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Тематические разделы => Межпланетные станции и научные аппараты => Тема начата: instml от 08.01.2012 13:56:55

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 08.01.2012 13:56:55
InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) (ранее GEMS (Geophysical Monitoring Station))

http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/

Цитата(http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/images/home-content-image.png)

InSight, a proposed mission to quite literally dig deep into the planetary history of rocky worlds like Earth, will seek to answer one of science's most fundamental questions: How were the planets created?

InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) is a proposed NASA Discovery Program mission that will place a single geophysical lander on Mars to study its deep interior. But InSight is more than a Mars mission - it is a terrestrial planet explorer that will address one of the most fundamental issues of planetary and solar system science - understanding the processes that shaped the rocky planets of the inner solar system (including Earth) more than four billion years ago.

By using sophisticated geophysical instruments, InSight will delve deep beneath the surface of Mars, detecting the fingerprints of the processes of terrestrial planet formation, as well as measuring the planet's "vital signs": Its "pulse" (seismology), "temperature" (heat flow probe), and "reflexes" (precision tracking).
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 08.01.2012 13:57:22
http://discovery.nasa.gov/news/index.cfml?ID=1034
http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2011/may/HQ_11-132_Future_Plantary.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 08.01.2012 14:00:21
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/
ЦитатаObjectives

The InSight mission will seek to understand the evolutionary formation of rocky planets, including Earth, by investigating the interior structure and processes of Mars. InSight will also investigate the dynamics of Martian tectonic activity and meteorite impacts, which could offer clues about such phenomena on Earth.

Spacecraft and Payload

The InSight mission will fly a near-duplicate of the Mars lander that the Phoenix mission used successfully in 2007 to study ground ice near the north pole of Mars. The reuse of this technology, developed and built by Lockheed-Martin Space Systems in Denver, CO, will provide a low-risk path to Mars without the added cost of designing and testing a new system from scratch.

The InSight lander will be equipped with two science instruments that will conduct the first "check-up" of Mars in more than 4.5 billion years, measuring its "pulse", or internal activity; its temperature; and its "reflexes" (the way the planet wobbles when it is pulled by the Sun and its moons). Scientists will be able to interpret this data to understand the planet's history, its interior structure and activity, and the forces that shaped rocky planet formation in the inner solar system.

The science payload is comprised of two instruments: the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS), provided by the French Space Agency (CNES), with the participation of the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Studies (MPS), Imperial College and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL); and the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3), provided by the German Space Agency (DLR). In addition, the Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment (RISE), led by JPL, will use the spacecraft communication system to provide precise measurements of planetary rotation.

Mission Details

One of three proposed missions competing for funding within NASA's Discovery Program, InSight is slated for a March 2016 launch date and set to arrive on the surface of Mars in late 2016. It will rely on proven technologies used on NASA's Mars Phoenix mission, and will send a lander to the Martian surface that will spend two years investigating the deep interior of Mars - as well as the processes that not only shaped the Red Planet, but also rocky planets throughout the inner solar system.

InSight Key Dates

    * Launch: March 10 - March 29, 2016
    * Landing: September 20, 2016
    * Surface operations: 1 Martian year (669 sols, or 687 days)
    * First science return: October 2016
    * Instrument deployment: 30 sols (including 12 sols margin)
    * Data volume over 1 Martian year: More than 29 Gb (processed seismic data posted to the Web in 2 weeks; remaining science data less than 3 months, no proprietary period)
    * End of Mission: September 10, 2018
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 08.01.2012 14:00:52
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/documents/InSight%20fact%20sheet_Rev1_12-01-2011.pdf
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/images/gallery/InSight%20Bookmark%20Final.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ZOOR от 08.01.2012 13:04:38
На ExoMars у них ракеты нет, а на это где найдут?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 08.01.2012 14:07:27
Для своего аппаратика они найдут :) Но сначала должны выбрать одну из трех миссий.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 17:29:30
я лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 08.01.2012 18:00:14
Цитатая лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.

Я тоже зашел написать что лучше уж на Титан отправят мисию, а с Марсом в 2016 и 2020 пускай возятся ESA + роскосмос.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 18:12:54
Цитата
Цитатая лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.

Я тоже зашел написать что лучше уж на Титан отправят мисию, а с Марсом в 2016 и 2020 пускай возятся ESA + роскосмос.

просто лично у меня в голове не укладывается, как можно уложить миссию к ТИтану, пусть, самую простую в бюджет Дискавери?

А если это возможно, то титан обязан выиграть этот конкурс, во первых в связи  с неопределённостью сроков запуска Тандеиа во вторых потому что ни 1 другая миссия не даст такого научного выхода как ТМЭ.

НО как я уже сказал, что угодно лишь бы не луна и не малые тела, которые уже в печёнках сидят.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 08.01.2012 19:59:12
Цитата
Цитата
Цитатая лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.

Я тоже зашел написать что лучше уж на Титан отправят мисию, а с Марсом в 2016 и 2020 пускай возятся ESA + роскосмос.

просто лично у меня в голове не укладывается, как можно уложить миссию к ТИтану, пусть, самую простую в бюджет Дискавери?

А если это возможно, то титан обязан выиграть этот конкурс, во первых в связи  с неопределённостью сроков запуска Тандеиа во вторых потому что ни 1 другая миссия не даст такого научного выхода как ТМЭ.

НО как я уже сказал, что угодно лишь бы не луна и не малые тела, которые уже в печёнках сидят.

На Луну вроде бы не полетят. Есть три миссии финалисты: на Марс, Титан и на комету.

http://www.spacenews.com/civil/110506-finalists-discovery-mission.html

Какое то у меня странное пречуствия что выберут посадку на комету.  :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 20:08:03
Цитата
Цитата
Цитата
Цитатая лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.

Я тоже зашел написать что лучше уж на Титан отправят мисию, а с Марсом в 2016 и 2020 пускай возятся ESA + роскосмос.

просто лично у меня в голове не укладывается, как можно уложить миссию к ТИтану, пусть, самую простую в бюджет Дискавери?

А если это возможно, то титан обязан выиграть этот конкурс, во первых в связи  с неопределённостью сроков запуска Тандеиа во вторых потому что ни 1 другая миссия не даст такого научного выхода как ТМЭ.

НО как я уже сказал, что угодно лишь бы не луна и не малые тела, которые уже в печёнках сидят.

На Луну вроде бы не полетят. Есть три миссии финалисты: на Марс, Титан и на комету.

http://www.spacenews.com/civil/110506-finalists-discovery-mission.html

Какое то у меня странное пречуствия что выберут посадку на комету.  :D

ну нах. зачем копировать розетту?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 20:19:30
кстати в дискавери выбирают 1 миссию или 2?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 08.01.2012 23:06:15
ЦитатаGeorgij пишет:
 
Цитатаsmokan пишет:
 
ЦитатаGeorgij пишет:
 
Цитата
Цитатая лично за TME но и не против марса. лишь бы не луна и не астероиды.


ну нах. зачем копировать розетту?

ну шо поделать будет в 2016 насовская копи хаябусы и копи розеты  ...ну или экзомарса.
Поэтому и согласен с Вами что лучше на Титан.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 09.01.2012 00:08:26
Вроде две.

Я лично тоже за лодку на Титан. Марс и так изучен более-менее. Ещё один марсоход на подлёте. В отличие от.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 23:40:17
Марс и так изучен более-менее
_________________--

потроха марса совсем не изучены - сейсмология, тепловые потоки, в общем вся геофизика. Работал 1 сейсмотметр на викинге, но по моему там особых результатов не было. Экзомарс не в тему - гумбольт же не летит, или летит таки? По комете - дело в том что у розетты настолько комплексная экспедиция - орбитальный аппарат + СА что перебить его может только доставка грунта с ядра. Но это явно не бюджет дискавери. Так что я бы проголосовал за ТМЭ и Марс. если и правда 2 выберут (точная инфа????) то чудесно!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 08.01.2012 23:45:14
кстати а следущее дискавери когда будет или программу того?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 09.01.2012 01:50:44
ЦитатаВроде две.
Одна.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 09.01.2012 02:02:00
Цитата
ЦитатаВроде две.
Одна.

Тьфу блин! Точно комету выберут. :evil:
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 09.01.2012 02:06:04
ЦитатаМарс и так изучен более-менее
_________________--

потроха марса совсем не изучены - сейсмология, тепловые потоки, в общем вся геофизика. Работал 1 сейсмотметр на викинге, но по моему там особых результатов не было. Экзомарс не в тему - гумбольт же не летит, или летит таки? По комете - дело в том что у розетты настолько комплексная экспедиция - орбитальный аппарат + СА что перебить его может только доставка грунта с ядра. Но это явно не бюджет дискавери. Так что я бы проголосовал за ТМЭ и Марс. если и правда 2 выберут (точная инфа????) то чудесно!
Потроха Марса подождут. И так понятно, что планета умирающая. А Титан - настоящий, активный, живой мир. Ну не буквально живой, ну Вы понимаете. Хотя... как знать... может, и вправду...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 09.01.2012 01:30:04
Цитата
ЦитатаВроде две.
Одна.

точная инфа? в дискавери-06 м помнится выбрали 2 - дауна и кеплера. читал на сайте наса - ничего не понял(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 09.01.2012 11:21:07
Цитатаhttp://discovery.nasa.gov/news/index.cfml?ID=1034
http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2011/may/HQ_11-132_Future_Plantary.html

ЦитатаOne of the three will be chosen as a potential 2016 mission

Одна из трех. На две денег нету.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 28.02.2012 23:39:44
JPL проснулась :)

Proposed Mars Mission Has New Name
February 28, 2012

ЦитатаPASADENA, Calif. - A proposed Discovery mission concept led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., to investigate the formation and evolution of terrestrial planets by studying the deep interior of Mars now has a new name, InSight.

InSight stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport and is a partnership involving JPL, Lockheed Martin Space Systems, the French Space Agency (CNES), the German Aerospace Center (DLR), and other NASA centers. The previous name for the proposal was GEMS (GEophysical Monitoring Station). NASA requested that name be reserved for an astrophysics mission known as the Gravity and Extreme Magnetism Small Explorer, which was already in development.

"We chose the name InSight because we would literally peer into the interior of Mars to map out its structure," said JPL's Bruce Banerdt, the principal investigator. "With our geophysical instruments we will be able to see right through to the center of Mars, and will be able to map out how deeply the crust extends as well as the size of the core."

InSight is one of three missions vying to be selected for flight in the Discovery Program, a series of NASA missions to understand the solar system by exploring planets, moons, and small bodies such as comets and asteroids. All three mission teams are required to submit concept study reports to NASA on March 19.
For more information, visit http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/ .
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2012-050
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 03.03.2012 20:27:12
В 2016 году мы, возможно, узнаем строение Марса
ЦитатаЕсли миссия на Марс всё же состоится, на планету будет спущен аппарат, который пробурит поверхность на пятиметровую глубину и возьмёт пробы грунта. Решение о судьбе проекта InSight будет принято НАСА 19 марта 2012 года. Однако для этого ему придётся одолеть своих конкурентов -- альтернативные программы высадки спускаемого аппарата на Титане и отправки зонда на одну из комет.

НАСА Discovery Program предусматривает серию низкобюджетных миссий, которые смогли бы существенно продвинуть земную науку на каком-то одном направлении. Среди проектов, рассматриваемых сегодня, -- три конкурирующих. 19 марта 2012 года их разработчики представят НАСА концепты соответствующих миссий, после чего аэрокосмическое ведомство примет окончательное решение. Окинем же взглядом проект, предлагаемый Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Внутреннее исследование с использованием сейсмического, геодезического и сканирующего в инфракрасном диапазоне оборудования -- именно так расшифровывается акроним InSight. Спускаемый аппарат во многом напоминает Phoenix Mars, который в 2008 году стал первым из зондов землян, высадившимся в полярных областях Марса. На нём предполагается широкое применение элементной базы, уже используемой на Марсианском орбитальном разведчике (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, MRO).

