/. А тогда, может, и для лэндера место найдётся :roll: Как же хочется увидеть планету вблизи!

Вообще придумали, конечно, "краеугольная" миссия на "Союзе". Если отказываться от японца, вообще мелко выходит. Надо им с нами скооперироваться, мы им Протон, они нам - сотрудничество по лэндеру и признание полноценными участниками миссии. После Мессенгера имхо надо обязательно лендер ставить, это сильно повысит и научную отдачу миссии, и политическу.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 24.06.2008 20:52:38
Цитата
ЦитатаТ.е. или отказаться от японца /сами, мол, запускайте, на своей ракете/, или от половины приборов... или перейти на Ариан /Протон?/. А тогда, может, и для лэндера место найдётся :roll: Как же хочется увидеть планету вблизи!

Вообще придумали, конечно, "краеугольная" миссия на "Союзе". Если отказываться от японца, вообще мелко выходит. Надо им с нами скооперироваться, мы им Протон, они нам - сотрудничество по лэндеру и признание полноценными участниками миссии. После Мессенгера имхо надо обязательно лендер ставить, это сильно повысит и научную отдачу миссии, и политическу.

Полностью согласен. Но хотелось бы, конечно, чтобы мы могли предложить не только Протон. Но учитывая нынешнее состояние нашей космической науки /а у нас вообще, среди учёных, хоть кто-нибудь интересуется этой планетой?/ и промышленности... вероятно,  это и останавливает. Хотя неуж то не сможем сделать ещё одну Луну-13? Да и не пойдут они на Протон, предпочтут на Ариан поставить. И не только из-за политики.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Athlon от 25.06.2008 03:51:17
ЦитатаХотя неуж то не сможем сделать ещё одну Луну-13?

Сами - не уверен, что сможем сделать современный лэндер. А вот в сотрудничестве с европейцами (а может, и NASA) - вполне.

ЦитатаДа и не пойдут они на Протон, предпочтут на Ариан поставить. И не только из-за политики.

Ну, есть ведь прецедент Интеграла, почему бы и нет.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 24.06.2008 23:36:27
Цитата
ЦитатаХотя неуж то не сможем сделать ещё одну Луну-13?

Сами - не уверен, что сможем сделать современный лэндер. А вот в сотрудничестве с европейцами (а может, и NASA) - вполне.

Не знаю, есть ли в европейском или американском фольклоре сюжет сказки "Каша из топора", но люди они в любом случае не глупые. Так вот, деньги, в основном, их. Технологии, на которые Вы намекаете - тоже. Так зачем им нас приглашать? Далее. Допустим, сделаем мы современный лэндер из импортных комплектующих. А смысл? Ключевые технологии всё равно вне нашего контроля. Не говоря уже о том, что это будет первая посадка на эту планету.

Цитата
ЦитатаДа и не пойдут они на Протон, предпочтут на Ариан поставить. И не только из-за политики.

Ну, есть ведь прецедент Интеграла, почему бы и нет.

Насколько я помню, когда заключался контракт, Ариан-5 ещё не была достаточно надёжной. А Протон летал ещё без аварий. А спутник один.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 07.07.2008 00:03:36
Оказывается (http://www.space.com/spacenews/spacenews_summary.html#BM_5) слухи о проблемах проекта оказались сильно преуменьшенными. Когда в прошлом месяце выяснилось, что разрешение всех возникших сложностей (модернизация КА, переход на Ариан-5) потребует дополнительно 190 М$ и вызовет отсрочку старта на полгода, научный комитет ЕКА попытался закрыть миссию и это ему почти удалось - до необходимых 2/3 не хватило всего несколько голосов. И это несмотря на международную кооперацию с JAXA и уже выданные промышленности контракты. Думаю такая решительность говорит о многом и окончательное свертывание проекта лишь вопрос времени.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Azteckium от 08.09.2008 00:50:40
Чиновники из ЕКА столкнули лбами два проекта - БК и SolO. В ноябре будет разборка, кто нужней. ЕКАвцам, кажется удалось окончательно рассорить два из основных научных лобби - планетное и солнечное.  Видимо, БК выиграет, т.к. уже инвесировано около 100 МЕ. В качестве морковки SolO предложат включить в  SpaceVision, с задержкой SV на год, от чего уже начинает обалдевать соотв. лобби.
В общем - тренд такой, что фундаментальная наука ЕКА в ближайшее время  не нужна.  НАСА тоже, но это уже другая песня
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 01.11.2008 23:56:25
http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/10/30/317966/esas-bepicolombo-missions-costs-balloon.html
ЦитатаESA's BepiColombo mission's costs balloon
By Rob Coppinger
The cost estimates for the joint European Space Agency, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) double-spacecraft BepiColombo Mercury mission have ballooned only 10 months after ESA signed its spacecraft's prime contract with EADS Astrium.

In January this year ESA signed a €350 million ($445 million) contract with EADS Astrium for the mission that had an original cost estimate of €1 billion. To be launched in August 2013 by a Samara Space Center Soyuz 2-1b, BepiColombo has two spacecraft that will orbit the inner planet for one year from 2019. Its two spacecraft are the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). ESA is building the MPO and JAXA the MMO.

At an International Astronautical Congress press briefing in Glasgow, Enrico Saggesse, the Italian Space Agency's new commissioner, confirmed the increased cost estimate but declined to comment further.

ESA's BepiColombo project manager Jan van Casteren told Flight: "At present I am not prepared to discuss this matter."

The cost increase and the future of BepiColombo will be discussed at the ESA member states' triennial ministerial meeting from 25-26 November at The Hague in the Netherlands, which will decide ESA's goals and funding for a three-year period.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Вован Сидорыч от 02.11.2008 23:56:58
ЦитатаНе знаю, есть ли в европейском или американском фольклоре сюжет сказки "Каша из топора"
У них есть сказка "Суп из камней"
Вместо солдата цыгане, пришедшие в голодающее селение
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 18.11.2009 23:35:07
http://cybersecurity.ru/space/82350.html
ЦитатаЕвропейская миссия к Меркурию BepiColombo значительно подорожала
(22:43) 18.11.2009

Делегаты от Европейского космического агентства сегодня утвердили значительно более дорогой бюджет на создание новейшего европейского научного космического аппарата BepiColombo, которому предстоит отправиться на изучение Меркурия. Изначально эта миссия должна была обойтись Европе в 665 млн евро.

Однако в рамках встречи научные специалисты представили ряд новых обстоятельств и сложностей, с которыми придется столкнуться аппарату. В итоге, для того, чтобы BepiColombo смог противостоять агрессивному солнечному излучению, фиксируемому возле Меркурия, высокой температуре и чрезвычайно сильной солнечной радиации, аппарат придется дооснащать рядом дополнительных систем, которые поднимут стоимость спутника до 970 млн евро.

Ранее многие европейские астрономы уже сочли, что удорожание миссии в полтора раза фактически поставит крест на BepiColombo, однако в Европейском космическом агентстве посчитали возможным увеличить финансирование. В ЕКА говорят, что миссия BepiColombo является одной из самых сложных для космических европейских программ и отказываться от нее было бы неверно.

"Теперь у аппарата есть утвержденная финансовая и технические стороны проекта. Все готово для продолжения работы", - сказал директор ЕКА пор научным исследованиям, профессор Девид Саутвуд.

Формально, BepiColombo - это совместный проект Европейского и Японского космических агентств.

Полет станет достаточно интересной страницей автоматической космонавтики. Дело в том, что к Меркурию отправляются сразу две станции на одном транспортном модуле -- Mercury Transfer Module (MTM). Общий вес комплекса составляет около трех тонн, из которых примерно половина -- горючее. BepiColombo использует необычные двигатели, опробованные на зонде SMART, -- электроракетные. Перед прибытием к планете BepiColombo совершит четыре гравитационных маневра в поле тяготения Луны, Земли, Венеры и Меркурия. А перед выходом к Меркурию от транспортного модуля отделятся две орбитальных станции.

Первая, Mercury Planet Orbiter (MPO), разрабатывается ЕКА. Принимает участие в этом модуле и Россия: один из 11 научных приборов на МРО -- российский. Эта станция выйдет на орбиту высотой от 400 до 1500 км над поверхностью Меркурия и займется изучением поверхности планеты. В частности, планируется создание мультиволновой карты поверхности планеты.

Вторая станция носит название Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). Ее разрабатывает азиатский партнер ЕКА -- японское космическое агентство JAXA. На ММО установят пять научных приборов, и орбита его будет другой, более вытянутой. Ближайшее расстояние до планеты в случае ММО будет также равно 400 км, а вот удаляться зонд будет на целых 12 000 км. Эта часть BepiColombo займется изучением магнитосферы Меркурия.

Прибытие в район одной из самых малоизученных планет нашей системы ожидается в 2017 году. Ученые ожидают, что обе станции смогут проработать в окрестностях Меркурия как минимум год. Напомним, что Меркурий (если не считать Плутона) -- наименее изученная космическими станциями планета.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: byran от 18.11.2009 19:39:06
Офигеть. Почти полтора миллиарда долларов или 3 Мессенджера уже получаются по стоимости. Может все таки на посадочный зонд еще скинутся? Была бы реальная возможность сделать миссию более уникальной.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 19.11.2009 10:30:22
Всё логично.
Запускать аппарат, уступающий по своим возможностям Messenger не имеет никакого смысла.
А создания продвинутого аппарата требует соответствующих финансовых затрат.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: fon Butterfly от 19.11.2009 13:08:20
ЦитатаНапомним, что Меркурий (если не считать Плутона) -- наименее изученная космическими станциями планета.
Да ну? Две станции, по нескольку пролётов - а у Урана и Нептуна только Вояджер-2 просвистел...
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: HPC от 20.11.2009 09:20:57
дался им этот Меркурий? имхо за такие деньги можно было бы склепать что-нибудь к Урану/Нептуну.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: byran от 20.11.2009 05:36:33
ЦитатаВсё логично.
Запускать аппарат, уступающий по своим возможностям Messenger не имеет никакого смысла.
А создания продвинутого аппарата требует соответствующих финансовых затрат.

А можно узнать, чем он лучше Мессенджера? Ионниками и дополнительным магнитосферным спутником? Если это все, то помоиму это негусто, для трехкратного превышения. Тем более, когда он прилетит к Меркурию Мессенджер уже составит глобальную карту поверхности с 10-100 метровым разрешением.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: byran от 20.11.2009 06:01:08
Интересно какое максимальное разрешение поверхности он сможет получить?

У Мессенджера пишут 18/3=6 метров на пиксель.

http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/instruments/MDIS.html
ЦитатаThe wide-angle camera has a 10.5° by 10.5° field of view and can observe Mercury through 11 different filters and monochrome across the wavelength range 395 to 1,040 nanometers (visible through near-infrared light). Multi-spectral imaging will help scientists investigate the diversity of rock types that form Mercury's surface. The narrow-angle camera can take black-and-white images at high resolution through its 1.5° by 1.5° field of view, allowing extremely detailed analysis of features as small as 18 meters (about 60 feet) across.

Вообще общая масса научных приборов на Мессенджере составляет 42.5 килограмма, что примерно в 2 раза меньше, чем в сумме на BepiColombo.  :roll:

http://www.mps.mpg.de/en/projekte/bepicolombo/#payload
ЦитатаMPO
Total mass: 400 kg
Payload mass: 50 kg

MMO
Total mass: 220 kg
Payload mass: 41 kg
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 14.03.2010 23:35:31
http://www.itartass-sib.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17784:rossiya-i-yaponiya-obsudili-detali-proekta-poleta-k-merkuriyu-kotoryj-realizuetsya-s-uchastiem-es-glava-roskosmosa&catid=36:world&Itemid=81
ЦитатаРоссия и Япония обсудили детали проекта полета к Меркурию, который реализуется с участием ЕС - глава Роскосмоса
12.03.2010 11:19

ТОКИО, 12 марта. /Корр. ИТАР-ТАСС Валерий Агарков/. Руководители космических агентств России и Японии обсудили детали проекта полета к Меркурию, который реализуется с участием Евросоюза. Об этом сообщил сегодня в интервью ИТАР-ТАСС руководитель Роскосмоса Анатолий Перминов. Он участвует в проходящем здесь совещании глав космических агентств РФ, США, ЕС, Японии и Канады по тематике дальнейшей эксплуатации Международной космической станции /МКС/.

По словам Перминова, ранее на этой неделе он уже провел отдельные переговоры с председателем правления японского аэрокосмического агентства ДЖАКСА Кэндзи Татикавой. Повестка дня встречи включала обсуждение деталей проекта полета к Меркурию, в котором участвует Европейское космическое агентство. Проект, пояснил руководитель Роскосмоса, "предусматривает подготовку приборов, создание аппарата, полет к самой близкой к Солнцу планете Солнечной системы, облет Меркурия и, как обычно, полное исследование его атмосферы и поверхности". "Сейчас идут проектные работы, - сказал Перминов, - практическая реализация может начаться ориентировочно в 2014 году".
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: smokan от 09.05.2010 04:52:29
На сайте ESA уже перенесли дату запуска BepiColombo из 2013 на 2014 ((
LAUNCH DATE:    2014  
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=30
...а долетит к Меркурию аж в 2020 (это если опять запуск не перенисут на годик-два). То есть ждать долговат то еще. Ну ничего зато  MESSENGER там скоро будет :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 10.05.2010 17:07:43
ЦитатаПо словам Перминова, ранее на этой неделе он уже провел отдельные переговоры с председателем правления японского аэрокосмического агентства ДЖАКСА Кэндзи Татикавой. Повестка дня встречи включала обсуждение деталей проекта полета к Меркурию, в котором участвует Европейское космическое агентство.
Будто мы станцию запускаем, а ЕКА ставит прибор :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 02.11.2010 01:11:41
http://www.roscosmos.ru/main.php?id=2&nid=13445
ЦитатаИнститут космических исследований РАН готовится к исследованиям на Меркурии[/size]
:: 02.11.2010

Российский гамма и нейтронный спектрометр полетит через четыре года к Меркурию на борту европейско-японской автоматической межпланетной станции BepiColombo, сообщил заведующий лабораторией Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов.
"Мы участвуем в европейском межпланетном проекте BepiColombo по изучению Меркурия. Сейчас летает американский аппарат Messenger, и BepiColombo - это европейский ответ на Messenger. Это - следующий аппарат, который прилетит к Меркурию", - сказал он.
Митрофанов добавил, что на межпланетной станции BepiColombo будет стоять российский меркурианский гамма и нейтронный спектрометр MGNS. "Кстати, это первый полный российский прибор, который Роскосмос предоставляет как научную аппаратуру для Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА)", - отметил он.
По словам Митрофанова, прибор "сейчас уже находится на достаточно продвинутой стадии разработки". "Мы делаем технологический образец. И на следующий год будем готовить летный прибор для того, чтобы поставить его в ЕКА", - сказал ученый.
Целью прибора MGNS является поиск остатков водяного льда в вечно затененных полярных областях Меркурия и определение элементного состава приповерхностных слоев грунта. С его помощью должны быть построены карты распределения водорода и водородосодержащих соединений (к которым, в первую очередь, относится водяной лед), а также карты распределения основных породообразующих элементов с пространственным разрешением 400 километров.
Запуск совместной европейско-японской автоматической межпланетной станции BepiColombo массой 2,3 тонны на ракете-носителе "Ариан-5" намечается в 2014 году. Станция должна прибыть на орбиту вокруг Меркурия в августе 2020 года и проработать на ней один год.
Аппарат будет состоять из трех компонентов: перелетного модуля MTM, создаваемого ЕКА, планетного орбитального аппарата MPO (также ЕКА) и магнитосферного орбитального аппарата MMO, изготовляемого Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований JAXA.

http://rus.ruvr.ru/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: smokan от 02.11.2010 09:34:19
Пора бы заглавие сменить, только не на BepiColombo--2014  ...а то мало ли что
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: sas от 03.11.2010 16:43:24
Вигвам Вам, а не Меркурий, скажут теперь японцы. Топтали своим сапогом остров, попирали президентским имерским кроссовком...
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 22.01.2011 17:49:00
http://ru.euronews.net/2011/01/19/mercury-space-project-passes-big-test/
ЦитатаМиссия к Меркурию: BepiColombo готовят выдерживать высокие температуры[/size]
19/01 00:13 CET

Европейское космическое агентство и Японское агентство аэрокосмических исследований провели серию важных тестов в рамках подготовки совместной автоматической миссии к Меркурию. Она называется BepiColombo и должна стартовать в 2014 году.

"Выведение космических аппаратов на орбиту Меркурия является самой большой проблемой из-за температурной среды, - говорит один из руководителей проекта. - Температура там превышает 400 градусов по Цельсию, поэтому нам необходимы новые технологии для всех материалов, используемых на внешней стороне аппарата, которые могли бы выдержать такую жару".

Для экономии топлива в течение шестилетнего полёта BepiColombo совершит четыре гравитационных манёвра в поле тяготения Луны, Земли, Венеры и Меркурия. А перед выходом к Меркурию от транспортного модуля отделятся две орбитальные станции - европейская и японская, которые и займутся наблюдением за одной из самых малоизученных планет нашей системы.
Там же анимашка
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 27.01.2011 21:54:54
http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=space&id=news/asd/2011/01/26/09.xml&headline=ESA%20Prepares%20For%20BepiColombo%20Mercury%20Mission
ЦитатаESA Prepares For BepiColombo Mercury Mission[/size]

Jan 26, 2011
By Frank Morring, Jr.

European Space Agency (ESA) engineers have upgraded the Large Space Simulator (LSS) at the European Space Research and Technology Center (Estec) to prepare for the upcoming BepiColombo mission to Mercury, where the spacecraft will encounter temperatures much hotter than those found at planets further from the Sun.

Mercury's orbit takes it within 46 million km. (29 million mi.) of the Sun, while Earth averages about 150 million km. (93 million mi.).

That means spacecraft orbiting the innermost planet must endure temperatures on the order of 350C from the Sun itself, and heat reflected from the planet's surface that is literally hot enough to fry eggs.

To ensure that BepiColombo's thermal protection system can handle the extreme environment around Mercury, ESA has modified the LSS to simulate 10 solar constants -- 10 times the amount of energy passing through a square meter of space at Earth's orbit every second.

Previously, the LSS could simulate only two solar constants -- adequate for ESA probes like Mars Express and Venus Express but not up to the task of qualifying BepiColombo.

To jack up the heat, engineers have been running the heat lamps that provide the "sunlight" in the LSS thermal vacuum changer at full power, and have shifted the mirrors reflecting the infrared light onto the spacecraft being tested so it produces a cone 2.7 meters in diameter at the test article, instead of a parallel beam 6 meters across.

The first tests with the upgraded system involved the mission's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, supplied by Japan to measure the planet's magnetosphere for comparison to the one at Earth. The 250-kg. (550-lb.) octagonal spacecraft is protected by an ESA sunshield, which performed as planned in test temperatures above 350C.

"The sunshield test was successful," says Jan van Casteren, BepiColombo project manager. "Its function to protect the MMO spacecraft during the cruise phase was demonstrated."

Next up in the LSS at the Estec facility in The Netherlands will be ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter, which will dip to within 400 km. of the planet's surface on its elliptical mapping orbits, facing severe temperatures at both extremes of its orbital altitude. Based on testing with the Japanese vehicle, some adjustments will be needed before the MPO enters the test chamber next year, according to van Casteren.

BepiColombo is scheduled for launch on an Ariane 5 in summer 2014. NASA's Messenger spacecraft, which already has made six flybys of Mercury, is on track for an insertion maneuver March 18 that will make it the first probe to enter orbit there.

Like the European spacecraft, Messenger is protected from the harsh environment at Mercury by a sunshade, radiators, one-way heat pipes and multilayered insulation that has kept the temperature behind it at about 70F, eliminating the need for high-temperature electronic components.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 01.02.2011 01:28:10
http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=32606
ЦитатаESA's Mercury mapper feels the heat[/size]

    * Source: European Space Agency
    * Posted Sunday, January 30, 2011

(http://images.spaceref.com/news/2011/BepiColombo_Testing_H.jpg)

Key components of the ESA-led Mercury mapper BepiColombo have been tested in a specially upgraded European space simulator. ESA's Large Space Simulator is now the most powerful in the world and the only facility capable of reproducing Mercury's hellish environment for a full-scale spacecraft.

The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) has survived a simulated voyage to the innermost planet. The octagonal spacecraft, which is Japan's contribution to BepiColombo, and its ESA sunshield withstood temperatures higher than 350 degrees C.

This is a taste of things to come for the spacecraft. BepiColombo will encounter fully ten times the radiation power received by a satellite in orbit around Earth and, to simulate this, the Large Space Simulator (LSS) at ESA's ESTEC center in the Netherlands had to be specially adapted.

Engineers talk about the power of the Sun in units called the solar constant. This is how much energy is received every second through a square meter of space at the distance of Earth's orbit.

"Previously, the LSS was capable of simulating a solar constant or two. Now it has been upgraded to produce ten solar constants," says Jan van Casteren, ESA BepiColombo project manager.

The improvements have been achieved in two ways: the lamps from the simulators are being used at their maximum power and the mirrors that focus the beam have been adjusted.

Instead of producing a parallel beam of light 6 m across, they now concentrate the light into a cone just 2.7 m in diameter when it reaches the spacecraft. This creates a beam so fierce that a new shroud with a larger cooling capacity had to be installed to 'catch' the light that missed the spacecraft and prevent the chamber walls from heating up.

BepiColombo consists of separate modules. The MMO will investigate the magnetic environment of Mercury. It is kept cool during its six-year cruise to Mercury by the sunshield. These are the two modules that have now completed their thermal tests.

"The sunshield test was successful. Its function to protect the MMO spacecraft during the cruise phase was demonstrated," says Jan.

Once at Mercury, most of the Sun's fearsome heat will be prevented from entering BepiColombo by special thermal blankets. They consist of multiple layers including a white ceramic outer layer and several metallic layers to reflect as much heat as possible back into space.

"The tests allowed us to measure the thermal blanket's performance. The results allow us to prepare some adjustments for the tests of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter next year," says Jan.

In addition to enduring temperatures of 350 degrees C, ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) will go where no spacecraft has gone before: down into a low elliptical orbit around Mercury, of between just 400 km and 1500 km above the planet's scorching surface.

At that proximity, Mercury is worse than a hot plate on a cooker, releasing floods of infrared radiation into space. So, the MPO will have to deal with this as well as the solar heat. The MPO begins its tests in the LSS in the summer.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 02.06.2011 12:22:57
http://www.esa.int/esaSC/SEMZEUISDNG_index_0.html

(http://www.esa.int/images/BC_CRUISE_FRONT_03_large,0.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/images/BC_CRUISE_FRONT_03.jpg)
(http://www.esa.int/images/VUE_ORBIT_MPO_MMO_L.gif) (http://www.esa.int/images/VUE_ORBIT_MPO_MMO_H.gif)
(http://www.esa.int/images/14_BepiColombo_propulsion_L,0.jpg) (http://esamultimedia.esa.int/images/Science/BepiColombo/14_BepiColombo_propulsion_H1.jpg)
(http://www.esa.int/images/Bepicolombo_MPO,2.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/images/Bepicolombo_MPO,0.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 16.09.2011 00:15:03
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Space_Engineering/SEMEV8RTJRG_0.html
ЦитатаESA simulates scorching sunlight for BepiColombo mission to Mercury[/size]
 
(http://www.esa.int/images/PAVO-2011-Aug-03-4998,2.jpg)
Mercury Planetary Orbiter
 
22 August 2011
ESA is recreating the intense sunlight and sustained heat encountered around Mercury, the innermost planet of the Solar System, inside the largest vacuum chamber in Europe.
 
The Netherlands-based test campaign is evaluating ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), part of the multi-spacecraft BepiColombo mission to Mercury.

A highly accurate, full-scale engineering model of the final MPO arrived at ESA's ESTEC Test Centre in Noordwijk from Thales Alenia Space Italy in Turin on 29 July. It is being placed inside the Large Space Simulator, the largest vacuum chamber in Europe, which is big enough to house an up-ended double-decker bus, and can maintain space-quality vacuum for weeks on end.  
 
(http://www.esa.int/images/BepiColombo_large,0.JPG)   
Large Space Simulator
   
The LSS has been specially upgraded to mimic the tenfold increase in solar illumination experienced at Mercury's distance from the Sun. Its 19 IMAX-projector-class light bulbs are unaltered, but the 121 hexagonal mirrors that reflect their simulated sunlight into the vacuum chamber now provide a much tighter focus for increased intensity.

These illumination levels are so intense that clever engineering was needed to maintain the chamber temperature within safe limits: an extra thermal shroud installed along the simulator walls has increased the flow of liquid nitrogen by more than sixfold, averaging 5000 litres of the -196
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 16.09.2011 00:29:35
http://www.esa.int/esaSC/120391_index_0_m.html

http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Operations/SEMYRMQJNVE_0.html

http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/bepi/index_e.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 16.09.2011 00:32:19
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftCV8lvw_Hc
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 16.09.2011 00:40:28
http://www.bis.gov.uk/ukspaceagency/news-and-events/2011/Sep/mercury-planetary-orbiter-wraps-up-for-hot-work
http://www.bis.gov.uk/ukspaceagency/missions/bepicolombo-europes-mission-to-mercury
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 16.09.2011 00:45:01
http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2011/9-15-2011-BepiColombo.asp
ЦитатаArianespace to launch BepiColombo spacecraft on first European mission to Mercury[/size]

Evry, September 15, 2011

The European Space Agency (ESA) and Arianespace today announced the signature of a contract for the launch of the BepiColombo spacecraft, designed to explore the planet Mercury.

The launch is scheduled for July 2014, using an Ariane 5 ECA launcher from the Guiana Space Center, Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.

BepiColombo is a joint scientific mission led by ESA in conjunction with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The spacecraft comprises two probes that will be injected into separate orbits around the planet: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO).

Each of these two probes will be fitted with a suite of high-precision instruments to carry out an exhaustive study of Mercury.

BepiColombo will be built by Astrium GmbH and weigh about 4,400 kg at launch. The spacecraft will leave the Earth with a hyperbolic excess velocity of 3.36 km/s.

After signing the contract, ESA Director General Jean-Jacques Dordain said, "With BepiColombo, Europe continues to explore our Solar System. After Mars Express, Venus Express and the Huygens probe to Titan, we are now gearing up to explore a planet that is very close to the Sun, key to understanding the formation of our Solar System, and yet still very mysterious. For the European Space Agency, it's also an excellent example of scientific teamwork, since we are sharing this experience with the Japanese space agency. After the successful launch of Herschel and Planck back in 2009 and before the launch of the ATV-3 and Alphasat next year, Ariane 5 again demonstrates its extreme flexibility, which will soon be complemented by Soyuz and Vega."

Jean-Yves Le Gall, Chairman & EO of Arianespace, added: "We are both proud and honored to be given this opportunity to support space science and serve the European Space Agency, teaming up with JAXA on this program. Arianespace deploys a complete range of launch vehicles, Ariane 5, Soyuz and Vega, to guarantee independent access to space for Europe and provide the most appropriate launch solutions for European government satellites."[/size]
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: fon Butterfly от 16.09.2011 16:34:33
Цитатаhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftCV8lvw_Hc
Гггг! Симуляция - такая симуляция!
Аппараты, полуоси орбит которых соотносятся как ~2:1, обращаются практически синхронно!

Я, канешна, панимаю - упрощение, пипл должен схавать, и всё такое. Но, блин, не настолько же всё абстрактно лепить!.
 :twisted:
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 17.09.2011 10:15:07
Миссия к Меркурию BepiColombo определилась с ракетой-носителем
Цитата(http://science.compulenta.ru/upload/iblock/ad5/BepiColombo_PAVO-2011-Aug-10-5037.jpg)

Совместный проект европейского и японского космического агентств будет использовать европейскую ракету, а не российскую, как предполагалось.

Несмотря на близость к Земле, Меркурий остаётся одной из наименее изученных планет Солнечной системы. Неудивительно, что над отправкой к нему аппарата работают сразу два космических ведомства -- ЕКА и JAXA.

Строго говоря, это будут два отдельных зонда, размещённые на одном транспортном модуле. Европейский Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) займётся сбором информации о поверхности планеты и её строении, а японскому аппарату Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) достанется меркурианская магнитосфера.

Российские учёные тоже участвуют в BepiColombo, разработав для проекта один из приборов. Другим вкладом нашей страны должен был стать носитель «Союз-У», но теперь принято решение, что вместо него 4,4-тонный груз выведет на орбиту Ariane 5. О подписании контракта объявила эксплуатирующая ракету компания Arianespace.

Старт должен состояться в июле 2014 года с космодрома Куру во Французской Гвиане. А через шесть с половиной лет зонды прибудут к Меркурию, попутно совершив четыре гравитационных манёвра для экономии топлива. После этого аппараты покинут транспортный модуль и смогут не менее года проработать в окрестностях ближайшего к Солнцу небесного тела.

Подготовлено по материалам Франс Пресс.
http://science.compulenta.ru/634805/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 17.09.2011 13:29:12
Это чтоб быстрее долететь или они уже нашему "Союзу", это... не вполне доверяют?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Космос-3794 от 17.09.2011 17:05:32
Это чтобы вообще долететь. А решение о запуске на Ariane 5 было принято еще в середине 2008 года - http://www.spacenews.com/archive/archive08/bepifat_0707.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 17.09.2011 22:06:02
Вот как? А мне показалось, что пускать будут "Союзом" из Куру. :?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Boo от 18.09.2011 15:25:33
Да нафиг он вообще нужен, тот Меркурий, особенно после "Мессенджера".
Лучше бы лишний раз в систему Юпитера слетали.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 18.09.2011 16:28:43
На Меркурий было бы интересно что-нибудь посадить, чтобы оценить сейсмичность.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Athlon от 19.09.2011 01:54:29
ЦитатаНа Меркурий было бы интересно что-нибудь посадить, чтобы оценить сейсмичность.

А ведь изначально планировался посадочный модуль. Причем сняли его, если мне не изменяет память, как раз для того, чтобы влезть в "Союз".
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: ZOOR от 07.01.2012 16:34:05
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=49359
ЦитатаThis Call for declaration of Interest in Science Instrumentation (CISI) is open to the European science community for enabling assessment studies of the science instruments of the MarcoPolo-R mission. MarcoPolo-R, has been selected for assessment following the ESA Call for a Medium-size M3 mission opportunity in the Cosmic Vision (CV) 2015-2025 plan. The European science community is invited to propose dedicated studies on science instrumentation that would potentially be provided by the ESA Member States, should the mission be adopted. The Proposal submission deadline is 6 January 2012, at 14:00 CET.
Интересно, что предложат.

Кстати, из отчета ИКИ РАН за 2011 год
ЦитатаПодраздел  МГНС:  Разработаны,  изготовлены  и  испытан  технологический  образец  прибора МГНС, который поставлен в ЕКА для продолжения испытаний в составе макета  космического аппарата.
Все работы выполнены в соответствии с Техническим заданием на ОКР по теме.
Руководитель проекта:
Д.ф.м.н. Митрофанов И.Г. тел.: (495) 333-3489, imitrofa@space.ru
http://www.iki.rssi.ru/annual/2011/R32_OKR_NIR-11.pdf

Про МГНС см. тут - http://l503.iki.rssi.ru/MGNS.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 29.02.2012 18:13:44
Запуск к Меркурию европейского зонда "Бепи Коломбо" отложен до 2015 г
ЦитатаМОСКВА, 29 фев - РИА Новости. Запуск к Меркурию европейского космического аппарата "Бепи Коломбо" (BepiColombo), планировавшийся ранее на июль 2014 года, откладывается на год - до 2015 года - из-за задержек с разработкой защиты зонда от высоких температур, сообщает Европейское космическое агентство (ЕКА).

Проект ЕКА по исследованию Меркурия будет реализован совместно с космическим агентством Японии (JAXA). Одной из задач проекта является поиск водяного льда на полюсах планеты. По мнению ученых, есть вероятность того, что в "холодных ловушках" - полярных кратерах Меркурия, в которые никогда не заглядывает Солнце - льда может быть даже больше, чем на сегодняшний день обнаружено на Луне. Для решения этой задачи в Институте космических исследований (ИКИ) РАН был разработан прибор МГНС (Меркурианский нейтронный и гамма-спектрометр), который будет установлен на борту "Бепи Коломбо".

Как сообщает ЕКА, на орбите Меркурия космическому аппарату придется выдерживать высокие температуры (более 450 градусов Цельсия) и сильное воздействие солнечного ветра. Перед инженерами стоит задача адаптировать системы зонда к экстремальным условиям и создать системы защиты. В частности, для "Бепи Коломбо" создаются специальные солнечные батареи, комплекс антенн и компенсационная система температурного контроля.

По последним оценкам производителей этой аппаратуры во главе с компанией Astrium GmbH (Фридрихсхафен, Германия), оборудование не будет готово к запуску аппарата в июле 2014 года, и миссию необходимо перенести на следующее стартовое окно для запуска к Меркурию - август 2015 года.

"Бепи Коломбо" представляет собой носитель и два орбитальных аппарата: планетарный спутник (Mercury Planetary Orbiter - MPO), за создание которого отвечает ЕКА, и спутник для изучения магнитосферы (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - MMO), который будет построен JAXA.

Меркурий - самая близкая к Солнцу и самая маленькая в Солнечной системе планета - сравнительно мало изучен космическими аппаратами. Практически полную карту планеты удалось составить лишь в 2009 году на основе данных зонда "Маринер-10", изучавшего Меркурий в 1970-х годах, и зонда НАСА "Мессенджер", который в марте прошлого года впервые в истории вышел на орбиту планеты. Меркурий до последнего времени был единственной из видимых невооруженным глазом планет, у которой никогда не было искусственного спутника.
http://ria.ru/science/20120229/580730407.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 29.02.2012 18:19:05
BepiColombo Mercury mission to be launched in 2015
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=50105
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 03.03.2012 13:48:17
Видео

BepiColombo feels the heat

Instructions
    To download, right click the "Download" button and from the list choose "Save Target as".
Description
    The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) is tested inside ESA's Large Space Simulator. The octagonal spacecraft is Japan's contribution to BepiColombo, and must survive temperatures of 350°C.

http://www.esa.int/esa-mmg/mmg.pl?b=b&type=V&collection=Space%20Science&single=y&start=4&size=b
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pol от 04.03.2012 08:55:51
http://www.satnews.com/cgi-bin/story.cgi?number=1243293068

March 03, 2012

European Space Agency (ESA)... Buying Bepi More TIme

BepiColombo, an ESA mission to the planet Mercury in collaboration with...
...the Japanese space agency, JAXA, is now planned for launch in a window opening in August 2015. While ESA had previously been targeting a launch in July 2014, a 2015 option has always been built in to the development plan, as part of the risk mitigation strategy.

Mercury is a planet of extremes, with its very high density, surface temperature, and strong interaction with the solar wind. Understanding its properties and origin will give scientists important insights into the evolution of the Solar System. BepiColombo involves a carrier spacecraft and two separate orbiters, one developed by ESA and the other by JAXA, dedicated to a comprehensive exploration of Mercury and its environment. So close to the Sun, the spacecraft will have to endure hostile conditions, in particular temperatures reaching over 450 degrees Celsius. A number of new and critical technologies have had to be developed in order for the mission to reach Mercury and operate there. These include the solar arrays, the electric propulsion system, the antenna assemblies, and the complex thermal management system.

The industrial contractors (led by Astrium GmbH in Friedrichshafen, Germany) working with ESA on the mission have recently assessed the current status of the development of these items and have concluded that the first launch window of July 2014 can no longer be met. Launch opportunities of typically one-month duration for BepiColombo are dictated by positions of the Earth, Venus, and Mercury, allowing the spacecraft to follow its intricate interplanetary trajectory. The next launch opportunity to Mercury occurs in August 2015 and is consistent with the projected completion date of the spacecraft, including margins. All stakeholders, including the Science Programme Committee and the international partners, have been made aware of the issues affecting the launch date.
(http://www.satnews.com/images_upload/1507035249/ESA_JAXA_BepiColombo.jpg)
This illustration shows the Mercury Composite Spacecraft approaching Mercury, where the two orbiters will separate and be deployed in their dedicated orbits.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 06.03.2012 10:08:18
ESA says BepiColombo will stay on budget despite delay
ЦитатаTechnicial difficulties with BepiColombo, a joint project between Europe and Japan, will push back its launch to Mercury by 13 months until August 2015, but officials do not expect the postponement to trigger another increase in the mission's budget.
 
Launch was set for July 2014, but development and testing of the mission's electric propulsion thrusters, solar arrays, antennas and thermal control system is taking longer than expected, according to Jan van Casteren, Europe's BepiColombo project manager.

"Much of the equipment is specially developed for this mission and is critical in view of its intended operation at high solar intensity and high temperatures," van Casteran said in an email to Spaceflight Now.

The challenges forced European officials to push back the mission's departure to the next launch opportunity, when the planets in the inner solar system are positioned to permit BepiColombo's circuitous route to Mercury.

The new schedule calls for launch around Aug. 15, 2015. BepiColombo will fly by Earth a year later, followed by two closes passes near Venus and four approaches of Mercury. The flybys will use each planet's gravity to slingshot the spacecraft closer to the sun, eventually allowing BepiColombo to enter orbit around Mercury in January 2022.

BepiColombo's previous arrival date at Mercury was in November 2020.

The mission consists of two orbiters, which will blast off together on an Ariane 5 rocket. A planetary orbiter provided by the European Space Agency and a Mercury magnetospheric probe built in Japan will cruise to the solar system's mysterious innermost planet with a sunshield and a solar electric propulsion module, which will be jettisoned after the craft enters orbit.

(http://www.spaceflightnow.com/news/n1203/05bepicolombo/stack.jpg)
 
The European and Japanese satellites will separate to study Mercury from different orbits, observing the planet's cratered surface, investigating its origin, probing its interior, examining its tenuous atmosphere, studying its magnetic field, and timing Mercury's orbit around the sun to test Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity.

The BepiColombo mission, which narrowly escaped a cancellation vote in 2008, has an ESA budget of 970 million euros, or nearly $1.3 billion. Other European institutions are developing instruments for BepiColombo's planetary orbiter, a contribution worth more than 200 million euros.

Coupled with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's investment, which approaches $200 million, the mission's total cost is more than $1.7 billion.

ESA's budget included a contingency to cover a launch delay, van Casteran said, meaning BepiColombo should not need additional funds to account for the 13-month slip.

BepiColombo's cost has grown 50 percent since the mission was first approved, mostly because European officials misjudged the mission's stringent test requirements and mass.

The mission's mass grew too large for the spacecraft to be lifted into space by a Russian Soyuz rocket, compelling managers to select a larger, more expensive Ariane 5 launcher to dispatch the 9,000-pound dual-satellite mission.

(http://www.spaceflightnow.com/news/n1203/05bepicolombo/components.jpg)

Structural models of BepiColombo's propulsion module, planetary orbiter, magnetospheric orbiter, and sunshield will be assembled and tested in the Netherlands later this year. Credit: ESA
 
During its mission, BepiColombo will endure temperatures greater than 660 degrees Fahrenheit. Structural models of BepiColombo's European-built planetary orbiter, Japanese magnetospheric probe and a sunshield were subjected to intense thermal testing and blasts of ultraviolet light to ensure they will survive in orbit around the solar system's scorching innermost world.

According to van Casteran, BepiColombo's solar arrays, antennas and thermal control system are fully exposed to heat and solar radiation at Mercury, which is about 10 times the solar constant at Earth.

A space simulation chamber at ESA's space research and technology center, or ESTEC, in the Netherlands was modified to test the BepiColombo spacecraft in such extreme conditions. Engineers must run UV lamps at full power and focus their light on the spacecraft with mirrors to mimic conditions at Mercury.

A model of BepiColombo's combined configuration, in which it will fly to Mercury, will enter vibration and acoustic testing this spring, and officials hope to complete the environmental testing by July.

BepiColombo would mark the first European and Japanese probes to Mercury, and the mission would be the second to orbit the planet after NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, which entered Mercury orbit in 2011.
http://www.spaceflightnow.com/news/n1203/05bepicolombo/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 20.04.2012 09:52:30
ВИДЕО

Bepi Colombo mission to Mercury
 
19 April 2012

Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun, remains somewhat of a mystery to us.
 
In the past, because of its proximity to the Sun, it has been difficult for Earth-based telescopes to observe Mercury against the ferocious solar light. In 2015, to increase our understanding of this mysterious planet, Europe is launching BepiColombo, the first dedicated mission to Mercury. It will reach its destination in 2022.

Its observations of Mercury should also offer new insights into the workings of extra-solar planets in other solar systems. These planets, which like Mercury are formed in very close proximity to their parent star the sun, are a hot topic in planetary science and astronomy at the moment.  

http://www.esa.int/esaSC/SEMTOGKWZ0H_index_0.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 02.05.2012 22:50:16
#05: BepiColombo Planetary Orbiter and Transfer Module mated for first time

27 Apr 2012 15:08
ЦитатаThe Structural and Thermal Models of the BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Transfer Module were mated for the first time on 11 April 2012. The mating was performed to accurately position the inter-module hardware on the transfer module.

(http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/content/images/2012-04/BepiColombo_MPO-MTM-mating_0412_1_200.jpg) (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/content/images/2012-04/BepiColombo_MPO-MTM-mating_0412_4_200.jpg)

The harsh thermal environment that the BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) will endure while in orbit around its target planet places special requirements on the mechanical interfaces between the orbiter and the other modules in the composite spacecraft stack that will launch and transfer to Mercury. Use of conventional interfaces would leave the mating surfaces exposed on the exterior of the MPO after separation; if these surfaces were exposed to intense solar radiation, they would transfer heat into the spacecraft structure.

To prevent this, the non-explosive actuators that will separate the spacecraft from its companions in the composite stack are housed within the MPO. After separation, the Inter-Module Hardware (IMH) remains attached to the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) and the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF), neither of which will enter orbit around Mercury. Deployable shields will cover the holes in the MPO thermal blanket through which the IMH was attached to the internal interfaces.

Complex mechanical interface

The mechanical interface between the MPO and the MTM is further complicated by the fact that the cup-and-cone separation interfaces inside the MPO will be inaccessible once the spacecraft is fully integrated. The small separation between the two spacecraft once they are mated also makes the interface more difficult to work on. The IMH addresses these problems by providing an additional cup-and-cone interface in the gap between the two spacecraft. Cup-and-cone interfaces, which consist of a conical cone that fits into a matching cup and a clamp band that 'pre-loads', or pushes together, the two halves of the interface, allow the transfer of mechanical loads in all planes while permitting easy and controlled mating and separation when the clamp band is removed. During final stack integration, the completed MPO will be lowered onto the MTM and the interfaces will be secured with the clamp bands. At this stage, the 'upper' (-Z) face of the MTM will be populated with equipment, so a specially designed tool will be used to tighten the clamp band fasteners.

(http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/content/images/2012-04/BepiColombo_MPO-MTM-mating_0412_6_200.jpg) (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/content/images/2012-04/BepiColombo_MPO-MTM-mating_0412_8_200.jpg)

The reason for the temporary mating of the spacecraft on 11 April was to allow the precise positioning of the IMH cup hardware on the MTM -Z panel. The IMH is fixed to the MTM using bolts, but these are only designed to bear longitudinal stresses - that is, those due to forces acting perpendicular to the plane of the interface. Stresses due to lateral forces - those acting in the plane of the interface - will be borne by 'shear pins', since the friction between the IMH and the panels to which it is attached will be insufficient; the shear pins also increase the stiffness of the overall interface. In order for the shear pins to fulfil their function of preventing slippage at the IMH/panel interface, and also to ensure that they can be removed and replaced during ground operations, very tight tolerances are specified for the size and location of the holes that they fit into. This tight tolerance for the holes in the MTM -Z panel requires that the MPO with its IMH hardware attached be used as the 'template' for determining their position.

Marking-out with a 1600 kilogram 'template'

Until recently, the MPO has been mated to its ground handling trolley through ground brackets designed specifically for that purpose. In preparation for mating with the MTM, it was fitted with the Structural Model (StM) IMH that will connect the two spacecraft. To begin the 'templating' process, the clamp bands securing the IMH cones on the MPO to the IMH cups temporarily mounted on the ground handling trolley were released and the spacecraft was lifted off of its trolley by an overhead crane. The IMH cups were then removed from the trolley and replaced with their Mechanical Ground Support Equipment (MGSE) equivalents. The MPO was then returned to its trolley while the IMH cups were transferred to the MTM. Spacers are employed to prevent the StM IMH cones from making contact with the MGSE.

On the MTM, the StM IMH was bolted into position, but with the bolts left loose so that the IMH was still free to move laterally within the tolerance of the fixing holes. The MPO was then lifted by crane from its trolley to the MTM, where it was slowly lowered, so that the IMH cones mated with the cups on the MTM. Once the alignment of the two spacecraft had been carefully checked, the bolts securing the IMH cups to the MTM were tightened using a special tool to reach into the narrow gap between the spacecraft.

With the IMH cups precisely positioned on the MTM, the MPO was removed to allow the marking-out, drilling and reaming of the holes for the shear pins.

Now that the IMH has been fitted to the MTM, integration of additional hardware onto the transfer module will continue over the coming weeks.
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=50301
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 10.06.2012 16:31:06
Программа Русский космос 18

Самая маленькая планета в Солнечной системе сравнительно мало изучена космическими аппаратами. Первую полную карту поверхности Меркурия удалось составить лишь в 2009 году.
В 2015 году к ближайшей к Солнцу планете стартует экспедиция Европейского космического агентства "БепиКоломбо", одной из задач которой станет поиск водяного льда на полюсах Меркурия.
Для решения этой задачи в Институте космических исследований (ИКИ) РАН был разработан прибор МГНС (Меркурианский нейтронный и гамма-спектрометр), который будет установлен на борту "БепиКоломбо".
О том, чем еще привлекает учёных Меркурий, в эфире "Русского космоса" рассказал Максим Литвак, ведущий научный сотрудник лаборатории космической гамма-спектроскопии Института космических исследований РАН.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1FewCuvzbA
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 11.07.2012 21:51:10
http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=6845.msg928171#msg928171

BepiColombo Composite Spacecraft Mass Properties Measurements

10 Jul 2012 15:51

The mass properties of the BepiColombo Mercury Composite Spacecraft have been measured. This is the first time that the spacecraft structural and thermal model has been fully integrated, producing the configuration in which it will be launched and effect the transfer to Mercury.

(http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/70/BepiColombo_MCS-tests-Jun2012__PAVO-7042_410.jpg) (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/70/BepiColombo_MCS-tests-Jun2012__PAVO-7042.jpg)

http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=50552
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 18.08.2012 10:31:09
ВИДЕО

Good vibrations for BepiColombo
 
17 August 2012
ЦитатаMimicking the intense vibrations experienced by a satellite during launch, the engineering model of the BepiColombo mission to Mercury has been subjected to similar forces at ESA's spacecraft test facilities.

A major design issue for spacecraft arises from the intense environment experienced during launch, ranging from vigorous vibrations to deafening noise. It is essential to test spacecraft under similar conditions here on Earth, to ensure they will survive the violent ride to space.

In these videos of recent vibration tests, the BepiColombo structural and thermal model is in its launch configuration in the test facilities at ESTEC, ESA's technical centre in Noordwijk, the Netherlands.

BepiColombo is a joint mission between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency to explore the properties of Mercury, the enigmatic innermost planet in our Solar System.

The spacecraft comprises a number of components. Seen here from top to bottom are the sunshield, which conceals the Japanese Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, with the European Mercury Planetary Orbiter below. Underneath is the Mercury Transfer Module, which will deliver the two scientific satellites into orbit around the planet.  

During the tests the spacecraft was mounted on a table where it was shaken up-and-down or from side-to-side to mimic the vibrations it will experience when it lifts off on an Ariane 5 launch vehicle in 2015.

Each test lasted for 2.5 minutes during which the frequency of the vibrations was increased from 3 Hz to 100 Hz. At the lowest frequencies the spacecraft movement reached 10 cm, which decreased as the frequency continued to rise.

Other mechanical tests to simulate the launch and voyage in space include exposing the spacecraft to the tremendous noise a rocket produces, the harsh vacuum of space, and scorching temperatures of some 450°C that the modules will endure as they orbit around the closest planet to the Sun.

The engineering model will also be subjected to the shocks generated during the separation of BepiColombo from the launcher, the separation of the individual spacecraft modules and the deployment of its solar arrays and antennas.

BepiColombo is scheduled to launch in 2015 and will arrive at Mercury in 2022. The two orbiters will study the planet's composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere, and geological history.

As the nearest planet to the Sun, Mercury has an important role in the story of planet formation. Mercury together with Venus and Mars make up Earth's rocky neighbourhood. Each planet holds information necessary for understanding how the innermost planets of our Solar System formed and evolved.
http://www.esa.int/esaSC/SEMSTQYXP5H_index_0.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 27.08.2012 18:10:15
http://www.esa.int/esaSC/SEM4IA4Y96H_index_0.html
ЦитатаThe shock of separation[/size]
 
27 August 2012  

 Simulating separation shock  
 
The BepiColombo mission to Mercury has undergone a series of shock tests at ESA's test facilities to replicate conditions it will experience during its intense ride into space. This video shows tests to mimic the moment it separates from the launch vehicle.

 The spacecraft will be connected to the upper stage of an Ariane 5 rocket when it blasts off from Earth in 2015. Once the upper stage and its cargo have reached orbit, the pair will separate.

 This is achieved via a pyrotechnic device that will fire open a clamp band, allowing springs to push the spacecraft safely away from the upper stage.

 The firing of the pyrotechnic device causes a mechanical shock that transmits through the spacecraft.

 To ensure the components of BepiColombo will survive these shocks, and others that occur at fairing opening, rigorous assessments are being carried out at the spacecraft test facilities at ESTEC, ESA's technical centre in Noordwijk, the Netherlands.

 To simulate the launch vehicle separation, the spacecraft structural and thermal test model was suspended from an overhead crane above blocks of foam rubber.

 Compressed gas, rather than a pyrotechnic device, opened the clamp and the launch vehicle assembly unit dropped onto the cushioned surface.

 At the same time, a number of accelerometers mounted on the spacecraft measured the effect of the shock.

 Other mechanical tests to simulate the launch and voyage in space include exposing the spacecraft to the tremendous noise a rocket produces, the harsh vacuum of space, and scorching temperatures of some 450°C that the modules will endure as they orbit around the closest planet to the Sun.

 BepiColombo is an international mission between ESA and the Japanese Space Agency, JAXA. It is scheduled for launch in 2015 and will arrive at Mercury in 2022.

 The spacecraft comprises two scientific satellites, Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter and Europe's Mercury Planetary Orbiter.

