Форум Новости Космонавтики

Тематические разделы => Межпланетные станции и научные аппараты => Тема начата: Andrey Samoilov от 10.12.2013 23:48:15

Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 10.12.2013 23:48:15
Solar Orbiter будет проводить наблюдения за Солнцем с дистанции около 60 R, или 0.284 а.е.  Аппарат будет находиться к светилу ближе, чем все предыдущие миссии в истории.

Особое внимание космический зонд уделит солнечному ветру, потоку заряженных частиц, ответственных за полярные сияния.
Согласно проекту, в задачи обсерватории входит сбор достаточного количества данных для прояснения механизмов влияния Солнца на близкое окружение. В частности, ученые рассчитывают получить ответ, как именно Солнце порождает и ускоряет поток заряженных частиц, в котором купаются планеты.
http://www.biguniverse.ru/posts/sleduyushhie-kosmicheskie-missii-euclid-i-solar-orbiter/ (http://www.biguniverse.ru/posts/sleduyushhie-kosmicheskie-missii-euclid-i-solar-orbiter/)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 16.12.2013 19:00:35
Научные приборы находятся в процессе изготовления:

http://www.spacenews.com/article/civil-space/37724thales-alenia-cgs-to-build-telescope-for-europe%E2%80%99s-solar-orbiter
Thales Alenia Space's Italian division and Italy's CGS, a subsidiary of OHB of Germany, will build a visible and ultraviolet imaging telescope for Europe's future Solar Orbiter satellite under a contract with the Italian Space Agency (ASI) announced Oct. 16.
Under the contract, valued at 20 million euros ($27 million), Thales Alenia Space and CGS will build the Multi Element Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy (METIS), which will provide high-resolution images of the solar corona in visible and infrared light.
In addition to its METIS work with CGS, Thales Alenia Space is building Solar Orbiter's heat shield. The satellite is designed to operate at a distance of 0.28 astronomical units from the sun, and to withstand temperatures of up to 700 degrees Celsius.
http://www.spacenews.com/article/civil-space/37724thales-alenia-cgs-to-build-telescope-for-europe%E2%80%99s-solar-orbiter
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 23.12.2013 21:36:58
Работа продолжается:

http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/sri-international-and-towerjazz-deliver-first-solohi-cmos-imagers-to-the-naval-research-laboratory-for-solar-orbiter-mission-230017671.html
SRI International, working with specialty foundry leader TowerJazz, has delivered the first complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) imager engineering units to the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for use on the Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager (SoloHI) optical telescope. With its large field of view, SoloHI will make high-resolution images of the corona and solar wind and be able to connect remote sensing observations of the corona to the plasma being measured in situ at the spacecraft.
"This first delivery of our SoloHI high-performance CMOS imager technology to NRL for the Solar Orbiter space mission is an important step toward deploying this technology in a wide range of aerospace applications," said Mark Clifton, vice president, Products and Services at SRI International. "TowerJazz's radiation-hardened CMOS image sensor manufacturing process helped us achieve this innovative solution."
The SoloHI imager is a CMOS image sensor (CIS) built using customized 0.18-um CMOS technology. The radiation-hardened 2k x 2k (4-megapixel) CMOS imagers have passed engineering testing by SRI and are now ready for NRL test bed integration. The full-flight SoloHI focal plane will incorporate a mosaic of four imagers providing a 4k x 4k (16-megapixel) format.
The manufacturing platform for the SoloHI CMOS imager is the TowerJazz 0.18-um process running in Newport Beach, California. TowerJazz has been working with SRI for several years to support U.S. government imaging applications by developing custom technology with advanced radiation hardness, optimization for low read-out noise, and tailored for both frontside and backside illumination.
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/sri-international-and-towerjazz-deliver-first-solohi-cmos-imagers-to-the-naval-research-laboratory-for-solar-orbiter-mission-230017671.html
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 02.01.2014 22:26:12
1)  РИА Новости - Российский аппарат для изучения Солнца "Интергелиозонд", запуск которого планируется на 2015 год, возможно, будет работать совместно с европейской миссией Solar Orbiter, что позволит получать стереоскопические изображения Солнца, сообщил директор Института космических исследований РАН Лев Зеленый.
"Мы начали обсуждать это сотрудничество, объединение данных позволит получать стереоизображения Солнца, более полные данные об активности", -- сказал Зеленый на конференции в ИКИ.

2)  В Англии создают новый международный центр по слежению за солнечной активностью:
http://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1113035465/space-weather-24-hour-surveillance-forecasts-122613/
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 21.01.2014 22:24:46
16th January 2014
http://csironewsblog.com/2014/01/16/taking-photos-of-the-sun-to-new-fahrenheits/
The European Solar Orbiter project has taken another step towards launch-readiness, with Australia's CSIRO delivering the last of the optical filters that the orbiter needs to image the sun.
The filters have to be extremely robust to survive the Orbiter's 10 year mission in space. We had to design them to withstand the forceful vibration of the spacecraft's launch as well as the ongoing intense heat and high energy radiation fr om the sun.
The filters are now in the hands of the Max Planck Institute for Solar Systems Research, lead agency for this instrument, where they will be integrated into the spacecraft.
http://csironewsblog.com/2014/01/16/taking-photos-of-the-sun-to-new-fahrenheits/
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 13.02.2014 21:59:37
12 February 2014
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering/Prehistoric_cave_pigment_to_shield_ESA_s_solar_probe
A pigment once daubed onto prehistoric cave paintings is set to protect ESA's Solar Orbiter mission from the Sun's close-up glare. Burnt bone charcoal will be applied to the spacecraft's titanium heatshield using a novel technique.
The material Enbio will apply to the outermost titanium sheet of Solar Orbiter's multi-layered heatshield is called 'Solar Black' - a type of black calcium phosphate processed from burnt bone charcoal.
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering/Prehistoric_cave_pigment_to_shield_ESA_s_solar_probe

Материал, который будет применяться для обработки внешнего титанового покрытия теплозащитного экрана, получил название «Solar Black». Он представляет собой один из видов фосфата кальция (это вещество входит в состав животного угля (жжёной кости).
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 19.03.2014 19:22:51
ЦитатаMarch 19, 2014
http://spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=42822
NASA's Launch Services Program announced today that it sel ected United Launch Alliance's (ULA's) proven Atlas V vehicle to launch its next-generation sun explorer called Solar Orbiter. This award resulted fr om a competitive procurement under NASA Launch Services contracts that considered multiple launch providers.
"We are honored that NASA has selected ULA to provide the launch service for this exciting science mission," said Jim Sponnick, ULA vice president of Atlas and Delta Programs. "ULA has enjoyed a strong partnership with NASA and our highly reliable Atlas V vehicle has successfully launched numerous missions including Pluto New Horizons, Juno, Mars Science Lab and most recently the Maven mission to Mars."
The Solar Orbiter mission is scheduled to launch in July 2017 fr om Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. This mission will launch aboard an Atlas V 411 Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV), which includes a 4-meter diameter payload fairing and one solid rocket motor.
http://spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=42822

НАСА собирается запустить Solar Orbiter в 2017 году с помощью ракеты Atlas V.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 25.03.2014 20:09:58
ЦитатаLater this year a prototype heatshield for ESA's 2017 Solar Orbiter mission will be put through its paces in this manner.
http://spaceref.com/commercial-space/esas-large-space-simulator.html

В этом году планируется провести тестирование прототипа теплозащитного экрана для Solar Orbiter.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 07.05.2014 13:32:41
ЦитатаSunshield of our Solar Orbiter endures test temperatures of up to 520deg
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2014/05/Solar_Orbiter_sunshield
This engineering model of the sunshield, sandwiched together from multiple layers of titanium and outermost carbon coating, was placed in the 15 m-high and 10 m-diameter Large Space Simulator at ESA's Technical Centre, ESTEC, in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, on 2 May.
Then the light from 19 xenon lamps, each consuming 25 kW, will be tightly focused by mirrors into a concentrated beam of artificial sunlight upon the sunshield for a number of days.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2014/05/solar_orbiter_sunshield/14506602-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_sunshield_node_full_image.jpg)

Тестирование прототипа теплозащитного экрана
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 04.06.2014 22:44:56
Успех!  Защита аппарата достойно выдержала испытание.
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering/Solar_Orbiter_s_shield_takes_Sun_s_heat


Sunshield of our Solar Orbiter endures test temperatures of up to 520deg
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2014/05/Solar_Orbiter_sunshield
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Andrey Samoilov от 14.03.2015 23:11:09
http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=45320
Solar Orbiter's STM will leave Airbus Defence and Space in UK on 23rd March., to be delivered to IABG, near Munich in Germany, for mechanical testing. This is an important step in the verification phase of the project. Scheduled to be launched in 2018, the Solar Orbiter mission will study in unprecedented detail how our Sun creates and controls the heliosphere, the bubble of space filled with particles and fields in which the Earth orbits.
http://www.theguardian.com/science/across-the-universe/2015/mar/14/esas-solar-orbiter-mission-crucial-milestone

At the end of this three-month test campaign, the STM will be shipped back to Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage for the Stood-Off Radiator Assemblies (SORA) to be integrated. Later in the year, it will be shipped again to IABG for thermal testing.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 13.04.2015 19:16:21
Может все-таки разделим темы: отдельно для проектов ESA и NASA ?

Создал отдельный топик для НАСАвского Solar Probe Plus - http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/forum11/topic14800/
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: che wi от 13.04.2015 19:19:32
Запуск европейского Solar Orbiter перенесли на 2018 год.

Solar Orbiter launch moved to 2018
http://sci.esa.int/solar-orbiter/55772-solar-orbiter-launch-moved-to-2018/

ЦитатаThe launch of Solar Orbiter, an ESA mission to explore the Sun in unprecedented detail, is now planned to take place in October 2018. The launch was previously targeted for July 2017.

"The decision to postpone the launch was taken in order to ensure that all of the spacecraft's scientific goals will be achieved, with all the system's components adequately tested prior to sending the spacecraft to the launch site," said Philippe Kletzkine, ESA's project manager for Solar Orbiter.

"This will allow us to ensure that this complex mission will be able to meet all of its scientific objectives."
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/54051)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 13.05.2016 15:34:17
И по основным компонентам НКУ идут работы
http://blogs.esa.int/rocketscience/2016/05/12/solar-orbiter-mission-control-system-first-data/
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: instml от 26.06.2016 20:46:04
Space Electronic Systems Prototype Development (SESPD)

Orbital ATK has been providing support to the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) since the 1980s on this and several predecessor contracts. Through SESPD, Orbital ATK provides program management, engineering, and manufacturing services for NRL's Naval Center for Space Technology along with a team of specialty subcontractors. Activities include technical support for the design, development, fabrication, integration, test, launch, and operations of in-house spacecraft, instruments, and other technical systems for NRL. Work in Orbital ATK's Manufacturing and Integration Facility (MITF) in Beltsville, MD has provided quick reaction fabrication of circuit card assemblies, including Ceramic Column Grid Array (CCGA). Orbital ATK support has also included subcontract procurement and management of major flight hardware items.

Projects that have been supported include:

SoloHi - Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager
WISPR - Wide-Field Image for Solar PRobe Plus
MIS - Microwave Imager Sounder
RSGS - Robotic Servicing of Geostationary Satellites
JMAPS - Joint Milli-Arcsecond Pathfinder Survey
SSULI - Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager
MiTEx Upper Stage - Micro-Satellite Technology Experiment
SECCHI - Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation

https://www.orbitalatk.com/space-systems/technical-services/SESPD/default.aspx
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 06.02.2019 18:20:11
Пора оживить - до первой возможности запуска остался год. Аппарат сейчас в TVAC http://sci.esa.int/solar-orbiter/60988-solar-orbiter-receives-its-sunblock/
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 02.04.2019 23:56:14
http://sci.esa.int/solar-orbiter/61259-3-good-vibes-for-solar-orbiter/ (http://sci.esa.int/solar-orbiter/61259-3-good-vibes-for-solar-orbiter/)
Цитата#3: Good vibes for Solar Orbiter
01 April 2019 13:54
Having successfully completed its thermal-vacuum tests in December, Solar Orbiter has been subjected to a new series of arduous environmental tests at the IABG facility in Ottobrunn, Germany, including intense shaking of the spacecraft to ensure that it will survive the stress of launch.
Solar Orbiter during thermal-vacuum tests. Click here (http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=61260) for details and large versions of the video. Credit: Airbus Defence and Space/IABG.
The year began with alignment checks of all the instruments, thrusters and other critical components on the Solar Orbiter Protoflight Model (PFM). This was done to demonstrate the thermal stability of these sensitive components when exposed to the extreme temperature variations and vacuum conditions of deep space. The checks were passed with flying colours.
The spacecraft, in a stowed configuration as it will be within the shroud of the Atlas V launch vehicle, was then built up into a more complete representation of the flight model, prior to the start of the mechanical vibration test campaign.
Two solar arrays were fitted onto the spacecraft. These have been specially designed to ensure they provide sufficient electrical power and survive the intense solar heat, whilst minimising the influence of stray light and build-up of electrical charge on the platform and instruments during Solar Orbiter's close approaches to the Sun.
The instrument boom, fitted with its full suite of scientific instruments, was also integrated to the spacecraft's platform and further reference alignment measurements were carried out.
Now in its full flight configuration, but with all appendages still stowed, the spacecraft went through a number of pre-vibration manual deployment tests. These will be used as a reference for comparison with the final 'live-fire' deployment tests that will be conducted after the vibration test campaign.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/104210)
Preparations for Solar Orbiter vibration test. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
These preliminary tests were completed for the instrument boom and both solar arrays, as well as the high-gain and medium-gain antennas. The manual deployment tests confirmed that no snags could occur during the initial deployment.
Since the various appendages are not designed for deployment under Earth gravity, the procedure required a series of specially designed off-load rigs. These allow near frictionless deployment of the suspended parts, while simulating the weightlessness of space.
To enable each off-load rig to protect the deployable hardware, the spacecraft had to be orientated during each test so that the plane of the deployment was parallel to the ground.
Once the tests were completed, all of the deployed items were re-stowed and small hold-down-and-release devices were attached to them, ready to be fired after completion of the vibration test campaign.
Shaking All Over
The mechanical vibration test phase is designed to confirm and verify the suitability of the spacecraft to survive the lift-off and journey to reach its operational orbits around the Sun. The testing was divided into two parts.
The first of these, the sine vibration test campaign, replicated the powerful thrust of the Atlas V launcher, sudden engine cut-offs and lateral wind shear events throughout the launch and ascent, by mounting the spacecraft on an electro-mechanical shaker.
The sine vibrations were applied separately up to a frequency of 100 Hz in three axes. A series of low-level signature runs was made before and after the main qualifying events, to determine whether the PFM's structural integrity had changed. These proved that the spacecraft was able to survive the heavy shaking to which it was exposed.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/104211)
Solar Orbiter during preparations for vibration testing. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
This mechanical shaking was followed by acoustic tests, which covered the frequency spectrum from just below 100 Hz all the way up to 8 kHz. The largest excitations in the acoustic chamber existed in the approximate range of 100 to 500 Hz.
A number of tests were undertaken as the acoustic noise pressure was steadily increased toward the final qualification levels required by the Solar Orbiter PFM.
Once the major segments of vibration testing were completed, the electrical health of the spacecraft was checked, in order to confirm survivability of all electrical systems.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/104212)
Preparations for Solar Orbiter vibration test. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
After the successful completion of the mechanical vibration tests, the team has re-measured the alignments of all instruments and other critical items. The data demonstrated very good alignment stability, in particular for the remote-sensing optical instruments.
Meanwhile, all the deployable appendages on the spacecraft are being deployed again, using the off-load rigs. This time, however, the various hold-down devices are all being fired to simulate post-launch deployment of both antennas, the solar arrays and the instrument boom. The boom has two phases of deployment, but only the first can be effectively deployed on the ground.
These deployed structures will then be returned to their stowed configuration and the hold-down release mechanisms will be re-commissioned, ready for flight.
A set of measurements of the spacecraft's mass properties in its stowed configuration will also be completed by the end of March. For this, the spacecraft will be mounted on a mass property measurement rig that performs a series of tilt and rotation operations. This determines the inertia, mass and centre of gravity of the spacecraft, characteristics that are important to enable the attitude/orientation control system to control Solar Orbiter's orientation once in space.
Later in the year, a new series of tests is planned to determine the magnetic signature of the spacecraft. These checks will be carried out in a facility that is largely made of non-magnetic materials like wood and aluminium and has a minimum metallic content, enabling the spacecraft's magnetic characteristics to be measured in isolation from external influences.
About Solar Orbiter
Solar Orbiter's mission is to perform unprecedented close-up observations of the Sun. Its unique orbit will allow scientists to study the Sun and its corona in much more detail than previously possible, and to observe specific features for longer periods than can ever be reached by any spacecraft circling the Earth. In addition, Solar Orbiter will measure the solar wind close to the Sun, in an almost pristine state, and provide high-resolution images of the uncharted polar regions of the Sun.
It will carry 10 state-of-the-art instruments. Remote-sensing payloads will perform high-resolution imaging of the Sun's atmosphere - the corona - as well as the solar disk. Other instruments will measure the solar wind and the solar magnetic fields in the vicinity of the orbiter. This will give us unprecedented insight into how our parent star works, and how we can better predict periods of stormy space weather, which are related to coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that the Sun throws our way from time to time.
Scheduled for launch in February 2020, Solar Orbiter will take just under two years to reach its initial operational orbit, taking advantage of gravity-assist flybys of Earth and Venus, and will subsequently enter a highly elliptical orbit around the Sun.
Solar Orbiter is an ESA-led mission with strong NASA participation.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 03.04.2019 00:18:56
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljYeEsGolSY
ЦитатаTesting Solar Orbiter
European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljYeEsGolSY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljYeEsGolSY)3:56
Опубликовано: 2 апр. 2019 г.
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft is undergoing important pre-launch tests at the IABG National Space Centre in Ottobrunn, Germany, ahead of its launch, scheduled for February 2020.
The mission will study the Sun, but first the spacecraft must pass vibration, acoustic and shock tests. This will ensure the spacecraft can withstand the stresses of lift off and the extreme environments it will encounter while in orbit around the Sun - from the coldness of space, 150 million km away, to temperatures up to 500 ºC reached when it will be a mere 46 million km away, closer than Mercury.
Solar Orbiter is an ESA-led mission with strong NASA participation. The spacecraft was built and is being tested by Airbus.
This film contains interviews with César García, ESA Solar Orbiter Project Manager, and Ian Walters, Solar Orbiter Project Manager at Airbus Defence and Space....
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 25.09.2019 12:37:10
Текущие планы:

ЦитатаDate - Satellite(s) - Rocket - Launch Site - Time (UTC)

2020
February 6 - Solar Orbiter (SolO) [LWS-5 Living With a Star mission-5] - Atlas V 411 (AV-0??) - Canaveral SLC-41 - 04:27
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 25.09.2019 12:39:23
Надо бы заголовок темы поправить.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 25.09.2019 13:55:14
Время пуска узнаем только пост-фактум. В каждый из нескольких дней февраля есть 2х часовое окно, сообщаться будет его начало на планируемую дату.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 19.10.2019 20:35:27
https://sci.esa.int/web/solar-orbiter/-/solar-orbiter-ready-to-depart-europe (https://sci.esa.int/web/solar-orbiter/-/solar-orbiter-ready-to-depart-europe)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter ready to depart Europe
18 October 2019

 ESA's Solar Orbiter mission has completed its test campaign in Europe and is now being packed ready for its journey to Cape Canaveral at the end of this month, ahead of launch in February 2020.  (https://sci.esa.int/documents/34903/35595/Solar_Orbiter_artist_impression_20190916_1_625.jpg) (https://sci.esa.int/web/solar-orbiter/-/artist-s-impression-of-solar-orbiter-1)Artist's impression of Solar Orbiter. Credit: ESA/ATG medialabThe spacecraft was on display today for the final time in Europe, at the IABG test centre near Munich, Germany. It was built at Airbus Stevenage, UK, and has spent the last year at IABG undergoing essential testing such as checking deployment mechanisms, and that it can withstand the vibrations of launch, and the thermal extremes and vacuum of space. It has now been declared ready for shipment to the launch site and will travel an Antonov cargo plane on 31 October.

(https://sci.esa.int/documents/34903/35595/Solar_Orbiter_at_IABG_295w.jpg) (https://sci.esa.int/web/solar-orbiter/-/solar-orbiter-at-iabg)Solar Orbiter at IABG. Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
Once launched it will follow an elliptical path around the Sun, at its closest bringing it within the orbit of Mercury, just 42 million kilometres from the Sun. As such, Sun-facing parts of the spacecraft have to withstand temperatures of more than 500°C - due to solar radiation thirteen times more intense than for Earth-orbiting satellites - while other parts remain in shadow at -180°C.


The mission is essential to learn more about the Sun-Earth connection. We live inside a giant bubble of plasma generated by the Sun that surrounds the entire Solar System, within which we are prey to space weather. Solar Orbiter will provide a deeper understanding as to how activity on the Sun is linked to these solar storms, which can disrupt electrical systems, satellite communications, GPS, and create higher doses of radiation for polar flights and astronauts


Цитата"Solar Orbiter is set for answering some of the biggest scientific questions about our star, and its data will help us to better protect our planet from the global challenges of space weather," says Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science.

Цитата"Thanks to the hard work of our teams building and testing this inspiring space mission, we've reached an important milestone today in Europe, and the spacecraft will now be readied for its final phase of pre-launch preparations at Cape Canaveral."

Solar Orbiter will launch on a NASA-provided Atlas V 411. The launch is currently scheduled in the early hours of 6 February (UTC). Once in space, and over the course of several years, it will use the gravity of Venus and Earth to raise its orbit above the poles of the Sun, providing new perspectives on our star, including the first images of the Sun's polar regions.
Its complementary suite of instruments means it will be able to study the plasma environment locally around the spacecraft, and collect data from the Sun from afar, connecting the dots between the Sun's activity, and the space environment in the inner Solar System.
Solar Orbiter is an ESA mission with strong NASA participation. The prime contractor is Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, UK. It follows in the legacy of missions such as Ulysses (1990-2009) and SOHO (1995-present) and will also provide complementary datasets to NASA's Parker Solar Probe that will allow more science to be distilled from the two missions than either could achieve on their own.

For more information please contact:
ESA Newsroom and Media Relations
 Email: media(https://sci.esa.int/o/esa-science-theme/images/external/a.png)esa.int

Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 19.10.2019 20:42:17
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-invites-media-to-launch-of-solar-orbiter-spacecraft (https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-invites-media-to-launch-of-solar-orbiter-spacecraft)
Цитата... The spacecraft will launch at 11:15 p.m. on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 411 rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral. NASA's Launch Services Program is managing the launch.
...
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.10.2019 22:34:59
https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/22/british-built-solar-probe-shipping-to-florida-launch-site-before-brexit-deadline/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/22/british-built-solar-probe-shipping-to-florida-launch-site-before-brexit-deadline/)
ЦитатаBritish-built solar probe shipping to Florida launch site before Brexit deadline
October 22, 2019 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Solar-Orbiter-Copy-Airbus-2019.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft is ready for shipment fr om a test center in Ottobrunn, Germany, to NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for final launch preparations. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space

The European Space Agency's Solar Orbiter spacecraft -- assembled in Britain and set for liftoff in February -- has completed environmental testing in Germany and is scheduled to ride a cargo plane to NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida to begin launch preparations Oct. 31, several weeks earlier than planned to avoid complications stemming fr om Brexit.

The robotic solar probe will be packaged inside a pristine shipping container for the trans-Atlantic flight from Germany to the Shuttle Landing Facility runway at Kennedy. Ground teams will then transport the spacecraft to the Astrotech processing facility in Titusville for final functional tests, fueling and encapsulation inside the payload shroud of a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket.

The mission is jointly managed and funded by ESA, individual European member states, and NASA, with the U.S. space agency responsible for providing a launch for Solar Orbiter.

Liftoff of the Atlas 5 with Solar Orbiter from Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad is scheduled during a two-hour window opening at 11:27 p.m. EST (0427 GMT on Feb. 6), according to Tim Dunn, the NASA launch director for the mission.

Airbus Defense and Space built the Solar Orbiter spacecraft at the company's facility in Stevenage, England, north of London. The spacecraft departed the Airbus factory last year to begin a year-long test series at IABG in Ottobrunn, Germany, near Munich.

Solar Orbiter recently finished testing in Germany, and engineers confirmed the spacecraft can withstand the vibrations of launch and the extreme environmental conditions of space.

Günther Hasinger, the director of science programs at ESA, said mission managers decided to ship the spacecraft from its test site in Germany to the United States before the United Kingdom's current date to leave the European Union on Oct. 31.

"There was a worry at some point, if a hard Brexit were to happen on the 31st of October, this could actually cause some severe disturbances in terms of customs," Hasinger said. "It was a kind of risk mitigation assessment. We said let's ship as early as possible just to avoid any turbulence."

Although the spacecraft is currently in Germany, much of the hardware on Solar Orbiter originated in Britain, which raises export concerns related to Brexit, officials said. The date for Brexit, and whether Britain will leave the EU with or without a withdrawal agreement, remained unclear as of Tuesday (https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-50146182).

The United Kingdom will remain a member state of ESA.

After launch, Solar Orbiter, or SolO, will use use gravitational assist flybys with Earth and Venus, placing the spacecraft in an orbit inside that of Mercury in 2022. Working in tandem with NASA's Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter will provide scientists will detailed measurements of the solar wind, and search for the drivers behind massive eruptions like solar flares.

"Solar Orbiter is clearly a new class in its own," Hasinger said. "It has loads of instruments, which will go not as close as Parker Solar Probe, but quite close. Solar Orbiter will also have eyes. Parker Solar Probe can only sense and measure the plasma and the magnetic field, but Solar Orbiter also has six instruments that can really look at the sun, which is quite a challenge when you think it is reaching an environment wh ere it's about 600 degrees Celsius (1,100 degrees Fahrenheit). It's like being in a pizza oven, so you have to make sure that you don't burn the instruments."

Parker Solar Probe , launched last year, faces much hotter conditions, wh ere scorching temperatures would melt any camera exposed to the sun.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Solar_Orbiter_pillars.jpg)
Artist's concept of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab

The planetary flybys will also use gravity to nudge Solar Orbiter into an inclined orbit around the sun, outside of the plane of the planets.

"One additional interesting element that has never been done before is that Solar Orbiter will be able to image the poles of the sun," Hasinger said. "There are still mysteries around our understanding of the energy sources in the sun that produces the magnetic field and solar flares. A lot of people now think that some of the mysteries are actually hidden in the poles, which we have never seen."

Scientists say the polar regions may also play a role in regulating the sun's 11-year cycle.

ESA funded more than half of Solar Orbiter's budget, and development of the mission took a few years longer than anticipated. When ESA approved the mission in 2012, Solar Orbiter was planned for launch in 2017.

The rest of the funding came from NASA and European member states, which paid for Solar Orbiter's launch and scientific instruments.

"If you add up everything, it ends up in the 1.4 to 1.5 billion euro ($1.5 billion to $1.7 billion) range," Hasinger said.

Before Solar Orbiter's launch in February, ULA plans another Atlas 5 launch set for Dec. 17 carrying Boeing's Starliner crew capsule into Earth orbit on its first unpiloted test flight to the International Space Station. The Orbital Flight Test mission, under contract to NASA, is a prerequisite for astronaut flights on the Starliner spacecraft next year.

After another round of delays, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said this month that the commercial crew program is the agency's highest priority. Until new crew capsules from Boeing and SpaceX begin flying, NASA must rely on Russian Soyuz spacecraft to ferry astronauts to and from the space station.

In an interview last week, Dunn said launching the Starliner capsule Dec. 17 and then Solar Orbiter on Feb. 5 would be a "pretty quick turnaround" for the Atlas 5 team.

But it's doable, he said.

"ULA continues sharpening their pencils and the dates are kind of fluid right now, but they believe that they have about a week-and-half, or just under two weeks, of opportunities for Starliner and the OFT mission beginning on the 17th (of December)," Dunn said. "So they were talking, kind of in rough terms ,probably 11 opportunities, maybe the 17th through the 27th before things would then begin to put some pressure on the Solar Orbiter mission."

Stacking of the Atlas 5 rocket for Solar Orbiter is currently scheduled for Jan. 3, Dunn said.

Solar Orbiter has 19 daily launch opportunities through Feb. 23. If the mission is not launched in February, Solar Orbiter's next opportunity to leave Earth is in October 2020, when the Earth and Venus are again in the correct position in the solar system to enable the spacecraft's series of planetary flybys.

If the Starliner test flight is delayed more than a couple of weeks, NASA leaders will have to decide whether to prioritize the commercial crew demonstration mission or Solar Orbiter in ULA's launch manifest. Dunn said teams at Kennedy is providing updates on the Starliner and Solar Orbiter launch opportunities to NASA Headquarters, just in case senior agency managers prioritize one launch over the other.

In addition to the high priority assigned to NASA's commercial crew program, Solar Orbiter's limited planetary launch opportunities, the spacecraft's previous delays, and the international nature of the mission could also factor in to the agency's decision.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 24.10.2019 09:18:35
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
Solar Orbiter has 19 daily launch opportunities through Feb. 23.
Здесь они заблуждаются, реально "окно" куда короче
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.10.2019 02:13:02
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

28 окт. 2019 г.

Engineers have completed their testing of ESA's Solar Orbiter spacecraft in preparation for launch early next year.
Equipped with a suite of ten instruments, Solar Orbiter will capture the closest ever pictures of our star, the first images of its poles, and make detailed observations of solar activity. Its specially designed heatshield is capable of enduring temperatures of more than 500 degrees Celsius.

Over the past year, Solar Orbiter has been undergoing a series of rigorous tests at the IABG test centre near Munich, Germany. The spacecraft is due to be packed into an Antonov cargo plane on 31 October for shipping to Florida. Launch on an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral, is planned for February 2020.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8h6btTJDMQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8h6btTJDMQ)https://www.youtube.com/embed/Y8h6btTJDMQ (https://www.youtube.com/embed/Y8h6btTJDMQ) (3:55)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.11.2019 16:33:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter‏ @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 18 окт. (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1185099964269117441)

New to #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)? (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f914.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4ad.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) Here's a quick look overview of the mission in our new factsheet (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f449.png)http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_factsheet ... (https://t.co/1iBYUc48mA)
#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHJSIJ_WsAAHGGU.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.11.2019 16:37:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter‏ @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1190209079672811521)

Farewell Europe! #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is now on its way to #Florida (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Florida?src=hash) for the next stage of launch preparations. We'll be waiting for confirmation of touchdown at @NASAKennedy (https://twitter.com/NASAKennedy) tonight...Over to you! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f44b.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30d.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6eb.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6ec.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30e.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f91d.png)
#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Impression from airfield by U. Ragnit

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIR42WIWkAAWuPX.jpg)


3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1190217258389381120)

Some more impressions from Munich airfield during loading activities of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) onto the Antonov cargo plane ready for its flight to @NASAKennedy (https://twitter.com/NASAKennedy). Now on its way! ((https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) U.Ragnit)
#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EISARtRW4AAYjBK.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EISASCCX0AEdTgB.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EISASWdWkAEU7fG.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.11.2019 09:24:03
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1113501416558141440/csp6nhvI_bigger.png) NASA's Kennedy Space Center @NASAKennedy (https://twitter.com/NASAKennedy) 5 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAKennedy/status/1190440829795684353)

Welcome to the Sunshine State, @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f31e.png)

@esa (https://twitter.com/esa)'s Sun-studying spacecraft completed its intercontinental journey ahead of it's interplanetary voyage set to launch Feb. 2020 on board a @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.11.2019 11:53:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter‏ @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1190550837287895040)

A few impressions from the arrival and unloading of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) last night at @NASAKennedy (https://twitter.com/NASAKennedy). Just over three months until launch!