Идея InSight в том, что, в отличие от предшественников, он будет изучать не подъёмный материал, находящийся прямо на поверхности Марса, а грунт с пятиметровой глубины. Этот материал должен представлять особый интерес, поскольку после обнаружения в 2008 году водного льда под тонким поверхностным слоем песчаных наносов стало ясно, что вся поверхность Красной планеты может скрывать совершенно неожиданные пласты. Более всего, конечно, интересует возможная жизнь: в земных пустынях, включая самые безводные, развитые бактериальные плёнки образуются как раз на глубине от метра.

Спускаемый аппарат будет стационарным, что, конечно, имеет как преимущества, так и проблемы. Сначала о плюсах: ему не будет угрожать банальная авария, похоронившая «Луноходы». Поскольку телеметрия для управления марсоходами неприменима, это действительно важный момент: даже если планетоход не будет похоронен обвалом на маршруте, у него может выйти из строя ходовая часть, как у Spirit. Риски вытекают из той же неподвижности: при спуске на твёрдый скальный объект бурить будет затруднительно, а изменить местоположение аппарат не сможет. Чтобы повысить шансы зонда на выживание, его предполагается примарсить ближе к экватору, в районе Элизиум Планития, где больше солнечного света для батарей и меньше риск песчаной бури вроде той, что вывела из строя Phoenix. Из-за этого время его работы предполагается в один марсианский год (или два земных), что вчетверо больше, чем у предшественника.

Будут на нём и совершенно новые научные инструменты -- высокочувствительный французский сейсмограф (SEIS) и измеритель потока инфракрасного излучения, сделанный в Германии и способный самостоятельно зарываться в грунт. При помощи последнего планируется определить количество тепла, исходящего от почвы, и установить тем самым характер ядра планеты: холодное ли оно и твёрдое, как на Луне, или раскалённое и жидкое, как на Земле. Оба прибора будут извлечены из зонда механической «рукой», весьма близкой к аналогичному устройству Phoenix. Кроме того, при помощи сверки сигналов от InSight и MRO предполагается получить более точные данные о скорости вращения Марса и его орбите.

Определённо, InSight -- проект далеко не такой амбиционный, как отправка планетолёта на Титан. И в то же время его шансы на победу в НАСА-конкурсе весьма велики: для экономии средств он предполагает использовать чертежи и синьки Phoenix, конструкцию которого воспроизведёт почти полностью. То же в значительной степени относится и к элементной базе приборов. А значит, стоимость миссии будет щадящей, да и расстояние до цели значительно меньше, чем до сатурнианской луны. Впрочем, если бюджетные сокращения финансирования программ НАСА продолжатся, то в 2016 году американцы, наверное, не полетят ни на Титан, ни на Марс.
http://science.compulenta.ru/664745/
http://www.universetoday.com/93843/nasas-proposed-insight-lander-would-peer-to-the-center-of-mars-in-2016/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Дмитрий Виницкий от 03.03.2012 19:38:22
Такое "внутреннее" строение, мы уже могли многократно наблюдать на снимках с роверов:

(http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/mer/2004-01-28/Sol3_Outcrop_Color-sol-640.jpg) :wink:
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: X от 04.03.2012 00:14:38
27-28 февраля с.г. MEPAG провела совещание, в том числе с выбором места для миссии 2018 года:

http://mepag.jpl.nasa.gov/meeting/feb-12/index.html

Презентации Гранта и Голомбека по выбору места:
http://mepag.jpl.nasa.gov/meeting/feb-12/day_2/05_a_Future_Landing_Sites.pdf
http://mepag.jpl.nasa.gov/meeting/feb-12/day_2/05_b_Golombek_MEPAG.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 18.03.2012 20:32:23
Mars InSight Proposal - Implementation and Science
http://futureplanets.blogspot.com/2012/02/mars-insight-proposal-implementation.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 01.04.2012 12:42:01
http://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?showtopic=7200&view=findpost&p=183609
ЦитатаA few new details about the mission, from Bruce Banerdt at LPSC.

The spacecraft carries a MER hazcam (maybe 2) fixed on the body to give an overview of the instrument deployment area, and a MER navcam (or a pair, more likely) on the arm elbow area for detailed instrument deployment coverage. After instrument deployment, but during the first 60 days, they will use the navcam(s) to do a full panorama and other things like change detection (which might include clouds, dust devils etc.) . Then they go to reduced operations for the rest of the mission, only monitoring the instruments.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 06.07.2012 23:18:20
http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/space-missions/mer-updates/mer-update-2012-04.html есть о radio science в исполнении Opportunity, предполагается что это будет одной из основных задач для InSight.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 07.07.2012 00:59:04
http://discovery.nasa.gov/index.cfml

Comet Hopper (CHopper)
http://www.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=13071

Titan Mare Explorer (TiME)
http://www.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=12660&start=0
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: rozenfag от 21.08.2012 03:41:04
НАСА утвердило InSight как следующую миссию на Марс:

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/news/mars20120820.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: rozenfag от 21.08.2012 04:35:27
Ну и некоторые куски из пресс релиза:
ЦитатаПасадена, Калифорния. - НАСА выбрало новую миссию, планируемую к запуску в 2016, которая впервые исследует недра Марса для того чтобы определить, почему Красная планета, одна из планет земного типа в Солнечной системе, развивалась так отлично от Земли.

Новая миссия, названная InSight, доставит инструменты на поверхность Марса, чтобы выяснить является ли ядро Марса твердым или жидким, как у Земли, и почему кора Марса не поделена на дрейфующие тектонические плиты как на Земли. Подробное знание недр Марса в сравнении с Землёй поможет ученым лучше понять, как формировались и развивались планеты земной группы.

InSight возглавит У. Брюс Банердт в Лаборатории Реактивного движения НАСА в Пасадене, штат Калифорния. Научная команда InSight включает исследователей из США и других стран из университетов, промышленности и государственных учреждений. Французское космическое агентство CNES, и германский Аэрокосмический Центр предоставляют инструменты для InSight, который должен совершить посадку на Марс в сентябре 2016, чтобы начать двухлетнюю научную миссия.

InSight использует технологии, использовавшиеся в весьма успешной миссии Phoenix, которая была запущена к Красной Планете в 2007 году и обнаружила существование воды рядом с поверхностью в марсианских полярных регионах. Включив зарекомендовавшие себя в этой миссии технологии, команда InSight продемонстрировала, что концепция миссии малорискованна и может остаться в пределах ограниченного бюджета программы Discovery. Стоимость миссии, за исключением ракеты-носителя и сопутствующих услуг, оценивается на $425 млн долларов в ценах 2010 году.


InSight будет иметь четыре инструментов. JPL обеспечит встроенный геодезический инструмент для определения оси вращения планеты, и роботизированную руку и две камеры, используемые для развертывания и мониторинга инструментов на поверхности Марса. CNES возглавляет Международный консорциум, который строит прибор для измерения сейсмических волн, проходящих через недра Марса. Германский Аэрокосмический Центр создаёт подземных тепловой зонд для измерения потока тепла из недр.

Полный перевод тут -

http://translatedby.com/you/new-nasa-mission-to-take-first-look-deep-inside-mars/into-ru/

Переводил сам, в спешке, так что там коряво и не всегда верно передана суть.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 21.08.2012 07:31:40
Да, блин, выбрали самое простое но и неинтересное. И с Марсом явный перебор получается.

NASA анонсировало новую марсианскую миссию
ЦитатаНациональное аэрокосмическое агентство США объявило о планах отправить на Марс в 2016 году еще один аппарат, который займется исследованием ядра Красной планеты, сообщает Associated Press в понедельник, 20 августа.

В рамках новой исследовательской миссии, получившей название Insight ("Проницательность"), на Марс отправится аппарат, оснащенный двумя инструментами, разработанными французскими и немецкими специалистами. В рамках миссии, в частности, планируется получить данные о размере ядра Марса, его составе и температуре.

NASA выбирало из трех миссий - две другие предполагали отправку аппаратов для исследования Титана, спутника Сатурна, и одной из комет, двигающейся по приближенной к Солнцу орбите. Выбор в пользу Insight, пояснили представители агентства, был обусловлен относительно низкими финансовыми затратами на эту миссию, а также возможностью организовать ее в кратчайшие сроки. Стоимость Insight, как планируется, не превысит 425 миллионов долларов.

Руководить новой программой исследования Марса будет Лаборатория реактивного движения NASA (Jet Propulsion Lab) - отвечавшая за марсоход MSL Curiosity, совершивший успешную посадку на красную планету 6 августа 2012 года. В задачу "Кьюриосити", на который было потрачено около 2,5 миллиарда долларов, входит исследование марсианского грунта.

Решение NASA отправить еще одну миссию на Марс вызвало критику некоторых представителей научного сообщества. По их мнению, аэрокосмическое агентство слишком много внимания уделяет Марсу вместо того, чтобы исследовать другие части Солнечной системы. После 2001 года, когда NASA одобрила отправку на Плутон зонда New Horizons, все миссии агентства связаны с Марсом. Напомним, что New Horizons был запущен в 2006 году, к Плутону он должен приблизиться в феврале 2015 года.

NASA совместно с Европейским аэрокосмическим агентством (ESA) разрабатывало планы еще двух марсианских миссий, намеченных на 2016 и 2018 годы. Однако в 2011 году NASA объявило об отказе от этих миссий, сославшись на нехватку средств. Расходы NASA на две совместные с ESA миссии оценивались в 1,4 миллиарда долларов.
http://lenta.ru/news/2012/08/21/mars/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 21.08.2012 07:04:56
Мда, действительно хотелось Титан   ...вижу всем так хотелось. Но что поделать. Наверное все же лучше Марс чем комета, и уж точно лучше Марс чем ничего.
Вперед на Марс!!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 21.08.2012 07:11:47
New Insight on Mars Expected From New NASA Mission

ЦитатаPASADENA, Calif. - On Aug. 20, NASA announced the selection of InSight, a new Discovery-class mission that will probe Mars at new depths by looking into the deep interior of Mars.

"We are certainly excited, but our veterans on this team know the drill," said Tom Hoffman, project manager for InSight from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "Which is fortunate, because one of the great things we'll get to do on Mars is drill below the surface."

Drilling underneath the red Martian topsoil will be courtesy of InSight's HP3, or Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package - one of the four instruments the Mars lander will carry. Made by the German Aerospace Center, or DLR, HP3 will get below Mars' skin by literally pounding it into submission with a 14-inch (35-centimeter), hollowed-out, electromechanically-festooned stake called the Tractor Mole.

"The Tractor Mole has an internal hammer that rises and falls, moving the stake down in the soil and dragging a tether along behind it," said Sue Smrekar, deputy project scientist for InSight from JPL. "We're essentially doing the same thing any Boy or Girl Scout would do on a campout, but we're putting our stake down on Mars."

The German-built mole will descend up to 16 feet (five meters) below the surface, where its temperature sensors will record how much heat is coming from Mars' interior, which reveals the planet's thermal history.

"Getting well below the surface gets us away from the sun's influence and allows us to measure heat coming from the interior," said Smrekar. "InSight is going take heartbeat and vital signs of the Red Planet for an entire Martian year, two Earth years. We are really going to have an opportunity to understand the processes that control the early planetary formation."

InSight stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport. The mission is led by W. Bruce Banerdt of JPL. InSight's science team includes U.S. and international co-investigators from universities, industry and government agencies. Along with DLR, the French space agency Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, or CNES, is also contributing an instrument to the two-year scientific mission.