 A third component, the Mercury Transfer Module, will deliver the two satellites into orbit around the planet, where they will study the planet's composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and geological history.[/size]
По ссылке есть видео.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 12.09.2012 20:43:21
http://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?showtopic=1753&view=findpost&p=191208
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=47346

ЦитатаKey mission dates

Date Mission event
15 August 2015 Launch
14 August 2016 Earth flyby
25 November 2017 First Venus flyby
18 July 2018 Second Venus flyby
15 February 2019 First Mercury flyby
07 November 2019 Second Mercury flyby
26 January 2021 Third Mercury flyby
08 March 2021 Fourth Mercury flyby
27 January 2022 Arrival at Mercury
27 April 2023 End of nominal mission
27 April 2024 End of extended mission

Торможение (или разгон?) ионниками и семь гравитационных маневров. Жесть короче :D
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 13.09.2012 19:42:21
ЦитатаТорможение (или разгон?) ионниками и семь гравитационных маневров. Жесть короче :D

Кстати говоря, до переноса на 2015й план полета выглядел следующим образом:

Старт с Земли- 19.07.2014
Пролет Земли - 26.07.2015
1й пролет Венеры - 18.01.2016
2й пролет Венеры - 29.08.2016
1й пролет Меркурия - 05.09.2017
2й пролет Меркурия - 27.05.2018
3й пролет Меркурия - 17.08.2019
4й пролет Меркурия - 27.09.2019
Выход на орбиту вокруг Меркурия - 13.11.2020

В принципе это схема, опробованная MESSENGER'ом. Выход на орбиту, близкую к орбите Земли, встреча с ней примерно через год после старта, перелет к орбите Венеры. Затем, чтобы дотянуться до орбиты Меркурия, 2 пролета Венеры, обычно они разделены одним венерианским годом. И наконец несколько пролетов Меркурия на резонансных орбитах. Единственное отличие от MESSENGER'a состоит разве в том, что все большие коррекции теперь размазаны вдоль орбиты длинными дугами работы ионников. Ну и собственно итоговый подход к сфере действия Меркурия, последние 1.8 км/с, тоже на ионниках.
Итого - 5.5 лет в пути, 4 км/с ХС собственными силами.

Однако теперь пуск перенесли на год и вся красота рассыпалась. Венера ушла из точки встречи, поэтому ее первый пролет состоится не через 6 месяцев после пролета Земли, а через 15. С Меркурием попроще, но тоже лезут всякие побочные неоптимальности.
Итого - 6.5 лет в пути + год отсрочки, ХС примерно та же.

ЗЫ А будь у них Атлас 5 (551), можно было бы весь колхоз отправить сразу к Венере и сэкономить тем 2 года полета.  :D
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Bizonich от 14.09.2012 09:44:30
Цитатаhttp://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?showtopic=1753&view=findpost&p=191208
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=47346

ЦитатаKey mission dates

Date Mission event
15 August 2015 Launch
14 August 2016 Earth flyby
25 November 2017 First Venus flyby
18 July 2018 Second Venus flyby
15 February 2019 First Mercury flyby
07 November 2019 Second Mercury flyby
26 January 2021 Third Mercury flyby
08 March 2021 Fourth Mercury flyby
27 January 2022 Arrival at Mercury
27 April 2023 End of nominal mission
27 April 2024 End of extended mission

Торможение (или разгон?) ионниками и семь гравитационных маневров. Жесть короче :D
Это даже не жесть, это я даже не знаю как назвать.  :shock: Мессенджер 7 лет летел. А он вообще 9.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: smokan от 14.09.2012 09:50:39
Цитата
Цитатаhttp://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?showtopic=1753&view=findpost&p=191208
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=47346

ЦитатаKey mission dates

Date Mission event
15 August 2015 Launch
14 August 2016 Earth flyby
25 November 2017 First Venus flyby
18 July 2018 Second Venus flyby
15 February 2019 First Mercury flyby
07 November 2019 Second Mercury flyby
26 January 2021 Third Mercury flyby
08 March 2021 Fourth Mercury flyby
27 January 2022 Arrival at Mercury
27 April 2023 End of nominal mission
27 April 2024 End of extended mission

Торможение (или разгон?) ионниками и семь гравитационных маневров. Жесть короче :D
Это даже не жесть, это я даже не знаю как назвать.  :shock: Мессенджер 7 лет летел. А он вообще 9.

Как 9? Не 9, а 6,5, смотрите где Arrival at Mercury
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Bizonich от 14.09.2012 10:01:53
ЦитатаКак 9? Не 9, а 6,5, смотрите где Arrival at Mercury
Точно, спасибо, не посмотрел. Значит нормально.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 07.12.2012 23:29:51
http://www.spacenews.com/article/thales-alenia-space-to-build-bepicolombo-components#.UMJBJ6y3mHA
ЦитатаThales Alenia Space To Build BepiColombo Components
Dec. 7, 2012
(http://d.img22.rian.ru/images/58075/76/580757695.jpg)
ESA's BepiColombo. Credit: Thales Alenia artist's concept

PARIS -- Thales Alenia Space Italy has signed a contract valued at 200 million euros ($260 million) with Astrium GmbH of Germany to provide telecommunications, thermal control and electric-power systems for Europe's $1 billion BepiColombo Mercury orbiter, Thales Alenia Space announced Dec. 5.

The contract comes five years after the two companies signed an original authorization to proceed that allowed hardware design to begin.

BepiColombo, whose budget and schedule have slipped on several occasions as the satellite grew in weight, forcing a launch aboard a heavy-lift Ariane 5 instead of a medium-lift Soyuz rocket, is currently scheduled for launch in 2015.

The European Space Agency (ESA) is managing BepiColombo in cooperation with Japan's JAXA space agency. ESA's work includes the Astrium- and Thales Alenia Space-built Mercury Planetary Orbiter. JAXA is providing the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter.

Both orbiters will be launched aboard the same Ariane 5 vehicle on a 6.5-year journey to Mercury orbit attached to the Mercury Transfer Module. Once in Mercury orbit, the two satellites will separate.

The satellites are scheduled to operate for a year at Mercury to investigate the origins and evolution of the planet, with a possible one-year extension. One of the principal design challenges is to withstand the temperature extremes in Mercury orbit, as high as 350 degrees Celsius on the side facing the sun.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 08.12.2012 13:55:18
А "Кассини" к Сатурну 7. А ведь Меркурий я время от времени вижу на закате. :oops:
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Молодой от 08.12.2012 15:17:37
Цитатаpkl пишет:
А "Кассини" к Сатурну 7. А ведь Меркурий я время от времени вижу на закате.  :oops:
Интересно, какой двигатель нужен для прямого полета к Меркурию, чтоб погасить эти 30 км/с, ЯРД  или плазменный РД сойдут?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: ZOOR от 28.12.2012 12:55:11
http://www.iki.rssi.ru/annual/2012/R32_OKR_NIR-12.pdf
ЦитатаПроект МСП-2001
 
В рамках ОКР по теме МСП-2001 Федерального космического агентства ведутся опытно-конструкторские разработки аппаратуры для экспериментов:  
- проект «Меркурианский нейтронный и гамма спектрометр» (МГНС) для орбитального КА ЕКА «Бепи Коломбо» (БК, срок запуска - II-е полугодие 2014 года).
-  прибор МГНС.  Все работы выполнены в соответствии с Техническим заданием на ОКР по теме.

Руководитель проекта: Д.ф.м.н. Митрофанов И.Г. тел.: (495) 333-3489, imitrofa@space.ru
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 28.12.2012 20:14:03
ЦитатаZOOR пишет:
 http://www.iki.rssi.ru/annual/2012/R32_OKR_NIR-12.pdf 
Цитата- прибор МГНС. Все работы выполнены в соответствии с Техническим заданием на ОКР по теме.


Насколько помню, этим летом или в сентябре уже проводились (успешно) интеграционные тесты МГНС в Фридрихсхафене, приезжали двое ребят из команды Митрофанова
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 15.03.2013 17:55:53
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Technology/How_to_cook_a_spacecraft
ЦитатаHow to cook a spacecraft
27 February 2013

The faint aroma of hot metal filled the surrounding cleanroom as the hatch to ESA's newest test facility was slid aside, concluding a 23-day 'bake-out' of the largest segment of ESA's mission to Mercury.

Ending on the early hours of 14 February, this test ensured ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter - MPO, part of the multi-module BepiColombo mission - was cleaned of potential contaminants in advance of its 2015 mission to the inner Solar System.

The bake-out took place at ESA's technical heart, ESTEC in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, which includes a dedicated Test Centre equipped to simulate all aspects of the space environment.

MPO will fly to the innermost planet with Japan's Mercury Magnetosphere Orbiter, riding together on ESA's propulsion module. But not before getting cooked first.

"Being close to Mercury and experiencing high temperatures, the release of molecules fr om spacecraft materials is expected to occur at higher quantities than for normal satellites," explains Jan van Casteren, BepiColombo Project Manager.

"Such molecules are a contamination threat if they condense on sensitive surfaces, so we need to minimise outgassing in order to protect our delicate scientific instrumentation on the spacecraft."

So an initial bake-out of the various spacecraft segments is essential for cleaning purposes - in this case MPO's 'Proto-Flight Model', incorporating its propulsion system and heat pipes that regulate its temperature.

A new test facility called Phenix hosted the bake-out, a 4.5 m-diameter stainless steel vacuum chamber 11.8 m long, with an inner box called the 'thermal tent' whose six copper walls can be heated up to 100°C or cooled via piped liquid nitrogen down to -190°C, all independent from each other.

"This test was different from more typical thermal vacuum testing because, while the sides and top of the chamber were kept heated to around 50°C, the underside remained cooled by liquid nitrogen throughout," explains Mark Wagner, Head of ESTEC's Test Facilities & Test Methods Section.

"This creates a 'cold trap' wh ere the contaminants baked off from the satellite solidify for collection. But sustaining this environment required 1500 litres of liquid nitrogen per hour - on average three tankers were calling at ESTEC daily to top up our supply."

The test was monitored 24 hours per day on a triple shift system, with care being taken to maintain the temperatures precisely and ensure a continuous flow of data.

Outgassing production was monitored throughout the test, and the bake-out results are now being analysed. A non-trivial amount of contaminants are expected to have been produced - 'spoonfuls' of material.

Now Phenix itself is being thoroughly cleaned, ready for its next customer.
BepiColombo MPO inside Phenix

"Phenix was put in place to extend the range of thermal vacuum test services on offer to ESTEC Test Centre customers," explains Mark. "It is able to accommodate large subsystems or entire spacecraft."

Phenix was cleared for use last December, after which preparations began immediately for BepiColombo testing.

"The chamber will be kept busy for much of the rest of this year accommodating a forthcoming batch of Galileo satellites," Mark concludes.

"This will be more traditional testing - simulating the temperature extremes the Galileo satellites must endure throughout their 12-year working lifetimes."

(http://spaceinimages.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2013/02/bepicolombo_mpo_being_placed_in_phenix_thermal_vacuum_test_facility2/12544291-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_MPO_being_placed_in_Phenix_thermal_vacuum_test_facility.jpg)
Mercury Planetary Orbiter being placed in Phenix thermal vacuum facility

(http://spaceinimages.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2013/02/bepicolombo_mpo_inside_phenix/12542948-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_MPO_inside_Phenix.jpg)
BepiColombo MPO inside Phenix
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 15.03.2013 18:00:38
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/The_mercury_rises_for_BepiColombo
ЦитатаThe Mercury rises for BepiColombo

 11 March 2013

The engineering model of the BepiColombo Mercury Transfer Module has completed a 12-day Sun-simulation test inside the Large Space Simulator at ESA's test centre in the Netherlands, where it received a taste of the extreme solar heating it will experience when it enters orbit around the Solar System's innermost planet in 2022.

The image was taken during a dry run on 20 February, during which the facility's motion system replicated the different orientations of the simulated solar beam and the positions of the test table.

The real test, in vacuum, began on 26 February and continued non-stop for 12 days. During this time the module was subjected to ten times the solar heating experienced by satellites circling Earth.

Some of the 121 hexagonal mirror segments that direct the simulated solar radiation onto the spacecraft are visible towards the top of the image. The aperture through which the 'sunlight' travels fr om the nineteen 25 kW lamps can be seen just to the left of the mirror segments.

The Mercury Transfer Module will carry the mission's two scientific satellites - Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter and Europe's Mercury Planetary Orbiter - into orbit around Mercury. The spacecraft will use electric propulsion to reach its destination.

In this view, one of four ion propulsion engines has already been installed (the grey cylinder close to the centre of the unit), while part of the solar array drive protrudes from the right side of the module.

Earlier this month, the mission's Mercury Planetary Orbiter Mechanical and Propulsion Bus Proto-Flight Model completed a 'bake out' in the Phenix thermal vacuum facility at ESA's ESTEC test facility. This heated the unit to 60°C in a vacuum for 23 days to remove any contaminants that would outgas in space.

BepiColombo is an international mission between ESA and the Japan's JAXA space agency. It is scheduled for launch in 2015 and will arrive at Mercury in 2022, wh ere it will study the planet's composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and geological history.

(http://spaceinimages.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2013/03/bepicolombo_module_in_space_simulator/12561275-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_module_in_space_simulator_node_full_image.jpg) (http://spaceinimages.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2013/03/bepicolombo_module_in_space_simulator/12561275-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_module_in_space_simulator.jpg)
BepiColombo module in space simulator
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 16.03.2013 01:08:10
ЦитатаМолодой пишет:
Цитатаpkl пишет:
А "Кассини" к Сатурну 7. А ведь Меркурий я время от времени вижу на закате.  :oops:  
Интересно, какой двигатель нужен для прямого полета к Меркурию, чтоб погасить эти 30 км/с, ЯРД или плазменный РД сойдут?
Честно говоря, с трудом себе представляю такой двигатель. Мегаваттный ионник? Солнечный парус? :oops:
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: ZOOR от 21.12.2013 18:49:56
http://www.iki.rssi.ru/annual/2013/R32_OKR_NIR-13.pdf
Цитата2.2 Спектрометрические приборы с российским участием в проекте ESA и JAXA «Бепи Коломбо»

По проекту «Бепи Коломбо» в текущем году продолжалась работа с летными образцами следующих спектрометрических приборов для изучения поверхности и экзосферы Меркурия. Натриевая камера МСАСИ, разрабатываемая в кооперации Японии и России для японского аппарата ММО и ультрафиолетовый спектрометр Фебус, разрабатываемый в кооперации с Франции, России и Японии для европейского аппарата МРО. Запуск КА планируется в 2016 году ракетой Ариан 5 с европейского космодрома в Куру.
Планируемое время полета до Меркурия 6 лет.
Руководитель: д. ф.-м. н. Кораблев О.И., korab@iki.rssi.ru, Котцов В.А., vladkott@mail.ru
и бОлее оптимистичный прогноз
ЦитатаПроект МСП-2001

В рамках ОКР по теме МСП-2001 Федерального космического агентства ведутся опытно-конструкторские разработки аппаратуры для экспериментов:
проект «Меркурианский нейтронный и гамма спектрометр» (МГНС) для орбитального КА ЕКА «Бепи Коломбо» (БК, срок запуска - II-е полугодие 2014 года).
прибор МГНС. Все работы выполнены в соответствии с Техническим заданием на ОКР по теме.
Руководитель проекта:
Д.ф.м.н. Митрофанов И.Г. тел.: (495) 333-3489, imitrofa@space.ru

Наверное, они на разных Коломбах полетят :(
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 14.08.2014 17:42:45
Летом 2013 года сообщали, что запуск состоится в 2015-м. Сейчас смотрю - тихой сапой перенесли на год позже.
LAUNCH : 07/2016
 ARRIVAL AROUND MERCURY: 01/2023
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Пел Лин от 14.08.2014 15:06:38
ЦитатаМолодой пишет:
Цитатаpkl пишет:
А "Кассини" к Сатурну 7. А ведь Меркурий я время от времени вижу на закате.  :oops:  
Интересно, какой двигатель нужен для прямого полета к Меркурию, чтоб погасить эти 30 км/с, ЯРД или плазменный РД сойдут?
А зачем 30? Это на  Солнце чтобы упасть нужно 30км/сек.  А до Меркурия долететь, если без раскручивающийся  спирали  от земной орбиты, хватит ХС около 9 км/сек
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Quoondо от 31.10.2014 23:01:56
Я так понимаю проект вообще отменили? - очень жаль. Много читал про его мутарства в инете. Жаль что каждый год переносили-переносили и в результате совсем отменили. Меркурию и Венере полюбому не хватает новой АМС. Может индусы с китайцами подстрахуют.. :?:
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 01.11.2014 00:25:42
ЦитатаQuoondо пишет:
Я так понимаю проект вообще отменили? - очень жаль. Много читал про его мутарства в инете. Жаль что каждый год переносили-переносили и в результате совсем отменили. Меркурию и Венере полюбому не хватает новой АМС. Может индусы с китайцами подстрахуют..  :?:
Проект не отменили. Аппарат уже тестируется.  Где вы про отмену прочитали? Ссылку дайте.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Quoondо от 31.10.2014 23:51:33
ЦитатаAndrey Samoilov пишет:
ЦитатаQuoondо пишет:
Я так понимаю проект вообще отменили? - очень жаль. Много читал про его мутарства в инете. Жаль что каждый год переносили-переносили и в результате совсем отменили. Меркурию и Венере полюбому не хватает новой АМС. Может индусы с китайцами подстрахуют..  :?:  
Проект не отменили. Аппарат уже тестируется. Где вы про отмену прочитали? Ссылку дайте.
Прошу прощения, невнимательно новости читаю. Отстал от жизни. Просто я так понял его прикрыли. В начале в 14-ом году хотели запустить потом в 15-ом, теперь на 16-й перенесли. В интернете про него ничего не написано, где-то читал что вроде у ЕКА нет денег. И приоритеты у них другие типа.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 01.11.2014 02:32:42
ЦитатаQuoondо пишет:
Прошу прощения, невнимательно новости читаю. Отстал от жизни. Просто я так понял его прикрыли. В начале в 14-ом году хотели запустить потом в 15-ом, теперь на 16-й перенесли. В интернете про него ничего не написано, где-то читал что вроде у ЕКА нет денег. И приоритеты у них другие типа.
На английском писали в сентябре:  http://sprg.isas.jaxa.jp/researchTeam/spacePlasma/symposiumH26/BepiColombo_swt2014.html

По-русски пишут, к сожалению, мало.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 06.01.2015 17:08:07
Testing ESA's Mercury mission
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6Fsl8am3QA

ЦитатаEurope's Mercury mission is moved through ESA's ESTEC Test Centre in this new video, positioning it for testing inside the largest vacuum chamber in Europe, for a trial by vacuum.

BepiColombo, Europe's first mission to study Mercury, is a joint mission with Japan. Two spacecraft - the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - will fly in two different paths around the planet to study it from complementary perspectives.

Flight hardware for the mission is undergoing testing at ESA's Technical Centre, ESTEC, in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, the largest spacecraft test facility in Europe, to prepare for its 2016 launch.

The Mercury Planetary Orbiter was placed inside the chamber in late October for 'thermal-vacuum' testing. It will sit in vacuum until early December, subjected to the equivalent temperature extremes that will be experienced in Mercury orbit.

Liquid nitrogen runs through the walls of the chamber to recreate the chill of empty space, while an array of lamps focuses simulated sunlight 10 times more intense than on Earth.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6Fsl8am3QA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6Fsl8am3QA)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 19.03.2015 13:24:37
The Mercury Magnetosphere Orbiter (MMO) was shown to the media
http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/bepi/topics.html#topics4253

ЦитатаThe Mercury Magnetosphere Orbiter (MMO) was shown to the media on March 15.

The Mercury Exploration Mission "BepiColomobo" is now under development with a target launch for JFY 2016. The MMO will be shipped to Europe soon to be placed in the BepiColombo.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/53622)

Интерактивные фото
https://photosynth.net/preview/view/790a330e-558d-427e-a5c4-ed7339c5ad69
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 31.03.2015 10:48:56
Запуск перенесли на 2017 год
http://sci.esa.int/bepicolombo/55693-bepicolombo-launch-moved-to-2017/ (http://sci.esa.int/bepicolombo/55693-bepicolombo-launch-moved-to-2017/)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 30.04.2015 12:21:03
ЦитатаUnboxing the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter at ESA's Test Centre, Japan's contribution to the joint BepiColombo mission to the innermost world of our Solar System.

MMO will sit at the top of the BepiColombo stack on launch in January 2017. It will be placed atop ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), which will be attached in turn to a carrier spacecraft, the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), tasked with transporting the other two via highly efficient electric propulsion.

While MPO will go into an approximately 400 x 1500 km mapping orbit around Mercury, MMO will enter a highly elliptical orbit to study the planet's enigmatically strong magnetic field.

The two spacecraft employ differing strategies to cope with temperatures in excess of 350°C involved in operating around the closest world to the Sun. The octagonal MMO will spin 15 times per minute to distribute heat evenly across its highly polished surface.

MPO, meanwhile, will maintain a steady attitude, covered with high-temperature insulation with a rear-facing radiator behind protective louvres that will dump waste heat into space.

But since MMO cannot spin during BepiColombo's seven-year cruise phase, it will be fitted with a dedicated sunshield, the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure.

MPO has undergone thermal balance/thermal vacuum testing, with MTM scheduled to do the same towards the end of the year.

MMO's arrival at ESTEC in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, on 20 April will allow follow-on mechanical testing of the complete stack, known as the Mercury Composite Spacecraft.

http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2015/04/Unboxing_Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter_flight_model
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/54343)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 26.01.2016 18:59:57
Radio testing of BepiColombo orbiter (http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2016/01/Radio_testing_of_BepiColombo_orbiter)

ЦитатаIf ESA's Mercury orbiter of the BepiColombo mission seems to stand at an unusual angle above its test chamber floor, that's because it does - intentionally so.

The orbiter underwent 'electromagnetic compatibility, radiated emission and susceptibility' testing last month inside the Maxwell chamber of ESA's ESTEC Test Centre in Noordwijk, the Netherlands.

Maxwell's shielded metal walls and doors form a 'Faraday cage' to block unwanted external electromagnetic radiation, while its internal walls are cover with 'anechoic' radio-absorbing foam pyramids to mimic boundless space.

"We are performing two types of compatibility testing," explained Marco Gaido, assembly, integration and test manager for BepiColombo.

"First, we are checking the craft is electrically compatible with the electrical field generated by the Ariane 5 launcher that will deliver it into orbit, with no possibility of interference with BepiColombo's receivers.

"Secondly, we are testing if there is any risk of incompatibility between the different subsystems of the spacecraft itself when it orbits Mercury. In particular, we want to check that its trio of antennas on top can communicate properly with Earth.

"Accordingly, it was deliberately oriented to simulate a worst-case scenario for test purposes."

The orbiter was positioned to allow deployment of its medium-gain antenna in terrestrial gravity. The high-gain antenna reflector meanwhile was deployed in a worst-case position, supported by a dedicated fixture.

The spacecraft was tilted by means of a large platform while the high-gain antenna was supported by a tower made of wood, transparent to radio waves. All test cables used were shielded to reduce potential interference.

ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter will be launched to Mercury together with Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter aboard an ESA-built carrier spacecraft, the Mercury Transfer Module. This entire three-module BepiColombo stack will undergo similar testing at ESTEC.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/60611)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Андрей Логинов от 18.05.2016 11:36:29
Цитатаinstml пишет:
Программа Русский космос 18

Самая маленькая планета в Солнечной системе сравнительно мало изучена космическими аппаратами. Первую полную карту поверхности Меркурия удалось составить лишь в 2009 году.
В 2015 году к ближайшей к Солнцу планете стартует экспедиция Европейского космического агентства "БепиКоломбо", одной из задач которой станет поиск водяного льда на полюсах Меркурия.
Для решения этой задачи в Институте космических исследований (ИКИ) РАН был разработан прибор МГНС (Меркурианский нейтронный и гамма-спектрометр), который будет установлен на борту "БепиКоломбо".
О том, чем еще привлекает учёных Меркурий, в эфире "Русского космоса" рассказал Максим Литвак, ведущий научный сотрудник лаборатории космической гамма-спектроскопии Института космических исследований РАН.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1FewCuvzbA
Уже 2016 год, а о миссии ни слуху ни духу.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: pkl от 18.05.2016 23:38:00
Выше написано, что на 2017 г. перенесли.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 19.05.2016 08:55:42
Не знаю, что там написано, но официально пуск на данный момент в апреле 2018
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Андрей Логинов от 22.05.2016 12:28:38
ЦитатаSOE пишет:
Не знаю, что там написано, но официально пуск на данный момент в апреле 2018
Все дальше и дальше.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 08.09.2016 11:30:53
ЦитатаThales Alenia Space ‏@Thales_Alenia_S  (https://twitter.com/Thales_Alenia_S) · 17 minutes ago (https://twitter.com/Thales_Alenia_S/status/773796185333178369)

A 33-people team from @Thales_Alenia_S (https://twitter.com/Thales_Alenia_S) in #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash) working on @bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) since July 2014. Launch scheduled in 2018.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/65294)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Quооndo от 09.09.2016 22:59:09
Вначале была информация что будут пускать на Союзе СТ, теперь Ариан 5. Почему?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 09.09.2016 23:26:53
Однако
За время пути
Собака
Могла подрасти!
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: ZOOR от 15.09.2016 21:14:58
Чудеса невиданной щедрости.
На 5 лет дают 4 миллиона за сопровождение работы российского  прибора МСАСИ на ММО.
http://zakupki.gov.ru/epz/order/notice/ep44/view/common-info.html?regNumber=0995000000216000112
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 15.09.2016 22:05:16
ЦитатаZOOR пишет:
На 5 лет дают 4 миллиона за сопровождение работы российского прибора МСАСИ
На Фебус не дают?

з.ы. JAXSA, надо же )
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Vi1 от 16.09.2016 13:16:32
Цитатаche wi пишет:
з.ы. JAXSA, надо же )
Текст набирала девочка, ей, что JAXSA, что JAXA, один хрен...
ЦитатаZOOR пишет:
Чудеса невиданной щедрости
Грустно это все
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: vogel от 11.12.2016 00:55:41
ЦитатаBEPICOLOMBO LAUNCH RESCHEDULED FOR OCTOBER 2018

25 November 2016
An ambitious, multi-spacecraft mission to explore the planet Mercury in unprecedented detail is now scheduled for lift-off from Europe's spaceport at Kourou, French Guiana, in October 2018.
 

BepiColombo, a joint project of ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), was scheduled for launch in April 2018, but the mission team has decided to delay lift-off for six months.
The decision was made after a major electrical problem was detected during preparations for a thermal test of the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), one of the major spacecraft elements of BepiColombo.
"Launch during the April 2018 window will not be possible, due to a problem in one of the power processing units," said ESA's project manager, Ulrich Reininghaus. "We have identified the root cause, but both units will have to be recertified for flight and this is expected to put back our preparations by about four months. This means the earliest opportunity to launch will be October 2018."
The six-month postponement will have no impact on the science return of the mission. However, the new flight time to Mercury will be 7.2 years, and BepiColombo will now arrive in December 2025, one year later than previously anticipated. The seven-year cruise to the innermost planet of our Solar System will include 9 flybys of Earth, Venus and Mercury.
"Unfortunately, we will have to wait longer than planned to reach Mercury," said Johannes Benkhoff, ESA's BepiColombo project scientist. "However, we have full confidence that the mission will be a success and return groundbreaking results."
BepiColombo comprises two scientific spacecraft: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). Both of these will be delivered to the smallest planet in the Solar System by the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM). Shortly before Mercury orbit insertion, the MTM will be jettisoned from the spacecraft stack. 
The MTM, MPO and MMO are currently undergoing intensive tests in ESA's European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in the Netherlands. Everything is going well with the MPO and MMO. The last of the instrument flight models was installed recently on the MPO.
Once the MTM is back on track, the entire BepiColombo stack will be subjected to vibration testing - expected in April next year.
http://sci.esa.int/bepicolombo/58591-bepicolombo-launch-rescheduled-for-october-2018/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 13.12.2016 22:16:58
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/805698111029047297/jGs3kmpp_bigger.jpg) Peter B. de Selding ‏@pbdes  (https://twitter.com/pbdes)  8 ч.8 часов назад (https://twitter.com/pbdes/status/808627974203445248)  
ESA: 'Major electrical problem' on BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module power processing units forces 6-mnth launch delay, to October 2018.
 (https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CzjSBDCWEAAF3Nh.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 14.02.2017 19:37:08
http://www.roscosmos.ru/23242/
Цитата14 февраля 2017 года Госкорпорация «РОСКОСМОС» и Национальный центр космических исследований Франции (CNES, «КНЕС») подписали соглашение о разработке и создании элементов прибора PHEBUS («ФЕБУС»), ультрафиолетового спектрометра для исследования экзосферы Меркурия для космического аппарата «МПО» (Меркурианский орбитальный аппарат) Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) в рамках реализации совместного российско-европейского проекта BepiColombo.
   PHEBUS - ультрафиолетовый спектрометр, предназначенный для измерения состава и динамики экзосферы Меркурия. ФЕБУС состоит из двойного спектрометра для диапазонов жесткой (около 55 - 155 нм) и дальней (около 145 - 315 нм) ультрафиолетовых областей спектра. Для осуществления визирования прибора по полному кругу 360 градусов, близкому к плоскости орбиты станции, используется вращающееся зеркало.
Головной разработчик научного оборудования для зонда - CNES. В частности, французское агентство осуществляет руководство разработкой прибора PHEBUS и соответствующей системы наземного обеспечения, а также управляет интеграцией прибора на системном уровне, сбором, распространением и архивированием данных.
РОСКОСМОС обеспечит разработку, изготовление, автономные испытания и доставку французской стороне российской части прибора - поворотного механизма. Кроме того, РОСКОСМОС окажет поддержку при установке и тестировании прибора PHEBUS на космическом аппарате после его поставки ЕКА. 
По поручению Госкорпорации «РОСКОСМОС», соисполнителем по созданию поворотного механизма для данного научного прибора назначается Институт космических исследований Российской Академии наук (ИКИ РАН). С французской стороны партнером выбрана Лаборатория по исследованию атмосфер, сред и космических наблюдений (LATMOS).
Проект BepiColombo: изучение состава поверхности Меркурия и окружающего его пространства, в том числе - наблюдение невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия; оценка геологического пути развития планеты; изучение химического состава поверхности и ее внутренней структуры; анализ происхождения магнитного поля и исследование его взаимодействия с солнечным ветром; поиск наличия или отсутствия льда в полярных областях. Межпланетный зонд планируется запустить к Меркурию в апреле 2018 года. Предприятия Госкорпорации «РОСКОСМОС» участвуют в создании космического аппарата.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 14.02.2017 19:42:51
Модераторы!
Дописать бы  описание темы: Меркурианский орбитальный аппарат
А заодно - и год поправить.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 05.05.2017 22:49:15
Цитатаhttp://press.cosmos.ru/integraciya-rossiyskih-priborov-v-sostav-nauchnoy-nagruzki-apparatov-k-merkuriyu
4 мая 2017
Интеграция российских приборов в состав научной нагрузки аппаратов к Меркурию практически завершена

Статус миссии «БепиКоломбо» (BepiColombo) был представлен на заседании Совета РАН по космосу 27 апреля 2017 года. С докладами о российском вкладе в научную нагрузку миссии выступили член-корр. РАН Олег Кораблев, руководитель отдела физики планет и малых тел Солнечной системы ИКИ РАН, и Игорь Митрофанов, руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии ИКИ РАН.
Проект по изучению Меркурия назван в честь итальянского математика и инженера Джузеппе Коломбо (1920-84), который, в частности, разрабатывал траектории аппаратов для подлета и изучения Меркурия. Миссия, которая включает два космических аппарата, работающие на разных орбитах, разрабатывается в кооперации Европейского космического агентства и Японского агентства аэрокосмических исследований. Российские ученые принимают участие в научной программе миссии; три прибора в составе научной аппаратуры создаются в Институте космических исследований РАН.
Российские приборы в составе миссии:
      [/li]
    • МГНС (Меркурианский гамма- и нейтронный спектрометр). Прибор установлен на борту аппарата MPO, его задачи: изучение элементного состава вещества поверхности Меркурия, что позволит уточнить представления об образовании и эволюции планеты; измерения отношения калия к торию и сопоставление этой величины с тем, что известны о других планетах земной группы, а также изучение полярных районов Меркурия и сопоставление их с полярными районами Луны. Прибор разработан в отдела ядерной планетологии ИКИ РАН, научный руководитель -- д.ф.-м.н. Игорь Митрофанов.
    • PHEBUS (Probing of Hermean Exosphere by Ultraviolet Spectroscopy) -- ультрафиолетовый спектрометр для измерения состава и динамики экзосферы Меркурия на борту аппарата MPO. Головной разработчик -- Национальный центр космических исследований Франции. Разработка отдела физики планет ИКИ РАН -- входной оптический блок с системой наведения прибора в заданном направлении. Научный соруководитель с российской стороны -- д.ф.-м.н. Олег Кораблев.
    • MSASI (Mercury Sodium Atmospheric Spectral Imager) -- камера наблюдения в лучах натрия, разрабатываемая в кооперации России и Японии, установлена на борту аппарата MMO. Главная задача прибора - определение причин появления натрия в экзосфере Меркурия. Российский вклад -- блок оптико-механической  развертки  для  получения  изображения - разработан в отделе физики планет ИКИ РАН. Научный соруководитель с российской стороны -- д.ф.-м.н. Олег Кораблев.
    • PICAM (Planetary Ion Camera) -- панорамный энерго-масс-спектрометр положительно заряженных ионов в составе плазменного комплекса SERENA (Search for Exospheric Refilling and Emitted Natural Abundances), совместная разработка ученых Австрии, Франции и России, установлен на борту аппарата MPO. Главная задача эксперимента - исследования потока ионов с поверхности планеты и ионов солнечного ветра в магнитосфере Меркурия, и таким образом, изучение грунта Меркурия и его взаимодействия с экзосферой планеты. Цели эксперимента -- определить химический состав грунта, изучить физические процессы выброса с поверхности нейтральных частиц и измерить потоки магнитосферных ионов, которые возвращаются на поверхность; понять, существует ли у Меркурия ионосфера и каким образом происходит конвекция плазмы вблизи него, прояснить структуру магнитосферы и особенности её взаимодействия с солнечным ветром. Вклад ИКИ РАН -- разработка электронно-оптической схемы. Научный соруководитель с российской стороны -- д.ф.-м.н. Олег Вайсберг, главный научный сотрудник отдела физики космической плазмы.
    [/li]
«Все наши обязательства перед иностранными партнерами выполнены в срок», - отметил Олег Кораблев в ходе выступления. «Сейчас еще продолжаются некоторые испытания на борту космических аппаратов, но фактически интеграция уже завершена. Ожидаются испытания всего комплекса» - добавил он.
Программа проекта была утверждена Европейским космическим агентством, Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований в 2008 году. Запуск миссии намечен на октябрь 2018 года, и будет произведен ракетой-носителем «Ариан-5».
 http://www.planetary-department-iki.ru/projects/future/bepi-colombo/phebus.html
 http://www.planetary-department-iki.ru/projects/future/bepi-colombo/msasi.html
 https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/pribory/mgns
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 05.05.2017 22:50:30
ЦитатаМежпланетный зонд планируется запустить к Меркурию в апреле 2018 года
а сейчас
ЦитатаЗапуск миссии намечен на октябрь 2018 года
а нет, это у нас Роскосмос тормозил, на предыдущей странице тоже октябрь.


p.s. фотоальбом на сайте JAXA http://jda.jaxa.jp/category_p.php?lang=j&page=1&category1=256&category2=306&category3=307&page_pics=50
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 19.05.2017 11:15:08
http://sovet.cosmos.ru/sessions/2017-04-27
ЦитатаЗаседание Совета РАН по космосу 27 апреля 2017 года
 
1. О работах по российскому участию в проекте «Бепи-Коломбо» (ЕКА)
Докладчики:
член-корреспондент РАН Кораблев О.И. (ИКИ РАН) (http://sovet.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/pvd-1-1.pptx)
д.ф.-м.н. Митрофанов Игорь Георгиевич (ИКИ РАН) (http://sovet.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/pvd-1-2.pptx)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 12.06.2017 19:25:16
http://m.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/06/Mercury_Transfer_Module_solar_wing_deployment
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 05.07.2017 13:11:01
BepiColombo's journey to Mercury (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yp-q1wqgig)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yp-q1wqgig (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yp-q1wqgig)

ЦитатаAnimation visualising BepiColombo's 7.2 year journey to Mercury.

This animation is based on a launch date of 5 October, marking the start of the launch window in October 2018. It illustrates the gravity assist
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 05.07.2017 13:24:34
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72570) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72571)

http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/07/BepiColombo_acoustic_test
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 05.07.2017 13:28:28
MPO (Mercury Planetary Orbiter)

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72572) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72573)

http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/07/MPO_s_science_instruments3
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 05.07.2017 13:32:33
MMO (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter)

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72574) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/72575)

http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/07/MMO_s_science_instruments2
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 17:17:23
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png) BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/882922676146327552)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) completes tests in full stack configuration - mission status summarized: http://ow.ly/jvQ430dopSr  (https://t.co/2MynetPr8Z)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEDFfh6WAAA9-PT.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 17:19:19
ЦитатаBepiColombo vibration test

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 6 июл. 2017 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jh3ViOpKqY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jh3ViOpKqY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jh3ViOpKqY) (2:11)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 17:20:30
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png) BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/882947904100589571)

#bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash) stack as just seen from clean room viewing gallery, now with protective cover removed from folded MPO solar array
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEDcb9fXYAIwveg.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 17:22:36
ЦитатаMercury Transfer Module solar wing deployment

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 6 июл. 2017 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOi_bWLlfNM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOi_bWLlfNM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOi_bWLlfNM) (4:12)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 17:26:25
ЦитатаMercury Planetary Orbiter solar wing deployment

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 6 июл. 2017 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aa1JIlzgj5I
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aa1JIlzgj5I (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aa1JIlzgj5I) (2:02)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.07.2017 19:24:12
https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/worldwide/space/press-release/thales-alenia-space-carries-out-final-bepicolombo-tests-preparation
Цитата
Thales Alenia Space carries out final BepiColombo tests, in preparation for 2018 mission to explore Mercury

| 06.07.2017 |

Rome,  July 6, 2017 - The European spacecraft BepiColombo is currently undergoing final testing in launch configuration, prior to being shipped to the Guiana Space Center in French Guiana next March for a scheduled October 2018 launch. It is built by Airbus Defence and Space as prime contractor, with Thales Alenia Space (the 67/33 joint venture between Thales and Leonardo) as major subcontractor, in charge of assembly integration and testing (AIT).
(https://www.thalesgroup.com/sites/default/files/styles/resp_custom_user_wide_1x/public/assets/images/bepicolombo_acoustic_test_1100_1_0.jpg)
© ESA/C. Carreau

Thales Alenia Space recently completed the latest acoustic and vibration tests at the ESTEC test center in the Netherlands, qualifying the complete Mercury Composite Spacecraft in launch configuration, and showing that it will stand up to the structural loads expected during the Ariane 5 launch.

BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored terrestrial planet in our Solar System. When it arrives at Mercury in late 2025, it will face temperatures exceeding 350°C. BepiColombo will gather data during a nominal mission lasting one year, with a possible one-year extension. It actually comprises two spacecraft: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). BepiColombo is a joint mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), under ESA leadership.

"Thales Alenia Space is very proud to make such a significant contribution to this very ambitious joint program, clearly demonstrating our ability to work with a large industrial consortium on a cornerstone mission for space exploration," said Walter Cugno, Vice President, Exploration and Science at Thales Alenia Space. "We have been a key partner in a number of major international space exploration missions for the last two decades and more, reflecting our technological excellence, as well as our ability to rise to new  challenges and further our understanding of the Universe."

(https://www.thalesgroup.com/sites/default/files/styles/resp_custom_user_wide_1x/public/assets/images/bepicolombo_mpommo_illustration_1100_1_0.jpg)
© ESA

Note for specialists:
Thales Alenia Space is part of the Core industrial Team on the BepiColombo program, coordinating 35 European companies on the work package under its responsibility. In particular, Thales Alenia Space is in charge of the telecommunications, thermal control and electric power distribution systems, along with integration and testing of the complete spacecraft and support services during the launch campaign. Thales Alenia Space also supplies the X- and Ka-band transponders, the onboard computers and mass memory and the high-gain antenna, a 1.1-meter dish used for satellite-ground communications, as well as for the mission's radio science experiment. This antenna is derived from the antenna developed for the highly successful Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn.

The Italian Space Agency ASI and the country's industry are also making a significant contribution to the mission, with responsibility for four out of the 11 experiments. These include the MORE radio science instrument and the ISA spring accelerometer developed by Thales Alenia Space and SIMBIO-SYS, the integrated camera system for the observation and characterization of Mercury's surface, developed by Leonardo. Leonardo also supplied the star trackers (AA-STR) which will guide the spacecraft during its journey through the Solar System.

About Thales Alenia Space
Thales Alenia Space brings over 40 years of experience to the design, integration, testing and operation of innovative space systems for telecommunications, navigation, Earth observation, environmental management, exploration, science and orbital infrastructures. A joint venture between Thales (67%) and Leonardo (33%), Thales Alenia Space also teams up with Telespazio to form the parent companies' "Space Alliance", which offers a complete range of services and solutions. Thales Alenia Space has built up unrivaled expertise in dual (civil-military) missions, constellations, flexible high-throughput payloads, altimetry, meteorology, and high-resolution radar and optical observation. The company capitalizes on its strong legacy, while also making innovation a key to its strategy. By offering a continuous stream of new products and expanding its global footprint, Thales Alenia Space has established its leadership in today's fast-evolving space sector. Thales Alenia Space posted consolidated revenues of about 2.4 billion euros in 2016 and has 7,980 employees in nine countries. www.thalesaleniaspace.com (http://www.thalesaleniaspace.com)

Thales Alenia Space Press Contacts:

Sandrine Bielecki    
Phone: +33 (0)4 92 92 70 94
sandrine.bielecki@thalesaleniaspace.com (mailto:sandrine.bielecki@thalesaleniaspace.com)

Chrystelle Dugimont
Phone: +33 (0)4 92 92 74 06
chrystelle.dugimont@thalesaleniaspace.com (mailto:chrystelle.dugimont@thalesaleniaspace.com)

Tiziana Ebano
Tel: +39 06 41512574
tiziana.ebano@thalesaleniaspace.com (mailto:tiziana.ebano@thalesaleniaspace.com)

Cinzia Marcanio    
Tel: +39 06 41512685
cinzia.marcanio@thalesaleniaspace.com (mailto:cinzia.marcanio@thalesaleniaspace.com)

Documents
> PR_170706_BepiColombo_EN (https://www.thalesgroup.com/sites/default/files/asset/document/pr_170706_bepicolombo_en.pdf)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Apollo13 от 07.07.2017 11:09:27
ЕКА: миссия России и ЕС готова полететь к Меркурию в октябре 2018 года (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/34363/)

Миссия России и [примкнувшего к ней] ЕС? :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.07.2017 20:44:15
ЦитатаBepiColombo - media briefing replay

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 6 июл. 2017 г.

Replay of the BepiColombo media briefing held at ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands on 6 July 2017. The mission, its background, technological challenges and current status were presented.

Mercury is the least understood of all the inner rocky planets in our Solar System. Knowing its evolution is crucial to understand the evolution of our entire Solar System. BepiColombo, Europe's first mission to Mercury, will be launched in 2018.

Currently undergoing final testing at ESA's Space Research and Technology Centre in the Netherlands, in between being moved from one test chamber to the next, the whole spacecraft stack was presented to the media: the European and the Japanese orbiters as well as the transfer module.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbZ0YmTrrMkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbZ0YmTrrMk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbZ0YmTrrMk) (2:03:05)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.07.2017 01:21:44
ЦитатаMercury Transfer Module electric propulsion thruster steering test

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 7 июл. 2017 г.

Video showing a test of the mechanisms steering the four solar electric propulsion thrusters on BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module (speeded up by 20 times).

The module will use a combination of electric propulsion and multiple gravity assists at Earth, Venus and Mercury to carry BepiColombo's two scientificorbiters - ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - to the innermost planet in our Solar System.

The test is designed to demonstrate that the mechanisms can reach their full steering range. The thruster mechanisms control the steering of the spacecraft during the long thrust arcs of the 7.2 year cruise to Mercury and as such are used for navigation, attitude control, and reaction wheel off-loading. Together with the onboard software, the mechanisms will update the direction of the thrust vector every five minutes relative to the spacecraft's evolving centre of gravity. The thrusters will be fired for several months at a time between the gravity assist flybys.

This particular test was conducted in April 2017, before the spacecraft was put into the composite stack configuration. The same test will be repeated again later in the year to verify performance after the stack level vibration test campaign.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPmG7Hek1U8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPmG7Hek1U8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPmG7Hek1U8) (1:03)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.07.2017 11:49:24
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg) ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 31 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/884324967948722176)

Space Science #ImageOfTheWeek (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ImageOfTheWeek?src=hash): Stacked up - @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) spacecraft in launch configuration: http://ow.ly/2PjC30duCGI  (https://t.co/z81DfsSB5v)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEXA3lIXUAAD4qV.jpg)
HI-RES JPG 2.61 MB (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/07/bepicolombo_spacecraft_stack/17057039-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_spacecraft_stack.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.07.2017 19:26:13
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg) Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 39 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/884438326534692869)

ARTICLE: BepiColombo shaken and stacked ahead Mercury mission - https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2017/07/bepicolombo-shaked-stacked-mercury-mission/ ... (https://t.co/6vik9YgXJS)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEYn5FnXcAAfT5A.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEYn6xCWAAEYozD.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEYn8YhXgAESM_E.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEYn9obXUAA1Syu.jpg)
https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2017/07/bepicolombo-shaked-stacked-mercury-mission/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.07.2017 19:42:10
https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/07/10/bepicolombo-mercury-mission-tested-for-journey-into-pizza-oven/
ЦитатаBepiColombo Mercury mission tested for journey into 'pizza oven'
July 10, 2017 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/07/) Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://assets.cdn.spaceflightnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/11065137/DSC03194.jpg)
A view of the BepiColombo spacecraft stacked in launch configuration at the European Space Agency's ESTEC test center in the Netherlands. The sunshield cover for Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter is pictured at lower right. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space

Three spacecraft built in Europe and Japan have completed their final joint tests to ensure they are ready for departure to Mercury on an Ariane 5 rocket late next year on the nearly $1.9 billion BepiColombo mission to survey the solar system's innermost planet.

Officials displayed the BepiColombo spacecraft to the media last week in the Netherlands, where engineers are putting the probe to the test in the extreme thermal, acoustic and vibration environments it will encounter in flight.

Readying the mission to survive the searing temperatures at Mercury proved to be one of the biggest challenges in BepiColombo's two-decade development.
"We have to survive 10 times the solar radiation we are experiencing at Earth, plus surface temperatures of up to 450 degrees Celsius (842 degrees Fahrenheit)," said Ulrich Reininghaus, ESA's BepiColombo project manager, in a press briefing last week.

The European Space Agency-led project will dispatch two scientific orbiters to Mercury with instruments to map the planet's landscapes and topography, peer into darkened craters that may contain water ice and a mysterious frozen organic sludge, and probe the scorched world's interior structure by measuring its magnetic field.

"I think our two spacecraft we send to Mercury will, first of all, do a very comprehensive and thorough investigation of the planet and its environment," said Johannes Benkhoff, BepiColombo project scientist at ESA. "It will help to unveil the mysteries of Mercury and hopefully provide clues to better understand the formation history of the planet and of our solar system."

A propulsion module will go along on the 7.2-year trip to Mercury to steer the robotic science probes through the solar system with the aid of four ion engines.

Scheduled for launch in October 2018, the tandem mission developed by ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is the most ambitious expedition to Mercury yet mounted, and the first time the blazing hot planet will be visited by a spacecraft not owned by NASA.

(https://assets.cdn.spaceflightnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/11065700/bepicolombo_airbusds.jpg)
Artist's illustration of the combined BepiColombo spacecraft at Mercury. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space

Two previous NASA missions -- Mariner 10 and MESSENGER -- previously explored Mercury. Mariner 10 zipped by Mercury three times in the 1974 and 1975, photographing less than half of the planet before MESSENGER made its own flybys and eventually entered orbit in March 2011 for a four-year global science campaign.

"BepiColombo will follow on MESSENGER's results and get even more details (about Mercury)," Benkhoff said. "We will be able to answer many, many of the questions that were raised by the MESSENGER mission."

Those questions include the nature of water ice deposits hidden deep inside permanently-shadowed craters near Mercury's poles, and the source of the planet's unexpected magnetic field.

BepiColombo's European-built Mercury Planetary Orbiter carries 11 instruments, a suite comprising a high-resolution mapping camera, a laser altimeter, an accelerometer, and a set of spectrometers on a downward-facing science deck that will remain pointed toward the planet throughout each orbit.

The Japanese-made Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter's five science sensors will study the plasma environment around Mercury, attempt to image the planet's sodium-rich tenuous atmosphere, and measure Mercury's magnetic field.

The Mercury Transfer Module will shepherd the two science orbiters on the 5.5-billion-mile (8.9-billion-kilometer) voyage from Earth to Mercury. The engine section hosts no science instruments, but its two electricity-generating solar panels -- each stretching nearly 40 feet (12 meters) long -- will produce power for four rear-mounted xenon-fueled electric thrusters.

The ion engines, which can fire two at a time, will provide more than half the impulse BepiColombo needs for the one-way trip. The spacecraft will also use nine gravity boosts from flybys with Earth, Venus and Mercury to line up for orbital insertion at the innermost planet.

(https://assets.cdn.spaceflightnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/11065918/Mercury_Transfer_Module_with_integrated_ion_thrusters.jpg)
The base of ESA's Mercury Transfer Module with its four T6 ion thrusters fully fitted for its journey to Mercury, along with the rest of the BepiColombo spacecraft. Credit: ESA-U. Reininghaus

Named for Giuseppe 'Bepi' Colombo, the Italian mathematician and engineer who helped design Mariner 10's Mercury flyby trajectory, the mission is due to arrive at its destination in December 2025.

The flight plan calls for the spacecraft to jettison the transfer module and fire rocket engines to slip into orbit around the planet. Japan's magnetospheric orbiter, cocooned in a protective sunshield during the mission's interplanetary transit, will be released in an egg-shaped elliptical orbit stretching up to 7,232 miles (11,640 kilometers) above Mercury.

Then the sunshield will be ejected as the European orbiter spirals closer to Mercury, eventually ending up in a tighter orbit ranging between about 300 miles (480 kilometers) and 930 miles (1,500 kilometers) from the planet.

The dual spacecraft will spend at least a year observing Mercury.

ESA and JAXA officials said last week the mission is on track for liftoff at the opening of an eight-week launch window Oct. 5, 2018.

BepiColombo's launch window opens the same month the James Webb Space Telescope -- a U.S.-European-Canadian observatory that will succeed Hubble -- is set for blastoff on a different Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou, French Guiana.

Arianespace officials will meet with managers from both projects in September to determine which high-profile science mission will go first.

Engineers last month simulated the vibration and noise BepiColombo will experience during its rocket ride from Earth, capping a series of tests on the combined spacecraft in its launch configuration, which towers around 20 feet (6 meters) tall.

(https://assets.cdn.spaceflightnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/11070050/BepiColombo_orbits.jpg)
The Mercury Planetary Orbiter (inner orbit) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (outer orbit), in their elliptical polar orbits around Mercury. The Mercury Planetary Orbiter will operate in a 2.3-hour orbit from an altitude of 298 miles x 932 miles (480 x 1500 kilometers) above the planet's surface. The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter will take 9.3 hours to orbit the planet in its 366 x 7,232-mile (590 x 11640-kilometer) orbit. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab
 
The ground team will disassemble the spacecraft in the coming months, conduct additional electrical checks, then place BepiColombo's transfer module in a space environment simulator modified to mimic the extreme temperatures at Mercury. The propulsion section's thermal test follows up similar exposure verifications already completed on the European and Japanese orbiters.

ESA originally intended to launch the BepiColombo in 2009 when the mission was formally selected by the agency's science committee in 2000.

Crafting a spacecraft capable of withstanding the hot temperatures at Mercury turned out to be tough, officials said.

Engineers had to design new solar cells, develop heat-resistant pointing mechanisms for BepiColombo's antennas and solar panels, and install mirrors to reflect sunlight and infrared heat.

Much of the technology had to be invented just for BepiColombo.