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) More about the mission: http://www.esa.int/solarorbiter  (https://t.co/cttW7Qrg6L) #StayTuned (https://twitter.com/hashtag/StayTuned?src=hash) #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash) ((https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) J. Fiebrich)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIWvqRjXsAAZtxi.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIWvqj7WwAAd48X.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIWvq5aWkAM8Xmk.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIWvrN4W4AAswqQ.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.11.2019 23:24:26
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/673489757821865984/xI8p5RnJ_bigger.jpg) César García‏ @CesarGarcia88 (https://twitter.com/CesarGarcia88) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/CesarGarcia88/status/1191434997770657793)

Wonderful handcrafted logos for ⁦@ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)⁩. Thanks ⁦⁦@ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch)⁩!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EIjT0BwXsAEiQkK.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.11.2019 21:03:09
К #31 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1909692/#message1909692)

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1191746171661885440)

ULA's Harlingen, TX, team w/the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) fairing for #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash), a joint @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA)/@esa (https://twitter.com/esa) mission slated to launch Feb. 5, 2020, from Cape Canaveral. These #ULARocketStars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ULARocketStars?src=hash) have built aerospace hardware in the Rio Grande Valley for >30 years - including for Atlas I, II, III and V.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EInu0hrX0AY05X6.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.11.2019 21:06:57
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/11/05/solar-orbiter-arrives-at-kennedy-from-europe/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/11/05/solar-orbiter-arrives-at-kennedy-from-europe/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2019/11/05/solar-orbiter-arrives-at-kennedy-from-europe/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2019/11/05/solar-orbiter-arrives-at-kennedy-from-europe/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Arrives at Kennedy fr om Europe

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Nov 5, 2019 at 12:10 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/Solar-Orbital-Arrival_0078-1024x683.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/Solar-Orbital-Arrival_0078.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft is placed on a truck for transportation from the Launch and Landing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida to the Astrotech Space Operations facility in nearby Titusville on Nov. 1, 2019. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The European Space Agency's (ESA) Solar Orbiter spacecraft arrived at the Launch and Landing Facility, formerly known as the Shuttle Landing Facility, at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida aboard an Antonov cargo plane from Munich, Germany, on Nov. 1. Upon arrival at the Florida spaceport, the spacecraft was offloaded and transported to the Astrotech Space Operations facility in nearby Titusville, wh ere it will spend the next few months undergoing final preparations, tests and checkouts for liftoff.

Solar Orbiter is an ESA mission that will study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and solar winds. Using high spatial resolution telescopes, the spacecraft will observe the Sun's atmosphere up close and compare these observations with measurements taken around the spacecraft. Due to its unique orbit, Solar Orbiter will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. NASA's Launch Services Program based at Kennedy is managing the launch.

Although developed independently, ESA's Solar Orbiter and NASA's Parker Solar Probe, which launched Aug. 12, 2018, are natural teammates. Solar Orbiter's comprehensive science instruments and unique orbit will help scientists place NASA's Parker Solar Probe's measurements in context. By working together in this way, the two spacecraft will collect complementary data sets allowing more science to be gathered from the two missions than either could manage on its own.

The spacecraft's mission to the Sun is planned for launch on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V-411 rocket from SLC-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on Feb. 5, 2020, at 11:15 p.m. EST.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2019 12:57:40
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter's journey around the Sun
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA)European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

16 окт. 2019 г.

Animation showing the trajectory of Solar Orbiter around the Sun, highlighting the gravity assist manoeuvres that will enable the spacecraft to change inclination to observe the Sun from different perspectives.
During the initial cruise phase, which lasts until November 2021, Solar Orbiter will perform two gravity-assist manoeuvres around Venus and one around Earth to alter the spacecraft's trajectory, guiding it towards the innermost regions of the Solar System. At the same time, Solar Orbiter will acquire in situ data and characterise and calibrate its remote-sensing instruments. The first close solar pass will take place in 2022 at around a third of Earth's distance from the Sun.

The spacecraft's orbit has been chosen to be 'in resonance' with Venus, which means that it will return to the planet's vicinity every few orbits and can again use the planet's gravity to alter or tilt its orbit. Initially Solar Orbiter will be confined to the same plane as the planets, but each encounter of Venus will increase its orbital inclination. For example, after the 2025 Venus encounter it will make its first solar pass at 17º inclination, increasing to 33º during a proposed mission extension phase, bringing even more of the polar regions into direct view.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLpEYMkf21c (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLpEYMkf21c)https://www.youtube.com/embed/eLpEYMkf21c (https://www.youtube.com/embed/eLpEYMkf21c) (2:31)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2019 13:04:23
http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter launch campaign begins
21/11/2019

ESA's mission to the Sun has been unpacked following its arrival in Florida earlier this month, ready to begin pre-launch testing and checks.

The mission is currently scheduled to lift off from Cape Canaveral launch complex late in the evening of 5 February U.S. time (early morning 6 February central European time) on an unprecedented mission to study our star up-close.

An Antonov cargo plane transported the spacecraft and essential ground support equipment from Munich, Germany, to Florida, landing at the Shuttle Landing Facility (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1190550837287895040) at Kennedy Space Centre on 1 November. From there the satellite and equipment travelled by road to the AstroTech Space Operations facility. The first weeks were dedicated to setting up the equipment that will be needed to perform the upcoming checks and tests on the spacecraft. This will include repeated simplified tests of the spacecraft and science instruments so that the functioning of the various systems is confirmed as it was before the long flight, and checking of the propellant pressurisation system pressure before eventually fueling the spacecraft.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2019/11/solar_orbiter_launch_campaign_begins/21470372-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins_pillars.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/11/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins)
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2019/11/solar_orbiter_launch_campaign_begins2/21470413-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins_pillars.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/11/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins2)
(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2019/11/solar_orbiter_launch_campaign_begins3/21470454-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins_pillars.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/11/Solar_Orbiter_launch_campaign_begins3)

In the new year attention will shift to mating the spacecraft with the launch adapter and encapsulating the spacecraft inside the fairing. In the final stages of preparation, the spacecraft will be mounted atop the Atlas V 411 rocket and moved to the launch pad ready for liftoff.

Once in space, and over the course of several years, the spacecraft will repeatedly use the gravity of Venus and Earth (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2019/10/Solar_Orbiter_s_journey_around_the_Sun) to raise its orbit above the poles of the Sun, providing new perspectives on our star, including the first images of the Sun's polar regions. Its complementary suite of instruments means it will be able to study the plasma environment locally around the spacecraft and collect data from the Sun from afar, connecting the dots between the Sun's activity and the space environment in the inner Solar System, which is essential to understand the effects of space weather at Earth.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/videos/2019/10/solar_orbiter_s_journey_around_the_sun/21103434-7-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_s_journey_around_the_Sun_pillars.jpg)
Solar Orbiter's journey around the Sun
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2019/10/Solar_Orbiter_s_journey_around_the_Sun)

Solar Orbiter is an ESA mission with strong NASA participation. The prime contractor is Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, UK. The mission will provide complementary datasets to NASA's Parker Solar Probe that will allow more science to be distilled from the two missions than either could achieve on their own.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2019 19:39:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1197915745704910848)

#RocketShip (https://twitter.com/hashtag/RocketShip?src=hash) has delivered the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) to Cape Canaveral that United Launch Alliance will use to launch @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) on its journey to study the Sun for the European Space Agency @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) and NASA @nasa_lsp (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP). #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)  Learn more in our blog: https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2019/11/22/atlas-v-delivered-to-launch-site-for-solar-orbiter ... (https://t.co/RT5W8OsmLm)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EJ_aAiHWoAA0qbL.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2019 18:44:56
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/11/25/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-unboxed-atlas-v-launch-vehicle-arrives/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/11/25/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-unboxed-atlas-v-launch-vehicle-arrives/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2019/11/25/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-unboxed-atlas-v-launch-vehicle-ar... (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2019/11/25/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-unboxed-atlas-v-launch-vehicle-arrives/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Spacecraft Unboxed; Atlas V Launch Vehicle Arrives

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Nov 25, 2019 at 4:31 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/ksc-20191118-0015-solar-orbiter-onstand-1024x683.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/ksc-20191118-0015-solar-orbiter-onstand.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft has been removed from its shipping container inside the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Florida. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

The United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V booster that will launch the Solar Orbiter on its upcoming mission to study the Sun has arrived at the Florida spaceport, while the spacecraft is beginning launch preparations of its own.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/KSC-20191121-PH-JBS01-booster-arrival-300x200.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/11/KSC-20191121-PH-JBS01-booster-arrival.jpg)
The United Launch Alliance Atlas V booster that will launch the Solar Orbiter spacecraft is delivered by truck to the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Nov. 21, 2019. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The company's cargo vessel, Rocketship - formerly known as Mariner - delivered the Atlas V first stage and Centaur upper stage to Port Canaveral on Nov. 20, 2019, after traveling from the booster's manufacturing facility at Decatur, Alabama. Upon arrival at the port, the launch hardware was trucked to separate facilities at nearby Cape Canaveral Air Force Station: the booster to ULA's Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center (ASOC) and the Centaur to a separate facility. Both stages will undergo preflight checkouts before the components are stacked for launch at the Space Launch Complex 41 Vertical Integration Facility closer to liftoff.

Meanwhile, the Solar Orbiter spacecraft has been removed from its shipping container for the start of its own prelaunch preparations at the Astrotech Space Operations Facility in Titusville, Florida. The spacecraft was uncrated Nov. 15 and rotated to vertical on Nov. 18, paving the way for upcoming processing and checkouts, including tests of the spacecraft and its suite of science instruments, as well as its propellant pressurization system.

Solar Orbiter is a European Space Agency mission with strong NASA participation. The mission aims to study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and solar winds. The spacecraft will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. NASA's Launch Services Program based at Kennedy is managing the launch. Liftoff is scheduled for Feb. 5, 2020, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station's Space Launch Complex 41 aboard the ULA Atlas V launch vehicle.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.12.2019 06:05:37
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/12/18/solar-orbiter-gets-its-close-up-on-media-day/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2019/12/18/solar-orbiter-gets-its-close-up-on-media-day/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Gets its Close Up on Media Day

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Dec 18, 2019 at 3:57 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/12/solar_orbiter_media_day-683x1024.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2019/12/solar_orbiter_media_day.jpg)
Media representatives viewed the Solar Orbiter spacecraft as it is being prepared for launch inside the Astrotech Space Operations payload processing facility in Titusville, Florida, on Dec. 16, 2019. Photo credit: Frank Michaux

Members of the media were given the opportunity to view and photograph the Solar Orbiter spacecraft up close inside the Astrotech Space Operations payload processing facility in Titusville, Florida, on Dec. 16, 2019. Representatives from NASA's Launch Services Program (LSP), the European Space Agency (ESA), United Launch Alliance (ULA), Airbus Defence and Space, and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center provided an overview of the mission, spacecraft and launch vehicle.

Solar Orbiter is a space mission of international collaboration between ESA and NASA, and the spacecraft has been developed by Airbus. The mission will study the Sun and how it can affect the space environment throughout the solar system, and it also will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. Solar Orbiter is scheduled to launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station's Space Launch Complex 41 aboard a ULA Atlas V rocket at 11:27 p.m. EST on Feb. 5, 2020. LSP will manage the launch.
04:27 UTC 06.02.2020 / 07:27 ДМВ  06.02.2020
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.01.2020 22:20:21
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/03/nasas-launch-services-program-prepares-for-upcoming-2020-missions/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/03/nasas-launch-services-program-prepares-for-upcoming-2020-missions/)
ЦитатаNASA's Launch Services Program Prepares for Upcoming 2020 Missions

Danielle Sempsrott (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/author/dsempsro/)
Posted Jan 3, 2020 at 9:01 am


NASA's Launch Services Program (https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/launchingrockets/index.html) (LSP) is ringing in the New Year with three planned science missions in 2020, aimed at studying the Sun, Mars and our oceans. The first two missions will be launching from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, while the third will launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

Launching in February, Solar Orbiter (https://science.nasa.gov/missions/solar-orbiter) is a collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA, which will study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and the solar wind. The spacecraft, developed by Airbus Defence and Space, will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles. The Solar Orbiter spacecraft will launch aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V 411 rocket, and liftoff is scheduled for Feb. 5. LSP will manage the launch.
...
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.01.2020 17:32:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1214174686155853826)

This week at Cape Canaveral's Vertical Integration Facility, ULA technicians are assembling the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) 411 rocket that will launch @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) in its pursuit to study the Sun up-close. http://bit.ly/av_solarorbiter  (https://t.co/M26PyQCxKf) #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters  (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1214171987569868800/pu/vid/1280x720/zjy5OrckErk6sAEN.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1214171987569868800/pu/vid/1280x720/zjy5OrckErk6sAEN.mp4)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.01.2020 17:36:16
ULA открыла страницу миссии

https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
ЦитатаATLAS V TO LAUNCH SOLAR ORBITER

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solarorbiter_external_sticker.jpg?sfvrsn=fec5e608_0)

Rocket: Atlas V 411
Mission: Solar Orbiter
Launch Date: Wednesday, Feb. 5, 2020
Launch Location: Space Launch Complex-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Mission Information: A United Launch Alliance Atlas V 411 configuration rocket will launch the Solar Orbiter spacecraft on its journey to study the sun for the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA.

The spacecraft will make looping orbits around the sun and use 10 instruments to observe solar physics in unprecedented detail. At closest approach, Solar Orbiter will be about approximately 26 million miles (42 million km) from the sun.

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between ESA and NASA. ESA's Engineering & Test Center (ESTEC) in The Netherlands is managing the development effort. Airbus developed the spacecraft. The European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter after launch.

Launch Notes: This will be the 137th mission for United Launch Alliance. It is the 82nd for an Atlas V rocket and the 6th in the 411 configuration.

Launch Updates: To keep up to speed with updates, dial the ULA launch hotline at 1-877-852-4321 or join the conversation at www.facebook.com/ulalaunch, twitter.com/ulalaunch and instagram.com/ulalaunch; hashtags #AtlasV SolarOrbiter #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters

Go Atlas! Go Centaur! Go Solar Orbiter!
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 06.01.2020 19:13:46
По UTC пуск 6го, аппарат после отделения будет в ЗРВ New Norcia (Австралия)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Salo от 07.01.2020 11:37:37
https://spaceflightnow.com/launch-schedule/
ЦитатаFeb. 5/6 • Atlas 5 • Solar Orbiter
Launch time: 0427-0627 GMT on 6th (11:27 p.m.-1:27 a.m. EST on 5th/6th)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.01.2020 22:34:39
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1214964608198275072)

Solar Orbiter rolling out to the VIF. the Sun is near
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.01.2020 01:13:28
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA ‏@ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 28 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1215025827076804608)

The #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rocket has been stacked to launch #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash), an international spacecraft bound for the inner solar system to gain unprecedented insights into the lifestyle of the sun.

Learn more in our blog: https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/08/atlas-v-rocket-assembled-for-solar-orbiter-launch ... (https://t.co/e0Db4cTiFW)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) by ULA and @DaneDrefke (https://twitter.com/DaneDrefke)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ENyjga9X0AUsekf.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ENyjga0WoAgu0j_.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.01.2020 01:17:10
https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/08/atlas-v-rocket-assembled-for-solar-orbiter-launch (https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/08/atlas-v-rocket-assembled-for-solar-orbiter-launch)
ЦитатаAtlas V rocket assembled for Solar Orbiter launch
Jan 8, 2020, 14:30 PM

The Atlas V rocket has been stacked to launch Solar Orbiter, an international spacecraft bound for the inner solar system to gain unprecedented insights into the lifestyle of the sun.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_lvos_4.jpg?sfvrsn=fcae328d_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_lvos_4.jpg?sfvrsn=fcae328d_0)

A busy week of operations at ULA's Vertical Integration Facility (VIF) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station kicked off the new year by bringing together the Atlas V rocket's first stage, single solid rocket motor and Centaur upper stage aboard the Mobile Launch Platform (MLP).

Engineers gave approval for the pre-launch milestone known as LVOS, or Launch Vehicle on Stand, during a readiness review on Friday, Jan. 3.That authorized the first stage to be hauled fr om the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center (ASOC) to the VIF on Monday morning, Jan. 6. Cranes lifted the 107-foot-long stage from its ground transportation equipment and rotated it vertically for maneuvering through the VIF doorway and alignment on the MLP.

The next day, Jan. 7, the 100,000-pound strap-on solid rocket booster was brought to the VIF, pulled from its erector device and secured to the north-facing side Atlas V first stage.

The basic build up of the rocket was completed today, Jan. 8 as the pre-integrated assembly known as OVI, or Off-site Vertical Integration, arrived at the VIF for hoisting atop the first stage. The OVI is comprised for the interstage, Centaur upper stage and base of the payload fairing.

In the coming days, the launch vehicle will be powered up, its flight controls tested and engine nozzles gimbaled, and a simulated launch sequence conducted before the MLP transports the rocket to the pad for a Wet Dress Rehearsal (WDR).

That WDR is being conducted to mitigate any issues before the interplanetary launch window opens. Atlas V has a three-week period to launch Solar Orbiter while Earth and Venus are properly aligned to carry out the mission plan.

Once the WDR is accomplished and the rocket is returned to the VIF from the pad, crews will mount Solar Orbiter atop the rocket. The spacecraft is undergoing final preparations at the Astrotech payload processing facility in Titusville, which is wh ere the satellite will be fueled and then encapsulated in the rocket's four-meter-diameter payload fairing.

Launch of Solar Orbiter is scheduled for Feb. 5.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/img_0981-2.jpg?sfvrsn=de6f2066_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/img_0981-2.jpg?sfvrsn=de6f2066_0)

The spacecraft's a highly elliptical orbit will periodically swing by Venus and Earth to receive gravity-assists in order to refine the orbit around the sun and change the viewing angle to see the poles.

The first encounter with the sun occurs this June.

Scientists on the mission want to know how the heliosphere is generated and how it is accelerated, what is driving the solar wind -- the stream of electrically charged particles that the sun emits in all directions of space -- and what causes the sun to vary in intensity over the 11-yr solar cycle. Solar Orbiter will pass just 26 million miles from the sun.

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. ESA's Engineering & Test Center (ESTEC) in The Netherlands is managing the development effort, the spacecraft was developed by Airbus and the European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter after launch.

ULA is conducting the launch under contract to NASA's Launch Services Program.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.01.2020 18:23:52
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter‏ @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 56 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1215640745069236227)

Launch preparations continued this week with #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) being fuelled with its propellants and oxidiser (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26fd.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)

More photos:
http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Search?SearchText=solar%2Borbiter&result_type=images ... (https://t.co/hwfTWY5z49)
((https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png) Credit: Airbus) #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EN7S0CjW4AAuZhb.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.01.2020 21:48:58
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/01/10/atlas-v-rocket-to-launch-new-sun-mission-takes-shape-at-cape-canaveral/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/01/10/atlas-v-rocket-to-launch-new-sun-mission-takes-shape-at-cape-canaveral/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/10/atlas-v-rocket-to-launch-new-sun-mission-takes-shape-at-cape-canaveral/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/10/atlas-v-rocket-to-launch-new-sun-mission-takes-shape-at-cape-canaveral/)
ЦитатаAtlas V Rocket to Launch New Sun Mission Takes Shape at Cape Canaveral

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Jan 10, 2020 at 1:30 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200106-PH-JBS01_0051-1024x682.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200106-PH-JBS01_0051.jpg)
The booster of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket that will launch the Solar Orbiter spacecraft is lifted into the vertical position at the Vertical Integration Facility near Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on Jan. 6, 2020. Photo credits: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The rocket that will launch a new spacecraft to study the Sun is beginning to take shape at Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The first-stage booster for the United Launch Alliance (https://www.ulalaunch.com/) Atlas V rocket is "on stand," meaning it has been raised to a vertical position inside the complex's Vertical Integration Facility. In the coming days, the one solid rocket booster needed for the mission will be added to the booster, followed by the single-engine Centaur upper stage.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200106-PH-JBS01_0155-200x300.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200106-PH-JBS01_0155.jpg)

Solar Orbiter (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter) is an international cooperative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. The mission aims to study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and solar wind. The spacecraft will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. NASA's Launch Services Program (https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/launchingrockets/index.html) based at Kennedy Space Center in Florida is managing the launch. Liftoff is scheduled for Feb. 5, 2020.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.01.2020 18:50:27
К #41 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1933447/#message1933447)

Upd.
Цитата• Launch Date: Wednesday, Feb. 5, 2020
• Launch Time: Targeted for 11:27 p.m. EST at the opening of a two hour launch window
04:27 UTC / 07:27 ДМВ 6 февраля 2020 г.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.01.2020 18:43:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1208350976937201664/5QG6Qh9H_bigger.jpg) John Winkopp‏ @John_Winkopp (https://twitter.com/John_Winkopp) 17 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/John_Winkopp/status/1219642017761890304)

#ULA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ULA?src=hash) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) rolling out

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EO0J8UtWkAgmXvd.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.01.2020 21:33:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 16 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1219685200168464384)

#AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash), without the #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) payload, rolls to the pad for its Wet Dress Rehearsal. The countdown demonstration will fuel and test the rocket to ensure systems are ready for the upcoming window when Earth and Venus are aligned to launch the mission. #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EO0xN3hWAAQlwrV.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.01.2020 06:06:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1219771462455709696)

Mighty Atlas is on the pad and loaded with RP1. WDR tomorrow. Can't wait to lift Solar Orbiter...
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.01.2020 06:08:26
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1219776582077669378)

That's how we roll...

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1219776564704903168/pu/vid/1280x720/ueyTxxmYtmXv1KcC.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1219776564704903168/pu/vid/1280x720/ueyTxxmYtmXv1KcC.mp4)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.01.2020 20:43:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1220038397437390850)

During preparations for Solar Orbiter Wet Dress Rehearsal, a duct which provides cooling to the avionics, became detached from the Centaur upper stage. To be prudent, we will return the vehicle to the Vertical Integration Facility to conduct inspections.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.01.2020 05:38:56
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg) NASA's Launch Services Program‏ @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/1220105868391387136)

В ответ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) @Litsas (https://twitter.com/Litsas)

NASA requires a WDR for missions with limited launch opportunities such as those to planets and the Sun. WDRs allow us to test the rocket early in an effort to mitigate issues that could result in a missed opportunity for launch.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.01.2020 05:45:34
https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/22/atlas-5-rocket-for-solar-orbiter-mission-returns-to-assembly-building-for-inspections/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/22/atlas-5-rocket-for-solar-orbiter-mission-returns-to-assembly-building-for-inspections/)
ЦитатаAtlas 5 for Solar Orbiter launch returns to assembly building for inspections
January 22, 2020 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/) | Stephen Clark  (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/EO0xN3hWAAQlwrV.jpeg)
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket for the Solar Orbiter mission rolled out to Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad Tuesday, Jan. 21, for a planned wet dress rehearsal Wednesday. Credit: United Launch Alliance

United Launch Alliance moved its next Atlas 5 rocket off its Florida launch pad Wednesday for inspections after a cooling duct unexpectedly disconnected before a planned countdown rehearsal to prepare for liftoff next month with the joint U.S.-European Solar Orbiter mission.

The roll back to the Vertical Integration Facility at Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad could delay Solar Orbiter's liftoff, which was scheduled for Feb. 5 during a two-hour window opening at 11:27 p.m. EST (0427 GMT on Feb. 6).

Officials are not sure why the umbilical duct on the launch pad disconnected Wednesday, but brisk winds on Florida's Space Coast could be the culprit. Tory Bruno, ULA's CEO, tweeted that engineers want to be sure the problem was not caused by something else.

ULA planned to fill the Atlas 5 rocket with cryogenic liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants Wednesday during a simulated countdown, also called a Wet Dress Rehearsal, or WDR. The launcher's first stage was loaded with RP-1 kerosene fuel Tuesday after rolling out of the vertical assembly building for the quarter-mile trip to pad 41.

"During preparations for Solar Orbiter Wet Dress Rehearsal, a duct which provides cooling to the avionics, became detached from the Centaur upper stage," ULA said on Twitter. "To be prudent, we will return the vehicle to the Vertical Integration Facility to conduct inspections."

The Atlas 5 launch team does not perform a WDR before every launch, but NASA requires ULA to perform a fueling demonstration before missions lofting interplanetary probes with limited launch opportunities.

"NASA requires a WDR for missions with limited launch opportunities such as those to planets and the sun," NASA said. "WDRs allow us to test the rocket early in an effort to mitigate issues that could result in a missed opportunity for launch."

Instead of performing the Wet Dress Rehearsal on Wednesday and returning the rocket to the VIF on Thursday for attachment of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, ULA will have to inspect the disconnected duct, determine why it became displaced, and then reattach it before returning the Atlas 5 and its mobile launch platform to pad 41 for another run at the Wet Dress Rehearsal.

Ground teams planned to transfer the European-built Solar Orbiter spacecraft from its processing facility to the VIF at pad 41 this weekend, but that schedule is in jeopardy with the delay in the completion of the Wet Dress Rehearsal.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/s9aga.jpeg)
The Atlas 5 rocket and its mobile launch platform are seen beginning the journey back to ULA's Vertical Integration Facility on Wednesday, Jan. 22, for inspections. Credit: Spaceflight Now

The Atlas 5 rocket assigned to launch the Solar Orbiter mission was stacked inside the Vertical Integration Facility over the last few weeks. The Atlas 5 will fly in the rarely-used "411" configuration with a 4-meter fairing, a single strap-on solid rocket boosters and a Centaur upper stage powered by a single RL10 engine.

Ten scientific instruments aboard Solar Orbiter will measure the sun's output and take the first detailed images of the sun's poles. NASA is paying for the launch of the European Space Agency science probe -- built in Britain by Airbus Defense and Space -- as part of an international collaboration on the nearly $1.7 billion Solar Orbiter mission.

Scientists will use data from Solar Orbiter, in tandem with measurements from NASA's Parker Solar Probe, to better understand what causes the solar wind, and what drives the 11-year solar cycle.

The Solar Orbiter mission's launch period opens Feb. 5 and extends through Feb. 23. The mission has 19 daily launch opportunities to depart Earth in February and intercept Venus in December 2020, the first of numerous flybys to use the planet's gravity to reshape Solar Orbiter's trajectory around the sun, eventually reaching an orbit inside that of Mercury.

A backup launch opportunity is available in October 2020, but that would require Solar Orbiter to use a different sequence of planetary flybys, delaying the start of the mission's regular science operations phase from August 2021 to September 2023, officials said.

The gravity assist flybys with Venus will also ratchet up the tilt angle of the spacecraft's orbit around the sun, enabling Solar Orbiter to take the first images of the sun's polar regions.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 23.01.2020 08:06:49
Мимо  :oops:
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 23.01.2020 09:14:18
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
The Solar Orbiter mission's launch period opens Feb. 5 and extends through Feb. 23.
С точки зрения баллистики "окно" несколько длиннее. Но есть ограничения и внутри самого "окна".
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.01.2020 23:59:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/506935946462261250/O-ZFGE5Y_bigger.jpeg) Stephen Clark‏ @StephenClark1 (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1/status/1220447718230851585)

Looks like Atlas is back on pad 41 this afternoon after an unexpected but brief trip to the VIF yesterday to inspect a disconnect cooling duct. Next steps are the WDR and Solar Orbiter spacecraft mate.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EO_mhBCXsAEyhP5.png)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 05:20:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1220473753253007360)

We have replaced the wind blown ECS cold air duct and rolled back to the pad.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 17:18:22
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1220683379227557888)

The team on station for today's WDR. Winds are much better.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 19:54:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations‏ @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1220713863223676930)

During #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)'s proposed extended mission phase, the spacecraft would lift into an even higher inclination orbit. At 33° above the solar equator, the polar regions would come even more directly into view

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EPDYwNfXkAAOtqI.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EPDYwNfXkAAOtqI.mp4) (0:14)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 20:09:19
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg) Spaceflight Now‏ @SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/1220753797871480832)

United Launch Alliance is currently loading cryogenic liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen into an Atlas 5 rocket at Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad.

This is part of a countdown rehearsal before launch with the Solar Orbiter mission next month. https://spaceflightnow.com  (https://t.co/JnIoA3IeyF)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPD87paX0AEv6ei.png)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 20:59:45
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/01/24/solar-orbiter-encapsulated-in-atlas-v-payload-fairing/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/01/24/solar-orbiter-encapsulated-in-atlas-v-payload-fairing/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/24/solar-orbiter-encapsulated-in-atlas-v-payload-fairing/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/01/24/solar-orbiter-encapsulated-in-atlas-v-payload-fairing/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Encapsulated in Atlas V Payload Fairing

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Jan 24, 2020 at 12:10 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0051-1024x683.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0051.jpg)
Both halves of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V payload fairing are positioned for installation around the Solar Orbiter spacecraft inside the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Florida, on Jan. 20, 2020. Photo credits: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The payload fairing that will provide a protective, aerodynamic cover for Solar Orbiter (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter) during launch is now in place. The two halves of the United Launch Alliance Atlas V fairing were moved into position and installed around the spacecraft on Jan. 20 inside a cleanroom at Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Florida.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0087-200x300.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0087.jpg)

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. The mission aims to study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and solar wind. The spacecraft will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. NASA's Launch Services Program (https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/launchingrockets/index.html) based at Kennedy Space Center in Florida is managing the launch. The spacecraft has been developed by Airbus Defence and Space.

Solar Orbiter will launch aboard an Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 21:55:02
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1220781195438575616)

We are "go" to start the final phase of the countdown for today's #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rehearsal of the @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) launch day. ULA Launch Conductor Scott Barney polled the launch team and ULA Launch Director Lou Mangieri gave permission to enter terminal count.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPEWAFWXsAAnX4l.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.01.2020 22:06:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1220783178010570754)

We successfully completed today's #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) test countdown at Cape Canaveral. Systems now will be safed, cryogenic fuels drained and the rocket allowed to warm up before rollback to the Vertical Integration Facility for #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) attachment.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPEXz-BX4AAGFUc.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.01.2020 04:11:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1220853069757526016)

Successful WDR. Back to the VIF tomorrow.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.01.2020 23:51:06
https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/24/photos-solar-orbiter-encapsulated-inside-launch-shroud/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/24/photos-solar-orbiter-encapsulated-inside-launch-shroud/)
ЦитатаPhotos: Solar Orbiter encapsulated inside launch shroud
January 24, 2020 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/01/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0051large.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft was encapsulated inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload fairing Jan. 20. Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The Airbus-built Solar Orbiter spacecraft has been closed up inside the payload fairing of a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket in preparation for liftoff fr om Cape Canaveral in February on a joint mission between the European Space Agency and NASA.

Technicians inside the Astrotech payload processing facility encapsulated the Solar Orbiter spacecraft -- designed with thermal shielding to protect against the heat of the sun -- inside the Atlas 5's payload fairing Jan. 20. The spacecraft inside the Atlas 5 rocket's 4-meter-diameter (13.1-foot) aerodynamic nose shroud will soon travel to ULA's Vertical Integration Facility, where crane will hoist the payload package atop the launcher.

Valued at nearly $1.7 billion, the Solar Orbiter mission will travel closer to the sun than Mercury, wh ere it will join NASA's Parker Solar Probe for tandem observations of the solar wind and giant solar eruptions that can affect communications and electrical grids on Earth, plus satellite operations.

Scientists hope the dual missions will help sort out what drives the solar wind. Data from the probes may eventually help scientists better predict solar storms and their effects Earth.

Solar Orbiter's primary launch period opens Feb. 5 and extends through Feb. 23. The 19 daily launch opportunities in February will allow the spacecraft to fly by Venus in December, beginning a series of planetary encounters that will use gravity to slingshot Solar Orbiter closer to the sun.

Once in its initial science orbit at the end of 2021, Solar Orbiter will begin viewing the sun's poles for the first time. If the mission is extended, further flybys with Venus will tilt the spacecraft's orbit around the sun to an angle as high as 33 degrees, enabling better imagery of the polar regions.

More photos can been seen below of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft's encapsulation inside the Atlas 5 payload fairing.
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0089large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0029large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0087large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0006large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0112large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0049large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0079large.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky


Credit: NASA/(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0069large.jpg)Ben Smegelsky
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 26.01.2020 15:20:26
https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1221434019532939264 (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1221434019532939264)
Launch update: @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) & @ULAlaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) confirm #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) launch date adjusted to 7 Feb 23:15 EST/ 8 Feb 04:15 GMT/05:15 CET due to rescheduling of the Wet Dress Rehearsal earlier this week.
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPNuu0pXkAAPYI4.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.01.2020 18:16:31
https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/25/atlas-v-completes-countdown-rehearsal-for-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/25/atlas-v-completes-countdown-rehearsal-for-solar-orbiter)
ЦитатаAtlas V completes countdown rehearsal for Solar Orbiter
Jan 26, 2020, 07:10 AM

The United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket has achieved a major milestone in preparation to launch Solar Orbiter on Feb. 7 for a mission to explore the uncharted polar regions of the sun.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_wdr_blog1.jpg?sfvrsn=19eea7e0_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_wdr_blog1.jpg?sfvrsn=19eea7e0_0)

Known as a Wet Dress Rehearsal (WDR), teams from ULA and NASA this past week successfully completed the test that demonstrated the rocket's rollout and day-of-launch countdown operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
 
The assembled rocket, minus the payload, was transported aboard the Mobile Launch Platform (MLP) from the Vertical Integration Facility (VIF) to the launch pad at Space Launch Complex-41 on Tuesday, Jan. 21.
 