InSight builds on spacecraft technology used in NASA's highly successful Phoenix lander mission, which was launched to the Red Planet in 2007 and determined that water ice exists near the surface in the Martian polar regions.

Along with providing an onboard geodetic instrument to determine the planet's rotation axis, plus a robotic arm and two cameras used to deploy and monitor instruments on the Martian surface, JPL performs project management for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Discovery Program for the agency's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver will build the spacecraft. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

A web video about the Insight mission is online at: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/index.cfm?id=1121 . More information about InSight is at: http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov .

As a complement to NASA's larger "flagship" planetary science explorations, the Discovery Program goal is to achieve outstanding results by launching many smaller missions using fewer resources and shorter development times. The main objective is to enhance our understanding of the solar system by exploring the planets, their moons, and small bodies such as comets and asteroids. The program also seeks to improve performance through the use of new technology and broaden university and industry participation in NASA missions.
More information about the Discovery Program is at: http://discovery.nasa.gov .

http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/news/whatsnew/index.cfm?FuseAction=ShowNews&NewsID=1318
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 21.08.2012 08:15:14
(http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/insight/20120820/pia16078-640.jpg)

НАСА отправит на Марс буровую установку
ЦитатаМОСКВА, 21 авг - РИА Новости. Американское аэрокосмическое агентство НАСА выбрало победителя из трех предложенных малых миссий по исследованию Солнечной системы - финансирование в размере 425 миллионов долларов получит проект геофизической станции на Марсе, а планы создания зондов для исследования комет и Титана теперь отложены.

В мае 2011 года НАСА выбрало три проекта малых космических миссий (класса Discovery) из 28 заявок, поданных в июне 2010 года.

В числе трех финалистов была миссия Titan Mare Explorer (TiME), в рамках которой предполагалось посадить зонд на поверхность метан-этанового моря на Титане, спутнике Сатурна. Проект представляет Лаборатория прикладной физики Университета Джонса Хопкинса (JHUAPL), которая, в частности, управляет зондом "Мессенджер", первым искусственным спутником Меркурия.

Второй проект - зонд Comet Hopper - нацелен на изучение эволюции комет: разработчики проекта рассчитывают несколько раз посадить исследовательский зонд на поверхность ядра одной и той же кометы, чтобы понять, как оно изменяется, взаимодействуя с Солнцем.

Однако в итоге НАСА выбрало более надежную миссию - проект марсианской геофизической станции, которая будет изучать внутреннюю структуру Марса, его ядро и кору, измерять температуру в его недрах и сейсмическую активность.

Проект InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, ранее назывался Geophysical Monitoring Station - GEMS) предполагает запуск посадочного модуля на Марс, который изучит его внутреннее строение и состав.

Разработкой проекта занимается Лаборатория реактивного движения (JPL), которая также занимается действующими марсоходами "Спирит" и "Оппортьюнити", созданием и подготовкой к запуску марсохода Curiosity.

Зонд будет создан на базе уже проверенной платформы - на базе конструкции посадочного зонда "Феникс", который успешно работал в приполярных областях Марса.

На борту зонда будет установлен сейсмометр, который будет фиксировать все проявления сейсмической активности на планете, а также специальный геофизический термометр, предназначенный для высокоточных измерений колебаний подземного тепла. Датчик этого прибора будет находиться в скважине на глубине пять метров. Таким образом, этот зонд проникнет под поверхность планеты глубже всех прежних исследовательских аппаратов.

В создании этих приборов участвуют французские и германские ученые.

Кроме того, один из приборов зонда будет с высокой точностью отслеживать колебания во вращении планеты, что поможет ученым определить распределение массы в недрах планеты и лучше понять ее внутреннюю структуру.

Как ожидается, новый зонд отправится к Марсу в марте 2016 года и совершит посадку в сентябре того же года. Расчетный срок работы аппарата - 720 дней.

Программа Discovery, запущенная в 1992 году, предполагает использование для изучения Солнечной системы малых и относительно дешевых зондов, с одним-двумя научными приборами на борту. Стоимость таких миссий без учета стоимости запуска и обслуживания ограничена потолком в 425 миллионов долларов.

В рамках этой программы были созданы и запущены такие аппараты как космический телескоп "Кеплер", лунные зонды GRAIL, аппарат Dawn, зонд "Мессенджер" и многие другие.
http://ria.ru/science/20120821/727663885.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 21.08.2012 07:23:44
Ну и видео

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/video/index.cfm?id=1121

Закончили словами:  It's gonna be great mission.
Так что давайте дождемся этой грейт мишен, и не будем унывать, Титан подождет еще немножко  :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 21.08.2012 10:30:54
Я ставил на InSight! Проверенная платформа Феникса, электропитание от СБ. Будем надеяться, что миссия состоится в срок и переносов не последует.

По ссылке ниже - доклады с прошедшей в Техасе в марте 2012 г. 43-й Лунной и Планетарной научной конференции о концепции проекта, его научных инструментах и экспериментах.

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2012/pdf/sess642.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 21.08.2012 13:12:13
До Титана слишком уж долго лететь. :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Fordevind от 21.08.2012 15:50:36
Мне кажется, что НАСА поступила дальновидно выбрав именно миссию на Марс, т.к судя по всему все что дальше Венеры и Марса по срокам и стоимости лучше всего отправлять на ЭРД, прогресс которых вероятно после 2015 года позволит поставить на серию зонды к дальним планетам.
А сейчас делать такой зонд 5 лет и еще 5 ждать пока долетит .... , лучше уж вложить деньги на такой зонд в прогресс ЭРД и создать платформу на основе которой зонды будут делаться 2-3 года и лететь всего пару лет.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 21.08.2012 16:39:10
ЦитатаЧтобы повысить шансы зонда на выживание, его предполагается примарсить ближе к экватору, в районе Элизиум Планития
А, ну это значит сюда:

(http://www.membrana.ru/storage/img/1/1ko.jpg)

Южная часть огромного плоскогорья Elysium, участок с координатами 5 градусов северной широты и 150 градусов восточной долготы. Здесь найдена «равнина» размером 800 х 900 километров, покрытая паковым льдом.
http://www.membrana.ru/particle/415

Правильно, давно хотелось там копнуть!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Georgij от 21.08.2012 16:39:38
БРЕД, а ЭРД от чего питаться будет, от солнечных батарей?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 21.08.2012 20:33:48
ЦитатаДо Титана слишком уж долго лететь. :(

Зато куда интереснее! Спору нет, ИнСайд имеет очень большую научную ценность. Но, честно говоря, внутренности Марса могли бы и подождать. Куда интереснее было бы запустить хотя бы пару или четвёрку таких аппаратов, чтобы сеть развернуть. А это... ни то, ни сё. Я всё же надеялся на Титан. :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 21.08.2012 19:40:23
Цитатаэто... ни то, ни сё.
Если найдет лед, будет самое что ни на есть сё. Гораздо круче Курьеза, который льда точно не найдет.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ronatu от 22.08.2012 03:26:20
Цитата
Цитатаэто... ни то, ни сё.
Если найдет лед, будет самое что ни на есть сё. Гораздо круче Курьеза, который льда точно не найдет.

Как мне помниться правый снимок это Земля. Так? :wink:
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 21.08.2012 23:27:04
Вроде бы. Там для сравнения приведены два снимка, Марс и Антарктика, но где какой я не помню :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 22.08.2012 01:58:55
Цитата
Цитатаэто... ни то, ни сё.
Если найдет лед, будет самое что ни на есть сё. Гораздо круче Курьеза, который льда точно не найдет.

Ой, да ладно! Подождите, сейчас Курьёз бегать начнёт - тогда и посмотрим. И со льдом не торопитесь - DAN работает.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Dude от 22.08.2012 08:44:24
если ДАН найдет лёд, это будет ещё тот курьез, т.к. его там не ожидается. Ничего кроме связанной воды они не ждут.

Выбор приборов для Insight мне не понятен, имхо, идеальной парой для сейсмометра является георадар, а не детектор подземного тепла. Кроме того, непонятно почему они думают, что 5м будет достаточно. Местные геотермальные аномалии никто не отменял, что они так измерят непонятно.

Учитывая, что этот лендэр копия Феникса, с его разбросом посадки, то особый конфуз получится, если они сядут в относительно свежий засыпанный кратер.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 22.08.2012 12:49:19
Ему лучше метеокомплект, к сейсмометру. Ещё вариант - два субзонда, как у Полар Лэндера, сбрасываемые на этапе спуска на парашюте. Можно было бы развернуть локальную сейсмо- и метеосеть.

Георадар полезнее на ровере. С магнитометром вкупе.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest от 22.08.2012 12:53:38
Я очень разочарован. Так хотелось надеяться на Титан. И все-таки, с другой стороны, такая зацикленность на Марсе может означать серьезный настрой полететь туда однажды.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 22.08.2012 14:57:33
Полетим в любом случае не скоро. К тому же, имхо, для заявленных исследований одного аппарата мало. Нужна сеть.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Parf от 22.08.2012 13:41:14
ЦитатаБРЕД, а ЭРД от чего питаться будет, от солнечных батарей?

От ядерного реактора.

А бурение на Марсе - это очень интересно, хотя на глубине 5 м жизни нет - она, скорее всего, на километры закопалась. А ещё лет через 5 - даёшь возвращаемый аппарат!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 16:17:16
Хороший проект. Титан, конечно, тоже очень интересно, но пока Марс актуальнее.

ЦитатаВыбор приборов для Insight мне не понятен, имхо, идеальной парой для сейсмометра является георадар, а не детектор подземного тепла. Кроме того, непонятно почему они думают, что 5м будет достаточно. Местные геотермальные аномалии никто не отменял, что они так измерят непонятно.
Георадар - на неподвижной точке совершенно не работающий прибор, поэтому не нужен.
Не понятна их установка на измерение подземного теплового излучения стационарно в одной точке. Какую такую ценную научную информацию они надеются при этом получить?
ЦитатаЕму лучше метеокомплект, к сейсмометру. Ещё вариант - два субзонда, как у Полар Лэндера, сбрасываемые на этапе спуска на парашюте. Можно было бы развернуть локальную сейсмо- и метеосеть.

Георадар полезнее на ровере. С магнитометром вкупе
Метеокомплект будет видимо в любом случае.
Если запускать георадар на ровере, то сам по себе ровер - дорогое изделие и в $425 млн. они не уложаться. Кроме того, георадар на этой стадии - ещё рано.
С установкой магнитометра, предполагаю, есть технические сложности. Для того, чтобы обеспечить высокоточные измерения, (а именно они в данной ситуации имеют ценность), необходимо магнитометр защитить от всех влияний искусственных внешних электромагнитных полей: от ферримагнитных металлов ровера, от э/м полей работающего оборудования. Т.е. датчик магнитного поля надо выносить на отдельный не магнитный ровер, а это ещё дополнительно очень высокая стоимость.
Изучение магнитного поля интересно уже при изучении конкретной геологии участка, а это, по-моему, пока тоже не актуально.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 16:33:02
И ещё: основную ценность бурения на глубину 5 м. будет, конечно, хоть какое-то, пусть косвенное, изучение марсологии. А термоизмерения - это, хоть, что-то изучить, а это самое доступное - установить там термодатчик. Хотя, исследовать тепловое поле на глубине  - это вклад в подготовку строительства будущих подземных городов Марса.
Можно ещё датчик магнитного поля - влияния станции на него будут минимальны и изучать слабые вариации магнитного поля Марса. С ними же разместить и сейсмодатчик - на глубине дополнительная защита от внешних влияний - помех, типа ветра и микровибраций станции.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: dmdimon от 22.08.2012 16:34:37
ЦитатаА бурение на Марсе - это очень интересно!
Конечно! Сначала нефть найдут, там и демократия подтянется :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 22.08.2012 18:39:18
ЦитатаС установкой магнитометра, предполагаю, есть технические сложности. Для того, чтобы обеспечить высокоточные измерения, (а именно они в данной ситуации имеют ценность), необходимо магнитометр защитить от всех влияний искусственных внешних электромагнитных полей: от ферримагнитных металлов ровера, от э/м полей работающего оборудования. Т.е. датчик магнитного поля надо выносить на отдельный не магнитный ровер, а это ещё дополнительно очень высокая стоимость.