"The challenge was to develop a solar cell assembly that was capable of withstanding high temperatures and ultraviolet radiation at the same time," said Markus Schelkle, BepiColombo program manager at Airbus Defense and Space in Germany, the mission's prime contractor. "This was (something) we learned, and due to that, we had a really hard, long way to find a solution."

BepiColombo also carries ceramic thermal coatings and titanium parts covered in silver and gold to ensure its communications antenna can function in the furnace-like temperatures at Mercury.

"We had several delays," Reininghaus said. Work on the solar cells and high-temperature mechanisms "cost us much more time than we expected," he said.

"The database on materials we had, even for qualified products, was good up to 125 degrees Celsius (257 degrees Fahrenheit)," Reininghaus said.

That was not good enough for BepiColombo.

"We're flying into a pizza oven," Reininghaus said. "This is why we had to test materials at very high temperature regimes, sometimes with very unwanted results."
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2017 17:16:49
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/885402394674290689)

Operations image of the week: flight controllers who will fly @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) meet their spacecraft @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/07/Robot_meets_its_masters ... (https://t.co/bIXKCbxhKB)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DEmT6Y3VYAAwvHz.jpg)
HI-RES JPG (7.94 MB) (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/07/robot_meets_its_masters/17058536-1-eng-GB/Robot_meets_its_masters.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 14.07.2017 07:45:32
Японский 59 стр http://fanfun.jaxa.jp/jaxatv/files/mmo_20170706.pdf (так же там и JUICE)
К пресс конференции https://youtu.be/D7HYEn7edu8
https://youtu.be/D7HYEn7edu8 (https://youtu.be/D7HYEn7edu8)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.08.2017 16:46:32
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg) Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/892360803847987201)

It's the Kourou version of Thunderdome: two missions enter, but only one can leave on an Ariane 5 next October:
http://spacenews.com/spaceport-schedule-conflict-could-delay-jwst-launch/
http://spacenews.com/spaceport-schedule-conflict-could-delay-jwst-launch/
ЦитатаSpaceport schedule conflict could delay JWST launch
by Jeff Foust (http://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- August 1, 2017

(http://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/jwst-thermalvac.jpg)
The integrated telescope and instrument section of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope was moved into a vacuum chamber at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston for testing as part of preparations for a launch scheduled for October 2018. Credit: NASA

WASHINGTON -- NASA's James Webb Space Telescope is facing a schedule conflict for its Ariane 5 launch with a European planetary science mission that could, in one scenario, delay the telescope's launch by several months.

Current plans call for the launch of JWST on an Ariane 5 from the spaceport at Kourou, French Guiana, in October 2018. The European Space Agency is providing the launch of JWST as its contribution for the mission, in exchange for a share of observing time on the telescope.

However, ESA is also planning an October 2018 launch of BepiColombo, its first mission to Mercury, in cooperation with the Japanese space agency JAXA. That mission will also use an Ariane 5 launching from Kourou.
At a meeting of the NASA Advisory Council's science committee July 24, Alan Boss, an astronomer at the Carnegie Institution and a member of the Astrophysics Advisory Committee, warned that BepiColombo could take precedence over JWST for that October 2018 launch slot.

"BepiColombo has rights to launch before James Webb does," he said in a summary of a meeting of that advisory committee earlier in the month.

Boss didn't elaborate on the reasons for that precedence, but BepiColombo, unlike JWST, has a narrow launch window in order to reach Mercury. ESA officials said earlier in July that the mission's current launch window opens Oct. 5 and runs through Nov. 28. JWST does not have similar launch window restrictions.

While the Ariane 5 is capable of flying at a relatively high cadence -- three Ariane 5 rockets launched in May and June of this year -- the extensive payload processing requirements of both BepiColombo and JWST appear to rule out launching both missions around the same time.

"It's unclear if BepiColombo will be out of the way" before JWST arrives at Kourou for launch preparations, Boss said. He believed JWST needed three to six months of "full access" to facilities at Kourou to prepare for launch. "You really want to have BepiColombo long gone before you move in and start taking over."

If BepiColombo sticks to its current schedule, that could mean delaying JWST by several months. "There's some concern that that October 2018 launch may actually slip into the spring of 2019," he said.

That schedule conflict is due in part to delays in the development of BepiColombo. The mission's launch has slipped several times in the last decade. In 2007, when ESA approved moving the mission into its development phase, it was expected to launch on a Soyuz rocket in 2013.

In 2011, ESA announced the mission would instead launch on a more powerful Ariane 5 in July 2014. The launch slipped in 2012 to August 2015, then later to July 2016, January 2017 and April 2018. Last November, ESA announced that the launch was now scheduled for October 2018 because of a problem with a power processing unit on the spacecraft.

Boss noted BepiColombo's delays in his presentation, suggesting that the mission could face additional delays. ESA officials, though, said at an event in early July that the spacecraft was on scheduled to ship to French Guiana in early 2018 to being final launch preparations.

"We are looking forward to completing the final tests this year, and shipping to Kourou on schedule," Ulrich Reininghaus, project manager for BepiColombo at ESA, said in a July 6 statement about the completion of the latest series of tests of the spacecraft. That statement added that the launch schedule for the mission would be confirmed later this year.

JWST has also suffered significant delays in its development, although it has maintained an October 2018 launch date since a re-plan of the mission several years ago. The telescope is currently in an Apollo-era thermal vacuum chamber at NASA's Johnson Space Center for testing, and will be shipped later this year to a Northrop Grumman facility in Southern California to be integrated to its spacecraft bus and sunshield.

JWST currently has about three and a half months of schedule reserve, an amount that has been gradually decreasing to account for development issues. That current level of schedule reserve is nearly a month below what the project's plan called for having at this stage in development, but still above recommended levels for projects set by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

Additional problems, however, could lead to delays in JWST regardless of any launch site conflicts.
"There's some concern that they might be running out of funded schedule reserve," Boss said, particularly as the project goes into critical final assembly and testing activities. "There's some concern, but the JWST folks are confident they will overcome the remaining hurdles and get it done on time."
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.09.2017 14:16:05
ЦитатаBepiColombo prepares for Mercury

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/-kKIsl4pNq5g/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/CTZFj4vhgCc/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 1 сент. 2017 г.

ESA's first mission to Mercury, BepiColombo, is now set for final thermal tests before launching to the hottest planet in our Solar System in October 2018. Europe said farewell to the spacecraft in July when it was at the European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, in its launch configuration. BepiColombo is a joint mission to Mercury between the ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and consists of two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSIFXqbZWRQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSIFXqbZWRQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSIFXqbZWRQ) (3:14)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.09.2017 18:09:53
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/773092216973758464/gnfacZdZ_bigger.jpg) Susanne Auer‏ @AuerSusan (https://twitter.com/AuerSusan) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/AuerSusan/status/913002901047582723)

An interesting detail from the #Arianespace (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Arianespace?src=hash) #IAC2017 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/IAC2017?src=hash) presentation: #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) will launch 2018 #JWST (https://twitter.com/hashtag/JWST?src=hash) one year later in 2019 #ESA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash) #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DKujF-uXoAA2mzU.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 08.03.2018 16:30:23
Приехал экземпляр для отработки операций
https://www.flickr.com/photos/esa_events/albums/72157691181112342
На следующее десятилетие должен быть использован в случаях, когда программного имитатора (который давно поставлен и используется ежедневно) недостаточно.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 09.03.2018 15:20:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч.3 часа назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/972050681313021953)

We're pleased to share that we passed an important review yesterday that confirms we can start shipping to the spaceport in Kourou later next month and begin preparations for launch!

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.03.2018 17:22:53
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_gets_green_light_for_launch_site
Цитата (http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_approaching_mercury3/17404630-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury3)
BepiColombo approaching Mercury

BEPICOLOMBO GETS GREEN LIGHT FOR LAUNCH SITE

9 March 2018
Europe's first mission to Mercury will soon be ready for shipping to the spaceport to begin final preparations for launch.

The mission passed a major review yesterday, meaning that the three BepiColombo spacecraft, along with ground equipment and mission experts, are confirmed to start the move from ESA's centre in the Netherlands to Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana at the end of next month. The launch window is open from 5 October until 29 November.
"It's been a long and occasionally bumpy road to this point, and there is still plenty to do until we are ready for launch," says Ulrich Reininghaus, ESA's BepiColombo project manager, "but we are extremely pleased to finally move our preparations to the launch site, and are grateful to everyone who has made this possible.

"In parallel we are continuing with some long-duration firing tests on a replica transfer module thruster, under space-like conditions, to be best prepared for our journey to Mercury."

Once at Kourou, an intensive six months of essential preparation are needed, including more review checkpoints.

Work includes dressing the spacecraft in protective insulation to prepare for the harsh space environment and extreme temperatures they will experience operating close to the Sun, attaching and testing the solar wings and their deployment mechanisms, installing the sunshield, fuelling, and connecting the three spacecraft together.

The final weeks will see the spacecraft stack inside the Ariane 5 rocket fairing, and preparing the launch vehicle itself, ready to blast the mission on a seven-year journey around the inner Solar System to investigate Mercury's mysteries.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_journey_timeline/17403631-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_journey_timeline_medium.gif) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_journey_timeline)
BepiColombo journey timeline

A transfer module will carry two science orbiters to the innermost planet, using a combination of solar power, electric propulsion and nine gravity-assist flybys of Earth, Venus and Mercury to set it on course.

The two orbiters will make complementary measurements of the innermost planet and its environment from different orbits, from its deep interior to its interaction with the solar wind, to provide the best understanding of Mercury to date, and how the innermost planet of a solar system forms and evolves close to its parent star.

BepiColombo is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA. ESA is providing the Mercury Transfer Module, the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the sunshield and interface structure, and JAXA is providing the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 10.03.2018 22:40:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 9 мар. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/972054453674299394)

Once at #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash), we're going to investigate the planet from inside to out with our two science orbiters: the #ESA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash) Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the #JAXA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/JAXA?src=hash) Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter.

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/81113)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.03.2018 15:02:45
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/973116965534490624)

Check out our beautiful spacecraft! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60d.png) A set of ~40 new artist impressions released today & highlighted via @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) #ImageOfTheWeek (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ImageOfTheWeek?src=hash) visualise aspects of launch, cruise, separation and arrival at #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) Details: http://ow.ly/E06730iT2lm  (https://t.co/K2rb5VlWt8)
https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DYE0uGaW0AATbvX.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DYE0uGaW0AATbvX.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DYE0uGaW0AATbvX.mp4) 0:19)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 20.03.2018 13:00:34
источник не проверенный, но
Цитатаhttps://twitter.com/Planetguy_Bln/status/975871070711484416
23:06 - 19 мар. 2018 г.
And @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) got the October launch slot on Ariane 5 because James Webb was not ready for that launch window #LPSC2018 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/LPSC2018?src=hash) #NASAnight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASAnight?src=hash)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 24.03.2018 13:01:50
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 49 мин.49 минут назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/977487707076210689)


Have you entered the @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) competition to give a name to the #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter? You are also invited to send a message/picture/audio/video to Mercury! Enter until 9 April: http://isas-info.jp/mmo/en/  (https://t.co/R8ueGH5P5P)

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 24.03.2018 14:03:44
ЦитатаBepiColombo is a joint mission between ESA (the European Space Agency) and JAXA, led by ESA, to explore Mercury.
The mission consists of two planetary orbiters: JAXA's MMO (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter) and ESA's MPO (Mercury Planetary Orbiter).
Launch is scheduled for October 2018, making BepiColombo JAXA's longest ever mission after a development period of 15 years.
The two orbiters will arrive at Mercury in December 2025, after a seven year cruise with nine planetary flybys; the highest number ever undertaken for a planetary probe!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/81472)
What is the BepiColombo Project? (http://isas-info.jp/mmo/en/)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 03.04.2018 18:25:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/953176753471664129/6ZS63G35_bigger.jpg)ESA Technology‏ @ESA_Tech (https://twitter.com/ESA_Tech) 7 ч.7 часов назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Tech/status/981095373384114176)


Key to testing spacecraft for space are vacuum chambers - #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash) has the Large Space Simulator, Europe's largest thermal vacuum chamber, seen here testing @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) for Mercury with sunlight 11 times more intense than Earth's
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DZ2MoJbWAAAzmjF.jpg)
BepiColombo in ESTEC's LSS
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 04.04.2018 22:30:32
Выбор названия и отправка сообщения на Меркурий на борту аппарата
Цитата http://isas-info.jp/mmo/en/
Name the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and send your message to Mercury onboard MMO!
Цитата...
Мы также ищем людей во всем мире, которые увлечены путешествием BepiColombo, чтобы исследовать Mercury для предоставления сообщений, иллюстраций, аудио, видео и других средств массовой информации. Выбор из них будет записан и загружен на Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO, прежде чем он начнет путешествие к самой внутренней планете нашей Солнечной системы.
...
для тех кто хотел, но забыл :) (выше уже сообщали)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2018 14:07:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/983266917619306496)

Busy times at #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash) lots of packing for @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) it's already Bye bye for @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) see you soon in Kourou
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaVD7dmWsAENL_3.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 20:45:30
ЦитатаBEPICOLOMBO PLASMA SIMULATION

http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/1e/10_BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.mp4
http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/1e/10_BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.mp4 (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/1e/10_BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.mp4) (0:14)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 20:53:05
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/04/BepiColombo_plasma_simulation
ЦитатаBEPICOLOMBO PLASMA SIMULATION

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/04/bepicolombo_plasma_simulation/17469703-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.png)
DOWNLOAD HI-RES JPG (2.38 MB) (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/04/bepicolombo_plasma_simulation/17469703-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.png)

DETAILS (http://www.esa.int/extension/esadam/design/esadam/images/global/arw_red_on.gif) (http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/04/BepiColombo_plasma_simulation#)

Title BepiColombo plasma simulation
Released 23/04/2018 8:00 am
Copyright ESA/Félicien Filleul
Description

When the Mercury Transfer Module of the BepiColombo mission fires its electric propulsion thrusters an ion beam is extracted. This is created through the ionization of xenon propellant, generating the charged particles that can be accelerated further using an electric field.
Together with gravity assist flybys at Earth, Venus and Mercury, the thrust fr om the ion beam provides the means to travel to the innermost planet.

After escaping the pull of Earth's gravity with the Ariane 5 launcher, the spacecraft is on an orbit around the Sun. The transfer module then has to use its thrusters to brake against the mighty pull of the Sun's gravity. It also has to tune the shape of its orbit in order to make a series of nine gravity assist flybys at the planets before finally delivering the mission's two science spacecraft into Mercury orbit.

This image is an excerpt from a supercomputer simulation that models the flow of plasma around the spacecraft just after the high energy ion beam is switched on. An outline of the composite spacecraft with its extended solar arrays is included for reference.

The simulation tracks the particles in the beam as well as those that diffuse around the spacecraft, which are created by the interaction of the high energy beam ions with the neutral xenon atoms that also flow out of the thruster.  It shows the density of the plasma flowing around the spacecraft and its evolution: red represents high density, blue is low density (see animation (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/1e/10_BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.mp4) for detailed scale).

Although the animation (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/1e/10_BepiColombo_plasma_simulation.mp4) is several seconds long it has been slowed down, representing a mere eight milliseconds of real time - the time necessary for the plasma to reach a steady state.

The simulation was performed to demonstrate that the plasma produced by the thruster is not damaging to the spacecraft: its materials, including solar arrays or instruments, for example, or to the electric propulsion system itself. The simulations also confirmed there are no spurious or dangerous charging events.

Inflight measurements will verify the simulation results and help improve ways in which the generated plasma, spacecraft and space environment interactions can be better modelled.

BepiColombo is a joint endeavour between ESA and JAXA. After their seven-year interplanetary journey, the two science orbiters - the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - will start their main mission to provide the most in-depth study of mysterious Mercury to date.

The spacecraft begin transferring to Europe's spaceport in Kourou this week, wh ere an intensive period of preparations will ready the mission for launch later this year.

The simulations were performed by Félicien Filleul as part of ESA's Young Graduate Trainee programme (https://www.esa.int/About_Us/Careers_at_ESA/Graduates_Young_Graduate_Trainees).
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 20:55:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/957977726819950595/CcJ4Tzhz_bigger.jpg)Schiphol‏Подлинная учетная запись @Schiphol (https://twitter.com/Schiphol) 49 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/Schiphol/status/988463688280629249)

Unusual cargo passing through our airport this week: components of the @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) mission to planet Mercury are being transported by the Antonov.
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dbe6bbrW0AEo33w.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 23:24:58
:)  
ЦитатаTo Europe's spaceport!

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 23 апр. 2018 г.

Meet our new space explorers, the spacecraft of the BepiColombo mission, as they begin their adventure to planet Mercury. But first, they have to navigate through Amsterdam Schiphol airport to reach Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

The spacecraft really do depart from Schiphol; along with essential ground-support equipment they are scheduled to fly in a series of Antonov aircraft during the last week of April and first week of May. Upon arrival at Kourou, an intensive six-months of preparations will prepare the mission for launch. The launch window opens 5 October until 29 November 2018.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TqY-xVxZim0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TqY-xVxZim0 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TqY-xVxZim0) (1:16)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 11:55:23
http://www.airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/en/2018/04/ESA-BepiColombo-takes-to-the-Air.html
ЦитатаESA´s BepiColombo takes to the Air
23 April 2018

(https://airbus-h.assetsadobe2.com/is/image/content/dam/products-and-solutions/space/space-exploration/bepicolombo/BepiColombo_Loading-Copyright-Airbus2018.jpg)
The first elements of the BepiColombo hardware were loaded into an Antonov An-124 cargo plane

Amsterdam, 23/04/2018 - After years of development the BepiColombo spacecraft which will be heading to Mercury from autumn 2018 has at last taken to the air. On 23 April 2018 the first elements of the BepiColombo hardware were loaded into an Antonov An-124 cargo plane for transport from Amsterdam´s Schiphol Airport to the European Spaceport Kourou in French Guiana. After a fuelling stop in the Azores Islands the Antonov will arrive early on 24 April. This Antonov flight was the first of four flights needed to transport the spacecraft and all handling and test equipment to Kourou. The flights are supported by three transports by ship for further items.
Having completed a comprehensive test programme at European Space Agency´s Technology Centre ESTEC in Noordwijk (The Netherlands) the BepiColombo spacecraft is almost ready for launch. Between May and October 2018 the final launch preparations will be performed so that the spacecraft can then be launched aboard an Ariane 5 ECA.

BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury. It will set off in autumn 2018 (launch window is open from 5 October to 29 November) on a journey to the smallest and least explored terrestrial planet in our Solar System. When it arrives at Mercury in late 2025, it will endure temperatures in excess of 350 °C and gather data during its one year nominal mission, with a possible 1-year extension.

BepiColombo is an interdisciplinary mission performed in a partnership between ESA (European Space Agency) and JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency). The BepiColombo mission involves the delivery of the MPO (Mercury Planetary Orbiter) and the MMO (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter) to complementary orbits around the planet Mercury. JAXA provides the MMO, whilst Airbus is prime contractor for ESA, providing the MPO and all other spacecraft hardware. The scientific payload is provided by national agencies.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 11:56:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/988678413173932033)

1 of 4 Antonov An-124 flights is, on it's way to Cayenne... #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dbh9it7X4AAXC3_.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 12:00:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/988682096020467712)

While the first flight of #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) equipment left for Kourou yesterday, final preparations continue back at #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash) for @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbiBIF1X0AEpr9j.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 13:14:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/988721724488331264)

Currently on its way to Kourou is @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) sun shield #MOSIF (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MOSIF?src=hash) (Magnetospheric Orbiter's Sunshield and Interface Structure)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dbik4FIWAAADtUh.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dbik45oX4AAEvUt.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 13:20:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч.3 часа назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/988685319565430785)

Still here in the test centre! Almost ready for packing; engineers had to remove some equipment before my flight to Kourou. Here's an unusual view of my side panel without any insulation blankets (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f62f.png) You can also see my high gain antenna I'll use to chat to you back on Earth (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbiEDtqX4AAoUbB.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 14:48:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 40 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/988735829538476033)

Incoming ! #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #MOSIF (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MOSIF?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbixzJYX0AEO0S4.jpg)

33 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/988737566500360193)

First #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) Antonov AN-124 flight has just landed in Cayenne, on-board among other equipment is the sun shield #MOSIF (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MOSIF?src=hash)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbizBIzX4AArhfS.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbizDuuWkAA_PHk.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.04.2018 18:52:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/740932957309947906/eyELdt9o_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 20 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/988862986273153025)

The initial elements for #Europe (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Europe?src=hash)'s history-making #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) mission to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) have arrived in French Guiana! This was the first of four cargo flights that will deliver the #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) spacecraft and all handling/test equipment for pre-launch preparations. @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbklmXNWkAI-8fm.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dbklmw9WkAAqoq3.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbklnHQWkAABix5.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.04.2018 18:53:31
2-й (из 4-х) рейс Руслана
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 39 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/989884539769147393)

Arrived in Kourou! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30e.png) Looking forward to settling in to my new home for the next six months...& for @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) & @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) to arrive next week so we can get ready for our trip to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) together! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) You can read about the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) here: http://ow.ly/UDDv30jIiHZ  (https://t.co/L6mF4Ie4RO) #Bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Bepicolombo?src=hash)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DbzGvdOV0AAbkb5.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.04.2018 19:27:29
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/bepicolombo-hardware-arrives/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | April 25, 2018

Initial hardware arrives for Arianespace's launch of the BepiColombo mission to Mercury

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/04/4-25-2018-VA245-pano/388857709.jpg)
The BepiColombo mission's first hardware to arrive in French Guiana is unloaded at Félix Eboué Airport near Cayenne for its transfer by road to the Spaceport.

Arianespace's next flight at the service of deep space exploration took one step closer to launch with today's arrival in French Guiana of initial hardware for the BepiColombo mission to planet Mercury.

The hardware arrived at Félix Eboué Airport near the French Guiana capital city of Cayenne, where it was unloaded from a chartered An-124 cargo jetliner for transfer by road to Europe's Spaceport. This marked the first of four airlifts that will transport the spacecraft, along with related handling and test equipment, from the European continent to the Spaceport. Additional hardware will be brought to French Guiana by ship.
BepiColombo was developed in a joint effort of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and will be launched later this year by Arianespace's workhorse Ariane 5. The mission is designed to study and understand Mercury's composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and history. After arriving at Mercury in late 2025, BepiColombo will have a nominal one-year duration, with the possibility for an extension.

A 6.4-meter-high BepiColombo spacecraft stack on Ariane 5
Ariane 5 is tasked to place the mission's three elements on their deep space journey: the ESA-led Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO); the JAXA-led Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO); and a transfer module that will propel the spacecraft using a combination of solar power, electric propulsion and nine gravity-assist flybys of Earth, Venus and Mercury.

These spacecraft elements will be integrated in a 6.4-meter-high stack for their installation on Ariane 5, with a combined liftoff mass of approximately four metric tons. Ariane 5's launch of BepiColombo is designated VA245 in Arianespace's launcher family numbering system.

Airbus is responsible for designing and building the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, as well as the BepiColombo transfer module.

The mission to Mercury is named after Italian Professor Giuseppe (Bepi) Colombo, a mathematician whose accomplishments included the understanding of Mercury's rotation and suggesting how to use a Venus gravity-assist swing-by that placed the U.S. Mariner 10 spacecraft in a solar orbit for three flybys of Mercury in the 1970s.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.04.2018 20:36:37
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/740932957309947906/eyELdt9o_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 20 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/989983817619341318)

It was another busy day in French Guiana with the second delivery of elements for #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash), a joint mission between @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) and @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) executed under ESA leadership. Liftoff is scheduled for October with an #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash)!
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Db0gmRrW4AAuP8V.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Db0gmyeW0AIYO6Y.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Db0gnPEWAAI5215.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.04.2018 21:24:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/990977338039992320)

A busy first week at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) for our teams already there, unpacking and setting up offices, control rooms & ground support equipment, and of course taking care of the arrival of @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)! (Photo from inside the packed Antonov cargo plane on Thurs; credit: ESA-M.Cowan)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcCoou7W0AAoaGa.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 01.05.2018 16:25:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) сейчас2 минуты назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/991335279687536641)


The third of four Antonov cargo planes carrying our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) spacecraft & ground support equipment just took off from @Schiphol (https://twitter.com/Schiphol) and flew over @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash). Now on its way to #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) Kourou, via Santa Maria.

Самолёт авиакомпании "Волга-Днепр" (рейс VDA4200) приземлился в аэропорту Santa-Maria в 22:00МСК.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2018 20:01:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 10 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/991216495064690688)

The container cover is lifted from our #bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash) Mercury Planetary Orbiter in one of the clean rooms at our Kourou #spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/spaceport?src=hash)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 10 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/991216294052683779)

Me seeing my new home base at the #spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/spaceport?src=hash) for the first time! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f62f.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f929.png) Thanks to all my crew who got me here safe (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f917.png) [(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Photo: ESA-M.Basile]

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcGB91bXUAAT1Fu.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 03.05.2018 17:59:19
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg)ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 4 ч.4 часа назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/992012090226413568)


Are you following our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) activities? Three of four cargo planes have transported our @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) spacecraft & equipment from Europe to #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) Kourou so far...there's a lot of packing and preparations for planet #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)! More via @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 03.05.2018 18:54:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/740932957309947906/eyELdt9o_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) сейчас41 минуту назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/992087223343382528)


#Arianespace (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Arianespace?src=hash) is proud to support #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash), @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) and @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en)'s mission to study the composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and history of the planet #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)! Preparations are continuing in French Guiana, where the third batch of elements have arrived.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcSaBTYWkAAtixo.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcSaB7rW4AIhzpn.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:42:37
ЦитатаAntonov 124 vervoert satellietonderdelen vanaf Schiphol

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOLLG-WbCoV4JOz_qmh05uQ)

Опубликовано: 3 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1i6Gy4zQ9Yhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1i6Gy4zQ9Y (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1i6Gy4zQ9Y) (2:03)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:49:07
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/992376823496486912)

No muddy paw prints on the floor from me! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f43e.png) More photos from my arrival and unpacking in the clean room at Europe's #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash): http://ow.ly/gnjw30jPFJB  (https://t.co/RGiDP7DhIo)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcWhdiwUwAAACCk.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:50:47
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)MMO‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/992376238714081281)

無事にフランス領ギアナの打ち上げ場に到着! @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)、お待たせ! Safely arrived at French Guiana #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash)! Hello again, @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcWg2kIXUAAzA9Z.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcWg4_QX4AA3QFm.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:55:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)

В ответ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

Hi @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)! I hope you and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) had a good flight together! I found a great spot in the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash)! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcWkXgIVMAAkAGJ.jpg)
5:26 (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/992380018054615041) - 4 мая 2018 г.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:57:20
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 42 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/992391696141955072)

So far so good... but our human friends do a lot of talking about us! (I only listened in a little bit!! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f92b.png))

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcWu_O5W4AAfRaU.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.05.2018 16:25:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)MMO‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 5 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/993775004201422848)

お部屋に入れてもらったよ!外はちょっと蒸し暑いけど、部屋の中は快適~!

Get out of the container and now in the confortable room!
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcqY1e_X0AAPUYu.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcqY21bX4AIW6_Q.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 08.05.2018 20:03:28
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч.3 часа назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/993877267658010624)


The fourth and final Antonov cargo plane carrying our #Bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Bepicolombo?src=hash) gear just took off from @Schiphol (https://twitter.com/Schiphol), destination: #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) Kourou! And once again flying over our colleagues at ESA #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash)
Борт авиакомпании "Волга-Днепр" (рейс VDA4202) приземлился в аэропорту Santa-Maria в 22:20МСК.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.05.2018 17:39:47
ЦитатаTo Mercury, via Europe's Spaceport!

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 11 мая 2018 г.

Activities surrounding the departure of ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury, fr om ESA's technical heart in the Netherlands to Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

The video features the final preparations of the MPO in the ESA cleanroom, including removal of ground support equipment from a science instrument, and sealing the module inside its shipping container. The containers travelled by road to Amsterdam Schiphol airport, wh ere they boarded an Antonov cargo plane for transport to French Guiana.

Three additional cargo planes carried JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter and ESA's Mercury Transfer Module, along with the spacecraft solar arrays, sunshield, and essential ground support equipment to the Spaceport.

The upcoming launch window is open 5 October - 29 November 2018.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yCphZ_HGDxwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yCphZ_HGDxw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yCphZ_HGDxw) (2:04)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.05.2018 17:31:43
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_arrives_at_Europe_s_Spaceport
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/videos/2018/05/to_mercury_via_europe_s_spaceport!/17504737-1-eng-GB/To_Mercury_via_Europe_s_Spaceport!_printlarge.png) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2018/05/To_Mercury_via_Europe_s_Spaceport!)
To Mercury, via Europe's Spaceport!

BEPICOLOMBO ARRIVES AT EUROPE'S SPACEPORT

11 May 2018
The spacecraft of the BepiColombo mission to Mercury have arrived safely at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, marking the start of six months of preparation to ready the craft for launch.

The joint ESA-JAXA mission, which comprises three spacecraft modules and a sunshield, were transported fr om their home base in ESA's technical heart in the Netherlands by road to Amsterdam Schiphol airport. They were flown to Kourou, French Guiana, on a series of four Antonov cargo aircraft over the last two weeks.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/05/mpo_unpacked_at_europe_s_spaceport10/17499105-1-eng-GB/MPO_unpacked_at_Europe_s_Spaceport_medium.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/05/MPO_unpacked_at_Europe_s_Spaceport10)
MPO unpacked at Europe's Spaceport

They were accompanied by approximately 40 containers of essential ground-support equipment, hardware, and other loose items needed for the pre-launch testing and configuring the spacecraft at the launch facility. Another 15 containers travelled by sea.

The shipments also included personal items: many of the team will be spending much of the next six months away from home, dedicated to preparing the mission for launch.

Amongst the first tasks at the Spaceport were setting up offices and control rooms, and establishing network connections to support remote links for teams elsewh ere in the world to interface with the test equipment that will be connected to the spacecraft.

The readiness of the cleanrooms in the satellite preparation facility was also verified.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/05/mmo_unpacked_at_europe_s_spaceport2/17505440-1-eng-GB/MMO_unpacked_at_Europe_s_Spaceport_medium.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/05/MMO_unpacked_at_Europe_s_Spaceport2)
MMO unpacked at Europe's Spaceport

Once the spacecraft arrived, their containers were opened and the modules lifted out on their respective multi-purpose trolleys for inspection, to confirm that no problems arose from the transport. The spacecraft were also switched on and batteries tested, and the various mechanical and electrical ground support systems installed.

Over the next six months activities will include attaching the solar wings to the modules and their deployment mechanisms tested, dressing the spacecraft in protective insulation to prepare for the harsh space environment and extreme temperatures they will experience operating close to the Sun, installing the sunshield, conducting pressure tests, fuelling, and connecting the three spacecraft together.

The ESA Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the JAXA Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter will travel together to the innermost planet, carried by ESA's Mercury Transfer Module.

The final weeks will see the completed spacecraft stack inside the Ariane 5 rocket fairing, and preparing the launch vehicle itself, ready to blast the mission on a seven-year journey around the inner Solar System to reach Mercury and start investigating its mysteries.

The upcoming launch window opens on 5 October and closes 29 November 2018.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_at_mercury/17405219-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_at_Mercury_printlarge.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_at_Mercury)
BepiColombo at Mercury
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.05.2018 17:34:22
ЦитатаOne step closer to Mercury!

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 22 мая 2018 г.

BepiColombo is one step closer to Mercury!

The component parts of BepiColombo, the European Space Agency's first mission to Mercury, have been delivered to the launch site in French Guiana by air, sea and road.

The joint mission between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) consists of two orbiters and one transfer module. It required 70 shipping containers and four cargo planes to ensure it was safely delivered to the European Spaceport at Kourou.

Everything will now be unpacked and re-assembled, together with the addition of solar panels, before launching to Mercury later this year.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=___fSuz3JB8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=___fSuz3JB8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=___fSuz3JB8) (3:02)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.05.2018 15:16:36
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/05/BepiColombo_unpacked_at_the_Spaceport
ЦитатаBEPICOLOMBO UNPACKED AT THE SPACEPORT

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/05/bepicolombo_unpacked_at_the_spaceport/17522893-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_unpacked_at_the_Spaceport_node_full_image_2.jpg)

DOWNLOAD HI-RES JPG (6.01 MB) (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/05/bepicolombo_unpacked_at_the_spaceport/17522893-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_unpacked_at_the_Spaceport.jpg)

DETAILS (http://www.esa.int/extension/esadam/design/esadam/images/global/arw_red_on.gif) (http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/05/BepiColombo_unpacked_at_the_Spaceport#)

Title BepiColombo unpacked at the Spaceport
Released 28/05/2018 11:00 am
Copyright ESA/JAXA-G.Murakami
Description

The three modules of the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury are pictured here shortly after being unpacked at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

Centre stage is the eight-sided Japanese module, the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), with its white high-gain antenna seen at the top of the module, tilted upward; the antenna will be used to communicate with ground-stations on Earth. To the right is ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) - currently without its protective insulation blankets. Together the two science orbiters will conduct the most detailed scientific investigation of Mercury and its environment than ever before achieved.

The two orbiters will be carried to the innermost planet by the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), which can be seen in the background to the left. The solar arrays that will provide solar power to the spacecraft will be attached later.

Following the unpacking of the spacecraft at the Spaceport, each module was examined thoroughly to check that they did not suffer any damage during the transport from Europe to South America, and that everything remains aligned and functioning correctly.

Individual units on the MPO and MTM - such as batteries and a power unit - have also been inspected and added to the spacecraft. The two modules were also connected with cables for electrical checks ­- they will be mechanically attached closer to launch later this year.

Id 394562
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.06.2018 21:53:03
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/bepicolombo-preparations/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | June 5, 2018

Payload preparations advance for Arianespace's Ariane 5 flight with BepiColombo

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/06/6-5-2018-VA245-pano/2369003232.jpg)
BepiColombo's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Transfer Module undergo electrical testing during activity at the Spaceport.

The multi-month payload preparation phase is making progress for the upcoming BepiColombo mission to planet Mercury, which will be launched later this year on an Arianespace Ariane 5 flight from the Spaceport.

BepiColombo was developed in a joint effort of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). It comprises three spacecraft modules and a sunshield, which were delivered along with ground support equipment and other essential hardware during a series of cargo flights in April and May.

Following their arrival in French Guiana and subsequent transfer by road to the Spaceport's S5 payload preparation facility, the modules - including the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) - were removed from their protective shipping containers for inspection. Afterward, they were switched on and battery tested, then fitted with mechanical and electrical ground support systems.

Deep space exploration for BepiColombo
Additional activities to be performed include attaching solar wings to the three modules and testing their deployment mechanisms, dressing the spacecraft in protective insulation, installing the sunshield, conducting pressure tests, fueling and integration.

The BepiColombo mission is designed to study and understand Mercury's composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and history. After arriving at Mercury in late 2025, BepiColombo will have a nominal one-year duration with the possibility for an extension.

Ariane 5's launch of BepiColombo - which gets its name from Italian Professor Giuseppe (Bepi) Colombo - is designated VA245 in Arianespace's launcher family numbering system.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.06.2018 13:06:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)MMO‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 50 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1005015055983710209)

I got new name, "MIO" (みお)!! Cool and cute, so love it!

Thank you for voting and giving me many messages!
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.06.2018 14:13:55
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1005016897182683138)

Congratulations @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) on your new name "Mio"! Linked to Japanese meaning of waterways, Mio will 'sail' the solar wind around Mercury & explore the planet's magnetosphere. (Press release in Japanese (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b07.png))
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 09.06.2018 13:58:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/746154810404044801/tsJ6f9IA_bigger.jpg)Elizabeth Tasker‏ @girlandkat (https://twitter.com/girlandkat) 8 июн. (https://twitter.com/girlandkat/status/1005012330797645826)


JAXA's @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) probe, @jaxa_mmo (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO), has been named "Mio" meaning 'waterway' in Japanese. Mio will explore a similar flow of the solar wind in the magnetosphere of Mercury.
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DfKFYsYUwAACBvT.jpg)

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.06.2018 17:44:36
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1006439506441011201)

It's really busy here at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f605.png) Here's me being fitted with my hand-sewn high-temperature suit that will help protect me from the extreme thermal conditions at Mercury (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) Read more:

http://ow.ly/TIwR30ksgxT  (https://t.co/Cui8x8rVOO)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DfeXZZNXkAAq9Yx.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.06.2018 16:33:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1006834920503873536)

That's me on the left, before my thermal suit was fitted! @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) is the one on the right (we get our solar wings fitted later)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1006833867028910081)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Here's a photo of a test we did not long after arriving at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) showing me and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) linked up with cables to configure and test some of our electric connections (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png) More photos: http://ow.ly/dQDI30ktu9I  (https://t.co/fMM4Tvm2mF)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dfj-ELHX0AArKF4.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.06.2018 12:23:34
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1009695647895883776)

Photo update from the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash): setting up the rig needed for solar array deployment tests. Quite some logistics to maximise cleanroom layout! @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s solar arrays reach ~14 m either side of the spacecraft, while @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)'s array is 7.5 m long (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/qVqX30kB2Sa  (https://t.co/MEpptvQlVn)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgMo1yWW4AA1sr6.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.06.2018 18:12:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 15 июн. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1007525639241519104)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4ad.png) Dreaming of the plasma science me & @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) will be doing at #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) with this great new #dataviz (https://twitter.com/hashtag/dataviz?src=hash) of #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) plasma environments across the Solar System (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f929.png) Find out more: http://ow.ly/KVb330kvEek  (https://t.co/DFvPHKJThZ) via @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience)

http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/03/831_BepiColombo_20250601_simu.mp4 (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/03/831_BepiColombo_20250601_simu.mp4)
(video (http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/video/03/831_BepiColombo_20250601_simu.mp4) 0:10)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.06.2018 18:16:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 20 июн. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1009330786472996864)

Excited! Engineers are inspecting my radiator fins before they get attached! The radiator will reflect heat away that comes from Mercury, as well as help carry away heat generated by my subsystems (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f605.png) http://ow.ly/U6f930kzUa7  (https://t.co/X5W0EyA7C2)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgHdAELW0AIjvMW.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgHdAAoWAAA7Bwe.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.06.2018 17:30:49
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 22 июн. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1010059730176311296)

Looks like @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) is happy to get thermal blankets fitted, too, ready for our journey closer to the Sun!
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 22 июн. (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1010058545306497024)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60e.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgRy4-aWsAE5z_i.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.06.2018 17:35:20
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 22 июн. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1010124984914796544)

The sunshield is also looking good! I see @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) is keeping an eye on it in this photo! It will keep @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) safe from too much Sun on our way to Mercury; once at the planet Mio will spin around to distribute the heat (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png) http://ow.ly/LfmX30kCh00  (https://t.co/GLQoqbDc82)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgSvUe6UwAIE1FC.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgSvUZtU8AECted.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.06.2018 19:43:31
ЦитатаBepiColombo launch to Mercury

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 25 июн. 2018 г.

Enjoy this animation visualising BepiColombo's launch and cruise to Mercury. Some aspects have been simplified for the purpose of this animation.

The joint ESA-JAXA mission comprises the European Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, which will be transported to the innermost planet by the Mercury Transfer Module. The animation highlights several key milestones, including the solar array and antenna deployments once in space, through to the arrival at Mercury seven years later. When approaching Mercury, the transfer module will separate and the two science orbiters, still together, will be captured into orbit around the planet. Their altitude will be adjusted until the Magnetospheric Orbiter's desired orbit is reached. Then the Planetary Orbiter will separate and descend to its lower orbit, and the two craft will begin their scientific exploration of Mercury and its environment.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAw) (3:39)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.06.2018 13:42:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1012266610172858368)

While insulation is being finalised on @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM), solar array deployment tests have begun for MTM before being attached to the craft; MTM is also being readied for Xenon fuelling, which will be used for the solar electric propulsion to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1012261951697809408)

First part of my multi-layered insulation is done, more sewing of the blankets happening this week. Looks very neat and tidy on this side already! I also got a software update! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png) http://ow.ly/C9qw30kHHvj  (https://t.co/3Mgmcl6JvS)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DgxG4ULUYAAhqkV.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.07.2018 21:51:03
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/07/03/arianespace-aims-for-busy-second-half-of-2018/
ЦитатаArianespace aims for busy second half of 2018
July 3, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/07/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/6-5-2018-VA245-678x479.jpg)
The BepiColombo mission's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Transfer Module undergo electrical testing at the Guiana Space Center. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Photo Optique Video du CSG - S. Martin

Europe's first mission to Mercury, a quartet of Galileo navigation spacecraft, a global winds observatory, and a new European weather satellite have arrived at an equatorial launch base in French Guiana in preparation for launches in the coming months.

The set of European missions are set to ride into space aboard four rockets, amid several more commercial flights carrying communications satellites to orbit, in what is shaping up to be a busy second half of the year for Arianespace, the French company which oversees Ariane 5, Soyuz and Vega launch operations at the European-run spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

The rapid-fire launch campaigns are already underway at the space center on the northeastern coast of South America, where technicians are preparing rocket and satellite hardware for liftoff.

Launch of Europe's first mission to Mercury targeted for Oct. 18
The BepiColombo mission to Mercury is on track for liftoff Oct. 18 (U.S. and French Guiana time), after a two-week slip caused by delays in finishing testing of the spacecraft in Europe earlier this year.

The four-piece Mercury mission, a partnership between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, will ride an Ariane 5 rocket into interplanetary space. The mission will return to Earth a gravitational assist flyby in April 2020, then use two encounters with Venus and five fleeting flybys of Mercury to spiral toward the inner solar system, eventually entering orbit around the innermost planet in December 2025.

The mission has an interplanetary launch window from Oct. 5 through Nov. 29, and liftoff is currently scheduled for approximately 0145 GMT on Oct. 19 (9:45 p.m. EDT; 10:45 p.m. French Guiana time on Oct. 18 ), ESA officials said.

Comprised of a European-built planetary orbiter, transfer module and sunshield, plus a Japanese-made orbiter to probe Mercury's magnetosphere, BepiColombo will be the second mission to orbit Mercury after NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, and the first led by Europe to accomplish the feat.

Europe has previously developed science probes to visit the moon, Mars, Venus, comets and asteroids, and Saturn's moon Titan.

BepiColombo's two scientific orbiters host instruments to map the planet's landscapes and topography, peer into darkened craters that may contain water ice and a mysterious frozen organic sludge, and probe the scorched world's interior structure by measuring its magnetic field.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/bepicolombo_processing-678x459.jpg)
Photos of BepiColombo's components undergoing launch preparations in Kourou, French Guiana. Clockwise, from upper left: Japan's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, the Mercury Transfer Module, BepiColombo's sunshield, and the European Mercury Planetary Orbiter. Credit: ESA-B.Guillaume; JAXA/ESA-M. Basile

The European-built Mercury Planetary Orbiter carries 11 instruments, a suite comprising a high-resolution mapping camera, a laser altimeter, an accelerometer, and a set of spectrometers on a downward-facing science deck that will remain pointed toward the planet throughout each orbit.

The Japanese-made Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter's five science sensors will study the plasma environment around Mercury, attempt to image the planet's sodium-rich tenuous atmosphere, and measure Mercury's magnetic field.

The two orbiters will launch with a propulsion module fitted with four plasma thrusters to guide them on the 7.2-year, 5.5-billion-mile (8.9-billion-kilometer) journey to Mercury. The transfer section and sunshield, which carry no scientific instrumentation, will be jettisoned when BepiColombo arrives at Mercury for the final time in 2025.

The mission is named for Giuseppe 'Bepi' Colombo, the Italian mathematician and engineer who helped design Mariner 10's Mercury flyby trajectory.

Components of the BepiColombo mission, along with ground support hardware, arrived in French Guiana from ESA's technical center in the Netherlands earlier this year on four Antonov cargo planes. Additional equipment traveled to the launch site by sea.

Since BepiColombo's arrival at the launch site, ground crews have installed hand-sewn thermal insulation blankets on the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Transfer Module. The spacecraft must withstand extreme temperature swings, and engineers designed new multi-layer insulation materials for BepiColombo.

BepiColombo has also completed electrical checkouts to ensure the spacecraft were not damaged during the trip from Europe. In the coming weeks, workers will conduct a solar array deployment test and fill the BepiColombo propulsion section with xenon fuel.

Build-up of the Ariane 5 rocket set to launch BepiColombo, designated VA245, should begin later this summer, and technicians will finish loading propellants into the spacecraft before assembling BepiColombo into its launch configuration.
...
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.07.2018 20:27:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 55 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1016357582838091778)

Busy days! Here's me hanging out with @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) last week at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash), as the sewing of my thermal blankets goes on. The insulation will help protect me from the extreme thermal conditions at Mercury (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/07/Sewing_MPO_insulation_blankets ... (https://t.co/W6Q2gXeqGT)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DhrTtGhW4AAYUOg.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.07.2018 20:29:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 43 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1016362718847225856)

Meanwhile, @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s tanks were loaded with 581 kg of #xenon (https://twitter.com/hashtag/xenon?src=hash), which will be used for the electric propulsion system that will take us to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f601.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 49 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1016361168120762375)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DhrW8ZUW0AA0Nve.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.07.2018 19:50:36
ЦитатаBepiColombo Simulation

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 10 июл. 2018 г.

Preparation is well under way for BepiColombo. Recently the long flight to Mercury was simulated at ESOC, ESA's Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany, where it will be controlled during its journey after its launch from Kourou.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_n-Q3dSuiwYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_n-Q3dSuiwY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_n-Q3dSuiwY) (3:31)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 11.07.2018 08:08:13
О, теперь понятно, что снимали. Я эту тренировку и проводил на позапрошлой неделе.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2018 19:18:55
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1017754410909421568)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Hello from the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash)! Launch preparation activities are proceeding: you can see me on the right, with thermal blankets now also on my high-gain antenna, and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) in the background. Integration on @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) (left of the picture) also ongoing: http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/07/BepiColombo_at_the_Spaceport ... (https://t.co/w8IynFNgoT)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_H0QoWkAAli-o.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2018 19:20:23
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1017754415300841475)

More photos, including sewing of insulation blankets for me & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60e.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png) http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/content/search?SearchText=BepiColombo&img=1&SearchButton=Go ... (https://t.co/jhjxGEPyDa)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_IjXXW0AA3Eef.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_IkOGXcAI7cII.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_Ik7sWAAEQDzH.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2018 19:21:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1017754422078787584)

Meanwhile, engineers are also working on thermal insulation of @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO), seen here (left pic) before the integration of the panels supporting the solar cells (panels: right pic) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f642.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_JM38XcAEnutn.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dh_JOEVXUAE1GTq.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2018 19:25:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1017755610467782656)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_Kw2jWsAEpELC.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_Kw2jWsAEpELC.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_Kw2jWsAEpELC.mp4) 0:01)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.07.2018 19:30:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1017783428954107905)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f3a5.png) The deployment test of @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s solar array wing on 6 July was pretty cool!

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_kXobW4AEOMKw.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_kXobW4AEOMKw.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dh_kXobW4AEOMKw.mp4) 0:11)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.07.2018 00:51:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 12 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1020249845733265408)

みんな!#水星 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/%E6%B0%B4%E6%98%9F?src=hash) への打ち上げに向けて最後のお着替えが終わったよ! 仲間のみんなと記念写真!

Hey! I finished my dressing up and now ready for space and #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)! Here photo with my friends!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DiinsjPU8AAGiqG.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.07.2018 08:43:51
(на яп. яз.)
Цитата国際水星探査計画「ベピコロンボ」

jaxasgm (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCj5JPsqumxa9LGUP4gbV1Dg)

Опубликовано: 19 июл. 2018 г.
ЦитатаМеждународный проект изучения Меркурия «BepiColombo»
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6l8kL6RUechttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6l8kL6RUec (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6l8kL6RUec) (2:49)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.07.2018 10:52:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1021298548904742912)

Latest from the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) solar array deployment tests completed (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg)ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 19 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1021296635719057408)

#Space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Space?src=hash) #Science (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Science?src=hash) #ImageOfTheWeek (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ImageOfTheWeek?src=hash): Final inspections for the #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 's solar arrays before being stowed for launch (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/07/Mercury_Transfer_Module_solar_wing_inspection ... (https://t.co/JtLHFJXHuV)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dixf34mXkAAn3Fi.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.07.2018 14:12:41
ЦитатаBepiColombo launch to Mercury

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 25 июн. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAw) (3:39)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.07.2018 14:19:59
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_to_target_mid-October_launch
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/videos/2018/06/bepicolombo_launch_to_mercury/17562173-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_launch_to_Mercury_printlarge.png) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2018/06/BepiColombo_launch_to_Mercury)
BepiColombo launch to Mercury

BEPICOLOMBO TO TARGET MID-OCTOBER LAUNCH

26 July 2018
Europe's first mission to Mercury will target the early morning of 19 October for launch, Arianespace and ESA announced today.

The joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission will launch on an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, setting a trio of spacecraft on course for Mercury. The spacecraft will travel together: a transfer module will carry the two science orbiters - the ESA Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the JAXA Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - using a combination of solar power and electric propulsion, and nine gravity-assist flybys of Earth, Venus and Mercury.

Lift-off is anticipated for around 01:45 GMT (03:45 CEST), equivalent to 18 October 22:45 in local time (GFT).

The date chosen represents the first option to launch, taking into account some additional, unplanned testing performed in Kourou. The launch window remains open until 29 November.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/07/mercury_planetary_orbiter_at_the_spaceport8/17596903-2-eng-GB/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter_at_the_Spaceport_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/07/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter_at_the_Spaceport8)
Mercury Planetary Orbiter at the Spaceport

"We have had a great start to our launch campaign in Kourou, and are on track for launch in less than ninety days," says ESA's BepiColombo project manager Ulrich Reininghaus.

"We have an incredibly packed schedule, but it is great to see our spacecraft building up together for the final time."

Since arriving at the Spaceport in May, many essential preparations have been completed. For example, the spacecraft have been fitted with their protective high-temperature blankets, xenon and nitrogen tanks have been checked, loaded and pressurised, and the deployment tests and final installations of the solar arrays are underway.

Simulations for key operations have also started at ESA's operations centre in Darmstadt, Germany. Personnel are also practicing non-routine events to be prepared for all eventualities on the journey to Mercury.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/videos/2018/07/bepicolombo_simulation/17585178-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_Simulation_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2018/07/BepiColombo_Simulation)
BepiColombo Simulation

The composite spacecraft 'stack' will make the first flyby of Mercury just three years after launch. A number of scientific instruments will be active during the planetary flybys, with the transfer module's 'webcams' offering the potential to capture simple images before the main science camera is operational in Mercury orbit.

Once separated into their final orbits, the two scientific craft will make complementary measurements of the innermost planet and its environment, from its deep interior to its interaction with the solar wind, to provide the best understanding of Mercury to date. The results will provide insight into how the innermost planet of a solar system forms and evolves close to its parent star.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.07.2018 12:34:17
http://tass.ru/kosmos/5407349
ЦитатаЗапуск к Меркурию исследовательской миссии BepiColombo запланирован на 19 октября

Космос (http://tass.ru/kosmos) | 26 июля, 23:42 UTC+3

ПАРИЖ, 26 июля. /ТАСС/. Космические аппараты исследовательской миссии BepiColombo, которая готовится Европейским космическим агентством (ЕSA) совместно с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA), будут запущены 19 октября с космодрома во Французской Гвиане. Об этом сообщили в четверг в пресс-службе ЕSА.