After reaching the pad, the first stage was loaded with its flight supply of 25,000 gallons of RP-1, a highly refined kerosene. That fuel will remain inside the rocket through launch day, a standard practice for Atlas rockets that undergo a WDR.
 
The countdown, on Wednesday, Jan. 22, was initiated just before dawn under the control of ULA Launch Conductor Scott Barney and his team of console operators stationed in the Launch Control Center at the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center.
 
The rocket stages were powered up, guidance system testing conducted and final preps to ground systems accomplished, enabling ULA Launch Director Lou Mangieri to give approval for cryogenic tanking.
 
But just prior to the start of fueling, a duct supplying cooling to the rocket's avionics compartment became detached. That necessitated a rollback to the VIF for corrective actions and return to the launch pad.
 
Countdown clocks were restarted on Friday, Jan. 24, as the launch team configured the Atlas V rocket for cryo loading. About 66,000 gallons of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen filled the rocket's tanks using the same procedures that will be executed on the actual launch day.
 
Mangieri, with input from NASA Launch Manager Tim Dunn, confirmed readiness to enter terminal count at T-minus 4 minutes. The final phase of the countdown progressed smoothly with all planned activities completed through the scheduled cutoff point just prior to ignition.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_wdr_blog.jpg?sfvrsn=80e89c12_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_wdr_blog.jpg?sfvrsn=80e89c12_0)

The rocket was safed and cryogenic tanks drained to conclude the test. The rocket was returned to the VIF on Saturday, Jan. 25 after the hardware warmed up and the MLP could be disconnected from the pad facility. Solar Orbiter is scheduled to arrive at the VIF next week for hoisting atop the Atlas V to produce a 189-foot-tall rocket for launch.
 
WDRs are milestones meant to mitigate any issues before the actual launch day arrives. Typically, they are performed during the launch campaign for all planetary missions that have very short timeframes to launch. Missing that launch period would mean lengthy delays to wait for the next opportunity.
 
In the case of Solar Orbiter, it has a three-week window in February to launch when Venus and Earth are aligned to carry out the spacecraft's circuitous flight path that swings in and out of the inner solar system throughout decade-long sun-studying mission. 
 
The repeated encounters with Venus with use the planet's gravity to alter Solar Orbiter's trajectory to achieve a vantage point to take the first-ever images of the sun's poles. 
 
Solar Orbiter will address overarching questions in solar physics to help us understand how the sun creates and controls the giant bubble of plasma that surrounds our cosmic neighborhood and influences the planets within it.
 
Knowing how the sun influences interplanetary space is critical considering that society has become dependent on space for navigation and communications. Unraveling fundamental mysteries about the sun's activities will help all of humanity predict and adjust to these behaviors.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.01.2020 18:29:30
Upd.

https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
Цитата• Launch Date: Friday, Feb. 7, 2020
• Launch Time: Targeted for 11:15 p.m. EST at the opening of a two hour launch window
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 28.01.2020 17:33:56
Может быть, кому-то будет интересно: небольшие технические подробности этой миссии (и не только этой миссии)
https://www.maxongroup.com/maxon/view/news/maxon-is-flying-to-the-Sun (https://www.maxongroup.com/maxon/view/news/maxon-is-flying-to-the-Sun)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 28.01.2020 18:05:55
https://twitter.com/tiempobrasero/status/1222161189272244224 (https://twitter.com/tiempobrasero/status/1222161189272244224)

Это будут этапы запуска (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)и основные даты миссии. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @esa_es (https://twitter.com/esa_es)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPX9F6YUUAENBRp.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.01.2020 23:38:06
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter - the Sun close-up
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

27 янв. 2020 г.

ESA's mission to the Sun, Solar Orbiter, is due for launch on an Atlas V 411 from Cape Canaveral, Florida on 7 February 23:15 EST / 04:15 GMT / 05:15 CET on 8 Feb.
 
Equipped with a suite of ten scientific instruments, Solar Orbiter will capture the first images of the Sun's poles and make detailed observations of solar activity. Its specially designed heatshield is capable of enduring temperatures of more than 500ºC.

Solar Orbiter is a space mission of international collaboration between ESA and NASA. The spacecraft has been developed by Airbus.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zr1NKvIi8AU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zr1NKvIi8AU)https://www.youtube.com/embed/zr1NKvIi8AU? (https://www.youtube.com/embed/zr1NKvIi8AU?) (3:30)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.01.2020 23:43:32
ЦитатаNew Mission Will Take First Peek at Sun's Poles

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7_S3158Iax5KOPYENKVzQeedsuzhGLm0TKuhQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAexplorer) NASA Goddard (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAY-SMFNfynqz1bdoaV8BeQ)

27 янв. 2020 г.

A new spacecraft is journeying to the Sun to snap the first pictures of the Sun's north and south poles. Solar Orbiter, a collaboration between ESA (the European Space Agency) and NASA will have its first opportunity to launch fr om Cape Canaveral on Feb. 7, 2020, at 11:15 p.m. EST. Launching on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, the spacecraft will use Venus' and Earth's gravity to swing itself out of the ecliptic plane -- the swath of space, roughly aligned with the Sun's equator, wh ere all planets orbit. From there, Solar Orbiter's bird's eye view will give it the first-ever look at the Sun's poles.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDDhPeCI5Po (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDDhPeCI5Po)https://www.youtube.com/embed/eDDhPeCI5Po (https://www.youtube.com/embed/eDDhPeCI5Po) (3:17)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 29.01.2020 11:32:20
Хороший текст о теплоизоляции и покрытиях https://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Space_Engineering_Technology/Paint_it_black_Stone_Age_sunscreen_for_Solar_Orbiter (https://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Space_Engineering_Technology/Paint_it_black_Stone_Age_sunscreen_for_Solar_Orbiter)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 29.01.2020 23:06:18
https://tass.ru/kosmos/7633867
ЦитатаВ Ирландии изобрели "синтетическую черную кость" для обшивки космического зонда
ДУБЛИН, 29 января. /ТАСС/. Инновационная разработка ирландской компании Enbio Space имела ключевое значение в подготовке миссии Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) по наблюдению за Солнцем. Об этом сообщил национальный телеканал RTE (https://www.rte.ie/).
Запуск космического зонда ЕКА Solar Orbiter намечен на 7 февраля с мыса Канаверал, уточнил телеканал. С солнечной орбиты аппарату предстоит наблюдать за полюсами Солнца в течение нескольких лет, и успех этих исследований в значительной степени будет зависеть от термоустойчивости зонда, в первую очередь его обшивки. Именно этим вопросом занималась технологическая фирма Enbio Space из Клонмела (графство Типперери), сообщил RTE.
"ЕКА в течение нескольких лет занималось поиском оптимального технологического решения, и мы оказались в нужном месте в нужный момент. У нас был проект "синтетической черной кости" - материала, который получается из побочных продуктов мясной промышленности", - рассказал телеканалу глава Enbio Space Джон О'Донохью. Он пояснил, что технология состоит в обжиге костного материала в специальной печи при высоких температурах (около 500 градусов Цельсия) и низкой концентрации кислорода. Такое покрытие обеспечивает космическому аппарату защиту от тепловых и ультрафиолетовых лучей, дополнительную механическую прочность, а также оптимальную электропроводимость.
О'Донохью рассчитывает, что разработанная им технология получит широкое применение в космической индустрии, прежде всего в изготовлении спутников и зондов. Изобретатель будет наблюдать за запуском Solar Orbiter непосредственно из пункта управления на мысе Канаверал. "Детские мечты сбываются", - сказал он в интервью телеканалу.
Solar Orbiter является совместным проектом ЕКА и NASA, а стоимость изготовления зонда составила $1,5 млрд. Этому небольшому аппарату весом 1,8 кг предстоит в течение полутора лет достичь орбитальной позиции, приблизившись на расстояние 42 млн км от солнечной поверхности. Совместно с ранее запущенным NASA зондом PSP (Parker Solar Probe) европейскому зонду предстоит вести наблюдение за солнечной активностью и магнитными полями Солнца. В отличие от американского аппарата, Solar Orbiter снабжен фототехникой, которая, как ожидается, к ноябрю 2021 года направит на Землю свои первые снимки. "Мы входим в золотой век космических исследований", - заявила по поводу предстоящих солнечных наблюдений на недавней пресс-конференции в Вашингтоне глава отдела гелиофизики NASA Ники Фокс.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 29.01.2020 23:10:23
http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/53095/
ЦитатаЗапуск Solar Orbiter отложен на два дня
 Из-за технических проблем, возникших на РН Atlas-5 в ходе наземных испытаний, запуск американо-европейского солнечного зонда Solar Orbiter отложен на двое суток, сообщает SpaceFlightNow. Попытка запуска будет предпринята в ночь на  8 февраля с космодрома на мысе Канаверал.
А.Ж.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.01.2020 23:41:37
К #78 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1944437/#message1944437)

Хоршая новость, жаль, опоздала на три дня (хоть и на русс. яз.) - #69 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1942650/#message1942650), #71 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1942679/#message1942679)  :D . В ночь - это по EST, по UTC - глубоко за полночь, по ДМВ - в 7:15 утра.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 15:38:14
Едем вправо...
https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
ЦитатаJan 31 11:46
Launch scheduled for Feb. 9

NASA, ESA (European Space Agency), Airbus and United Launch Alliance now are targeting 11:03 p.m. EST Sunday, Feb. 9, for the launch of the Solar Orbiter mission on an Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The launch has a two-hour window.

The two-day launch delay was caused by two items that delayed transport of the spacecraft to the pad. The first item was a schedule conflict on Wednesday with a commercial mission launch from a nearby launch pad. The second item was the weather Thursday morning. The transport of the spacecraft from the processing facility to the launch complex for mate operations now is planned for Friday, Jan. 31.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 15:42:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) ESA's Solar Orbiter@ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 11:44 AM - Jan 31, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1223165226805272576)

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) Launch update (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) @Airbus (https://twitter.com/Airbus) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) now targeting 9 Feb (23:03 EST)/10 Feb (04:03 GMT/05:03 CET) for launch of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)

More info (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f449.png)https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/01/31/new-solar-orbiter-launch-date/ ... (https://t.co/cStPeAQazc)

European media event now on 10  Feb (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f449.png)http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Call_for_Media_Solar_Orbiter_launch_to_face_the_Sun ... (https://t.co/53LB8mYNBT)#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EPmOSiNXUAE1vBv.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:08:03
Компания ULA опубликовала буклет миссии

solarorbiter_mob.pdf (https://www.ulalaunch.com/docs/default-source/launch-booklets/solarorbiter_mob.pdf) - 5.0 MB, 2 стр, 2020-01-31
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:35:05
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113651)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:35:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113652)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:44:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113653)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:45:57
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113654)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113655)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 16:59:40
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 4:54 PM - Jan 31, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1223243262879727616)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is at the VIF. Weather looks good for mate
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 18:52:57
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/new-mission-will-take-first-peek-at-sun-s-poles (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/new-mission-will-take-first-peek-at-sun-s-poles)
Цитата(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/ubernode_alt_horiz/public/thumbnails/image/solar_orbiter_banner_gif_large_optimize.gif) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/solar_orbiter_banner_gif_large_optimize.gif)

Jan. 27, 2020

New Mission Will Take 1st Peek at Sun's Poles

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/side_image/public/thumbnails/image/trajectory_gif_cropped.gif?itok=2OlStKaV) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/trajectory_gif_cropped.gif)
Animation of a portion of Solar Orbiter's highly inclined orbit.
Credits: ESA/ATG medialab


(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/side_image/public/thumbnails/image/3._cme_gif_11660.gif?itok=S4t6HPZC) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/3._cme_gif_11660.gif)
A simulation of a solar eruption hitting Earth's magnetic field.
Credits: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Scientific Visualization Studio/Community-Coordinated Modeling Center
Download high-res file (https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a011600/a011660/)


A new spacecraft is journeying to the Sun to snap the first pictures of the Sun's north and south poles.

Solar Orbiter, a collaboration between the European Space Agency, or ESA, and NASA, will have its first opportunity to launch from Cape Canaveral on Feb. 7, 2020, at 11:15 p.m. EST. Launching on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, the spacecraft will use Venus's and Earth's gravity to swing itself out of the ecliptic plane -- the swath of space, roughly aligned with the Sun's equator, where all planets orbit. From there, Solar Orbiter's bird's eye view will give it the first-ever look at the Sun's poles.

"Up until Solar Orbiter, all solar imaging instruments have been within the ecliptic plane or very close to it," said Russell Howard, space scientist at the Naval Research Lab in Washington, D.C. and principal investigator for one of Solar Orbiter's ten instruments. "Now, we'll be able to look down on the Sun from above."

"It will be terra incognita," said Daniel Müller, ESA project scientist for the mission at the European Space Research and Technology Centre in the Netherlands. "This is really exploratory science."

The Sun plays a central role in shaping space around us. Its massive magnetic field stretches far beyond Pluto, paving a superhighway for charged solar particles known as the solar wind. When bursts of solar wind hit Earth, they can spark space weather storms that interfere with our GPS and communications satellites -- at their worst, they can even threaten astronauts.

To prepare for arriving solar storms, scientists monitor the Sun's magnetic field. But their techniques work best with a straight-on view; the steeper the viewing angle, the noisier the data. The sidelong glimpse we get of the Sun's poles from within the ecliptic plane leaves major gaps in the data.

"The poles are particularly important for us to be able to model more accurately," said Holly Gilbert, NASA project scientist for the mission at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. "For forecasting space weather events, we need a pretty accurate model of the global magnetic field of the Sun."

The Sun's poles may also explain centuries-old observations. In 1843, German astronomer Samuel Heinrich Schwabe discovered that the number of sunspots -- dark blotches on the Sun's surface marking strong magnetic fields -- waxes and wanes in a repeating pattern. Today, we know it as the approximately-11-year solar cycle in which the Sun transitions between solar maximum, when sunspots proliferate and the Sun is active and turbulent, and solar minimum, when they're fewer and it's calmer. "But we don't understand why it's 11 years, or why some solar maximums are stronger than others," Gilbert said. Observing the changing magnetic fields of the poles could offer an answer.

The only prior spacecraft to fly over the Sun's poles was also a joint ESA/NASA venture. Launched in 1990, the Ulysses spacecraft made three passes around our star before it was decommissioned in 2009. But Ulysses never got closer than Earth-distance to the Sun, and only carried what's known as in situ instruments -- like the sense of touch, they measure the space environment immediately around the spacecraft. Solar Orbiter, on the other hand, will pass inside the orbit of Mercury carrying four in situ instruments and six remote-sensing imagers, which see the Sun from afar. "We are going to be able to map what we 'touch' with the in situ instruments and what we 'see' with remote sensing," said Teresa Nieves-Chinchilla, NASA deputy project scientist for the mission.

After years of technology development, it will be the closest any Sun-facing cameras have ever gotten to the Sun. "You can't really get much closer than Solar Orbiter is going and still look at the Sun," Müller said.

Over the mission's seven year lifetime, Solar Orbiter will reach an inclination of 24 degrees above the Sun's equator, increasing to 33 degrees with an additional three years of extended mission operations. At closest approach the spacecraft will pass within 26 million miles of the Sun.

To beat the heat, Solar Orbiter has a custom-designed titanium heat shield with a calcium phosphate coating that withstands temperatures over 900 degrees Fahrenheit -- thirteen times the solar heating faced by spacecraft in Earth orbit. Five of the remote-sensing instruments look at the Sun through peepholes in that heat shield; one observes the solar wind out to the side.

Solar Orbiter will be NASA's second major mission to the inner solar system in recent years, following on August 2018's launch of Parker Solar Probe. Parker has completed four close solar passes and will fly within four million miles of the Sun at closest approach.

The two spacecraft will work together: As Parker samples solar particles up close, Solar Orbiter will capture imagery from farther away, contextualizing the observations. The two spacecraft will also occasionally align to measure the same magnetic field lines or streams of solar wind at different times.

"We are learning a lot with Parker, and adding Solar Orbiter to the equation will only bring even more knowledge," said Nieves-Chinchilla.

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between the European Space Agency and NASA. ESA's European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in The Netherlands manages the development effort. The European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter after launch. Solar Orbiter was built by Airbus Defense and Space, and contains 10 instruments: nine provided by ESA member states and ESA. NASA provided one instrument suite, SoloHI and provided detectors and hardware for three other instruments.

Banner Image: An animation of Solar Orbiter peering at the Sun through peepholes in its heat shield. Credits: ESA/ATG medialab

By Miles Hatfield
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (http://nasa.gov/goddard), Greenbelt, Md.


Last Updated: Jan. 28, 2020
Editor: Miles Hatfield
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 23:33:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 10:38 PM - Jan 31, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1223329850145927169)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is resting serenely atop Mighty Atlas
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 31.01.2020 23:41:56
https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/31/solar-orbiter-joined-to-atlas-v-for-launch-to-sun (https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/01/31/solar-orbiter-joined-to-atlas-v-for-launch-to-sun)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter joined to Atlas V for launch to sun
Jan 31, 2020, 12:40 PM

Solar Orbiter has been hoisted atop its United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket that will launch the spacecraft to the sun for repeated close encounters and detailed observations over the next decade.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_transport.jpg?sfvrsn=3de99a69_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/solo_transport.jpg?sfvrsn=3de99a69_0)

The spacecraft will examine how the sun creates and controls the heliosphere, the vast bubble of charged particles blown by the solar wind into the interstellar medium. Solar Orbiter also will combine in situ and remote sensing observations to gain new information about the solar wind, the sun's magnetic field and solar energetic particles.
 
In the predawn darkness today, the encapsulated payload traversed from the Astrotech processing facility in Titusville, through Kennedy Space Center and over to the Vertical Integration Facility (VIF) were the Atlas V rocket was assembled for launch.
 
The VIF crane raised the payload atop the Centaur upper stage for attachment to complete the 189-foot-tall rocket.
 
The trip was delayed two days by a scheduling conflict with a commercial mission from a nearby launch complex and inclement weather.
 
Launch is targeted for Sunday, Feb. 9 during a two-hour window extending from 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) to 1:03 a.m. EST (0603 UTC).

The 850,150-pound Atlas V rocket will accelerate Solar Orbiter to 27,000 mph on an Earth departure trajectory to the inner solar system. The spacecraft will reside in an elliptical orbit and make a close approach of the sun every six months, swinging by within 26 million miles of the star's surface.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.02.2020 22:59:27
https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/01/decades-in-the-making-solar-orbiter-finally-meets-launcher-at-cape-canaveral/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/01/decades-in-the-making-solar-orbiter-finally-meets-launcher-at-cape-canaveral/)
ЦитатаDecades in the making, Solar Orbiter finally meets launcher at Cape Canaveral
February 1, 2020 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/solo_transport.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft, cocooned inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload shroud, was attached atop the Atlas 5 launcher Friday after an early morning departure fr om a nearby payload processing facility. Credit: United Launch Alliance

The European-built Solar Orbiter spacecraft was installed on top of its United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 launcher Friday at Cape Canaveral, ready for final charging and checkouts before liftoff Feb. 9 to finally begin a more than $1.5 billion science mission first approved by the European Space Agency nearly 20 years ago.

Scientists are eager for the unprecedented images and data Solar Orbiter will beam back to Earth, including the first-ever views of the sun's poles.

"It will be terra incognita," said Daniel Müller, project scientist for the mission at the European Space Agency. "This is really exploratory science."

"The sun is an extremely dynamic astronomical body," said César García, ESA's project manager for the Solar Orbiter mission. "It's constantly ejecting mass, ejecting charged particles and ejecting magnetic fields into where we are, into the heliosphere.

"The purpose of this mission is looking at these very dynamic phenomena, and trying to determine what makes them happen," García said.

But it's been a long wait. Scientists first developed the concept for the Solar Orbiter mission in 1999, and ESA approved the project in 2000 for additional studies. At that time, officials expected the mission to be ready for launch between 2008 and 2013.

After a decade of concept studies, and the start of a new partnership with NASA, ESA formally selected Solar Orbiter in 2011 for full-scale development, with a launch scheduled in 2017.

But technical difficulties in building the Solar Orbiter spacecraft delayed the mission to 2020.

The nearly 3,900-pound (1,750-kilogram) spacecraft was transferred by truck from the Astrotech payload processing facility in Titusville, Florida, early Friday and arrived at ULA's Vertical Integration Facility at Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad several hours later. Teams there hoisted the Solar Orbiter spacecraft -- already enclosed inside its 4-meter (13.1-f0ot) payload shroud -- atop an Atlas 5 launcher.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/KSC-20200120-PH-JBS01_0051large.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft was encapsulated inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload fairing Jan. 20. Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The Solar Orbiter spacecraft's mating with its launch vehicle was delayed two days this week, first by a SpaceX launch from the nearby Complex 40 launch pad Wednesday, which prevented the payload transfer to the VIF due to safety concerns because of the close proximity between the pads. Poor weather Thursday prevented Solar Orbiter from rolling out to the VIF on Thursday, but conditions improved for the transfer operation Friday.

The delays in attaching Solar Orbiter to its Atlas 5 launcher forced officials to push back the mission's liftoff from Feb. 7 to Feb. 9. The two-hour launch window Feb. 9 opens at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 GMT on Feb. 10).

The launch was originally slated for Feb. 5, but a technical issue discovered during a practice countdown on the Atlas 5 rocket prompted a two-day schedule slip to Feb. 7.

Solar Orbiter has launch opportunities through Feb. 23, or else wait until a backup launch period in October. The mission has limited launch windows because it must depart Earth on a trajectory toward Venus, which plays a major role in reshaping Solar Orbiter's trajectory around the sun to set it up for the start of its science mission.

Over the past few weeks, teams at Astrotech have loaded the Airbus-built spacecraft with a quarter-ton of hydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide propellants. Then technicians encapsulated the spacecraft inside the Atlas 5's nose cone, which is emblazoned with logos for the Solar Orbiter mission, ESA and NASA.

While ESA leads the Solar Orbiter mission, NASA is paying for the probe's launch, and there is one U.S.-led instrument on the spacecraft.

With the launch of Solar Orbiter, scientists will soon have two spacecraft observing the sun from locations closer than any previous mission.

NASA's Parker Solar Probe launched in August 2018 on a trajectory that takes it closer to the sun than Solar Orbiter. But Solar Orbiter carries cameras and telescopes, while Parker flies so close to the sun that scorching temperatures could damage, or destroy, sensitive imaging sensors.

And Solar Orbiter will circle the sun at a higher tilt than Parker, allowing views of the sun's poles.

"Solar Orbiter will go into a unique location moving out of the sun-Earth plane and be able to, for the first time, image the poles of the sun, so it's adding a whole new dimension to what we're able to do now," said Nicky Fox, director of NASA's heliophysics division.

The first good look at the sun's poles will come in 2025, when Solar Orbiter reaches a trajectory angled at 17 degrees to the ecliptic plane, the plane in which the solar system's planets are located. Repeated flybys with Venus will gradually ratchet up the probe's inclination, or orbital tilt, thanks to the planet's gravity.

By 2029, after the end of Solar Orbiter's primary mission phase, the spacecraft should be in an orbit inclined more than 33 degrees to the ecliptic plane, enabling even better views of the sun's poles.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/1567216088069-SolarOrbiter_spacecraft_illustration_2000.jpg)
Artist's concept of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Credit: ESA

The Solar Orbiter mission, also known as SolO, is the next in a line of large-scale solar research mission developed in collaboration between the European Space Agency and NASA. It follows the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO, mission launched in 1995, and the Ulysses probe launched in 1990 to study the sun's polar regions for the first time.

Ulysses ceased operating in 2009, but SOHO continues collecting data and imagery to measure the sun's output and help forecasters predict the impacts of solar storms, which could affect satellite navigation, communication and electrical grids on Earth.

"SOHO has shown tremendous resilience and lifetime," said Günther Hasinger, director of ESA's science program. "SOHO is still one of the backbones of space weather prediction. At some time in the future, SOHO will no longer work. There was Ulysses originally, then SOHO. We also have a number of small missions like the Proba 2 and Proba 3 missions, which are dedicated to solar research.

"But Solar Orbiter is clearly a new class in its own," Hasinger said in a recent interview with Spaceflight Now. "It has loads of instruments, which will go not as close as Parker Solar Probe, but quite close. Solar Orbiter will also have eyes. Parker Solar Probe can only sense and measure the plasma and the magnetic field, but Solar Orbiter also has six instruments that can really look at the sun."

Fitted with 10 science instruments, Solar Orbiter will swing inside the orbit of Mercury and travel as close as 26 million miles (42 million kilometers) from the sun, about a quarter of Earth's distance from the sun. Temperatures encountered by Solar Orbiter could reach nearly 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit, or about 530 degrees Celsius, according to Anne Pacros, Solar Orbiter's mission and payload manager at ESA.

"It's like being in a pizza oven, so you have to make sure that you don't burn the instruments," Hasinger said.

Solar Orbiter will see solar heating 13 times that experienced by a satellite in Earth orbit. Engineers developed a heat shield to protect the spacecraft from the hot temperatures, including sliding doors for the probe's camera and telescopes.

The heat shield is made of several layers of titanium, the outermost of which is covered in a coating named "Solar Black," which was specifically invented for the Solar Orbiter mission.

"We developed this black coating which is able to withstand about 500 degrees Celsius (more than 900 degrees Fahrenheit)," García said. "It is installed in a way that is separate from the spacecraft so that theres no conduction of heat from the very hot surface on the heat shield to the rest of the spacecraft."

"The mission had three main requirements for the heat shield covering," said Andrew Norman, an ESA materials engineer.

"Firstly, it had to keep the same colour during years of exposure to intense solar flux, including high ultraviolet radiation -- the mission team would have loved a white coating, to reflect back more solar energy, but testing showed it would darken unacceptably over time," Norman said in an ESA press release. "So we settled on black, to keep its thermo-optical properties stable over the mission lifetime.

"Secondly, it had to be electrically conductive, to prevent any build-up of static from interaction with the solar wind -- which might do damage to the spacecraft by discharging," Norman said. "Finally, there could be no outgassing or shedding of particles, which might endanger the mission's instrument lenses, mirrors and sensitive surfaces."

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Solar-Orbiter-Copy-Airbus-2019.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Credit: Airbus Defense and Space

But existing paints and coatings could not satisfy all three requirements for the Solar Orbiter mission, and leaving the heat shield's titanium structure bare was not a good option.

ESA turned to a special method for coating titanium medical implants with artificial bone -- which allows the implants to better bond with the human skeleton -- to solve the Solar Orbiter heat shield conundrum.

"Our rationale was that it is always challenging to coat materials well, and titanium, while being a standard material for space, poses particular difficulties," said Laurent Pampaguian, an ESA materials specialist.

An Irish company named Enbio uses the coating technique in medical applications, using a process named "co-blast" to strip away oxide layers on metal implants to help with attaching electrical connections, while simultaneously spraying an artificial bone-like material to coat the device. Enbio says the process allows the spray-on material to become chemically bonded to to the implant, creating a thin coating just a few thousandths of a millimeter thick.

Enbio supplied ESA with black coatings for testing, including graphite, silicon carbide and pyrolytic carbon. They eventually turned to another bone product commonly used in the Stone Age.

"I recalled cavemen used burnt bone for cave painting, along with charcoal -- and its durability is proved by the fact the paintings survive to this day," said John O'Donoghue, managing director at Enbio. "We found a U.S. company called Ebonex who produce a char bone pigment -- they burn the bone in low oxygen, then crush it, so all the fat and tissue is gone, leaving only elemental carbon.

"It turned out the pigment already had space heritage, having been employed by NASA," O'Donoghue said in an ESA press release.

The bone-based coating passed a stringent series of tests, and engineers eventually selected it for Solar Orbiter's heat shield. Officials named the new coating "Solar Black."

The Solar Black layer was added to more parts of the spacecraft, and ESA and Airbus paid for a dedicated facility -- named the Enbio Space Technologies Center -- in Ireland to coat larger elements of the probe, such as its high-gain antenna, according to ESA.

Enbio ended up developing a second coating, called "Solar White," to spray on top of the black material for certain parts of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, such as thermal radiators, the edges of its solar arrays, and an instrument boom, ESA said.

Around 80 percent of the spacecraft is covered with either Solar Black or Solar White, according to ESA.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments.jpg)
Solar Orbiter's suite of ten science instruments that will study the sun. There are two types: in situ and remote sensing. The in situ instruments measure the conditions around the spacecraft itself. The remote-sensing instruments measure what is happening at large distances away. Together, both sets of data can be used to piece together a more complete picture of what is happening in the sun's corona and the solar wind. Credit: ESA-S.Poletti

"What we want to do with Solar Orbiter is to understand how our star creates and (produces) this constantly-changing environment throughout the solar system," said Yannis Zouganelis, ESA's deputy project scientist for the mission. "We have big questions we want to answer."

"There are still mysteries around our understanding of the energy sources in the sun that produces the magnetic field and solar flares," Hasinger said. "A lot of people now think that some of the mysteries are actually hidden in the poles, which we have never seen. So the hope is that if we are able to observe the poles in a very accurate way, then we may understand better how the magnetic field is created and transported. In particular, the 11-year solar cycle seems to be linked to things that are happening on the poles."

The Ulysses mission, thanks to a boost into a highly-inclined orbit from Jupiter's gravity, carried instruments that measured the environment over the sun's poles. But Ulysses did not have cameras, and it never flew closer to the sun than Earth.

Solar Orbiter will take around a half-year to complete one lap around the sun. At times, the spacecraft's velocity relative to the sun will closely match the rate of the star's rotation.

"So it's almost like a geostationary satellite which always looks at the same spot of the sun for 10 days in a row," Hasinger said. "That means you can really follow the development much more accurately and see how the magnetic field structures are developing."

Scientists hope to learn more about the inner workings of stars by looking at the sun. But there's also a tangible benefit, officials said.

"It is indeed a golden age for solar terrestrial physics," Hasinger said. "It's also, I think, an age wh ere we are slowly moving from the scientific analysis to the understanding of space weather, and also space weather forecasting.

"So I think the whole element of space weather will become very important, not just for the environment of the Earth and the technical infrastructure, but also when you want to send astronauts to the moon and to Mars, space weather is a very important element," Hasinger told Spaceflight Now.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.02.2020 23:04:25
https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
ЦитатаLAUNCH WEBCAST

The live launch webcast begins Sunday, Feb. 9 at 10:30 p.m. EST (0330 UTC)
Прим. адрес трансляции будет опубликован позже.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.02.2020 00:04:31
https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/02/03/meet-the-truly-unique-atlas-v-411-rocket (https://www.ulalaunch.com/explore/blog-detail/blog/2020/02/03/meet-the-truly-unique-atlas-v-411-rocket)
ЦитатаMeet the truly unique Atlas V 411 rocket
Feb 3, 2020, 11:35 AM

It has the outward appearance like no other rocket, but the unique Atlas V 411 vehicle launching Solar Orbiter is tailored to the performance needed to achieve the Earth departure trajectory for making repeated close encounters with the sun.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/orex_411.jpg?sfvrsn=286a584c_0) (https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/orex_411.jpg?sfvrsn=286a584c_0)

NASA selected this rocket to launch the craft as part of an international collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA), which will operate Solar Orbiter on its decade-long mission to fly just 26 million miles from the sun for observations.
 
This Atlas V configuration appears special because it has only one solid-fuel booster mounted to its side, turning conventional wisdom upside down. Rockets normally fly with either no strap-on boosters or else multiple motors.
 
How can a such a seemingly unbalanced launch vehicle fly properly?
 
The answer starts with the solid rocket booster's stationary nozzle. It is aligned with the overall rocket's center of gravity, and the Atlas V's dual-nozzle main engine provides ample control authority to steer the rocket smoothly through the sky.
 
The steering actuators on the main engine counteract the asymmetrical thrust from the single solid to enable the rocket to fly straight, mitigating the offset thrust.
 
The philosophy for using the 411 configuration is found in the original Atlas V designs. The rocket was created using a "dial-a-rocket" approach to match a particular payload's needs to make the rocket not too strong and not too weak, providing just the right amount of power for Solar Orbiter.

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/atlasv_411.jpg?sfvrsn=a0b78625_0)

This 411 variant has flown five times since 2006, all successfully, to launch the ASTRA 1KR television satellite, two missions for the National Reconnaissance Office, NASA's OSIRIS-REx sample-return spacecraft to the Asteroid Bennu and the U.S. military's SBIRS GEO Flight 4 missile surveillance satellite.
 
While the appearance is stark, the unevenness of the SRB arrangement is not unusual for Atlas V. Several other configurations launch successfully with unbalanced numbers of boosters attached to the first stage, like the 551 version with three on one side and two on the other.
 
Solar Orbiter will leave the launch pad atop 1.2 million pounds of thrust from the Atlas V main engine and lone solid. The SRB will burn for about 90 seconds, while the first stage engine will fire for four minutes.
 