Магнитометр можно установить на конце длинного штыря, как у Лунохода-2. В конце концов, он может просто за ровером на кабеле волочиться.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 17:47:33
Цитата
ЦитатаС установкой магнитометра, предполагаю, есть технические сложности. Для того, чтобы обеспечить высокоточные измерения, (а именно они в данной ситуации имеют ценность), необходимо магнитометр защитить от всех влияний искусственных внешних электромагнитных полей: от ферримагнитных металлов ровера, от э/м полей работающего оборудования. Т.е. датчик магнитного поля надо выносить на отдельный не магнитный ровер, а это ещё дополнительно очень высокая стоимость.

Магнитометр можно установить на конце длинного штыря, как у Лунохода-2. В конце концов, он может просто за ровером на кабеле волочиться.
Может волочиться.
Вот стоимость ровера? Хватит ли $425 млн.?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 18:12:53
Если пойти дальше, то имеет большой смысл подумать о проведении комплекса каротажа в этой первой 5-метровой скважине. Тогда по данным этих геофизических исследований можно построить первую (!) геологическую колонку скважины с Марса.
В комплекс каротажа могут войти: методы индуктивной электроразведки, спектрометрия, магнитометрия,  радиометрия, термометрия и другие, те которые будут доступны по своей стоимости.

В принципе, не вижу ни каких проблем в создании такого автоматического комплекса. Это возможно.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Dude от 22.08.2012 19:48:33
ЦитатаГеорадар - на неподвижной точке совершенно не работающий прибор, поэтому не нужен.

Чушь, мы же там не трубу закопанную ищем. Георадар нужен для помощи,  уточнения, лучшей интерпретации данных сейсмометра.

вот к примеру Netstation GPR - может работать как сам, так и вместе с орбитальными радарами. А если прицепить к лендеру небольшой ровер на кабеле в 1-2км и оправить погулять, то можно будет и бистатический метод использовать.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/marsconcepts2012/pdf/4346.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 19:13:26
Цитата
ЦитатаГеорадар - на неподвижной точке совершенно не работающий прибор, поэтому не нужен.

Чушь, мы же там не трубу закопанную ищем. Георадар нужен для помощи,  уточнения, лучшей интерпретации данный сейсмометра.

вот к примеру Netstation GPR - может работать как сам, так и вместе с орбитальными радарами. А если прицепить к лендеру небольшой ровер на кабеле в 1-2км и оправить погулять, то можно будет и бистатический метод использовать.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/marsconcepts2012/pdf/4346.pdf
Я в течении нескольких лет работал и работаю сейчас с георадаром "Око-2". Мне надо внимательнее прочитать статью. Пока вызывает настороженное внимание. Отвечу позже.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 20:20:53
ЦитатаЧушь, мы же там не трубу закопанную ищем. Георадар нужен для помощи, уточнения, лучшей интерпретации данный сейсмометра.

вот к примеру Netstation GPR - может работать как сам, так и вместе с орбитальными радарами. А если прицепить к лендеру небольшой ровер на кабеле в 1-2км и оправить погулять, то можно будет и бистатический метод использовать.
В общем так. Кажется Вы неправильно иcтолковали слово "monostatic". Авторы имеют ввиду размещение и излучателя, и приемника на одном шасси, а не стационарные измерения, с неподвижной точки. То, что измерения будут вестись с ровера - это даже не оговаривается, считается, что это apriori само собой разумеющая часть проведения съемки.
Более подробно я расскажу о георадарах позднее, сейчас нет времени.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Dude от 22.08.2012 21:35:55
не надо ничего выдумывать, там всё доступно написано.

NetStation's antenna configuration enables it to conduct
full polarimetric investigations of the subsurface - transmitting
with single-, dual-, or right circular polarization and
receiving the H- and V- components (and their phase difference)
coherently - to calculate the four Stoke's parameters
and Circular Polarization Ration (CPR) in a manner
similar to the Mini-RF on the Lunar Reconnaisance Orbiter,
[1]. High CPR (>1) is a radar characterisitic of both very
rough surfaces and icy environments, a measurement that
has been used to identify the presence of ice in the permanently
shadowed regions of the Moon [2] and Mercury [3].
Such a technique, will greatly enhance NetStation's ability
to distinguish between high-porosity sediments and high
volume fraction subsurface deposits of water ice.
The antenna design also enables NetStation to conduct
monostatic 3-D investigations in a cone-shaped region beneath
the lander by 'steering' the radiation pattern of the
radar's transmitted pulse with phase adjustments of the four
monopole antennas. The magnitude and direction of the
propagation vector of the reflected signal can then determined
by the simultaneous measurement of the signal's
magnetic and electrical components - a capability demonstrated
in Antarctic field tests of the Netlander GPR prototype
[4, 5]. In this way, the number, depth, orientation, and
electromagnetic characteristics of reflectors beneath the
lander can be determined.

Although designed primarily as a monostatic instrument,
for operation from a fixed lander[/size], the NetStation GPR can
also be operated bistaticly, in conjunction with radar instruments
on other spacecraft.

речь идет об широкоизвестных NetLander'ах
http://smsc.cnes.fr/NETLANDER/index.htm
http://smsc.cnes.fr/NETLANDER/gpr.htm
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 20:51:56
Цитатаhe antenna design also enables NetStation to conduct
monostatic 3-D investigations in a cone-shaped region beneath
the lander by 'steering' the radiation pattern of the
radar's transmitted pulse with phase adjustments of the four
monopole antennas. The magnitude and direction of the
propagation vector of the reflected signal can then determined
by the simultaneous measurement of the signal's
magnetic and electrical components - a capability demonstrated
in Antarctic field tests of the Netlander GPR prototype
[4, 5]. In this way, the number, depth, orientation, and
electromagnetic characteristics of reflectors beneath the
lander can be determined.

Although designed primarily as a monostatic instrument,
for operation from a fixed lander[/size], the NetStation GPR can
also be operated bistaticly, in conjunction with radar instruments
on other spacecraft.

речь идет об широкоизвестных NetLander'ах
http://smsc.cnes.fr/NETLANDER/index.htm
http://smsc.cnes.fr/NETLANDER/gpr.htm
О таком типе георадаров узнал впервые. Ну, что ж, удачи в исследованиях.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vent от 22.08.2012 21:16:13
Хотя, думается, результаты с одной неподвижной точки будут скорее "туманными". Очевидно, что гораздо информативнее профильные наблюдения с ровера.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 31.08.2012 14:31:19
NASA selects DLR experiment for InSight mission to Mars
Цитата(http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/Portaldata/1/Resources/bilder/portal/portal_2012_4/scaled/hp3_l.jpg)

After the successful landing of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover, NASA has selected one more lander mission to Mars. The InSight mission will reach Mars in September 2016, after a six-month journey; it has been designed to take a 'look' into the deep interior of the Red Planet; it will do this with geophysical experiments including DLR's HP3, which will penetrate several metres into the Martian subsurface to measure the soil's thermo-physical and electrical properties.

"The selection of the mission InSight by NASA demonstrates the importance of exploring our planetary neighbour. I am very pleased that DLR can contribute with their own experiment on this lander to unveiling the mysteries of the Red Planet," said Johann-Dietrich W
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 02.09.2012 13:28:53
http://www.spacenews.com/civil/120820-mars-lander-discovery.html
ЦитатаInSight is now the last Mars surface mission in NASA's budget. The U.S. space agency currently is planning two other Mars missions but both are orbiters.

The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution, or Maven, mission, managed by Goddard, is scheduled to launch late next year. Then, no sooner than 2018, NASA will look to launch its Mars Next Decade mission. The orbiter, which has yet to be designed, is intended to fill a void created by NASA's withdrawal from the European-led Mars sample-collection  campaign known as ExoMars.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Космос-3794 от 12.12.2012 19:40:00
CNES профинансирует и изготовит сейсмометр для миссии InSight:
 
Цитата The French space agency, CNES, on Dec. 11 said its board of directors has approved a $42 million investment to provide a seismometer for NASA's InSight probe, to be launched to the surface of Mars in 2016.
In cooperation with other European laboratories, CNES will provide the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structures (SEIS) seismometer. InSight will deploy a probe to the martian surface to study Mars' geology and internal structure.
Measuring Mars' seismic activity is a principal goal of the mission, which will attempt to measure Mars' internal temperatures and their variation. InSight is designed to operate for two Earth years, equivalent to one Mars year.
In addition to France, institutes in Germany, Switzerland and Britain and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California collaborated on the development of SEIS.
CNES and French laboratories also contributed to two instruments onboard NASA's Curiosity rover, which landed on Mars in August.


CNES To Build Seismometer for NASA's Mars InSight Mission (http://www.spacenews.com/article/cnes-to-build-seismometer-for-nasa%E2%80%99s-mars-insight-mission#.UMiWroM3bQI)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 10.03.2013 17:36:02
http://smsc.cnes.fr/INSIGHT/

http://smsc.cnes.fr/IcINSIGHT/films/InSight_SV_FINAL-1280.mov 330 мегабайт!

(http://smsc.cnes.fr/IcINSIGHT/photos/instruments/insight20120820-full.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 01.04.2013 21:09:55
InSight mission to find what lies beneath Martian surface

Posted: March 30, 2013
 
 HOUSTON -- NASA's next Mars lander will launch in 2016 to take the red planet's pulse and temperature, listening for tremors, measuring underground heat and monitoring the wobble in its rotation to answer fundamental questions about what lies beneath the desert world's rust-colored surface.
 (http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n1303/30insight/insight.jpg)
 [SIZE=-2]Artist's concept of the InSight lander with its seismometer and heat probe drill deployed on the Martian surface. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech[/SIZE]
 
 Scientists expect the answers to help their understanding of how planets like Earth and Mars coalesced and evolved after the birth of the solar system, according to Bruce Banerdt, principal investigator for the InSight lander due to launch in March 2016.
"The InSight mission is a geophysical mission to Mars," Banerdt said. "It's going to go to Mars and take its vital signs. It's going to take its heartbeat - the seismic activity of the planet. It's going to take its temperature by measuring the thermal gradient of its surface, which tells us how much heat is coming out. And it's going to measure its reflexes by looking at how its rotation wobbles with the tidal effects of the sun."
Based on a proven lander design successfully demonstrated by NASA's Phoenix mission in 2008, the InSight spacecraft will make a rocket-assisted touchdown in a region named Elysium Planitia, a broad equatorial plain dotted with extinct volcanoes.
"It's very flat," Banerdt said. "There are lava flows nearby, and we have already picked out landing ellipses around the flow."
 