"Совместная миссия ESA и JAXA BepiColombo будет запущена на борту ракеты Ariane 5 из европейского космопорта в Куру, отправив тройку космических аппаратов в путешествие к Меркурию. Аппараты будут путешествовать вместе - трансферный модуль будет нести два научных орбитальных аппарата, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия", - говорится в сообщении агентства.

Старт запланирован на 22:45 18 октября по местному времени Французской Гвианы (04:45 19 октября мск). "Выбранная дата является первой возможностью для запуска с учетом того, что возможны некоторые дополнительные незапланированные проверки в Куру. Стартовое окно останется открытым до 29 ноября", - добавили в ЕSА.
Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями ESA и JAXA. В ходе миссии к Меркурию должны быть доставлены два орбитальных аппарата, задачей которых станет всестороннее изучение планеты и окружающего пространство, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Несколько научных приборов, установленных на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании двух спектрометров, предназначенных для изучения элементного состава поверхности Меркурия и для исследования экзосферы планеты.

В ЕSА рассчитывают, что аппараты миссии BepiColombo могут проработать на орбите Меркурия год. За это время должны быть собраны данные о химическом составе меркурианской поверхности, проведено исследование магнитного поля планеты и осуществлен поиск льда на ее полюсах.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.07.2018 13:42:23
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 22 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1022828551119233024)

We've got our launch date, but there's still a lot of preparation to do between now and 19 Oct for our #bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash) spacecraft @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi), @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM). (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4fd.png) Latest video report from the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash):
(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_normal.jpg) ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2018/07/006/1807_006_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2018/07/006/1807_006_AR_EN.mp4)
(video (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2018/07/006/1807_006_AR_EN.mp4) 2:43)
ЦитатаBepiColombo ongoing health checks
The BepiColombo spacecraft, Europe's first mission to Mercury, arrived at Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana in May. The spacecraft have been undergoing a series of ongoing health checks.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.07.2018 19:32:37
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 9 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1024190501048774656)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f916.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/3030.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/3030.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Djan1RcWwAA2_4V.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 9 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1024197184080605184)

In "electrical stack configuration" with @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM). We moved closer together so we could connect electrically with extension cables for more testing(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png): http://ow.ly/JCrC30lc3zw  (https://t.co/X2W6vjhOSu)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Djat6RlXsAAaJGf.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Maks от 02.08.2018 00:49:11
Чем ближе планета к Солнцы, тем более плотные породы на ней существуют. Какие самые плотные породы есть на планете?
Свинец, уран, платина?
Если обнаружат вулканы, то могут быть подземные озера из натрия, лития.
Интереснo распределение углерода, графита на экваторе.
Какие уникальные минералы на нем присутствуют?
Есть ли соединения гелия с водородом НеН, криптона в виде льда и другие экзотические
вещества, которых нет на Земле.
Может быть найдут новые жаростойкие сплавы, минералы или изотопы ( вольфрама, танталла, рения) которые можно использовать в конструкции ракетных двигателей, т.к. при солнечних вспышках температyра поверхности Меркурия могла достигать 600С и выше.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.08.2018 17:30:59
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/va245-bepicolombo-testing/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | August 1, 2018

BepiColombo "spreads its wings" in preparation for Arianespace's October launch

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/07/7-31-2018-VA245-pano/3443275667.jpg)
One of two solar arrays on BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module is opened during testing in the Spaceport's S5C clean room high bay (at left) and is inspected after full deployment (photo at right).

BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) - which is part of a multi-part spacecraft composite to be launched by Ariane 5 in October for exploration of the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet - has undergone tests at the Spaceport in French Guiana to validate the deployment process for its two solar arrays.

These two arrays - one installed on each side of the module - were opened with the use of an overhead rig that helped support the solar panels as they extended to their full length, simulating the low gravity conditions in space. The activity took place in the SC5 clean room high bay, which is the largest hall in the Spaceport's S5 payload preparation facility.
To be launched on Arianespace Flight VA245 on October 18, BepiColombo consists of four elements: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), a three-axis stabilized spacecraft tasked to study the planet's surface and internal composition; the spin-stabilized Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), which will provide data on Mercury's magnetosphere; the Mercury Transfer Module, providing solar-electric propulsion on the trajectory to Mercury; and the MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF).

Bringing together Europe and Japan
The European Space Agency is responsible for the overall BepiColombo mission design and integration of the various spacecraft elements, and it provides three of the components: the MPO, MTM and MOSIF.

Japan supplies the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, which is provided by the country's Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

The composite spacecraft "stack" will make its first flyby of Mercury three years after launch, followed by separation of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter to circle the planet - providing data that will provide new insights of the planet as well as the solar system's formation.

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/7-31-2018-VA245-pano-2.jpg)
The three additional elements for BepiColombo's multi-part spacecraft composite also are being readied for launch in the Spaceport's S5 payload preparation facility. Shown at left is the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), followed by the MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF) (center photo), and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), at right.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.08.2018 16:03:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 авг. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1026726589034323968)

Last week at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash): with the three #bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash) spacecraft modules @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) & @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) connected electrically and linked to teams at @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations), we completed a system validation test (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png): http://ow.ly/qF6Z30lirgl  (https://t.co/Rk4InqaNPS)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dj-qZC9W0AE7Zme.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.08.2018 16:08:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 23 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1026828804889690112)

Testing of @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)'s solar array has also begun at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash). @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s arrays were tested earlier in the launch campaign and already installed on the spacecraft module. Your turn soon, Bepi!
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 23 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1026827497214803968)

Watching as my solar array is being deployed and inspected in a special rig needed to support the array from above, to help simulate the weightlessness of space. I'm looking forward to having a go at it myself soon (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60a.png) Latest photos: http://ow.ly/tMNp30liKJ5  (https://t.co/9rWR5lDaPn)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkAGKoAUcAAQF-t.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkAGKkzUYAIIB8y.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.08.2018 22:24:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/740932957309947906/eyELdt9o_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/1029031858628120577)

5 satellites at Spaceport for upcoming #Arianespace (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Arianespace?src=hash) flights w/ #Vega (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Vega?src=hash), #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) & #Soyuz (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Soyuz?src=hash): #Aeolus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Aeolus?src=hash) (@ESA_EO (https://twitter.com/ESA_EO)); #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) (@esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience)); #MetOpC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MetOpC?src=hash) (@ESA_EO (https://twitter.com/ESA_EO)); #AZERSPACE2 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AZERSPACE2?src=hash) (@AzercosmosOJSCo (https://twitter.com/AzercosmosOJSCo)); #Horizons3e (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Horizons3e?src=hash) (@INTELSAT (https://twitter.com/INTELSAT) #SkyPerfectJSAT (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SkyPerfectJSAT?src=hash)). We're proud to deliver for cutting-edge missions!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dkfa8gjWsAAbaEp.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.08.2018 14:56:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 21 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1029386003285458944)

Some careful finishing touches to the sewing of the multi-layered insulation around my high-gain antenna and mechanisms, currently in stowed configuration...

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkkdHQfXgAAG45m.jpg)

21 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1029386938753667080)

...Once in #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) I'll unfold the antenna and use it to communicate with you all back on #Earth (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earth?src=hash) while I'm travelling to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) with @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) & @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dkkdwp_XgAAiyKH.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dkkdwp_XgAAiyKH.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dkkdwp_XgAAiyKH.mp4) 0:04)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.08.2018 21:36:21
ЦитатаBepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) ретвитнул(а)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 15 авг. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1029639908149915648)

В ответ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

LOOK! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f440.png) My solar array is attached! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png) Can you see it?!? It's got some help hanging from the 'zero-g' rig, and it's going to get folded up again soon, and then I can practise deploying it, and then it will be stowed for launch...like yours @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f605.png) #Excited (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Excited?src=hash)!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkoECgZWwAASK0d.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.08.2018 23:41:08
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 11 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1030388680634982400)

6000人を超える仲間たちの名前やメッセージがメモリーカードに入って、わたしの中に搭載されているよ!みんなからの熱い想いを、必ず灼熱の水星に届けるね!

Names and messages from public in a memory card is installed in my heart! I take the hot messages to the hot planet, Mercury!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkyshNLU0AA3vGj.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkytAMAUcAMK4w-.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DkytBb3UwAEFoXH.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.08.2018 23:45:06
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1030454113799233536)

For my 101st tweet it seems fitting to tell you that our ride to #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) is planned on the 101st launch of an #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash)! Leaving planet Earth for #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) in 2 months time: 01:45 GMT/03:45 CEST on 19 Oct, or 22:45GFT on 18 Oct for us here at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DkzobmxXoAAKMrV.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DkzobmxXoAAKMrV.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DkzobmxXoAAKMrV.mp4) 0:03)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.08.2018 14:33:47
ЦитатаInside the cleanroom with BepiColombo

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 21 авг. 2018 г.

ESA Web TV talks to BepiColombo project manager Ulrich Reininghaus inside the cleanroom at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, where the mission is undergoing final preparations for its launch to Mercury.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkHySvc913Ihttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkHySvc913I (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkHySvc913I) (5:53)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.08.2018 03:46:45
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 17 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1032533392632541184)

Look what I can do with my solar array @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)! Now I just have to keep it folded up until we're in #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f62c.png) [Photo: ESA-B.Guillaume]

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DlRLpecXcAUSbsA.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.08.2018 18:38:32
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035452760441999360)

Hey Mio @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO), ready to sit up top? (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f446.png) Just like we practiced back home at #ESTEC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTEC?src=hash)...

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6qzDoW0AAVsYx.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1035454424594800640)

В ответ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)

うん、大丈夫だよ!準備はオッケー! Yes please! I'm ready! Coming up! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6sSVBUcAEK_jN.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 6 ч.6 часов назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035455138889191424)

Left a bit (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60b.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6s9fzWsAElJEt.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.08.2018 18:48:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035455365029277696)

Good to have you back Mio! Just please watch out for my antennas sticking out there! Ready to stay like that for a few years?!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6tKphXcAEcg24.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1035459636776919040)

В ответ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44b.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f633.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f5ef.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f5e3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50a.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2049.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44b.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44b.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6xDUOWsAAuIBK.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035460927473295360)

В ответ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

Don't worry @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM), we didn't forget you! You and I still have some work to finish before we can be attached. But... shall we come over there to see you anyway, and check our connections work?

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6yOdZXcAAIBEd.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1035462187660263425)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f916.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6zXzuWsAA29Bt.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035464351870791680)

Just a quick visit though @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM), we'll get properly attached closer to launch (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl61VwGUcAATL-S.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 6 ч. (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1035465107709612032)

В ответ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60a.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f197.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.08.2018 18:56:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1035456116371673089)

Our @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) & @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) modules are attached! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f91d.png) It is so great to see our #spacecraft (https://twitter.com/hashtag/spacecraft?src=hash) 'stack' building up again! @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) will be added once the modules have been filled with propellants - that milestone coming soon.

Read latest status report: http://ow.ly/2uOT30lDahy  (https://t.co/Frzh4Mrsaa)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl6t2UoX4AAil3d.jpg)
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_science_orbiters_stacked_together
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

BEPICOLOMBO SCIENCE ORBITERS STACKED TOGETHER

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/08/mmo_and_mpo_mini-stack/17668840-1-eng-GB/MMO_and_MPO_mini-stack_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/08/MMO_and_MPO_mini-stack)
MMO and MPO mini-stack

31 August 2018
The two science orbiters of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission are connected in their launch configuration and the European science orbiter and transport module have been given the go-ahead to be loaded with propellants.

The mission completed its Qualification Acceptance Review in the last week, which confirms it is on track for its 19 October launch. The three-spacecraft mission is currently scheduled to launch on an Ariane 5 at 03:45 CEST (01:45 GMT) on 19 October, or 22:45 local time in Kourou on 18 October, with the launch window remaining open until 29 November.

Following the successful fuelling readiness review on 30 August, the chemical propellants - such as hydrazine - can be added to the European Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) and Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO).

"These important reviews represent further key milestone in our launch campaign, bringing us to the final stages of our launch preparations, while in the longer term enabling the journey and operations at Mercury," says Ulrich Reininghaus, ESA's BepiColombo project manager.

"With the fueling activities planned for 5-12 September, a technical point of no return will be reached. After mechanical stacking, final electrical health check and transfer to the final assembly building, the launch will be the next major event."
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/08/bepicolombo_stack_fit_check/17668879-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_stack_fit_check_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/08/BepiColombo_stack_fit_check)
BepiColombo stack 'fit check'

The transfer module will use both ion propulsion and chemical propulsion, in combination with gravity assist flybys at Earth, Venus and Mercury to bring the two science orbiters close enough to Mercury to be gravitationally captured into its orbit.

There, MPO will use its small thrusters to deliver JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) into its elliptical orbit around Mercury, before separating and descending to its own orbit closer to the planet.
This month the two science modules were arranged in their launch configuration for the first time in over a year; the last occasion was at ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands during final testing before shipment (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Preparing_for_Mercury_BepiColombo_stack_completes_testing) to Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

The MTM will be integrated at the bottom of the stack once the propellant-loading activities have been completed. A test-run of the integration was already exercised last week with the unfueled modules. The sunshield (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/07/BepiColombo_sunshield_at_the_Spaceport) that will protect the MMO from the Sun's radiation on the seven year journey will also be added much closer to launch.

"The long journey to Mercury has not yet started, but I feel the two science orbiters already have a strong bond between them, thanks to the long history of this mission," says Go Murakami, JAXA's BepiColombo project scientist. "I believe they will achieve a very successful mission with their joint science measurements."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_orbits/16896772-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_orbits_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_orbits)
BepiColombo orbits

MMO's main science goals are to provide a detailed study of the magnetic environment of Mercury, the interaction of the solar wind with the planet, and the diverse chemical species present in the exosphere - the planet's extremely tenuous 'atmosphere'.

The MPO will focus more on surface processes and composition, and together with MMO, will help piece together the full picture of the interaction of the solar wind on the planet's environment and surface. Together they will watch how this interaction at the surface feeds back into what is observed in the exosphere and how that varies both in time and location - something that can only be achieved with two spacecraft in such complementary orbits.

"Seeing the two BepiColombo science orbiters finally attached together and knowing that they will now stay in this configuration for the next seven years is quite emotional," says Johannes Benkhoff, ESA's BepiColombo project scientist. "It's another strong indication that we will start our mission soon and I'm really looking forward to all the science measurements we have planned with instruments on these two orbiters."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/07/bepi_colombo_timeline/17193015-1-eng-GB/Bepi_Colombo_timeline_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/07/Bepi_Colombo_timeline)
Bepi Colombo timeline
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.08.2018 19:11:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 5 ч.5 часов назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1035482897325514752)

В ответ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)

わぁ!もう忘れかけてたけど、やっぱり@ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) の上はサイコー!さぁ、待っててね、#水星 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/%E6%B0%B4%E6%98%9F?src=hash) !

WOW! I almost forgot how cool it was to be up here. Almost ready for you, #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)!!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl7GJb5UcAEcdNt.jpg)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 5 ч.5 часов назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1035483824707260416)

В ответ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)

Don't forget we still need to collect your sunshield before we go! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60e.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dl7HDQnWsAAmBFT.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.09.2018 19:57:41
http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/topics/001847.html (англ.яз.)
(яп. оригинал - http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/topics/001846.html)

ЦитатаSep 5, 2018
BepiColombo science orbiters stacked together

The two science orbiters of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission are connected in their launch configuration and the European science orbiter and transport module have been given the go-ahead to be loaded with propellants.

The mission completed its Qualification Acceptance Review in the last week, which confirms it is on track for its 19 October launch. The three-spacecraft mission is currently scheduled to launch on an Ariane 5 at 03:45 CEST (01:45 GMT) on 19 October, or 22:45 local time in Kourou on 18 October, with the launch window remaining open until 29 November.

Please visit the ESA website (http://sci.esa.int/bepicolombo/60586-bepicolombo-science-orbiters-stacked-together/) for more details.

(http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/topics/assets_c/2018/09/20180905_1-thumb-autox700-5119.jpg) (http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/topics/files/20180905_1.jpg)
"MIO" (MMO) [top] and MPO [bottom] being arranged in their launch configuration at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou. 
Credit: ESA-B.Guillaume


(http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/topics/assets_c/2018/09/20180905_2-thumb-700xauto-5122.jpg) (http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/topics/files/20180905_2.jpg)
"MIO" (MMO) [top] and MPO [middle] being arranged in their launch configuration together with the MTM [bottom] in a so-called 'fit-check'.
Credit: ESA-B.Guillaume
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.09.2018 10:42:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 16 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1037963488981909504)

We're on the move! After our first months at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) in the "processing area", we've transferred to a different room for our upcoming chemical propulsion fueling activities. Latest (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png): http://ow.ly/vfqa30lIJws  (https://t.co/7x2dcr3bJj)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DmeWSt6X4AACrC1.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.09.2018 19:06:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 сент. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1038068888636928000)

Last week at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash): @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) radiator fins were attached, and the modules have transferred to a different building in the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) for chemical propulsion fuelling. Latest photos: http://ow.ly/uESt30lJ4ps  (https://t.co/TcOa80REdJ)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dmf2JwqUcAEoEd-.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 14.09.2018 13:53:36
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1040501446427533312)

A few pics of the preparations for the chemical propulsion fuelling activities last week (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png) http://ow.ly/OExW30lOFTZ  (https://t.co/8C7uLQnGW1)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1040500620917198848)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26a0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f468-200d-1f680.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f469-200d-1f680.png) http://ow.ly/mdV630lOFPA  (https://t.co/rHBWVKC78W)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DnCZzOUX4AA6HkQ.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.09.2018 21:05:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1042004282109816832)

Latest status: fuelling of @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) complete! #EPSC2018 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/EPSC2018?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DnXxXznWwAAb1Yu.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.09.2018 21:09:33
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1042004787921920001)

Next: build complete spacecraft stack, integrate with launcher, final launch preps... then liftoff! Now targeting 19 Oct 22:45 (Kourou) / 20 Oct 03:45 CEST #EPSC2018 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/EPSC2018?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnXx1QOW4AAxRlX.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnXx1QOW4AAxRlX.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnXx1QOW4AAxRlX.mp4) 0:16)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.09.2018 21:39:08
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/mercury_magnetospheric_orbiter_top_view/16896539-3-eng-GB/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter_top_view_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter_top_view)
Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, top view

MERCURY MAGNETOSPHERIC ORBITER

JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) is a spin-stabilised spacecraft that will make 15 rotations per minute, with its spin axis 90º to the Sun. It will operate from a 9.3 hour elliptical polar orbit, that will take it between 590 and 11 640 km above the planet's surface.

Because it won't be spinning during the journey, it will be protected by the MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF). This ESA-built component will not only provide thermal protection but also mechanical and electrical interfaces for the MMO, before it is discarded after arriving at Mercury.

The MMO has five science instruments:

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/07/mmo_s_science_instruments/17050093-1-eng-GB/MMO_s_science_instruments_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/07/MMO_s_science_instruments)
MMO's science instruments

Mercury Magnetometer (MMO-MAG): Providing a detailed description of Mercury's magnetosphere and of its interaction with the planetary magnetic field and the solar wind. Principal Investigator:Wolfgang Baumjohann, Austrian Space Science, Graz, Austria.

Mercury Plasma Particle Experiment (MPPE): Seven sensors studying plasma and energetic particles in the magnetosphere and the interaction between the solar wind and Mercury's magnetosphere. Principal Investigator: Yoshifumi Saito, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan.

Mercury Plasma Wave Instrument (PWI): In situ and remote-sensing analysis of electric fields, plasma waves and radio waves in Mercury's plasma environment. Principal Investigator: Yasumasa Kasaba, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Mercury Sodium Atmosphere Spectral Imager (MSASI): Measuring the abundance, distribution and dynamics of sodium in Mercury's exosphere to investigate its sources and related processes. Principal Investigator: Ichiro Yoshikawa, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Mercury Dust Monitor (MDM): Studying the distribution of interplanetary dust in the orbit of Mercury. Principal Investigator: Masanori Kobayashi, Chiba Institute of Technology, Japan.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.09.2018 21:44:14
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2013/03/bepicolombo_module_in_space_simulator/12561275-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_module_in_space_simulator_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2013/03/BepiColombo_module_in_space_simulator)
BepiColombo module in space simulator

HIGH TEMPERATURE CHALLENGE

Most of ESA's previous interplanetary missions have been to relatively cold parts of the Solar System. BepiColombo will be the Agency's first experience of sending a planetary probe close to the Sun. At Mercury it will endure temperatures in excess of 350°C. To cope with this, the spacecraft's external items, such as the antennas, solar arrays, Sun sensors and multilayer insulation, have temperature-resistant outer layers and protective coatings, which were individually qualified to prove their capability.

Despite travelling towards the Sun, the transfer module requires a large solar array, its two wings together totaling 42 m2. Because of the high solar intensity, they cannot directly face the Sun without reaching excessively high temperatures, so they instead have to be rotated away from the Sun and therefore still need a large area to meet the power requirements of the spacecraft.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_in_cruise_configuration/16896735-2-eng-GB/BepiColombo_in_cruise_configuration_medium.png) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_in_cruise_configuration)
BepiColombo in cruise configuration

The Mercury Planetary Orbiter is a three-axis stabilised spacecraft with one side facing Mercury. It is equipped with a radiator of the largest size compatible with the Ariane 5 fairing diameter. This is specially designed to reflect heat directionally, thus allowing the spacecraft to fly at low altitude over the hot surface of the planet. Heat generated by spacecraft subsystems and payload components, as well as heat coming from the Sun and Mercury and 'leaking' through the blankets into the spacecraft, is carried away to the radiator by heat pipes.

Most science instruments are mounted on the side of the spacecraft pointing at Mercury, with certain instruments or sensors located directly at the main radiator, to achieve the low detector temperatures needed for sensitive observations.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_stack/16896495-2-eng-GB/BepiColombo_stack_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_stack)
BepiColombo stack

The Mercury Magnetosphere Orbiter is an octagonal spin-stabilised spacecraft; its spin axis will be nearly perpendicular to Mercury's orbital plane around the Sun, ensuring that the 'top' and 'bottom' of the spacecraft are never Sun-pointed. Each of the eight side panels is fitted with solar cells, with the areas not covered equipped instead with a mirror finish to reflect solar radiation. The spinning nature of the craft also helps to evenly distribute the heat, like roasting a pig on a spit.

Because it will not be spinning during the cruise phase, it is thermally protected by the sunshield for the journey.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.09.2018 23:41:59
http://www.europlanet-eu.org/epsc-2018-early-birth-and-strange-chemistry-mercury-studies-reveal-an-intriguing-target-for-bepicolombo/
ЦитатаSEPTEMBER 18, 2018

Early birth and strange chemistry: Mercury studies reveal an intriguing target for BepiColombo

A month before the planned launch of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury, two new studies shed light on when the innermost planet formed and the puzzle of its chemical composition. The findings will be presented by Bastien Brugger and Thomas Ronnet at the European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC) 2018 in Berlin.

Mercury is the least-studied of the terrestrial planets and is something of an anomaly compared to Venus, Earth and Mars. It is very small, very dense, has an oversized molten core, and formed under chemical conditions that mean it contains much less oxidized material than its neighbouring planets.

Research by a team at the University of Aix Marseille suggests that two factors may help explain why Mercury is so strange. Firstly, the planet may have formed very early in the Solar System's history fr om condensed vapour from planetesimals. Secondly, the distribution of sulphur and silicon within Mercury's mantle and iron core may be different than previously thought.
"We think that very early in the Solar System, planetesimals in the innermost region of the Solar System could have formed from reprocessed material that was vaporized due to the extreme temperature there and subsequently recondensed," said Ronnet. "In addition, we are able to rule out a scenario wh ere Mercury formed from a pile-up of planetesimals coming from further out in the Solar System since, in this case, Mercury would contain more oxidized material than we actually find."

Previous studies have suggested that Mercury is very rich in iron, but contains more sulphur than should be available in the material from which the bulk of the Solar System formed.

Brugger ran computer simulations of Mercury's interior with a large range of densities and compositions and compared the results with gravity data gathered by the MESSENGER mission.

"We found that silicon may be the key alloying element in Mercury's core, instead of sulphur, the previous main suspect," said Brugger. "By having a much richer silicon content in the core and less sulphur, our models matched both the MESSENGER observations and the latest laboratory experiments on the composition of Mercury. This could solve the problem of why Mercury seemed to have too much sulphur compared to the rest of the Solar System."

The results also suggest that Mercury has a dense mantle that may contain substantial amounts of iron. To confirm this, Brugger and his colleagues will need further observations from future missions.

"MESSENGER did not detect iron in its analysis of Mercury's surface composition, but this may be due to the spectral channels of its instrumentation. With the launch of BepiColombo, we will have a whole new suite of instruments to investigate this mysterious planet and try to understand its structure and origins," said Brugger.

BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury. It is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA, and consists of two scientific orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. They will be carried on a seven year journey to the innermost planet by the Mercury Transfer Module, using a combination of ion propulsion and gravity assist flybys at Earth, Venus and Mercury. The mission will study all aspects of Mercury, building on the achievements of MESSENGER to provide the best understanding of the Solar System's innermost planet to date.

Images

BepiColombo approaching Mercury. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab, NASA/JPL
(http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury-300x169.jpg) (http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury.jpg)

Interior of Mercury. Credit: Brugger/ University of Aix Marseille/NASA/JPL/JHU-APL
(http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Mercury_core-300x181.jpg) (http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Mercury_core.jpg)

False colour image of Mercury to enhance the chemical, mineralogical, and physical differences between the rocks that make up Mercury's surface. Credit: NASA/JHU-APL/Carnegie Institution of Washington
(http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/PIA16853-300x169.jpg) (http://www.europlanet-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/PIA16853.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.09.2018 19:16:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg)ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1043078598868066304)

The high-gain antenna of our #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) mission, which inherited high-temperature technologies & materials from @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo)'s antenna, is now ready to be integrated with the spacecraft ahead of upcoming satellite testing campaign (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) Details: http://sci.esa.int/solar-orbiter/60671-antenna-s-european-journey-to-join-solar-orbiter/ ... (https://t.co/dSs7CmOEpJ)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnnBr6xXgAA1rYU.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnnBr6xXgAA1rYU.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DnnBr6xXgAA1rYU.mp4) 0:11)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.09.2018 23:39:41
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 8 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1044928740898353152)

Our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) spacecraft stack is complete! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60a.png) Latest photos from the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) show the two science orbiters being lowered onto the transfer module in launch configuration (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png). More info: http://ow.ly/AIlu30lYKUy  (https://t.co/aXSKzncKpq)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBVJtLWkAIFUhX.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 8 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1044931702613839872)

Here we go! @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) and I are coming aboard, @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png) The band is back together, and this time for the next seven years... wow !(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f916.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png)
http://ow.ly/vjBE30lYLss  (https://t.co/wCvgy0NW5y)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBX2CbXgAIFm0G.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBX2FsXsAALPpC.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 8 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1044932759465209856)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f195.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png) http://ow.ly/zcwN30lYM3j  (https://t.co/qBQH6CoC4Y) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44d.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBYznuXsAEJDd3.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBYzopXcAAwdnw.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoBYznXXoAEf9ps.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.09.2018 23:50:49
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/09/BepiColombo_stack
ЦитатаBEPICOLOMBO STACK

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/09/bepicolombo_stack/17707465-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_stack_node_full_image_2.jpg)

Download LOW-RES JPG (627.43 kB) (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/09/bepicolombo_stack/17707465-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_stack.jpg)
Download HI-RES JPG (14.55 MB) (http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/09/bepicolombo_stack/17707466-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_stack.jpg)

DETAILS (http://www.esa.int/extension/esadam/design/esadam/images/global/arw_red_on.gif) (http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/09/BepiColombo_stack#)
    [/li]
  • Title BepiColombo stack

  • Released 26/09/2018 2:00 pm

  • Copyright ESA-B.Guillaume

  • Description

    The BepiColombo spacecraft 'stack' is complete. ESA's Mercury Transfer Module sits at the bottom, its two 15 m-long solar arrays folded for launch. It will use a combination of solar electric propulsion, chemical propulsion, and nine gravity assist flybys over seven years to deliver the two science orbiters that sit above, to Mercury.

    In the middle of the stack is ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter, its 3.7 m wide radiator facing the viewer. The three red oval shapes indicate startrackers, which will be used for navigation.

    Most science instruments are mounted on the side of the spacecraft that will point at Mercury - the side clamped against the transfer module during cruise - but some instruments and sensors are located at the main radiator, and the magnetometer boom is folded above.

    On top is JAXA's eight-sided Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. The sunshield that will protect the module during the cruise phase will be added about a week before launch.

    Eight of the 11 instrument suites onboard the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and three out of five on the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter can operate or partially operate during the cruise phase, and will take measurements during the two flybys of Venus, for example. Once at Mercury, the two orbiters will operate from different orbits to provide the most detailed study of the innermost planet date, from its interior to surface features, to its interaction with the solar wind.

    The complete spacecraft stack will be attached to the launch vehicle and sealed inside the fairing in the final week before launch. Roll-out of the Ariane 5 to the launch pad is anticipated about two days before launch.

    Launch is currently scheduled for 19 October 22:45 GFT local time, or 01:45 GMT / 03:45 CEST on 20 October. It will be the 101st launch of an Ariane 5.

    Details on how to follow online will be provided closer to the day.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.09.2018 00:06:15
РН готовится к миссии VA245
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1000664021496840197/LZ5AkExQ_bigger.jpg)Ayano AKIYAMA‏ @ayano_kova (https://twitter.com/ayano_kova) 25 сент. (https://twitter.com/ayano_kova/status/1044614472785113088)

この子は準備中のVA245。ベピが乗るのです!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dn83TaoX0AMBAMp.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: vogel от 28.09.2018 12:38:43
Цитата
"BepiColombo" Launch Schedule Change


September 27, 2018 (JST)
National Research and Development Agency
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

Though Ariane 5 launch with BepiColombo mission explorers aboard was originally scheduled for 10:45 p.m., October 18, (local time in French Guinea) 2018, due to schedule adjustments the launch has moved later as follows:

[TH]Launch Date:[/TH][TH]Reserved Launch Period:[/TH][TH]Location:[/TH]
10:45:28 p.m., October 19, 2018 (local time in French Guinea)
(10:45:28 a.m., October 20, 2018 in Japan Time,)
through November 29, 2018 (in local time in French Guinea)
Guiana Space Centre, Europe's spaceport in Kourou


http://global.jaxa.jp/press/2018/09/20180927_mmo.html

20 октября 01:45:28 UTC
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: triage от 30.09.2018 08:45:07
Немного на русском, хотя в подробностях в последних записях одни pdf ESA
Цитата https://np.cosmos.ru/novosti
 Отдел №63 "Ядерной планетологии"
21.09.2018 Завершение установки ЭВТИ на MПO и MTM (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/193-zavershenie-ustanovki-evti-na-mpo-i-mtm)
14.09.2018 Заправка МПО и МТМ (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/192-zapravka-mpo-i-mtm)
07.09.2018 Оба модуля BepiColombo установлены для заправки (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/174-oba-modulya-ustanovlenny)
31.08.2018 Установка радиатора радиатора модуля MPO BepiColombo завершена (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/175-ustanovka-radiatora-radiatora-mpo-zavershena)
24.08.2018 Завершено окончательное механическое и электрическое тестирование на модулях MPO и MMO BepiColombo (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/176-zaversheno-okonchatelnoe-mmo-mosif-mekhanicheskoe-i-elektricheskoe-testirovanie-na-mpo) 
17.08.2018 Установка проводки для электрической конфигурации наземного оборудования БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/177-byla-zavershena-ustanovka-provodki-dlya-elektricheskoj-konfiguratsii-mc)
10.08.2018 Результаты предстартового теста (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/178-trebuyutsya-nekotorye-protsedurnye-izmeneniya)
03.08.2018 BepiColombo успешно выполнил SVT-2 (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/179-bepicolombo-uspeshno-vypolnil-svt-2)
27.07.2018 BepiColombo готов к электрическим испытаниям (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/180-bepicolombo-nakhoditsya-v-konfiguratsii-elektricheskogo-steka)
20.07.2018 Электрические испытания БепиКоломбо запланированы на следующую неделю (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/181-elektricheskij-test-zaplanirovan-na-sleduyushchuyu-nedelyu)
13.07.2018 Установка ЭВТИ MPO вокруг поворотных механизмов антенн (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/182-integratsiya-mpo-mli-vokrug-mekhanizma-ukazaniya-antenn)
06.07.2018 Соединение NDIU БепиКоломбо с ESOC было успешно проверено (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/183-soedinenie-ndiu-s-esoc-bylo-uspeshno-provereno)
29.06.2018 Мероприятия по установке ЭВТИ БепиКоломбо идут полным ходомо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/184-meropriyatiya-mli-prodvigayutsya)
22.06.2018 Завершена проверка всех клапанов КА БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/185-zavershena-proverka-vsekh-klapanov)
15.06.2018 Завершена интеграция и шитье ЭВТИ БепиКоломбо на боковой панели (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/186-zavershena-integratsiya-i-shite-mli-na-bokovoj-paneli)
08.06.2018 Стартовая кампания КА БепиКоломбо упешно продвигается (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/187-startovaya-kampaniya-upeshno-prodvigaetsya)
01.06.2018 Контейнерный корабль «CMA CGM Brasil» прибыл на Куру (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/188-kontejnernyj-korabl-cma-cgm-brasil-pribyl)
25.05.2018 DTC (развертываемые термические покрытия) на MPО БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/189-dtc-razvertyvaemye-termicheskie-pokrytiya-na-mp)
18.05.2018 Интенсивные электрические проверк КА БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/190-intensivnye-elektricheskie-proverki)
11.05.2018 Полезная нагрузка модуля MPО БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/156-poleznaya-nagruzka-mpo)
04.05.2018 Распаковка и монтирование модуля МПО БепиКоломбо (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/154-raspakovka-i-montirovanie-mpo)
27.04.2018 Прибытие в Куру сокращенной команды (https://np.cosmos.ru/index.php/60-novosti/152-pribytie-v-kouru-sokrashchennoj-komandy)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.10.2018 19:11:46
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/va245-bepicolombo-preparations/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 2, 2018
BepiColombo is readied for its October 19 Ariane 5 flight on a mission to Mercury

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/10-1-2018-VA245-pano/2455117331.jpg)
The two BepiColombo science orbiters are assembled during activity in the Spaceport's S5 payload preparation facility, marking an integration milestone in preparation for Arianespace's October 19 launch with an Ariane 5.

Preparations are moving ahead for Arianespace's next Ariane 5 launch, which will send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.

Scheduled for an October 19 liftoff from the Spaceport in French Guiana, this upcoming flight will continue Arianespace's launch services for missions that help unlock mysteries of deep space.
BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Its Mercury Composite Spacecraft (MCS) consists of two orbiters: the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO); as well as two additional elements: the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), and the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF). BepiColombo was built under the industrial leadership of Airbus, which heads a consortium of 83 companies from 16 countries.

After launch by Ariane 5, BepiColombo will arrive at Mercury in late 2025. During its one-year nominal mission (with a possible 1-year extension), the MPO and MMO will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind. Goals of the mission also include investigating Mercury's surface features and chemistry.

Designated Flight VA245 in Arianespace's launcher family numbering system, the BepiColombo mission will be the company's seventh in 2018, following heavy-lift Ariane 5 flights in September, July, April and January; as well as a light-lift Vega launch in August and a medium-lift Soyuz mission in March.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.10.2018 19:14:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1047834208994037761)

Now the three of us are stacked in launch configuration, the gap between me and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) has been sewn over with a special multi-layered insulation "skirt". Less than 16 days to launch!
#Bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Bepicolombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Doqnp9uXUAAYcMA.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 00:14:47
ЦитатаBepiColombo mission to Mercury

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 9 окт. 2018 г.

BepiColombo is scheduled for launch at 01:45 GMT (03:45 CEST) on 20 October on an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou.
Final assembly of the two orbiters and transfer module has taken place, ready for the spacecraft to be integrated into its Ariane 5 launcher.

BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored planet in the inner Solar System. It is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA, and consists of two scientific orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The mission will study all aspects of Mercury, from the structure and dynamics of its magnetosphere and how it interacts with the solar wind, to its internal structure with its large iron core, and the origin of the planet's magnetic field.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHHfUnmkXi4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHHfUnmkXi4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHHfUnmkXi4) (3:14)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 12:50:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 8 окт. (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1049314799870464000)

Our ride is here! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f929.png) I'll be sitting up top inside the rocket fairing (not yet attached!), together with @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) ((https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png)http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_launcher3 ... (https://t.co/sUUu3xW3EC) Credit: ESA-H.Ritter)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Do_qPyaW0AIwPvt.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 13:08:43
http://www.esa.int/For_Media/Press_Releases/Call_for_Media_BepiColombo_launch_to_Mercury
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/Press_plain_en.gif)

ESA (http://www.esa.int/)

Back to Index (http://www.esa.int/For_Media/Press_Releases/(lang)/en)

French  (http://www.esa.int/fre/For_Media/Press_Releases/Appel_aux_medias_Lancement_de_BepiColombo_vers_Mercure) |    German (http://www.esa.int/ger/For_Media/Press_Releases/Einladung_von_Medienvertretern_zum_Start_der_Mission_BepiColombo_zum_Merkur)

N° 24-2018: CALL FOR MEDIA: BEPICOLOMBO LAUNCH TO MERCURY

8 October 2018

The BepiColombo mission to Mercury is scheduled to launch aboard an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana at 01:45 GMT (03:45 CEST) on 20 October 2018. Representatives of traditional and social media are invited to apply for accreditation to follow the launch live from ESA's mission control centre in Darmstadt, Germany.

BepiColombo is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA. It is the first European mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored planet in the inner Solar System, and the first to send two spacecraft to make complementary measurements of the planet's dynamic environment at the same time.
It will build on the discoveries and questions raised by NASA's Messenger mission, which orbited the planet between 2011 and 2015, to provide the best understanding of the Solar System's innermost planet to date. BepiColombo will provide information about solar system evolution in general - not just about our own, but regarding how planets orbiting close to their stars in exoplanet systems form and evolve, too.

The mission comprises two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO, or 'Bepi') and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO, or 'Mio'). The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a combination of solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys. In an ambitious seven-year flight, the mission will make one flyby of Earth, two at Venus, and six at Mercury, before entering orbit.

A big challenge for the mission is the Sun's enormous gravity, which makes it difficult to place a spacecraft into a stable orbit around Mercury - even more energy is needed than when sending a mission to Pluto. After launch, and having escaped the 'gravity well' of Earth, BepiColombo must constantly brake against the gravitational pull of the Sun. Ion thrusters on the MTM will provide the needed low thrust over long durations of the cruise phase, and employs technology demonstrated previously in ESA's GOCE mission to study Earth's gravity and in the SMART-1 mission to the Moon.

The high solar intensity experienced during the journey and later during operations at Mercury also demanded new technologies to be developed - such as high-temperature coatings and multi-layered insulation, a radiator for the MPO, and a novel spin-technique for Mio - to avoid overheating. During the cruise phase, however, Mio will not be spinning, so it is protected by a sunshield.

The orbiters will be able to operate some of their instruments during the cruise phase, affording unique opportunities to collect scientifically valuable data at Venus, for example. While it will not be possible to use the scientific camera on the journey, three monitoring cameras fixed to the MTM will provide visual confirmation of the successful deployments of the solar arrays and antennas following launch, as well as snapshots during the planetary flybys.

Experts will present the mission, its challenges and scientific goals during a dedicated programme for media at ESOC, which will include viewing the webcast from the launch site in Kourou.
Provisional schedule at ESA's ESOC mission control centre, 20 October

(all times in local CEST)

02:30 Doors open

03:00 Programme begins

Scientists and mission operations experts present the mission, with live transmissions from Kourou including the moment of launch at 03:45 CEST. This will be followed by the announcement of acquisition of signal from the Main Control Room, expected around 40 minutes after launch.

04:30 Q&A and individual interview opportunities

05:00 End of event - media invited to join team breakfast with representatives of ESA, industry and the scientific community.
 

How to apply
Media with valid press credentials should register by Wednesday, 17 October at: https://se.myconvento.com/public/event_register/do_register/2493973

Social media should apply by Friday 12 October at the same link as above.

Note that there is no dedicated social media event; those attending with social media accreditation will have the same access to the event as traditional/online news media.Social media participants should check

http://www.esa.int/ESA/Connect_with_us/Application_for_ESA_Social_Media_Credentialthat they meet the eligibility criteria before applying.

There are a limited number of places for social media participants; successful applicants will be informed by Monday, 15 October.
 

How to get to ESOC: http://www.esa.int/esocmap
Follow online

Webstreaming
ESA Web TV will cover the launch live from 03:15 CEST at esa.int/live (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Watch_BepiColombo_launch)

Social media
For live updates throughout the launch period, follow @BepiColombo, @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) and @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) on Twitter. The three spacecraft modules also have personalised accounts (@JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO), @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)); follow for extra content and a unique take on the mission.

Note that images from the MTM's monitoring camera, showing deployment of the MTM's and MPO's solar arrays, and of the MPO's antennas and booms, will only be taken approximately 12 hours and 1.5 days after launch, respectively. They will be shared on esa.int/bepicolombo and from the @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) account on Twitter in the first instance, once available.

The official hashtag is #bepicolombo
 

Images and animations
All BepiColombo related multimedia is available via esa.int/bepicolombo (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo) 
ESA's Photo Library for Professionals: http://www.esa-photolibrary.com (http://www.esa-photolibrary.com/)
ESA's Video Library for Professionals: http://www.esa.int/esatv/Videos_for_Professionals

Background information and news
For background information and the latest news, see: esa.int/bepicolombo (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo)

A media kit will also be published via the above URL.
...
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 13:28:46
https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_launch_media_kit
Цитата(https://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/)

BEPICOLOMBO LAUNCH MEDIA KIT

Download this media kit to learn more about the launch of BepiColombo on 20 October 2018, the spacecraft's seven year journey to Mercury, and the science goals of the mission.
(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/media_kit_cover_page/17769639-1-eng-GB/Media_Kit_cover_page.jpg) (http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/science/bepicolombo-mediakit_2018-10-09.pdf)
Click to download mediakit (PDF, 12 MB) (http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/science/bepicolombo-mediakit_2018-10-09.pdf)

This is an interactive media kit. Navigate between pages from the contents page or with the arrows at the bottom of each page. Explore scientific and technological themes of the BepiColombo mission through the series of infographics, which can also be downloaded separately from the image gallery.

Roll over the graphic elements to discover hyperlinks to more information on related webpages. Links to recommended images, videos and animations are provided towards the end of this media kit. An internet connection is required to access the external webpages.

Follow the launch live from 03:15 CEST on 20 October at esa.int/live (https://www.esa.int/live)
bepicolombo-mediakit_2018-10-09.pdf (http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/science/bepicolombo-mediakit_2018-10-09.pdf) - 12.4 MB, 22 стр, 2018-10-10 09:31:59 UTC
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 13:34:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 19 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1049676706611646465)

Get ready for our launch to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) with this super new set of infographics all about our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) mission! https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_launch_media_kit ... (https://t.co/Uw7R7h3LLi)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpEzZepW0AA2vDq.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 13:43:23
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1049924669971845121)

Finishing touches for the launcher fairing: application of @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) and @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) logos and official #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) mission logo! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/7dXZ30maC6R  (https://t.co/msp1bnDpN0)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpIU6OzXoAEvKeQ.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpIU6xEXUAE0gk1.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1049923739197067264)

Wow, look what the mission team got for us to stick on our rocket @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO)  & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM): giant #SPACESTICKERS (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SPACESTICKERS?src=hash)!!! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f603.png) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/Finishing_touches ... (https://t.co/b2WwFmsyk9)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpIUEkIWwAAkxWW.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.10.2018 13:44:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1049942336204152832)

.@BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)will take 7.2 years to arrive at #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f315.png), but first it must escape Earth(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)with the help of an Ariane 5 #rocket (https://twitter.com/hashtag/rocket?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png). Just 2 mins later, the first of a sequence of separations begins, ending with spacecraft separation itself #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_launch_and_separation_timeline ... (https://t.co/VJLQJyLkgs)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpIitGpXcAEfQ1o.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 17:18:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 1 дн. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1050370081287491584)

Our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) spacecraft stack meets its launcher! #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/bMV430mbTHp  (https://t.co/PFfO3NxfSi)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpOqAXSXoAAJhJT.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpOqAs3XcAAATo5.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpOqBDxXgAIz1i_.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 1 дн. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1050371555841253376)

Mio, you cannot bring that umbrella into the rocket! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f9d0.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2602.png) Where is your sunshield?!
@JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpOrXGOXoAAT8hU.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 17:24:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 11 окт. (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1050373137198698497)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2796.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/39-20e3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f5d3.png)
#VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpOsy4VXUAA6OlW.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 17:55:20
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/supporting-science-bepicolombo-is-integrated-atop-the-ariane-5-launcher-for-its-mission-to-mercury/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 12, 2018
Supporting science: BepiColombo is integrated atop the Ariane 5 launcher for its mission to Mercury

The Ariane 5 that will send Europe's historic first mission to Mercury - named BepiColombo in honor of the Italian mathematician and engineer - is now complete, marking an important milestone as preparations move ahead for the planned October 19 liftoff from French Guiana

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/10-12-2018-VA245-sm.jpg) (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/10-12-2018-VA245-lg.jpg)
After being positioned atop Ariane 5's core cryogenic stage, BepiColombo is ready to be encapsulated in the heavy-lift vehicle's protective payload fairing.

Performed at the Spaceport's Final Assembly Building, Ariane 5's build-up process concluded with the lowering of its ogive-shaped payload fairing over the multi-segment BepiColombo spacecraft - which had been positioned atop the launcher's core section.
BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Its Mercury Composite Spacecraft (MCS) consists of two orbiters: the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO); as well as two additional elements: the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), and the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF).

The BepiColombo spacecraft was built under the industrial leadership of Airbus, which heads a consortium of 83 companies from 16 countries.
The path to Mercury
Utilizing the Ariane 5 ECA version, this mission has a precise moment of liftoff: October 19 at 10:45:28 p.m. local time in French Guiana, from the Spaceport's ELA-3 launch complex. The heavy-lift workhorse will inject its BepiColombo payload into an Earth escape orbit during a mission lasting nearly 27 minutes from liftoff to final separation.

After launch by Ariane 5, BepiColombo will arrive at Mercury in late 2025. During its one-year nominal mission (with a possible 1-year extension), the MPO and MMO will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind.

Next week's launch - designated Flight VA245 - will be the 23rd major scientific mission performed by an Arianespace family vehicle to date. It also underscores the company's primary objective to guarantee Europe's independent and reliable access to space.
Liftoff time for Flight VA245:

[TH]
French Guiana
[/TH][TH]
UTC
[/TH][TH]
Washington, D.C.
[/TH][TH]
Tokyo
[/TH][TH]
Paris
[/TH][/TR][TR][TD]
10:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
01:45:28 on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
09:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
10:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
03:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][/TR][/TABLE]

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: hlynin от 12.10.2018 18:40:26
-- ESA, "БепиКоломбо". Медиа-кит перед запуском (ESA, BepiColombo. Launch Media Kit) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/esa/2018/ESA_BepiColombo_Media_Kit_(2018-10-09).pdf) 09.10.2018 в pdf - 12,2 Мб
 «BepiColombo - совместная миссия ESA-JAXA к Меркурию - планируется запустить РН Ariane 5 с космодрома в Куру, Французская Гвиана, в 01:45 по Гринвичу 20 октября 2018 года. BepiColombo - первая европейская миссия к Меркурию, самой маленькой и наименее исследованной планеты во внутренней Солнечной Системе. Это первая миссия к Меркурию, направленная на отправку двух космических аппаратов для одновременного проведения дополнительных измерений динамической среды планеты. (...) Миссия состоит из двух научных орбитальных КА: орбитального устройства (MPO), а также магнитосферного орбитального аппарата JAXA (MMO). ESA создало и трансферный модуль (MTM).
 Путь к Меркурию будет включать комбинацию ЭРДУ и гравитационных маневров. В течение семи лет миссия совершит один пролет Земли, два - Венеры и шесть - Меркурия. Орбитатеры смогут управлять некоторыми из своих инструментов во время фазы перелёта, доставляя уникальные возможности для сбора научных данных о Венере, например». - В файле для СМИ содержится информация о предстоящем запуске, обзоре миссии и ее научных целей, научные инструменты и фото. Гиперссылки ведут к дальнейшей информации в Интернете.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 18:55:47
Arianespace открыла страницу миссии - http://www.arianespace.com/mission/ariane-flight-va245/
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:04:14
Arianespace опубликовала брошюру миссии

VA245-launchkit-EN.pdf (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/VA245-launchkit-EN.pdf) - 1.6 MB, 10 стр, 2018-10-11 13:08:47 UTC

VA245-launchkit-FR.pdf (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/VA245-launchkit-FR.pdf) - 1.6 MB, 10 стр, 2018-10-11 13:09:00 UTC

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88900)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:08:21
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88901)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:13:36
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88902)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88903)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:15:40
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88904)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:22:54
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88905)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:40:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88906)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 19:44:46
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88908)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 20:15:24
ГКЦ выпустил буклет миссии (на фр. и англ. яз.)

depliant_VA245_csg_final.pdf (http://www.cnes-csg.fr/automne_modules_files/standard/public/p10805_13a14194583befb0e0de112fe3762cb2depliant_VA245_csg_final.pdf) - 0.4 MB, 2 стр, 2018-10-10 23:18:04 UTC

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88910)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/88909)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 20:49:46
ГКЦ выпустил постер (https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/43024842_2037350752969929_1429086815112921088_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&oh=7a919ceb4713410d9e1d6e424c5d3da6&oe=5C475D0C) миссии

(https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/43024842_2037350752969929_1429086815112921088_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&oh=7a919ceb4713410d9e1d6e424c5d3da6&oe=5C475D0C)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 20:54:18
ЦитатаCOMING SOON | Arianespace Flight VA245 - BepiColombo

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 11 окт. 2018 г.

For its seventh launch of the year, Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center (CSG) to send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0D1Vz28EsTwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0D1Vz28EsTw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0D1Vz28EsTw) (0:20)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 21:00:35
http://www.arianespace.com/press-release/flight-va245-arianespace-to-deliver-bepicolombo-europes-first-mission-to-mercury-for-esa-and-jaxa/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/press-releases/?taxonomy%5Bpress-release-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 12, 2018
Flight VA245: Arianespace to deliver BepiColombo, Europe's first mission to Mercury, for ESA and JAXA

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/VA245-details/3338452250.png)

For its seventh launch of the year, Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center (CSG) to send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.

The BepiColombo mission will be carried out jointly by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

After launching the successful Rosetta mission in 2004, Arianespace once again helps unlock mysteries of deep space.

Flight VA245 will be performed from Ariane Launch Complex No. 3 (ELA 3) in Kourou, French Guiana.

The Launch Readiness Review (LRR) will take place on Wednesday, October 17, 2018 in Kourou to authorize the start of operations for the final countdown.
Carried out jointly between ESA and JAXA, BepiColombo is an interdisciplinary mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored planet in our solar system.

Named after the Italian mathematician and engineer Giuseppe (Bepi) Colombo, the mission comprises dual science orbiters: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), developed by ESA to map the planet by focusing on its surface and interior; and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) - developed and built by JAXA to investigate its magnetosphere by exploring the environment.

The Mercury Composite Spacecraft (MCS) consists of the MTM, MPO, MMO, and MOSIF. The Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the two orbiters (MPO and MMO) to their destination whereas the MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF) will provide thermal protection for the MMO.