Two burns by the Centaur upper stage achieves escape velocity, propelling Solar Orbiter to 27,000 mph for deployment less than an hour after liftoff.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.02.2020 08:20:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 5:36 AM - Feb 3, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1224159796821184515)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) remains on track. Preparations complete for IST.


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1114945558236618752/QoASWWwO_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/CR15PYbacon) The Pope of the Church of Jim@CR15PYbacon (https://twitter.com/CR15PYbacon) 5:59 AM - Feb 3, 2020 (https://twitter.com/CR15PYbacon/status/1224165607563825152)

What's IST?


](https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 6:02 AM - Feb 3, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1224166313955856384)

Integrated Systems Test. (We do a lot of testing before a launch. Kind of obsessive about making sure everything is working before committing to flight...)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.02.2020 08:34:46
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-to-broadcast-solar-orbiter-launch-prelaunch-activities (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-to-broadcast-solar-orbiter-launch-prelaunch-activities)
ЦитатаJan. 31, 2020

NASA to Broadcast Solar Orbiter Launch, Prelaunch Activities
NASA's Launch Services Program is targeting 11:03 p.m. EST Sunday, Feb. 9, for the launch of Solar Orbiter, an international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency and NASA. Live coverage will begin on NASA Television and the agency's website (https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive) Friday, Feb. 7 with prelaunch events.





Solar Orbiter will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.





Full mission coverage is as follows (all times Eastern):





Friday, Feb. 7


News Media Schedule


1 - 2 p.m.                          Prelaunch news conference

    [/li]
  • Tim Dunn, Launch Director, NASA Launch Services Program
  • Cesar Garcia, Solar Orbiter Project Manager, European Space Agency
  • Haydée M. Maldonado, NASA Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) Project Manager, Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Ian Walters, Project Manager Solar Orbiter, Airbus Defence and Space
  • Scott Messer, NASA LSP Program Manager, United Launch Alliance
  • Jessica Williams, 45th Space Wing Weather Officer


2:30 - 3:30 p.m.                Science Briefing

    [/li]
  • Daniel Mueller, Solar Orbiter Project Scientist, European Space Agency
  • Nicky Fox, Director, NASA Heliophysics Division
  • Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator, NASA Science Mission Directorate
  • Guenther Hasinger, Director of Science, European Space Agency


Saturday, Feb. 8





10 - 11 a.m.                                 Solar Orbiter Rollout Viewing (UCS-3)


Media who would like to attend the Solar Orbiter rollout must RSVP by noon on Tuesday, Feb. 4 to ksc-media-accreditat@mail.nasa.gov (mailto:ksc-media-accreditat@mail.nasa.gov). There is a limit of 30 media for this opportunity and spots will be filled on a first-come first-serve basis.


Sunday, Feb. 9


11:03 p.m.                                   Launch





NASA TV Launch Coverage


NASA TV live coverage will begin at 10:30 p.m. For NASA TV downlink information, schedules and links to streaming video, visit http://www.nasa.gov/ntv. (http://www.nasa.gov/ntv)


NASA Web Prelaunch and Launch Coverage


Prelaunch and launch coverage of the Solar Orbiter mission will be available on the NASA website. Coverage will include live streaming and blog updates beginning at 10:30 p.m. as the countdown milestones occur. 


Last Updated: Jan. 31, 2020
Editor: Danielle Sempsrott
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 07:49:40
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062789582586925056/BqsiVD5M_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/GeoffdBarrett)
 Geoff Barrett (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)@GeoffdBarrett (https://twitter.com/GeoffdBarrett) 3:32 AM - Feb 5, 2020 (https://twitter.com/GeoffdBarrett/status/1224853339118166018)

As @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) pointed out there is MAJOR potential for a double header launch on Sunday!#Antares (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Antares?src=hash) #Cygnus (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Cygnus?src=hash) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EP-NWhzX4AMGDBY.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 17:42:43
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Trailer

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7_S3158Iax5KOPYENKVzQeedsuzhGLm0TKuhQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAexplorer) NASA Goddard (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAY-SMFNfynqz1bdoaV8BeQ)

4 февр. 2020 г.

Solar Orbiter is the ESA/NASA collaboration soon to start its journey to the Sun. Solar Orbiter has uniquely tilted orbit that will enable it to capture the first images of the Sun's North and South poles and tackle major solar mysteries with its comprehensive suite of ten different instruments.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaDQRKd8ORg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaDQRKd8ORg)https://www.youtube.com/embed/ZaDQRKd8ORg (https://www.youtube.com/embed/ZaDQRKd8ORg) (1:17)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 17:48:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 5:48 AM - Feb 5, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1224887504584749059)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) testing for today successful. Tiger Team walk down went well. On track to fly.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 17:52:04
ЦитатаFeb 05 16:34

Weather 80% GO for Sunday night

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200205133447_947036.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200205133447_947036.jpeg)

The initial forecast from Launch Weather Officer Jessica Williams for Sunday night's 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) launch of Atlas V and Solar Orbiter indicates an 80 percent chance of favorable conditions.

"For Sunday evening, high pressure moves off the southeast coast turning the winds onshore from the east. This will bring a few clouds but precipitation chances are near 0 percent. Therefore, the primary concern for launch is the Cumulus Cloud Rule," the launch weather team says.

The operations forecast includes a few low- and mid-level clouds, scattered high cirrus, good visibility, easterly winds 15 peaking to 22 knots and a temperature near 67 degrees F.

If the launch is postponed to Monday night's window, there is a 70 percent chance of good conditions. The onshore flow will increase the chance of clouds and a slight chance of a rain shower at the coast.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 21:23:28
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/05/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-attached-to-atlas-v-rocket-for-upcoming-launch/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/05/solar-orbiter-spacecraft-attached-to-atlas-v-rocket-for-upcoming-launch/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Spacecraft Attached to Atlas V Rocket for Upcoming Launch

Danielle Sempsrott (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/dsempsro/)
Posted Feb 5, 2020 at 12:28 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar-Orbiter-Mate-2-840x1024.jpg)
The United Launch Alliance Atlas V payload fairing, containing the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, is hoisted up by crane at the Vertical Integration Facility at Space Launch Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on Jan. 31, 2020. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

Final preparations are underway for the launch of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, scheduled for Sunday, Feb. 9, at 11:03 p.m. EST from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Following its Jan. 20 encapsulation inside the payload fairing at Astrotech's processing facility in Titusville, the spacecraft was transported to the Vertical Integration Facility (VIF) at Space Launch Complex 41 on Jan. 31.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar-Orbiter-Mate-to-Atlas-V-200x300.jpg)
Inside the Vertical Integration Facility at Space Launch Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, workers assist as the United Launch Alliance Atlas V payload fairing, containing the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, is lowered onto the company's Atlas V rocket on Jan. 31, 2020. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

The spacecraft, secured inside the fairing, was lifted by crane and vertically installed to the top of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. The rocket will remain inside the VIF until the day before launch, when it will then roll out to the launch complex in preparation for liftoff.

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. The mission aims to study the Sun, its outer atmosphere and solar wind. The spacecraft will provide the first images of the Sun's poles. NASA's Launch Services Program based at Kennedy Space Center in Florida is managing the launch. The spacecraft has been developed by Airbus Defence and Space.

Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.02.2020 22:39:58
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/how-esa-nasa-solar-orbiter-beats-the-heat-shield-sun (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/how-esa-nasa-solar-orbiter-beats-the-heat-shield-sun)
Цитата(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/ubernode_alt_horiz/public/thumbnails/image/solar_orbiter_banner_gif_large_optimize.gif) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/solar_orbiter_banner_gif_large_optimize.gif)

Feb. 4, 2020

How ESA-NASA's Solar Orbiter Beats the Heat

When Solar Orbiter launches (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/new-mission-will-take-first-peek-at-sun-s-poles) on its journey to the Sun, there's one key piece of engineering making this ESA-NASA mission possible: the heat shield.

Seeking a view of the Sun's north and south poles, Solar Orbiter will journey out of the ecliptic plane -- the belt of space, roughly in line with the Sun's equator, through which the planets orbit. Slinging repeatedly past Venus in order to draw near the Sun and climb higher above the ecliptic, the spacecraft bounds from the Sun and back toward the orbit of Earth throughout its mission.

"Although Solar Orbiter goes quite close to the Sun, it also goes quite far away," said Anne Pacros, the payload manager at the European Space Agency's, or ESA's, European Space Research and Technology Centre in the Netherlands. "We have to survive both high heat and extreme cold." In the dark of space, Solar Orbiter faces temperatures of minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit. At closest approach, 26 million miles from the Sun, it will encounter intense heat and radiation.

But Solar Orbiter's 324-pound heat shield reflects and guides heat away from the spacecraft and can withstand up to 970 F.

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/side_image/public/thumbnails/image/ksc-20200120-ph-jbs01_0087.jpg?itok=KhTiM7MF) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/ksc-20200120-ph-jbs01_0087.jpg)
The Solar Orbiter spacecraft is prepared for encapsulation in the Atlas V payload fairing. In this image, the front layer of thin titanium foil and star-shaped brackets are visible. The front layer reflects heat, while the brackets provide support.
Credits: NASA/Ben Smegelsky


The heat shield is built like a 10-foot-by-8-foot sandwich. The front layer -- wafer-thin sheets of titanium foil -- strongly reflects heat. A honeycomb-patterned aluminum base, covered in more foil insulation, forms the inner slice closest to the spacecraft and provides support.

Star-shaped titanium brackets keep the layers in place, like a toothpick tasked to hold bread together, but notably, this sandwich is missing its filling. The nearly 10-inch gap in the shield funnels heat out to space. A smaller, second gap lies between the inner slice and the spacecraft. Overall, the shield is 15 inches thick. It also has several eyes: peepholes for five of the spacecraft's remote-sensing instruments (https://www.nasa.gov/content/solar-orbiter-instruments) to peer through.

Solar Orbiter's heat shield is coated with a thin, black layer of calcium phosphate, a charcoal-like powder much like pigments used in cave paintings thousands of years ago.

"It's funny that something as technologically advanced as this is actually very old," Pacros said. But the coating resists degradation under the blow of intense solar ultraviolet radiation. Although the black powder does absorb some heat, it's excellent at shedding that heat back out to space.

Solar Orbiter also has to contend with its own heat. Its instruments work up a sweat while they're running; panels of radiators on the side of the spacecraft eject heat and ensure the instruments don't get too hot.

Tight control of the spacecraft's position and tilt is key to protecting the instruments. Once the spacecraft is past the 88-million-mile mark in its solar flybys -- that's 95% of the distance between the Sun and Earth -- the heat shield must be pointed straight at the Sun. That means Solar Orbiter will crab walk through space, keeping the spacecraft and instruments tucked in the heat shield's shadow.

Solar Orbiter is an international cooperative mission between the European Space Agency and NASA. ESA's European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in the Netherlands manages the development effort. The European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter after launch. Solar Orbiter was built by Airbus Defence and Space, and contains 10 instruments: nine provided by ESA member states and ESA. NASA provided one instrument (SoloHI) and an additional sensor, the Heavy Ion Sensor, which is part of the Solar Wind Analyzer (SWA) instrument suite.

Banner image: An animation of Solar Orbiter peering at the Sun through peepholes in its heat shield. Credits: ESA/ATG medialab

Related: 
New Mission Will Take First Peek at Sun's Poles (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/new-mission-will-take-first-peek-at-sun-s-poles)

By Lina Tran (mailto:lina.tran@nasa.gov)
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (http://nasa.gov/goddard), Greenbelt, Md.


Last Updated: Feb. 4, 2020
Editor: Lina Tran
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.02.2020 00:42:24
Прогноз погоды L-4 на 9 февраляя 2020 г.

Atlas V AV-087 Solar Orbiter L-4 5 Feb (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/Weather/AV-087%20Solar%20Orbiter%20L-4%20Forecast.pdf?ver=2020-02-05-145101-607)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/113911)
Пусковой день    (09.02) - = 80 % GO
Резервный день (10.02) - = 70 % GO
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.02.2020 04:28:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) ESA's Solar Orbiter@ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 7:56 PM - Feb 5, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1225100829725773825)

Packed for launch: Check our photogallery of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) being integrated into the Atlas V rocket fairing during launch preparations at Kennedy Space Center in Florida:
http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Search?SearchText=solar%2Borbiter&result_type=images ... (https://t.co/hwfTWY5z49)
#weareallsolarorbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/weareallsolarorbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQButEhXsAAREKu.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.02.2020 06:25:22
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3:44 AM - Feb 6, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1225218657829228544)

Another good day of progress for #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)  . Doors installed. FTS and other tests successfully completed. Let's light this candle
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.02.2020 20:23:40
Прогноз погоды L-3 на 9 февраля 2020 г.

Atlas V AV-087 Solar Orbiter L-3 6 Feb (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/Weather/AV-087%20Solar%20Orbiter%20L-3%20Forecast.pdf?ver=2020-02-06-095909-280)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114174)
Пусковой день    (09.02) - = 80 % GO
Резервный день (10.02) - = 70 % GO
Резервный день (11.02) -     80 % GO
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.02.2020 22:37:37
ЦитатаFeb 06 18:17
Weather still 80% GO

The launch weather forecast continues to project an 80 percent chance of favorable conditions for Sunday night's liftoff.

"For MLP roll day on Saturday, high pressure remains bringing a pleasant day with dry weather, light winds and near average temperatures.

"For Sunday evening, high pressure moves off the southeast coast turning the winds onshore from the east. This will bring a few clouds but precipitation chances are near zero. Therefore, the primary concern for launch is the Cumulus Cloud Rule," the weather team reports.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 02:32:46
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/06/tune-in-friday-for-solar-orbiter-briefings/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/06/tune-in-friday-for-solar-orbiter-briefings/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/06/tune-in-friday-for-solar-orbiter-briefings/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/06/tune-in-friday-for-solar-orbiter-briefings/)
ЦитатаTune in Friday for Solar Orbiter Briefings

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Feb 6, 2020 at 3:31 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/solar_orbiter_artist_impression_20190916_1_1280-1024x724.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/01/solar_orbiter_artist_impression_20190916_1_1280.jpg)
ESA/NASA's Solar Orbiter will travel inside the orbit of Mercury and capture the first images of the Sun's north and south poles. Image Credit: ESA/ATG Medialab

Solar Orbiter, an international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA, is slated to launch aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket on Sunday, Feb. 9. Liftoff is targeted for 11:03 p.m. EST from Space Launch Complex 41 at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.

Two briefings are planned for Friday, Feb. 7, at the agency's Kennedy Space Center:

1 to 2 p.m. EST: Prelaunch news conference
Participants:
    [/li]
  • Tim Dunn, Launch Director, NASA Launch Services Program
  • Cesar Garcia, Solar Orbiter Project Manager, European Space Agency
  • Haydée M. Maldonado, NASA Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) Project Manager, Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Ian Walters, Project Manager Solar Orbiter, Airbus Defence and Space
  • Scott Messer, NASA LSP Program Manager, United Launch Alliance
  • Jessica Williams, 45th Space Wing Weather Officer
2:30 to 3:30 p.m. EST: Science briefing
Participants:
    [/li]
  • Daniel Mueller, Solar Orbiter Project Scientist, European Space Agency
  • Nicky Fox, Director, NASA Heliophysics Division
  • Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator, NASA Science Mission Directorate
  • Guenther Hasinger, Director of Science, European Space Agency
View on NASA Television or on the web at https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive (https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive).

Solar Orbiter will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:19:03
Опубликована

Airspace Closure Area (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/3_%20%28A2419%2C%20ATLAS%20V%2C%20SOLAR%20ORBITER%29%20Eastern%20Range%20Airspace%20v%233%2C%20RS%2010%20Feb%202020.pdf)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114344)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:19:36
Полигон открыт

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114345)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:22:41
Прогноз погоды L-2 на 9 февраля 2020 г.

Atlas V AV-087 Solar Obiter L-2 7 Feb (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/Weather/AV-087%20Solar%20Orbiter%20L-2%20Forecast.pdf?ver=2020-02-07-082456-900)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114346)
Пусковой день    (09.02) - = 80 % GO
Резервный день (10.02) - = 70 % GO
Резервный день (11.02) - = 80 % GO
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:28:13
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/07/launch-weather-forecast-80-favorable-televised-briefings-today/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/07/launch-weather-forecast-80-favorable-televised-briefings-today/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-launch-weather-forecast-80-favorable-televised-briefings-today/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-launch-weather-forecast-80-favorable-televised-briefings-today/)
ЦитатаLaunch Weather Forecast 80% Favorable; Televised Briefings Today

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Feb 7, 2020 at 10:54 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/solar_orbiter_facing_the_sun_0-1024x576.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/solar_orbiter_facing_the_sun_0.jpg)
Solar Orbiter will capture the very first images of the Sun's polar regions, where magnetic tension builds up and releases in a lively dance. Launching in 2020, Solar Orbiter's study of the Sun will shed light on its magnetic structure and the many forces that shape solar activity.
Credits: Spacecraft: ESA/ATG medialab; Sun: NASA/SDO/P. Testa (CfA)


Weather forecasters with the U.S. Air Force's 45th Weather Squadron are predicting an 80 percent chance of favorable conditions for the launch of a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket carrying the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Liftoff is slated for Sunday, Feb. 9, at 11:03 p.m. EST from Space Launch Complex 41 at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The primary weather concerns at launch time are potential violation of the cumulus cloud rule and ground winds.

Launch and mission managers from the European Space Agency (ESA), NASA and ULA are meeting at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for the launch readiness review. This is a standard prelaunch review in which all parties review outstanding items and ensure the rocket, spacecraft and teams are "go" for launch.

Two televised briefings are planned for today:

1 to 2 p.m. EST: Prelaunch news conference
Participants:
    [/li]
  • Tim Dunn, Launch Director, NASA Launch Services Program
  • Cesar Garcia, Solar Orbiter Project Manager, European Space Agency
  • Alan Zide, Solar Orbiter Program Executive, NASA Headquarters
  • Ian Walters, Project Manager Solar Orbiter, Airbus Defence and Space
  • Scott Messer, NASA LSP Program Manager, United Launch Alliance
  • Jessica Williams, 45th Space Wing Weather Officer
2:30 to 3:30 p.m. EST: Science briefing
Participants:
    [/li]
  • Daniel Mueller, Solar Orbiter Project Scientist, European Space Agency
  • Nicky Fox, Director, NASA Heliophysics Division
  • Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator, NASA Science Mission Directorate
  • Guenther Hasinger, Director of Science, European Space Agency
View on NASA Television or on the web at https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive (https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive).

An international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA, Solar Orbiter will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.

Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:33:56
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter launch preparations
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

7 февр. 2020 г.

ESA's Solar Orbiter satellite in a cleanroom at the Astrotech payload processing facility near Kennedy Space Centre, Florida. The spacecraft is seen being mounted onto the payload adaptor ring and encapsulated into a fairing, which will protect the satellite and the rocket upper stage during the turbulent ascent through Earth's atmosphere.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leSXPOZwqJU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leSXPOZwqJU)https://www.youtube.com/embed/leSXPOZwqJU (https://www.youtube.com/embed/leSXPOZwqJU) (1:04)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:35:23
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 6:29 PM - Feb 7, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1225803862205968385)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) looking good for the 9th. Mission Dress Rehearsals complete along with the system certification review and the ICD final verification. Let's go to the sun.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:38:30
ЦитатаFeb 07 19:34

Launch Readiness Review completed

The Launch Readiness Review (LRR) has been given the "go" to press ahead with Sunday's liftoff of the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying Solar Orbiter for the European Space Agency and NASA's Launch Services Program.
(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200207163408_351872.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200207163408_351872.jpeg)

Liftoff is scheduled for 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

The LRR, led by NASA Launch Manager Tim Dunn, was completed this morning in the Mission Briefing Room at Kennedy Space Center's Neil Armstrong Operations & Checkout Building.

Leadership from ULA, NASA and the U.S. Space Force assessed the readiness of the rocket, payload and mission assets, discussed the status of pre-flight processing work, heard technical overviews of the countdown and flight, and previewed the weather forecast, which remains unchanged with an 80 percent chance of good conditions.

At the conclusion of the meeting, senior leaders were polled and gave a unanimous ready status for launch, then signed the Launch Readiness Certificate.

Solar Orbiter will fly 26 million miles (42 million km) from the sun and use its 10 instruments to study our life-sustaining star. Scientists will use the data collected over the next decade to examine how the heliosphere is generated and is accelerated, probe what is driving the solar wind and investigate what causes the sun to vary in behavior over the 11-year solar cycle.

United Launch Alliance will offer live reports from the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center in our automatically-refreshing blog during the Atlas V's rollout to the launch pad on Saturday, plus provide comprehensive countdown coverage beginning Sunday afternoon at 4 p.m. EST (2100 UTC), with continuing commentary all the way to the spacecraft separation about an hour after liftoff.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 20:58:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114347)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:13:19
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114349)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:15:26
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114351)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114350)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:17:11
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114353)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114357)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114356)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114354)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114352)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114355)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:23:31
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114367)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114366)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114365)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114364)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114363)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114362)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114359)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114360)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114358)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114361)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:25:00
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114368)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:27:12
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114369)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:29:26
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114370)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:38:14
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114374)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114375)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114373)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114372)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114371)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:49:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1107310095912914944/UB-rxTI2_normal.png) (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) Chris G - NSF@ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 9:27 PM - Feb 7, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/1225848607091326976)

Launch Readiness Review cleared all elements for liftoff on 9 February at 23:03 EST (04:03 UTC on 10 February). Launch window is 2hrs long that day.  Overall Venus interplanetary launch window is open until 20 February. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:51:34
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1107310095912914944/UB-rxTI2_normal.png) (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) Chris G - NSF@ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 9:35 PM - Feb 7, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/1225850462861234178)

Initial parking orbit for this mission is 203 x 236 km.  This is the orbit Centaur will initially inject into for its ~30min coast until Centaur re-ignition for the injection to heliocentric orbit bound for Venus.#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:53:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1107310095912914944/UB-rxTI2_normal.png) (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) Chris G - NSF@ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 9:42 PM - Feb 7, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/1225852349463302144)

The doors on the heat shield will only be opened during perihelion close approaches to the sun and will be closed the rest of the time.  There is 10 days of science through those open doors each perihelion. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:54:39
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1107310095912914944/UB-rxTI2_normal.png) (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) Chris G - NSF@ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 9:48 PM - Feb 7, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/1225853918682472451)

While the launch window is 2hrs long, they CANNOT launch at all times. They have 25 5-minute instantaneous opportunities every 5 minutes.  So...

23:03 EST.  Then...
23:08 EST.  Then...
23:13 EST.... and so on to the end of the window.
#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 21:58:36
Брифинг завершен

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114378)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114377)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114376)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 22:28:46
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114379)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 22:33:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114380)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 22:34:15
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114382)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114381)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 22:43:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114386)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114385)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114384)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114383)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 23:33:00
Брифинг завершен

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114391)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114390)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114388)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114389)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114387)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114392)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.02.2020 23:42:14
Объявлена

Launch Hazard Area (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/ATLAS%20V%20SOLAR%20ORBITER%20LHA.pdf)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114393) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 00:52:01
NOTMAR

ЦитатаNAVAREA IV 123/20

WESTERN NORTH ATLANTIC.
FLORIDA.
1. HAZARDOUS OPERATIONS, ROCKET LAUNCHING
    100403Z TO 100639Z FEB,
    ALTERNATE 110359Z TO 110635Z AND
    120350Z TO 120626Z FEB IN AREAS BOUND BY:
    A. 28-36-41N 80-35-48W, 28-37-00N 80-35-00W,
        28-38-00N 80-28-00W, 28-37-00N 80-17-00W,
        28-27-00N 79-58-00W, 28-24-00N 80-00-00W,
        28-27-00N 80-15-00W, 28-32-00N 80-32-00W,
        28-32-42N 80-33-51W.
    B. 27-24-00N 78-55-00W, 28-16-00N 78-42-00W,
        27-47-00N 77-32-00W, 27-21-00N 77-57-00W.
    C. 18-55-00N 61-08-00W, 19-55-00N 60-16-00W,
        17-09-00N 55-40-00W, 16-02-00N 56-37-00W.
2. CANCEL THIS MSG 120726Z FEB 20.//

Authority: EASTERN RANGE 281700Z JAN 20;

Date: 060902Z FEB 20
Cancel: 12072600 Feb 20
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 01:34:27
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-go-for-launch-on-sunday-feb-9/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-go-for-launch-on-sunday-feb-9/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-go-for-launch-on-sunday-feb-9/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/07/solar-orbiter-go-for-launch-on-sunday-feb-9/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter "Go" for Launch on Sunday, Feb. 9

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Feb 7, 2020 at 4:00 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/KSC-20200205-PH-AWG01_0002-1024x683.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/KSC-20200205-PH-AWG01_0002.jpg)
Members of the Goddard Space Flight Center Solar Orbiter Collaboration Project Office, along with Launch Services Program's (LSP) Jim Behling (back left), launch site integration manager, pose in front of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft inside the Vertical Integration Facility at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station's Space Launch Complex 41 in Florida. Photo credit: NASA/Tony Gray

Solar Orbiter, an international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA, has been given the "go" for launch on Sunday, Feb. 9, aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. Liftoff from Space Launch Complex 41 at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station is targeted for 11:03 p.m. EST.

The mission was cleared to proceed during the launch readiness review held Friday morning at the agency's Kennedy Space Center. ESA, NASA and ULA officials evaluated the status of the spacecraft, rocket and ground-based assets needed to support launch. All parties were "go" at the review, according to NASA Launch Director Tim Dunn.

Weather conditions at launch time are expected to be favorable, with an 80% chance of meeting all the criteria for liftoff. Weather Officer Jessica Williams of the U.S. Air Force 45th Space Wing predicts a high pressure moving into the area in the wake of a cold front will keep clouds and moisture at bay for several days. An onshore flow from the east could bring in some cumulus clouds and ground winds, and those are the primary weather concerns for launch on Sunday.

The Atlas V rocket, topped by the payload fairing containing the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, is scheduled to roll from the Vertical Integration Facility to the launch pad at Space Launch Complex 41 on Saturday morning, Feb. 8. NASA EDGE will provide live coverage of the rollout from 10:15 to 10:45 a.m. Watch live on Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan/) or YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAedge).

Coverage of the countdown and liftoff will begin at 10:30 p.m. EST on Sunday, Feb. 9, on NASA TV, NASA TV online (https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive), and here on the launch blog.

Solar Orbiter will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 01:52:12
ЦитатаAtlas V Solar Orbiter Mission Profile

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l780lRAz_LLrQItL8xMZeDQ2bqJapqDNgekC4g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/UnitedLaunchAlliance) United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

7 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVFLSMgNGl0 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVFLSMgNGl0)https://www.youtube.com/embed/zVFLSMgNGl0 (https://www.youtube.com/embed/zVFLSMgNGl0) (2:38)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 04:12:53
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Science Briefing

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79jOovPVHIookKyWlMpjM0kWnA6oTREdWSTgQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAgovVideo) NASA Video (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_aP7p621ATY_yAa8jMqUVA)

7 февр. 2020 г.

Solar Orbiter Science Briefing with representatives from the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. Participants include the following: Daniel Mueller, Solar Orbiter Project Scientist, European Space Agency; Nicky Fox, Director, NASA Heliophysics Division; Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator, NASA Science Mission Directorate; Guenther Hasinger, Director of Science, European Space Agency
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ppKYmW9haLE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ppKYmW9haLE)https://www.youtube.com/embed/ppKYmW9haLE (https://www.youtube.com/embed/ppKYmW9haLE) (56:51)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 04:19:21
ЦитатаNASA | Solar Orbiter prelaunch news conference

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l78yht6rYngLk_hbAQl4JnlMh5_ilRNR90p8iQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Iv92nZE21XWt0B1ZTCd6Q) space googlevesaire (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Iv92nZE21XWt0B1ZTCd6Q)

Трансляция началась 7 часов назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZ0lr_dyNxc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZ0lr_dyNxc)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZ0lr_dyNxc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZ0lr_dyNxc) (47:09)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 14:42:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 13 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1225907762984574978)

Wondering when and where you may see the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) launch of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)? This visibility map shows your best chances to see the rocket in the Southeastern U.S.! Launch is scheduled for Sunday at 11:03 p.m. EST from Cape Canaveral. #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQNMm03XsAIGMfc.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 14:55:20
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 40 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226101754212868102)

The LRR for #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) was successfully completed. The VIF platforms have been configured for move. The move walk down is done. Weather is good. Seems like a good day to do some rolling...
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 17:52:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1226155104761413632)

Welcome to Rollout Day for ULA's #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rocket and @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) to Space Launch Complex-41. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is embarking on a scientific adventure to study the sun up-close and observe its uncharted polar regions. Liftoff is planned for tomorrow night. http://bit.ly/av_solarorbiter  (https://t.co/M26PyQCxKf)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQQtijLXUAA9Ns9.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:07:51
Прогноз погоды L-1 на 9 февраля 2020 г.

Atlas V AV-087 Solar Obiter L-1 8 Feb (https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/Weather/AV-087%20Solar%20Orbiter%20L-1%20Forecast.pdf?ver=2020-02-08-090850-177)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114432)
Пусковой день    (09.02) - = 80 % GO
Резервный день (10.02) - = 70 % GO
Резервный день (11.02) - = 80 % GO
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:11:36
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114433)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:12:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114435)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:19:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114436)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114437)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:21:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114438)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:23:41
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114439)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114440)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:25:59
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114441)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:28:26
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114442)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:31:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114443)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:38:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114446)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114445)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114444)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:38:52
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114449)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114448)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114447)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:45:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114450)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:45:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114455)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114453)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114454)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114452)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114451)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:48:28
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114456)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 18:48:58
Трансляция завершена

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114457)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 08.02.2020 17:20:37
Читаете на немецком, тогда вам сюда https://esamultimedia.esa.int/multimedia/publications/BR-345/BR345_DE.pdf (https://esamultimedia.esa.int/multimedia/publications/BR-345/BR345_DE.pdf)
Интересная инфографика есть в конце брошюры...
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 19:39:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg)ESA @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) 40 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1226173509250035712)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) has arrived at pad 41 with @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash)!  Join us for live coverage of @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) liftoff from 04:03 GMT (05:03 CET) on Monday morning via https://www.esa.int/esawebtv  (https://t.co/psUuNVH9CE)  #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQQ9a_2WkAM2Yra.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 19:42:38
ЦитатаFeb 08 18:53

On the pad!

Our Atlas V rocket has arrived at its Cape Canaveral launch pad for Sunday's liftoff to send Solar Orbiter on a trek to examine how the sun creates and controls the giant bubble of plasma that surrounds the solar system, what drives the solar wind and the triggers of space weather.

Over the next few hours today, umbilical connections will be made with launch pad systems, the environmental control system feeding conditioned air to the rocket and payload will be switched to facility supplies to allow the portable trailers used during rollout to be unplugged and moved away.

The launch countdown will begin Sunday afternoon, leading to a liftoff nearly seven hours later at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC).

Our live countdown updates will begin on this page at 4 p.m. EST.

The live video webcast of the launch begins at 10:30 p.m. EST (0330 UTC) and will be viewable on this page.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 19:43:44
ЦитатаFeb 08 19:02

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200208160230_469084.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200208160230_469084.jpeg)

The MLP has been lowered onto the launch pad piers, accomplishing the "harddown" milestone at 11:02 a.m. EST.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 19:44:39
ЦитатаFeb 08 19:34

Weather still 80% GO

The launch weather forecast remains unchanged with an 80 percent chance of favorable conditions to allow liftoff on Sunday. The outlook calls for just scattered low clouds and high cirrus, good visibility, easterly winds 18 peaking to 25 knots and a temperature near 67 degrees F.

"For launch Sunday evening, high pressure moves off the southeast coast with the ridge extending west into north Florida. A moderate pressure gradient on the south side of the ridge brings onshore winds from the east," the launch weather team reports. "Some clouds are expected but precipitation chances are near zero. Therefore, the primary concerns for launch are the Cumulus Cloud Rule and ground winds."
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 19:49:46
ЦитатаNASA EDGE Live Stream

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7_rze9LXZ_QNdEpXeNm4L5yq2yBmURLbcCtDQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAedge) NASA EDGE (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEPgFeclBHqZp80D14J5kfA)

Трансляция началась 94 минуты назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UE6DtF0OIo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UE6DtF0OIo)https://www.youtube.com/embed/2UE6DtF0OIo (https://www.youtube.com/embed/2UE6DtF0OIo) (37:48)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 20:03:55
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/08/atlas-v-rocket-solar-orbiter-spacecraft-arrive-at-launch-pad/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/08/atlas-v-rocket-solar-orbiter-spacecraft-arrive-at-launch-pad/)
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/08/atlas-v-rocket-solar-orbiter-spacecraft-arrive-at-launch-pad/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2020/02/08/atlas-v-rocket-solar-orbiter-spacecraft-arrive-at-launch-pad/)
ЦитатаAtlas V Rocket, Solar Orbiter Spacecraft Arrive at Launch Pad

Danielle Sempsrot (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/dsempsro/)
Posted Feb 8, 2020 at 11:10 am


The United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying the Solar Orbiter spacecraft has made its final move on Earth: the short journey from the Vertical Integration Facility to the launch pad at Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Liftoff is targeted for 11:03 p.m. EST on Sunday, Feb. 9. There is a two-hour launch window.