Banerdt is a researcher based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.
Teams identified 16 potential landing zones around the western side of Elysium Planitia. All of the ellipse-shaped landing site candidates meet the lander's engineering constraints, which stipulate an area of sufficiently low altitude to allow the spacecraft to safely make a parachute- and rocket-assisted descent.
InSight also needs a flat landing area free of large rocks with penetrable soil to a depth of at least 5 meters, or about 15 feet. The mission's two main instruments, a seismometer and drilling heat probe, require a site with soft rock-free soil.
According to a presentation by Matt Golombek, a geologist at JPL, the list of 16 candidate landing sites will be whittled down to and a half-dozen locations by the end of this year. Officials will sel ect two or three finalists by the end of 2014, ultimately leading to a final decision on InSight's destination by the end of 2015.
A high-resolution camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will take detailed photos of each landing ellipse throughout the process, looking for hazards such as steep slopes and boulder fields.
Unlike NASA's Curiosity rover, which targeted a science-rich landing site on the flank of a three-mile-high mountain, InSight's landing site will be sel ected based solely on engineering and safety considerations.
The three-legged InSight lander, built by Lockheed Martin Corp., will set down on Mars in September 2016, starting a surface mission expected to last at least two years.
InSight was sel ected by NASA in August as the next project in the agency's Discovery program, which fields planetary exploration missions on tightly-controlled budgets. InSight's cost to NASA is capped at $425 million, excluding launch vehicle costs.
Engineers know the capabilities and limits of the Phoenix lander system, which was originally designed for a mission that was supposed to launch in 2001. The 2001 lander, named Surveyor, was canceled in the wake of the back-to-back failures of NASA's Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander missions in 1998.
The understanding will keep InSight's costs under control and simplify the mission's development, Banerdt said.
The stationary lander design, with its roots in the late 1990s, showed exemplary performance during the Phoenix mission, which launched in 2007 and touched down on the red planet's northern polar plains in May 2008.
The biggest change fr om the Phoenix spacecraft to InSight is a suite of new instruments. Instead of analyzing soil and scouring the surface for signs of ice, as Phoenix did, the InSight mission will deploy a seismometer to make the first direct measurements of Mars quakes. The lander will also employ a hammering drill to burrow up to 15 feet underground, taking temperature readings to measure heat changes at different layers immediately beneath the Martian surface.
The French space agency, CNES, is providing InSight's $42 million seismometer. Germany is funding the lander's underground heat probe.
Scientists will also analyze radio signals bouncing between Earth and the InSight spacecraft, detecting tiny wobbles in the red planet's rotation, revealing properties of the Martian core.
 (http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n1303/30insight/mars_interior.jpg)
 [SIZE=-2]Artist's concept of the interior of Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech[/SIZE]
 
 All the investigations have the objective of telling scientists about the interior of Mars. Banerdt said researchers can take that information a step further, comparing InSight's findings with what is known about Earth and the moon to paint a clearer picture of how the solar system's rocky planets formed and cooled.
"Mars is kind of the Goldilocks planet," Banerdt said. "It's not too big, it's not too small, it's just right. If it was too big, it would have retained a lot of activity and erased all the evidence that we're looking for. If it was too small, it never would have undergone the same processes that formed the Earth."
Among others, InSight will address questions such as:
    [/li]
  • Does Mars have a liquid or solid core?
  • What is the size of the Martian core?
  • How thick is the Martian crust?
  • How common are Mars quakes?
  • What is the composition of the Martian mantle?
  • How often do meteorites strike the Martian surface?
Up to now, Banerdt said, scientists could only guess answers to such questions.
"We are missing cold, hard data, and this is what this mission will provide," said Suzanne Smrekar, InSight's deputy principal investigator based at JPL.
"We've done a lot of exploring on the surface of Mars, and we have missions coming up to study the atmosphere," Banerdt said, referring to a pair of upcoming spacecraft - NASA's MAVEN mission and Europe's Trace Gas Orbiter - focused on the Martian atmosphere.
MAVEN will launch in November, and the Trace Gas Orbiter is scheduled to launch in January 2016, two months before InSight.
"But when it comes to what's below the surface of Mars, we don't understand as much," Banerdt said. "We are plugging that last big hole in the basic understanding of Mars."
Don't expect InSight to produce color panoramic images like the Curiosity rover. The lander will carry a set of black-and-white cameras, utilizing spares left over fr om NASA's rover missions to save money, according to Banerdt.
The cameras will monitor movements of the lander's robotic arm as it picks up the seismometer and drill instruments fr om the spacecraft's payload deck and places the devices on the Martian surface.
http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n1303/30insight/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Bizonich от 01.04.2013 21:31:50
Цитатаinstml пишет:
 http://smsc.cnes.fr/INSIGHT/
Старт 03.2016, посадка 09.2016.  :o   Новые горизонты 13 месяцев до Юпитера летел, а он flyby. Что за тирьямпампация, на чем он летит? Как такое возможно?
Блин, простите перекрыло меня что-то, решил что на Европу, офигел от такой новости. Сообщение не убираю, чтоб вспоминать свою глупость. Не пил, вот что самое странное.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 05.09.2013 01:18:51
Около Curiosity собираются садиться.

NASA Evaluates Four Candidate Sites for 2016 Mars Mission

Sept 4, 2013

(http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/673xvariable_height/public/pia17357_1.jpg)

NASA has narrowed to four the number of potential landing sites for the agency's next mission to the surface of Mars, a 2016 lander to study the planet's interior.

The stationary Interior Exploration Using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander is scheduled to launch in March 2016 and land on Mars six months later. It will touch down at one of four sites sel ected in August from a field of 22 candidates. All four semi-finalist spots lie near each other on an equatorial plain in an area of Mars called Elysium Planitia.

"We picked four sites that look safest," said geologist Matt Golombek of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.  Golombek is leading the site-selection process for InSight. "They have mostly smooth terrain, few rocks and very little slope."

Scientists will focus two of NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter cameras on the semi-finalists in the coming months to gain data they will use to sel ect the best of the four sites well before InSight is launched.

The mission will investigate processes that formed and shaped Mars and will help scientists better understand the evolution of our inner solar system's rocky planets, including Earth. Unlike previous Mars landings, what is on the surface in the area matters little in the choice of a site except for safety considerations.

"This mission's science goals are not related to any specific location on Mars because we're studying the planet as a whole, down to its core," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL. "Mission safety and survival are what drive our criteria for a landing site."

Each semifinalist site is an ellipse measuring 81 miles (130 kilometers) from east to west and 17 miles (27 kilometers) from north to south. Engineers calculate the spacecraft will have a 99-percent chance of landing within that ellipse, if targeted for the center.

Elysium is one of three areas on Mars that meet two basic engineering constraints for InSight. One requirement is being close enough to the equator for the lander's solar array to have adequate power at all times of the year. Also, the elevation must be low enough to have sufficient atmosphere above the site for a safe landing.  The spacecraft will use the atmosphere for deceleration during descent.

All four semifinalist sites, as well as the rest of the 22 candidate sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia. The only other two areas of Mars meeting the requirements of being near the equator at low elevation, Isidis Planitia and Valles Marineris, are too rocky and windy. Valles Marineris also lacks any swath of flat ground large enough for a safe landing.

InSight also needs penetrable ground, so it can deploy a heat-flow probe that will hammer itself 3 yards to 5 yards into the surface to monitor heat coming fr om the planet's interior. This tool can penetrate through broken-up surface material or soil, but could be foiled by solid bedrock or large rocks.

"For this mission, we needed to look below the surface to evaluate candidate landing sites," Golombek said.

InSight's heat probe must penetrate the ground to the needed depth, so scientists studied Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter images of large rocks near Martian craters formed by asteroid impacts. Impacts excavate rocks fr om the subsurface, so by looking in the area surrounding craters, the scientists could tell if the subsurface would have probe-blocking rocks lurking beneath the soil surface.

InSight also will deploy a seismometer on the surface and will use its radio for scientific measurements.

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/news/insight20130904.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 05.09.2013 01:48:43
Уууу... одни и те же места. Лучше бы на Фарсиде или в долинах Маринера. :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Вал от 05.09.2013 03:49:05
Цитатаpkl пишет:
Уууу... одни и те же места. Лучше бы на Фарсиде или в долинах Маринера.  :(
В тексте есть ключевая фраза: "...мы выбрали четыре _безопасных_ места..."
"искать ключ под фонарем"  :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 05.09.2013 12:40:23
ЦитатаEach semifinalist site is an ellipse measuring 81 miles (130 kilometers) from east to west and 17 miles (27 kilometers) from north to south.
И где же эти эллипсы? Нарисовали кружочек диаметром ок. 180 км с центром ок. 3N:136E - и всё. А между тем чуть правее, на 5N:150E, целое "замерзшее море" (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/ESA_s_Mars_Express_sees_signs_of_a_frozen_sea)!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Вал от 05.09.2013 09:03:43
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
ЦитатаEach semifinalist site is an ellipse measuring 81 miles (130 kilometers) from east to west and 17 miles (27 kilometers) from north to south.
И где же эти эллипсы? Нарисовали кружочек диаметром ок. 180 км с центром ок. 3N:136E - и всё. А между тем чуть правее, на 5N:150E, целое "замерзшее море" (http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/ESA_s_Mars_Express_sees_signs_of_a_frozen_sea) !
Я вот все думаю, почему ни один из марсоходов не снарядили закладными взрывными устройствами? Ведь как было бы хорошо, к примеру, в подобном месте, оставить небольшую мину, отъехать подорвать и вот тебе -  вскрытие пород :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 21.12.2013 02:53:11
Запускать будут из Ванденберга :o на Атлас-5-401.

Mars lander to launch from California on Atlas 5 in 2016

NASA's InSight lander will launch to Mars in March 2016 aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, officials announced Thursday.

The launch will mark the first interplanetary mission to lift off from America's West Coast space base about 140 miles northwest of Los Angeles. InSight will take off from Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg, the West Coast home of ULA's Atlas 5 rocket.

"We could not be more honored that NASA has sel ected ULA to launch the InSight mission, which will be landing on the surface of Mars," said Jim Sponnick, ULA's vice president of Atlas and Delta programs. "This mission will be the eighth mission to Mars that ULA vehicles have launched since 2001, including Mars Science Lab and most recently MAVEN."

According to NASA, the total cost for the launch of InSight is approximately $160 million, including spacecraft processing, payload integration, tracking, data and telemetry and other launch support requirements.

The Atlas 5 rocket for InSight will launch in the "401" configuration with a four-meter payload fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage.

All of NASA's probes to other planets have launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., but the specifics of the InSight spacecraft gave officials flexibility in choosing the launch site, according to mission managers.

The InSight spacecraft is based on the Phoenix lander launched to the red planet in 2007. Phoenix was sized to fly on the smaller Delta 2 rocket, meaning an Atlas 5 has plenty of power to dispatch InSight to Mars from Florida or California.

Vandenberg typically hosts launches with Earth observation payloads heading for polar orbits.

"With 42 successful missions spanning more than a decade of operational service, the commercially developed Atlas 5 has the performance capability and the reliability required for this high-value NASA mission," Sponnick said in a statement.

NASA has considered launching Mars missions from California in the past. The agency's Mars Odyssey mission launched in 2001 was initially assigned to lift off from Vandenberg before its launch site was switched to Cape Canaveral.

The Atlas 5 launch manifest in Florida is busier than in California, so the selection of Vandenberg as InSight's launch base may reduce impacts to other ULA missions.

The three-legged InSight lander, built by Lockheed Martin Corp., will set down on Mars in September 2016, starting a surface mission expected to last at least two years.

The InSight mission will deploy a seismometer to make the first direct measurements of Mars quakes. The lander will also employ a hammering drill to burrow up to 15 feet underground, taking temperature readings to measure heat changes at different layers immediately beneath the Martian surface.

The French space agency, CNES, is providing InSight's $42 million seismometer. Germany is funding the lander's underground heat probe.

Scientists will also analyze radio signals bouncing between Earth and the InSight spacecraft, detecting tiny wobbles in the red planet's rotation, revealing properties of the Martian core.

All the investigations have the objective of telling scientists about the interior of Mars.

Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said researchers can take that information a step further, comparing InSight's findings with what is known about Earth and the moon to paint a clearer picture of how the solar system's rocky planets formed and cooled.

InSight stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport.