The purpose of Flight VA245 is to inject BepiColombo into an Earth escape trajectory, allowing its European and Japanese probes to reach Mercury after a seven-year voyage through space, arriving in late 2025.

BepiColombo will then conduct a one-year nominal mission, with a possible one-year extension.

BepiColombo will be the 51st mission to be performed by Arianespace (with the 73rd satellite) for the European Space Agency, and the 23rd mission at the service of deep space exploration.

By launching BepiColombo on behalf of ESA, Arianespace thus continues to guarantee Europe's independent and reliable access to space, furthering the knowledge of our universe and for a better life on Earth through European initiatives.

BepiColombo was built under the industrial leadership of Airbus Defence and Space at its Friedrichshafen space installation complex, in Germany.

BepiColombo will be the 121st Airbus Defence and Space spacecraft to be lofted by Arianespace, whose backlog currently comprises 22 additional satellites to launch for the global manufacturer.
    [/li]
  • For further information, download the Flight VA245 Launch Kit by clicking here:
    http://www.arianespace.com/press-kits/

  • To watch a live, high-speed online transmission of the launch (including commentary in French and English from the launch site), go to arianespace.com (http://arianespace.com/) or to youtube.com/arianespace (http://www.youtube.com/arianespace) on October 19, 2018, beginning 40 minutes before liftoff.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.10.2018 21:56:24
ЦитатаThe epic adventures of BepiColombo | Part 1: to the launch pad!

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A) 

Опубликовано: 12 окт. 2018 г.

Meet Bepi, Mio and MTM, three new space explorers about to start an extraordinary journey to Mercury, a planet of extremes and mysteries.

Find out how these bold spacecraft have been preparing for their epic adventure, from space school to flyby practice. Watch as their training covers not only planetary science and space education, but also cultural aspects of their places of origin: Bepi and MTM were born in Europe, while Mio comes from Japan. 

Follow Bepi, Mio and MTM as they become fascinated by their destination thanks to the curious discoveries made by their cousin Messenger. Learn about the science questions that Bepi and Mio will investigate, from Mercury's geology and surface composition to the magnetic field and its interaction with the solar wind. 

Finally, walk with them to the launch pad and wish them a great start to a memorable adventure.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKEcanjC0eMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKEcanjC0eM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKEcanjC0eM) (5:55)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: hlynin от 13.10.2018 12:47:16
-- JAXA. Миссия к Меркурию. BepiColombo. MIO - Магнитосферный орбитер Меркурия (JAXA, Mission to Mercury. BepiColombo. MIO - Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/jaxa/2018/JAXA_MIO_Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter_2018.pdf) август 2018 г. в pdf - 979 кб
 «BepiColombo - это международный план по исследованию Меркурия, который ведется в сотрудничестве между Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA) и Европейским космическим агентством (ESA). Задача этой крупномасштабной международной совместной миссии состоит в том, чтобы одновременно отправить два космических аппарата на орбиту Меркурия - MPO (планетарный орбитальный аппарат Меркурия) аппарат ESA и MIO (ранее называвшийся MMO, орбитер Меркурия), которым управляет JAXA, и провести всестороннее исследование Меркурия. (...) Чтобы узнать, что происходит внутри Меркурий, важно точно измерить магнитное поле планеты. Между тем, суровые солнечные ветры вокруг Меркурия вызывают возмущения в электромагнитном поле и мешают измерению магнитного поля. Комбинация MPO и MIO позволит нам отличать собственное магнитное поле Меркурия от солнечного ветра. Таким образом, мы можем получить более точную информацию о внутренней части Меркурия ». - Обзор миссии, ее научных целей и инструментов.
 -- Арианспейс. Ариан-5. VA245 БепиКоломбо (Arianespace, Ariane 5. VA245 BepiColombo) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/Arianespace/2018/Arianespace_VA245_Launch_Kit_2018.pdf) октябрь 2018 г. в pdf - 1,48 Мб
 «Для своего седьмого запуска года Arianespace будет использовать Ariane 5 с Космического центра Гвианы (CSG), чтобы отправить космический аппарат BepiColombo в путь к самой маленькой и наименее изученной земной планете Солнечной системы: Меркурию». - Пресс-кит с описанием миссии, описанием ракеты-носителя Ariane 5, информацией о последовательности обратного отсчета и запуска.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.10.2018 18:35:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1051041781264068610)

Going, going, gone! The fairing of the #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) launcher is lowered over the #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) spacecraft stack. Next stop, #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash)! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/YOEA30mdvm1  (https://t.co/4tKHZamkFX)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpYM7fEXoAAez5M.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpYM7fBWwAE8mcU.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpYM7ezWsAAkTLV.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpYM7f7W4AAr2-2.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: hlynin от 14.10.2018 13:42:07
-- Адам Хадхази, Направление: Меркурий (Adam Hadhazy, Destination: Mercury) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/aerospace-america/2018/8/Hadhazy_Destination_Mercury_Aerospace_America_56_no_08_2018.pdf) «Aerospace America», том 56, №8, 2018 г., стр. 36-41 в pdf - 920 кб
 «Для миссии BepiColombo эти температуры [высокие] представляют собой сложнейшую проблему для обеспечения высококачественных результатов в области науки. «Термическое покрытие было самым большим препятствием», - говорит Масаки Фуджимото, ученый проекта JAXA BepiColombo. У Меркурия КА плучает более чем в 10 раз больше солнечного облучения, чем которое мы получаем на Земле, это приводит к максимальной температуре на поверхности Меркурия около 450 градусов по Цельсию (850 градусов по Фаренгейту). Как говорит руководитель проекта ESA BepiColombo Ульрих Рейнингхаус «это температура, достигнутая в лучших дровянных неаполитанских пиццериях». Чтобы справиться с этими температурами пиццерии, необходимы нововведения для MPO, (орбитального аппарат Меркурия) - большего из двух орбитеров BepiColombo, весом в 1150 килограммов. Для начала, чтобы избежать повышения температуры и теплового повреждения, солнечные батареи MPO будут постоянно поворачиваться, ловя солнце под низким углом, лишь бы хватало для выработки энергии. Что касается изоляции космических аппаратов, инженеры Airbus - основного подрядчика BepiColombo - поняли, что для этой роли не хватит обычных полимеров, поэтому они разработали новое, 50-слойное одеяло из керамических тканей и алюминиевых листов. Эти одеяла обертывают вокруг всех поверхностей MPO, за исключением радиатора шириной 3,7 м, который всегда обращен к солнцу от Солнца. Рейнингхаус объясняет, что все внутренние тепловыделения, а также внешнее тепло, которое будет неизбежно просачивается через изоляцию, передается на этот радиатор тепловыми трубами для последующего испускания в космос. Кроме того, титановые листы на поверхности радиатора отразят интенсивное тепло, исходящее от Меркурия. (...) Чтобы выжить в меркурианских условиях, MMO [Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, теперь переименованный в MIO] опирается на иные стратегии, чем его партнер, MPO. Для распределения тепла, MMO вращается, 15 оборотов в минуту. Его восьмиугольное тело имеет отполированную зеркальную поверхность, чтобы отражать избыток солнечного света, который не нужен солнечным элементам ММО для преобразования в электричество». В статье также объясняются основные задачи миссии BepiColombo.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 14.10.2018 15:33:15
Цитатаhlynin пишет:
за исключением радиатора шириной 3,7 м, который всегда обращен к солнцу.
Строго наоборот.
Добавлю, что допуск по управлению углом СБ - удиницы градусов. Туда-сюда больше и капут быстрый, либо от перегрева, либо от обесточивания аппарата.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: hlynin от 14.10.2018 15:46:16
ЦитатаPIN пишет:
Строго наоборот.
Добавлю, что допуск по управлению углом СБ - удиницы градусов. Туда-сюда больше и капут быстрый, либо от перегрева, либо от обесточивания аппарата.
Естественно. Да, я тоже поудивлялся такому. Но времени нет почитать оригинал. Так прислали или я так перевёл. Уточню вечером.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 14.10.2018 15:59:45
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/Practising_for_BepiColombo_s_epic_escape_to_Mercury
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_at_mercury/17405219-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_at_Mercury_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_at_Mercury)
BepiColombo at Mercury

PRACTISING FOR BEPICOLOMBO'S EPIC ESCAPE TO MERCURY

12 October 2018
The international BepiColombo spacecraft will soon take flight, on a complex journey to the innermost planet of the Solar System, Mercury. Encompassing nine planetary flybys and travelling a total distance of nine billion km over a period of seven years, this will be one of the most intricate journeys ever flown by mission teams at ESA's ESOC mission control centre.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/07/sim_training/17580828-3-eng-GB/Sim_training_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/07/Sim_training)
BepiColombo teams in training for voyage to Mercury

With launch set for 20 October, flight controllers led by Operations Manager Elsa Montagnon are now busily preparing for the start of what will be Europe's first mission to Mercury -- the smallest and least explored terrestrial planet of the Solar System.

"Mission teams have spent months simulating BepiColombo's unique and complex journey," explains Elsa.

"Taking turns, in 12-hour shifts, we have been practising the spacecraft's various launch and early mission processes and manoeuvres in real-time so we are prepared for every possible eventuality."
BepiColombo is a joint mission between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The mission comprises two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO).

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_exploded_view/16896698-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_exploded_view_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_exploded_view)
BepiColombo exploded view

The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a combination of solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys.

After its arrival at the planet of extremes (https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Meet_Mercury) in 2025, it will spend at least a year in orbit gathering data on Mercury's composition, density, magnetic field and exosphere, as well as probing the planet's interaction with solar wind.

Before the science begins, however, the multi-module spacecraft has to safely escape Earth, switch on, and receive instructions fr om mission control on wh ere to go next.
A rocky road
Europe's space scientists have identified BepiColombo as one of the most challenging long-term planetary projects ever flown, as Mercury's proximity to the Sun makes it difficult for spacecraft to reach without being pulled into the star's enormous gravity.

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4)
Animation visualising BepiColombo's journey to Mercury
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2017/07/Animation_visualising_BepiColombo_s_journey_to_Mercury)


"To get to Mercury without being subsumed by our giant star, the spacecraft will make a series of nine planetary flybys; circling Earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury itself six times," explains Andrea Accomazzo, Flight Director for BepiColombo.

"Unlike missions that take spacecraft to the outer regions of the Solar System, the Mercury Transfer Module will use the gravity of these inner planets, in combination with the thrust provided by electric propulsion, to slow the spacecraft down."

The Sun's huge gravity field acts as an enormous gravity 'well'. Getting a spacecraft to Mercury, and therefore close to the Sun, means dropping it into this steep well - the difficulty comes in ensuring the spacecraft ends up at Mercury and not at our gigantic star.

"The closer we get to the Sun the more we are constricted in our path," explains Frank Budnik from the Flight Dynamics team.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_cruise_configuration2/17404704-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_cruise_configuration_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_cruise_configuration2)
BepiColombo cruise configuration

"For example, BepiColombo's large solar arrays need to be tilted at just the right angle to get enough sunlight to power the high-energy demand of the propulsion system and keeping the spacecraft running. At the same time, they mustn't get too much sunlight, or they could be beyond their limits."

"There is only a small corridor in which the solar arrays can be operated to fulfil both of these constraints."

BepiColombo will launch at 01:45 GMT (03:45 CEST) on 20 October, on board an Ariane 5 rocket. After the spacecraft separates from the rocket's 'upper stage', teams at ESOC will take control, sending commands to the spacecraft to get it into normal operational mode -- a process that is expected to take about four days.

This period, dubbed the 'Launch and Early Orbit Phase' (LEOP), sees the control systems and instruments switched on, and their health and proper functioning assessed.

This is a risky time when the satellite is unusually vulnerable -- not yet fully functional but still exposed to the hazards of space.
Simulating the scene
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/06/bepicolombo_simulation2/17564423-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_Simulation_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/06/BepiColombo_Simulation2)
BepiColombo Simulation, ESA-ESOC

In preparation for this vital period, mission control teams have spent months simulating every expected scenario -- the perfect LEOP, launch and separation of the satellite from the launcher, as well as a whole host of scenarios in which something goes wrong.

Establishing contact between the spacecraft and mission controllers has also been rehearsed.

Deep space ground stations across three continents will support this mission, with ESA's global antenna network maintaining links to and from BepiColombo throughout the journey.

"BepiColombo is one of the world's most ambitious interplanetary missions, and it could not be in safer hands," says Rolf Densing, Director of Operations at ESOC.

"With decades of collective experience and hundreds of hours of simulation practice, teams at ESA's mission control are ready to set out for the rocky planet."
Go to esa.int/live (http://esa.int/live) to watch the launch live from 03:15 CEST.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: кукушка от 14.10.2018 22:42:43
Мультик) :)  
Великое приключение BepiColombo, эпизод #1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VaflBotKrg
[VIDEO WIDTH=400 HEIGHT=300]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VaflBotKrg[/VIDEO]
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 15.10.2018 09:56:35
Цитатаtnt22 пишет:
Simulating the scene
О, моё фото без указания авторства. Поправим.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2018 20:07:41
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 9 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1051751050141736960)

Did you know @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) has not one, not two, but THREE selfie cams onboard?! Here's an example photo, taken last month. Can you guess what it is? (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f916.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png)
#SpaceSelfie (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SpaceSelfie?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)


8 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1051753858052096000)

Once in #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash), and we've done the important stuff like deploying our solar arrays and antennas, we'll be allowed to test the #selfie (https://twitter.com/hashtag/selfie?src=hash) cams (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f605.png) Here's some ideas of what @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) might be able to 'see' (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b07.png)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979325397530742784/bSQR9VPr_bigger.jpg)MTM‏ @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) 8 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM/status/1051753283860254720)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/31-20e3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/32-20e3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b06.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e2.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/33-20e3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b06.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)
#SpaceSelfie (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SpaceSelfie?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png)http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_monitoring_cameras ... (https://t.co/xbwZeGRICR)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpiUB65W4AET1Cs.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.10.2018 12:06:37
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 39 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1052113523046801408)

Some lovely photos of teams at the #Spaceport (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Spaceport?src=hash) in Kourou signing the #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) fairing stickers. #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png)http://ow.ly/etdc30mfsPN  (https://t.co/FwxQnLtbJ0)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpnbqWLWwAATSsd.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpnbqqWXUAATZcq.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpnbq_VXgAALHo5.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.10.2018 12:44:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1052116071883390977)

Oh and for the serial number lovers (Hi @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) ) Ariane 5 ECA #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) has launcher serial L5105
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.10.2018 15:33:49
Трансляция пуска (JAXA)

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/528003479420153857/4EtZezKl_bigger.png)JAXAウェブ‏Подлинная учетная запись @JAXA_jp (https://twitter.com/JAXA_jp) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_jp/status/1052075685605306368)

国際水星探査計画BepiColombo/アリアン5型ロケット 打上げライブ中継(10月20日放送予定)

http://dlvr.it/QnSvmT  (https://t.co/gNtuCPp17P)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpm5QnoV4AAqq2Q.jpg)
адрес трансляции - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQvLRITSFs4
дата трансляции - 20.10.2018
время трансляции - 10:00~12:00 (JST) --> 01:00 - 03:00 (UTC)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.10.2018 23:57:34
NOTAMs и NOTMAR

Зона А
ЦитатаNAVAREA IV 862/2018 (24)

WESTERN NORTH ATLANTIC.
FRENCH GUIANA.
1. HAZARDOUS OPERATIONS, ROCKET LAUNCHING
   0130Z TO 0216Z DAILY 20 OCT THRU 19 NOV
   IN AREA BOUND BY
   05-18.00N 52-47.40W, 05-22.35N 52-33.83W,
   05-11.16N 52-24.63W, 05-09.00N 52-36.00W.
2. CANCEL THIS MSG 190316Z NOV 18.

( 150918Z OCT 2018 )


SOOO

A0286/18 - DANGEROUS AREA SOD3 ACTIVATED. SFC - 999, DAILY 0042-0216, 20 OCT 00:42 2018
UNTIL 30 OCT 02:16 2018. CREATED: 05 OCT 12:53 2018
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89036)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 00:00:21
Зона B
ЦитатаSOOO
 
A0287/18 - TEMPORARY DANGEROUS AREA ACTIVATED DUE TO ROCKET LAUNCHING
ARIANE ZA/V243.
LATERAL LIMITS AS FOLLOWS QUADRILATERAL:0527N04802W 0527N04707W
0455N04708W 0456N04802W. AMSL - UNL, DAILY 0042-0216, 20 OCT 00:42 2018 UNTIL
30 OCT 02:16 2018. CREATED: 05 OCT 13:00 2018
 
SBAO
 
N0040/18 - TEMPORARY RESTRICTED AREA (ARIANE 5ZA (VA 245) ROCKET STAGE FALL)
 0500N/04802W, 0500N/04800W, 0500N/04708W, 0455N/04708W, 0456N/04802W
, 0500N/04802W ON THE LIMITS OF NATIONAL TERRITORY RADIUS 027NM ACT. MSL - UNL,
20 OCT 00:42 2018 UNTIL 30 OCT 02:16 2018. CREATED: 15 OCT 17:42 2018
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89037)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 00:01:35
Зона C
ЦитатаSOOO
 
A0288/18 - TEMPORARY DANGEROUS AREA ACTIVATED DUE TO ROCKET LAUNCHING
ARIANE ZB/VA243.
LATERAL LIMITS AS FOLLOWS QUADRILATERAL:0517N04657W 0514N04516W
0458N04516W 0500N04658W. AMSL - UNL, DAILY 0042-0216, 20 OCT 00:42 2018 UNTIL
30 OCT 02:16 2018. CREATED: 05 OCT 13:07 2018
 
SBAO
 
N0041/18 - TEMPORARY RESTRICTED 
AREA (ARIANE 5ZB (VB 245) ROCKET STAGE FALL) 0500N04658W, 0500N04516W
, 0458N04516W, 0500N04658W, ON THE LIMITS OF NATIONAL TERRITORY RADIU
S 051NM ACT. MSL - UNL, 20 OCT 00:42 2018 UNTIL 30 OCT 02:16 2018. CREATED:
15 OCT 18:00 2018
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89038)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 00:02:47
Зона D
ЦитатаGOOO
 
A1598/18 -
EXISTENCE OF DANGEROUS ZONE DUE TO ROCKET LAUNCHING VA245 DELIMITED
AS FOLLOW:
ZC/VA245: 0404N02229W - 0230N00739W -0042N00750W  - 0216N02240W. SFC - UNL,
DLY:0140/0300, 20 OCT 01:40 2018 UNTIL 30 OCT 03:00 2018. CREATED: 09 OCT 08:08
2018
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89039)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 01:09:25
ЦитатаArianespace Flight VA245 - Ariane 5 BepiColombo launch presentation

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 16 окт. 2018 г.

For its seventh launch of the year, Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center (CSG) to send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.

The BepiColombo mission will be carried out jointly by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmbez_rtULAhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmbez_rtULA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmbez_rtULA) (2:08)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 01:12:37
ЦитатаPlanet Mercury

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 16 окт. 2018 г.

Mercury, the least explored planet of the inner Solar System, is the target of BepiColombo, the ESA/JAXA mission that is going to reveal the secrets of the smallest of the rocky planets.

Watch the launch of #BepiColombo (https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=%23BepiColombo) live on 20 October 2018 at 3:45 CEST: http://www.esa.int/live (https://www.youtube.com/redirect?redir_token=i5M-GOcy3uaBypzzy1zda5STodB8MTUzOTgxMzczM0AxNTM5NzI3MzMz&event=video_description&v=PGIZC5hEpUQ&q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.esa.int%2Flive)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGIZC5hEpUQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGIZC5hEpUQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGIZC5hEpUQ) (3:13)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 17:41:45
ЦитатаBepiColombo stacked for launch

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 17 окт. 2018 г.

This video footage from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou showing the three BepiColombo spacecraft modules being 'stacked' in launch configuration.

BepiColombo is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA. The mission comprises two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a combination of solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys. It is the first European mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored planet in the inner Solar System, and the first to send two spacecraft to make complementary measurements of the planet and its dynamic environment at the same time.

The mission is scheduled to launch on 20 October 2018 at 01:45 GMT.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DK1QkP994O4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DK1QkP994O4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DK1QkP994O4) (1:47)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 17:54:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1052555808838279168)

Final view of @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) before encapsulation inside the BAF image via ESA - @Manuzetapress (https://twitter.com/Manuzetapress)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpttpK6WwAEA0v9.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 22:12:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1047120912036839426/LbG_SMQ3_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/1052636016304185344)

Flight #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) is a go! Today's readiness review has cleared #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) for liftoff - which is scheduled to occur October 19 at precisely 10:45 PM local time in French Guiana.
@BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) @airbusSpace (https://twitter.com/AirbusSpace)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 12:58:36
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/ariane-5-has-the-green-light-for-arianespaces-launch-with-the-bepicolombo-space-probe-to-explore-mercury/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 17, 2018
Ariane 5 has the "green light" for Arianespace's launch with the BepiColombo space probe to explore Mercury

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/VA245-poster/1951332558.jpg)

This week's Ariane 5 flight that will send BepiColombo on its way to the planet Mercury has been approved for liftoff on October 19, following the launch readiness review held today at Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.

Performed prior to each Arianespace flight, the launch readiness review validated the "go" status of the Ariane 5 ECA launcher version, the multi-segment BepiColombo spacecraft, as well as the Spaceport's launch site infrastructure and the network of tracking stations.

With approval granted, Ariane 5 is cleared for rollout tomorrow from the Final Assembly Building to the ELA-3 launch zone. Designated Flight VA245 in Arianespace's numbering system, the launch will deploy its BepiColombo passenger during a 26-minute sequence - with liftoff set for a precise moment on October 19: 10:45:28, local time in French Guiana.

Mission to Mercury
BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Its Mercury Composite Spacecraft (MCS) consists of two orbiters: the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO); as well as two additional elements: the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), and the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF). BepiColombo was built under the industrial leadership of Airbus, which heads a consortium of 83 companies from 16 countries.

After launch by Ariane 5, BepiColombo will arrive at Mercury in late 2025. During its one-year nominal mission (with a possible 1-year extension), the MPO and MMO will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind. Goals of the mission also include investigating Mercury's surface features and chemistry.

Liftoff time for Flight VA245:

[TH]
French Guiana
[/TH][TH]
UTC
[/TH][TH]
Washington, D.C.
[/TH][TH]
Tokyo
[/TH][TH]
Paris
[/TH][/TR][TR][TD]
10:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
01:45:28 on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
09:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
10:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
03:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][/TR][/TABLE]
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 13:02:20
ЦитатаArianespace Flight VA245 - Payload - BepiColombo - ESA

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 17 окт. 2018 г.

For its seventh launch of the year, Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center (CSG) to send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MigXnBcu4IIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MigXnBcu4II (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MigXnBcu4II) (3:23)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 13:30:59
ЦитатаArianespace Flight VA245 - BepiColombo -Launch Campaign

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 18 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1zUDGwQ4nMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1zUDGwQ4nM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1zUDGwQ4nM) (2:28)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 13:54:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1052813142856732672)

One final view of the @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) stack...
#Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #CSG (https://twitter.com/hashtag/CSG?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #ESA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpxX2UhWkAANnCH.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 14:48:42
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg)みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1052825564136914944)

そしてこれが、#Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) ロケットのフェアリングを閉じる前の最後の記念写真。 たくさん綺麗にしてもらったから、キラキラしてるでしょ? この姿を忘れないでね!
Last shots of me before closing the fairing. Don't forget my shining body!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpxhvjwX4AA9bjI.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpxhyVrW0AA6Q5V.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpxh569W0AMW3l1.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 15:32:40
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 14 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1052896364051484672)

Happening now - #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) pre-launch briefing. #Flight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Flight?src=hash) director Andrea Accomazzo explains "if for any reason launch is delayed, we know we cannot delay liftoff to 6 November, as the chances of hitting the #Moon (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Moon?src=hash) are just too great" (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f319.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpyjp06XoAAxqGn.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 15:38:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 11 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1052897751661469696)

Daniel Firre, @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s Ground Operations Manager - "the #ESTRACK (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTRACK?src=hash) network of ground stations are GREEN for launch"

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2714.png) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)

#WeFly (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeFly?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpyk6QXXUAAU2QI.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpyk7GgXoAE2ncy.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 16:17:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/870784864542494720/Gq6rGe7i_bigger.jpg)philippe willekens‏ @philippewilleke (https://twitter.com/philippewilleke) 54 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/philippewilleke/status/1052897651765723137)

« Unbelievable moment » said U. Reininghaus from @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) and H. Hayakawa from @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) both project managers for @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) when door was opening unveiling Ariane5 VA245

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpyk0bQW4AAjwoT.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 18:45:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 57 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1052934013793525760)

On our way to the launch pad!
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/Nvl930mhFPz  (https://t.co/dzUCV5MsnN)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpzF52eWsAAYpB0.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 18:52:45
Началось медленное движение РН из VAB к месту старта
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/875377291303321602/I24D5N_e_bigger.jpg)ネコビデオ ビジュアル ソリューションズ‏ @nvslive (https://twitter.com/nvslive) 50 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/nvslive/status/1052937500837199872)

ベピコロンボを搭載したアリアン5ロケットのロールアウトがはじまりました。 現在BAFよりゆっくり出した後、点検中。 そのあと再度移動開始します。
#nvslive (https://twitter.com/hashtag/nvslive?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpzIjsbW4AIqbjX.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 20:09:01
Ракета-носитель Ariane 5 с КА BepiColombo закончила движение и прибыла на СК.
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/875377291303321602/I24D5N_e_bigger.jpg)ネコビデオ ビジュアル ソリューションズ‏ @nvslive (https://twitter.com/nvslive) 20 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/nvslive/status/1052964046457249793)

ベピコロンボを搭載した、アリアン5ロケット 機体移動が終わり、射点へ到着しました。
#nvslive (https://twitter.com/hashtag/nvslive?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DpzhImCWkAAUweh.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 21:59:14
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1047120912036839426/LbG_SMQ3_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 23 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/1052991643907952640)

#Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) is standing tall in the launch zone for tomorrow's high-profile mission that will send @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) on its way to Mercury.
#VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) @JAXA_en (https://twitter.com/JAXA_en) @AirbusSpace (https://twitter.com/AirbusSpace)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpz6NKeXcAACQOx.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.10.2018 23:29:33
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/arianespaces-launch-vehicle-rollout-brings-bepicolombo-space-probe-another-step-closer-to-mercury/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 18, 2018
Arianespace's launch vehicle rollout brings BepiColombo space probe another step closer to Mercury

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/10-18-2018-VA245-pano/3247056578.jpg)
The Ariane 5 nears completion of its transfer fr om the Spaceport's Final Assembly Building to the ELA-3 launch zone.

Ariane 5 has reached the launch zone for Arianespace's history-making flight that will deploy Europe's first mission to Mercury, BepiColombo - which is scheduled for liftoff tomorrow from the Spaceport in French Guiana.

The completed Ariane 5 was transferred today atop its mobile launch table from the Final Assembly Building, wh ere payload integration occurred, to the Spaceport's dedicated ELA-3 launch complex. This activity set the stage for Arianespace's seventh mission in 2018 across its full family of heavy-lift Ariane 5, medium Soyuz and lightweight Vega vehicles.

Utilizing the Ariane 5 ECA version, Arianespace's mission has a precise moment of liftoff: October 19 at 10:45:28 p.m. local time in French Guiana. The launcher subsequently will inject its payload into an Earth escape orbit during a mission lasting nearly 27 minutes from liftoff to final separation.

Exploring the solar system's smallest terrestrial planet
Built under the industrial leadership of Airbus, BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. It was named in honor of Italian mathematician and engineer Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo.

After arriving in late 2025, the multi-segment spacecraft will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind. BepiColombo is scheduled for a one-year nominal mission, with the possibility for a one-year extension.

Tomorrow's flight is designated VA245 in Arianespace's launcher family numbering system and has an estimated payload performance of 4,241 kg. It will be the 23rd major scientific mission performed by the company to date.

Liftoff time for Flight VA245:

[TH]
French Guiana
[/TH][TH]
UTC
[/TH][TH]
Washington, D.C.
[/TH][TH]
Tokyo
[/TH][TH]
Paris
[/TH][/TR][TR][TD]
10:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
01:45:28 on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
09:45:28 p.m. on Oct. 19
[/TD][TD]
10:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][TD]
03:45:28 a.m. on Oct. 20
[/TD][/TR][/TABLE]
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 00:07:37
Ariane 5 на закате. Снимок сделан в 18 часов по местному времени, пуск в 22:45 завтра. В Японии будет 10:45 субботы.
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/875377291303321602/I24D5N_e_bigger.jpg)ネコビデオ ビジュアル ソリューションズ‏ @nvslive (https://twitter.com/nvslive) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/nvslive/status/1053027462572138496)

日欧の水星探査計画 ベピコロンボを搭載した、アリアン5ロケット 夕陽に照らされています。現地18時ですが、明日の22時45分に打ち上げ予定です。日本では土曜10時45分になります。
#nvslive (https://twitter.com/hashtag/nvslive?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp0aybTWwAABVHK.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 13:08:39
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 47 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053214291007074304)

#Bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Bepicolombo?src=hash) smiles down on @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s Main Control Room(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png)at the European Space Operations Centre #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash) in Darmstadt, Germany. In just a few hours, this room will be a hive of activity -- as @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) launches into space, & from here, commands are sent to the spacecraft(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)
#WeFly (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeFly?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp3DxvJWwAInCyd.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 16:21:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 25 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053267049181560832)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) has been identified as one of the most challenging long-term planetary projects ever flown. In 9 billion km, it will complete 9 planetary flybys:
circling #Earth (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earth?src=hash) once(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)
#Venus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Venus?src=hash) twice(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f315.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f315.png) and
#Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) itself 6 times (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dp30trEWsAAyn5a.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dp30trEWsAAyn5a.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dp30trEWsAAyn5a.mp4) 0:14)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 16:33:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg)DutchSpace‏ @DutchSpace (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1053258711777636352)

Ready... #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #CSG (https://twitter.com/hashtag/CSG?src=hash) #ESA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash) image via ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp3tANTVAAIlL5-.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 16:45:14
Зал Центра управления "Юпитер" ГКЦ за 13 часов до пуска Ariane 5 с BepiColombo
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/875377291303321602/I24D5N_e_bigger.jpg)ネコビデオ ビジュアル ソリューションズ‏ @nvslive (https://twitter.com/nvslive) 47 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/nvslive/status/1053268504579883009)

水星探査機ベピコロンボを搭載した、アリアン5ロケット打上げ前13時間前です。 ギアナ宇宙センター ジュピターコントロールセンターで、セレモニーがはじまりました。
#nvslive (https://twitter.com/hashtag/nvslive?src=hash) #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp32Gc4WkAAmTKJ.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 17:21:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89109)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 18:18:10
ЦитатаНаучную аппаратуру с надписью "Сделано в России" отправят к Меркурию
17:46 19.10.2018 (обновлено: 17:49 19.10.2018)

МОСКВА, 19 окт -- РИА Новости. Российский гамма-спектрометр, способный искать следы воды в грунте Меркурия с орбиты, отправится к этой планете на европейском аппарате BepiColombo в субботу, рассказал на презентации проекта в офисе Европейского космического агентства руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов.

"Это была наша первая попытка выиграть открытый европейский конкурс на поставку научного прибора для европейского научного космического аппарата. Мы очень сильно старались не подводить тех людей, которые приняли решение установить наш MGNS. Это прибор, который полностью сделан за российские деньги, все командировки в Европу оплачивались из российского бюджета, он полностью российский. На его борту написано "Сделано в России", -- сказал Митрофанов.

По его словам, аппаратура будет исследовать содержание химических веществ в грунте Меркурия, а также искать следы льда в его приполярных областях, которые не освещаются Солнцем, поэтому там отрицательная температура.

Запуск космического аппарата Bepicolombo состоится на европейской ракете "Ариан-5" в субботу в 4.45 мск. Полет продлится семь лет, аппарат совершит два пролета Венеры, пролетит мимо Земли, совершит несколько пролетов Меркурия с постепенным снижением. На орбите Меркурия BepiColombo разделится на два аппарата -- магнитосферный орбитер и планетарный орбитер.


РИА Новости https://ria.ru/science/20181019/1531076669.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 18:39:39
ЦитатаESA Euronews: Setting off to Mercury with BepiColombo

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.

Mercury is a planetary misfit, an oddball in the solar system, and this month the BepiColombo mission is setting off to study it in unprecedented detail. The best images we have of Mercury are from NASA's MESSENGER mission, which pictured its cratered surface and curious features earlier this decade. Soon, the joint European and Japanese BepiColombo mission will head there to take an even closer look.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvJz6x67-HMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvJz6x67-HM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvJz6x67-HM) (8:46)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 18:52:52
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/19/ariane-5-va245-mission-status-center/
ЦитатаLive coverage: Probe heading to Mercury set for launch from French Guiana
October 19, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

10/19/2018 17:08 Stephen Clark

The BepiColombo mission jointly developed by the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is set for liftoff Friday night from French Guiana aboard an Ariane 5 rocket.

The instantaneous launch opportunity is timed for 9:45:28 p.m. EDT Friday (10:45:28 p.m. French Guiana time; 0145:28 GMT Saturday) from the ELA-3 launch pad at the Guiana Space Center, the European-run spaceport on the northern shore of South America.
The Ariane 5 rocket, set to fly on its 101st mission, will arc to the east from the spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, hauling the BepiColombo spacecraft over the Atlantic Ocean on a trajectory to depart Earth and kick off a seven-year journey that will culiminate in the probe's arrival in orbit around Mercury in December 2025.

BepiColombo actually comes in four major pieces, with scientific orbiters built in Europe and Japan, a plasma propulsion module, and a sunshield for thermal protection as the probe heads into the hotter temperatures of the inner solar system.

The robotic mission will spiral ever-closer to the sun, using a series of planetary flybys of Earth, Venus and Mercury in concert with the steady thrust of plasma engines to eventually rendezvous with the innermost planet with the speed necessary to enter orbit.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2106517275269080350/20181019140826_574255.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2106517275269080350/20181019140826_574255.jpg)

"To get to Mercury without being subsumed by our giant star, the spacecraft will make a series of nine planetary flybys; circling Earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury itself six times," said Andrea Accomazzo, ESA's flight director for BepiColombo.

Stacked inside the Ariane 5's Swiss-made payload fairing, BepiColombo stands 21 feet (6.4 meters) tall and weighs 8,997 pounds (4,081 kilograms). It consists of the ESA-provided Mercury Planetary Orbiter, JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, the Mercury Transfer Module propulsion tug, and a sunshield covering the Japanese probe during the seven-year cruise through the solar system.

"Unlike missions that take spacecraft to the outer regions of the solar system, the Mercury Transfer Module will use the gravity of these inner planets, in combination with the thrust provided by electric propulsion, to slow the spacecraft down," Accomazzo said.

Putting a spacecraft into a stable orbit around Mercury requires a bigger velocity change than sending a probe to Pluto, and seven times the energy needed to dispatch a mission to Mars. Four steerable plasma thrusters, firing two at a time, on the Mercury Transfer Module will draw from a 1,280-pound (581-kilogram) supply of xenon fuel, which will be consumed and accelerated through the ion engines with an electric current.

Two previous NASA missions -- Mariner 10 and MESSENGER -- previously explored Mercury. Mariner 10 zipped by Mercury three times in the 1974 and 1975, photographing less than half of the planet before MESSENGER made its own flybys and eventually entered orbit in March 2011 for a four-year global science campaign.

"BepiColombo will follow on MESSENGER's results and get even more details (about Mercury)," said Johannes Benkhoff, BepiColombo project scientist at ESA, in a briefing with reporters last year. "We will be able to answer many, many of the questions that were raised by the MESSENGER mission."

Those questions include the nature of water ice deposits hidden deep inside permanently-shadowed craters near Mercury's poles, and the source of the planet's unexpected magnetic field.

BepiColombo's European-built Mercury Planetary Orbiter carries 11 instruments, a suite comprising a high-resolution mapping camera, a laser altimeter, an accelerometer, and a set of spectrometers on a downward-facing science deck that will remain pointed toward the planet throughout each orbit.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2106517275269080350/20181019140828_066804.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2106517275269080350/20181019140828_066804.jpg)

The Japanese-made Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter's five science sensors will study the plasma environment around Mercury, attempt to image the planet's sodium-rich tenuous atmosphere, and measure Mercury's magnetic field.

The combined BepiColombo spacecraft will travel 5.5 billion miles (8.9 billion kilometers) over its 7.2-year voyage to Mercury. The mission is named for Giuseppe 'Bepi' Colombo, the Italian mathematician and engineer who helped design Mariner 10's Mercury flyby trajectory

The flight plan calls for the spacecraft to jettison the transfer module and fire rocket engines to slip into orbit around the planet. Japan's magnetospheric orbiter, cocooned in a protective sunshield during the mission's interplanetary transit, will be released in an egg-shaped elliptical orbit stretching up to 7,232 miles (11,640 kilometers) above Mercury.

Then the sunshield will be ejected as the European orbiter spirals closer to Mercury, eventually ending up in a tighter orbit ranging between about 300 miles (480 kilometers) and 930 miles (1,500 kilometers) from the planet.

The dual spacecraft, built by industrial teams led by Airbus Defense and Space in Europe and NEC Corp. in Japan, will spend at least a year observing Mercury.

Ground crews in French Guiana have assembled the BepiColombo spacecraft's pieces in a clean room over the last few months, then raised the stack on top of the Ariane 5 launcher in its final assembly building Oct. 9. The spacecraft was encapsulated inside the Ariane 5's payload fairing, then the rocket rolled out to its launch pad Thursday morning.

"The long journey to Mercury has not yet started, but I feel the two science orbiters already have a strong bond between them, thanks to the long history of this mission," said Go Murakami, JAXA's BepiColombo project scientist. "I believe they will achieve a very successful mission with their joint science measurements."

BepiColombo's launch period is open until Nov. 29 if the Ariane 5 rocket cannot take off Friday night.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2106517275269080350/20181019140826_797677.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2106517275269080350/20181019140826_797677.jpg)

The Ariane 5's final countdown will commence at 1422 GMT (10:22 a.m. EDT), with clocks at the Guiana Space Center timed for a targeted liftoff at 0145 GMT (9:45 p.m. EDT; 10:45 p.m. French Guiana time).

Electrical systems checks on the Ariane 5 are set to begin at 1512 GMT (11:12 a.m. EDT).

Workers will also put finishing touches on the launch pad, including the closure of doors, removal of safety barriers and configuring fluid lines for fueling. The flight program for Tuesday's launch will also be loaded into the rocket's computer.

The launch team will begin the process to fuel the rocket with super-cold liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants around 2107 GMT (5:07 p.m. EDT). First, ground reservoirs and the rocket's helium tank will be pressurized, then the fuel lines will be chilled down to condition the plumbing for the flow of super-cold liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, which are stored at approximately minus 423 degrees Fahrenheit and minus 298 degrees Fahrenheit, respectively.

It will take approximately two hours to fill the Ariane 5 core stage tanks.

A similar procedure for the Ariane 5's cryogenic upper stage will commence at 2217 GMT (6:17 p.m. EDT).

Chilldown conditioning of the Vulcain 2 first stage engine will occur at 2227 GMT (6:27 p.m. EDT), and a communications check between the rocket and ground telemetry, tracking and command systems is scheduled for 0030 GMT (8:30 p.m. EDT).

A final weather briefing will come at T-minus 10 minues, and then the computer-controlled synchronized countdown sequence will begin seven minutes before launch to pressurize propellant tanks, switch to on-board power and take the rocket's guidance system to flight mode.

The Vulcain 2 engine will ignite as the countdown clock reaches zero, followed by a health check and ignition of the Ariane 5's solid rocket boosters seven seconds later to send the 1.7 million-pound launcher skyward.

Five seconds after blastoff, the rocket will begin pitching east from the ELA-3 launch pad, surpassing the speed of sound less than a minute into the mission. The Ariane 5's twin solid rocket boosters will jettison nearly two-and-a-half minutes after liftoff.

Once above the dense atmosphere, the launcher's payload fairing will fall away at an altitude of more than 70 miles -- about 112 kilometers -- at Plus+3 minutes, 9 seconds. The Ariane 5's first stage will shut down 8 minutes, 37 seconds, after liftoff, followed moments later by stage separation and ignition of the hydrogen-fueled cryogenic HM7B upper stage engine.

The rocket's upper stage will fire nearly 16 minutes, accelerating BepiColombo to enough speed to escape the gravitational grasp of Earth.

Deployment of the BepiColombo spacecraft is set for 0212 GMT (10:12 p.m. EDT), or at Plus+26 minutes, 47 seconds. Ground controllers at the European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, expect to receive the first radio signals from the Mercury-bound probe around 40 minutes after liftoff.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 19:56:27
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5697112
Цитата19 ОКТ, 18:54
Российский спектрометр MGNS изучит на Меркурии то, что не видел американский Messenger

Еще одной задачей миссии BepiColombo, которую планируется решить с помощью MGNS, станет изучение полярных районов Меркурия, отметил ученый Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов

МОСКВА, 19 октября. /ТАСС/. Российский гамма-спектрометр MGNS (Mercury Gamma-ray and Neutron Spectrometer) будет изучать районы поверхности Меркурия, которые не были обследованы с помощью американской межпланетной станции Messenger. Об это сообщил журналистам на презентации миссии BepiColombo, которая готовится Европейским космическим агентством (ЕКА) совместно с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA), руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов.

"Мы должны будем через восемь-девять лет добавить данные о той поверхности Меркурия, которую американский аппарат Messenger еще не видел", - сказал он.

Messenger (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging - MESSENGER) - американская автоматическая межпланетная станция для исследования Меркурия. Запущена 3 августа 2004 года. 18 марта 2011 года станция благополучно вышла на орбиту Меркурия. Полет завершился 30 апреля 2015 года, когда станция упала на Меркурий.

По словам Митрофанова, еще одной задачей миссии BepiColombo, которую планируется решить с помощью российского прибора MGNS, будет изучение полярных районов Меркурия.

"Этот прибор полностью сделан за российские деньги и на нем написано "Сделано в России", - отметил ученый.

Аппараты миссии BepiColombo
Как рассказал специалист ЕКА Дмитрий Титов, в состав миссии входят магнитосферный аппарат, планетный орбитер и перелетный модуль, который доставит эти аппараты на орбиту Меркурия и на котором установлены плазменные двигатели.

Первый аппарат займется исследованием магнитосферы Меркурия. Он будет летать на высоте от 590 до 11640 км над этой планетой. На нем установлено пять научных приборов, уточнил Титов.

Планетный аппарат будет исследовать поверхность Меркурия и делать снимки с нее. Он будет летать на высоте от 480 до 1500 км над этой планетой. На нем будут работать 11 научных приборов.
Миссия к Меркурию
Запуск трех космических аппаратов исследовательской миссии BepiColombo, которая готовится Европейским космическим агентством (ЕКА) совместно с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA), запланирован на 20 октября в 4:45 мск с космодрома Куру во Французской Гвиане. Старт будет осуществлен с помощью ракеты-носителя Ariane 5.

Как сообщали ранее в ЕКА, аппараты будут путешествовать вместе - трансферный модуль будет нести два научных орбитальных аппарата, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия.

Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями ЕКА и JAXA. В ходе миссии к Меркурию должны быть доставлены два орбитальных аппарата, задачей которых станет всестороннее изучение ближайшей к Солнцу планеты и окружающего пространства, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Ряд научных приборов, установленных на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании двух спектрометров, предназначенных для изучения элементного состава поверхности Меркурия и для исследования экзосферы планеты.

В ЕКА рассчитывают, что аппараты миссии BepiColombo могут проработать на орбите Меркурия год. За это время должны быть собраны данные о химическом составе меркурианской поверхности, проведено исследование магнитного поля планеты и осуществлен поиск льда на ее полюсах.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 20:38:57
ЦитатаBepiColombo mission to Mercury

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 18 окт. 2018 г.

BepiColombo mission to Mercury is a collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) The mission consists of two scientific orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). Johannes Benkhoff (BepiColombo project scientist, ESA) and Hajime Hayakawa (BepiColombo project manager, JAXA) explained the objectives of the mission. BepiColombo will be launched by an Ariane 5 ECA launch vehicle (Ariane Flight VA245) from Ariane Launch Complex No. 3 (ELA 3) at Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana, on 20 October 2018, at 01:45 UTC (19 October, at 22:45 local time).

Credit:
European Space Agency (ESA)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=et-kte0XNzQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=et-kte0XNzQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=et-kte0XNzQ) (2:57)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 20:42:09
ЦитатаBepiColombo - orbit and timeline

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 18 окт. 2018 г.

BepiColombo mission to Mercury is scheduled to launch on 20 October 2018 and to arrive at Mercury on 5 December 2025. The mission is a collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK3F4fmqtbAhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK3F4fmqtbA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK3F4fmqtbA) (3:19)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 20:46:58
ЦитатаAriane 5 ready to launch BepiColombo

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.

An Ariane 5 ECA launch vehicle (Ariane Flight VA245) will launch the BepiColombo mission from Ariane Launch Complex No. 3 (ELA 3) at Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana, on 20 October 2018.

Credit:
European Space Agency (ESA)/S. Corvaja/Manuel Pedoussaut
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yyzoc-mfERYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yyzoc-mfERY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yyzoc-mfERY) (4:58)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: us2-star от 19.10.2018 21:08:22
Русскоязычная трансляция: 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5AtD5BSrto (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5AtD5BSrto)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5AtD5BSrto
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 23:07:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 31 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053368972974981120)

L-6.25 hrs. The network countdown is underway (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/23f2.png) -- a synchronised sequence by facilities in #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) #Kourou (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Kourou?src=hash) & elsewhere supporting #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)- 6.25! #MissionControl (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MissionControl?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png)


30 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053369254471524353)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png) Flight Director at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) now verifiying communication links between @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s #MainControlRoom (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MainControlRoom?src=hash) & #Kourou (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Kourou?src=hash)'s "Jupiter" Control Room -- we hear each other loud and clear! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e2.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e2.png)


26 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053370148772552706)

Here at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) the first members of the @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) mission control team -- the (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f171.png)-Team -- are 'on console', preparing our systems for launch... #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 23:09:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053372726977720322)

Data connection tests are now underway between #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) and the #Estrack (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Estrack?src=hash) ground stations -- #Malindi (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Malindi?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) #NewNorcia (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NewNorcia?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) #Kourou (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Kourou?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) #Cebreros (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Cebreros?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) #Malarguë (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Malargu%C3%AB?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png) Find out more about @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s global network of tracking stations: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/Estrack ... (https://t.co/Gdb4CQ7xVn)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp5U6O3XgAAVbiD.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.10.2018 23:11:07
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 15 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053373983159173121)

Once #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) has launched & separated from the #Ariane (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane?src=hash) rocket(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png), teams expect to hear the fledgling spacecraft's 'first words' at around 04:22 CEST, picked up by @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s antenna(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) in #NewNorcia (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NewNorcia?src=hash), Australia. This is a hugely important moment -- join us for it!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp5WDbCWwAEMKar.jpg)
02:22 UTC
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 00:07:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 37 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053382783941382150)

Teams at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) are now conducting the first GO/NO GO rollcall prior to fuelling(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png) of the #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash) rocket(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 00:08:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg)ESA‏Подлинная учетная запись @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1053366178024972288)

Latest from Kourou: Altitude winds still within launch criteria. Countdown to #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) launch proceeds as planned. Join us for live coverage from 01:15 GMT (03:15 CEST) https://livestream.com/ESA/BepiColomboLaunch ... (https://t.co/JVwQjT07a5)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp5OndqXgAAgQHX.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 00:23:40
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg)ESA‏Подлинная учетная запись @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 15 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1053392015688384512)

Latest from Kourou: All criteria green. Start filling the #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash)'s cryogenic tanks. Join us for the #BepiColumbo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColumbo?src=hash) launch, live coverage starts at 01:15 GMT (03:15 CEST) https://livestream.com/ESA/BepiColomboLaunch ... (https://t.co/JVwQjT07a5)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp5mJrhW4AAFov8.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 02:14:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 24 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053418021824405504)

Flight Director Andrea Accomazzo at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) reporting to #Kourou (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Kourou?src=hash) that ground systems checks are complete (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
#WeFly (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeFly?src=hash)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 03:40:50
Цитата10/20/2018 02:55 Stephen Clark

T-minus 110 minutes. The Ariane 5 rocket's first stage, known by the French acronym EPC, is currently being filled with liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. The second stage, or ESC-A, should also be receiving the same mix of liquid propellants. The first stage Vulcain 2 engine and the upper stage HM7B engine both consume the super-cold fuel.

The cryogenic propellant will be gradually pumped inside the rocket to maintain proper levels as the fuel evaporates over the rest of the countdown.

The Ariane 5's supply of cryogenic liquid helium, used to pressurize the rocket's propellant tanks, was loaded aboard the launcher after Thursday's rollout.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 03:43:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 42 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053435195876167680)

"All systems are green, spacecraft is GO for launch" -- Christoph Steiger, (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f171.png)-Team Spacecraft Operations Manager (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 03:45:05
Трансляция Arianespace на ТыТрубе
Цитата
youtube.com/watch?v=Fy4TjF_zNmk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fy4TjF_zNmk)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 03:46:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89110)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 03:48:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 14 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053444103671820295)

The LSS "Launch and Separation Sequence" is being activated on #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) in preparation for launch in just over an hour. Everyone reporting GO, spacecraft operating nominally!
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:05:27
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/19/photos-bepicolombo-stacked-for-launch-to-mercury/
ЦитатаPhotos: BepiColombo stacked for launch to Mercury
October 19, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_stack_20181008_625.jpg)
The BepiColombo spacecraft is pictured in launch configuratin shortly before stacking atop the Ariane 5 rocket in French Guiana. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Photo Optique Video du CSG - S. Martin

Ground crews at the Guiana Space Center in South America have spent the last few months preparing the BepiColombo spacecraft, a tandem mission with European and Japanese science orbiters bound for Mercury, for launch aboard an Ariane 5 rocket.
Liftoff is scheduled for 0145 GMT on Oct. 20 (9:45 p.m. EDT on Oct. 19) from Kourou, French Guiana.

The BepiColombo spacecraft stands roughly 21 feet (6.4 meters) tall at launch and weighs 8,997 pounds (4,081 kilograms) fully fueled with hydrazine and xenon propellants for the 7.2-year journey to Mercury.

Workers at the spaceport in French Guiana have spent the last few months readying the BepiColombo spacecraft for launch. Key steps included filling of the spacecraft with propellant, and stacking the major parts of the vehicle together for the cruise to the solar system's innermost planet.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_exploded_view_node_full_image_2.jpg)
This illustration shows the major components of the BepiColombo mission. At top is the Japanese Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. Below that is the spacecraft's sunshield, which will cover the Japanese orbiter during the interplanetary cruise. Third from top is the European Mercury Planetary Orbiter, and at bottom is the European-built Mercury Transfer Module. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab

BepiColombo's European-built Mercury Planetary Orbiter carries 11 instruments, a suite comprising a high-resolution mapping camera, a laser altimeter, an accelerometer, and a set of spectrometers on a downward-facing science deck that will remain pointed toward the planet throughout each orbit.

The Japanese-made Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter's five science sensors will study the plasma environment around Mercury, attempt to image the planet's sodium-rich tenuous atmosphere, and measure Mercury's magnetic field.

The spacecraft also includes the Mercury Transfer Module, a section with four steerable plasma engines and solar arrays designed to steer BepiColombo through the inner solar system through a series of gravity assist encounters with Earth, Venus and Mercury before finally arriving in orbit around the innermost planet in December 2025.