The weather forecast for launch time calls for favorable conditions. Meteorologists with the U.S. Air Force 45th Space Wing continue to predict an 80% chance of weather cooperating for launch.

Live coverage of the countdown and liftoff will begin at 10:30 p.m. EST on Sunday, Feb. 9, on NASA TV, NASA TV online (https://www.nasa.gov/nasalive), and here on the launch blog.

Solar Orbiter is an international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. The spacecraft will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 08.02.2020 18:38:05
ЦитатаЗемля рассчитывает, что француз приблизится к Солнцу (https://www.courrier-picard.fr/id67598/article/2020-02-08/la-terre-compte-sur-un-francais-pour-sapprocher-du-soleil)

Исход нового космического приключения "Solar Orbiter" в источниках турбулентности Солнца во многом зависит от него: Сильвен Лодиот, французский пилот зонда, который должен приблизиться к звезде, как никогда, с нетерпением ждет понедельника 10 февраля, чтобы испытать острые ощущения первых часов полета многолетней миссии.
В понедельник, 10 февраля, ракета, укрывающая спутник Solar Orbiter, должна взлететь с мыса Канаверал во Флориде в рамках миссии, объединяющей европейцев и американское НАСА.

Около 5 часов 44-летний Сильвен Лодиот начнет действовать в центре управления операциями Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) в Дармштадте, Германия. Его цель: "связаться со спутником, как только он будет выпущен из ракеты",-объясняет он AFP.
Через несколько мгновений из операционного зала, где установлены десятки компьютеров и большие настенные экраны, он и его команда будут командовать развертыванием двух солнечных панелей, жизненно важным шагом, чтобы позволить кораблю забрать необходимую ему энергию.
Это будет включать в себя такие инструменты, как контроль отношения в полете или звездные датчики, чтобы помочь ориентировать корабль в пространстве.


Второй день, вторник, будет в основном посвящен развертыванию восьми рук зонда, посвященных научным экспериментам, упражнению, воспроизводящему в реальности « планы полетов, выполняемые в течение нескольких месяцев», уверяет он.

Для этих дистанционных работ в космос главный пилот будет опираться на две команды по 50 человек, которые будут по очереди в течение трех дней.

Перевернуть страницу
"Все миссии уникальны", - признается этот опытный пилот космического корабля, который признается, что ему потребовалось время, чтобы перевернуть страницу предыдущей миссии Rosetta, завершенной в сентябре 2016 года и сосредоточенной на кометах и формировании Солнечной системы.


В нескольких десятках часов от верхнего старта Solar Orbiter « все системы заморожены",-говорит он. Вы просто должны » подождать«, пытаясь » отдохнуть по максимуму " до изнурительных дней, говорит этот отец семейства, чья жена и двое детей будут в воскресенье во Флориде, чтобы наблюдать за взлетом ракеты Atlas V 411 из Космического центра Кеннеди.


Подготовка к миссии Solar Orbiter потребовала последней "кампании моделирования « в течение шести месяцев, проверяя все возможные источники сбоев » будь то со спутником, где с нашими наземными системами", - говорит Лодиот.


Среди них: замена основного пилота, возгорание в диспетчерской или поломка антенны, сообщающейся с зондом.

- Мы готовы, - подытожил тот, чья наземная функция будет заключаться в том, чтобы вместе со своими командами следить за тщательно разработанными планами полетов.

42 млн. км
Путешествие для приближения к солнечной орбите должно длиться два года, а научная миссия-от 5 до 9 лет.


После прохождения орбиты Венеры, а затем орбиты Меркурия, спутник, максимальная скорость которого достигнет 245.000 км / ч, сможет приблизиться к 42 миллионам километров от Солнца, что составляет менее трети расстояния от Солнца до Земли.


Идея состоит в том, чтобы иметь возможность улавливать изображения Солнца на еще не сравнимом расстоянии и дать впервые увидеть полюса Солнца, звезды, о которой в настоящее время известно только в экваториальных областях.


Для того, чтобы спутник мог выжить в условиях высокой температуры, был предусмотрен « тепловой щит для защиты зонда и его приборов», - говорит Лодиот.

Конец Solar Orbiter еще не запрограммирован: нужно будет в свое время решить, позволить ему блуждать в космосе, или запрограммировать воздействие на Венеру, чтобы распасться, поскольку возвращение на землю невозможно.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 21:19:58
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA's Launch Services Program‏ @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 60 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/1226193408307421186)

The @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V rocket carrying @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) has made its final move on Earth: the short journey to the launch pad.

Liftoff is scheduled for tomorrow at 11:03 p.m. ET (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png) Learn more in our #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) blog: http://go.nasa.gov/2tEOvqA  (https://t.co/MBrRSK5J3P)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226193368574763008/pu/vid/1280x720/HYiUrF17vyVWAq7M.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226193368574763008/pu/vid/1280x720/HYiUrF17vyVWAq7M.mp4) (0:24)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 21:24:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/866241753464131584/taPNwHue_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/DerrolNail) DNail@DerrolNail (https://twitter.com/DerrolNail) 7:58 PM - Feb 8, 2020 (https://twitter.com/DerrolNail/status/1226188678902489089)

Time lapse of @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rocket rolling out to pad 41. The launch of the @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) & @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) collaborative #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) mission is Sunday night at 11:03pm EST from Cape Canaveral, Florida

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226188553505431552/pu/vid/1280x720/E_v1W0VBu6J4zYee.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226188553505431552/pu/vid/1280x720/E_v1W0VBu6J4zYee.mp4) (0:50)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 21:25:56
ЦитатаFeb 08 20:38

Post-rollout operations are continuing at Space Launch Complex-41. Technicians are powering up the Atlas and Centaur rocket stages for today's testing activities.


Feb 08 20:45

The environmental control system has been transfered to the launch pad facilities from the portable trailers used during rollout. That has allowed the first trailer and undercarriage to be removed from the Mobile Launch Platform.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 21:42:26
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter operations simulations

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

8 февр. 2020 г.

ESA's Solar Orbiter is getting ready for its launch on an Atlas V rocket provided by NASA and operated by United Launch Alliance fr om Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Once in space, and over the course of several years, the spacecraft will repeatedly use the gravity of Venus and Earth to raise its orbit above the poles of the Sun, providing new perspectives on our star, including the first images of the Sun's polar regions.

All these operations will be controlled from the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC), Germany, wh ere a dedicated team is currently working on simulations of the first moments in orbit, after separation from the launcher, but also all the delicate manoeuvres of the journey that will make Solar Orbiter mission possible.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UrDv_7TACw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UrDv_7TACw)https://www.youtube.com/embed/2UrDv_7TACw?feature=oembed (https://www.youtube.com/embed/2UrDv_7TACw?feature=oembed) (3:24)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 08.02.2020 22:44:36
Цитатапоц написал:
Земля рассчитывает, что француз приблизится к Солнцу
Феерический перевод.

Я, собственно, отвечал за и проводил те самые "кампании моделирования « в течение шести месяцев, проверяя все возможные источники сбоев » будь то со спутником, где с нашими наземными системами" этой мисии
Работать буду в той же смене, что и Сильван, первые 12 часов с 4 утра понедельника, поддерживая программный имитатор аппарата для его команды и для промышленности.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.02.2020 21:49:33
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1226213005899247621)

Check out our Flickr page for photos taken by ULA photographers of the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rocket with #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) during rollout to the launch pad earlier today:

https://www.flickr.com/photos/ulalaunch/albums/72157711888008176 ... (https://t.co/SBKpWm9AjS)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQRiORiW4AAGItb.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 03:27:59
ЦитатаFeb 08 22:54

The joint ULA, NASA Launch Services Program and European Space Agency team is wrapping up the planned activities for Rollout Day and the Atlas V rocket is being powered down for the night. The next event will be starting the launch countdown.

The countdown clocks will be positioned at T-minus 6 hours, 20 minutes in anticipation of initiating the countdown tomorrow.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 05:17:09
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 36 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1226318955356311552)

.@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) gives a sun-sational mission overview and the "411" on the unique #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash), aka "The Slider," that will launch #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) for @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) /@esa (https://twitter.com/esa).

(Video, Part 1)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226317757345599489/pu/vid/720x1280/XvFZKUlrQnNU5nAs.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226317757345599489/pu/vid/720x1280/XvFZKUlrQnNU5nAs.mp4) (1:50)


33 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1226319855885979648)

(Video, Part 2) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226319205567475712/pu/vid/720x1280/M31f_PED08MsOt95.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226319205567475712/pu/vid/720x1280/M31f_PED08MsOt95.mp4) (1:44)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 06:14:14
Карта закрываемых зон (см #135 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic13991/message1948937/#message1948937))

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114648) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 15:02:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226473043431772160)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) Pgo holding at 80% for cumulus clouds. Feels like a good day to go to space
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 20:22:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226291171485474817/229iq8Yq_bigger.jpg) Nathan Barker‏ @NASA_Nerd (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd/status/1226522528887296002)

The unique single stick SRB Atlas V 411 and @ESASolarObiter are standing ready on Space Launch Complex 41. It's journey to our Sun via a slingshot by Venus is set to begin tonight. 2 hour launch window is set to open at 11:03pm EST

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQV7vAMX0AALSS-.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQV7vBGW4AAw8tq.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQV7vAnWAAIdGDN.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQV7vAkWkAI3_SI.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 20:37:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226517898182696960)

A majestic sunset behind Mighty Atlas and the #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) .   #ToryTimelapse (https://twitter.com/hashtag/ToryTimelapse?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226517330638884864/pu/vid/1280x720/5aPku4BB4pX01YR7.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1226517330638884864/pu/vid/1280x720/5aPku4BB4pX01YR7.mp4) (0:10)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 09.02.2020 23:50:06
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgSCxyC6GmQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgSCxyC6GmQ)
ЦитатаМиссия к Солнцу: аппарат Solar Orbiter готов к запуску          
(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l78-nqjhnOqAPTnTXWbP0oVcKwrEp2CoSjMqlQ=s48-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo)                         (https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsru)   euronews (на русском) (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCFzJjgVicCtFxJ5B0P_ei8A)              
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgSCxyC6GmQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgSCxyC6GmQ)1:46
Опубликовано: 9 февр. 2020 г.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 09.02.2020 23:51:51
https://ru.euronews.com/2020/02/09/ru-space-solar-orbiter-set-for-launch
ЦитатаМиссия к Солнцу: аппарат Solar Orbiter готов к запуску
В понедельник с мыса Канаверал во Флориде автоматический космический аппарат Solar Orbiter на ракете-носителе Atlas V отправится к солнцу. Запуск зонда пройдёт в рамках европейской миссии в сотрудничестве с NASA. К нему готовились 20 лет.
Главная цель новой экспедиции - изучение полярных областей Солнца, а также поиски истоков солнечной плазмы и заряженных частиц, а также понятие природы солнечного ветра.
ЦитатаНам нужно узнать больше о том, как Солнце взаимодействует с нами на земле. Будь то электроника или астронавты на околоземных орбитах -- мы все еще мало знаем о том, как на самом деле работает Солнце. А с помощью приборов, которые у нас есть на Solar Orbiter, мы сможем узнать об этом гораздо больше
- Майк Хили  - руководитель научных проектов ЕКА

Solar Orbiter оснащён десятью приборами.
Один из них -- двойной телескоп стоимостью 100 миллионов евро, который будет использоваться для анализа магнитного поля на поверхности Солнца.
Сам зонд укрыт теплозащитным экраном, который должен будет выдерживать высокие температуры. Аппарат, как планируется, подлетит к звезде ближе, чем любой другой солнечный зонд до этого.
ЦитатаМы приблизимся на расстояние в 42 миллиона километров, где температура достигнет 600 градусов Цельсия. Поэтому мы должны защищать его от солнца. Установленный теплозащитный экран будет оберегать зонд в течение полных десяти лет миссии. Конечно, иногда нам придется делать снимки. Для этого имеется шесть окон или вентиляционных отверстий, которые можно открыть
- Ян Уолтерс  - руководитель проекта Solar Orbiter

Планируется, что путь к Солнцу займёт два года, а на орбите аппарат должен пробыть около семи лет. Во время полета Solar Orbiter задействует силу гравитации нескольких планет. Запуск запланирован на 7:03 минуты по московскому времени 10 февраля.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.02.2020 23:58:05
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg) ESA Science‏ @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1226583132050206722)

On 10 February, 04:03 GMT/05:03 CET, our #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) will lift off to face the #Sun (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Sun?src=hash) and study it up close (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png) #weareallsolarorbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/weareallsolarorbiters?src=hash)  Are you ready to follow the launch? What do you know about this daring mission? Let's start with some key facts

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2b07.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/27a1.png)  https://esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_what_s_new ... (https://t.co/NoUesxI2B1)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQWy2TuXsAQb7me.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:02:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1212229287463522305/x5JwPE4-_bigger.jpg) Jared-Base - Solar Orbiter #NASASocial‏ @baserunner0723 (https://twitter.com/baserunner0723) 59 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/baserunner0723/status/1226596777140330497)

We'll see how the cloud formation changes as the sun sets. Currently a fairly steady stream of small clouds moving west over the space center. Shouldn't impact the launch but will impact photos @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) #SolarOrbiter  (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EQW_O9HWsAIKl2b.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EQW_O9HWsAIKl2b.mp4)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:06:51
ЦитатаFeb 10 00:00

Welcome to the Atlas/Solar Orbiter countdown!

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200209210024_534714.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200209210024_534714.jpeg)

From the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, this is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 6 hours, 20 minutes and holding.

We are about to begin the countdown for the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket to send Solar Orbiter, a mission by the European Space Agency with strong collaboration with NASA, to the polar regions of the sun.

Activities are on schedule for liftoff from Space Launch Complex-41 at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC). The launch window extends to 1:03 a.m. EST (0603 UTC), a duration of exactly two hours.

We will be starting the countdown at 4:13 p.m.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:08:32
https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/08/atlas-5-av087-mission-status-center/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/08/atlas-5-av087-mission-status-center/)
Цитата02/09/2020 23:00 Stephen Clark

United Launch Alliance teams at Cape Canaveral are readying an Atlas 5 rocket for launch at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 GMT) Thursday with the European Space Agency's Solar Orbiter spacecraft on a more than $1.5 billion mission developed in partnership with NASA.

Built by Airbus Defense and Space, the Solar Orbiter spacecraft is embarking on a seven-year primary mission -- the possibility of an extended mission phase -- to repeatedly fly closer to the sun than Mercury, sampling the solar wind and imaging the sun's poles fro the first time.

Teams at Cape Canaveral's Complex 41 launch pad loaded RP-1 kerosene fuel into the Atlas 5's first stage last month during a countdown dress rehearsal. Crews rolled the 189-foot-tall rocket back to pad 41 Saturday in preparation for today's launch countdown.

The first stage's Russian-built RD-180 engine will consume the kerosene in combination with super-cold liquid oxygen, which the launch team will load into the rocket in the final hours of the countdown Sunday night.

The Atlas 5's Centaur upper stage will also be filled with liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen during the countdown.

Cryogenic tanking is scheduled to commence around 9 p.m. EST (0200 GMT).
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:34:24
ЦитатаFeb 10 00:13
Countdown begins

T-minus 6 hours, 20 minutes (L-6 hours, 50 minutes) and counting!

The countdown has been initiated for liftoff of the 82nd Atlas V rocket and Solar Orbiter tonight from Cape Canaveral.

There are two pre-planned, built-in holds, each lasting 15 minutes, scheduled in the count. One pause is reserved prior to fueling at T-minus 2 hours, the other occurs prior to the terminal count at T-minus 4 minutes. That will lead us to a liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC).

The Atlas V rocket, designated AV-087, will launch Solar Orbiter on a hyperbolic departure trajectory that enables the spacecraft to perform close encounters with the sun every six months for the next decade to help answer fundamental questions about the activities and behavior of our life-sustaining star.

It will take less than an hour to perform this Atlas V mission, from liftoff until deployment of the spacecraft, and the Centaur upper stage will perform two burns for Solar Orbiter to achieve escape velocity. Tonight's launch will hit a max speed of 27,000 mph.

Our rocket variant being flown this evening is the Atlas V 411 configuration that is distinguished by the four-meter-wide composite payload fairing, a single solid rocket booster that is side-mounted to the first stage and one RL10A-4-2 engine on the Centaur upper stage. It stands 189 feet tall and will weigh 850,150 pounds once fully fueled.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:35:16
ЦитатаFeb 10 00:28

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 6 hours, 5 minutes (L-6 hours, 35 minutes) and counting.

The application of power to the Atlas and Centaur stages is underway at the start of today's countdown procedures. The stages are being powered up to begin launch day testing and final preparations for fueling operations.

Over the next few hours, final preps for the liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen systems will be performed, along with a test of the rocket's guidance system and the first stage propulsion and hydraulic preps, internal battery checks and testing of the GPS metric tracking system used to follow the rocket as it flies downrange, plus a test of the S-band telemetry relay system.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:57:08
ЦитатаFeb 10 00:48

Meet the sun

Our mission tonight launches Solar Orbiter to the sun for detailed research on how our star works and influences life on Earth through space weather. Learn some facts about the sun!

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200209214811_307244.jpeg)
(From ESA press kit)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 00:57:57
ЦитатаFeb 10 00:54

Power applied

The Atlas-Centaur rocket has been powered up for its launch of Solar Orbiter.

The flight control operator in the Launch Control Center performed the power up. Soon, she will begin avionics testing while the rocket's Inertial Guidance and Control Assembly (INCA) flight computer is allowed to warm up. Later, the operator will conduct guidance system testing and steering checks of the engine nozzles prior to cryogenic fueling.

The countdown continues to track on schedule for liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC). At T-minus 5 hours 39 minutes (L-6 hours, 9 minutes) and counting, this is Atlas Launch Control.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 01:21:24
ЦитатаFeb 10 01:13

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 5 hours, 20 minutes (L-5 hours, 50 minutes) and counting. We are tracking no issues in the countdown for a liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC).

Take a look at our Flickr gallery for photography of the Atlas V rocket being readied for the Solar Orbiter launch.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:01:12
Цитата02/10/2020 01:48 Spaceflight Now

The Atlas 5 launch team has received a weather briefing from the 45th Weather Squadron at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Forecasters are now predicting a 90% chance of acceptable weather for tonight's launch. The primary concern for the Atlas 5's launch will be ground winds, which are forecast to be peaking at 26 knots during the launch window.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:04:22
ЦитатаFeb 10 01:49

Spacecraft's instruments

Solar Orbiter is equipped with a sophisticated suite of instruments to measure conditions around the spacecraft and observe the sun at a distance.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200209224906_272506.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200209224906_272506.jpeg)
(From ESA press kit)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:06:08
Ох! Не сглазил бы...

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 32 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226635122620977154)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is coming up on T-6hrs. Crew is on station. No major issues are being worked. A lovely evening to journey towards the sun.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:17:28
Цитата02/10/2020 02:15 Stephen Clark

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2452300606218831524/20200209231408_938127.png) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2452300606218831524/20200209231408_938127.png)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:18:38
ЦитатаFeb 10 02:10

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200209231006_289116.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200209231006_289116.jpeg)Photo by United Launch Alliance

The flight control operational test is getting underway. This test will validate the control functions on the Atlas first stage main engine and the Centaur upper stage's engine by confirming that valves cycle properly and that the engine steering systems perform as commanded.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 02:35:33
ЦитатаFeb 10 02:34

Antenna checks are being performed to verify functionality of the GPS Metric Tracking system. GPS MT is the system that uses the orbiting Global Positioning System navigation satellite constellation to track the rocket's flight downrange with position, velocity and timing information.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 03:04:30
ЦитатаFeb 10 02:37

First stage propulsion and hydraulic preps have been completed. The propulsion preps configured the ground liquid oxygen transfer system and ground pneumatic supply systems for filling the Atlas first stage LOX tank and pressurizing the Atlas helium bottles for launch. The hydraulic preps configured the ground hydraulic pressure unit to provide for first stage main engine pre-launch hydraulic control.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 03:53:02
ЦитатаFeb 10 03:33

The initiation of gaseous nitrogen flow to the launch vehicle has started. This changes the environmental control system (ECS) to supply nitrogen gas rather than conditioned air to the internal compartments of the Atlas V and the payload fairing in preparation for fueling and launch.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 03:53:39
ЦитатаFeb 10 03:38

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 2 hours, 55 minutes (L-3 hours, 35 minutes) and counting. Guidance system testing is complete.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 03:55:39
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 11 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226668001144930304)

T-2hrs and 50. Still looking good. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:28:14
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:17

Weather remains 90% GO

In the pre-fueling weather briefing to mission management, Launch Weather Officer Jessica Williams reports that conditions remain favorable at Cape Canaveral for a rocket countdown. Skies are mostly clear, winds are within limits and there are no weather constraints against proceeding into Atlas V fueling operations as scheduled.

The launch time forecast remains 90 percent favorable, with the areas of concern now cumulus clouds and flight through precipitation.

The outlook calls for a few low clouds, easterly winds 20 peaking to 26 knots and a temperature near 67 degrees F.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:28:47
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:19

The launch pad crew has completed its hands-on work to ready Space Launch Complex-41 for today's mission, and Launch Conductor Scott Barney has given the instruction for personnel to depart the site in advance of fueling operations.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:29:39
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:21

Safety officials have confirmed that there are no Collision Avoidance (COLA) periods during today's 120-minute launch window. COLAs are brief moments in time when the launch is not allowed to occur because the trajectory would pass too close to another object already in space. This analysis is based on a screening of known active and debris objects in orbit that could cause a conjunction with the ascending Atlas V and Solar Orbiter.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:34:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg) ULA‏ @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 20 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/1226675313381433344)

Answer: Spacecraft separation occurs high above the Indian Ocean, between Indonesia and Australia. Congrats to @thejoshtarrant (https://twitter.com/thejoshtarrant) for the correct response and thanks to everyone for playing Countdown Trivia! Go Atlas! Go Centaur! Go Solar Orbiter!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYGsQBUUAIc-vm.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:36:00
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:33

Countdown holding

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 2 hours (L-2 hours, 30 minutes) and holding. The countdown has entered the first of two planned, built-in holds that are scheduled in today's timeline. This first block of time gives the countdown some margin to resolve issues or catch up work that could be running late, and the hold provides an opportunity to ensure all is ready before fueling operations begin.

The final hold occurs at T-minus 4 minutes.

At the present time, all activities are on schedule and no problems are being addressed by the launch team.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:46:44
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:45

Go for fueling

A readiness poll of the launch team by Launch Conductor Scott Barney, with concurrence of ULA Launch Director Lou Mangieri, has approved cryogenic tanking operations to begin once the countdown resumes.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 04:49:21
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:48

Countdown resumes

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 2 hours (L-2 hours, 15 minutes) and counting. The next phase of today's launch countdown has started on schedule as we continue to target 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) for liftoff of the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying Solar Orbiter for the European Space Agency and NASA.

Preparatory steps for fueling are being kicked off, including ground chilldown of the Atlas first liquid oxygen system and chilldown of the transfer lines to the Centaur upper stage liquid oxygen system.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:02:53
ЦитатаFeb 10 04:57

Centaur LO2 loading begins

With the thermal conditioning, or chilldown, now complete, liquid oxygen has started to flow into the Centaur upper stage for today's launch. About 4,150 gallons of liquid oxygen will be loaded into Centaur.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:21:52
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:18

Atlas LO2 loading begins

Filling of the Atlas V rocket's largest tank has begun. About 48,800 gallons of super-cold oxidizer for the main engine is flowing into the liquid oxygen tank on common core booster first stage.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:29:32
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:23

The journey

Solar Orbiter leaves Earth on a hyperbolic departure trajectory to the inner solar system tonight. The spacecraft will use gravity-assist maneuvers from Ven us and Earth throughout its mission.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200210022335_079304.png) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200210022335_079304.png)
(From ESA press kit)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:30:28
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:25

The Centaur liquid oxygen tank is topping to flight level.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:34:46
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:33

Deployment sequence

This illustration explains the process to launch and deploy Solar Orbiter beginning with liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) tonight.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200210023327_863555.png) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200210023327_863555.png)
(From ESA press kit)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:44:12
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:43

Centaur LH2 loading begins

The launch team has received the "go" to begin filling the Centaur upper stage with the super-cold liquid hydrogen fuel following chilldown of the system. The Centaur holds about 12,300 gallons of the cryogenic propellant for this two-burn mission to achieve a departure orbit.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:49:26
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:49

The high-pressure helium bottles for first stage main engine pneumatics have been charged for flight.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:49:48
https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/09/atlas-5-solar-orbiter-launch-timeline/ (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/09/atlas-5-solar-orbiter-launch-timeline/)
ЦитатаAtlas 5/Solar Orbiter launch timeline
February 9, 2020 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

This is the launch timeline to be followed by the Atlas 5 rocket's ascent into orbit from Cape Canaveral with the European-built Solar Orbiter spacecraft to study the sun.

Launch is scheduled 11:03 p.m. EST Sunday (0403 GMT Monday) at the opening of a two-hour launch window.

The 189-foot-tall (57.6-meter) rocket will arc to the southeast from Florida's Space Coast on its first flight of the year. It will be the 82nd Atlas 5 launch overall since United Launch Alliance's workhorse rocket debuted in August 2002.

The timeline below ends with the conclusion of the primary mission, the deployment of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft on an interplanetary escape trajectory into heliocentric orbit to begin its mission studying the sun.

Follow live coverage of the countdown and launch in our Mission Status Center (https://spaceflightnow.com/2020/02/08/atlas-5-av087-mission-status-center/).
T+00:00.0: Liftoff

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/av_orex_l999201621949AM63.jpg)
With the RD-180 main engine running and single solid rocket booster firing, the Atlas 5 vehicle lifts off and begins a vertical rise away from Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

T+00:1:09: Max Q

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/av076_timeline1.jpg)
The Atlas 5 rocket, after breaking the sound barrier at 58 seconds, passes through the region of maximum dynamic pressure during ascent through the lower atmosphere.

T+02:19.8 Jettison SRB

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/av076_timeline2.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/EyeTVSnapshot1829-1.jpg)
Having burned out of propellant approximately 50 seconds earlier, the spent solid rocket booster is jettisoned once dynamic pressure conditions are satisfied.

T+04:03.4 Main Engine Cutoff

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/av076_timeline3.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch03.jpg)
The RD-180 main engine completes its firing after consuming its kerosene and liquid oxygen fuel supply in the Atlas first stage.

T+04:09.4 Stage Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/av076_timeline4.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch04.jpg)
The Common Core Booster first stage of the Atlas 5 rocket separates from the Centaur upper stage. Over the next few seconds, the Centaur engine liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen systems are readied for ignition.

T+04:19.4 Centaur Ignition 1

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/av076_timeline5.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch05.jpg)
The Centaur RL10C-1 engine ignites for the first of two upper stage firings. This burn will inject the Centaur stage and Solar Orbiter spacecraft into an initial parking orbit.

T+04:27.3: Nose Cone Jettison

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/launch06.jpg)
The payload fairing that protected the Solar Orbiter spacecraft during launch is separated after passage through the atmosphere.


T+12:14.1: Centaur MECO 1

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch07-1024x576.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch07.jpg)
The Centaur engine shuts down after arriving in a planned low-Earth parking orbit. The vehicle enters a 10-minute coast period before arriving at the required location in space for the second burn.

T+42:57.9 Centaur Ignition 2

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch08-1024x576.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch08.jpg)
A final push by Centaur is ignited to accelerate the Solar Orbiter spacecraft to Earth escape velocity.

T+49:50.8 Centaur Cutoff 2

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch09-1024x576.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch09.jpg)
The powered phase of flight is concluded as the Centaur reaches a velocity of some 27,000 mph relative to Earth for deployment of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft.

T+52:39.9 Spacecraft Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch10-1024x576.jpg) (https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/launch10.jpg)
The Airbus Defense and Space-built Solar Orbiter spacecraft deploys from the Centaur upper stage on a trajectory entering a heliocentric orbit around the sun.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 05:53:56
ЦитатаFeb 10 05:53

Flight control final preps are getting underway. This is the steering test pattern run on the Atlas V engine nozzles to ensure proper gimbaling during the ascent.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:09:17
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:07

The liquid hydrogen tank in the Centaur upper stage just reached the 96 percent level. Topping is beginning.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:13:49
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/09/solar-orbiter-awaiting-liftoff-on-atlas-v-rocket/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/09/solar-orbiter-awaiting-liftoff-on-atlas-v-rocket/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Awaiting Liftoff on Atlas V Rocket

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Feb 9, 2020 at 9:45 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Wide-Shot-Solar-Orbiter-Pre-Launch-1024x576.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Wide-Shot-Solar-Orbiter-Pre-Launch.jpg)
The United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, with the Solar Orbiter spacecraft sealed in the payload fairing, awaits liftoff on Sunday, Feb. 9, at Space Launch Complex 41 at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Image credit: NASA TV

A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket is poised for liftoff tonight from Space Launch Complex 41 at Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. On board is the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, an international collaborative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. Countdown clocks across the spaceport are ticking down toward scheduled liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST. There's a two-hour launch window.

Forecasters with the U.S. Air Force 45th Space Wing are predicting a 90% chance of weather favorable for launch, with the potential for ground winds the primary concern.

Join us for updates from the countdown starting at 10:30 p.m.

Solar Orbiter will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to create a one-of-a-kind picture of how the Sun can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there, which helps drive the Sun's 11-year solar cycle and its periodic outpouring of solar storms.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:15:07
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/619265735148355586/LQG93qMR_bigger.jpg) William Harwood‏ @cbs_spacenews (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews/status/1226703273228410882)

A5/Solar Orbiter: Now inside 1 hour to launch of the ESA-led Solar Orbiter atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket; liftoff from pad 41 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station is targeted for 11:03:00pm EST; there are no known technical issues and the weather appears ideal
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:17:09
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno‏ @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226705560524877825)

We are topping. The board is green. No majors issues.
А шо, minor всё-таки имеются???
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 10.02.2020 07:22:59
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
А шо, minor всё-таки имеются???
Всегда. 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:25:44
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:23

Atlas V 411

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200210032310_423100.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200210032310_423100.jpeg)

This launch uses the 411 version of the Atlas V rocket, generating the necessary power to deliver Solar Orbiter on the desired hyperbolic departure orbit to make repeated flybys of the sun.

This configuration of the Atlas V is distinguished by two stages, a four-meter-wide nose cone, a single side-mounted solid-fuel booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage.

The United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket will come off the pad on 1.2 million pounds of thrust produced by the RD-180 main engine and solid.

Today's version stands 189 feet tall and weighs 850,150 pounds.

The 411 has flown five times before, including the ASTRA 1KR, NROL-28 and -34, OSIRIS-REx and SBIRS GEO Flight 4 missions.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:26:39
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:26

The Automatic Determination and Dissemination of Just Updated Steering Terms, better known as the ADDJUST file, is being loaded into the Atlas V rocket's Inertial Navigation and Control Assembly (INCA) flight computer by the flight control operator here at the Launch Control Center. This is the planned steering parameters for the INCA to use based on today's upper level wind conditions.

A series of weather balloons has been launched throughout the countdown from the Range weather station at Cape Canaveral to collect measurements of wind speeds and directions to determine if conditions aloft violate the controllability or structural loads on the rocket during ascent. The balloon data was transmitted to ULA engineers in Denver to select a steering profile that minimizes launch vehicle responses.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:28:40
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:28

Initial telemetry coverage of this evening's flight of the Atlas V rocket will be relayed via the TEL-4 tracking station here at the Cape. The Jonathan Dickinson Missile Tracking Annex (JDMTA) in South Florida will acquire the vehicle shortly after liftoff. A handoff from the ground sites to NASA's orbiting Tracking and Data Relay Satellites in geosynchronous orbit occurs during the initial burn of the Centaur and TDRS satellites continue for the rest of the mission.