NASA selected InSight in August 2012 as the next mission in the agency's Discovery program, which funds planetary exploration missions on relatively low budgets.

According to Banerdt, InSight's cost is projected to be approximately $480 million, excluding launch services and contributions fr om international partners in France and Germany.

http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n1312/19insight/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 21.12.2013 02:22:34
Да уж, оттуда к Марсу еще не летали!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Alex_II от 21.12.2013 17:47:37
ЦитатаВал пишет:
Ведь как было бы хорошо, к примеру, в подобном месте, оставить небольшую мину, отъехать подорвать и вот тебе - вскрытие пород
И комплект сейсмодатчиков. Может даже многоразовых... Уже любопытно было бы...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 21.12.2013 18:07:44
А если нам запустить "Протоном" тяжёлый зонд-ударник? Мегаимпактор а-ля Дип Импакт? Или Мега-Луна-2. Я серьёзно - "Протон" нам разгонит этот искусственный метеорит, а потом он врежется в Марс в нужное место в нужное время. Для уточнения параметров столкновения можно установить камеру и радар с прямой трансляцией. + наблюдение с орбитальных зондов. Дёшево и сердито!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: G.K. от 21.12.2013 17:23:38
Цитатаpkl пишет:
Дёшево и сердито!
Щас придёт SOE и скажет, что вы "космический вандал"
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: pkl от 22.12.2013 01:27:54
Пусть создателям LCROSS это скажет. Идея реально красива! Подобным макаром можно и Венеру зондировать, и Европу /спутник Юпитера 8) /.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 06.04.2014 21:35:56
Немного из истории марсианской сейсмологии.

 
ЦитатаПервые сейсмические наблюдения на Марсе были проведены в конце 70-х годов прошлого столетия, когда на поверхности Красной планеты совершили посадку два аппарата «Викинг» с сейсмическими станциями на борту. Сейсмологи надеялись оценить фон микросейсм, зарегистрировать местные, а если повезет, то и далекие марсотрясения, изучить особенности волновой картины. Это позволило бы установить, на что больше похож Марс − на Землю (где бывают четкие вступления волн от границ разделов) или на Луну (где сейсмограмма имеет большую длительность, а в интерференции трудно выделить фазы, соответствующие отдельным границам). Первый сейсмометр, совершивший посадку на равнине Хриса, не распаковался и не включил питание. Зато второй − на равнине Утопия − работал в течение 19 земных месяцев, с 4 сентября 1976 г по 3 апреля 1978 г. Однако, в одной точке, за полтора года, при сильном ветре выполнить эти задачи оказалось непросто, результаты получены минимальные, но даже они позволяют сделать далеко идущие выводы.
Сейсмометр вел регистрацию на плоской, каменистой равнине усеянной камнями разной величины и формы и покрытой тонкодисперсным слоем реголита. Опоры «Викинга 2» углубились в грунт на несколько сантиметров, аппарат (по данным наклономера) стоял неровно и покачивался под порывами ветра. Собственно прибор располагался над одной из опор на высоте 1 м от поверхности. Сейсмическая станция включала в себя трехкомпонентный сейсмометр, усилители, фильтры, магнитную память, автоматику для выделения, сжатия во времени, калибровки и передачи сигнала на Землю. Размер станции 12 × 12 × 15 см, вес 2,2 кг, потребляемая мощность − 3,5 Вт. Сейсмометры − электродинамические приборы, настроенные на регистрацию скорости смещения, их резонансная частота 4 Гц, затухание 0.6, частотный диапазон регистрации 0,1−10 Гц, максимальное увеличение тракта 218000 (на частоте 3 Гц), минимально различимый сигнал - 2 мкм на 3 Гц и 10 мкм на 1 Гц. Марсианский сейсмометр был в 70 раз «грубее» лунного, его чувствительность соответствует фону микросейсм при тихой погоде на Земле. Первая сейсмограмма с Марса была передана 4 сентября 1976 г. В момент включения сейсмометра на Земле было 00 ч 53 мин 01 с по Гринвичу − миг рождения марсианской сейсмологии. Первые 62 марсианских дня наблюдения шли 6 дневными сериями в разных режимах. Когда Марс на 40 дней зашел за Солнце, регистрация велась в ждущем режиме. Передача на Землю сначала шла каждые сутки, в дальнейшем − дважды в неделю. Порывы ветра фиксировались независимо метеоприборами и сейсмометрами, их можно было сравнивать.
Основной источник микросейсм на Марсе − ветер. Отмечены суточные и сезонные вариации направления и скорости ветра марсианским летом. Первые 60 суток наблюдений самыми тихими были ночные часы с 18 ч (2 ч после захода Солнца) до 4 утра, скорость ветра не превышала 1−2 м/с (она фиксировалась только метеодатчиками - порог сейсмической чувствительности составил 3 м/с). С восходом Солнца ветровые эффекты усиливались, порывы длились 1−3 мин, создавая помехи, между ними на 10−50 мин устанавливалось затишье. Ветреная погода на равнине Утопия преобладала все полтора года сейсмических наблюдений, лишь около 3 месяцев в сумме были тихими. На 12-е марсианские сутки была получена сейсмограмма импульсного вида, потом на 23-е, 42-е, 49-е и так вплоть до заветного 80-го дня − 6 ноября 1976 г. Восемь «кандидатов» претендовали на то, чтобы представлять марсианскую сейсмичность, и лишь одна запись выдержала «экзамен» − остальные не «пропустили» метеоданные (сейсмические импульсы пришлись на сильные порывы ветра). И хотя 6 ноября метеодатчик не работал, так что независимых измерений скорости ветра не было, сейсмологи единодушно решили, что эта запись - марсотрясение.

(http://f16.ifotki.info/org/2354d32c5173d4ce168b52e5f45fa2e84f6f23179464809.jpg)

Оснований для такого вывода несколько. Во-первых, событие произошло ранним утром (в 3:00), когда обычно было безветренно. Во-вторых, вступление имело довольно высокую частоту (4,8 Гц), тогда как у ветровых импульсов она не превышала 3,0−3,9 Гц. А главное, вид сигнала, его изменение во времени очень напоминали записи, полученные в южной Калифорнии с аппаратурой «Викинг» во время ее «тренировки» на Земле. Одна из таких записей - запись афтершока землетрясения в Сан-Фернандо (1971 г.) магнитудой 3,0 на расстоянии 65 км. Другая - запись химического взрыва (102 т.) в карьере Корона (эквивалентная магнитуде 2,5) на удалении 69 км. Из этой уникальной марсианской записи удалось «выудить» вступления продольной и − через 13 с − поперечной волны. Если в качестве первого приближения считать, что в марсианской коре волны бегут с той же скоростью, что и в земной, и что сейсмический толчок произошел вблизи поверхности, можно определить эпицентральное расстояние - 110 км. Измеренная амплитуда поперечной волны соответствует магнитуде в очаге 2,8 по шкале Рихтера, если действительно рассеяние и поглощение волн в марсианской коре похожи на земные. На записи вертикального прибора вслед за интенсивной поперечной волной отчетливо видны еще два вступления, запаздывающие на 10 с. Если считать, что поперечная волна бежит со скоростью 3,5 км/с, то эти особенности записи могут быть объяснены двукратным отражением от границы на глубине порядка 15 км. Что это за граница? Соответствует ли она земной границе Мохо - разделу между корой и мантией? Ведь на карте, построенной по гравитационным аномалиям Буге в предположении, что средняя мощность коры Марса 40 км, а перепад плотности между корой и мантией 0,6 г/см3, региону равнины Утопия соответствуют глубины границы порядка 15−20 км. Но поскольку запись единственная, такое заключение неоднозначно. Даже для Луны, для которой сейсмограмм имеется гораздо больше, природа границы в коре еще не объяснена.
По (единственной) записи марсотрясения удалось сделать первые оценки сейсмической активности Марса. На Земле происходит ежегодно 45 землетрясений с магнитудой 6,5. Если бы Марс был так же активен, как Земля, то, учитывая его меньшие размеры, ежегодно можно было бы ожидать 13 таких толчков, в среднем по одному в месяц. Однако, за три месяца их замечено не было, зафиксировано всего одно событие с магнитудой около трех. Это достаточное основание заключить, что либо Марс сейсмически пассивнее Земли, либо равнина Утопия (и вообще «океаническая» половина планеты) асейсмична. Из общих соображений и аналогии с Землей именно так и должно быть, т.е. сейсмически более интересными на Марсе оказываются континентальные, особенно − вулканические, регионы. Туда-то и направятся будущие сейсмические экспедиции. И когда удастся поставить сейсмометры непосредственно на грунт (а то и заглубить в него), чувствительность приборов возрастет на два-три порядка, так что даже за такое краткое сейсмическое «дежурство» удастся получить более выразительную картину местной сейсмичности.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Mark от 08.04.2014 23:00:05
InSight Mission - Animation of Spacecraft
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VVKyYhwfBk (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VVKyYhwfBk)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Mark от 08.04.2014 23:09:34
На InSight будет Франция и тоже Германски сеисмометр SEIS: 

ЦитатаКосмическое агентство NASA США и французского космического агентства CNES (центра национального d ' космических исследований) совместно работают над следующей миссии Марс. Глава НАСА Чарльз Болден и президент КНЕС, Жан-Ив Ле желчного, подписали соответствующее соглашение в отеле Вашингтон в понедельник (по местному времени).
Космическое агентство NASA США и французского космического агентства CNES (центра национального d ' космических исследований) совместно работают над следующей миссии Марс. Глава НАСА Чарльз Болден и президент КНЕС, Жан-Ив Ле желчного, подписали соответствующее соглашение в отеле Вашингтон в понедельник (10.02.2014)

http://derstandard.at/1389859963445/USA-und-Frankreich-planen-an-gemeinsamer-Mars-Mission-fuer-2016 (http://derstandard.at/1389859963445/USA-und-Frankreich-planen-an-gemeinsamer-Mars-Mission-fuer-2016)
http://www.mps.mpg.de/315819/Insight_SEIS (http://www.mps.mpg.de/315819/Insight_SEIS)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 20.05.2014 09:46:00
Construction to Begin on 2016 NASA Mars Lander
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2014-156

ЦитатаNASA and its international partners now have the go-ahead to begin construction on a new Mars lander, after it completed a successful Mission Critical Design Review on Friday.

NASA's Interior Exploration Using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission will pierce beneath the Martian surface to study its interior. The mission will investigate how Earth-like planets formed and developed their layered inner structure of core, mantle and crust, and will collect information about those interior zones using instruments never before used on Mars.

InSight will launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base, on the central California coast near Lompoc, in March 2016. This will be the first interplanetary mission ever to launch from California. The mission will help inform the agency's goal of sending a human mission to Mars in the 2030s.

InSight team leaders presented mission design results last week to a NASA review board, which then gave approval for advancing to the next stage of preparation.

"Our partners across the globe have made significant progress in getting to this point and are fully prepared to deliver their hardware to system integration starting this November, which is the next major milestone for the project," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. "We now move from doing the design and analysis to building and testing the hardware and software that will get us to Mars and collect the science that we need to achieve mission success."

To investigate the planet's interior, the stationary lander will carry a robotic arm that will deploy surface and burrowing instruments contributed by France and Germany. The national space agencies of France and Germany -- Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) -- are partnering with NASA by providing InSight's two main science instruments.

The Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) will be built by CNES in partnership with DLR and the space agencies of Switzerland and the United Kingdom. It will measure waves of ground motion carried through the interior of the planet, from "marsquakes" and meteor impacts. The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, from DLR, will measure heat coming toward the surface from the planet's interior.

"Mars actually offers an advantage over Earth itself for understanding how habitable planetary surfaces can form," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator from JPL. "Both planets underwent the same early processes. But Mars, being smaller, cooled faster and became less active while Earth kept churning. So Mars better preserves the evidence about the early stages of rocky planets' development."