The BepiColombo modules will separate after arriving at Mercury, with the European and Japanese orbiters heading to different orbits. The Mercury Transfer Module will be jettisoned along with a sunshield that will keep the Japanese part of BepiColombo at the right temperature during the interplanetary transit from Earth to Mercury.

BepiColombo will become the second mission to orbit Mercury after NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, which explored the planet from 2011 through 2015.

The photos below show the BepiColombo spacecraft's launch preparations in French Guiana after a series of Antonov cargo flights delivered the major pieces of the mission to the launch base from Europe.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/MMO_unpacked_at_Europe_s_Spaceport_node_full_image_2-2.jpg)
The spin-stabilized Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter shortly after arriving in Kourou, French Guiana. Credit: JAXA/ESA-M. Basile

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter_at_the_Spaceport_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The Mercury Planetary Orbiter, with its hand-sewn insulation panels to protect it from extreme temperatures on the mission to Mercury. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Mercury_Transfer_Module_solar_wing.jpg)
One of the Mercury Transfer Module's two solar arrays undergoes a deployment test. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Sewing_MTM_insulation_blankets.jpg)
A technician sews insulation panels on BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module in French Guiana. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter_at_the_Spaceport_node_full_image_2-2.jpg)
The Mercury Planetary Orbiter. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Sewing_MTM_insulation_blankets_node_full_image_2.jpg)
A technicians sews thermal blankets on BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Mercury_Transfer_Module_preparations_node_full_image_2.jpg)
Several major pieces of the BepiColombo mission are visible in this image inside the processing facility at the Guiana Space Center. In the foreground is the Mercury Transfer Module, and one of the MTM's solar panels, the sunshield, and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter are visible in the background. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_electrical_testing_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Transfer Module undergo electrical compatibility testing. Credit: ESA-B.Guillaume

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/MPO_solar_array_deployment_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The solar wing on the Mercury Planetary Orbiter is deployed during a test at the Guiana Space Center. Credit: ESA - M. Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_ministack_on_the_move_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The BepiColombo "ministack" is on the move at the Guiana Space Center. The Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter are connected together in this image. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - P.Baudon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Preparing_for_fueling_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The BepiColombo Mercury Transfer Module (left) and the "ministack" of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (right) are prepared for chemical fueling. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - P.Baudon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Completing_the_BepiColombo_stack_node_full_image_2.jpg)
Technicians prepare to mate the Mercury Transfer Module with the two BepiColombo science orbiters. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - P.Baudon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Completing_the_BepiColombo_stack.jpg)
The BepiColombo science orbiter "ministack" is lowered on the Mercury Transfer Module. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - P.Baudon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_stack.jpg)
The BepiColombo spacecraft is lifted in preparation for attachment to its Ariane 5 launcher. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - JM Guillon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_meets_the_launcher.jpg)
Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique video du CSG - JM Guillon

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_stack_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The BepiColombo spacecraft is lowered onto its Ariane 5 launcher in the final assembly building at the Guiana Space Center. Credit: ESA - M. Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Sunshield_integration_node_full_image_2-2.jpg)
The sunshield is lowered over the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. Credit: ESA - M. Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/MMO_inside_the_sunshield_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter will be protected by a sunshield during BepiColombo's outbound cruise from Earth. Credit: ESA - M. Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Fairing_closure_node_full_image_2.jpg)
The Ariane 5 rocket's payload fairing is prepared for encapsulation of the BepiColombo spacecraft on top of the launcher. Credit: ESA-Manuel Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Fairing_closure_node_full_image_2-2.jpg)
Credit: ESA-Manuel Pedoussaut

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Fairing_closure_node_full_image_2-3.jpg)
The BepiColombo spacecraft is encapsulated inside the Ariane 5's payload fairing. Credit: ESA-Manuel Pedoussaut
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:15:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89111) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89112) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89113)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:15:56
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89114)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:16:25
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89115) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89116)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:17:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89117)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:17:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89118)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:17:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89119)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:18:02
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89120)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:18:20
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89121) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89122)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:24:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89123)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:24:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89124) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89125) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89126) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89127)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:24:57
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89128) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89129)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:25:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89130)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:26:33
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 33 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053449123838472192)

Mathias Lauer, Flight Dynamics Manager -- "Flight dynamics is GREEN for launch" (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
#MissionControl (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MissionControl?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:27:41
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 11 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053454783158325248)

The #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) Flight Director at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) has conducted the final GO/NOGO roll call with the Mission Control Team. All systems are GO for launch(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png).
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:31:36
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89131)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:32:33
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89132)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:35:44
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89133)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:35:55
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89134)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:36:04
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89135)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:40:15
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89136)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:41:17
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89137) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89138) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89139) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89140) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89141)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:41:31
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89142)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:41:41
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89143)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:43:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89144)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:44:08
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89145) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89146)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:44:52
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89147)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:47:13
Зажигание!

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89148)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:49:29
Пуск!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89149)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:50:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89150) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89151)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:51:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89152)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:52:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89153) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89154) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89155)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:55:05
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89156) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89157) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89158)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 04:59:50
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89159)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:08:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89160) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89161)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:12:12
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89162) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89163) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89164) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89165) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89166) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89167)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:21:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89168)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:22:02
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89169)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89170)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:22:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89171) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89172)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:22:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89173) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89174) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89175)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:23:12
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89176)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:23:57
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89177) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89178) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89179)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:25:26
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89180)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:26:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89181) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89182)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:27:48
Есть отделение КА!!!

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89183)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89184)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89185)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89186)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:28:14
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89187)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:28:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89188)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:28:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89189) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89190)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:29:30
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89191)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:30:14
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89192)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:34:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89193)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:37:20
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89194)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:46:46
Заключительное слово
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89195)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:50:21
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89196) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89197) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89198) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89199) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89200)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:52:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89201) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89202) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89203)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:53:33
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89204) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89205)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:54:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg)ESA‏Подлинная учетная запись @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 19:15 (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1053469661872963584) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

First #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) launch image from our photographer at Europe's Spaceport (Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja). More later!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6sxzdWkAA86tg.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:54:23
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:22 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053471583468249088) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

FIRST SIGNAL RECEIVED(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f6.png) from #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png), detected by @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s antenna at #NewNorcia (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NewNorcia?src=hash), Australia(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png). With these first words(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e3.png), engineers at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) can monitor the status & execution of the autonomous activities onboard the spacecraft

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6u0OgVYAAwKpK.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 20.10.2018 06:55:10
Всё путем, СБ раскрыты на обоих модулях, солнечная ориентация построена, все подсистемы в норме.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:56:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:25 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053472147681746945) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

"Telemetry is flowing" -- Andrea Accomazzo, Flight Director for #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) confirms (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f60a.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f389.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:57:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:28 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053473019954368519) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

Andrea Accomazzo: "Telemetry flowing and separation sequence running". #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash) team monitoring on-board autonomous sequence, now at the point of solar array release on both @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) and @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6vv7dWkAAc2iW.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 05:59:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:34 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053474501114163201) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

What do the engineers at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash) look at? Graphs like this are plotted from the spacecraft telemetry. In this case, we see the currents used in the thermal knives to release the solar arrays. They will spring out, then a set of motors & wires will pull them tight #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6w5GrXQAEn_gp.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:00:47
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:39 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053475797867155456) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

SOLAR(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)ARRAY(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)DEPLOYMENT begins under the control of the automated sequence onboard #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:02:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:50 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053478631723491329) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

"Dynamic response on @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) hold down release" - the solar arrays springing out as the straps that hold them down are cut & arrays pulled out by the motors, causing the spacecraft to wobble a bit as expected. #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) is now recharging its batteries

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6znP7X0AAtDXo.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp609HHX0AA8Lz3.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:04:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 19:52 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053478957872496641) - 19 окт. 2018 г.

END Of SEPARATION SEQUENCE! Solar Arrays(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png) deployed and #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) attitude is under the control of its onboard computer(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4bb.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:06:41
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/506935946462261250/O-ZFGE5Y_bigger.jpeg)Stephen Clark‏ @StephenClark1 (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1/status/1053480829752668161)

Are the arrays on both the MTM and MPO now deployed?


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053481707192619008)

They are!! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f601.png)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053481783659032576)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:11:29
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/liftoff-of-arianespaces-ariane-5-with-bepicolombo/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 19, 2018
Liftoff of Arianespace's Ariane 5 with BepiColombo

The Arianespace launch carrying Europe's historic first mission to Mercury is now underway following Ariane 5's liftoff from the Spaceport in French Guiana.

Total lift performance for this launch is estimated at 4,241 kg., with the multi-segment BepiColombo spacecraft to be deployed into an Earth escape orbit during a flight lasting 26 minutes and 47 seconds.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:13:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053482813260029953)

Test command has been sent to #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) to confirm communications...(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png) Now the commanding activities of the controllers at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f579.png) can begin


3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053483340660199426)

PING!(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f3d3.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)@ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1053483420192567296)

PONG! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b05.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f3d3.png) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:14:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053483933046857728)

Controllers at #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash) have set the on-board transponders to "coherent" mode, which allows the #ESTRACK (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESTRACK?src=hash) stations to perform doppler ranging measurements to get an accurate assessment of #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s trajectory. Everything looking entirely nominal!
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:16:45
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1047120912036839426/LbG_SMQ3_bigger.jpg)Stéphane Israël‏ @arianespaceceo (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo) 57 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/arianespaceceo/status/1053470439740227585)

Flight #VA245 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA245?src=hash) marked the 101st launch of an #Ariane5 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Ariane5?src=hash), which is a testament to the excellent work by production prime contractor @ArianeGroup (https://twitter.com/ArianeGroup) and its teams. Bravo to all! #teamwork (https://twitter.com/hashtag/teamwork?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6tyC3XgAIdadJ.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 20.10.2018 07:17:47
На в ходе в главный зал управления. (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89206)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:23:24
http://www.arianespace.com/mission-update/va245-success-bepicolombo/
ЦитатаAriane 5 (http://www.arianespace.com/mission-updates/?taxonomy%5Bmission-update-category%5D=ariane-5) | October 19, 2018
Next stop...Mercury: Arianespace launches the BepiColombo mission to explore the "Swift Planet"

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/PR_Featured_23/1600546714.jpg)

Arianespace marked another mission accomplished for science tonight as its heavy-lift Ariane 5 successfully sent BepiColombo - Europe's historic first mission to Mercury, organized in cooperation with Japan - on its way toward the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet.

Ascending fr om the Spaceport's ELA-3 launch complex at 10:45:28 p.m. local time in French Guiana - the planned precise moment of liftoff - Ariane 5 lofted its passenger during a flight lasting just under 27 minutes, with the multi-segment BepiColombo spacecraft deployed into an Earth escape orbit.

As the nearest planet to the Sun, exploring Mercury is key to acquiring knowledge of how terrestrial planets originate and evolve, as well as to understand how conditions supporting life arose in the solar system, and possibly elsewh ere. Mercury also is known as the "Swift Planet" because its orbital period around the Sun of 87.97 days is the shortest of all the planets in the solar system.
Mission to Mercury
The BepiColombo mission is being carried out jointly by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). After arriving in late 2025, the spacecraft - built under the industrial leadership of Airbus - will examine the peculiarities of Mercury's internal structure and magnetic field generation, as well as how the planet interacts with the sun and solar wind.

With an estimated liftoff mass of 4,081 kg., BepiColombo consists of two orbiters: the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO); as well as two additional elements: the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), and the Magnetospheric Orbiter Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF).

BepiColombo is scheduled for a one-year nominal mission, with the possibility for a one-year extension. It was named after Italian mathematician and engineer Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo, who was known for his work related to Mercury.

Supporting science
In post-launch comments from the Spaceport, Arianespace Chief Executive Officer Stéphane Israël congratulated both ESA and JAXA - and underscored his company's continuing contributions to space research and science at the service of such institutions.

"Today's new success marks the beginning of a seven-year trip for BepiColombo, taking advantage of gravitational assistance from Earth, Venus, and Mercury," said Israël. "Arianespace is very proud to have contributed to this new major scientific quest!"

He added that Arianespace's latest Ariane 5 launch was special because of its Earth escape flight profile, and "would not have been possible without our European launchers 'dream team!' It showed the versatility of Ariane 5, so let me doubly congratulate all of the partners for this new success."

The Ariane 5 launch - designated Flight VA245 - was the 23rd major scientific mission performed by an Arianespace family vehicle to date, following deployments of such high-profile passengers as Rosetta, the Mars & Venus Express, Gaia, Herschel & Planck and Aeolus. It also underscores Arianespace's primary objective to guarantee Europe's independent and reliable access to space.

"We are standing on the shoulders of giants, and the giants are all of you!" said Guenther Hasinger, the ESA Director of Science, in acknowledging the participants in BepiColombo's development, its launch and the scientific mission to follow. He also thanked Arianespace for Ariane 5's exact on-time liftoff and the spacecraft's accurate deployment.

JAXA Senior Vice President Shizuo Yamamoto highlighted the excellent cooperation at the Spaceport launch site of Arianespace, ESA, the CNES French agency and the industrial teams that contributed to sending BepiColombo on its way to Mercury.

Flight VA245 by the numbers
BepiColombo is the 51st mission (and 73rd spacecraft) launched by Arianespace for ESA. It also is the 121st Airbus-produced spacecraft lofted by the company, which has a backlog of 22 additional satellites to orbit for this manufacturer on future flights.

As Arianespace's seventh launch in 2018, Flight VA245 follows other heavy-lift Ariane 5 missions performed this year on January 25 (carrying SES-14 and Al Yah 3), April 5 (DSN-1/Superbird-8 and HYLAS 4), July 25 (four Galileo satellites) and September 25 (Horizons 3e and Azerspace-2/Intelsat 38 ) .

Also conducted earlier in 2018 was Arianespace's medium-lift Soyuz mission on March 9 (with four O3b satellites); plus a light-lift Vega flight performed August 22 (Aeolus).

At the completion of tonight's mission, Arianespace's Stéphane Israël announced early November as the timing for the company's next flight, which will utilize a Soyuz launcher to orbit Europe's Metop-C polar-orbiting meteorological satellite for the EUMETSAT satellite agency.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:26:14
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg)Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/1053469195546042368)

S/C Sep for BepiColombo!
Now for the multi-year flight to their mission at Mercury!

ARTICLE:

https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2018/10/ariane-5-set-bepicolombo-mission-mercury/ ... (https://t.co/0I1RCRmzw1)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6sb6XWsAAxpN6.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6sfVXXgAAjuLB.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6shGcWoAAo1Qs.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp6spQdWkAAYXlo.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:29:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1053469281781014528)

Bepi-Colombo and the ESC-A have separated! Both are on a 170 x -78605 km x 5.5 deg escape trajectory that will put them in a 0.89 x 1.17 AU x 0.7 deg solar orbit which will return for an Earth flyby in Apr 2020
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:34:59
http://www.arianespace.com/press-release/arianespace-launches-bepicolombo-europes-first-mission-to-mercury-for-esa-in-cooperation-with-jaxa/
ЦитатаOctober 19, 2018
Arianespace launches BepiColombo, Europe's first mission to Mercury, for ESA in cooperation with JAXA

(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/cache/2018/10/VA245-deets/3215029164.jpg)

Arianespace has successfully launched the BepiColombo spacecraft on its mission to explore Mercury, the smallest and least known terrestrial planet in the Solar System.

Today's launch, the seventh of the year and the fifth with Ariane 5, took place on Friday, October 19 at 10:45 p.m. (local time) from the Guiana Space Center (CSG), Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana, South America.

BepiColombo is an interdisciplinary scientific mission designed to study the planet Mercury, carried out jointly by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

With this launch for ESA, Arianespace continues to guarantee independent and reliable access to space for Europe, while also expanding humankind's knowledge of the Universe to make life better on Earth.
BepiColombo starts its space journey in Europe's first mission to Mercury
(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets1.jpg) (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets1.jpg)

Conducted jointly by ESA and JAXA, BepiColombo is an interdisciplinary mission designed to send two probes to Mercury, the smallest and least-explored planet in our Solar System, as part of a single composite spacecraft. BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury, and will enable a better understanding of the planet's history, geology, composition, atmosphere and magnetosphere.

BepiColombo, also known as the MCS (Mercury Composite Spacecraft), consists of the MTM, MPO, MMO and MOSIF. The Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the two orbiters (MPO and MMO) to their destination, while the MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure (MOSIF) will protect the MMO from the Sun and also act as the interface between the MMO and the MPO.

The Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), developed by ESA, will map the planet by focusing on its surface and interior. The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), developed and built by JAXA, will study its magnetosphere.

The fifth Ariane 5 launch of the year placed BepiColombo into an Earth escape orbit. Arrival at Mercury is planned for late 2025, following a space journey lasting seven years and covering nearly nine billion kilometers. Once the spacecraft reaches its destination, the BepiColombo mission will last for one year, with the possibility of extending its measurements for another year.

A sustained partnership between Arianespace, Europe and Japan
(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets2.jpg) (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets2.jpg)

BepiColombo is the 51st Arianespace mission and the 73rd spacecraft launched for ESA, clearly reflecting Arianespace's continued role in guaranteeing independent and reliable access to space for Europe, while expanding our knowledge of the Universe to make life better on Earth.

BepiColombo also marks the third Arianespace launch of the year for ESA. In addition, the European launch services provider has four more ESA missions to be launched: the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) on Ariane 5, two Galileo launches with Ariane 62, and CHEOPS on a Soyuz launcher.

Arianespace also has established a close relationship with Japan, symbolized by the opening of a Tokyo office in 1986, and the 32 launch contracts signed to date with Japanese operators. Following the launches of DSN-1/Superbird-8 on April 5 and of Horizons 3e on September 25, BepiColombo is the third mission involving Japanese partners to be launched by Arianespace in 2018.

Arianespace boosts emblematic scientific missions
(http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets3.jpg) (http://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Deets3.jpg)

Arianespace has launched 23 major scientific missions since being founded. Today's flight follows a launch on August 22, which successfully orbited Aeolus, the first space mission designed to measure winds on a global scale.

In early 2021, Arianespace - in the framework of a contract with ESA -will use an Ariane 5 from CSG to orbit the most emblematic scientific mission of the next decade, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) for NASA. The mission's objectives include detecting the first stars and galaxies in the Universe after the big bang, tracking their evolution over time, and also witnessing the birth of new stars and planetary systems.

Several moments after the orbital injection of the spacecraft, Stéphane Israël, Chief Executive Officer of Arianespace, said: "With our seventh launch of the year, an Ariane 5 has lofted BepiColombo on a seven-year journey to Mercury, covering nearly nine billion kilometers! We are very proud of our 51st mission for ESA, and the 23rd space exploration mission by Arianespace. Europe's first mission to the planet closest to the Sun, in partnership with the Japanese space agency JAXA, will enable us to better understand the formation and evolution of planets in the inner Solar System. It carries on the tradition of previous successes for space exploration by ESA, with launches performed by Arianespace, and also heralds the next major scientific mission - the James Webb Space Telescope - to be launched by an Ariane 5 in early 2021.

"I would like to congratulate everybody who contributed to the construction of the spacecraft, and especially our long-standing partner Airbus Defense and Space, prime contractor of BepiColombo. "My thanks go to all of our partners who contributed to this latest Ariane 5 success: ArianeGroup and all companies involved in the production of Ariane; ESA, contracting authority for the Ariane program; the French CNES space agency; our ground segment companies; and all staff at the space center. Congratulations to everybody at Arianespace, who contributed to this latest perfect launch that continues to guarantee Europe's independent access to space... even to some of the farthest points in the Solar System."
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:39:58
ЦитатаМиссия BepiColombо успешно стартовала к Меркурию
04:57 20.10.2018

ПАРИЖ, 20 окт -- РИА Новости. Космические аппараты первой европейской миссии BepiColombo по изучению Меркурия успешно стартовали с космодрома Куру во Французской Гвиане.

Старт состоялся в 22.45 по местному времени (04.45 мск). Трансляция запуска велась на сайте Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА). Запуск был осуществлен с помощью ракеты-носителя Ariane 5.

BepiColombo -- миссия, организованная Европейским космическим агентством в партнерстве с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA). Это первая европейская миссия по изучению Меркурия, самой маленькой и наименее исследованной планеты Солнечной системы.
Аппараты должны будут преодолеть девять миллиардов километров и достичь Меркурия через семь лет -- в конце 2025 года. За это время они совершат девять гравитационных маневров около Венеры, Земли и Меркурия.

В состав миссии входят два орбитальных аппарата: магнитосферный орбитер и планетарный орбитер, а также третий модуль, который доставит эти аппараты к орбите Меркурия.

Предполагается, что после прибытия они проработают на орбите не менее года, собирая данные о составе, плотности, магнитном поле и экзосфере Меркурия, а также исследуя взаимодействие планеты с солнечным ветром.

Как сообщил ранее руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов, на аппарате BepiColombo отправится российский гамма-спектрометр, способный искать следы воды в грунте Меркурия.
РИА Новости https://ria.ru/space/20181020/1531095731.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:54:37
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_blasts_off_to_investigate_Mercury_s_mysteries
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_liftoff3/17826581-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_liftoff_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_liftoff3)
BepiColombo liftoff

BEPICOLOMBO BLASTS OFF TO INVESTIGATE MERCURY'S MYSTERIES

20 October 2018
The ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury blasted off on an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou at 01:45:28 GMT on 20 October on its exciting mission to study the mysteries of the Solar System's innermost planet.

Signals from the spacecraft, received at ESA's control centre in Darmstadt, Germany, via the New Norcia ground tracking station at 02:21 GMT confirmed that the launch was successful.

BepiColombo is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA. It is the first European mission to Mercury, the smallest and least explored planet in the inner Solar System, and the first to send two spacecraft to make complementary measurements of the planet and its dynamic environment at the same time.
"Launching BepiColombo is a huge milestone for ESA and JAXA, and there will be many great successes to come," says Jan Wörner, ESA Director General.

"Beyond completing the challenging journey, this mission will return a huge bounty of science. It is thanks to the international collaboration and the decades of efforts and expertise of everyone involved in the design and building of this incredible machine, that we are now on our way to investigating planet Mercury's mysteries."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_approaching_mercury5/17405293-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury5)
BepiColombo approaching Mercury

"Congratulations on the successful launch of Ariane 5 carrying BepiColombo, ESA-JAXA joint Mercury exploration mission," says Hiroshi Yamakawa, JAXA President.

"I would like to express my gratitude for the excellent achievement of launch operations. JAXA has high expectations that the ensuing detailed observations on the surface and interior of Mercury will help us better understand the environment of the planet, and ultimately, the origin of the Solar System including that of Earth."

BepiColombo comprises two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO, or 'Mio'). The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a combination of solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys, with one flyby of Earth, two at Venus, and six at Mercury, before entering orbit at Mercury in late 2025.

"There is a long and exciting road ahead of us before BepiColombo starts collecting data for the science community," says Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science.

"Endeavours like the Rosetta mission and their ground-breaking discoveries even years after their completion have already shown us that complex science exploration missions are well worth the wait."

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4)
Animation visualising BepiColombo's journey to Mercury
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2017/07/Animation_visualising_BepiColombo_s_journey_to_Mercury)


The two science orbiters will also be able to operate some of their instruments during the cruise phase, affording unique opportunities to collect scientifically valuable data at Venus. Moreover, some of the instruments designed to study Mercury in a particular way can be used in a completely different way at Venus, which has a thick atmosphere compared with Mercury's exposed surface.

"BepiColombo is one of the most complex interplanetary missions we have ever flown," says Andrea Accomazzo, ESA Flight Director for BepiColombo.

"One of the biggest challenges is the Sun's enormous gravity, which makes it difficult to place a spacecraft into a stable orbit around Mercury. We have to constantly brake to ensure a controlled fall towards the Sun, with the ion thrusters providing the low thrust needed over long durations of the cruise phase."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/fairing_closure2/17812031-1-eng-GB/Fairing_closure_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/Fairing_closure2)
Ariane 5 fairing closure over the spacecraft stack

Other challenges include the extreme temperature environment the spacecraft will endure, which will range from -180ºC to over 450ºC - hotter than a pizza oven. Many of the spacecraft mechanisms and outer coatings had not previously been tested in such conditions.

The overall design of the three spacecraft modules also reflects the intense conditions they will face. The large solar arrays of the transfer module have to be tilted at the right angle to avoid radiation damage, while still providing enough energy to the spacecraft. On the MPO, the wide radiator means the spacecraft can efficiently remove heat from its subsystems, as well as reflect heat and fly over the planet at lower altitudes than ever achieved before. Eight-sided Mio will spin 15 times a minute to evenly distribute the Sun's heat over its solar panels to avoid overheating.

"Seeing our spacecraft blast off into space is a moment we have all been waiting for," says Ulrich Reininghaus, ESA's BepiColombo project manager.

"We have overcome many hurdles over the years, and the teams are delighted to see BepiColombo now on the road to intriguing planet Mercury."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_orbits/16896772-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_orbits_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_orbits)
BepiColombo orbits

A few months before arriving at Mercury, the transfer module will be jettisoned, leaving the two science orbiters - still connected to each other - to be captured by Mercury's gravity. Their altitude will be adjusted using MPO's thrusters until MMO's desired elliptical polar orbit is reached.

Then MPO will separate and descend to its own orbit using its thrusters. Together the orbiters will make measurements that will reveal the internal structure of the planet, the nature of the surface and the evolution of geological features - including ice in the planet's shadowed craters - and the interaction between the planet and the solar wind.

"A unique aspect of this mission is having two spacecraft monitoring the planet from two different locations at the same time: this is really key to understanding processes linked to the impact of the solar wind on Mercury's surface and its magnetic environment," adds ESA's BepiColombo project scientist Johannes Benkhoff.

"BepiColombo will build on the discoveries and questions raised by NASA's Messenger mission to provide the best understanding of Mercury and Solar System evolution to date, which in turn will be essential for understanding how planets orbiting close to their stars in exoplanet systems form and evolve, too."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_science_themes/17772430-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_science_themes_large.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_science_themes)
BepiColombo science themes
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 06:57:58
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5698359
Цитата20 ОКТ, 05:00 Обновлено 05:24
Во Франции запустили ракету Ariane-5 с аппаратами для исследования Меркурия

Задачей аппаратов станет всестороннее изучение Меркурия и окружающего пространства, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны планеты

ТАСС, 20 октября. Европейская ракета-носитель тяжелого класса Ariane-5 успешно стартовала в пятницу вечером с космодрома Гвианского космического центра (ГКЦ) во Французской Гвиане. В космос она выводит аппараты исследовательской миссии BepiColombo, которая подготовлена Европейским космическим агентством (ESA) совместно с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA) для изучения Меркурия. Трансляцию старта в прямом эфире на своем сайте вело JAXA (http://global.jaxa.jp/news/2018/#news13233).

Запуск с третьей стартовой площадки ГКЦ в Куру произведен в пятницу в 22:45 по местному времени (20 октября, 04:45 мск). На борту ракеты - три космических аппарата миссии BepiColombo, которым предстоит направиться к Меркурию для комплексного исследования первой от Солнца планеты. "Аппараты будут путешествовать вместе - трансферный модуль будет нести два научных орбитальных аппарата, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия", - сообщили в ESA.

В ESA сообщили, что запуск ракеты-носителя прошел успешно. По его сведениям, трансферный модуль, который несет два научных орбитальных аппарата, отделился от ракеты на высоте более 1 тыс. км над поверхностью Земли и продолжил движение по заданной траектории к Меркурию.
Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями ESA и JAXA. Задачей аппаратов станет всестороннее изучение ближайшей к Солнцу планеты и окружающего пространства, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Ряд научных приборов, установленных на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании двух спектрометров, предназначенных для изучения элементного состава поверхности Меркурия и для исследования экзосферы планеты.

Модуль будет двигаться по сложной траектории, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия. В ESA рассчитывают, что аппараты миссии BepiColombo могут проработать на орбите Меркурия год. За это время должны быть собраны данные о химическом составе меркурианской поверхности, проведено исследование магнитного поля планеты и осуществлен поиск льда ее полюсах.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:00:38
ЦитатаAriane 5 launches BepiColombo mission to Mercury

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4pRe8yrHmIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4pRe8yrHmI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4pRe8yrHmI) (4:30)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:01:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 21 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1053490767149326337)

First star tracker switched on! #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) can now work out its orientation in space (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2728.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f31f.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:03:01
ЦитатаBepiColombo on the way to Mercury

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=doYLHc8AeZ4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=doYLHc8AeZ4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=doYLHc8AeZ4) (0:59)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:04:22
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1053494196861054976)

BepiColombo now passing south of the geostationary belt, safely distant from all the active geosats
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:10:53
ЦитатаArianespace . VA245 Successful Launch

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.

For its seventh launch of the year, Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center (CSG) to send the BepiColombo spacecraft on its way to the solar system's smallest and least-explored terrestrial planet: Mercury.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsMFiJ4cFfghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsMFiJ4cFfg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsMFiJ4cFfg) (0:50)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:14:25
ЦитатаArianespace TV - VA245 Successful Mission

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkGay7e_qq8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkGay7e_qq8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkGay7e_qq8) (1:40)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:19:50
ЦитатаArianespace TV - VA245 - Official Speeches

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjYDfYSEcKUhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjYDfYSEcKU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjYDfYSEcKU) (20:26)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:23:38
Официальная запись трансляции Arianespace
ЦитатаArianespace Flight VA245 - BepiColombo - English

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Трансляция началась 4 часа назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fy4TjF_zNmkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fy4TjF_zNmk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fy4TjF_zNmk) (2:34:05)

То же на фр. яз. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7cjXNtBvAA (2:33:10)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:30:34
https://spacenews.com/ariane-5-launches-bepicolombo-to-mercury/
ЦитатаAriane 5 launches BepiColombo to Mercury
by Caleb Henry (https://spacenews.com/author/caleb-henry/) -- October 20, 2018

(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Screen-Shot-2018-10-19-at-9.46.31-PM-879x485.png)
The Oct. 19 launch of BepiColombo was Arianespace's seventh mission of the year and the 101st launch of an Ariane 5 rocket. Credit: Arianespace video still.

WASHINGTON -- A Mercury-bound science mission from the European and Japanese space agencies began a seven-year journey to the Solar System's smallest planet Oct. 19 aboard and Ariane 5 rocket.

The BepiColombo mission took off from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana at 9:45 p.m. Eastern, marking the beginning of a 9-billion kilometer trip to the closest planet to the Sun.

BepiColombo's four parts -- two science orbiters, their carrier unit and a sunshield -- separated as one 4,100-kilogram payload from the Ariane 5's upper stage 27 minutes after liftoff. ESA confirmed signal acquisition shortly after separation from the Arianespace-operated launcher.

The spacecraft now begins a journey that includes nine planetary flybys for gravitational assists -- one of Earth, two of Venus and six by Mercury -- in order to safely arrive in orbit around the planet.
A direct trajectory to Mercury would give BepiColombo too much speed to not succumb to the sun's gravity.

Once in Mercury's orbit, BepiColombo's carrier spacecraft will release the two orbiters, the European Space Agency's Mercury Planetary Orbiter, and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, to begin a one-year science mission.

BepiColombo is JAXA's first joint mission with ESA, and both space agencies' first mission to Mercury. The science mission builds on research from Mercury's only two science missions: NASA's Mariner 10, which performed three fly-bys in 1974 and 1975, and NASA's Messenger, which orbited from 2011 to 2015 before crashing into the rocky planet's surface.

ESA member states almost cancelled BepiColombo after the mission, which began in 2000, grew too large to fit in a Soyuz rocket, requiring a more expensive Ariane 5 to continue. In 2009 ESA approved the redesigned mission, featuring systems optimized for the extreme temperatures near Mercury, despite the increased cost.

Once at Mercury, ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter will study the surface of the planet using a suite of 11 instruments. JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, equipped with five instruments, will study the planet's magnetosphere and its interactions with the sun.

Airbus Defence and Space is the prime contractor for ESA's part of BepiColombo, having led a team of 83 companies from 16 countries in building the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, the carrier module and sunshield. Japan-based NEC Corp. led an industrial team in building JAXA's spacecraft.

Manufacturers for BepiColomobo had to build unique technologies, such British company QinetiQ's new, highly efficient electric propulsion system to slow the spacecraft, and German manufacturer Azur Space's solar cells capable of generating power while enduring higher than normal temperatures.

Temperatures around Mercury range from 450 to -180 degrees Celsius (around 850 to -300 degrees Fahrenheit). Johannes Benkhoff, BepiColombo mission scientist at ESA, said 80 percent of the materials for BepiColombo needed to be specially qualified to ensure they could survive the mission.

BepiColombo is named after the late professor Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo, from the University of Padua, Italy, who studied Mercury and suggested NASA fly its Mariner 10 orbiter by Venus for a gravity-assist Venus, enabling the spacecraft to fly by Mercury three times.

BepiColombo is scheduled to arrive at Mercury in December 2025 and begin its science mission in 2026. Benkhoff said a decision will have to be made whether to fund the mission for an additional year. Though current plans call for a single year of research, the spacecraft are designed to operate in a research mode for two years, he said.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:43:12
ЦитатаBepiColombo liftoff

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 19 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6Aj6Ht8Ozohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6Aj6Ht8Ozo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6Aj6Ht8Ozo) (1:44)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.10.2018 07:44:58
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 16 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1053502590753951744)

Thanks for watching our launch into #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) today! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f604.png) Right now I'm getting used to my star-trackers (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50d.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2728.png) Later on today I'll deploy my medium-gain antenna (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e2.png) & @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) hopes to test out the selfie-cams(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png) #StayTuned (https://twitter.com/hashtag/StayTuned?src=hash) #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 22.10.2018 12:37:37
LEOP официально завершится через пару часов. Если коротко, то все в порядке с аппаратом.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:07:07
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5698359
Цитата20 ОКТ, 05:00 Обновлено 05:24
Во Франции запустили ракету Ariane-5 с аппаратами для исследования Меркурия

ТАСС, 20 октября. Европейская ракета-носитель тяжелого класса Ariane-5 успешно стартовала в пятницу вечером с космодрома Гвианского космического центра (ГКЦ) во Французской Гвиане. В космос она выводит аппараты исследовательской миссии BepiColombo, которая подготовлена Европейским космическим агентством (ESA) совместно с Японским агентством аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA) для изучения Меркурия. Трансляцию старта в прямом эфире на своем сайте вело JAXA (http://global.jaxa.jp/news/2018/#news13233).

Запуск с третьей стартовой площадки ГКЦ в Куру произведен в пятницу в 22:45 по местному времени (20 октября, 04:45 мск). На борту ракеты - три космических аппарата миссии BepiColombo, которым предстоит направиться к Меркурию для комплексного исследования первой от Солнца планеты. "Аппараты будут путешествовать вместе - трансферный модуль будет нести два научных орбитальных аппарата, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия", - сообщили в ESA.

В ESA сообщили, что запуск ракеты-носителя прошел успешно. По его сведениям, трансферный модуль, который несет два научных орбитальных аппарата, отделился от ракеты на высоте более 1 тыс. км над поверхностью Земли и продолжил движение по заданной траектории к Меркурию.
Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями ESA и JAXA. Задачей аппаратов станет всестороннее изучение ближайшей к Солнцу планеты и окружающего пространства, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Ряд научных приборов, установленных на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании двух спектрометров, предназначенных для изучения элементного состава поверхности Меркурия и для исследования экзосферы планеты.

Модуль будет двигаться по сложной траектории, используя сочетание солнечной и электрической энергии, а также девять гравитационных маневров возле Земли, Венеры и Меркурия. В ESA рассчитывают, что аппараты миссии BepiColombo могут проработать на орбите Меркурия год. За это время должны быть собраны данные о химическом составе меркурианской поверхности, проведено исследование магнитного поля планеты и осуществлен поиск льда ее полюсах.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:10:42
https://www.roscosmos.ru/25631/
ЦитатаИКИ РАН. «БепиКоломбо» стартовал к Меркурию
20.10.2018 14:46

20 октября 2018 года в 01:45:28 GMT (или 04:45:28 мск) с космодрома Куру успешно стартовала ракета-носитель «Ариан-5», которая вывела в космос аппараты европейско-японской миссии «БепиКоломбо» по исследованию Меркурия. В научной программе проекта принимают непосредственное участие российские исследователи; четыре прибора в составе комплексов научной аппаратуры были полностью или частично созданы в России.

Радиосигнал от «БепиКоломбо», подтверждающий, что запуск был успешным, был принят в 02:21 GMT (05:21 мск).

Ян Вёрнер (Jan Woerner), генеральный директор Европейского космического агентства (ESA), поздравил всех участников с успешным запуском и подчеркнул значимость проекта для сотрудничества ESA и Японского аэрокосмического исследовательского агентства (JAXA), а также для развития международного сотрудничества в целом. В проекте также принимают участие партнеры из США и России.

В Институте космических исследований РАН (http://www.iki.rssi.ru/) создан один из научных приборов -- Меркурианский гамма- и нейтронный спектрометр (МГНС). Он предназначен для регистрации гамма-излучения и нейтронов, которые рождаются в грунте Меркурия под действием космических лучей. По этой информации можно восстановить состав поверхности Меркурия до глубины примерно 2 метра, а также определить, есть ли в грунте летучие соединения, в первую очередь водяной лёд. Хотя планета находится очень близко к Солнцу, в вечно затенённых областях полярных кратеров могут сохраняться молекулы воды или водяной лёд, попавший туда из-за падений комет. Научный руководитель эксперимента -- д.ф.-м.н. Игорь Митрофанов, руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии ИКИ.

Ещё три прибора: ультрафиолетовый спектрометр ФЕБУС (PHEBUS), камера наблюдения в лучах натрия МСАСИ (MSASI) и плазменный комплекс СЕРЕНА (SERENA) -- созданы с участием российских исследователей. В отделе физики планет были созданы входной оптический блок с системой наведения прибора в заданном направлении для прибора ФЕБУС и блок оптико-механической развертки для получения изображения для камеры МСАСИ; научный со-руководитель этих экспериментов с российской стороны -- член-корреспондент РАН Олег Кораблёв, руководитель отдела. В комплекс СЕРЕНА включен Панорамный энерго-масс-спектрометр положительно заряженных ионов ПИКАМ, также созданный с участием ИКИ. Руководитель эксперимента с российской стороны д.ф.-м.н. Олег Вайсберг, главный научный сотрудник отдела физики космической плазмы.
«БепиКоломбо» -- третья специальная миссия к Меркурию в истории человечества после аппаратов NASA Mariner--10 (пролёты Меркурия в 1974-75 гг.) и MESSENGER (работал на орбите планеты в 2011-2015 гг.). Её задачи -- всесторонне изучить саму планету, её поверхность, внутреннюю структуру, атмосферу и экзосферу, а также магнитное поле и его взаимодействие с солнечным ветром. Эти данные помогут ответить на вопросы, как образовался Меркурий и почему он во многом сильно отличается от других планет земной группы.

Чтобы провести такие комплексные исследования, в миссию было включено два аппарата с немного разными задачами. Первый, более тяжёлый, -- Меркурианский планетный орбитальный аппарат (Mercury Planetary Orbiter, MPO) разработки ESA. Он будет находиться на достаточно низкой орбите и почти всегда «смотреть» на поверхность планеты. Второй -- Меркурианский магнитосферный орбитальный аппарат (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, MMO), созданный в JAXA. MMO нацелен на исследования магнитосферы Меркурия и его плазменного окружения; его орбита более вытянута и пересекает различные области магнитосферы, а также выходит за её пределы, в область солнечного ветра.

Сложность полёта и работы у Меркурия определяется в первую очередь его близостью к Солнцу. «БепиКоломбо» придётся специально замедляться, чтобы выйти на стабильную орбиту вокруг планеты. Для этого будут использоваться ионные двигатели -- одна из технологических «новинок» миссии. Другая трудность -- поток солнечной радиации около Меркурия гораздо больше, чем у Земли. Чтобы не дать аппаратуре перегреться, используются специальные покрытия. Кроме этого, солнечные батареи MPO будут периодически «отворачиваться», а аппарат MMO будет постоянно вращаться, чтобы не перегреть одну из сторон.

Во время запуска и на этапе перелёта оба аппарата соединены в единую конструкцию с помощью меркурианского перелётного модуля MTM (Mercury Transfer Module) разработки ESA. От перегрева во время перелёта MMO защищает тепловой экран MOSIF (MMO Sunshield and Interface Structure), который будет отброшен после разделения аппаратов у Меркурия.

Сейчас «БепиКоломбо» находится на околоземной орбите, проходит тестирование его аппаратуры. Через три дня ожидается выведение на траекторию межпланетного перелёта, который займёт семь лет и потребует девять гравитационных манёвров у Земли, Венеры и самого Меркурия. Предположительно, во время гравитационных манёвров у Венеры часть приборов «БепиКоломбо» будут включены, чтобы исследовать и вторую планету от Солнца.

«БепиКоломбо» (BepiColombo) -- совместный проект Европейского космического агентства (ESA) и Японского аэрокосмического агентства (JAXA) при ведущей роли ESA по изучению Меркурия с орбиты его искусственного спутника.[

Проект получил название в честь итальянского математика и инженера, профессора университета Падуи Джузеппе Коломбо (Giuseppe Colombo, 1920-84), имя которого неразрывно связано с историей изучения Меркурия. Джузеппе, или, как его называли, «Бепи», Коломбо математически объяснил, почему вращение Меркурия синхронизировано с его обращением вокруг Солнца таким образом, что за два прохода по орбите (два меркурианских года) он делает три оборота вокруг своей оси. Именно он предложил NASA использовать гравитационные манёвры у Венеры в проекте Mariner 10 по изучению Меркурия с пролётной траектории (три пролёта в 1974-75 гг.).

Российские ученые принимают участие в научной программе миссии; четыре прибора в составе научной аппаратуры обоих аппаратов создаются при участии или полностью в Институте космических исследований РАН, российские исследователи выступают как руководители и со-руководители экспериментов.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:18:27
https://www.airbus.com/content/dam/corporate-topics/publications/press-release/Press-Release-SPACE-SYSTEMS-20102018-EN.pdf
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89207)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89208)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:21:57
ЦитатаBepiColombo launch highlights

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 20 окт. 2018 г.

Highlights from the days up to and including the exciting launch of the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t4vtR7t9D8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t4vtR7t9D8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t4vtR7t9D8) (2:13)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 22.10.2018 13:28:17
Рупорная антенна, в данный момент управляется бортом и используется для связи 
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_images_medium-gain_antenna

Антенна с узкой ДН. Раскрыта, проверена, будет использоваться позже - сейчас ее всё равно использовать нельзя. Да и нет смысла
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_images_high-gain_antenna
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:28:32
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/20/ariane-5-launches-two-satellites-on-7-year-voyage-to-mercury/
ЦитатаAriane 5 launches two satellites on 7-year voyage to Mercury
October 20, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/) | William Harwood (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/bill-harwood/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/VA245-Decollage-champ-large_008.jpg)
Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Photo Optique Video du CSG - JM Guillon

A powerful European Ariane 5 rocket blasted off fr om French Guiana late Friday and boosted a pair of satellites into space for a seven-year plunge into the inner solar system, a voyage requiring seven planetary flybys to slow down enough in the sun's gravitational clutches to slip into orbit around hellish Mercury.

The $1.9 billion BepiColombo project is only the second, after NASA's MESSENGER mission, to attempt putting a spacecraft into orbit around the solar system's innermost planet, one of the most technically challenging missions ever attempted by the European Space Agency and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA.

The Ariane 5 rocket, the most powerful in Europe's inventory and one of the most reliable heavy-lift boosters in the world, thundered to life at 9:45 p.m. EDT (GMT-4; 10:45 p.m. local time) and majestically climbed away from the Guiana Space Center on the northern coast of South America.

Lighting up the European space base for dozens of miles around, the rocket arced away to the east over the Atlantic Ocean atop a brilliant jet of flame from its two solid-fuel boosters, rapidly accelerating as it burned through five tons of propellant per second.

"It was fantastic!" Johannes Benkhoff, the BepiColombo project scientist said after taking in his first launch. "I've never seen that before, and it was great. It was like a big fireball going through the sky, it was really nice."

The climb to space went smoothly and 27 minutes after liftoff, ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, both attached to an ESA-supplied carrier spacecraft known as the Mercury Transfer Module, were released from the Ariane 5's upper stage to fly on their own.

"Arianespace is delighted to announce that BepiColombo (is) on its targeted escape orbit and is now on its way towards Mercury," said Stéphane Israël, chief executive officer of Arianespace. "Today's new success marks the beginning of a seven-year trip for BepiColombo, taking advantage of gravitational assistance from Earth, Venus and Mercury. What an exciting journey!"
While it may seem counterintuitive, it will require more energy to reach Mercury -- a change in velocity of 11.5 miles per second -- than it did for NASA's New Horizon's probe to reach distant Pluto.

The transfer module carrying the two satellites is equipped with ion thrusters and more traditional liquid-fueled rocket engines. But the lion's share of the needed energy will come from planetary flybys, using the gravity of Earth, Venus and Mercury to help shape the trajectory and put the brakes on, slowing the BepiColombo spacecraft enough to achieve orbit around Mercury.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/BepiColombo_stack_20181008_625.jpg)
The BepiColombo spacecraft is pictured in launch configuratin shortly before stacking atop the Ariane 5 rocket in French Guiana. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Photo Optique Video du CSG - S. Martin

The trip inward doesn't actually begin until April 2020 when the BepiColombo spacecraft races past Earth, using the planet's gravity to bend the trajectory onto a course carrying the satellites toward Venus. Two Venus flybys are planned, one in late 2020 and the other in August 2021, to deflect the trajectory toward Mercury.

But that's still not enough to do the job. Six flybys of Mercury are required over the next four years to slow the spacecraft down enough to be captured by the planet's relatively feeble gravity.

That milestone will occur in December 2025 when ESA's MPO satellite and JAXA's MMO, by then released from the carrier spacecraft, settle into different orbits around Mercury's poles.

"The cruise will be just above seven years," said ESA Project Manager Ulrich Reininghaus. "We will fly by the Earth (once), two times Venus and six times Mercury itself before we come into the orbit, which allows us to capture with the small gravity of planet Mercury against the big sun.

"That means when we fly, we constantly brake against the sun," he said. "When you fly toward the most heavy element (of the solar system) you constantly accelerate. We don't want that. That's why we decelerate."

The MPO satellite's orbit will have a low point of about 300 miles and a high point of some 930 miles. JAXA's MMO will orbit at a higher altitude, ranging up to 7,200 miles above the surface.

Once on station, the spacecraft will have to endure blistering 660-degree temperatures at Mercury's average distance of 37 million miles from the sun.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/web.space_.spaceesploration.bepicolombo.jpg)
Artist's concept of the BepiColombo spacecraft. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space

"Mercury is three times closer to the sun and therefore the radiation and the heat we're getting from Mercury is 10 times higher," said Benkhoff. "So everything ... had to withstand the higher temperatures, but also the higher radiation doses, which we got from the solar wind. And for that, we need special insulation of our spacecraft, special materials for the antenna, for the solar panels. That was a very big challenge."

Only two other spacecraft have ever visited Mercury and only one of them went into orbit.

NASA's Mariner 10 was the first spacecraft to make the trip, flying past the planet three times in 1974 and 1975 and collecting the first close-up photos and other data at altitudes as low as 200 miles. Mariner 10 also was the first interplanetary spacecraft to utilize gravitational assist flybys, a procedure that quickly become commonplace.

NASA's Messenger spacecraft, launched in 2004, reached orbit around Mercury in 2011 and spent four years studying the planet's surface and space environment with a suite of sophisticated instruments. While extremely successful, scientists still have major unanswered questions.

Enter BepiColombo, named after Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo, an Italian mathematician and engineer who figured out that Mercury rotated on its axis three times for every two orbits of the sun and suggested how gravity assist might be used to reach the planet,

ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter carries 11 instruments, including cameras, spectrometers, a radiometer, laser altimeter, magnetometer and others will focus on the planet's surface and internal composition.

JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter is equipped with five instruments, including a magnetometer, ion spectrometer, electron energy analyzer, plasma detectors and a camera. It is designed to map out the planet's magnetic field and its interactions with the sun.

Among the questions scientists hope to answer are:

-Mercury has a higher overall density than any other terrestrial world. Why?
-Is the planet's core at least partially liquid or solid throughout?
-Is the planet tectonically active?
-How does such a small planet maintain an intrinsic magnetic field, and how does it interact with the solar wind?
-Iron is presumably the major constituent of Mercury, but it is not seen in spectroscopic analysis. Why?
-Do permanently shadowed craters near Mercury's poles hold reservoirs of ice or sulphur?
-What produces a thin "exosphere" around the planet?

"Studying Mercury is crucial to better understand the formation of our solar system, how Earth formed and evolved and wh ere we are coming from," said Benkhoff.

BepiColombo, he said, will help scientists "understand the nature of the planet itself."

"We want to characterize the surface, what material is on the surface, we'd like to measure temperatures, we'd like to see the interaction with the solar wind, which is special on Mercury because it is so close to the sun," he said. "Mercury has a magnetic field, which is like Earth's, a dynamo field. We would like to understand that."

Once in orbit, the BepiColombo orbiters are expected to collect data for one year with a possible one-year mission extension.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:41:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg)ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 12:14 (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1053726057822597120) - 20 окт. 2018 г.

After a long first day in #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash), our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) returns its first #space (https://twitter.com/hashtag/space?src=hash) #selfie (https://twitter.com/hashtag/selfie?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f933.png)http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_s_first_image_from_space2 ... (https://t.co/Ph30jvkTfj)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dp-WQ89WoAANpGt.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:45:34
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 9:11 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054042615124017153) - 21 окт. 2018 г.

More brilliant #SpaceSelfies (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SpaceSelfies?src=hash) came down this afternoon from our l'il buddy @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)! Teams at mission control very impressed with how good these turned out #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) Follow link for details http://fal.cn/Ss0n  (https://t.co/BsAJVaEX17)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqC2KmcW4AA0ab-.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqC2K6wWkAAuoO-.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:50:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 11:12 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054072888410685440) - 21 окт. 2018 г.

If you're a clever radio hobbiest, like Bertrand Pinel, living near Castelnaudary (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f1eb-1f1f7.png), and you've got a 3.5m dish antenna (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png) bought surplus from @CNES (https://twitter.com/CNES) plus some electronic gear from @eBay (https://twitter.com/eBay) in your garden, you, too, can grab radio signals from @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo). Well done, Bertrand!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqDRrSsWsAEHB9a.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqDRrzAXgAACq10.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqDRsUyX4AQc6lT.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqDRs5mX0AApDUn.jpg)
11:19 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054074756687900673) - 21 окт. 2018 г.