Solar Orbiter will communicate with Earth via ESA's deep space tracking network, ESTRACK. All operations are conducted by the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany. The Science Operations Centre located at ESA's European Space Astronomy Centre, ESAC, in Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain, will be responsible for science operations planning, and for archiving the mission's data for scientists to use.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:29:40
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114710)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:33:55
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114711)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:34:16
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114712)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:34:45
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114715)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114714)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114713)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:34:57
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114716)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:36:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114717)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:39:46
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114720)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114719)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114718)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:41:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114722)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114721)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:42:31
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:34

Weather is go!

Weather is observed and forecast GO for liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) today, according to the countdown's final planned briefing by weather officer Jessica Williams.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:43:12
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:38

Three video cameras aboard the Atlas V rocket will be used to record key portions of today's mission. An aft-facing camera on the first stage will provide views of the vehicle climbing away from the Earth, solid rocket motor jettison and all the way nearly to staging. Just prior to booster engine cutoff, the view will switch to the aft-facing camera on the Centaur stage to show the first stage separating and ignition of the RL10A-4-2 engine. That same view will be available for the end of the first burn and then the ignition and shutdown of the engine on the second and third burns of the day. In addition, a forward-facing camera on Centaur will capture payload fairing jettison and Solar Orbiter spacecraft separation.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:43:48
Цитата02/10/2020 06:41 Stephen Clark

The ULA launch team is loading the trajectory profile for today's flight into the Atlas 5 rocket's guidance computer. The profile takes into account day-of-launch conditions, such as upper level winds.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:44:56
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:44

Countdown holding

T-minus 4 minutes and holding. The countdown has entered the planned 15-minute built-in hold designed to give a bit of margin to deal with any problems. Also during this time, the final readiness polls of the launch team and management members will be performed.

We remain on schedule for a liftoff at 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:46:12
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:45

Today's launch availability lasts from 11:03 p.m. EST (0403 UTC) to 1:03 a.m. EST (0603 UTC). Liftoff is possible every five minutes within that two-hour period, for a total of 25 opportunities at launch tonight.

The Atlas V rocket has the ability to launch Solar Orbiter during a three-week window that is dictated by the alignment of Earth and Venus, which will play key roles throughout Solar Orbiter's mission. Over the next 10 years, the spacecraft will periodically swing by Venus eight times and Earth once to receive gravity-assists in order to shape its orbit around the sun.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:48:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114724)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114723)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114725)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:49:29
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:47

This is Atlas Launch Control at T-minus 4 minutes and holding, with 12 minutes remaining in the built-in hold.

United Launch Alliance is using the Atlas V 411 rocket, with a four-meter-diameter payload fairing and one strap-on solid rocket booster, to launch Solar Orbiter for the European Space Agency and NASA.

Leaving the pad on 1.2 million pounds of thrust from the combined power of the kerosene-fueled first stage main engine and solid, the Atlas V will perform pitch, yaw and roll maneuvers to align with a due east heading along a flight azimuth of 104 degrees.

The vehicle will hit Mach 1, the speed of sound, in 58 seconds and pass through Max Q, the region of maximum dynamic pressure, at 69 seconds.

The solid booster will burn out and separate in less than two-and-a-half minutes. Cutoff of the main engine and staging occurs four minutes after launch, allowing the cryogenic Centaur upper stage to ignite for an 8-minute initial burn to reach a preliminary parking orbit. Just after ignition, the payload fairing that protected the satellite during atmospheric ascent will be jettisoned at the edge of space.

A half-hour coast through space between upper stage burns sets up the Centaur to perform another 7-minute burn that accelerates the payload into a highly elliptical, hyperbolic Earth departure orbit at escape velocity.

Spacecraft separation is expected at T+plus 52 minutes.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:54:19
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:51

Operating in extreme environments

Solar Orbiter must operate for years in one of the most hostile regions of the solar system. At closest approach, approximately 26 million miles (42 million kilometers) from the sun, it will be at just over a quarter of the distance between the star and our planet, well inside the orbit of inner planet Mercury. This close to the sun, the spacecraft will be exposed to sunlight 13 times more intense than what we feel on Earth.[

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2427698554230703999/20200210035137_786573.jpeg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2427698554230703999/20200210035137_786573.jpeg)
(From ESA press kit)⁠
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:54:41
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114728)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114727)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114726)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:58:16
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114729)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114730)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:58:45
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:57

GO for launch!

The ULA Launch Director Lou Mangieri has given the final permission to launch.

The pronouncement was made following the readiness poll of the launch team by Launch Conductor Scott Barney that verified all systems are "go" to resume the countdown today.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 06:59:03
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:57

Solar Orbiter i configured for launch. The spacecraft has completed the transition to internal battery power.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:00:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114731)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:00:48
ЦитатаFeb 10 06:59

Countdown resumes

T-minus 4 minutes and counting. The final phase of today's countdown is underway at Cape Canaveral to launch the Atlas V rocket and Solar Orbiter for a comprehensive look at how our star works. The countdown clocks have resumed, leading us to liftoff.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:01:17
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114709)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:02:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114732)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:03:35
Зажигание!

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114733)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:03:41
Пуск!!!

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114737)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114736)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114735)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114734)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:04:42
Звуковой барьер

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114738) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:04:48
MaxQ

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114739) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:05:58
Отделение бокового ускорителя

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114744)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114745)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114743)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114746)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114742)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114741)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114740)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:07:53
Выкл ДУ 1-й ст РН

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114748)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114747)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:07:57
Отделение 1-й ст РН

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114750)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114749)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:08:00
Вкл ДУ 2-й ст РН

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114753)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114751)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114752)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:08:05
Сброс ГО

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114755)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114754)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:16:06
Выкл ДУ 2-й ст РН

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114758)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114757)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114756)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:20:34
ЦитатаAtlas V launches Solar Orbiter

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-tVDiBRGeoyK_LFgykv_UZ-3ZCkNLzDt1rIg=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/SciNewsRo) SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

9 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1ScU6NvKKM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1ScU6NvKKM)https://www.youtube.com/embed/E1ScU6NvKKM?feature=oembed (https://www.youtube.com/embed/E1ScU6NvKKM?feature=oembed) (7:00)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:39:40
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114759) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:42:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114762)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114761)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114760)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:43:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114764)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114763)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:44:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114765)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:46:11
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114766)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:46:52
2-е вкл ДУ 2-й ст РН

ЦитатаFeb 10 07:46

Main Engine Start-2

T+plus 43 minutes, 12 seconds. Ignition! The Centaur's single RL10A-4-2 engine has re-ignited to achieve an interplanetary trajectory for Solar Orbiter's journey to answer fundamental questions about the sun.

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114770)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114771)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114769)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114768)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114767)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:53:20
2-е вкл ДУ 2-й ст РН

ЦитатаFeb 10 07:53

MECO-2

T+plus 50 minutes, 8 seconds. The second main engine cutoff, or MECO-2, is confirmed to complete the powered phase of flight today. Centaur has performed its second burn that was designed to place Solar Orbiter on a trajectory to dip near the orbit of Mercury this summer and perform its first orbit-altering encounter with Venus in December.

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114774)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114773)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114772)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:56:20
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114775)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 07:56:32
Есть отделение КА Solar Orbitsr!

[QUOTE]Feb 10 07:56

SPACECRAFT SEPARATION!

T+plus 53 minutes. Solar Orbiter has been deployed into space by the Atlas V rocket's Centaur upper stage for the European Space Agency and NASA.

The spacecraft will spend the next decade make looping orbits around the sun and using 10 instruments to observe solar physics in unprecedented detail. At closest approach, Solar Orbiter will be about approximately 26 million miles (42 million km) from the sun.[/QUOTE]

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114778)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114777)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114776)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:00:31
ЦитатаFeb 10 07:59

T+plus 56 minutes. The Centaur upper stage, which is following Solar Orbiter to the inner solar system, will be safed, its tanks passivated and batteries depleted over the next hour before the spent rocket is turned off for good.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:02:00
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114779)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:07:15
Сигнал с КА получен!

ЦитатаFeb 10 08:07
NASA reports that controllers have acquired signal from the Solar Orbiter spacecraft, now flying on its on towards the sun.

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 22 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1226732868342308865)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) - we hear you!

We have acquisition of signal. Our New Norica tracking station has locked on to #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash). Transmission coming in loud and clear.

#AOS (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AOS?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2705.png)
#LoudAndClear (https://twitter.com/hashtag/LoudAndClear?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/3030.png)
#Estrack (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Estrack?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQY7CjfWoAEOOeI.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:11:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114782)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114780)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114781)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:14:25
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114783)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:15:44
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Broadcast Show Open

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-lwuqbba6AHnep13ZW_AzO-vPzzU0_xUyT6g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAKennedy) NASA's Kennedy Space Center (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

9 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=us2dgwB_hVI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=us2dgwB_hVI)https://www.youtube.com/embed/us2dgwB_hVI?feature=oembed (https://www.youtube.com/embed/us2dgwB_hVI?feature=oembed) (0:56)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:16:53
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Status Poll

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-lwuqbba6AHnep13ZW_AzO-vPzzU0_xUyT6g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAKennedy) NASA's Kennedy Space Center (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

9 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBNYMBsGcsM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBNYMBsGcsM)https://www.youtube.com/embed/GBNYMBsGcsM (https://www.youtube.com/embed/GBNYMBsGcsM) (1:37)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:18:05
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Lifts Off!

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-lwuqbba6AHnep13ZW_AzO-vPzzU0_xUyT6g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAKennedy) NASA's Kennedy Space Center (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

9 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJSGoWPZVO4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJSGoWPZVO4)https://www.youtube.com/embed/oJSGoWPZVO4 (https://www.youtube.com/embed/oJSGoWPZVO4) (1:34)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 10.02.2020 08:21:30
https://www.militarynews.ru/story.asp?rid=1&nid=526852&lang=RU
ЦитатаСпутник Solar Orbiter успешно вышел на орбиту в рамках миссии к Солнцу
       Вашингтон. 10 февраля. ИНТЕРФАКС - Американская ракета-носитель Atlas V в понедельник успешно вывела на орбиту космический аппарат Solar Orbiter для проведения первого в истории исследования полярных областей Солнца, сообщило Национальное управление США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA).
       В рамках совместного проекта Европейского космического агентства (ESA) и NASA зонд должен выйти на полярную орбиту в 42 млн км от Солнца, то есть ближе, чем находящаяся от нее планета Меркурий.
       Спутник массой 1,8 тонн, стоимость которого оценивается в $1,5 млрд., совершит несколько пролетов вблизи Венеры и один пролет рядом с Землей, чтобы выйти на эллиптическую гелиоцентрическую орбиту Меркурия для последующего изучения полярных областей Солнца.
       При этом космический аппарат будет испытывать интенсивное тепловое излучение, в связи с чем он оснащен особыми щитами из высокотемпературных солнечных панелей.
       Миссия Solar Orbiter продлиться около семи лет. Solar Orbiter начнет проведение исследований уже в мае, однако целевая операция начнется в ноябре 2021.
       Планируется, что космический аппарат проведет в непосредственной близости от Солнца несколько лет, изучая ее поверхность и полярные области.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:21:52
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter separation89 просмотров

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-tVDiBRGeoyK_LFgykv_UZ-3ZCkNLzDt1rIg=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/SciNewsRo) SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

9 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3nqpVeIxzE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3nqpVeIxzE)https://www.youtube.com/embed/o3nqpVeIxzE (https://www.youtube.com/embed/o3nqpVeIxzE) (1:35)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:25:58
Панели СБ развёрнуты!

ЦитатаFeb 10 08:26

NASA reports that Solar Orbiter's power-generating solar arrays have been deployed and the spacecraft is power positive.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:32:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114789)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114788)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:34:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1154488953917104130/qujJzZ6d_bigger.jpg) Jim Bridenstine‏ @JimBridenstine (https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine/status/1226739796900556800)

We have a healthy spacecraft! Congratulations to the @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA), @esa (https://twitter.com/esa) and @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) teams on a successful launch of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)! I'm excited about this incredible mission that will conduct trailblazing science in heliophysics and give us our first images of the Sun's poles.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQZBVbuWkAACoDX.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 08:42:22
Трансляция НАСА завершена

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114795)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114793)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114794)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114792)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:16:13
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1223015052090970120/c3RCqbir_bigger.jpg) Marek Cyzio‏ @MarekCyzio (https://twitter.com/MarekCyzio) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/MarekCyzio/status/1226719560335855616)

#atlasv (https://twitter.com/hashtag/atlasv?src=hash) #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) @ula (https://twitter.com/Ula) @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYu78TXYAADvpC.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/845243413880549378/uNA67E0X_bigger.jpg) Barry Bonzack‏ @bonzack (https://twitter.com/bonzack) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/bonzack/status/1226724569773420548)

The #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is on its way to Sol, our nearest star. Its nearest orbit will be closer to the Sun than Mercury!  Congratulations @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) @ESA (https://twitter.com/esa) teams & Congratulations @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) for another beautiful launch. #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYyYJ9XsAE7Vfh.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226015017746784256/SvqOzZWL_bigger.jpg) Jared Frankle  :f09f949c: Hatsume Fair (Morikami)‏ @realChefJared (https://twitter.com/realChefJared) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/realChefJared/status/1226723038168801286)

Shoot for the moon, even if you miss you will land among the stars, and more specifically, our star! The mighty @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V hurls the ESA #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) on its journey to study our star, the sun.

#NASASocial (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASASocial?src=hash) #nasa (https://twitter.com/hashtag/nasa?src=hash) @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) @NASASocial (https://twitter.com/NASASocial) - NASA News Center Annex (https://twitter.com/search?q=place%3A0fc3bccddd141000)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYyGXBXsAAntA-.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226729497216593920/5yJENiIz_bigger.jpg) Michael Seeley‏ @Mike_Seeley (https://twitter.com/Mike_Seeley) 2 ч назад (https://twitter.com/Mike_Seeley/status/1226724173051039745)

It was a truly beautiful scene from Cocoa Beach as the mighty #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) rocket carried the #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) aloft, seen here in a 180-sec exposure.

Truly, #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash).

And, bonus photobomb by the nearly Full Moon.

(Pic: me / @WeReportSpace (https://twitter.com/WeReportSpace))

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYzHNpXUAEsgYd.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1213547892130111489/h8yWQqef_bigger.jpg) John Kraus  :f09f9a80:‏ @johnkrausphotos (https://twitter.com/johnkrausphotos) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/johnkrausphotos/status/1226724206529916929)

Liftoff!  A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket streaks to orbit, launching the European Space Agency's Solar Orbiter from Cape Canaveral at 11:03pm this evening.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYzJGeWAAArmBN.jpg)


38 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/johnkrausphotos/status/1226741614267076609)

Another long exposure shot of the launch of Atlas V and Solar Orbiter at 11:03pm Sunday evening. (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png) #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQZC_f_XYAITGzI.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:26:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226291171485474817/229iq8Yq_bigger.jpg) Nathan Barker‏ @NASA_Nerd (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd/status/1226722092135018497)

Lift-off! @ULA_Launch Atlas V 441 sails into a Moonlit sky as @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) begins its journey through our solar system on a mission to study our Sun's heliosphere. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYxPHmU0AEfdX3.jpg)


1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd/status/1226731865287122944)

Atlas V 411 power-sliding off Space Launch Complex 41 with #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQY6ILxX0AIg8Zp.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/951459897190899714/5xHWib9W_bigger.jpg) Brady Kenniston‏ @TheFavoritist (https://twitter.com/TheFavoritist) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/TheFavoritist/status/1226720275590524929)

Launch of @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter), headed toward the sun to learn more in conjunction with Parker Solar Probe!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYvldUX0AAeGDn.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/619265735148355586/LQG93qMR_bigger.jpg) William Harwood‏ @cbs_spacenews (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews/status/1226721355695099904)

A5/Solar Orbiter: 2nd stage engine shutdown; the vehicle will now coast for about 30 minutes before a second engine firing; in the meantime, here's a view of launch from the roof of the CBS News bureau at the KSC press site

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYwiDQWsAEvIsw.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg) Spaceflight Now‏ @SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/1226724490123628548)

Here's a view from just outside our office at the Kennedy Space Center showing the Atlas 5 rocket climbing into a moonlit sky tonight with the Solar Orbiter spacecraft.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQYzKniWkAY59hN.jpg)


2 ч.назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/1226727727342006274)

United Launch Alliance's Atlas 5 rocket with Solar Orbiter streaks downrange toward the southeast from Cape Canaveral in this long exposure photograph captured by @SFNAlex (https://twitter.com/SFNAlex) at the Kennedy Space Center.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQY2K05XsAAOvKw.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:34:33
"Выстрел раздался, послышался вскрик.
137-й - улыбнулся старик" (C)

Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg) Tory Bruno @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 29 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1226747145589383169)

137

Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:42:10
https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/10/solar-orbiter-embarks-on-ambitious-mission-to-face-the-sun/ (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/2020/02/10/solar-orbiter-embarks-on-ambitious-mission-to-face-the-sun/)
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Embarks on Ambitious Mission to Face the Sun

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/author/aheiney/)
Posted Feb 10, 2020 at 1:23 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar-Orbiter-Lift-Off-1024x576.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar-Orbiter-Lift-Off.jpg)
Liftoff of the Atlas V rocket with the Solar Orbiter spacecraft from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

The Solar Orbiter (https://www.nasa.gov/solar-orbiter) spacecraft is heading toward the Sun after a late-night launch from Florida's Space Coast aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. The vehicle lifted off from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 11:03 p.m. EST on Sunday, Feb. 9.

After a nominal ascent, the spacecraft separated from the rocket's Centaur upper stage. At 12:24 a.m. Monday, mission controllers at the European Space Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany, received a signal from the spacecraft indicating that its solar panels had successfully deployed and were drawing power.

"The spacecraft is safe and pointing to the Sun," said European Space Agency's (ESA) Cesar Garcia, program manager for Solar Orbiter.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar_Orbiter_artist_impression_20190916_2_1280-300x212.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/solarorbiter/wp-content/uploads/sites/295/2020/02/Solar_Orbiter_artist_impression_20190916_2_1280.jpg)
Illustration of Solar Orbiter, which will face the Sun from within the orbit of Mercury at its closest approach. Image credit: ESA/ATG medialab

Solar Orbiter is beginning a seven-year mission to study the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft while also observing the Sun, giving scientists a better understanding of how our star can affect the space environment throughout the solar system. The spacecraft also will be the first to provide images of the Sun's poles.

Before the science phase of the mission can begin, Solar Orbiter will undergo a series of checkouts, from initial deployments and checks of the spacecraft's systems to turning on and checking its suite of 10 science instruments. According to Garcia, the testing phase should be finalized around the end of June 2020.

Solar Orbiter is a cooperative mission between the ESA and NASA (https://www.nasa.gov/solar-orbiter). ESA's Engineering & Test Center (ESTEC) in The Netherlands managed the development effort. The spacecraft has been developed by Airbus. The European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter. The Solar Orbiter mission is managed by ESA; the scientific payload elements of Solar Orbiter are being provided by ESA Member States, NASA and ESA. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, provided the Atlas V launch service.

NASA Launch Director Tim Dunn (https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/about/biographies/dunn.html) of the agency's Launch Services Program, which had responsibility for launch management, credited the combined efforts of the ULA, ESA and NASA teams to overcome challenges to make the launch successful.

"This is an international collaboration 10-plus years in the making," Dunn said. "When a team is focused on mission success, that's a language that we all speak."
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:46:14
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/solar-orbiter-launch-takes-solar-science-to-new-heights (https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/solar-orbiter-launch-takes-solar-science-to-new-heights)
ЦитатаFeb. 10, 2020
RELEASE 20-013

Solar Orbiter Launch Takes Solar Science to New Heights

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/img_0194.jpg?itok=xThGHUOa) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/img_0194.jpg)
Launch of the ESA/NASA Solar Orbiter mission to study the Sun fr om Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on Feb. 9, 2020.
Credits: Jared Frankle


Solar Orbiter, a new collaborative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA to study the Sun, launched at 11:03 p.m. EST Sunday on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

At 12:24 a.m. Monday, mission controllers at the European Space Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany, received a signal from the spacecraft indicating that its solar panels had successfully deployed.

In the first two days after launch, Solar Orbiter will deploy its instrument boom and several antennas that will communicate with Earth and gather scientific data. Solar Orbiter is on a unique trajectory that will allow its comprehensive set of instruments to provide humanity with the first-ever images of the Sun's poles. This trajectory includes 22 close approaches to the Sun, bringing the spacecraft within the orbit of Mercury to study the Sun and its influence on space.

"As humans, we have always been familiar with the importance of the Sun to life on Earth, observing it and investigating how it works in detail, but we have also long known it has the potential to disrupt everyday life should we be in the firing line of a powerful solar storm," said Günther Hasinger, ESA director of Science. "By the end of our Solar Orbiter mission, we will know more about the hidden force responsible for the Sun's changing behavior and its influence on our home planet than ever before."

Solar Orbiter will spend about three months in its commissioning phase, during which the mission team will run checks on the spacecraft's 10 scientific instruments (https://www.nasa.gov/content/solar-orbiter-instruments) to ensure they are working properly. It will take Solar Orbiter about two years to reach its primary science orbit.

Solar Orbiter combines two main modes of study. In-situ instruments will measure the environment around the spacecraft, detecting such things as electric and magnetic fields and passing particles and waves. The remote-sensing instruments will image the Sun from afar, along with its atmosphere and its outflow of material, collecting data that will help scientists understand the Sun's inner workings.

During the mission's cruise phase, which lasts until November 2021, the spacecraft's in-situ instruments will gather scientific data about the environment around the spacecraft, while the remote-sensing telescopes will focus on calibration to prepare for science operations near the Sun. The cruise phase includes three gravity assists that Solar Orbiter will use to draw its orbit closer to the Sun: two past Venus in December 2020 and August 2021, and one past Earth in November 2021.

Following its Earth gravity assist, Solar Orbiter will begin the primary phase of its mission - leading up to its first close pass by the Sun in 2022 - at about a third the distance from the Sun to Earth. Throughout its mission, Solar Orbiter will use successive Venus gravity assists to draw its orbit closer to the Sun and lift it out of the ecliptic plane.

Solar Orbiter's unique orbit will bring the spacecraft out of the plane that roughly aligns with the Sun's equator wh ere Earth and the other planets orbit. Spacecraft launched from Earth naturally stay in this plane, which means that telescopes on Earth and telescopes on satellites have limited views of the Sun's north and south poles.

A previous ESA-NASA mission, Ulysses, launched in 1990, achieved an inclined orbit giving scientists their first measurements of the space around the Sun in this critical region. Unlike Ulysses, Solar Orbiter carries cameras that will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles. This vital information will help scientists fill in the gaps in models of the Sun's magnetic field, which drives the Sun's activity.

"Solar Orbiter is going to do amazing things. Combined with the other recently launched NASA missions to study the Sun, we are gaining unprecedented new knowledge about our star," said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA's associate administrator for Science at the agency's headquarters in Washington. "Together with our European partners, we're entering a new era of heliophysics that will transform the study of the Sun and help make astronauts safer as they travel on Artemis program missions to the Moon."

ESA's European Space Research and Technology Centre in the Netherlands manages the development effort. The European Space Operations Center in Germany will operate Solar Orbiter after launch. Solar Orbiter was built by Airbus Defense and Space. The spacecraft contains 10 instruments. Nine were provided by ESA member states and ESA. NASA provided one instrument, the Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager (SoloHI), and an additional sensor, the Heavy Ion Sensor, which is part of the Solar Wind Analyzer instrument suite.

Solar Orbiter complements a fleet of NASA Heliophysics spacecraft observing the star we live with and its effects on the space we travel through.

Last Updated: Feb. 10, 2020
Editor: Sean Potter
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 09:51:02
https://www.ulalaunch.com/about/news-detail/2020/02/10/united-launch-alliance-successfully-launches-solar-orbiter-to-study-the-sun (https://www.ulalaunch.com/about/news-detail/2020/02/10/united-launch-alliance-successfully-launches-solar-orbiter-to-study-the-sun)
ЦитатаUnited Launch Alliance Successfully Launches Solar Orbiter to Study the Sun

Atlas V Solar Orbiter Launch Information Page  (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
Atlas V Solar Orbiter Photos  (https://flic.kr/s/aHsmJx4UBb)

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., (Feb. 9, 2020) - A United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket carrying Solar Orbiter, an international cooperative mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA, lifted off from Space Launch Complex-41on Feb. 9 at 11:03 p.m. EST. This marks the 82nd successful launch of an Atlas V rocket and 137th launch for ULA.

Solar Orbiter will work closely with NASA's Parker Solar Probe, launched by ULA on a Delta IV Heavy rocket in 2018. Together, both spacecraft will provide a never-before-seen global view of the sun.

"The ULA team is extremely honored to launch Solar Orbiter, enabling more discovery of our sun," said Gary Wentz, ULA vice president of Government and Commercial Programs. "Thank you to our NASA and international mission partners for the outstanding teamwork."
 
Solar Orbiter launched on an Atlas V 411 configuration vehicle including a 4-meter payload fairing (PLF) and standing 189 ft. tall. The Atlas booster for this mission was powered by the RD AMROSS RD-180 engine. Aerojet Rocketdyne provided the one AJ-60A SRB and RL10A-4-2 engine for the Centaur upper stage. NASA's Launch Services Program at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida selected ULA's proven Atlas V vehicle for this mission and is responsible for management and oversight of the Atlas V launch services.

ULA's next launch is the AEHF-6 mission for the U.S. Space Force in March 2020.

With more than a century of combined heritage, ULA is the world's most experienced and reliable launch service provider. ULA has successfully launched more than 135 missions to orbit that provide Earth observation capabilities, enable global communications, unlock the mysteries of our solar system, and support life-saving technology.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 10.02.2020 09:57:20
Вроде как пора привыкнуть.
Но Атлас с одним ускорителем до сих пор мне кажетcя диковатым.  :oops:

Какие-то геи комментировали - вопли и визги  типа "Coooooooome on, baaaaaaby. Look at thaaaaat.. Ooooooo, engine cutt-off"
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 10:01:36
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226291171485474817/229iq8Yq_bigger.jpg) Nathan Barker‏ @NASA_Nerd (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd) 15 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd/status/1226758195844145153)

Raw power of @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V 411, launching @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) on mission to study our nearest star. - Launch Complex 41 (https://twitter.com/search?q=place%3A07d9cbe21f088004)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQZSEn7W4AELqMW.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQZSEn4WkAArL_w.jpg)


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1218986235160645632/PUeIRyoa_bigger.jpg) Trevor Mahlmann‏ @TrevorMahlmann (https://twitter.com/TrevorMahlmann) 10 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/TrevorMahlmann/status/1226759985180356608)

Close up view of the single RD-180 and AJ60A solid rocket booster as they power the Atlas V and @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) spacecraft off the launchpad this evening (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQZTsdxWAAAY1Wi.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 11:05:58
Запись трансляции НАСА
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter Launch to Spot the Sun

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-ftrZQ3lNBQnSCTvbUkAPpjPumepat4S0wGg=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAtelevision) NASA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLA_DiR1FfKNvjuUpBHmylQ)

Трансляция началась 4 часа назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-X-p5C4SLVo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-X-p5C4SLVo)https://www.youtube.com/embed/-X-p5C4SLVo (https://www.youtube.com/embed/-X-p5C4SLVo) (2:05:32)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 10.02.2020 10:49:23
многозначительное замечание

https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1226737847568343040 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1226737847568343040)
ЦитатаSome of us recall missions which got to the right orbit, and then emitted only plaintive chirps as the batteries discharged and the  vehicle fell silent.. Once you do have power though, the chances that you can solve other problems is high.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 10.02.2020 13:56:47
Цитатапоц написал:
многозначительное замечание
Странное оно. Так как выведение очень точное (и по радиометрии аппарата уже видно), и сам аппарат и сейчас функционирует полностью номинально.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 10.02.2020 18:50:13
https://www.militarynews.ru/story.asp?rid=1&nid=526863&lang=RU
ЦитатаРоссийские двигатели РД-180 успешно отработали при пуске ракеты Atlas V с миссией по изучению Солнца
       Москва. 10 февраля. ИНТЕРФАКС - "Энергомаш" сообщил об успешной работе российских двигателей РД-180 при запуске ракеты-носителя Atlas V с миссией по изучению Солнца Solar Orbiter.
      "Успешный старт обеспечил жидкостный ракетный двигатель РД-180 разработки и производства НПО Энергомаш в качестве первой ступени ракеты-носителя", - сообщили в пресс-службе компании.
       По ее данным, данный пуск стал 88-м для ракет семейства Atlas, использующих РД-180.
       Ракета с зондом стартовала с космодрома на мысе Канаверал в штате Флорида в 07:03 МСК.
       В рамках совместного проекта Европейского космического агентства (ESA) и NASA зонд будет выведен на полярную орбиту в 42 млн км от Солнца, то есть ближе, чем находящийся от него Меркурий.
       Спутник будет испытывать интенсивное тепловое излучение, поэтому он оснащен особыми щитами из высокотемпературных солнечных панелей.
       Миссия Solar Orbiter продлится около семи лет. Solar Orbiter начнет проведение исследований уже в мае, однако целевая операция начнется в ноябре 2021.
      Исследователи планируют, что космический аппарат сможет провести в непосредственной близости от Солнца несколько лет, наблюдая за поверхностью ее полярных областей.
       Автоматический космический аппарат Solar Orbiter Европейского космического агентства также оснащён аппаратурой исследования солнечного ветра, магнитного поля и вспышек на Солнце.
      "НПО Энергомаш" производит двигатели РД-180, которые поставляются для использования в составе американских ракет-носителей семейства Atlas фирмы United Launch Alliance. Другой американской компании - Orbital ATK поставляются двигатели РД-181. Они применяются на ракетах Antares, при помощи которых на Международную космическую станцию отправляются грузовые корабли Cygnus.
       Действующий контракт охватывает 2020 год, как сообщал главный конструктор НПО "Энергомаш" Петр Левочкин, ведутся переговоры по новым контрактам.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 10.02.2020 19:55:47
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjwmroEBpGg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjwmroEBpGg)
ЦитатаThe Solar Orbiter spacecraft        
(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-tVDiBRGeoyK_LFgykv_UZ-3ZCkNLzDt1rIg=s48-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo)                         (https://www.youtube.com/user/SciNewsRo)   SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjwmroEBpGg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjwmroEBpGg)6:10
Опубликовано: 9 февр. 2020 г.
Solar Orbiter is an international collaborative mission between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA, designed to observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes. Solar Orbiter will provide the first-ever images of the Sun's poles and the never-before-observed magnetic environment there.
Credit: NASA/ESA
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 20:44:05
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_bigger.jpg) ESA Operations‏ @esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1226880546699169792)

Hey @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) We just ran the post-launch numbers: #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) put @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) onto its planned trajectory w/pinpoint precision (within 1m/sec speed, 0.02 degrees direction). Kudos to the entire team! @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) @nasa (https://twitter.com/NASA) PS: We expected no less ;-) #SolarSystemsToughestCustomers (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarSystemsToughestCustomers?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQbBWg0XYAE7gHm.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 21:50:13
Космический аппарат Solar Orbiter внесён в каталог НОРАД

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/114853) 
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: Not от 11.02.2020 07:54:16
ЦитатаPIN написал:
 
Цитатапоц (//forum/user/57530/) написал:
многозначительное замечание
Странное оно. Так как выведение очень точное (и по радиометрии аппарата уже видно), и сам аппарат и сейчас функционирует полностью номинально.

Оно о суевериях, дескать не празднуем до тех пор, пока борт не перешел на электропитание от СБ, что существенно снижает вероятность фатального неустранимого отказа.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 22:43:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1226291171485474817/229iq8Yq_bigger.jpg) Nathan Barker‏ @NASA_Nerd (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd) 37 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_Nerd/status/1226945039206670336)

#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) mission prints and downloads are now available (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f8.png)

Check out my collection of @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V 411 with  @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) gallery.  Photos include prelaunch pressers, rollout, Atlas V 411 on the pad and launch (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)

https://nathanbarkerphotography.smugmug.com/ULA-Atlas-V-411-Solar-Orbiter/ ... (https://t.co/LtwL4A3nXk)

#WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f31e.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQb8AZHWsAAz-Oo.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 10.02.2020 22:44:58
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell‏ @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 45 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1226943729405173771)

Solar Orbiter is now, by my estimate, about 300,000 km from Earth.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.02.2020 06:25:25
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter launch highlights
Доступ по ссылке

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l79fWrqVWklPbBXyA0AIKhY-6BdP1Y6LapK9Ww=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/ESA) European Space Agency, ESA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIBaDdAbGlFDeS33shmlD0A)

10 февр. 2020 г.