The three-legged lander will go to a site near the Martian equator and provide information for a planned mission length of 720 days -- about two years. InSight adapts a design from the successful NASA Phoenix Mars Lander, which examined ice and soil on far-northern Mars in 2008.

"We will incorporate many features from our Phoenix spacecraft into InSight, but the differences between the missions require some differences in the InSight spacecraft," said InSight Program Manager Stu Spath of Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Denver. "For example, the InSight mission duration is 630 days longer than Phoenix, which means the lander will have to endure a wider range of environmental conditions on the surface."

Guided by images of the surroundings taken by the lander, InSight's robotic arm will place the seismometer on the surface and then place a protective covering over it to minimize effects of wind and temperature on the sensitive instrument. The arm will also put the heat-flow probe in position to hammer itself into the ground to a depth of 3 to 5 yards, or meters.

Another experiment will use the radio link between InSight and NASA's Deep Space Network antennas on Earth to precisely measure a wobble in Mars' rotation that could reveal whether Mars has a molten or solid core. Wind and temperature sensors from Spain's Centro de Astrobiologia and a pressure sensor will monitor weather at the landing site, and a magnetometer will measure magnetic disturbances caused by the Martian ionosphere.

InSight's international science team is made up of researchers from Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program of competitively selected missions. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Discovery Program. Lockheed Martin will build the lander and other parts of the spacecraft at its Littleton, Colorado, facility near Denver.
------
NASA JPL | May 19, 2014
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 01.06.2014 12:38:14
Презентация (http://mepag.jpl.nasa.gov/meeting/2014-05/17_Golombek%20MEPAG%20InSight.pdf) о текущем состоянии миссии Insight: разработка приборов, изучение района посадки и планирование.

(http://f16.ifotki.info/org/91c755de5384e42253ef6d6de931cc6f5fdd19184272010.jpg)
По итогам съемки HiRISE число возможных посадочных эллипсов сократилось до 4, окончательный выбор будет сделан в ноябре 2015 года.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 17.11.2014 21:13:16
Next NASA Mission to Mars Reaches Development Milestone
http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/insight/next-nasa-mission-to-mars-reaches-development-milestone/

ЦитатаNASA's InSight mission has begun the assembly, test and launch operations (ATLO) phase of its development, on track for a March 2016 launch to Mars.

The lander, its aeroshell and cruise stage are being assembled by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

"Reaching this stage that we call ATLO is a critical milestone," said InSight Project Manager Tom Hoffman at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. "This is a very satisfying point of the mission as we transition from many teams working on their individual elements to integrating these elements into a functioning system. The subsystems are coming from all over the globe, and the ATLO team works to integrate them into the flight vehicle. We will then move rapidly to rigorous testing when the spacecraft has been assembled, and then to the launch preparations."

Over the next six months, technicians at Lockheed Martin will add subsystems such as avionics, power, telecomm, mechanisms, thermal systems and navigation systems onto the spacecraft. The propulsion system was installed earlier this year on the lander's main structure.

"The InSight mission is a mix of tried-and-true and new-and-exciting. The spacecraft has a lot of heritage from Phoenix and even back to the Viking landers, but the science has never been done before at Mars," said Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space Systems. "Physically, InSight looks a lot like the Phoenix lander we built, but most of the electronic components are similar to what is currently flying on the MAVEN spacecraft."

InSight stands for "Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport," and it is more than a Mars mission. This NASA Discovery-class mission is a terrestrial planet explorer that will address one of the most fundamental issues of planetary and solar system science: understanding the processes that shaped the rocky planets of the inner solar system (including Earth) more than four billion years ago.

To investigate the planet's interior, the stationary lander will carry a robotic arm that will deploy surface and burrowing instruments contributed by France and Germany. The national space agencies of France and Germany -- Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), respectively -- are partnering with NASA by providing InSight's two main science instruments.

The Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) will be built by CNES in partnership with DLR and the space agencies of Switzerland and the United Kingdom. It will measure waves of ground motion carried through the interior of the planet, from "marsquakes" and meteor impacts. The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, from DLR, will measure heat coming toward the surface from the planet's interior.

Guided by images of the surroundings taken by the lander, InSight's robotic arm will place the seismometer on the surface and then place a protective covering over it to minimize effects of wind and temperature on the sensitive instrument. The arm will also put the heat-flow probe in position to hammer itself into the ground to a depth of 3 to 5 yards, or meters.

Another experiment will use the radio link between InSight and NASA's Deep Space Network antennas on Earth to measure precisely a wobble in Mars' rotation that could reveal whether the planet has a molten or solid core. Wind and temperature sensors from Spain's Centro de Astrobiologia and a pressure sensor will monitor weather at the landing site, and a magnetometer will measure magnetic disturbances caused by the Martian ionosphere.

The InSight mission is led by JPL's Bruce Banerdt. It is part of NASA's Discovery Program of competitively sel ected, cost-capped missions. Its international science team combines researchers fr om Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Discovery Program. Lockheed Martin is building the lander and other parts of the spacecraft near Denver.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/50287)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 05.03.2015 09:29:08
Остался год до запуска.
Уже определились с районом посадки.

Single Site on Mars Advanced for 2016 NASA Lander
http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/insight/single-site-on-mars-advanced-for-2016-nasa-lander/

Цитата(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/53349)

This map shows the single area under continuing evaluation as the InSight mission's Mars landing site, as of a year before the mission's May 2016 launch.  The finalist ellipse marked within the northern portion of flat-lying Elysium Planitia is centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 136 degrees east longitude.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Quoondо от 05.03.2015 13:19:19
Главное чтобы у американцев не произошло как в 1998-ом(((
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 07.03.2015 01:45:42
http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/missions/solar-system/insights-robotic-arm-undergoes-testing-instrument-deployment/
ЦитатаInSight's robotic arm undergoes instrument deployment testing      
(http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/InSight-Mars-robotic-arm-testing-photo-credit-NASA-posted-on-SpaceFlight-Insider-647x511.jpg)
Photo Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech         
             
Jason Rhian
March 6th, 2015          
                                 
If everything goes according to plan, NASA's Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/insight/pia19144/#.VPkBa_nF-Sp) ) mission will touch down on the surface of Mars. While there, it will conduct studies into the processes that formed and shaped the terrestrial planets, including our home world. To help the stationary lander achieve this mission, it has been provided with an array of scientific instruments - two of which will need to be placed on the surface of the Red Planet with the lander's arm.
InSight's robotic arm will need to be able to hoist two science instruments from the lander's back and onto the ground. To demonstrate that it is capable of accomplishing this, engineers inside a clean room, located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, performed tests with the lander's arm about two years before it will perform these tasks on Mars.
InSight is currently scheduled to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base's Space Launch Complex 3E (SLC-3E) atop an Atlas V 401 booster in March 2016.
France's national space agency (CNES) provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure, or SEIS, which is one of the two instruments planned for deployment. It contains parts which hail from Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
In the featured image, the robotic arm is seen after it has set down a test article of SEIS (more accurately the instrument's wind and thermal shield).  This shield is to diminish the possible impact caused by Martian weather on SEIS' seismometer.
InSight is a part of NASA's Discovery Program. These missions are competitively-selected and have scientific goals meant to enable further exploration of the Solar System. InSight is managed out of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center located in Huntsville, Alabama, for the Science Mission Directorate in Washington D.C. InSight is constructed by Lockheed Martin Space Systems.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 28.05.2015 09:07:28
NASA Begins Testing Mars Lander in Preparation for Next Mission to Red Planet
http://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-begins-testing-mars-lander-in-preparation-for-next-mission-to-red-planet

ЦитатаTesting is underway on NASA's next mission on the journey to Mars, a stationary lander scheduled to launch in March 2016.

The lander is called InSight, an abbreviation for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport. It is about the size of a car and will be the first mission devoted to understanding the interior structure of the Red Planet. Examining the planet's deep interior could reveal clues about how all rocky planets, including Earth, formed and evolved.

The current testing will help ensure InSight can operate in and survive deep space travel and the harsh conditions of the Martian surface. The spacecraft will lift off from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, and land on Mars about six months later.

The technical capabilities and knowledge gained from Insight, and other Mars missions, are crucial to NASA's journey to Mars, which includes sending astronauts to the Red Planet in the 2030s.

"Today, our robotic scientific explorers are paving the way, making great progress on the journey to Mars," said Jim Green, director of NASA's Planetary Science Division at the agency's headquarters in Washington. "Together, humans and robotics will pioneer Mars and the solar system."

During the environmental testing phase at Lockheed Martin's Space Systems facility near Denver, the lander will be exposed to extreme temperatures, vacuum conditions of nearly zero air pressure simulating interplanetary space, and a battery of other tests over the next seven months. The first will be a thermal vacuum test in the spacecraft's "cruise" configuration, which will be used during its seven-month journey to Mars. In the cruise configuration, the lander is stowed inside an aeroshell capsule and the spacecraft's cruise stage - for power, communications, course corrections and other functions on the way to Mars -- is fastened to the capsule.

"The assembly of InSight went very well and now it's time to see how it performs," said Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver. "The environmental testing regimen is designed to wring out any issues with the spacecraft so we can resolve them while it's here on Earth. This phase takes nearly as long as assembly, but we want to make sure we deliver a vehicle to NASA that will perform as expected in extreme environments."

Other tests include vibrations simulating launch and checking for electronic interference between different parts of the spacecraft.  The testing phase concludes with a second thermal vacuum test in which the spacecraft is exposed to the temperatures and atmospheric pressures it will experience as it operates on the Martian surface.

The mission's science team includes U.S. and international co-investigators from universities, industry and government agencies.

"It's great to see the spacecraft put together in its launch configuration," said InSight Project Manager Tom Hoffman at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California. "Many teams from across the globe have worked long hours to get their elements of the system delivered for these tests. There still remains much work to do before we are ready for launch, but it is fantastic to get to this critical milestone."
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/54929) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/54930)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 28.05.2015 14:31:58
и на русском

В NASA приступили к испытаниям нового аппарата, предназначенного для отправки на Марс
http://tass.ru/kosmos/2001350

ЦитатаВАШИНГТОН, 28 мая. /Корр. ТАСС Анатолий Бочинин/. Национальное управление США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) приступило к испытаниям нового аппарата, получившего название "Инсайт" (InSight). Именно он должен будет отправиться на Марс в 2016 году, чтобы собрать данные для первой экспедиции на Красную планету.

Как сообщается на сайте NASA, "Инсайт" имеет габариты средней легковой машины. Установка будет изучать сейсмическую активность, теплообмен на поверхности планеты, а также займется геодезией. Таким образом, ученые рассчитывают не только изучить сам Марс, но и понять, как формировались подобные планеты, в том числе и Земля.

Запуск "Инсайта" запланирован на март 2016 года. Места назначения он достигнет примерно через полгода. Сейчас разработчики подвергают свое творение всем мыслимым и немыслимым испытаниям - проверяют его на устойчивость к экстремально высоким температурам, создают вокруг него условия, аналогичные открытому космосу, включая вакуум, проверяют работу аккумуляторов. "Сборка "Инсайта" прошла без проблем, и пришло время увидеть, как он будет работать. Тестирование в условиях окружающей среды призвано выявить недостатки, которые мы сможем устранить, пока установка еще находится на Земле", - поясняет Стью Спат, управляющий программы "Инсайт" в "Локхид-Мартин Спейс Системс" (Lockheed Martin Space Systems).