Bertrand Pinel acquired @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) X-band signals on 20.10 with his 3.5m dish antenna. He plans to use his Ka-band receiver later, too! Bertrand has previously monitored signals from @NASAJuno (https://twitter.com/NASAJuno) #MarsExporess (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsExporess?src=hash) & @ESA_Rosetta (https://twitter.com/ESA_Rosetta) Great work!! #bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqDTZzYWkAA4LJz.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:52:36
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg)ESA Science‏Подлинная учетная запись @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 11 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1054306503061049344)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s transfer module @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) has three "selfie-cams" - each have sent their first images of the spacecraft's deployed antennas and solar arrays. Find out more: http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_s_first_images_from_space ... (https://t.co/6xPnCk2vtZ) #infographic (https://twitter.com/hashtag/infographic?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqGmIoZX0AE9TV7.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 12:55:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054308677371547648)

All is well with Earth's newest interplanetary explorer(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png). @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s Cebreros Deep Space tracking station(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)in Spain captured the spacecraft's most recent pass 3-hrs ago, when #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) was 748,310 km away, with a "Round Trip Light Time"(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4a1.png)of 4.99 secs http://ospms.ha.ops.esa.int:8080/#/2018-10;station=CEB;detail=live ... (https://t.co/y1cSKYX3xy)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqGoJbCXcAATYGO.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 16:38:09
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054364480455479301)

Today, just 57hrs after liftoff, the critical first segment of @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo)'s voyage to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) came to an end! #ESOC (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESOC?src=hash) declared the critical 'launch & early orbit phase' complete. We celebrated by adding #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) to the history wall in the control room http://fal.cn/Shp4  (https://t.co/ZUtwLU8SE0)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqHa4moW4AAtkOM.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqHa49tX4AU-aaN.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqHa5TAX0AAHZo-.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqHa54BXcAE6e-y.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 16:51:39
НОРАД зарегистрировал два объекта запуска
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89209)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 18:39:21
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/BepiColombo_s_beginning_ends
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_som_elsa_montagnon/17830308-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_SOM_Elsa_Montagnon_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2 018/10/BepiColombo_SOM_Elsa_Montagnon)
Elsa Montagnon

BEPICOLOMBO'S BEGINNING ENDS

22 October 2018
A stunning early morning launch lifted the ESA/JAXA BepiColombo spacecraft into space on Saturday, 20 October. This marked the start of intensive, round-the-clock flight control activities to ensure the mission's health and functioning in the harsh environment of space.

At 13:45CEST on Monday 22 October, just 58 hours into its mission, the critical first segment of the fledgeling satellite's long voyage to Mercury was wrapped up, as teams at ESA's mission control centre declared the critical 'launch and early orbit phase' complete.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_liftoff3/17826581-3-eng-GB/BepiColombo_liftoff_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_liftoff3)
BepiColombo liftoff

The end of the beginning now beckons months of extensive in-orbit commissioning activities, in which operations teams will work extended hours daily until the end of December, performing tests to ensure the health of BepiColombo's science instruments, its propulsion and other systems.

"Lots of people think you point a spacecraft in a particular direction and off it goes, making its own way to its final destination," says Elsa Montagnon, Spacecraft Operations Manager for BepiColombo.

"In reality, the post-launch period is extremely busy, and so, too, is the long interplanetary cruise."

"In the next months, teams on ground will be working in 12-hour shifts, including weekends, to get the spacecraft on the right path to the smallest planet of our Solar System."

All systems GO

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_flight_operations_director_andrea_accomazzo/17830161-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_Flight_Operations_Director_Andrea_Accomazzo_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_Flight_Operations_Director_Andrea_Accomazzo)
Andrea Accomazzo

In the hours before Saturday's liftoff, the Main Control Room of ESA's ESOC operations centre was centre stage for the network countdown -- a synchronised sequence involving facilities at ESOC, Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, and at ground stations on four continents supporting the launch.

The final GO/NOGO rollcall (https://soundcloud.com/esa/bepicolombo) saw Flight Director Andrea Accomazzo check in with the flight controllers at ESOC, each confirming they were "go for launch".

Shortly after, at 3:45 CEST on 20 October, BepiColombo hitched a ride into space on top of an Ariane 5 rocket, which provided a flawless orbit injection onto the planned interplanetary transfer trajectory.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/separation_after_launch2/17404149-2-eng-GB/Separation_after_launch_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/Separation_after_launch2)
Separation after launch

Booster separation came just two minutes later, as the Ariane 5's two solid rocket boosters detached themselves from the core stage; later, BepiColombo began its solo flight upon separation from the Ariane upper stage at around 4:12 CEST.

"Years of planning, and months of training and simulations led up to these fast-paced and vital moments," recalls Elsa.

"Even after a successful liftoff and separation, we couldn't relax. Everyone was waiting for the moment we heard BepiColombo's first call, what we call the 'Acquisition of Signal'."

At 04:20 CEST, ESA's deep space tracking station at New Norcia, Western Australia, picked up these first signals, followed by a rush of 'telemetry' -- real-time status information and data -- which was the first chance teams on the ground had to verify how the spacecraft was adapting to its new environment.

Next stop, Mercury

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_s_first_image_from_space/17828361-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_s_first_image_from_space_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_s_first_image_from_space)
BepiColombo's first image from space

Since then, BepiColombo has not only communicated bundles of engineering telemetry, but its Mercury Transfer Module has also sent home spectacular images from a series of three low-resolution monitoring cameras, known as the "Selfie-cams."

These images (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_s_first_space_selfies) allowed flight controllers to visually verify the correct deployment of solar arrays and antennas.

Having worked around the clock since the launch of this remarkable mission, teams at ESA's control centre in Germany are tired, but happy.

"The launch and early orbit phase was a huge success, but now comes seven years of complex operations as BepiColombo travels nine billion km to the innermost planet of the Solar System," explains Paolo Ferri, Head of Mission Operations at ESA.

"The first ion thruster 'operational arc' will begin in mid-December, steering BepiColombo on its interplanetary trajectory."

In an 'operational arc', the spacecraft's ion thruster runs at low energies for extended periods of hours and days, as opposed to traditional, high-energy chemical thruster burns that run for just minutes or hours. The benefit of an arc is it provides the same acceleration with less fuel mass.

Paolo continues, "With the combined experience from experts in operations, flight dynamics, mission data systems and deep space ground stations, BepiColombo could not be in more reliable hands."
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 22.10.2018 19:48:29
О, снова мои фото :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 22.10.2018 20:59:23
PIN, а Вы публикуйте их здесь сами, от первого лица!  :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 22.10.2018 22:11:41
Цитатаzandr пишет:
PIN , а Вы публикуйте их здесь сами, от первого лица!
Не положено. Да и нет смысла - если фото или видео распространяется через официальные каналы, то их видят на 2-3 порядка больше людей. Мне остается лишь пленочный неформат, его публикации согласую
(https://farm4.staticflickr.com/3723/13743724684_2fc0c53bd2_k.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.10.2018 10:10:02
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 5 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1054557311635779584)

The BepiColombo space probe and the Ariane L5105 ESC-A stage are now one million km from the Earth, in the outer reaches of the Earth-Moon system
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.10.2018 13:56:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1054651909431353344)

All is well with Earth's newest interplanetary explorer. @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa)'s #Malargüe (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Malarg%C3%BCe?src=hash) #DeepSpace (https://twitter.com/hashtag/DeepSpace?src=hash) tracking station(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)in Argentina captured #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)most recent 'pass', when the #spacecraft (https://twitter.com/hashtag/spacecraft?src=hash) were 1,049,274 km away, with a "Round Trip Light Time"of 7 seconds(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f526.png) http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/Estrack/Malarguee_-_DSA_3 ... (https://t.co/mKBof2NZCC)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DqLeu0VWsAAHMIJ.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.10.2018 15:07:24
http://global.jaxa.jp/press/2018/10/20181020_mmo.html
Цитата
Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter MIO / BepiColombo Launch Results
October 20, 2018 (JST)

National Research and Development Agency
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) launched BepiColombo* at 10:45:28 p.m., local time in French Guinea, October 19, 2018. (10:45 a.m., Japan Time, October 20, 2018 ) JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MIO) and the ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) were both launched as a single composite mission spacecraft aboard Ariane 5 from the Kourou Space Centre, French Guinea.

The Ariane 5 flight proceeded nominally. About 26 minutes 47 seconds into flight, Ariane 5 separated the payload as expected.

JAXA expresses sincere gratitude for all on behalf of the BepiColombo launch.

* BepiColombo is a leading, collaborative mission to Mercury between Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the European Space Agency (ESA). Dedicated to extensive observations of Mercury, the mission employs two spacecraft - Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MIO) provided by JAXA and Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), by the ESA.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: BlackMokona от 23.10.2018 22:57:36
Может кто нибуть подсказать?
Есть ли где в инете подробная спецификация полетного плана BepiColombo: параметры орбит до и после каждого гравитационного маневра, длительность включения ионных двигателей итд.
Ни на сайте ESA ни где еще не могу найти.
Заранее благодарю
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 24.10.2018 09:40:04
ЦитатаBlackMokona пишет:
Есть ли где в инете подробная спецификация полетного плана BepiColombo:
Если найдете в сети текущую версию CReMA, то да  :)
Устаревшая вот, например https://www.academia.edu/20167923/BepiColombo_Mercury_cornerstone_Consolidated_REport_on_Mission_Analysis
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: BlackMokona от 24.10.2018 09:06:55
ЦитатаPIN пишет:
ЦитатаBlackMokona пишет:
Есть ли где в инете подробная спецификация полетного плана BepiColombo:
Если найдете в сети текущую версию CReMA, то да  :)  
Устаревшая вот, например https://www.academia.edu/20167923/BepiColombo_Mercury_cornerstone_Consolidated_REport_on_Mission_Analysis
Спасибо за инфу и наводку.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.10.2018 06:48:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1055303111525457920)

BepiColombo is now 1.6 million km from Earth - it has left the Earth-Moon system and is now in solar orbit.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.10.2018 18:13:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/961392453315104769/xR7iPwMv_bigger.jpg)Jake Robins‏ @JakeOnOrbit (https://twitter.com/JakeOnOrbit) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JakeOnOrbit/status/1055456911737348098)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s incredible trajectory. (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f3a5.png) NASA/JPL-Caltech/Horizons/Phoenix7777

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DqW8cMzXQAEsz_X.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DqW8cMzXQAEsz_X.mp4) (0:21 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DqW8cMzXQAEsz_X.mp4))
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.10.2018 23:30:53
ЦитатаArianespace Flight VA245 / Behind the Scenes of the Dream

arianespace (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRn9F2D9j-t4A-HgudM7aLQ)

Опубликовано: 25 окт. 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yC63y76o1hchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yC63y76o1hc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yC63y76o1hc) (0:59)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 30.10.2018 17:47:26
О российских приборах на сабже:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s)
ЦитатаКосмическая среда №207 от 24 октября 2018
Телестудия Роскосмоса (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOcpUgXosMCIlOsreUfNFiA)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s) (первый сюжет)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l4rOv4K084&t=2s)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.11.2018 19:36:03
Цитата«БепиКоломбо»: миссия на Меркурий

Телестудия Роскосмоса (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOcpUgXosMCIlOsreUfNFiA)

Опубликовано: 9 нояб. 2018 г.

В конце октября российские научные приборы отправились к Меркурию в составе третьей космической автоматической миссии «БепиКоломбо». Созданные в Институте космических исследований РАН аппараты помогут учёным выяснить - есть ли на Меркурии вода.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oT24ZbV7xQkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oT24ZbV7xQk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oT24ZbV7xQk) (2:43)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.11.2018 21:04:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 29 окт. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1056900013794750465)

A week after launch we've off-pointed @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s arrays from 0 to 54º away from the Sun and of course, there are photos from one of the onboard monitoring cameras! #bepicolombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/bepicolombo?src=hash) #selfie (https://twitter.com/hashtag/selfie?src=hash) Gif & individual frames available via the gallery: (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) http://ow.ly/8ypi30mpAoN  (https://t.co/91jHrHy2us)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dqrc8qgXQAAO0u7.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dqrc8qgXQAAO0u7.mp4) (0:10)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.11.2018 21:06:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 29 окт. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1056901465669861376)

Soon after launch, the arrays were pointed straight at the Sun to maximise the amount of power obtained, but we don't need so much power right now, so to slow down natural degradation of the solar cells, we can tilt them away...


29 окт. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1056901467142057984)

...Our biggest power consumer will be @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s electric propulsion system, but we're not using that right now. Later in the mission, closer to the Sun, we'll off-point the arrays to avoid over-heating (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.11.2018 21:08:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 6 нояб. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1059835252305203203)

On Sunday we did a one-off "solar array drive run-in" rotation of @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s solar arrays to clean the solar array drive mechanism... & at the same time saw the beautiful details on the back side of the array! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Image, #gif (https://twitter.com/hashtag/gif?src=hash) & info: http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/11/Back_of_BepiColombo_s_solar_arrays ... (https://t.co/49ARkP0OEc)
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DrVKiy1WsAA1ZXe.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 14.11.2018 10:34:08
Цитатаtnt22 пишет:
clean the solar array drive mechanism
Точнее, контактные дорожки токосьемников и датчиков.

Цитатаtnt22 пишет:
В конце октября российские научные приборы отправились к Меркурию в составе третьей космической автоматической миссии «БепиКоломбо».
Включение МГНС на этой неделе, ребята из ИКИ уже на месте.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.11.2018 17:58:22
ЦитатаНа борту летящего к Меркурию зонда протестировали российский прибор
17:51 15.11.2018 (обновлено: 17:52 15.11.2018)

МОСКВА, 15 ноя -- РИА Новости. Проведено тестовое включение российского прибора на борту летящего к Меркурию космического аппарата BepiColombo Европейского космического агентства, замечаний к работе нет, сообщается на сайте Института космических исследований.

"Все узлы и системы прибора МГНС (Меркурианский гамма- и нейтронный спектрометр -- ред.) работают штатно, замечаний нет. Были проведены первые летные калибровки детекторов прибора, получены данные о фоновых потоках гамма-лучей и нейтронов на борту космического аппарата", -- говорится в сообщении.

Включение было проведено 15 ноября из Центра управления полетом в Дармштадте.

BepiColombo -- совместный проект Европейского космического агентства и Японского аэрокосмического агентства. Миссия была выведена в космос 20 октября 2018 года и переведена на траекторию полета к Меркурию. Она включает два аппарата: "Меркурианский планетный орбитальный аппарат" и "Меркурианский магнитосферный орбитальный аппарат".

Прибор МГНС создан в Институте космических исследований РАН по заказу госкорпорации "Роскосмос".

Прибор предназначен для регистрации гамма-лучей и нейтронов от поверхности Меркурия. Целями исследований в этом эксперименте являются измерение элементного состава поверхности Меркурия и изучение полярных ледников планеты. Кроме того, прибор будет регистрировать вспышки на Солнце с расстояния орбиты Меркурия: аппарат приблизится к Солнцу на расстояние 46 миллионов километров, что примерно в три раза меньше расстояния до Земли.

Полет к Меркурию будет продолжаться около 7 лет, прибытие ожидается в декабре 2025 года.


РИА Новости https://ria.ru/science/20181115/1532886672.html
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.11.2018 14:20:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 0:27 (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1063347863638474752) - 16 нояб. 2018 г.

Big day for @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) - we're getting ready to start up the Solar Electric Propulsion System, with different aspects of the four-thruster system to be checked out in the week ahead. #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: кукушка от 05.12.2018 14:12:51
На аппаратах, отправленных для изучения Меркурия, прошли первые испытания приборов (https://hi-news.ru/research-development/na-apparatax-otpravlennyx-dlya-izucheniya-merkuriya-proshli-pervye-ispytaniya-priborov.html)
,,,
Впервые устройства были протестированы еще 22 октября. Тогда их включили на 25 минут и разблокировали систему наведения PHEBUS, а 3 декабря уже была испытана и сама система наведения PHEBUS, а также открыта крышка камеры одного из сенсоров, работающего в экстремальном ультрафиолетовом диапазоне. Стоит заметить, что во время межпланетного перелета все устройства защищены тепловым экраном MOSIF, поэтому возможности взаимодействия довольно сильно ограничены, однако имеющиеся данные говорят о том, что все приборы работают без каких-либо неполадок.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.12.2018 17:29:32
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/BepiColombo_now_firing_on_all_cylinders
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_approaching_mercury5/17405293-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_approaching_Mercury5)
BepiColombo approaching Mercury

BEPICOLOMBO NOW FIRING ON ALL CYLINDERS

5 December 2018
BepiColombo, the joint ESA/JAXA spacecraft on a mission to Mercury, is now firing its thrusters for the first time in flight.

On Sunday, BepiColombo carried out the first successful manoeuver using two of its four electric propulsion thrusters. After more than a week of testing which saw each thruster individually and meticulously put through its paces, the intrepid explorer is now one step closer to reaching the innermost planet of the Solar System.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/11/twin_ion_thrusters_firing/18897283-3-eng-GB/Twin_ion_thrusters_firing_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/11/Twin_ion_thrusters_firing)
Twin ion thrusters firing

BepiColombo left Earth on 20 October 2018, and after the first few critical days in space and the initial weeks of in-orbit commissioning, its Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) is now revving up the high-tech ion thrusters.

The most powerful and high-performance electric propulsion system (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering_Technology/Electric_blue_thrusters_propelling_BepiColombo_to_Mercury) ever flown, these electric blue thrusters had not been tested in space until now.

It is these glowing power-packs that will propel the two science orbiters - the Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter - on the seven-year cruise to the least explored planet of the inner Solar System.

"Electric propulsion technology is very novel and extremely delicate," explains Elsa Montagnon, Spacecraft Operations Manager for BepiColombo.

"This means BepiColombo's four thrusters had to be thoroughly checked following the launch, by slowly turning each on, one by one, and closely monitoring their functioning and effect on the spacecraft."

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/10/bepicolombo_images_high-gain_antenna/17829234-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_images_high-gain_antenna_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/10/BepiColombo_images_high-gain_antenna)
BepiColombo images high-gain antenna

Testing took place during a unique window, in which BepiColombo remained in continuous view of ground-based antennas and communications between the spacecraft and those controlling it could be constantly maintained.

This was the only chance to check in detail the functioning of this fundamental part of the spacecraft, as when routine firing begins in mid-December, the position of the spacecraft will mean its antennas will not be pointing at Earth, making it less visible to operators at mission control.

The first fire

On 20 November at 11:33 UTC (12:33 CET), the first of BepiColombo's thrusters entered Thrust Mode with a force of 75 mN (millinewtons). With this BepiColombo was firing in space for the very first time.

Three hours later, the newly awakened thruster was really put through its paces as commands from mission control directed it to go full throttle, ramping up to 125mN - equivalent to holding an AAA battery at sea level.

This may not sound like much, but this thruster was now working at the maximum thrust planned to be used during the life of the mission.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2014/11/esa_malarguee_tracking_station/15562082-1-eng-GB/ESA_Malarguee_tracking_station_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2014/11/ESA_Malarguee_tracking_station)
ESA Malargüe tracking station

Thrust mode was maintained for five hours before BepiColombo transitioned back to Normal Mode. The entire time, ESA's Malargüe antenna in Argentina was in communication with the now glowing blue spacecraft - the colour of the plasma generated by the thruster as it burned through the xenon propellant.

These steps were then repeated for each of the other three thrusters over the next days, having only a tiny effect on BepiColombo's overall trajectory.

The small effects that were observed allowed the Flight Dynamics team to assess the thruster performance in precise detail: analysis of the first two firings reveals that the spacecraft was performing within 2% of its expected value. Analysis of the last two firings is ongoing.

Twenty-two arcs to go

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2017/07/004/1707_004_AR_EN.mp4)
Animation visualising BepiColombo's journey to Mercury
Access the video (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2017/07/Animation_visualising_BepiColombo_s_journey_to_Mercury)

"To see the thrusters working for the first time in space was an exciting moment and a big relief. BepiColombo's seven year trip to Mercury will include 22 ion thrust arcs - and we absolutely need healthy and well performing thrusters for this long trip," explains Paolo Ferri, ESA's Head of Operations.

"Each thruster burn arc will last for extended periods of up to two months, providing the same acceleration from less fuel compared to traditional, high-energy chemical burns that last for minutes or hours."

During each long-duration burn the engines do take eight hour pauses, once a week, to allow the ground to perform navigation measurements in quiet dynamic conditions.

The first routine electric propulsion thrust arc will begin in mid-December, steering BepiColombo on its interplanetary trajectory and optimising its orbit ahead of its swing-by of Earth in April 2020.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_earth_flyby/17404593-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_Earth_flyby_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_Earth_flyby)
BepiColombo Earth flyby

Travelling some nine billion kilometers in total, BepiColombo will take nine flybys at Earth, Venus and Mercury, looping around the Sun 18 times.

By late 2025 the transfer module's work will be done: it will separate, allowing the two science orbiters to be captured by Mercury's gravity, studying the planet and its environment, along with its interaction with the solar wind, from complementary orbits.

"We put our trust in the thrusters and they have not let us down. We are now on our way to Mercury with electro-mobility," concludes Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science.

"This brings us an important step closer to unlocking the secrets of the mysterious innermost planet and ultimately, the formation of our Solar System."

Follow ESA Operations on twitter for updates on BepiColombo's journey, as well as the latest from ESA's mission control.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.12.2018 17:35:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 5 дек. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1070294113445064704)

The first electric propulsion thrust arc will steer #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) on its interplanetary trajectory ahead of its flyby of Earth in April 2020. The seven year trip to Mercury will include 9 flybys (Earth x1, Venus x2, Mercury x6) & 22 ion thrust arcs!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DtpyedMXQAAEk09.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 06.12.2018 20:40:26
http://press.cosmos.ru/febus-i-msasi-testovye-vklyucheniya-proshli-shtatno
ЦитатаФЕБУС и МСАСИ: тестовые включения прошли штатно
Тестовые включения и проверки систем научных приборов ФЕБУС и МСАСИ на борту аппаратов миссии «БепиКоломбо» успешно завершились к 3 декабря. Оба прибора были созданы с участием сотрудников ИКИ РАН, научный соруководитель экспериментов ФЕБУС и МСАСИ с российской стороны -- д.ф.-м.н. Олег Кораблёв.
Ультрафиолетовый спектрометр ФЕБУС (PHEBUS, совместная разработка Франции, Италии, Японии и России) установлен на аппарате MPO (Меркурианский планетный орбитальный аппарат / Mercury Planetary Orbiter) -- одном из двух аппаратов миссии. Цель эксперимента ФЕБУС -- исследовать состав и динамику меркурианской экзосферы, очень разреженной газовой оболочки планеты. Диапазон длин волн, в котором работает спектрометр, 50-330 нм. Здесь находятся линии излучения водорода, кислорода, калия и кальция, а также инертных элементов гелия, ксенона и аргона.

Особенность прибора состоит в том, что его можно наводить в заданную точку. Благодаря этому можно оперативно проводить наблюдения разных областей, а также калибровать прибор по звёздам, чтобы количественно оценить возможную деградацию детекторов.
Вклад России -- входной оптический блок с системой наведения прибора в заданном направлении (в английских текстах его называют «сканер» -- scanner), созданный в отделе физики планет ИКИ РАН. Точность наведения -- лучше одного градуса.
ФЕБУС был впервые включен в тестовом режиме 22 октября 2018 года примерно на 25 минут, чтобы проверить основные показатели его функционирования. Тогда же была  разблокирована система наведения: во время старта её удерживало специальное устройство, чтобы предохранить прибор от действия сильных вибраций.
3 декабря состоялась второе тестовое включение ФЕБУС, когда была испытана система наведения прибора. По результатам проверки система наведения функционирует штатно. В этот же день была открыта крышка камеры одного из детекторов, работающего в экстремальном ультрафиолетовом диапазоне.
Второй прибор, также созданный с участием сотрудников отдела физикиа планет ИКИ -- камера наблюдения в лучах натрия МСАСИ (MSASI, совместная разработка Японии и России). Он установлена на втором аппарате миссии MMO (Меркурианский магнитосферный орбитальный аппарат / Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter).
Цель эксперимента -- определить, как в экзосфере Меркурия появляется натрий. Задача же МСАСИ состоит в том, чтобы предоставить информацию о распределении атомов натрия в пространстве и их температура. Чтобы восстановить эту «картинку», будет использовано, во-первых, собственное вращение аппарата, а во-вторых, одномерная развёртка специальным сканирующим устройством. Российский вклад в прибор -- блок оптико-механической развертки для получения изображения.
На время перелёта к Меркурию аппарат MMO находится внутри специального теплового экрана MOSIF, поэтому возможности калибровок ограничены. Тестовые включения показали штатные значения основных параметров прибора.
Миссия «БепиКоломбо» успешно началась 19 октября и сейчас находится на этапе межпланетного перелёта, который продлится около семи лет. Выход на орбиту вокруг Меркурия предполагается в декабре 2025 года.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.12.2018 17:54:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png)BepiColombo‏Подлинная учетная запись @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 7 дек. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1071045110304002048)

We investigated an antenna pointing mechanism issue last week on @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) (now resolved) but thanks to a special set of movements, we got to capture the first views of the front side of the antenna dish with @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM)'s monitoring-cam 3 (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44d.png)
Full story: http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/12/Turning_BepiColombo_s_high-gain_antenna ... (https://t.co/Hu7gwKvoHb)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dt0d2bcWwAUSkPq.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 10.12.2018 21:03:08
Да, 2.8 градуса эти соответствуют 10 dB. Да и "беда не приходит одна", как известно из законов подлости. Теперь все понятно и источники проблем ликвидированы на корню. Даже перелет для управленцев простым не будет, аппарат технически сложный, очень.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.12.2018 18:33:46
ЦитатаBepiColombo: Mercury's Mysteries

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 11 дек. 2018 г.

BepiColombo, Europe's first mission to Mercury, launched on 20 October 2018. The spacecraft began its seven year journey by unfurling antennas and solar arrays, taking a few selfies and deploying a three metre magnetometer boom. The spacecraft, a joint mission between ESA and the Japanese space agency JAXA, will soon engage its solar propulsion engine but meanwhile scientists are busy preparing for BepiColombo's arrival in 2025.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kO1Jwqa6kb4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kO1Jwqa6kb4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kO1Jwqa6kb4) (4:33)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.12.2018 22:04:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1074635554665492480)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f9.png)SCENES FROM SPACE: Today, from 09:37-12:15 (CET), #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)monitoring camera#3 captured its high gain antenna (HGA)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png). As the spacecraft 'slewed to burn attitude' (^see previous tweets^), the HGA automatically adjusted to keep pointing at Earth(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)& continue communications

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dune2JfVAAEezSi.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dune2JfVAAEezSi.mp4)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.12.2018 22:09:08
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1074643156287799296)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)
Mission teams have now turned #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s arrays to fully face the Sun, as full power will be needed to power its ion thrusters(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4c8.png)
Left: 9:15(CET)
Right: 13:00(CET) now fully facing the Sun
The arrays will be facing our star for the whole 2 months of this first thrust

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DunmNcEU0AAm4kq.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DunmNcsU0AIcaxe.jpg)
Left --> верхний снимок
Right --> нижний снимок
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.12.2018 22:16:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1074647801852776448)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f311.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) And here it is: #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s thrusters are firing, in routine operations, for the first time in space!
This first ion thrust 'arc' will now last for 2 months, steering @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) on its interplanetary trajectory.
The first swingby will be in April 2020: planet #Earth (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earth?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dunp7LwW0AARmUz.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dunp88tWwAEFrc0.jpg)


2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1074707498559512579)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)
#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)'s ion thrusters can each generate up to 125mN - if two thrusters are firing at maximum, together totalling 250mN, this is equivalent to about 250 ants pulling our 4 tonne spacecraft to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)! #AntPower (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AntPower?src=hash)
(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f41c.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dun1jh3WoAAULP7.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 18.12.2018 10:50:51
Киловатты в СЭП, редкость для межпланетного аппарата, скажем прямо
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.12.2018 18:35:36
ЦитатаBepiColombo: preparations & launch (timelapse)

European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

Опубликовано: 29 дек. 2018 г.

This year saw ESA's science exploration mission BepiColombo begin its seven year cruise to the innermost planet of our Solar System: Mercury. This timelapse recalls some of the preparations that went into readying the mission at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1HUhQeESL7Ihttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1HUhQeESL7I (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1HUhQeESL7I) (3:35)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 12.03.2019 13:42:01
Первая "арка" электротяги позади. 
Много работы, но всё успешно в итоге.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.03.2019 10:32:43
ЦитатаPIN пишет:
Первая "арка" электротяги позади.
Много работы, но всё успешно в итоге.
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg)ESA Operations‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 17 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1105481938750619650)

#MILESTONE (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MILESTONE?src=hash)! The @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) spacecraft - on its way to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash) - has completed its first 'thrust arc'. With a mere 21 arcs left to go, #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) is now more than 54 million km fr om Earth.
(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)Want to know wh ere the spacecraft is at anytime? See:
https://bepicolombo.esac.esa.int/itl-viewer/where/ ... (https://t.co/j3rFYjkMw0)
По ссылке - картинку можно покрутить в пространстве и времени
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.04.2019 20:04:09
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg)Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1114120840071786497)

Commissioning complete (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f389.png)
(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f539.png)@ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) concluded first solar propulsion arc
(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f539.png)All #science (https://twitter.com/hashtag/science?src=hash) instruments passed health checks
(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f539.png)Ground #operations (https://twitter.com/hashtag/operations?src=hash) teams ready for our long cruise to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)
Next... preparations for our #Earth (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earth?src=hash) flyby next year! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash)
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_is_ready_for_its_long_cruise ... (https://t.co/ysBE6YsqBA)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/D3Ym-xtXkAcJFgM.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/D3Ym-xtXkAcJFgM.mp4)
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_is_ready_for_its_long_cruise
Цитата(http://www.esa.int/extension/esa_ext/design/esn2/images/layout/ESA_print.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2017/04/bepicolombo_in_cruise_configuration/16896735-2-eng-GB/BepiColombo_in_cruise_configuration_printlarge.png) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2017/04/BepiColombo_in_cruise_configuration)
BepiColombo in cruise configuration

BEPICOLOMBO IS READY FOR ITS LONG CRUISE
5 April 2019

Following a series of tests conducted in space over the past five months, the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission has successfully completed its near-Earth commissioning phase and is now ready for the operations that will take place during the cruise and, eventually, for its scientific investigations at Mercury.

BepiColombo started its seven-year long journey to the Solar System's innermost planet on 20 October 2018, lifting off on an Ariane 5 rocket (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_blasts_off_to_investigate_Mercury_s_mysteries) from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. 

After completing the launch and early orbit phase (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/BepiColombo_s_beginning_ends) on 22 October, an extensive series of in-orbit commissioning activities started. During this near-Earth commissioning phase, which was concluded on 16 December, the European and Japanese mission teams performed tests to ensure the health of BepiColombo's science instruments, its propulsion and other spacecraft platform systems.

On 26 March 2019, a review board confirmed that the overall capabilities and performance at the end of the near-Earth commissioning phase meet the mission requirements.

"We are very pleased with the performance of BepiColombo and proud of the work of all teams who made such a challenging mission a reality", says Ulrich Reininghaus, ESA BepiColombo project manager.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2019/04/bepicolombo_handover/19336033-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_handover_small.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/04/BepiColombo_handover)
BepiColombo handover

This marks the end of the commissioning activities, and the operations team can focus on routine operations and on preparations for the mission's first planetary gravity assist next year.

"BepiColombo has successfully passed its health check and is now officially in operations," says ESA mission manager Patrick Martin.

The mission comprises two science orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a combination of solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys - one of Earth, two at Venus, and six at Mercury - prior to MPO and MMO orbit insertions.

The first electric propulsion 'arc' started on 17 December, after verification of the four individual thrusters (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/BepiColombo_now_firing_on_all_cylinders) as well as the so-called 'twin firing' configuration (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering_Technology/Electric_blue_thrusters_propelling_BepiColombo_to_Mercury), operating two thrusters in close proximity for a prolonged period of time, which was monitored closely by the operations engineers. The solar propulsion arc - the first in a series of 22 - was successfully completed in early March.

"Solar electric propulsion is one of the key flight challenges of this complex mission, and we are very pleased to see the system now in full operation," says Elsa Montagnon, BepiColombo spacecraft operations manager.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_cruise_configuration2/17404704-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_cruise_configuration_printlarge.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_cruise_configuration2)
BepiColombo electric propulsion

Since launch, BepiColombo has already covered over 450 million km - just about four percent of the total distance it will have to travel before arriving at Mercury at the end of 2025. The composite spacecraft is now some 50 million km from Earth, and telecommands take about three minutes to reach it.

The near-Earth commissioning activities for all science instruments on both orbiters have been completed as planned, and both ground segments - on the operations and science sides - are ready to support the next chapter of the mission.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_earth_flyby/17404593-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_Earth_flyby_medium.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2018/03/BepiColombo_Earth_flyby)
Earth flyby

"Besides the health checks that were successfully executed on all instruments, several of them are already operated in full science mode. The instrument teams are ready to go," says ESA project scientist, Johannes Benkhoff.

In the coming weeks, the BepiColombo teams will investigate some remaining issues and carry out high-voltage related instrument checks while looking forward to the next major mission milestone, as the spacecraft will come back to some 11 000 km from Earth for a flyby on 13 April 2020.

Later next year, in October, BepiColombo will perform the first of its two flybys of Venus - the second planned for August 2021. These will provide an exciting opportunity to operate some of the instruments on both orbiters and to collect scientifically valuable data to further study this fascinating planet while en route to the mission's destination - Mercury.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.06.2019 16:24:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg)ESA‏Подлинная учетная запись @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1140580100271955975)

BepiColombo's Mercury Transfer Module @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM), currently en route to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash), is equipped with three 'selfie-cams' and early this morning captured a series of snapshots.
Read more: http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2019/06/Monitoring_camera_checkout ... (https://t.co/2EBdLORHhT)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/D9QnjgXXUAAchzx.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.10.2019 12:14:02
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/6978068 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/6978068)
Цитата9 ОКТ, 11:44
Зонд Bepicolombo зафиксировал шесть гамма-вспышек на пути к Меркурию
Также ученые смогли найти, где конкретно произошли эти вспышки

МОСКВА, 9 октября. /ТАСС/. Российский прибор MGNS, установленный на борту европейской части миссии BepiColombo, зафиксировал на пути к Меркурию сразу шесть мощных гамма-всплесков, отголосков самых мощных катаклизмов во Вселенной. Об этом сообщил старший научный сотрудник ИКИ РАН Александр Козырев, выступая на десятом Московском симпозиуме по изучению Солнечной системы.

"Четыре из шести вспышек были так же зафиксированы другим нашим прибором, спектрометром HEND, установленным на борту зонда "Марс-Одиссей". Используя эти замеры, мы успешно локализовали те точки Вселенной, где произошли эти вспышки. Это на практике подтвердило возможность подобного использования MGNS для астрофизических исследований", - заявил Козырев.

Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями Европейского космического агентства (ESA) и Японского агентства аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA). В ходе миссии ученые планируют доставить к Меркурию два орбитальных аппарата. Их цель - всесторонне изучить ближайшую к Солнцу планету и окружающее пространство, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Ряд научных приборов, которые установлены на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании комплекса MGNS, который состоит из двух нейтронных спектрометров. Они помогут ученым раскрыть несколько самых больших тайн Меркурия, в том числе ответить на вопросы, есть ли вода в кратерах на его полюсах, а если да, то как она туда попала, и есть ли различные летучие вещества в недрах планеты.

Этот исследовательский комплекс, как отметил Козырев, начал научную работу еще в дороге к Меркурию. Сейчас ученые используют его для наблюдений не за планетами, а за одними из самых загадочных явлений космоса - гамма-вспышками.

Через Меркурий - к звездам

Гамма-всплески, как предполагают ученые, возникают в последние мгновения жизни крупных звезд. Когда такие светила умирают, сила притяжения черной дыры или нейтронной звезды, которая образуется в результате этого, оказывается настолько высока, что их останки не разбрасываются по окружающему пространству, а объединяются в своеобразный "бублик".

Часть этого диска, который вращается вокруг бывшей звезды, поглощает черная дыра, а остатки разгоняются почти до скорости света и выбрасываются во внешнее пространство в виде узких пучков материи. Во время этого процесса погибающее светило затмевает галактики и испускает столько же энергии, сколько Солнце и другие небольшие звезды вырабатывают за все время существования.

Что именно порождает подобные выбросы, чем они отличаются от "обычных" сверхновых и других катаклизмов, и как часто они возникают, пока неизвестно. Миссия BepiColombo, по словам Козырева, дает ученым уникальную возможность разгадать часть этих загадок, наблюдая за гамма-всплесками с иного ракурса. Это позволит ученым вычислить относительно точное расстояние до их источника, измерить их абсолютную яркость и раскрыть другие физические характеристики.

Эти замеры, как отметил планетолог, стали возможны благодаря использованию особых кристаллов из бромида церия, которые могут улавливать даже относительно слабые пучки гамма-излучения. Изначально российские исследователи планировали использовать другие, менее совершенные кристаллы из бромида лантана, однако европейские партнеры по BepiColombo предложили им более удачную альтернативу.

Как надеются ученые, российский прибор будет вести беспрерывные наблюдения за гамма-вспышками на протяжении всего срока работы миссии, собирая данные как минимум до 2028 года. Эти замеры помогут астрофизикам-теоретикам уточнить модели, которые описывают процесс рождения гамма-всплесков, а также понять, вырабатывают ли они достаточно мощные гравитационные волны, которые могли бы уловить земные инструменты.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 09.10.2019 13:26:27
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
старший научный сотрудник ИКИ РАН Александр Козырев
Как все иногда странно взаимосвязано - с Александром знаком по альпинистскому клубу ещё когда он был студентом, а я старлеем ВВС. 
А спустя 20+ лет встретился с ним в этой миссии :)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.10.2019 16:12:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png) BepiColombo‏ @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) 20 окт. (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1185733634294272003)

On 20 Oct 2018, at 01:45:28 GMT, our #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) launched into space onboard an Ariane 5 on its 7 year journey to planet Mercury. Quite a few km on the clock already from our first year in space! Follow the journey: https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo  (https://t.co/xB07MawhY2)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHSSdBuX4AUW1S6.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 26.10.2019 16:31:34
Рекомендую, уже вышло 11 или 12 эпизодов, снято "на общественных началах" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLgPbwlZo7o (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLgPbwlZo7o)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.03.2020 14:25:47
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1244583927479664640)

Hello Earthlings, I'm coming to Earth on 10 April for a flyby to adjust my trajectory to Mercury. I've been looking forward to sharing this adventure with you but I hear you are going through some difficult times. Please take good care of yourself #staysafe (https://twitter.com/hashtag/staysafe?src=hash) #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUWl1H4WsAAeAxj.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 30.03.2020 15:40:02
Много деталей здесь
https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo-flyby/earthflyby (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo-flyby/earthflyby)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 01.04.2020 11:36:39
MGNS из ИКИ тоже будет включен, кстати
Наблюдения другими приборами потребуют изменения ориентации. Со связью, балансом СЭП и терморегулированием всё непросто. Потому на борту будет под 1000 отложенных команд для выполнения в течении примерно 36 часов

https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/03/30/lean-team-readies-esas-mercury-bound-bepicolombo-for-planetary-flyby/?fbclid=IwAR30RKtn0rjelzQrQNAA5ORjZBohWW5yY5w8DFMM_W4vndJVBviQqMmB6-k (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/03/30/lean-team-readies-esas-mercury-bound-bepicolombo-for-planetary-flyby/?fbclid=IwAR30RKtn0rjelzQrQNAA5ORjZBohWW5yY5w8DFMM_W4vndJVBviQqMmB6-k)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.04.2020 18:03:04
http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/ready-for-swing-by-bepicolombo-will-pass-close-to-the-earth-on-april-10/ (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/ready-for-swing-by-bepicolombo-will-pass-close-to-the-earth-on-april-10/)
ЦитатаREADY FOR SWING-BY! BEPICOLOMBO WILL PASS CLOSE TO THE EARTH ON APRIL 10
April 1, 2020 | BepiColombo, Mission (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/category/mission/bepicolombo/)

On April 10, JAXA's MIO Mercury orbiter (http://mio.isas.jaxa.jp/en/) will swing-by the Earth onboard the BepiColombo spacecraft. As the spacecraft receives a tug fr om the Earth's gravity to assist the journey to Mercury, MIO will be testing its instruments on our planet's magnetic field.

At the end of last week, MIO completed a major health check that confirmed the probe and the onboard instruments were all operating normally since launch. MIO is now ready for swing-by observations!

The BepiColombo mission is a joint endeavour between ESA and JAXA to explore the planet Mercury. Each space agency designed an orbiter which stack together with the European-built transfer module that provides the propulsion through interplanetary space. The three components form the composite BepiColombo spacecraft that launched on October 18, 2018 (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/save-the-date-qa-ahead-of-the-launch-of-bepicolombo-to-mercury-in-october/). The trio also have their own individual twitter accounts to follow:

JAXA's orbiter: @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/jaxa_mmo)
ESA's orbiter: @ESA_Bepi (//@ESA_Bepi)
Mercury transfer module: @ESA_MTM (//@ESA_MTM)
BepiColombo mission: @BepiColombo (//@BepiColombo)

Mercury's close proximity to the Sun makes entering the planet's orbit a challenging feat. The strong gravitational pull fr om the Sun risks accelerating the spacecraft past the planet and into a fiery demise. To counter this, BepiColombo will perform a total of nine planetary swing-bys in which the spacecraft passes close to the Earth, Venus and Mercury and uses their gravity as a break to resist the Sun's pull.

http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/1707_004_AR_EN-1.mp4 (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/1707_004_AR_EN-1.mp4)
Animation of BepiColombo's seven year journey to Mercury, with the help of the gravity from Earth, Venus and Mercury to adjust its trajectory (credit: ESA).

18 months after launch, the first of these swing-bys is about to occur. BepiColombo will pass by the Earth on April 10, 2020, reaching its lowest altitude of 12,600km over the South Atlantic at 13:25 JST (04:25 UTC). While the spacecraft will not be visible to the naked eye, it may be possible to spot with a telescope if local conditions are good (maximum apparent magnitude is estimated at about m = 8 (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo-flyby/earthflyby)).

The JAXA orbiter, MIO, is designed to investigate Mercury's magnetic field, so the fly-by with Earth provides an opportunity to try the probe's instruments with the only other rocky planet in our Solar System that also generates a magnetic field.

"For MIO, it's the main goal of the fly-by!" says MIO project scientist, Go Murakami. "We can calibrate and evaluate the performance of MIO's instruments with the well-known Earth magnetosphere."

MIO is travelling to Mercury tucked within a protective sunshield on BepiColombo. While this limits the field of view, MIO (http://mio.isas.jaxa.jp/en/mission/#mission_06)'s Mercury Plasma Particle Experiment (MPPE) that senses charged particles can still see out of the top of the sunshield, and the magnetometers (MGF and PWI instruments) can also function. Once at Mercury, MIO will extend wire antennas to also measure the planet's electric field, but these are stored during the cruise through interplanetary space.

(http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/d6934c0071979432ca8e0ab979d5891c-1.png)
Artist impression of the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, MIO, and Mercury (credit JAXA).

MIO's instruments are designed to measure the weak magnetic field of Mercury, which is just 1% of the Earth. At the spacecraft's closest approach, the strength of Earth's magnetic field will therefore be outside the dynamic range of the MGF magnetometer, but will be measurable at further distances.

Since launch, MIO has undergone a series of checks to ensure the probe and the onboard instruments are operating as expected. Confirmation is a slow business, as it cannot be done during use of the electrical propulsion (ion) engines. Outgassing also occurs after launch, wh ere trapped or absorbed gases are released from the spacecraft material once in the vacuum of space. It takes several months before this discharge is complete, during which time the instruments need to remain protected against the contaminants.

The last batch of tests that form MIO's post-launch checkout were therefore only completed last week on March 27. The probe and science instruments have all been found to be operating normally, in addition to the lock-release mechanism that will allow the mast and antennae to be deployed at Mercury.

This week also marked a major change for the MIO project team as Project Manager, Professor Hajime Hayakawa, retired on March 31. Hayakawa has been a core member of JAXA's plan to send a spacecraft to Mercury for over 20 years, starting when the Mercury Exploration Working Group was formed in June 1997. This became a joint mission with ESA in September 2000 and the idea for BepiColombo was born. Professor Hiroyuki Ogawa will take over at Project Manager for MIO this month as the whole team watch the spacecraft turn away from the Earth and head towards Mercury.

http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2003_030_AR_EN-1.mp4 (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2003_030_AR_EN-1.mp4)
Animation of the Earth swing-by by BepiColombo on April 10, 2020 (credit: ESA).

After the Earth swing-by, BepiColombo will perform two Venus swing-bys, with the first planned for October 2020. Unlike the Earth and Mercury, Venus does not generate its own magnetic field. However, the planet has an induced magnetosphere (region wh ere a magnetic field can be felt), created from the interaction between charged particles in the solar wind and those in the upper part of the Venusian atmosphere.

MIO's examination of this system will provide important data on how a planet's atmosphere and surface can be protected from the high energy particles of its star.

BepiColombo is due to enter Mercury's orbit in December 2025. But before then, there is plenty of science to be done in the upcoming 9 swing-bys.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: opinion от 01.04.2020 18:36:18
ЦитатаPIN написал:
Потому на борту будет под 1000 отложенных комманд для выполнения в течении примерно 36 часов

Это на всякий случай или во время пролета не будет связи?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 02.04.2020 01:06:36
Связь будет почти постоянно. Такие миссии в реальном масштабе времени почти не управляются. Типично - лишь при ликвидации последствий нештатных ситуации.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: opinion от 02.04.2020 09:24:43
ЦитатаPIN написал:
Связь будет почти постоянно. Такие миссии в реальном масштабе времени почти не управляются. Типично - лишь при ликвидации последствий нештатных ситуации.
А среди этих команд есть проверки условий и ветвления? Просто интересно.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 02.04.2020 12:52:02
Цитатаopinion написал:
А среди этих команд есть проверки условий и ветвления? Просто интересно.
Нет, для этого существуют бортовые процедуры (OBCP). Которые запускаются либо автономно как реакция БКУ на нештатную (или штатную, но не детерминированную) ситуацию, либо командой с земли. 
Конкретно на этом аппарате используются стандартный (https://ecss.nl/standard/ecss-e-st-70-01c-on-board-control-procedures/ (https://ecss.nl/standard/ecss-e-st-70-01c-on-board-control-procedures/)) язык таких процедур. Общедоступно, например, здесь https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234445541_On-Board_Control_Procedures_for_ESA's_Deep_Space_Missions_Rosetta_and_Venus_Express (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234445541_On-Board_Control_Procedures_for_ESA's_Deep_Space_Missions_Rosetta_and_Venus_Express)

Не говоря уже о том, что большинство команд адресуется ПО БЦВК, которое по определению реализует сложную логику их выполнения.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: rum от 04.04.2020 23:51:37
Есть где нибудь габариты BepiColombo с развернутыми батареями? А может и среднее альбедо есть?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: opinion от 04.04.2020 22:16:53
ЦитатаPIN написал:
Общедоступно, например, здесь   https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234445541_On-Board_Control_Procedures_for_ESA (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234445541_On-Board_Control_Procedures_for_ESA)'s_Deep_Space_Missions_Roset ­ta_and_Venus_Express  
Я рискую опять вызвать гнев специалистов, но как это могло потянуть на публикацию? Научная статья о запуске bash-скриптов на удаленном сервере.

В любом случае, спасибо за ответы.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 05.04.2020 21:15:17
Цитатаopinion написал:
Я рискую опять вызвать гнев специалистов, но как это могло потянуть на публикацию? Научная статья о запуске bash-скриптов на удаленном сервере.
Это статья для технической конференции. Я не знаю, бывали ли Вы на подобных, я за последние 20 лет много раз. Это средний и даже выше среднего уровня.

Цитатаrum написал:
Есть где нибудь габариты BepiColombo с развернутыми батареями? А может и среднее альбедо есть?

Самоё крупное это СБ перелётного модуля. 10 панелей примерно 240 на 180 см. Геометрию относительно Земли я не смотрел, увы и среднее альбедо не могу сказать - оно очень от ориентации относительно зависит для этого аппарата.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.04.2020 09:04:08
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1246994279962157056)

The @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) BepiColombo space probe was launched on 2018 Oct 20 into a 0.89 x 1.17 AU x 0.7 deg solar orbit. Less than an hour ago, it returned to the Earth's gravitational sphere of influence as it approaches a 12700 km flyby on Friday.


3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1246994639397281793)

The flyby will lower BepiColumbo's perihelion to 0.63 AU, one further step on its long journey to the planet Mercury. First Mercury flyby Oct 20201, Mercury orbit insertion in late 2025.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.04.2020 08:16:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell‏ @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 41 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1247381962945449984)

The BepiColombo probe continues on approach to Earth swingby, now a tad over one million km from us. Between 0230 and 0610 UTC on  Fri Apr 10 it will be within the geostationary distance and will pass within 2000 km of 25 tracked objects.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.04.2020 10:01:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell‏ @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 5 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1247710654431203328)

The BepiColombo probe is falling deeper into the Earth-Moon system on its way to swingby. Distance now 780,000 km (about twice the distance to the Moon)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2020 12:57:52
Завтра - максимальное сближение с Землёй

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979328240333434880/pRZi9ti3_bigger.jpg) みお (MIO)‏ @JAXA_MMO (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JAXA_MMO/status/1248143140613009409)

わたしたちの地球スイングバイ、いよいよ明日だよ!ちょうど地球1コ分くらい離れたところを通っていくよ!
みんなの応援、少しでもたくさん届くといいな。
そしてわたしたちの応援も、少しでも多くのみんなに届くといいな。
#BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash) #みお (https://twitter.com/hashtag/%E3%81%BF%E3%81%8A?src=hash) #地球がんばれ (https://twitter.com/hashtag/%E5%9C%B0%E7%90%83%E3%81%8C%E3%82%93%E3%81%B0%E3%82%8C?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EVJKcyKUMAYlAoa.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Александр Репной от 09.04.2020 16:58:03
Цитата10 апреля 2020 г BepiColombo совершит гравитационный маневр возле Земли и изменит свою гелиоцентрическую скорость на 5 км/с.

(https://www.cosmos.esa.int/documents/1220373/0/fig3.PNG/663a72ca-09b8-1914-06ac-040555c96088?t=1584437752088)

Аппарат подлетит к планете со стороны Солнца, минимальное расстояние до поверхности (12677 км) будет достигнуто в 04:25 UTC над Атлантикой. Ожидается, что блеск BepiColombo может составить до 8m и его сможет пронаблюдать широкий круг желающих. Наилучшие условия складываются для Южной Африки и Южной Америки, остальным ловить нечего, разве что на отлете и немалым телескопом. Подробнее можно посмотреть на [url=https://heavens-above.com/Flyby/Flyby.aspx]страничке[/url (https://heavens-above.com/Flyby/Flyby.aspx]страничке[/url)] на HeavensAbove, либо воспользоваться специальным [url=https://bepicolombo.iaps.inaf.it/]калькулятором[/url] (https://bepicolombo.iaps.inaf.it/]калькулятором[/url]).

(https://heavens-above.com/Flyby/FlybyGroundtrack.aspx?lat=0&lng=0&loc=Unspecified&alt=0&tz=UCT&w=800&h=400)

В ходе пролета будет задействован ряд приборов и инструментов. Камеры MCAM на перелетном модуле попытаются отснять общие виды Земли и Луны. Инфракрасная камера MERTIS и ультрафиолетовая  PHEBUS проведут съемку Луны с целью калибровки, также будут включены магнитометр и детекторы частиц, как на MPO, так и на Mio.

(https://www.heavens-above.com/Flyby/FlybyOrbitDisplay.aspx?lat=48.66566&lng=33.11374&loc=Aleksandria&alt=155&tz=EET&w=800&h=800)

Следующий пролет состоится 15 октября 2020 г у Венеры.

Увы, мы как всегда в пролёте, а ведь так хотелось пронаблюдать АМС. Вечно на что-то не везёт северному полушарию.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2020 22:05:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1056971046283329536/oQaCdom0_bigger.jpg) Paul 'Social Distancing' Byrne‏ @ThePlanetaryGuy (https://twitter.com/ThePlanetaryGuy) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ThePlanetaryGuy/status/1248308426477842441)

Oh my.  Here's a sequence of images taken *today* as @BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo) is making its gravity-assist flyby manoeuvre on its way to #Mercury (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mercury?src=hash)--look at our planet there, all rotating! That's us!