Highlights from the preparation and liftoff of ESA's Sun-exploring mission Solar Orbiter.
Solar Orbiter lofted to space aboard the US Atlas V 411 rocket from NASA's spaceport in Cape Canaveral, Florida at 04:03 GMT (05:03 CET) on 10 February 2020.

An ESA-led mission with strong NASA participation, Solar Orbiter carries a set of ten instruments for imaging the surface of the Sun and studying the environment in its vicinity. The spacecraft will travel around the Sun on an elliptical orbit that will take it as close as 42 million km away from the Sun's surface, about a quarter of the distance between the Sun and Earth. The orbit will allow Solar Orbiter to see some of the never-before-imaged regions of the Sun, including the poles, and shed new light on what gives rise to solar wind, which can affect infrastructure on Earth.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6GTIqBFmD2Q (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6GTIqBFmD2Q)https://www.youtube.com/embed/6GTIqBFmD2Q (https://www.youtube.com/embed/6GTIqBFmD2Q) (2:13)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: hlynin от 11.02.2020 12:43:14
-- ЕКА. Solar Orbiter. Лицом к Солнцу (ESA, Solar Orbiter. Facing the Sun) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/esa/2019/ESA_Solar_Orbiter_Facing_the_Sun_(BR-345)_2019.pdf) (BR-345) октябрь 2019 г. в pdf - 3,33 Мб
«Помимо обеспечения теплом и светом, необходимого для сохранения жизни на нашей планете, Солнце взаимодействует с нами электрическими и магнитными способами. Хотя эти эффекты незаметны для большинства живых существ, они важны для нас сейчас, поскольку они могут влиять на работу наших технологий. Детальное понимание того, как работает Солнце, является ключом к пониманию того, как оно генерирует свою животворящую энергию, а также как защитить наши технологии и образ жизни. (...) Луна-1 провела первые прямые измерения солнечного ветра [в 1959 году] и обнаружила, что он состоит из плазмы, электропроводящего газа, представляющего четвертое состояние вещества после твердого, жидкого и газообразного. (...) Солнечный ветер создает пузырь вокруг всей Солнечной системы. Структура. Известная как гелиосфера и ограниченная «гелиопаузой», она надувается плазмой, исходящей от Солнца, и является сферой «космической погоды». (...) Космическая погода обусловлена деятельностью на Солнце, такой как солнечные вспышки и корональные выбросы. (...) Пытаясь расшифровать механизм ускорения солнечного ветра, Solar Orbiter вносит свой вклад в фундаментальную науку, которая может однажды привести к службе прогнозирования космической погоды, которая позволит нам лучше защитить наши основные технологии на Земле. (...) Солнечный орбитальный аппарат позволит нам исследовать контроль Солнца над гелиосферой - и местом Земли внутри нее - как никогда раньше. "- В следующих главах приводится более подробная информация о научных предпосылках миссии, космического аппарата, особенно о теплозащитном экране для защиты от суровой окружающей среды вблизи Солнца, его приборов, запуска и маневров, способствующих гравитации. - «Номинальная научная миссия Solar Orbiter рассчитана на четыре года. В течение этого времени наклон орбиты устанавливается в 17°. Это позволит космическому аппарату впервые осмотреть области, расположенные ближе к полюсам Солнца (полярные регионы Солнца не видны с Земли). Во время предлагаемой расширенной фазы миссии Solar Orbiter еще больше поднимет свой наклон - до 33°, уделяя полярным регионам еще более прямой обзор". - В последних главах рассматриваются вопросы наземной поддержки и сотрудничества с насовским Parker Solar Probe. Два космических аппарата будут собирать дополнительные наборы данных, которые позволят извлечь больше информации из этих двух миссий, чем любая из них сможет отдельно».
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 11.02.2020 15:59:59
 LEOP  продолжается, но фото из ESOC уже здесь https://www.flickr.com/photos/esa_events/49515951582/in/dateposted/ (https://www.flickr.com/photos/esa_events/49515951582/in/dateposted/)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.02.2020 19:15:49
ЦитатаAtlas V Solar Orbiter Launch Highlights

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l780lRAz_LLrQItL8xMZeDQ2bqJapqDNgekC4g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/UnitedLaunchAlliance) United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

11 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Em7YbFk0tFU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Em7YbFk0tFU)https://www.youtube.com/embed/Em7YbFk0tFU (https://www.youtube.com/embed/Em7YbFk0tFU) (2:10)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: поц от 11.02.2020 17:42:42
https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1227269925791838213 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1227269925791838213)
Цитата#SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hashtag_click) was later tilted to angle the first 'Radio and Plasma Waves' (RPW) antenna more towards the sun
(https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/2600.svg)
and warm it up......and the first RPW antenna was then successfully deployed! RPW will will measure magnetic and electric fields at high time resolution using a number of sensors/antennas.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.02.2020 20:46:32
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg) Jonathan McDowell‏ @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 7 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1227285921072078848)

ESA's Solar Orbiter is now about 760,000 km from Earth.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.02.2020 23:46:09
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1152428487069831168/R6-uTGsh_bigger.jpg) Cosmic Perspective  :f09f9a80:‏ @considercosmos (https://twitter.com/considercosmos) 7 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/considercosmos/status/1227229904506359813)

How can you make a rocket launch even more inspiring? Talk to someone like @Dr_ThomasZ (https://twitter.com/Dr_ThomasZ) who has a personal stake in the #solarorbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/solarorbiter?src=hash) mission (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f50a.png).

(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4fd.png) Sneak peek of our telescope liftoff footage with @Erdayastronaut (https://twitter.com/Erdayastronaut) and @OPT_Telescopes (https://twitter.com/OPT_Telescopes)

Check out that #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) nebula! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f440.png)

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1227228622072827904/pu/vid/1280x720/CHokxH3Pz0NifmpE.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1227228622072827904/pu/vid/1280x720/CHokxH3Pz0NifmpE.mp4) (2:06)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.02.2020 18:32:46
ЦитатаAtlas V Solar Orbiter Rocket Cam

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l780lRAz_LLrQItL8xMZeDQ2bqJapqDNgekC4g=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo) (https://www.youtube.com/user/UnitedLaunchAlliance) United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

12 февр. 2020 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGCq5qYFHfE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGCq5qYFHfE)https://www.youtube.com/embed/iGCq5qYFHfE (https://www.youtube.com/embed/iGCq5qYFHfE) (8:22)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.02.2020 20:37:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/planet4589) Jonathan McDowell✔@planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 7:36 PM - Feb 12, 2020 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1227632458033745921)

Updated data thanks to observations by Jost Jahn and others, and analysis by Bill Gray:
Solar Orbiter in 220 x -39831 km x 32.9 deg hyperbola heading to 0.515 x 0.989 AU x 1.8 deg solar orbit; Centaur in -68 x -38456 km x 33.8 deg hyperbola to  0.508 x 0.989 AU x 2.0 deg solar
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.02.2020 18:07:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) ESA's Solar Orbiter@ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)  4:00 PM - Feb 13, 2020 (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1227940536293691392)

We can confirm that the instrument boom of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) was successfully deployed, we are waiting for our scientists to process first measurements. Stay tuned!


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882544568805273600/AUXk6tLR_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) ESA Operations✔@esaoperations (https://twitter.com/esaoperations) 3:55 PM - Feb 13, 2020 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1227939347258839040)

The second and third 'Radio and Plasma Waves' (RPW) antennas were then deployed in the early hours of this morning, completing the set of three that will help measure magnetic (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f9f2.png) and electric (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/26a1.png) fields at high time resolution. #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/2600.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQqEUvkWsAEe6SH?format=jpg&name=small)


3:55 PM - Feb 13, 2020 (https://twitter.com/esaoperations/status/1227939349926481921)

The final of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash)'s deployments was also carried out this morning. The high-gain antenna (HGA) is a much larger, more powerful communication antenna than the two SolO initially uses to communicate with ground teams after launch. (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4e1.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 13.02.2020 19:21:15
LEOP и работа в 2 12-часовых смены завершены. С завтрашнего утра начинается ввод в эксплуатацию.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.02.2020 22:44:07
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_normal.jpg) (https://twitter.com/torybruno) Tory Bruno✔@torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 8:08 PM - Feb 13, 2020 (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1228002983180369921)

Here's the Bullseye (orbital insertion accuracy) for #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash).  Not too bad...  Enjoy.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EQq-MbBWoAE7JI6.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 14.02.2020 00:41:56
Восполняем пробел

https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter (https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-solar-orbiter)
ЦитатаFeb 10 08:56

The traditional quick-look post-flight data review of today's mission has occurred at the Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center following tonight's successful launch.
...
The exact liftoff time was 11:03:00.155 p.m. EST at the opening moment of today's two-hour launch window, with winds of 18 knots from the east and a temperature of 67 degrees F.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 15.02.2020 05:02:37
И про то, как мы сами отправили аппарат в ЗР. Собственно, поэтому LEOP  был на сутки дольше плана 
http://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Operations/Solar_Orbiter_braves_challenging_early_days (http://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Operations/Solar_Orbiter_braves_challenging_early_days)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.02.2020 23:40:55
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1083423136220094464/cBhwlaWJ_bigger.jpg) RAL Space‏ @RAL_Space_STFC (https://twitter.com/RAL_Space_STFC) 20 февр. (https://twitter.com/RAL_Space_STFC/status/1230456023422578688)

Now that ESA's #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) is ten days into its journey to the Sun, we're excited to get the first signals back from our SPICE instrument. Here's our Chief Scientist, Prof Richard Harrison explaining what SPICE is and what we'll learn from the science it sends back from the Sun

https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1230455384038662144/pu/vid/1280x720/gYrMx6-BZY0ivQVa.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1230455384038662144/pu/vid/1280x720/gYrMx6-BZY0ivQVa.mp4) (1:26)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.02.2020 23:42:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1083423136220094464/cBhwlaWJ_bigger.jpg) RAL Space‏ @RAL_Space_STFC (https://twitter.com/RAL_Space_STFC) 24 февр. (https://twitter.com/RAL_Space_STFC/status/1232038643235160064)

It's on! (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f389.png)The commissioning team from RAL Space have just switched on the SPICE instrument on #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash). The first signals from SPICE have been received, and everything looks normal so far (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f31e.png) #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ERkUdLGXUAE4cW3.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.02.2020 18:50:33
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter‏ @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1232668144025702400)

Fantastic news! #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) 's Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) has been turned on! Just in case you didn't know, this instrument is key to helping us advance our understanding of the Sun's magnetic field. #weareallsolarorbiters  (https://twitter.com/hashtag/weareallsolarorbiters?src=hash)
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1088073993415020550/VjKEcXrq_bigger.jpg) Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research‏ @MPSGoettingen (https://twitter.com/MPSGoettingen) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/MPSGoettingen/status/1232658389869658113)

@ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter)'s PHI instrument has been switched on and has successfully received and processed its first sofware upload. Everything is looking good! #WeAreAllSolarOrbiters (https://twitter.com/hashtag/WeAreAllSolarOrbiters?src=hash) #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hash) #SolarOrbiterPHI (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiterPHI?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ERtIOBmWoAAf9qb.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.03.2020 15:45:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg) ESA Science‏ @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 7 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1242430001628274692)

In response to the coronavirus pandemic, ESA has further reduced on-site personnel at our mission control centre. The new measures require placing 4 space science missions - @ESA_Cluster (https://twitter.com/ESA_Cluster), @ESA_TGO (https://twitter.com/ESA_TGO), #MarsExpress (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsExpress?src=hash) & @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) - in safe mode.

Details: http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/ESA_scales_down_science_mission_operations_amid_pandemic ...  (https://t.co/SI6ITkEbTE)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.03.2020 19:53:08
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8066597 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8066597)
Цитата24 МАР, 18:39
Коронавирусная инфекция заставила ЕКА "заморозить" долговременные научные миссии
Среди них работающие на орбите Марса Trace Gas Orbiter и Mars Express, а также направляющийся к Солнцу Solar Orbiter

ПАРИЖ, 24 марта. /ТАСС/. Европейское космическое агентство (ESA) приостановило обслуживание четырех миссий по исследованию Солнечной системы. Причиной стала забота организации о здоровье сотрудников организации в связи с пандемией коронавирусной пневмонии. Среди "замороженных" миссий есть и орбитальный зонд TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) миссии ExoMars, половину приборов которого создали и обслуживают российские ученые. Об этом ESA пишет на своем сайте (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/ESA_scales_down_science_mission_operations_amid_pandemic).

Причиной таких мер, согласно пресс-службе агентства, стало то, что у одного из сотрудников Европейского центра управления космическими полетами в Дармштадте (Германия) диагностировали коронавирусную инфекцию, а также меры по предотвращению распространения этого заболевания по Европе.

"Это было трудное, но правильное решение. Наша величайшая обязанность - безопасность сотрудников, и, насколько я знаю, все научное сообщество понимает, почему это необходимо", - прокомментировал решение научный руководитель ESA Гюнтер Хазингер.

В связи с этим агентство решило приостановить работу 4 из 21 научной миссии. Все "замороженные" проекты - это долговременные исследования Солнечной системы. Проект Cluster исследует магнитосферу Земли и то, как на нее влияет солнечный ветер, орбитальные станции TGO и Mars Express собирают наблюдения о Красной планете, а зонд Solar Orbiter, запущенный лишь в феврале этого года, предназначен для исследования Солнца.

"Выключение их научных приборов и перевод в безопасную "спящую" конфигурацию на определенный период не повлияет на эффективность их работы в значительной мере", - подытожил исполнительный директор агентства Рольф Дэнсинг.

При этом сотрудники центра, которые работают из дома, сконцентрируют усилия на других миссиях, которые исследуют, в основном, нашу планету. В ближайшие дни ESA планирует еще раз рассмотреть ситуацию и решить, нужно ли приостанавливать другие программы или, наоборот, возобновить работу некоторых из тех, что сейчас "заморожены".
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 24.03.2020 21:00:37
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
Причиной таких мер, согласно пресс-службе агентства, стало то, что у одного из сотрудников Европейского центра управления космическими полетами в Дармштадте (Германия) диагностировали коронавирусную инфекцию, а также меры по предотвращению распространения этого заболевания по Европе.
Решение было принято раньше.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.04.2020 17:06:28
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/882532901534957568/Yd43FI57_bigger.jpg) ESA Science‏ @esascience (https://twitter.com/esascience) 3 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/esascience/status/1245664777373917184)

After a brief shutdown of science instruments and a 'safe standby' period, our @ESA_Cluster (https://twitter.com/ESA_Cluster), @ESA_TGO (https://twitter.com/ESA_TGO), #MarsExpress (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsExpress?src=hash) and @ESASolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter) missions are getting back to what they do best: gathering science data from around the Solar System #staysafe (https://twitter.com/hashtag/staysafe?src=hash)  Details: http://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Operations/Space_missions_return_to_science ... (https://t.co/PO9rINwylp)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUl9VbzWkAI2oQW.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUl9X6dWsAAt6Rr.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUl9ZdeXgAIqC48.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EUl9a1CWkAI554w.jpg)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 05.04.2020 13:46:44
Цитатаtnt22 написал:
 https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8066597
ПАРИЖ, 24 марта. /ТАСС/. Европейское космическое агентство (ESA) приостановило обслуживание четырех миссий по исследованию Солнечной системы.
http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/53931/
ЦитатаЧетыре межпланетные миссии ESA возобновили работу
 Руководство ESA разрешило вывести из спящего режима межпланетные миссии Solar Orbiter, Mars Express, Trace Gas Orbiter и Cluster. Научная аппаратура станций будет вновь активирована и они вернутся к привычному режиму работы, пишет "Око планеты" со ссылкой на пресс-службу Европейского космического агентства.
Простой перечисленных миссий продолжался полторы недели. ESA пришлось пойти на такие меры после того, как у одного из сотрудников Центра управления полетами в Дармаштадте был диагностирован коронавирус. Чтобы избежать распространения инфекции, было принято решение до минимума сократить численность персонала внутри ЦУП. Из-за возникшей нехватки персонала, инженерам пришлось перевести несколько межпланетных миссий в спящий режим.
К счастью, больше ни один из сотрудников ЦУП не заразился коронавирусом. Это позволило ESA смягчить карантин и разрешить персоналу вернуться на работу. Как следствие, это позволило возобновить работу всех поставленных на паузу миссии.
А.Ж.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.04.2020 11:35:03
https://tass.ru/kosmos/8349831 (https://tass.ru/kosmos/8349831)
Цитата28 АПР, 07:31
Зонд Solar Orbiter сблизится с Землей в ноябре 2021 года

МОСКВА, 28 апреля. /ТАСС/. Зонд Solar Orbiter, который был запущен в феврале 2020 года, под воздействием Земли в ноябре 2021 года совершит гравитационный маневр (изменение орбиты), после чего выйдет на рабочую орбиту вокруг Солнца. Об этом сообщили ТАСС в корпорации Airbus, которая построила аппарат.

Сейчас аппарат находится на околосолнечной орбите. В конце декабря 2020 года и начале августа 2021 года, уточнили в Airbus, зонд дважды попадет под влияние гравитационного поля Венеры. В результате орбита станет более вытянутой.

"С помощью гравитационного маневра вокруг Земли 26 ноября 2021 года космический аппарат выйдет на свою [180-дневную высокоэллиптическую] орбиту", - сказали в корпорации. На заданной орбите Solar Orbiter будет двигаться вокруг Солнца, то сближаясь, то отдаляясь от него.

"Начиная с сентября 2022 года и до конца миссии, аппарат совершит еще пять гравитационных маневров вокруг второй планеты (Венеры - прим. ТАСС)", - отметили в Airbus. Это позволят увеличить наклон орбиты относительно плоскости экватора Солнца. Таким образом, зонд сможет заглянуть в полярные области звезды.

Solar Orbiter - совместный проект НАСА и Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) стоимостью примерно $1,5 млрд. Миссия зонда рассчитана на семь лет, в течение которых аппарату весом около двух тонн предстоит вести наблюдение за солнечной активностью и полярными областями звезды. Он был запущен 10 февраля 2020 года с мыса Канаверал на ракете-носителе Atlas V.

Всего зонд оснащен десятью различными приборами, шесть из которых будут постоянно направлены на Солнце, а четыре других необходимы для изучения состояния среды вокруг самого аппарата. Кроме того, на зонде установлен специальный теплозащитный щит, который позволит аппарату приближаться к Солнцу на расстояние до 42 млн км. В эти моменты внешняя поверхность защитного элемента будет нагреваться более чем до 500 градусов Цельсия, при этом температура приборов, скрытых за ним, не превысит 50 градусов Цельсия.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2020 02:33:34
http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Earth_flyby_opens_new_science_opportunities_for_BepiColombo (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Earth_flyby_opens_new_science_opportunities_for_BepiColombo)
ЦитатаEarth flyby opens new science opportunities for BepiColombo
30/04/2020

Science instruments aboard the European-Japanese Mercury explorer BepiColombo are in excellent condition to gather high-quality data during the spacecraft's long cruise to the innermost planet of the Solar System despite not having been designed for this purpose, teams collaborating on the mission learned during the spacecraft's April flyby of Earth.
The orbit-tightening manoeuvre (http://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Operations/Why_is_BepiColombo_back), which saw BepiColombo come as close as 12 689 km to our planet's surface at 04:25 UTC on 10 April 2020, provided an opportunity to test six of the eleven instruments aboard ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Planetary_Orbiter) (MPO). Seven sensors of three instruments on the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter MIO (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Magnetospheric_Orbiter) of the Japanese Aerospace Agency (JAXA) were also on, as well as the three 'selfie' cameras (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/Views_of_Earth_from_BepiColombo_s_flyby) mounted on the Mercury Transfer Module (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Mercury_Transfer_Module) (MTM), which carries the two scientific orbiters to their destination.

"It was great to see that all of the instruments that we operated were functioning extremely well and provided good results," says ESA's BepiColombo project scientist Johannes Benkhoff. "We haven't had such a good opportunity to test them all in space before. It was fantastic to see that not only there weren't any problems, but that the data were of good quality despite the instruments being designed specifically for Mercury."

Better than expected

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/the_moon_observed_by_bepicolombo_s_mertis_instrument_during_earth_flyby/21989367-4-eng-GB/The_Moon_observed_by_BepiColombo_s_MERTIS_instrument_during_Earth_flyby_pillars.gif)
The first ever measurements of the Moon's surface in the thermal infrared spectrum taken by the Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) aboard the European/Japanese BepiColombo mission.

For example, the Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo/mertis) (MERTIS), a novel instrument for studying the surface composition of celestial objects, managed to take measurements of the Moon during the Earth flyby. The surface of the Moon is, however, much colder, than the surface of Mercury, which made the observations especially challenging.

"We were looking at something that at its hottest may have about 100°C, while we made MERTIS to study Mercury, which can have over 400°C," says Jörn Helbert, of the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), a co-principal investigator of MERTIS. "Also, we will be looking at Mercury from the distance of less than 1000 km, while the Moon was 700 000 km away during the flyby."

On top of that, MERTIS looked at the Moon through its secondary port and not the main port, which is currently covered by the MTM. Still, the instrument captured a unique set of data.

"No one has observer the Moon in this spectral range before from space," says Jörn. "It's the first data set of its kind and it's at least as good as we hoped for."

Next stop: Venus

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2018/03/bepicolombo_at_venus/17404482-1-eng-GB/BepiColombo_at_Venus_pillars.jpg)
BepiColombo at Venus

The results are encouraging for the upcoming two flybys of Venus, a planet that has not been visited by a European spacecraft since the end of the Venus Express (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Venus_Express) mission in 2014, and is currently orbited only by a Japanese mission called Akatsuki.

"Now that we know what this innovative instrument is capable of, we can focus on getting as much out of it as possible during the two flybys of Venus," says Johannes. "The same goes for the other instruments. It enables us to maximise the scientific potential of the entire mission in ways we didn't necessarily foresee when we were designing it."

BepiColombo will pass by Venus for the first time on 15 October at the distance of about 10 630 km. The spacecraft's second flyby of the planet, in August 2021, will take it as close as about 550 km from Venus' surface, closer than the orbit of Akatsuki.

"There are instruments, including MERTIS and the PHEBUS ultraviolet spectroscope, that can take measurements at Venus that we couldn't do with any previous mission," says Jörn. "We will be able to get a lot of data about the dense atmosphere of Venus that will be in a way similar to those we could get from the Soviet Venera 15 and 16 missions in the 1980s. That will provide a unique comparison."

The 'sound' of the magnetic field

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/04/059/orig-2004_059_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/04/059/orig-2004_059_AR_EN.mp4)
The 'sound' of Earth's magnetic field recorded by BepiColombo
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/04/The_sound_of_Earth_s_magnetic_field_by_BepiColombo)

It is not only Venus that promises unforeseen scientific opportunities to the BepiColombo team. Just like MERTIS, the MPO Magnetic Field Investigation instrument (MPO-MAG) (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/bepicolombo/mpo/mag) was designed specifically for Mercury. MPO-MAG's speciality is measuring weak magnetic fields, such as that of the smallest rocky planet of the Solar System (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/BepiColombo/Top_Five_Mercury_mysteries_that_BepiColombo_will_solve). The instrument was, however, still able to obtain useful data during the Earth flyby, which helped to calibrate it for future measurements.

"If you put our magnetometer on the surface of Earth, you couldn't measure anything because the magnetic field is too strong," says Daniel Heyner of the Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany, Principal Investigator for MPO-MAG. "It turned out that the closest approach during the flyby was far enough from Earth that we still could make good measurements."

The MAG-MPO data revealed that the solar wind - a constant flow of electrically charged particles streaming from the Sun into interplanetary space - was very quiet on the day of the flyby. It also showed the moment when BepiColombo encountered the so-called bow shock, a sharp boundary that forms at the outer edge of the Earth's magnetic environment as it interacts with the solar wind. The data then reflected how the probe flew through the magnetosheath, a turbulent region still considerably affected by the interplanetary plasma, and crossed the magnetopause, the boundary after which the magnetic field of Earth dominates.

The team also got valuable insights into the interference from other instruments and especially from the MTM. Once at Mercury, the MPO will separate from the MTM, but being able to filter out the propulsion module's noise during the seven-year cruise opens new opportunities for previously unplanned scientific investigations.
Working in tandem with Solar Orbiter

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/01/019/2001_019_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/01/019/2001_019_AR_EN.mp4)
What is Solar Orbiter
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/01/What_is_Solar_Orbiter)

"This is a very interesting time for investigations of the solar wind," says Daniel. "We now have several recently launched spacecraft travelling in the direction of the Sun that have some similar instruments. There is ESA's Solar Orbiter and NASA's Parker Solar Probe. They are in the heliosphere at different distances from the Sun and that enables us, for example, to track coronal mass ejections and study how their speed and intensity changes as they propagate from the Sun."

The MAG-MPO  team now plans, despite the original focus on Mercury, to keep measuring the solar wind for most of the seven-year journey.

Johannes expects that working in tandem especially with ESA's own Solar Orbiter (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter) will enable large synergies and a new approach to the study of the environment around the Sun.

"With the BepiColombo Earth flyby we were able to prove that our instruments perform well even during the cruise phase," he says. "Now we know that we can do some real and innovative science that takes advantage of the network of spacecraft that we currently have in the inner Solar System."
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.05.2020 15:59:21
Цитата: undefined(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter @ESASolarOrbiter 2 ч (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1266321970716717058)

The commissioning of #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hashtag_click) has been proceeding over the past three months to ensure the spacecraft and instruments will be fully functional for the 1st close pass of the #Sun (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Sun?src=hashtag_click), to take place on 15 June, around 77 million km from our parent star.
https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EZLhHYzWkAUClED.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EZLhHYzWkAUClED.mp4) (0:09)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.05.2020 16:12:49
https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_to_pass_through_the_tails_of_Comet_ATLAS (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_to_pass_through_the_tails_of_Comet_ATLAS)

Цитата: undefinedSolar Orbiter to pass through the tails of Comet ATLAS
29/05/2020

ESA's Solar Orbiter will cross through the tails of Comet ATLAS during the next few days. Although the recently launched spacecraft was not due to be taking science data at this time, mission experts have worked to ensure that the four most relevant instruments will be switched on during the unique encounter.

Solar Orbiter was launched (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Liftoff_for_Solar_Orbiter_ESA_s_mission_to_face_the_Sun_up_close) on 10 February 2020. Since then, and with the exception of a brief shutdown (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/ESA_scales_down_science_mission_operations_amid_pandemic)due to the coronavirus pandemic, scientists and engineers have been conducting a series of tests and set-up routines known as commissioning.

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2019/10/solar_orbiter/20813939-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_article.jpg)
Solar Orbiter facing the Sun (artist's impression) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/10/Solar_Orbiter)

The completion date for this phase was set at 15 June, so that the spacecraft could be fully functional for its first close pass of the Sun, or perihelion, in mid-June. However, the discovery of the chance encounter with the comet made things more urgent.

Serendipitously flying through a comet's tail is a rare event for a space mission, something scientists know to have happened only six times before for missions that were not specifically chasing comets. All such encounters have been discovered in the spacecraft data after the event. Solar Orbiter's upcoming crossing is the first to be predicted in advance.

It was noticed by Geraint Jones of the UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UK, who has a 20-year history of investigating such encounters. He discovered the first accidental tail crossing in 2000, while investigating a strange disturbance in data recorded by the ESA/NASA Ulysses Sun-studying spacecraft in 1996. This study revealed that the spacecraft had passed through the tail of Comet Hyakutake (https://sci.esa.int/web/ulysses/-/14220-pr-24-2000-ulysses-feels-the-brush-of-a-comet-s-tail), also known as 'The Great Comet of 1996'. Soon after the announcement, Ulysses crossed the tail of another comet (https://sci.esa.int/web/ulysses/-/34612-ulysses-catches-another-comet-by-the-tail), and then a third one (https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/solarsystem/ulysses-20071019.html) in 2007.

Earlier this month, realising that Solar Orbiter was going to be 44 million kilometres downstream of Comet C/2019 Y4 (ATLAS) in just a matter of weeks, Geraint immediately alerted the ESA team.

Bonus science

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/01/solar_orbiter_instruments/21808954-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments_article.jpg)
Solar Orbiter Instruments (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments)

Solar Orbiter is equipped with a suite of 10 in-situ and remote-sensing instruments to investigate the Sun and the flow of charged particles it releases into space - the solar wind. Fortuitously, the four in-situ instruments are also perfect for detecting the comet's tails because they measure the conditions around the spacecraft, and so they could return data about the dust grains and the electrically charged particles given off by the comet. These emissions create the comet's two tails: the dust tail that is left behind in the comet's orbit and the ion tail that points straight away from the Sun.

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/05/anatomy_of_a_comet_-_infographic/22010753-1-eng-GB/Anatomy_of_a_comet_-_Infographic_article.jpg)
Anatomy of a comet - Infographic (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/05/Anatomy_of_a_comet_-_Infographic)

Solar Orbiter will cross the ion tail of Comet ATLAS on 31 May-1 June, and the dust tail on 6 June. If the ion tail is dense enough, Solar Orbiter's magnetometer (MAG) might detect the variation of the interplanetary magnetic field because of its interaction with ions in the comet's tail, while the Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) could directly capture some of the tail particles.

When Solar Orbiter crosses the dust tail, depending on its density - which is extremely difficult to predict - it is possible that one or more tiny dust grains may hit the spacecraft at speeds of tens of kilometres per second. While there is no significant risk to the spacecraft from this, the dust grains themselves will be vaporised on impact, forming tiny clouds of electrically charged gas, or plasma, which could be detected by the Radio and Plasma Waves (RPW) instrument.

"An unexpected encounter like this provides a mission with unique opportunities and challenges, but that's good! Chances like this are all part of the adventure of science," says Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science.

One of those challenges was that the instruments seemed unlikely to all be ready in time because of the commissioning. Now, thanks to a special effort by the instrument teams and ESA's mission operations team, all four in-situ instruments will be on and collecting data, even though at certain times the instruments will need to be switched back into commissioning mode to ensure that the 15 June deadline is met.

"With these caveats, we are ready for whatever Comet ATLAS has to tell us," says Daniel Müller, ESA Project Scientist for Solar Orbiter.

Expect the unexpected

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/04/hubble_captures_breakup_of_comet_atlas/21985767-1-eng-GB/Hubble_captures_breakup_of_comet_ATLAS_article.jpg)
Hubble captures breakup of Comet ATLAS in April 2020 (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/Hubble_captures_breakup_of_comet_ATLAS)

Another challenge entails the comet's behaviour. Comet ATLAS was discovered on 28 December 2019. During the next few months, it brightened so much that astronomers wondered whether it would become visible to the naked eye in May.

Unfortunately, in early April the comet fragmented (https://sci.esa.int/web/hubble/-/hubble-captures-breakup-of-comet-atlas-heic2008). As a result, its brightness dropped significantly too, robbing sky watchers of the view. A further fragmentation in mid-May has diminished the comet even more, making it less likely to be detectable by Solar Orbiter.

Although the chances of detection have reduced, the effort is still worth making according to Geraint.

"With each encounter with a comet, we learn more about these intriguing objects. If Solar Orbiter detects Comet ATLAS's presence, then we'll learn more about how comets interact with the solar wind, and we can check, for example, whether our expectations of dust tail behaviour agree with our models," he explains. "All missions that encounter comets provide pieces of the jigsaw puzzle."

Geraint is the principal investigator of ESA's future Comet Interceptor (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/ESA_s_new_mission_to_intercept_a_comet) mission, which consists of three spacecraft and is scheduled for launch in 2028. It will make a much closer flyby of an as yet unknown comet that will be selected from the newly discovered comets nearer the time of launch (or even after that).

Grazing the Sun

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/01/solar_orbiter_journey_around_the_sun/21809036-4-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_journey_around_the_Sun_article.png)
Solar Orbiter: journey around the Sun (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_journey_around_the_Sun)

Solar Orbiter is currently circling our parent star (https://solarorbiter.esac.esa.int/where/) between the orbits of Venus and Mercury, with its first perihelion to take place on 15 June, around 77 million kilometres from the Sun. In coming years, it will get much closer, within the orbit of Mercury, around 42 million kilometres from the solar surface. Meanwhile, Comet ATLAS is already there, approaching its own perihelion, which is expected on 31 May, around 37 million kilometres from the Sun.

"This tail crossing is also exciting because it will happen for the first time at such close distances from the Sun, with the comet nucleus being inside the orbit of Mercury," says Yannis Zouganelis, ESA Deputy Project Scientist for Solar Orbiter.

Understanding the dust environment in the innermost region of the Solar System is one of Solar Orbiter's scientific objectives (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/The_Sun_s_mysteries_for_Solar_Orbiter_to_solve).

"Near-Sun comets like Comet ATLAS are sources of dust in the inner heliosphere and so this study will not only help us understand the comet, but also the dust environment of our star," adds Yannis.