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVLhrkUU4AAeayH.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVLhrkUU4AAeayH.mp4)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 08:59:13
ЦитатаZoom past Earth with BepiColombo in virtual reality simulation
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AATXAJzKeYWeS-swFAo_zUV_gCmi4-7IlFUxfn5dmQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

8 апр. 2020 г.

With a simple Google Cardboard-style virtual reality (VR) viewer, you can experience how it feels to be a spacecraft hurtling past Earth. This 360-degree VR simulation of a flyby manoeuvre performed by ESA's Mercury-bound BepiColombo spacecraft takes you on a trip past Earth at the distance of only 12 700 km, closer than the orbit of Europe's navigational satellites Galileo.
The simulation displays the field of view of two of BepiColombo's science instruments (MERTIS and PHEBUS) and two of its three MCAM selfie cameras during the gravity-assist flyby at Earth on 10 April 2020.

The simulation was created using the SPICE software developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and data generated by the European Space and Astronomy Centre (ESAC)in Spain.

BepiColombo, a joint mission of ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), is on a seven-year cruise to Mercury, the smallest and innermost planet of the Solar System. Launched in October 2018, BepiColombo follows an intricate trajectory that involves nine gravity-assist flyby manoeuvres. In addition to the flyby at Earth, BepiColombo will perform two flybys at Venus and six at Mercury, its target planet. The manoeuvres slow down the spacecraft as it needs to constantly brake against the gravitational pull of the Sun in order to be able to enter the correct orbit around Mercury in 2025, ahead of commencing science operations in early 2026.

Credit: ESA SPICE Service/RHEA Group.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYEmNxsVq0c (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYEmNxsVq0c)https://www.youtube.com/embed/CYEmNxsVq0c?feature=oembed (https://www.youtube.com/embed/CYEmNxsVq0c?feature=oembed) (2:55)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:02:28
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations‏ @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1248467021043400704)

Close(st) approach!

At ~12,693 km away, #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) will never be closer to Earth than it is right now

#BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash) #GoodbyeBepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/GoodbyeBepiColombo?src=hash)


1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1248468427821338625)

At 06:25 CEST, #BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) was about 12700km above this spot #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash)
 https://www.google.com/maps/place/19%C2%B037'13.5%22S+7%C2%B008'51.4%22W/@-21.6757153,-9.2592173,3.99z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x0!8m2!3d-19.6204049!4d-7.1476084 ... (https://t.co/wqaV2pKUGZ)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EVNzWSiUcAM8IyG.png)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:06:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1248476245290934274)

#BepiColombo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColombo?src=hash) should now have fallen into Earth's shadow

Sunlight will no longer be reaching the spacecraft's solar panels for the first time since launch in Oct 2018. The spacecraft will now be running on battery power(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50b.png)

#EclipseBegins (https://twitter.com/hashtag/EclipseBegins?src=hash) #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVN6AQxUwAId69Y.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVN6AQxUwAId69Y.mp4) (0:04)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:09:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations‏ @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 32 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1248484706296840193)

BepiColombo is now out of Earth's shadow, and basking once again in sunlight!

#FLYBYSUCCESS (https://twitter.com/hashtag/FLYBYSUCCESS?src=hash) #EclipseEnds (https://twitter.com/hashtag/EclipseEnds?src=hash) #BepiColomboEarthFlyby  (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVOCJVfUEAEpTm1.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVOCJVfUEAEpTm1.mp4) (0:04)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:13:03
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 33 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1248485563692269568)

Eclipse, over... I'm back! Waiting for the awesome close-ups me and @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) have just taken to get down. In the meantime, enjoy this beauty from yesterday evening. And if you have taken images of me, share them with us:  https://www.flickr.com/groups/bepicolomboearthflyby ... (https://t.co/qAfdMVi1hU) #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EVOCWE4UMAIQln7.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:31:32
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/775988616791203840/0P7PHHY-_bigger.jpg) Andrew Jones‏ @AJ_FI (https://twitter.com/AJ_FI) 9 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/AJ_FI/status/1248495818086051840)

This is awesome: BepiColombo closing in on Earth. Looks utterly sci-fi. http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/BepiColombo_closing_in_on_Earth_ahead_of_flyby_full_sequence ...  (https://t.co/DN9vqYCwCx)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVOMQAyU0AECVd1.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVOMQAyU0AECVd1.mp4) (0:05)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 09:39:29
http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/BepiColombo_s_close-up_of_Earth_during_flyby (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/BepiColombo_s_close-up_of_Earth_during_flyby)
ЦитатаBepiColombo's close-up of Earth during flyby
10/04/2020

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/bepicolombo_s_close-up_of_earth_during_flyby/21937928-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_s_close-up_of_Earth_during_flyby_pillars.jpg)

A view of Earth captured by one of the MCAM selfie cameras on board of the European-Japanese Mercury mission BepiColombo, as the spacecraft zoomed past the planet during its first and only Earth flyby. The image was taken at 03:33 UTC on 10 April 2020, shortly before the closest approach, from around 19 000 km away.

Launched into an orbit around the Sun in October 2018, BepiColombo returned to Earth to take advantage of its gravity to steer its trajectory deeper into the inner Solar System. The spacecraft was visible during the manoeuvre to astronomers, including amateurs, equipped with small telescopes and located south of Rome and Madrid. The Earth flyby was the first of nine gravity-assist manoeuvres that will help BepiColombo to gradually home in on its target orbit around the smallest and innermost planet of the Solar System.

Travelling towards the Sun, BepiColombo has to constantly brake against the star's powerful gravitational pull in order to be able to stop at Mercury. Comprising of the ESA-owned Mercury Planetary Orbiter, the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, and the ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module, the spacecraft will perform next two gravity-assist manoeuvres at Venus and further six at Mercury before commencing its science operations in early 2026.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Александр Репной от 10.04.2020 12:34:11
BepiColombo успешно совершил маневр около Земли и направился к Меркурию
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8209557 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8209557)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 14:34:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi‏ @ESA_Bepi (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1248556449032286208)

I love looking at pictures of myself. @ESA_MTM (https://twitter.com/ESA_MTM) thinks I'm vain. This one is again from my asteroid-catcher friends at  ESA's Near-Earth Object Coordination Centre in Chile. Everyone can upload their pics of #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash) to https://www.flickr.com/groups/bepicolomboearthflyby/ ...  (https://t.co/8FgAHEw337)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVPCPlfUYAAdKtE.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVPCPlfUYAAdKtE.mp4) (0:17)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.04.2020 18:50:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg) ESA‏ @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 18 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1248363019937210370)

Let's look at the key operations that will take place before, during and after the #BepiColomboEarthFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboEarthFlyby?src=hash) in the early hours of the morning, 10 April (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f449.png)
 https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/BepiColombo_s_first_and_only_Earth_flyby ... (https://t.co/N7vpgTE2HC)

https://video.twimg.com/amplify_video/1248362084892639232/vid/1280x720/QXb_byRQuLvUXHRQ.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/amplify_video/1248362084892639232/vid/1280x720/QXb_byRQuLvUXHRQ.mp4) (0:20)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏ @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 43 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1248627562269618176)

BepiColombo now 180,000 km outbound from Earth, back in what I consider `deep space'. It will pass the Moon's orbit around midnight US Eastern time (0400 UTC)


30 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1248630938034147329)

Here's a nice graphic from ESA about the BepiColombo Earth swingby

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EVQHNnLXgAAKPNk.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Александр Репной от 10.04.2020 21:36:21
BepiColombo spacecraft: images of its flyby with the Earth - 10 Apr. 2020
https://www.virtualtelescope.eu/2020/04/10/bepicolombo-spacecraft-images-of-its-flyby-with-the-earth... (https://www.virtualtelescope.eu/2020/04/10/bepicolombo-spacecraft-images-of-its-flyby-with-the-earth-10-apr-2020/]https://www.virtualtelescope.eu/2020/04/10/bepicolombo-spacecraft-images-of-its-flyby-with-the-earth-10-apr-2020/[/url][u][/u)
https://twitter.com/interplanetary/status/1248538798100639745 (https://twitter.com/interplanetary/status/1248538798100639745)
https://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_upload.php?upload_id=161157]https://spaceweathergallery.com/in... (https://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_upload.php?upload_id=161157]https://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_upload.php?upload_id=161157[/url][u][/u)
(https://www.spaceweather.com/images2020/10apr20/flyby_strip.gif)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Старый от 10.04.2020 22:15:18
Вот так межзвёздная станция просквозит через солнечную систему и не найдёт на Земле признаков жизни. :( 
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.04.2020 13:36:13
http://press.cosmos.ru/zemlya-v-illyuminator-bepikolombo-sovershil-manevr-u-zemli (http://press.cosmos.ru/zemlya-v-illyuminator-bepikolombo-sovershil-manevr-u-zemli)
Цитата10 Апр 2020
«Земля в иллюминаторе»: «БепиКоломбо» совершил первый гравитационный маневр у Земли

10 апреля автоматическая межпланетная станция «БепиКоломбо» совершила первый гравитационный маневр у Земли, и тем самым снизила свою скорость, чтобы продолжить путь к Меркурию. При пролёте были включены некоторые научные приборы, в том числе -- российский нейтронный спектрометр МГНС, созданный в ИКИ РАН, а также изготовленный с участием специалистов ИКИ РАН спектрометр ФЕБУС.

«БепиКоломбо», совместная миссия Европейского космического агентства и Японского аэрокосмического агентства с участием широкой международной кооперации, включает два космических аппарата: европейский Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) и японский Mio, -- которые на этапе перелёта находятся «в связке». После запуска 20 октября 2018 г. «БепиКоломбо» двигался по гелиоцентрической орбите, близкой к земной, и 10 апреля 2020 г. в 07:25 мск приблизился к Земле на расстояние около 12700 км. В это время благодаря взаимодействию с гравитационным полем Земле его скорость снизилась примерно на 5 км/сек, и таким образом «БепиКоломбо» был переведен на более низкую гелиоцентрическую орбиту, двигаясь по которой, он постепенно «спустится» к Венере, а потом и к Меркурию. При этом практически не потребовалось тратить топливо на торможение, хотя двигатели КА также включались несколько раз для небольших коррекций траектории.

Во время сближения большая часть приборов на аппарате MPO и часть приборов на аппарате Mio была включена. Полученные ими данные будут использоваться для калибровки научных приборов в дальнейшем при работе у Меркурия.

Российский гамма- и нейтронный спектрометр МГНС на борту MPO измерил гамма-излучение от Земли во время пролета в окрестности нашей планеты.

(http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/pics/earth_fly-by_mgns_profile_v1_0.png?itok=L_z2XAR5) (http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/pics/earth_fly-by_mgns_profile_v1_0.png)
Гамма-излучение от Земли по данным МГНС во время пролета у Земли 10.04.2020. По горизонтальной оси отложено всемирное время (UT), момент максимального сближения аппарата с Землей наступил в 4:25 UT (т.е. в 7:25 мск). По вертикальной оси справа показано расстояние аппарата до центра Земли (черная кривая) (с) ИКИ РАН

Красная кривая на графике показывает темп счета гамма-лучей в интегральном энергетическом диапазоне 0.65-8.0 МэВ (вертикальная шкала слева). При подлете к Земле аппарат совершал разворот, во время которого детекторы прибора были выключены. В момент максимального сближения наблюдался пологий пик гамма-излучения. Это гамма-лучи от Земли.

Команда эксперимента МГНС назвала это наблюдение по мотивам слов знаменитой советской космической песни «...Земля в иллюминаторе».

Во время отлета космического аппарата от Земли он пересек радиационный пояс земной магнитосферы, заполненный заряженными частицами. Регистрация прибором МГНС частиц этого пояса проявилась как второй более высокий пик примерно через час после первого.

Во время пролёта на борту MPO был также включен спектрометр ФЕБУС (PHEBUS), для которого в ИКИ РАН был разработан входной оптический блок с системой наведения прибора. По итогам включения прибор отработал штатно, были проведены наблюдения земной геокороны -- внешней газовой «оболочки» Земли, состоящей в основном из атомарного водорода. Сейчас данные ФЕБУС обрабатываются.

(http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/pics/bepicolombo_s_first_and_only_earth_flyby_0.jpg?itok=-X_0JgTM) (http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/pics/bepicolombo_s_first_and_only_earth_flyby_0.jpg)

Управление аппаратом велось в непростых условиях из-за пандемии коронавируса. Команда «БепиКоломбо» -- одна из немногих, продолживших работу в это время, поскольку отложить гравманевр по законам небесной механики невозможно. Особенно волнующим оказался этап, когда солнечные батареи «БепиКоломбо» попали в тень Земли.

Приближение «БепиКоломбо» к Земле в апреле могли наблюдать в телескопы любители астрономии по всему миру -- и помахать аппарату рукой, поскольку траектория его движения более не приведёт его к нашей планете. В октябре 2020 г. «БепиКоломбо» ждёт второй гравитационный маневр -- на этот раз у Венеры. Затем, после серии маневров у Венеры и Меркурия, он достигнет рабочей орбиты в конце 2025 г.

(http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/pics/bepicolombo_s_last_close-up_of_earth_during_flyby_0.gif?itok=-sWCCOMP) (http://press.cosmos.ru/sites/default/files/pics/bepicolombo_s_last_close-up_of_earth_during_flyby_0.gif)
Анимация, полученная из изображений камеры MCAM на борту миссии «БепиКоломбо» при пролете Земли 10 апреля 2020 г. (кликните на изображение для просмотра анимации). Изображения были получены с интервалом в несколько минут с 06:03 мск до 06:41 мск 10 апреля, незадолго до максимального сближения, при этом расстояние до Земли изменилось с 26 700 км до 17 300 км (c) ESA/BepiColombo/MTM, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

***

«БепиКоломбо»/BepiColombo -- совместный проект Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) и Японского аэрокосмического агентства (JAXA) при ведущей роли ЕКА по изучению Меркурия с орбиты его искусственного спутника.


Российские ученые принимают участие в научной программе миссии; четыре прибора в составе научной аппаратуры обоих аппаратов создаются при участии или полностью в Институте космических исследований РАН, российские исследователи выступают как руководители и со-руководители экспериментов.

Участие России в проекте «БепиКоломбо» зафиксировано в Федеральной космической программе.

Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.04.2020 14:19:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg) Spaceflight Now‏ @SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow) 14 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/1249076960514445312)

Working with reduced staff due to coronavirus-related restrictions, European Space Agency flight controllers monitored the BepiColombo spacecraft during a flyby of Earth Friday, a maneuver that used gravity to steer the mission on a course toward Mercury. https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/04/10/bepicolombo-flies-by-earth-completing-first-leg-of-journey-to-mercury/ ...  (https://t.co/NPJgIWKUXI)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVWct2rXgAEuvH6.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EVWct2rXgAEuvH6.mp4) (0:06)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.04.2020 11:18:19
Источник (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/Views_of_Earth_from_BepiColombo_s_flyby)

ЦитатаViews of Earth from BepiColombo's flyby
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AATXAJzKeYWeS-swFAo_zUV_gCmi4-7IlFUxfn5dmQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

16 апр. 2020 г.

A compilation of about 200 images collected by the joint European-Japanese mission BepiColombo during its first - and only - flyby of Earth on 10 April 2020, a manoeuvre needed to adjust its trajectory en route to its destination, Mercury.
The spacecraft, equipped with three 'selfie' cameras, captured a series of stunning images of our home planet as it closed in, approached, and finally departed. In this video, Earth first appears as a rotating marble from behind the spacecraft structure and high-gain antenna in the sequence captured on 9 April. Later, in the images shot just before closest approach, less than 13 000 km from Earth's surface, the planet appears in greater detail, with the outline of East Africa, the Arabian peninsula and India well in sight, between the spacecraft's instrument boom on the left and its medium-gain antenna on the right. Finally, the sequence of images taken by BepiColombo as it moved away on 10 and 11 April show a crescent Earth shining against the cosmic darkness; towards the end of the video, the Moon also makes an appearance, visible as a tiny speck of light near the end of the spacecraft solar array.Full story: BepiColombo takes last snaps of Earth en route to Mercury Credit:Images: ESA/BepiColombo/MTM, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5mXAklXHJpA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5mXAklXHJpA)https://www.youtube.com/embed/5mXAklXHJpA (https://www.youtube.com/embed/5mXAklXHJpA) (0:33)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.04.2020 01:25:59
ЦитатаZoom past Earth with BepiColombo in virtual reality simulation

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AATXAJzKeYWeS-swFAo_zUV_gCmi4-7IlFUxfn5dmQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

13 апр. 2020 г.

With a simple Google Cardboard-style virtual reality (VR) viewer, you can experience how it feels to be a spacecraft hurtling past Earth. This 360-degree VR simulation of a flyby manoeuvre performed by ESA's Mercury-bound BepiColombo spacecraft takes you on a trip past Earth at the distance of only 12 700 km, closer than the orbit of Europe's navigational satellites Galileo.
The simulation displays the field of view of two of BepiColombo's science instruments (MERTIS and PHEBUS) and two of its three MCAM selfie cameras during the gravity-assist flyby at Earth on 10 April 2020.

The simulation was created using the SPICE software developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and data generated by the European Space and Astronomy Centre (ESAC)in Spain.

BepiColombo, a joint mission of ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), is on a seven-year cruise to Mercury, the smallest and innermost planet of the Solar System. Launched in October 2018, BepiColombo follows an intricate trajectory that involves nine gravity-assist flyby manoeuvres. In addition to the flyby at Earth, BepiColombo will perform two flybys at Venus and six at Mercury, its target planet. The manoeuvres slow down the spacecraft as it needs to constantly brake against the gravitational pull of the Sun in order to be able to enter the correct orbit around Mercury in 2025, ahead of commencing science operations in early 2026.
Credit: ESA SPICE Service/RHEA Group.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYEmNxsVq0c (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYEmNxsVq0c)https://www.youtube.com/embed/CYEmNxsVq0c (https://www.youtube.com/embed/CYEmNxsVq0c) (2:55)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2020 02:30:34
http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Earth_flyby_opens_new_science_opportunities_for_BepiColombo (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Earth_flyby_opens_new_science_opportunities_for_BepiColombo)
ЦитатаEarth flyby opens new science opportunities for BepiColombo
30/04/2020

Science instruments aboard the European-Japanese Mercury explorer BepiColombo are in excellent condition to gather high-quality data during the spacecraft's long cruise to the innermost planet of the Solar System despite not having been designed for this purpose, teams collaborating on the mission learned during the spacecraft's April flyby of Earth.

The orbit-tightening manoeuvre (http://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Operations/Why_is_BepiColombo_back), which saw BepiColombo come as close as 12 689 km to our planet's surface at 04:25 UTC on 10 April 2020, provided an opportunity to test six of the eleven instruments aboard ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter) (MPO). Seven sensors of three instruments on the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter MIO (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter) of the Japanese Aerospace Agency (JAXA) were also on, as well as the three 'selfie' cameras (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/Views_of_Earth_from_BepiColombo_s_flyby) mounted on the Mercury Transfer Module (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Transfer_Module) (MTM), which carries the two scientific orbiters to their destination.

"It was great to see that all of the instruments that we operated were functioning extremely well and provided good results," says ESA's BepiColombo project scientist Johannes Benkhoff. "We haven't had such a good opportunity to test them all in space before. It was fantastic to see that not only there weren't any problems, but that the data were of good quality despite the instruments being designed specifically for Mercury."

Better than expected

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/the_moon_observed_by_bepicolombo_s_mertis_instrument_during_earth_flyby/21989367-4-eng-GB/The_Moon_observed_by_BepiColombo_s_MERTIS_instrument_during_Earth_flyby_pillars.gif)
The first ever measurements of the Moon's surface in the thermal infrared spectrum taken by the Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) aboard the European/Japanese BepiColombo mission.

For example, the Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo/mertis) (MERTIS), a novel instrument for studying the surface composition of celestial objects, managed to take measurements of the Moon during the Earth flyby. The surface of the Moon is, however, much colder, than the surface of Mercury, which made the observations especially challenging.

"We were looking at something that at its hottest may have about 100°C, while we made MERTIS to study Mercury, which can have over 400°C," says Jörn Helbert, of the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), a co-principal investigator of MERTIS. "Also, we will be looking at Mercury from the distance of less than 1000 km, while the Moon was 700 000 km away during the flyby."

On top of that, MERTIS looked at the Moon through its secondary port and not the main port, which is currently covered by the MTM. Still, the instrument captured a unique set of data.

"No one has observer the Moon in this spectral range before from space," says Jörn. "It's the first data set of its kind and it's at least as good as we hoped for."

Next stop: Venus

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_at_venus/17404482-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_at_Venus_pillars.jpg)
BepiColombo at Venus

The results are encouraging for the upcoming two flybys of Venus, a planet that has not been visited by a European spacecraft since the end of the Venus Express (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Venus_Express) mission in 2014, and is currently orbited only by a Japanese mission called Akatsuki.

"Now that we know what this innovative instrument is capable of, we can focus on getting as much out of it as possible during the two flybys of Venus," says Johannes. "The same goes for the other instruments. It enables us to maximise the scientific potential of the entire mission in ways we didn't necessarily foresee when we were designing it."

BepiColombo will pass by Venus for the first time on 15 October at the distance of about 10 630 km. The spacecraft's second flyby of the planet, in August 2021, will take it as close as about 550 km from Venus' surface, closer than the orbit of Akatsuki.

"There are instruments, including MERTIS and the PHEBUS ultraviolet spectroscope, that can take measurements at Venus that we couldn't do with any previous mission," says Jörn. "We will be able to get a lot of data about the dense atmosphere of Venus that will be in a way similar to those we could get from the Soviet Venera 15 and 16 missions in the 1980s. That will provide a unique comparison."

The 'sound' of the magnetic field

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/04/059/orig-2004_059_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/04/059/orig-2004_059_AR_EN.mp4)
The 'sound' of Earth's magnetic field recorded by BepiColombo
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/The_sound_of_Earth_s_magnetic_field_by_BepiColombo)

It is not only Venus that promises unforeseen scientific opportunities to the BepiColombo team. Just like MERTIS, the MPO Magnetic Field Investigation instrument (MPO-MAG) (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo/mpo/mag) was designed specifically for Mercury. MPO-MAG's speciality is measuring weak magnetic fields, such as that of the smallest rocky planet of the Solar System (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Top_Five_Mercury_mysteries_that_BepiColombo_will_solve). The instrument was, however, still able to obtain useful data during the Earth flyby, which helped to calibrate it for future measurements.

"If you put our magnetometer on the surface of Earth, you couldn't measure anything because the magnetic field is too strong," says Daniel Heyner of the Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany, Principal Investigator for MPO-MAG. "It turned out that the closest approach during the flyby was far enough from Earth that we still could make good measurements."

The MAG-MPO data revealed that the solar wind - a constant flow of electrically charged particles streaming from the Sun into interplanetary space - was very quiet on the day of the flyby. It also showed the moment when BepiColombo encountered the so-called bow shock, a sharp boundary that forms at the outer edge of the Earth's magnetic environment as it interacts with the solar wind. The data then reflected how the probe flew through the magnetosheath, a turbulent region still considerably affected by the interplanetary plasma, and crossed the magnetopause, the boundary after which the magnetic field of Earth dominates.

The team also got valuable insights into the interference from other instruments and especially from the MTM. Once at Mercury, the MPO will separate from the MTM, but being able to filter out the propulsion module's noise during the seven-year cruise opens new opportunities for previously unplanned scientific investigations.

Working in tandem with Solar Orbiter

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/01/019/2001_019_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/01/019/2001_019_AR_EN.mp4)
What is Solar Orbiter
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/01/What_is_Solar_Orbiter)

"This is a very interesting time for investigations of the solar wind," says Daniel. "We now have several recently launched spacecraft travelling in the direction of the Sun that have some similar instruments. There is ESA's Solar Orbiter and NASA's Parker Solar Probe. They are in the heliosphere at different distances from the Sun and that enables us, for example, to track coronal mass ejections and study how their speed and intensity changes as they propagate from the Sun."

The MAG-MPO  team now plans, despite the original focus on Mercury, to keep measuring the solar wind for most of the seven-year journey.

Johannes expects that working in tandem especially with ESA's own Solar Orbiter (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter) will enable large synergies and a new approach to the study of the environment around the Sun.

"With the BepiColombo Earth flyby we were able to prove that our instruments perform well even during the cruise phase," he says. "Now we know that we can do some real and innovative science that takes advantage of the network of spacecraft that we currently have in the inner Solar System."
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2020 02:45:37
http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Bepi_in_the_sky_with_stars_photo_contest_winners_announced (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Bepi_in_the_sky_with_stars_photo_contest_winners_announced)
ЦитатаBepi in the sky with stars: photo contest winners announced
30/04/2020

In early April, as the European-Japanese BepiColombo spacecraft was approaching our home planet ahead of the first flyby in its seven-year journey to Mercury, mission scientists invited amateur astronomers to observe the event fr om Earth and share their photos of this unique event.

Over thirty observers from around the world participated in the campaign (https://www.flickr.com/groups/bepicolomboearthflyby/). The jury, composed of BepiColombo mission experts, was very positively impressed by all entries, both on aesthetical grounds and because of the good quality of the astronomical observations, and wishes to thank all participants who observed the Mercury explorer as it crossed our sky and immortalized it in their beautiful images and sequences.

The authors of the three best images of the flyby - the best glimpse, the best track and the last glimpse - selected by the jury will receive a scale model of BepiColombo.

The winning images are:
    [/li]
  • a view of BepiColombo passing through a deep sky object - the Blue Horsehead Nebula - taken in the early hours of 10 April by Sergio Silva in Porto Feliz, São Paulo, Brazil, which was selected as the 'best glimpse (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/BepiColombo_passing_through_the_Blue_Horsehead_Nebula)' of the flyby;


  • a sequence of images of BepiColombo moving through a stellar field, featuring a 'guest' appearance of a piece of space debris - a decommissioned geostationary satellite - captured in the evening of 10 April from the Northolt Branch Observatories by Guy Wells and Daniel Bamberger in London, UK, which was selected as 'the best track (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/A_tale_of_two_spacecraft_BepiColombo_and_the_INSAT_2D_satellite)' of BepiColombo during its passage above the horizon;


  • a parting view of the spacecraft, a dot against the tracks of distant stars, taken on 19 April from the Rikubetsu Space and Science Museum observatory in Ashoro District, Hokkaido, Japan, which was selected as the best 'last glimpse (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/The_last_glimpse_of_BepiColombo)' of BepiColombo from Earth.
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/bepicolombo_passing_through_the_blue_horsehead_nebula/21988120-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_passing_through_the_Blue_Horsehead_Nebula_pillars.jpg)
BepiColombo passing through the Blue Horsehead Nebula

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/videos/2020/04/a_tale_of_two_spacecraft_bepicolombo_and_the_insat_2d_satellite/21988436-1-eng-GB/A_tale_of_two_spacecraft_BepiColombo_and_the_INSAT_2D_satellite_pillars.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/A_tale_of_two_spacecraft_BepiColombo_and_the_INSAT_2D_satellite)
A tale of two spacecraft: BepiColombo and the INSAT 2D satellite (click through to watch the video)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/the_last_glimpse_of_bepicolombo/21988079-1-eng-GB/The_last_glimpse_of_BepiColombo_pillars.jpg)
The last glimpse of BepiColombo

The jury also acknowledges the following contributions with a special mention: Gianluca Masi, Virtual Telescope Project; Alain Maury, Jean Marc Mari and Joaquin Fabrega; Inoue Takeshi; Kenichi Shirakami; Masanori Mizutani; T. Oribe, Saji Observatory; Nicolas Biver.

BepiColombo reached its closest approach to Earth (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/BepiColombo_takes_last_snaps_of_Earth_en_route_to_Mercury) at 04:24:57 UTC on 10 April, flying only 12 689 km above our planet's surface. The manoeuvre - the first of nine planetary flyby and the only one of Earth - tightened the spacecraft's orbit towards the inner Solar System, wh ere it is scheduled to meet Venus on 15 October for the first of two flybys of this planet on the way to Mercury.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: Snowsquall от 01.10.2020 20:27:42
По счастливому стечению обстоятельств зонд BepiColombo запущенный для исследований Меркурия совершит гравитационный маневр у Венеры в октябре 2020 года. Он сможет задействовать ИК-спектрометр MERTIS-TIS на борту для изучения состава атмосферы Венеры и подтвердить наличие фосфина

Исследования Венеры во время маневра 15 октября 2020 года (https://zen.yandex.ru/media/eclipsechasers/15-oktiabria-2020-zond-esa-evropa-i-jaxa-iaponiia-bepicolombo-sovershit-manevr-u-venery-i-provedet-poisk-fosfina-v-ee-atmosfere-5f685789c833846a1db4d56c)

(https://avatars.mds.yandex.net/get-zen_doc/3719229/pub_5f685789c833846a1db4d56c_5f685cb94c07ce06040b730e/scale_1200)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.10.2020 12:52:54
К #494 (https://forum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/index.php?msg=2044566)

https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/9650431 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/9650431)

Цитата7 ОКТ, 12:18
Зонд BepiColombo попытается найти следы жизни во время сближения с Венерой
Это произойдет уже через неделю

ТАСС, 7 октября. Европейско-японская миссия BepiColombo через неделю впервые сблизится с Венерой, изучит ее магнитосферу и попытается найти в нижних слоях ее атмосферы следы фосфина - газа предположительно биологического происхождения. Об этом рассказал научный руководитель проекта BepiColombo Йоханнес Бенкхофф.

"Это сближение с Венерой стало особенно интересным благодаря недавним новостям (https://tass.ru/nauka/9455945) об открытии фосфина в облачном слое атмосферы этой планеты. Мы попытаемся использовать инструмент MERTIS для того, чтобы найти молекулы этого газа. Шансы на это достаточно призрачные, однако ничто не мешает нам попытаться это сделать", - отметил Бенкхофф, выступая на XI Московском международном симпозиуме по исследованиям Солнечной системы в Институте космических исследований РАН.

Как отметил Бенкхофф, 15 октября зонд BepiColombo впервые сблизится с Венерой для гравитационного маневра, который выведет его на курс сближения с Меркурием. Во время этой процедуры ученые планируют включить и проверить работу некоторых инструментов миссии - как это произошло в апреле 2020 года, когда европейско-японская миссия сблизилась с Землей и Луной.

Во время сближения с Венерой ученые планируют не только изучить состав и свойства ее атмосферы, но и попытаются найти следы так называемой кислородной короны планеты, которую открыли инструменты советского аппарата "Венера-11" и американского зонда "Пионер-Венера" в конце 1970-х годов. Последующие миссии не подтвердили ее существования, из-за чего планетологи не перестают спорить до сих пор.

"Во время первого сближения с Венерой мы пролетим на расстоянии в 16,6 тыс. км от центра планеты. Это достаточно большая дистанция для подобных измерений, однако во время второй встречи с этой планетой, которое произойдет в следующем году, мы приблизимся на расстояние в 550 километров от ее поверхности. Благодаря этому мы получим гораздо более детальные данные", - подытожил руководитель миссии.

Миссия на Меркурий
Программу BepiColombo с 2008 года ведут Европейское (ЕКА) и Японское (JAXA) аэрокосмические агентства. В ходе миссии к Меркурию должны будут доставить два орбитальных аппарата. Их цель - всестороннее изучить планету и окружающее ее пространство, включая невидимую с Земли сторону Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Некоторые научные приборы, которые установлены на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, европейского зонда MPO и японского аппарата MMO, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании комплекса MGNS, который состоит из двух нейтронных спектрометров.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.10.2020 15:15:31
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/9653047 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/9653047)

Цитата7 ОКТ, 14:24
На пути к Меркурию BepiColombo зафиксировал 42 гамма-вспышки
Это поможет локализовать источники одного из самых загадочных явлений во Вселенной - гамма-вспышек

ТАСС, 7 октября. Российский прибор MGNS, установленный на борту одного из аппаратов миссии BepiColombo, зафиксировал на пути к Меркурию 42 гамма-вспышки и локализовал точное положение нескольких из них. Об этом рассказал старший научный сотрудник Института космических исследований (ИКИ) РАН Александр Козырев.

"Наш прибор будет непрерывно работать и собирать данные на протяжении всех семи лет полета к Меркурию. Сейчас мы фиксируем примерно 4-5 гамма-вспышки в месяц, это примерно пятая часть от того числа событий, которые зафиксировали обсерватории. Мы надеемся, что с помощью параллельных наблюдений мы сможем составить высококачественную карту этих событий на ночном небе", - рассказал Козырев, выступая на XI Московском симпозиуме по изучению Солнечной системы, который проходит в Институте космических исследований РАН.

Программу BepiColombo с 2008 года ведут Европейское (ЕКА) и Японское (JAXA) аэрокосмические агентства. В ходе миссии к Меркурию должны будут доставить два орбитальных аппарата. Их цель - всестороннее изучить планету и окружающее ее пространство, включая невидимую с Земли сторону Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года.

Некоторые научные приборы, которые установлены на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, европейского зонда MPO и японского аппарата MMO, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании комплекса MGNS, который состоит из двух нейтронных спектрометров. С их помощью ученые надеются узнать несколько самых больших тайн Меркурия, в том числе то, есть ли вода в кратерах на его полюсах, как она туда попала и есть ли различные летучие вещества в недрах планеты.

Аппарат BepiColombo начал свою научную работу еще в дороге к Меркурию. Сейчас ученые используют его для наблюдений за одним из самых загадочных явлений космоса - гамма-вспышками. Они возникают в последние мгновения жизни крупных звезд.

Перепись мощнейших катаклизмов Вселенной

Когда такие светила умирают, сила притяжения формирующейся в результате черной дыры или нейтронной звезды оказывается настолько высока, что их останки не разбрасываются по окружающему пространству, а объединяются в своеобразный "бублик". Часть его материи поглощает черная дыра, а останки разгоняются до сверхвысокой скорости и выбрасываются в открытый космос, испуская столько же энергии, сколько Солнце и другие небольшие звезды вырабатывают за все время существования.

Сейчас ученые могут локализовать положение этих вспышек лишь в "двумерном" виде. Они не могут точно узнать, на каком расстоянии от Земли произошел этот катаклизм. Благодаря BepiColombo астрономы могут решить эту проблему. Локализовать источники гамма-всплесков в трехмерном виде можно будет с помощью трех далеких друг от друга объектов в космосе - нейтронных спектрометров HEND и MGNS, которые находятся на борту зондов Mars Odyssey и BepiColombo, а также земных телескопов.

Для этого ученые отслеживают, как быстро гамма-вспышка достигает каждой из трех точек. В этому случае определить положение галактики, где погибла звезда, породившая такой катаклизм, и расстояние до нее, можно по расхождениям во времени.

Как отметил Козырев, российские астрономы и их европейские коллеги уже использовали такой подход, чтобы локализовать несколько самых ярких вспышек последних двух лет, таких как GRB200829A и GRB190530A. Это подтвердило его работоспособность. Благодаря этому ученые уточнили положение источников этих всплесков.

В свою очередь, множество событий, которые фиксируют MGNS и HEND, как подытожил ученый, дает надежду на быстрое составление большого каталога подобных событий с точно установленными координатами и положением в пространстве.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.10.2020 19:34:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi @ESA_Bepi 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1315946307866025985)

I'm still a couple of days from closest approach but I've started collecting #data (https://twitter.com/hashtag/data?src=hashtag_click) while in #Venus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Venus?src=hashtag_click) neighbourhood! Will be trying some of these (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/1f447.svg) observations... and maybe have some time for solar wind surfing?! (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/2600.svg) (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/3030.svg) (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/1f7e0.svg) (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/3030.svg) (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/1f3c4-200d-2642-fe0f.svg)

#BepiColomboVenusFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboVenusFlyby?src=hashtag_click)

https://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/Venus_flyby_science_operations... (https://t.co/6EyyQ0jOJ2?amp=1)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EkMsuy0WkAAYT6K?format=jpg&name=medium)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.10.2020 19:36:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/540179912741498880/9djuNCtI_bigger.png) BepiColombo @BepiColombo 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1316026428173897730)

For those that really like all the scientific details, we've updated our dedicated #BepiColomboVenusFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboVenusFlyby?src=hashtag_click) webpage, including detailed flyby geometry, and instrument operations  (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/1f449.svg) https://cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo-flyby/venus1flyby (https://t.co/VaaBLfo1YZ?amp=1)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.10.2020 19:38:03
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell @planet4589 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1316039319719759880)

Correction: Bepi will be in the Venusian gravitational sphere starting at 1727 UTC - I was using an old version of the trajectory before.
Цитатаhttps://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1316026428173897730 (https://twitter.com/BepiColombo/status/1316026428173897730)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 14.10.2020 06:28:58
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell @planet4589 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1316179573600661505)

BepiColombo is now less than 1 million km from Venus, falling into its gravity well. The flyby will change its solar orbit from 0.63 x 1.01 AU x 1.7 deg to 0.52 x 0.83 AU x 3.4 deg
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 08:14:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell @planet4589 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1316560440365912065)

The @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) / @jaxa_jp (https://twitter.com/JAXA_jp) BepiColombo probe is now (0358 UTC) passing closest approach in its Venus-1 flyby, 10750 km above the Venusian surface.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 08:45:17
https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_s_first_glimpse_of_Venus (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_s_first_glimpse_of_Venus)

ЦитатаBepiColombo's first glimpse of Venus

15/10/2020

The joint European-Japanese BepiColombo mission captured its first glimpse of Venus on 14 October 2020 as the spacecraft approached the planet for a gravity assist manoeuvre a day later.

The image was taken at 07:25 UTC within 600 000 km of Venus. The image was taken by the Mercury Transfer Module's Monitoring Camera 3. The cameras provide black-and-white snapshots in 1024 x 1024 pixel resolution.

Venus appears towards the left, close to the spacecraft structure. The high-gain antenna of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter is also visible a the top of the view.

The manoeuvre, the first at Venus and the second of nine flybys overall, helped steer the spacecraft on course for Mercury. During its seven-year cruise to the smallest and innermost planet of the Solar System, BepiColombo makes one flyby at Earth, two at Venus and six at Mercury to brake against the gravitational pull of the Sun in order to enter orbit around Mercury. BepiColombo, which comprises ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), is scheduled to reach its target orbit around the smallest and innermost planet of the Solar System in 2025.

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/10/bepicolombo_s_first_glimpse_of_venus/22262731-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_s_first_glimpse_of_Venus.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: тавот от 15.10.2020 11:39:38
Фосфин подтвердили ?
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 15.10.2020 11:46:18
Переэкспонировали :)
http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_images_Venus_during_close_approach (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_images_Venus_during_close_approach)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 14:15:39
Цитата: PIN от 15.10.2020 11:46:18Переэкспонировали :)
http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_images_Venus_during_close_approach (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/BepiColombo_images_Venus_during_close_approach)
Угу. Почти через сутки с расстояния в 17000 км  ;)


(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/10/bepicolombo_images_venus_during_close_approach/22262772-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_images_Venus_during_close_approach.jpg)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 19:15:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi @ESA_Bepi 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1316727500215586816)

Check out our #BepiColomboVenusFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboVenusFlyby?src=hashtag_click) moves! First we had to turn to point better at #Venus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Venus?src=hashtag_click) (you see it as Venus moving) and then you see us getting a bit closer (Venus getting bigger)!

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EkX0Yj_XgAAfX6W.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EkX0Yj_XgAAfX6W.mp4) (0:06)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 19:17:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/979327792226684929/J56x1juT_bigger.jpg) Bepi @ESA_Bepi 51 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESA_Bepi/status/1316761718228480000)

Here it is! Beautiful #Venus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Venus?src=hashtag_click) as we made closest approach today! Watch how we swing by the planet from day to nightside during #BepiColomboVenusFlyby (https://twitter.com/hashtag/BepiColomboVenusFlyby?src=hashtag_click)

http://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/Venus_setting (http://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/Venus_setting)

http://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/Venus_setting (http://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/10/Venus_setting)

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/10/venus_setting/22264138-3-eng-GB/Venus_setting.gif)
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.10.2020 19:47:19
https://tass.ru/kosmos/9731341 (https://tass.ru/kosmos/9731341)

Цитата15 ОКТ, 19:27
Зонд BepiColombo успешно совершил первое сближение с Венерой на пути к Меркурию
Собранные в ходе пролета через окрестности Венеры данные участники научной команды BepiColombo планируют передать коллегам, специализирующимся на изучении этой планеты

ТАСС, 15 октября. Европейско-японская миссия BepiColombo впервые сблизилась с Венерой, подойдя к ней на расстояние в 10,7 тыс. км для того, чтобы использовать притяжение планеты для коррекции орбиты и изучения свойства ее атмосферы. Об этом в четверг сообщила пресс-служба Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА).

Цитата"Во время недавнего сближения с Землей и Луной мы тоже включили инструменты, провели замеры, чье качество превзошло наши ожидания. Мы уверены, что не менее интересные сведения были собраны нашими приборами во время сближения с Венерой", - заявил Йоханнес Бенкхофф, научный руководитель проекта BepiColombo, чьи слова приводит пресс-служба ЕКА.

Как отметил Бенкхофф, во время сближения с Венерой ученые включили сразу семь научных инструментов, установленных на борту европейской половины миссии, зонда MPO, и три инструмента на борту его японского "собрата" MMO. Эти замеры были, в первую очередь, направлены на изучение свойств атмосферы Венеры, в том числе ее температуры и плотности на разных высотах, а также химического состава.

Данные, собранные в ходе пролета через окрестности Венеры, участники научной команды BepiColombo планируют передать коллегам, специализирующимся на изучении этой планеты. Они сопоставят их с аналогичными замерами, которые параллельно велись инструментами японского зонда "Акацуки", изучающего атмосферу Венеры с декабря 2015 года, а также рядом наземных обсерваторий.

Еще больше сведений, в том числе и потенциальные данные о наличии фосфена, предположительно биотического газа, ученые рассчитывают получить в следующем году, когда BepiColombo сблизится с Венерой на еще более близкое расстояние, составляющее около 550 километров. Эти замеры, как надеются ученые, помогут им подготовиться к первому сближению с Меркурием, которое намечено на октябрь 2021 года.

Миссия к Меркурию
Программа BepiColombo выполняется с 2008 года совместными усилиями ЕКА и JAXA. В ходе миссии к Меркурию должны быть доставлены два орбитальных аппарата, задачей которых станет всестороннее изучение ближайшей к Солнцу планеты и окружающего пространства, включая исследование невидимой с Земли стороны Меркурия. Согласно плану, зонды должны достичь цели к декабрю 2025 года после их успешного вывода на орбиту Земли в октябре прошлого года.

Ряд научных приборов, установленных на борту двух аппаратов BepiColombo, разработаны при участии российских специалистов. В частности, ученые из Института космических исследований РАН участвовали в создании комплекса MGNS, состоящего из двух нейтронных спектрометров. Они помогут ученым раскрыть несколько самых больших тайн Меркурия, в том числе то, есть ли вода в кратерах на его полюсах, если да, то как она туда попала, а также содержатся ли различные летучие вещества в недрах планеты.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 06.11.2020 21:15:39
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/9930147
ЦитатаСолнечный ветер застали за кражей венерианской атмосферы
ТАСС, 6 ноября. Космический аппарат BepiColombo впервые проследил за тем, как солнечный ветер сталкивается с атмосферой Венерой и уносит ее атомы в открытый космос. Японское агентство аэрокосмических исследований (JAXA) пишет об этом на своем сайте (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html).

"Мы впервые наблюдали за Венерой с помощью сразу трех разных космических миссий. Оказалось, что инструменты зонда MMO могут отслеживать состояние плазмы и "видеть" ионы, которые сбегают из атмосферы Венеры, даже в той неоптимальной конфигурации, в которой они находятся во время транзита к Меркурию", - говорится в сообщении (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html).

BepiColombo - это совместная миссия Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) и JAXA по исследованию Меркурия. На пути к первой планете Солнечной системы зонд должен совершить несколько гравитационных маневров вокруг Венеры.

Первое подобное сближение BepiColombo совершил в середине октября зонд BepiColombo, пролетев на расстоянии в 10,7 тыс. км от поверхности планеты. Ученые воспользовались этой возможностью, чтобы проверить научные инструменты миссии, а также больше узнать о свойствах венерианской атмосферы.

Во время сближения астрономы включили семь научных инструментов, установленных на борту европейской половины миссии, зонда MPO, и три инструмента на борту японской половины, MMO. В первую очередь астрономы хотели изучить свойства атмосферы Венеры, в том числе ее температуру и плотность на разных высотах, а также химического состава.

Параллельно с этим наблюдения проводили еще два космических аппарата - межпланетный зонд "Акацуки", который находится на орбите Венеры с 2015 года, и космический телескоп "Хисаки", который вывели на околоземную орбиту в сентябре 2013 года. Объединив собранные ими данные, японские планетологи впервые получили трехмерное изображение того, как солнечный ветер уносит атомы из верхних слоев атмосферы Венеры.

Ученые надеются, что эти данные помогут их коллегам точно оценить, как быстро атмосфера Венеры улетучивается в космос, а также впервые исследовать свойства границы, которая отделяет "хвост" из ионов, окружающий планету, и межпланетную среду. Дополнительные данные планетологи планируют получить в ходе второго сближения с Венерой, которое должно произойти в августе 2021 года.
Название: BepiColombo (MPO+MMO) - Ariane 5 ECA (VA245) - Kourou ELA-3 - 20.10.2018 - 04:45:35 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.11.2020 21:53:50
https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html)

Цитата
Results from Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter "Mio" captured during Venus flyby

November 4, 2020 (JST)

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

 The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and European Space Agency (ESA) have measured the trajectory of the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, known as "Mio," and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) following the Venus flyby on October 15, 2020. The two probes are cruising to Mercury as a composite spacecraft as part of the international BepiColombo*1 (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html#anchor01) mission to explore the innermost planet. We are pleased to announce that the spacecraft is traveling smoothly along the target trajectory.

 The October 15 Venus flyby was the first carried out by BepiColombo. The closest approach to Venus occurred at 12:58:31 JST at an altitude of 10,721.6 km (Figure 1, right). The gravity of Venus was used to decelerate the craft by about 3.25 km/s, the target value. The ESA deep space tracking station network for spacecraft operations has confirmed that the status of Mio and all other components of the spacecraft is currently normal.
 Before and after the Venus flyby, observations were performed with the instruments installed onboard BepiColombo. The Mercury Monitoring Cameras (MCAM) mounted on the Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) captured the appearance of Venus during the time of closest approach (Figure 2).

 In parallel with the Venus flyby by BepiColombo, joint observations of Venus were performed with the JAXA Venus climate orbiter, known as "Akatsuki," which is the only satellite currently orbiting Venus, as well as by the JAXA spectroscopic planet observatory, dubbed "HISAKI," which is orbiting the Earth (Figure 1, left). This is the first time that three of Japan's spacecraft missions have jointly realized simultaneous planetary observations. Before and after the flyby, Venus was imaged with the ultraviolent imager and long-wave infrared camera mounted on Akatsuki every one to two hours, observing the structure of the sunlit clouds (ultraviolet) and temperature distribution of the cloud tops (long-wave infrared) (Figure 3)*2 (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html#anchor02). Spectroscopic observations of the Venusian upper atmosphere in extreme ultraviolet were carried out by HISAKI for one week before and after the flyby.

 The scientific instruments installed on Mio also observed the solar wind and plasma environment around Venus. Figure 4 shows results from observations on October 15, 2020, between 03:00 and 06:20 UTC. The Mercury Plasma Particle Experiment (MPPE) revealed that the distribution of electrons around Venus differs from that in the solar wind and identified the existence of ions believed to originate from Venus (plasma sheet). We confirmed that the Plasma Wave Investigation (PWI) can measure signals even under the limited configuration adopted until the spacecraft's arrival at Mercury.Since much remains unknown about the plasma environment surrounding Venus, the observations taken by Mio during the flyby provide valuable data*3 (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html#anchor03).

 Through joint observation by the three missions, simultaneous observations of the plasma environment surrounding the atmosphere of Venus have been realized*4 (https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_e.html#anchor04). Further analysis through combining the observational data sets is expected to lead to new insights concerning Venus that were not previously obtainable.

 In addition to regular functions checks, BepiColombo is planned to carry out scientific observation operations during future planetary flybys and while cruising through interplanetary space. A second flyby of Venus on around August 10, 2021 is the next such scheduled event, with the closest altitude planned to be about 550 km.

(https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/images/20201104-1_01.png)

Figure 1: Relative positions of BepiColombo, Akatsuki and HISASKI before and after the Venus flyby.

(https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/images/20201104-1_02.jpg)

Figure 2: Venus captured by MCAM onboard the MTM just before the closest point of the flyby (credit: ESA/BepiColombo/MCAM)

(https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/images/20201104-1_03.png)

Figure 3: Venus captured by the UV imager and long-wave infrared camera onboard Akatsuki at around 13:00 JST on October 15, 2020
(credit: Planet-C Project Team).

(https://global.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/images/20201104-1_04.png)

Figure 4: Observation results captured during the Venus flyby by the Mercury Plasma Particle Experiment (MPPE) and the Plasma Wave Investigation (PWI) instruments onboard Mio.

*1: The international Mercury exploration mission, BepiColombo
This is a large joint mission between Japan and Europe to comprehensively observe Mercury through the use of two orbiting spacecraft. The two orbiters are the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) developed by the European Space Agency. The Ariane 5 rocket carrying the two spacecraft launched on Friday, October 19, 2018 at 22:45:28 (local time) (Saturday, October 20, 10:45:28 JST) from the Kourou Space Center in French Guiana. The rocket flew normally and the two spacecraft successfully separated about 26 minutes and 47 seconds after launch. 
BepiColombo will arrive at Mercury in about seven years and will put the first two satellites ever into orbit around the planet. This will be done by the separation of the electric propulsion module, which will have finished its role, after which first Mio then the MPO will be inserted into orbit and will begin making scientific observations.

*2: Supplementary information on the Akatsuki observations
The ultraviolent image is a pseudo-color composition image created from two types of Venus observation data taken at 13:01 and 13:05. Since we are observing the reflection of sunlight, only the planet's dayside hemisphere is bright, with shading on that side giving an indication of the amount of material in the clouds (darker shading indicates more clouds). The mid-infrared image is data taken at 13:08, with the temperature distribution colored like a thermograph. It shows the daytime and nighttime temperature at the cloud tops. (Akatsuki mission website: http://akatsuki.isas.jaxa.jp/en/ (http://akatsuki.isas.jaxa.jp/en/))

*3: Supplementary information on the observation by Mio
Unlike the Earth, Venus does not host a magnetic field and the solar wind therefore acts directly on the planet to form a shockwave front and ionospheric tail region. Examination of the electron energy distribution revealed that the interaction with Venus at the inner surface of the shockwave generates a more complex distribution compared to that in the stable solar wind. Moreover, since the ions travel almost linearly in the solar wind, they should be blocked from Mio's detectors by the sunshield surrounding the spacecraft. But the complex movements generated within the shockwave surface caused some ions to penetrate the shield and be detected. Plasma observations in the tail region of the Venusian ionosphere are still rare, making these observations valuable for understanding the effect of solar winds on celestial bodies that do not have a magnetic field. There is also the possibility that the signals observed during the flyby may have related to the boundary crossing. We plan to clarify the origin of these signals in future analysis.

*4: Supplementary information on the coordinated observation by BepiColombo, Akatsuki and HISAKI is available from the link below. (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/bepicolombo-is-set-for-science-as-the-spacecraft-performs-a-venus-swing-by/ (http://cosmos.isas.jaxa.jp/bepicolombo-is-set-for-science-as-the-spacecraft-performs-a-venus-swing-by/))


Оригинал на яп. яз. - https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_j.html (https://www.jaxa.jp/press/2020/11/20201104-1_j.html)