Looking at an icy object rather than the scorching Sun is certainly an exciting - and unexpected - way for Solar Orbiter to start its scientific mission, but that's the nature of science.

"Scientific discovery is built on good planning and serendipity. In the three months since launch, the Solar Orbiter team has already proved that it's ready for both," says Daniel.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.05.2020 16:16:32
Цитата: undefined(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter @ESASolarOrbiter 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1266328988164775936)

If #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hashtag_click) detects Comet ATLAS's presence, scientists could learn more about how #comets (https://twitter.com/hashtag/comets?src=hashtag_click) interact with the solar wind - the flow of charged particles released by the #Sun (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Sun?src=hashtag_click) - and also about the dust environment of our star, as the comet nucleus is inside the orbit of Mercury.
https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EZLnf2AXQAEKYAy.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/EZLnf2AXQAEKYAy.mp4) (0:09)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.05.2020 19:22:04
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8599467 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8599467)

Цитата: undefined29 МАЯ, 18:01
Зонд Solar Orbiter пролетит через хвост кометы ATLAS на выходных
Благодаря этому ученые планируют узнать больше о составе хвоста кометы, а также о том, какие изменения происходят в свойствах межпланетной среды из-за выбросов с поверхности небесного тела

ТАСС, 29 мая. Европейский зонд Solar Orbiter, который предназначен для изучения Солнца с близкого расстояния, получит уникальную возможность изучить химический состав и другие свойства хвоста недавно открытой кометы ATLAS на этих выходных. Об этом пишет пресс-служба Европейского космического агентства (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_to_pass_through_the_tails_of_Comet_ATLAS) (ЕКА).

"Мы впервые проведем подобные исследования на столь близком расстоянии от Солнца - сейчас осколки ядра кометы ATLAS находятся в пределах орбиты Меркурия. Подобные небесные тела представляют собой главный источник космической пыли во внутренних областях Солнечной системы, что делает эти наблюдения вдвойне интересными", - рассказал заместитель научного руководителя проекта Solar Orbiter Яннис Зуганелис.

Solar Orbiter - совместный проект NASA и Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА) стоимостью примерно 1,5 млрд долларов. Миссия зонда рассчитана на семь лет, в течение которых аппарату массой около двух тонн предстоит наблюдать за солнечной активностью и полярными областями звезды. Его запустили 10 февраля 2020 года с мыса Канаверал на ракете-носителе Atlas V.

Всего зонд оснащен десятью различными приборами, шесть из которых будут постоянно направлены на Солнце, а четыре других нужны для того, чтобы изучать состояние среды вокруг самого аппарата. Кроме того, на зонде установлен специальный теплозащитный щит, благодаря которому аппарат сможет подлететь к Солнцу на расстояние до 42 млн км.

Случайная встреча с кометой

Узнав, что в ближайшие дни Solar Orbiter сблизится с кометой ATLAS (C/2019 Y4), которую открыли в декабре прошлого года, команда миссии экстренно - почти на месяц раньше - включила все эти приборы, чтобы проверить, хорошо ли они работают и смогут ли провести нужные наблюдения.

Как показали расчеты, Solar Orbiter не только подлетит к комете достаточно близко, но и пролетит через ее ионный и газопылевой хвост. По прогнозам исследователей, это произойдет в ближайшие три дня.

Приборы, которые ученые готовят к встрече с кометой, попытаются уловить изменения в свойствах межпланетной среды, которые происходят из-за выбросов с поверхности кометы. Кроме того, специалисты планируют измерить свойства пыли, порождаемой ATLAS.

Еще через неделю, как ожидают исследователи, Solar Oribter подойдет к комете на минимальное расстояние, благодаря чему он, если удачно сложатся обстоятельства, сможет напрямую изучить содержимое газопылевого хвоста ATLAS. В этом случае европейская солнечная обсерватория станет первым космическим аппаратом, который случайно провел подобную процедуру при сближении кометы с Солнцем.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.06.2020 22:28:21
Цитата: undefined(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1179741059422834688/SajtdwKB_bigger.jpg) ESA's Solar Orbiter @ESASolarOrbiter 9 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ESASolarOrbiter/status/1272469992416718849)

Today is THE DAY! The day of Solar Orbiter's first perihelion. We are about 77 million km from the Sun's surface, half the distance between Earth and the Sun. No one has ever been closer with a camera to the beast. Read more: http://esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_makes_first_close_approach_to_the_Sun... (https://t.co/3MG3VUovZ7?amp=1)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Eai4qdpX0AApOyM?format=jpg&name=small)
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 18.06.2020 23:07:34
https://www.astronews.ru/cgi-bin/mng.cgi?page=news&news=20200617175410
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter делает первый близкий подход к Солнцу
Космический аппарат ESA «Solar Orbiter» совершил свой первый близкий подход к Солнцу 15 июня, приблизившись к его поверхности на 77 миллионов километров, что составляет примерно половину расстояния между Солнцем и Землей.
Ученые испытают десять инструментов космического аппарата, включая шесть телескопов на борту, которые впервые получат близкие изображения Солнца. По словам ученого проекта ESA «Solar Orbiter» Даниэля Мюллера, снимки, которые будут выпущены в середине июля, будут самыми близкими изображениями солнца, когда-либо существовавшие.
"Мы никогда не фотографировали Солнце с более близкого расстояния", - говорит Даниэль. "Были и более крупные планы с более высоким разрешением, например, снятые четырехметровым солнечным телескопом Daniel K. Inouye на Гавайях в начале этого года. Но с Земли, с атмосферой между телескопом и солнцем, вы можете видеть только небольшую часть солнечного спектра, из космоса же изображение будет гораздо четче и лучше".
Зонд NASA «Parker Solar», запущенный в 2018 году, делает более близкие подходы к Солнцу. Но космический аппарат, однако, не имеет телескопов, способных смотреть прямо на солнце.
"Наши ультрафиолетовые телескопы имеют то же самое пространственное разрешение, что и телескопы солнечной динамической обсерватории НАСА (SDO), которая принимает изображения солнца с высоким разрешением с орбиты, близкой к Земле. Поскольку в настоящее время мы находимся на половине расстояния до Солнца, наши изображения имеют вдвое большее разрешение", - говорит Даниэль.
Основная цель этих ранних наблюдений - доказать, что телескопы «Solar Orbiter» готовы к будущим научным наблюдениям.
"Впервые мы сможем собрать изображения со всех наших телескопов и увидеть, как они принимают данные о различных частях Солнца, включая поверхность, внешнюю атмосферу, а также гелиосферу вокруг нее", - говорит Даниэль.
Ученые также проанализируют данные с четырех приборов, которые измеряют свойства окружающей среды вокруг космического аппарата, такие как магнитное поле и частицы, составляющие солнечный ветер.
"Это первый случай, когда наши приборы работают на таком близком расстоянии к Солнцу, предоставляя нам, уникальное представление о структуре и составе солнечного ветра", - говорит Яннис Зуганелис, заместитель научного сотрудника проекта «Solar Orbiter» ЕКА. "Для приборов это не просто тест, мы ожидаем новых и захватывающих результатов".
«Solar Orbiter», запущенный 10 февраля этого года, завершает свой тестовый этап 15 июня и начнет свою круизную фазу, которая продлится до ноября 2021 года. Во время следующего этапа космический аппарат приблизится к поверхности Солнца на расстояние 42 миллиона километров, что ближе, чем планета Меркурий.
Космический аппарат достигнет своего следующего этапа в начале 2021 года. Во время первого близкого прохода в начале 2022 года, он приблизится к 48 миллионам километров.
Затем операторы солнечных орбитальных аппаратов будут использовать гравитацию Венеры для постепенного смещения орбиты космического аппарата из плоскости эклиптики, в которой вращаются планеты Солнечной системы. Эти полетные маневры позволят «Solar Orbiter» взглянуть на солнце с более высоких широт и получить первый в истории правильный вид его полюсов. Изучение активности в полярных регионах поможет ученым лучше понять поведение магнитного поля Солнца, которое создает солнечный ветер, что в свою очередь влияет на окружающую среду всей Солнечной системы.
Поскольку космический аппарат в настоящее время находится на расстоянии 134 миллионов километров от Земли, потребуется около недели для загрузки всех изображений через 35-метровую антенну ЕКА в Маларгуэ, Аргентина. Научные группы затем обработают изображения, прежде чем выпустить их на публику в середине июля. Данные от аппаратуры станут публичными позже.
"У нас есть девятичасовое окно загрузки каждый день, но мы уже очень далеко от Земли, поэтому скорость передачи данных намного ниже, чем в первые недели миссии, когда мы все еще были очень близко к Земле", - говорит Даниэль. "На более поздних этапах миссии, передача данных иногда будет занимать и до нескольких месяцев, потому что «Solar Orbiter» действительно является довольно сложной миссией. В отличие от околоземных миссий, мы можем хранить много данных на борту и соединять их, когда мы снова находимся ближе к дому, и подключение к данным намного лучше".
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.07.2020 12:44:55
Цитата: undefined(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/880788884233310208/XCOoEgOf_bigger.jpg) ESA @esa 20 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/esa/status/1282243308841033729)

"The first images are exceeding our expectations," says Daniel Müller, ESA #SolarOrbiter (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SolarOrbiter?src=hashtag_click) Project Scientist. Join us for the press briefing on 16 July at 13:00 BST/14:00 CEST to see #TheSunUpClose (https://twitter.com/hashtag/TheSunUpClose?src=hashtag_click)

Details (https://abs-0.twimg.com/emoji/v2/svg/1f449.svg) https://esa.int/Newsroom/Press_Releases/Call_for_Media_ESA_to_reveal_first_images_from_Solar_Orbiter (https://t.co/MbYKbIUGRJ?amp=1)

https://www.esa.int/Newsroom/Press_Releases/Call_for_Media_ESA_to_reveal_first_images_from_Solar_Orbiter (https://www.esa.int/Newsroom/Press_Releases/Call_for_Media_ESA_to_reveal_first_images_from_Solar_Orbiter)

Цитата: undefinedFirst images from ESA's Solar Orbiter to be revealed:

The first images from ESA's new Sun-observing spacecraft Solar Orbiter will be released to the public on 16 July 2020. Media representatives are invited to watch an online press briefing, which will take place at 14:00 CEST (13:00 BST), and talk to the scientists behind the mission.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.07.2020 16:53:03
https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_images_reveal_campfires_on_the_Sun (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_images_reveal_campfires_on_the_Sun)

Цитата: undefinedSolar Orbiter's first images reveal 'campfires' on the Sun
16/07/2020

The first images from Solar Orbiter, a new Sun-observing mission by ESA and NASA, have revealed omnipresent miniature solar flares, dubbed 'campfires', near the surface of our closest star.

According to the scientists behind the mission, seeing phenomena that were not observable in detail before hints at the enormous potential of Solar Orbiter, which has only just finished its early phase of technical verification known as commissioning.

"These are only the first images and we can already see interesting new phenomena," says Daniel Müller, ESA's Solar Orbiter Project Scientist. "We didn't really expect such great results right from the start. We can also see how our ten scientific instruments complement each other, providing a holistic picture of the Sun and the surrounding environment."

Solar Orbiter, launched on 10 February 2020, carries six remote-sensing instruments, or telescopes, that image the Sun and its surroundings, and four in situ instruments that monitor the environment around the spacecraft. By comparing the data from both sets of instruments, scientists will get insights into the generation of the solar wind, the stream of charged particles from the Sun that influences the entire Solar System.

The unique aspect of the Solar Orbiter mission is that no other spacecraft has been able to take images of the Sun's surface from a closer distance.

Closest images of the Sun reveal new phenomena

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/07/solar_orbiter_s_first_view_of_the_sun/22133039-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_view_of_the_Sun_article.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_view_of_the_Sun)
First views of the Sun obtained with Solar Orbiter's EUI on 30 May 2020, revealing the omnipresent miniature eruptions dubbed 'campfires'. (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_view_of_the_Sun)

The campfires shown in the first image set were captured by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) from Solar Orbiter's first perihelion, the point in its elliptical orbit closest to the Sun. At that time, the spacecraft was only 77 million km away from the Sun, about half the distance between Earth and the star.

"The campfires are little relatives of the solar flares that we can observe from Earth, million or billion times smaller," says David Berghmans of the Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB), Principal Investigator of the EUI instrument, which takes high-resolution images of the lower layers of the Sun's atmosphere, known as the solar corona. "The Sun might look quiet at the first glance, but when we look in detail, we can see those miniature flares everywhere we look."

The scientists do not know yet whether the campfires are just tiny versions of big flares, or whether they are driven by different mechanisms. There are, however, already theories that these miniature flares could be contributing to one of the most mysterious phenomena on the Sun, the coronal heating.

Unravelling the Sun's mysteries

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/07/solar_orbiter_spots_campfires_on_the_sun_annotated/22133164-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_spots_campfires_on_the_Sun_annotated_article.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_spots_campfires_on_the_Sun_annotated)
One of the newly found campfires in an image from Solar Orbiter's EUI. The circle in the lower left corner indicates the size of Earth for scale. (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_spots_campfires_on_the_Sun_annotated)

"These campfires are totally insignificant each by themselves, but summing up their effect all over the Sun, they might be the dominant contribution to the heating of the solar corona," says Frédéric Auchère, of the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), France, Co-Principal Investigator of EUI.

The solar corona is the outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere that extends millions of kilometres into outer space. Its temperature is more than a million degrees Celsius, which is orders of magnitude hotter than the surface of the Sun, a 'cool' 5500 °C. After many decades of studies, the physical mechanisms that heat the corona are still not fully understood, but identifying them is considered the 'holy grail' of solar physics.

"It's obviously way too early to tell but we hope that by connecting these observations with measurements from our other instruments that 'feel' the solar wind as it passes the spacecraft, we will eventually be able to answer some of these mysteries," says Yannis Zouganelis, Solar Orbiter Deputy Project Scientist at ESA.

Seeing the far side of the Sun

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/07/013/2007_013_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2020/07/013/2007_013_AR_EN.mp4)
Complementary views of the Sun and its outer atmosphere, or corona, based on the EUI, PHI, Metis and SoloHi instruments.
Access the video (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2020/07/Closer_than_ever_Solar_Orbiter_s_first_views_of_the_Sun)


The Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) is another cutting-edge instrument aboard Solar Orbiter. It makes high-resolution measurements of the magnetic field lines on the surface of the Sun. It is designed to monitor active regions on the Sun, areas with especially strong magnetic fields, which can give birth to solar flares.

During solar flares, the Sun releases bursts of energetic particles that enhance the solar wind that constantly emanates from the star into the surrounding space. When these particles interact with Earth's magnetosphere, they can cause magnetic storms that can disrupt telecommunication networks and power grids on the ground.

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/07/the_sun_and_its_magnetic_properties/22136075-3-eng-GB/The_Sun_and_its_magnetic_properties_article.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/The_Sun_and_its_magnetic_properties)
The Sun and its magnetic properties observed by the PHI instrument on Solar Orbiter. (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/The_Sun_and_its_magnetic_properties)

"Right now, we are in the part of the 11-year solar cycle when the Sun is very quiet," says Sami Solanki, the director of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Göttingen, Germany, and PHI Principal Investigator. "But because Solar Orbiter is at a different angle to the Sun than Earth, we could actually see one active region that wasn't observable from Earth. That is a first. We have never been able to measure the magnetic field at the back of the Sun."

The magnetograms, showing how the strength of the solar magnetic field varies across the Sun's surface, could be then compared with the measurements from the in situ instruments.

"The PHI instrument is measuring the magnetic field on the surface, we see structures in the Sun's corona with EUI, but we also try to infer the magnetic field lines going out into the interplanetary medium, where Solar Orbiter is," says Jose Carlos del Toro Iniesta, PHI Co-Principal Investigator, of Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Spain.

Catching the solar wind

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/07/combining_remote-sensing_and_in_situ_measurements/22135950-3-eng-GB/Combining_remote-sensing_and_in_situ_measurements_article.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Combining_remote-sensing_and_in_situ_measurements)
Combining remote-sensing observations from SPICE with in situ measurements from SWA. (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Combining_remote-sensing_and_in_situ_measurements)

The four in situ instruments on Solar Orbiter then characterise the magnetic field lines and solar wind as it passes the spacecraft.

Christopher Owen, of University College London Mullard Space Science Laboratory and Principal Investigator of the in situ Solar Wind Analyser, adds, "Using this information, we can estimate where on the Sun that particular part of the solar wind was emitted, and then use the full instrument set of the mission to reveal and understand the physical processes operating in the different regions on the Sun which lead to solar wind formation."

"We are all really excited about these first images - but this is just the beginning," adds Daniel. "Solar Orbiter has started a grand tour of the inner Solar System, and will get much closer to the Sun within less than two years. Ultimately, it will get as close as 42 million km, which is almost a quarter of the distance from Sun to Earth."

"The first data are already demonstrating the power behind a successful collaboration between space agencies and the usefulness of a diverse set of images in unravelling some of the Sun's mysteries," comments Holly Gilbert, Director of the Heliophysics Science Division at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and Solar Orbiter Project Scientist at NASA.

(https://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/07/solar_orbiter_first_images_and_measurements/22134184-2-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_first_images_and_measurements_article.jpg) (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_first_images_and_measurements)
A 'family portrait' of the first images and data from Solar Orbiter's ten instruments. (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/07/Solar_Orbiter_first_images_and_measurements)

Solar Orbiter is a space mission of international collaboration between ESA and NASA. Nineteen ESA Member States (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom), as well as NASA, contributed to the science payload and/or the spacecraft. The satellite was built by prime contractor Airbus Defence and Space in the UK.

The Solar Orbiter First Images photo gallery is available here (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_views_of_the_Sun_image_gallery).
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.07.2020 16:57:12
https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8983383 (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8983383)

Цитата: undefined16 ИЮЛ, 15:19
Зонд Solar Orbiter получил первые фотографии Солнца с близкого расстояния
Астрономы разглядели на них "солнечные костры", а также измерили свойства солнечного ветра

(https://phototass4.cdnvideo.ru/width/1020_b9261fa1/tass/m2/uploads/i/20200716/5654239.jpg)
Зонд Solar Orbiter
© EPA-EFE/ESA/ATG Medialab


ТАСС, 16 июля. Космический аппарат Solar Orbiter передал на Землю первые фотографии Солнца, полученные с расстояния в 77 млн км от поверхности светила. Ученые впервые увидели на них миниатюрные подобия солнечных вспышек. Об этом участники миссии рассказали (https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_s_first_images_reveal_campfires_on_the_Sun) на онлайн-брифинге, который проходил в штаб-квартире Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА).

"Мы очень рады, что мы получили эти снимки, но это только начало. Наша миссия продолжит свое путешествие по внутренней Солнечной системе и примерно через два года подойдет к Солнцу еще ближе. В конечном итоге аппарат окажется на расстоянии в 42 млн км от его поверхности. Это в четыре раза меньше, чем дистанция между Землей и светилом", - рассказал научный руководитель миссии в ЕКА Дэниел Мюллер.

(https://phototass3.cdnvideo.ru/width/1020_b9261fa1/tass/m2/uploads/i/20200716/5654235.jpg)
Фотографии Солнца, которые сделал аппарат Solar Orbiter
© Solar Orbiter/EUI Team (ESA & NASA); CSL, IAS, MPS, PMOD/WRC, ROB, UCL/MSSL


Solar Orbiter - совместный проект NASA и ЕКА. Его миссия рассчитана на семь лет, в течение которых аппарат будет наблюдать за солнечной активностью и полярными областями нашей звезды. Аппарат запустили 10 февраля 2020 года с мыса Канаверал на ракете-носителе Atlas V.  Стоимость миссии оценивают примерно в $1,5 млрд.

Зонд оснащен десятью различными приборами, шесть из которых будут постоянно направлены на Солнце, а четыре других нужны для изучения состояния среды вокруг самого аппарата. Кроме того, на Solar Orbiter установлен специальный теплозащитный щит, благодаря которому аппарат может приближаться к Солнцу на расстояние до 42 млн км.

Недавно, как отметил Мюллер, специалисты миссии закончили проверять инструменты Solar Orbiter перед тем, как миссия в первый раз сблизилась с Солнцем, подойдя к нему на расстояние в 77 млн км. Благодаря этому ученые получили первые научные данные. Эти измерения, по словам руководителя Solar Orbiter, уже сейчас принесли несколько интересных и неожиданных открытий.

Обратная сторона Солнца

В частности, фотографии поверхности светила, полученные ультрафиолетовой камерой EUI, указали, что на поверхности светила возникают миниатюрные вспышки. Астрономы окрестили их "солнечными кострами". Подобные структуры, как предполагают исследователи, играют важную роль в разогреве короны Солнца до сверхвысоких температур.

(https://phototass1.cdnvideo.ru/width/1020_b9261fa1/tass/m2/uploads/i/20200716/5654245.jpg)
"Солнечные костры" на снимках указаны стрелками
© Solar Orbiter/EUI Team (ESA & NASA); CSL, IAS, MPS, PMOD/WRC, ROB, UCL/MSSL


Иследователи подчеркивают, что пока еще рано говорить о том, что Solar Orbiter раскрыл этот механизм. Однако они надеются, что следующие наблюдения помогут им доказать это.

Кроме этого зонд получил первые данные по тому, как выглядят области магнитной активности на Солнце, а также связанные с ними пятна и другие структуры на "обратной стороне" светила, которая скрыта от всех наблюдателей на Земле.

Эти наблюдения особенно важны для астрономов, так как до недавнего времени (https://nauka.tass.ru/nauka/8600019) наше светило находилось в "спячке" и видимых крупных пятен на его поверхности было очень мало. Подобные данные, как надеются астрофизики, позволят узнать, какие процессы управляют 11-летним циклом активности Солнца.

Также в момент максимального сближения аппарата со звездной астрономы измерили свойства солнечного ветра. Эти данные, а также последующие измерения подобного рода, как надеются исследователи, помогут ученым понять, как формируется этот поток заряженных частиц и где он возникает.

Более детальные данные, как отметили ученые, они рассчитывают получить в конце следующего года, когда Solar Orbiter еще раз сблизится со светилом, а также во второй половине 2022 года, когда зонд после серии гравитационных маневров выйдет на стабильную орбиту вокруг Солнца и будет подходить к нему ближе, чем Меркурий.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 06.02.2020 – 07:15 ДМВ
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.09.2020 17:57:07
http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_releases_first_data_to_the_public (http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Solar_Orbiter/Solar_Orbiter_releases_first_data_to_the_public)

ЦитатаSolar Orbiter releases first data to the public
30/09/2020

ESA has released its first Solar Orbiter data (http://soar.esac.esa.int/soar/) to the scientific community and the wider public. The instruments contributing to this data release come from the suite of in-situ instruments that measure the conditions surrounding the spacecraft.

The instruments contributing data to the release are the Energetic Particle Detector (EPD), the Radio and Plasma Waves (RPW) instrument, and the Magnetometer (MAG). Data from the fourth in-situ instrument, the Solar Wind Plasma Analyser (SWA) will be released later this year. Solar Orbiter's remote-sensing instruments will only start their nominal operations in November 2021. They are continuing to perform tests and calibrations during short intervals until then.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/01/solar_orbiter_instruments/21808954-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments_article.jpg) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments)
-- Solar Orbiter Instruments (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments)

As soon as a mission is in space, the teams work to commission the instruments and start collecting science data. As soon as the information starts to flow in, interest builds towards the first data release.

In the case of many space missions, the first data release usually comes after six months or a year, to reward the teams that have built the instruments with an exclusive first look at the data. Long before launch, however, it was agreed that Solar Orbiter would be different.

"We want Solar Orbiter to be one of the most open space missions. This means open to the whole world, not only to the teams who have built the instruments," says Yannis Zouganelis, Solar Orbiter Deputy Project Scientist for ESA.

Based on the successful approach taken by previous solar physics missions, it was decided that the time between the data being received on Earth and it being released to the world would be at most 90 days. During this period, the instrument teams calibrate the data taken by Solar Orbiter from its ever-changing distance to the Sun. That would be a fast turn-around at the best of times; with the unprecedented challenges of the pandemic this year, it is a double achievement to hit the deadline.

"To do this in COVID-19 times was very challenging," says Yannis, "But we are ready to deliver the data to the scientific community according to the plan, so that they can do science with it."

https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2019/12/035/1912_035_AR_EN.mp4 (https://dlmultimedia.esa.int/download/public/videos/2019/12/035/1912_035_AR_EN.mp4)
-- Solar Orbiter facing the Sun (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2019/12/Solar_Orbiter_facing_the_Sun)
Access the video (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2019/12/Solar_Orbiter_facing_the_Sun)

The work begins long before launch, with the various instrument teams getting ready to receive and process their data. The teams themselves are composed of dozens of people, often in many different countries.

Once the instruments are taking data, the mission enters a calibration phase in which a lot of work is put in by each instrument team to understand how their instrument is working in space, whether the data coming back is as expected, and which instrumental and spacecraft effects need to be corrected for. For example, instrument readouts depend on the temperature of the detector, but often the thermometers are by necessity located at a certain distance away. Thus, the data must be calibrated with the actual 'in-orbit' thermal behaviour of the spacecraft.

Once the working instrument is understood, the teams process the data and send them to ESA's European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), near Madrid. There, the data is archived at the ESAC Science Data Centre and made accessible to the public.

"It's a coordinated effort involving dozens of people from many different teams, many different countries, and all parties have to work together, like an orchestra, to make sure that everything is ready at the right time," says Yannis.

This orchestra is directed by ESA's Solar Orbiter archive scientist Pedro Osuna in concert with the ESAC Science Data Centre. The effort requires dedicated hands-on commitment from all instrument teams to transform the raw data into calibrated products for scientific analysis.

"When the data is received on the ground it is raw data, just ones and zeros," says Javier Rodríguez-Pacheco, University of Alcalá, and the Principal Investigator of EPD. "This is sent to us and we transform it into physical units that can be used for scientific purposes."

For this first data release, Javier says that most of the data was cleaned and calibrated by hand but in future, once they fully understand the responses of the different EPD sensors, they are looking to create a data pipeline that will be able to largely automate the process. Although, someone will always supervise the process.

The data being released from RPW comes from readings that were taken after 15 June because the period before was the commissioning phase rather than the science phase. "In the commissioning period, we do all sorts of strange things with the instrument," says Jan Soucek, Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague and lead co-investigator of RPW.

In this mode, readings are collected in a number of different ways and this makes them poorly suited for science. "If you want to look at statistics, you need to make sure that you are measuring things in a consistent way, so if we play with the instrument all the time, it's not very consistent," says Jan.

But like the other instruments, once its behaviour is known, the data can be processed relatively easily and quickly.

(http://www.esa.int/var/esa/storage/images/esa_multimedia/images/2020/02/solar_orbiter_boom_deployment_and_first_magnetic_field_measurements/21849116-1-eng-GB/Solar_Orbiter_boom_deployment_and_first_magnetic_field_measurements_article.gif) (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/02/Solar_Orbiter_boom_deployment_and_first_magnetic_field_measurements)
-- Solar Orbiter boom deployment and first magnetic field measurements (http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/02/Solar_Orbiter_boom_deployment_and_first_magnetic_field_measurements)

In the case of MAG, the job was to learn about all the small magnetic fields that the spacecraft itself generates when its various circuits and equipment are switched on and off. Tim Horbury, Imperial College, and Principal Investigator of MAG, says that the fact the data is ready on time is testament to the hard work of the engineering team at Imperial College.

"They have worked incredibly hard over the last few months. It's been an immense amount of work," he says. "There's a lot of it that we're releasing that nobody's really looked at in great detail yet. So I am sure there will also be a whole extra set of wonders - we just don't know what they are yet. There's an enormous amount for people to do, and I really hope that people will dive in."

The fourth in-situ instrument, SWA, is still working on its data processing and calibration. "We have had a number of teething challenges operating safely with the high-voltages that are an integral part of all three of our sensors," says Christopher Owen, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, and SWA's principal investigator. "As a consequence we have not been able to take as much data, or to spend as much time on understanding performance as we would have liked."

However, Chris is optimistic. "The sensors themselves are fundamentally healthy, and we can see from the data we do have that they are capable of delivering great science and fulfilling the important roles they have in delivering the unique mission science goals," he says.

In the meantime, there is more than enough data from the other instruments for the scientific community to begin work with. In tandem with the data release, a special issue of the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics is being published that contains mission and instrument descriptions. (https://www.aanda.org/component/toc/?task=topic&id=1082)

"Now any scientist from any country can get the data and do science with it. In fact, there are already hundreds of scientists working together to make sense out of this unique data," says Yannis.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pirat5 от 27.12.2020 16:38:48
27.12.2020 o 12:39 sonda SolO (http://lk.astronautilus.pl/sondy/so.htm) przeleci w odległości ~7500 km od Wenus.
http://lk.astronautilus.pl/plan.htm
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pirat5 от 28.12.2020 11:46:21
из старого периода:

ЦитатаСтатус миссии
• 17 декабря 2020 г .: Solar Orbiter готовится к первому из множества облетов Венеры (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_journey_around_the_Sun) с помощью гравитации (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_journey_around_the_Sun) 27 декабря, чтобы начать приближать ее к Солнцу и наклонять ее орбиту, чтобы наблюдать нашу звезду с разных точек зрения. 37) (https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/s/solar-orbiter-mission#foot37))
- Точно так же, как большинство из нас будут оставаться в безопасности дома в условиях различных мер по ограничению пандемии COVID-19 во время традиционно праздничного периода, пролет - обычное событие в мире летающих космических кораблей - также будет контролироваться менеджерами по эксплуатации космических аппаратов. также удаленно.
- Ближайшее сближение произойдет в 12:39 UTC (13:39 CET) 27 декабря, и космический корабль будет пролететь около 7 500 км от вершин облаков Венеры. Более поздние облеты, начиная с 2025 года, позволят увидеть гораздо более близкие встречи - всего в несколько сотен километров (см. Рисунок 23 (https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/s/solar-orbiter-mission#9ptsV1e8Herb) ).
- Во время предстоящего облета несколько натурных научных инструментов - MAG, RPW и некоторые датчики EPD (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/01/Solar_Orbiter_Instruments) - будут включены для регистрации магнитной, плазменной среды и среды частиц вокруг космического корабля, когда он встречается с Венерой. (Невозможно сделать снимки Венеры во время пролета, потому что космический корабль должен оставаться обращенным к Солнцу.)
- Чтобы правильно подготовиться к облету, специалисты наземных станций ЕКА и группы по динамике полета провели так называемую кампанию Delta-DOR, используя передовую технику - Delta-Differential One-Way Ranging (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/02/Ultra-precise_navigation)- для точного определения дальности (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/02/Ultra-precise_navigation) полета космического корабля. положение в пространстве и его траектория.
- В Delta-DOR набор широко разнесенных наземных станций на Земле используется для приема радиосигналов космического корабля, что дает первый результат для его местоположения. Затем этот результат сравнивается с местоположениями известных звездных радиоисточников, ранее нанесенных на карту другими миссиями, в результате получается скорректированный и сверхточный окончательный график. Технология Delta-DOR позволяет операторам определять местонахождение космического корабля с точностью до нескольких сотен метров, даже на расстоянии 100 миллионов км.
- Сегодня, 17 декабря, Solar Orbiter находится в 235 миллионах километров от Земли и примерно в 10,5 миллионах километров от Венеры. Сигналам требуется около 13 минут, чтобы добраться до космического корабля (или от него).
https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/s/solar-orbiter-mission#mission-status

еще страничка на https://sci.esa.int/web/solar-orbiter
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: PIN от 28.12.2020 12:24:16
Абсолютно номинально и очень точно с минимумом коррекций траектории - ошибка в B-plane совокупно километров 5 вышла
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: zandr от 28.12.2020 23:42:17
https://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/77945/
ЦитатаSolar Orbiter пролетел мимо Венеры
Утром 27 декабря совместный американо-европейский космический аппарат Solar Orbiter совершил манёвр в гравитационном поле Венеры. Это первая коррекция в серии запланированных на пути зонда к Солнцу.
Максимальное сближение была зафиксировано в 12:39 UTC (15:39 ДМВ), когда космический корабль находился на расстоянии около 7500 километров от вершины облаков планеты.
Зонд, запущенный в феврале нынешнего года, должен провести семь лет, изучая наше Солнце. Но чтобы подлететь к звезде настолько близко, насколько этого хотят ученые, космическому кораблю необходимо сделать несколько петель, начиная с сегодняшнего пролета Венеры.
А.Ж.
Название: Solar Orbiter (SolO) – Atlas V 411 – Canaveral SLC-41 – 10.02.2020 – 07:05 ДМВ
Отправлено: Pirat5 от 29.12.2020 08:19:13
планы на 2021:Вам недоступны вложения в этом разделе.