"Инсайт" можно считать международным проектом. Над ним трудились специалисты из Австрии, Бельгии, Канады, Франции, Германии, Японии, Польши, Испании, Швейцарии, Великобритании и Соединенных Штатов.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 29.05.2015 09:03:59
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/54947)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 28.07.2015 21:19:37
NASA Mars Orbiter Preparing for InSight Lander's 2016 Arrival
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38256

ЦитатаFast Facts:
- Since 2006, MRO has supported missions to the surface of Mars, in addition to conducting its own science observations
- In 2016, MRO will be listening for transmissions from NASA's next Mars lander, InSight, as it descends and touches down
- An MRO maneuver planned for this week is designed to put it at the right place over Mars for InSight's landing

With its biggest orbit maneuver since 2006, NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) will prepare this week for the arrival of NASA's next Mars lander, InSight, next year.

A planned 77-second firing of six intermediate-size thrusters on July 29 will adjust the orbit timing of the veteran spacecraft so it will be in position to receive radio transmissions from InSight as the newcomer descends through the Martian atmosphere and touches down on Sept. 28, 2016. These six rocket engines, which were used for trajectory corrections during the spacecraft's flight from Earth to Mars, can each produce about 22 newtons, or five pounds, of thrust.

"Without making this orbit change maneuver, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter would be unable to hear from InSight during the landing, but this will put us in the right place at the right time," said MRO Project Manager Dan Johnston of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

The orbiter will record InSight's transmissions for later playback to Earth as a record of each event during the critical minutes of InSight's arrival at Mars, just as MRO did for the landings of NASA's Curiosity Mars rover three years ago, and NASA's Phoenix Mars lander in 2008.

InSight will examine the deep interior of Mars for clues about the formation and early evolution of all rocky planets, including Earth.

MRO will continue its studies of Mars while preparing for the InSight arrival. MRO collects high-resolution imaging and spectral data, as well as atmospheric and sub-surface profiles. It has returned several times more data about the Red Planet than all other deep-space missions combined. It will also continue providing communication relay support for Mars rovers and making observations for analysis of candidate landing sites for future missions.

After the InSight landing, plans call for MRO to perform a pair of even larger maneuvers in October 2016 and April 2017 -- each using the six intermediate-size thrusters longer than three minutes. These will return it to the orbit timing it has used since 2006, crossing the equator at about 3 a.m. and 3 p.m., local solar time, during each near-polar loop around the planet. To observe the InSight arrival, MRO will be in an orbit that crosses the equator at about 2:30 p.m. local solar mean time.

The last time the mission performed a maneuver larger than this week's was on November 15, 2006. That maneuver fired the intermediate-size thrusters for 76 seconds to establish the original 3 p.m. Local Mean Solar Time (LMST) sun-synchronous condition after a six-month period of using dips into the upper atmosphere to alter the orbit's shape. The spacecraft has three sets of thrusters. It used its most powerful set -- six thrusters, each with 170 newtons, or 39 pounds of force -- for about 27 minutes to first enter orbit when it arrived at Mars on March 10, 2006. It uses eight smaller thrusters most frequently, for small adjustments to course or orientation.

Even after the planned 2017 maneuver, the spacecraft's remaining supply of hydrazine propellant is projected to be more than 413 pounds (about 187 kilograms), equivalent to about 19 years of consumption in normal operations.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 11.08.2015 23:00:15
http://news.discovery.com/space/private-spaceflight/mars-mission-will-drill-deep-for-inside-information-150806.htm?sf11769188=1
ЦитатаMars Mission Will Drill Deep for Inside Information
Aug 6, 2015 12:53 PM ET
by Elizabeth Howell (http://news.discovery.com/contributors/elizabeth-howell.htm)
(http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/blogs/dnews-files-2015-08-insight-670-1508061-jpg.jpg)   
An artist's concept shows the InSight spacecraft, which will provide the best look yet at the insides of Mars.                                   
                               
Besides some Martian meteorites collected on Earth, some gravity data fr om spacecraft and other bits of information, our knowledge of the planet's insides is small, said Bruce Banerdt, the principal investigator of a new lander called InSight (http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/home.cfm), at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. But that's about to change.
InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) will launch for Mars in March on a quick six-month journey to the Red Planet. Upon arriving at the Martian equator, the spacecraft will deploy a small drill to probe the planet's interior and a seismometer to measure any "marsquakes" that occur.
Mars 2020: Wh ere We'll Look for Alien Life: Photos (http://news.discovery.com/space/alien-life-exoplanets/mars-2020-where-well-look-for-alien-life-photos-150806.htm)
"Mars is a really good laboratory to understand how planets form into the complex bodies they are," Banerdt told Discovery News. This is because the lack of plate tectonics means the planet did not meld its early rocks into the interior (unlike Earth). Also, it's big enough to have a complex interior with a core and mantle, unlike Earth's nearby moon.
 https://youtu.be/x4JFYy_Lb5Y (https://youtu.be/x4JFYy_Lb5Y)
For the past two months, engineers have been testing InSight's chops at a Lockheed Martin facility in Colorado. So far, things are going well, the company says. The contractor has decades of experience working with NASA and helps to operate two spacecraft that will relay information from InSight to orbit -- Mars Odyssey (http://mars.nasa.gov/odyssey/) and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (http://mars.nasa.gov/mro/) -- and then to Earth. (MRO was recently repositioned in orbit (http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/mro/nasa-mars-orbiter-preparing-for-mars-landers-2016-arrival) to help with InSight's landing.)
Testing is divided into two phases -- the launch and cruise to Mars, and then the complex entry, descent and landing. Luckily for InSight, a similar system was tested before when the Phoenix (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/phoenix/main/index.html) lander safely made it to the surface in August 2007. But there still are a number of steps to consider, including separating the lander from the cruise shield and safely deploying the legs InSight will rest on while sitting on the surface.
"After we touch down, the first most critical event is the deployment of the landing solar array," Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co., told Discovery News. "It will unfurl into a nearly circular pattern and collect the solar energy for power. Then we'll test our most critical components and do a communications check to communicate properly (to Earth)."
Curiosity's 3 Years Unraveling Mars' Mysteries (http://news.discovery.com/space/curiositys-3-years-unraveling-mars-mysteries-150805.htm)
The first 80 sols (Martian days) of work will be busy. In the first 40 sols, InSight will test out its systems and place the seismometer on the surface. Then comes the drill. It will be slowly lowered below the surface a half-meter (1.6 feet) at a time. Investigators will then take a few days to send out a heat pulse to see how the environment around the drill is reacting. The mission goal is to get the drill at least 3 to 5 meters (10 to 16 feet) deep.
(http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/blogs/dnews-files-2015-08-InSight-Cruise-Stage-and-Lander-1-15-15a-jpg.jpg)       
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 21.08.2015 10:21:35
Для желающих получить посадочный билет:

http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38315
http://mars.nasa.gov/participate/send-your-name/insight/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 29.08.2015 12:14:04
Небольшая презентация (http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?filename=0&article=3180&context=smallsat&type=additional) про кубсаты MarCO, которые будут ретранслировать данные во время посадки Insight 28 сентября 2016 года.

(http://f19.ifotki.info/org/03a535ad86cd7f0e748f617ea26c109eb0c1ce223499678.jpg)

(http://f19.ifotki.info/org/5cad08a22f8b0f7ea30acf233f6d9fbeb0c1ce223499725.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 24.10.2015 15:00:13
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/images.cfm?IM_ID=8465
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 03.11.2015 16:18:38
NASA's InSight Mars lander on track for March 2016 launch
http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/missions/solar-system/nasas-insight-mars-lander-on-track-for-march-2016-launch/

ЦитатаNASA's next Mars mission - the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander - is taking shape for a March 2016 planned launch. The spacecraft, dedicated to investigating the Red Planet's deep interior, is now fully assembled and on track for liftoff atop a United Launch Alliance's (ULA) Atlas V 401 booster. The mission will be launched from the Space Launch Complex 3 (SLC-3) at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

"The lander has been fully assembled and is in its testing phase. We have finished all the major environments tests and are currently working through operational testing," William "Bruce" Banerdt, InSight Principal Investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), told Astrowatch.net.

This series of tests will help ensure that InSight can operate during deep space travel and that it can survive the harsh conditions on Mars.

The testing includes exposing the lander to extreme temperatures and vacuum conditions of nearly zero air pressure simulating interplanetary space. Other tests feature vibrations - simulating launch - as well as checking for electronic interference between different parts of the spacecraft.

The lander is equipped with two main geophysical instruments that will investigate Mars' interior structure and geological processes. The Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) will conduct precise measurements of quakes and other internal activity, while the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) will burrow up to 16 ft. (five meters) into the Martian subsurface - deeper than all previous drills and probes have gone. The spacecraft, built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, is based on NASA's Phoenix mission that successfully studied ground ice near the north pole of Mars in 2008. It has a mass of 770 lbs. (349 kg) and is 18 ft. (5 meters) long when the solar panels are deployed.

By using the lander's scientific payload, the scientists hope to learn valuable information about the evolution of rocky planets, studying processes that shaped Mars. They also plan to determine the present level of tectonic activity and meteorite impact rate on the Red Planet. NASA has predicted it will acquire more than 29 GB of seismic data during the first year of science operations.

"We expect to be able to determine the basic structure of the planet: the thickness and layering of the crust, the composition and stratification of the mantle, and the size, composition and state [solid vs. liquid] of the core. We will also measure the amount of heat escaping from the interior as well as the level of seismic activity and the rate of meteorite impacts," Banerdt said.

Amidst some technical issues with the payload, the spacecraft is currently on track for launch in March of 2016.

"We are still on track for a launch next March, although we are still working on some technical issues with the payload," Banerdt revealed.

InSight should be launched sometime between March 4-30, 2016. It should touch down on the Martian surface in September of 2016. It is designed to operate for about two years.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 04.12.2015 12:19:00
Mars Mission Team Addressing Vacuum Leak on Key Science Instrument
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38435

ЦитатаA key science instrument that will be carried aboard NASA's Interior Exploration Using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft being prepared for launch in March 2016 is experiencing a leak in the vacuum container carrying its main sensors. The sensors are part of an instrument called the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS), which is provided by the French Space Agency (CNES).

The seismometer is the prime science payload that will help answer questions about the interior structure and processes within the deep Martian interior. The SEIS instrument has three high-sensitivity seismometers enclosed in a sealed sphere. The seismometers need to operate in a vacuum in order to provide exquisite sensitivity to ground motions as small as the width of an atom. After the final sealing of the sphere, a small leak was detected, that would have prevented meeting the science requirements once delivered to the surface of Mars.

The CNES/JPL team is currently working to repair the leak, prior to instrument integration and final environmental tests in France before shipping to the United States for installation into the spacecraft and launch.

The InSight lander has completed assembly and testing at Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Colorado, and is being prepared to ship to the Vandenberg AFB launch site. Installation of the seismometer is planned for early January. The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) from Germany and the rest of the scientific payload are already installed.

NASA and CNES managers are committed to launching in March and are currently assessing the launch window timeline. This will be the first launch on the West Coast of a Mars mission and the first project devoted to investigating the deep interior of the Red Planet.
Если не успеют с устранением, то перенос на 2018 год?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 17.12.2015 16:12:59
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1779109294/very_close_crop_square_Witze_preferred_mug_shot_Jan_2012_bigger.jpg) Alexandra Witze Подлинная учетная запись ‏@alexwitze  (https://twitter.com/alexwitze)
Jim Green: InSight will not launch before March 18. (Also said launch window pushes into April.) #AGU15 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AGU15?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 17.12.2015 16:14:16
http://spaceflightnow.com/launch-schedule/
ЦитатаMarch 18 Atlas 5 • InSight
Launch time: 1030-1150 GMT (6:30-7:50 a.m. EDT; 3:30-4:50 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 17.12.2015 16:18:21
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/430744135385882625/yKgxFXX6_bigger.jpeg) Gary Napier ‏@garynapier  (https://twitter.com/garynapier)
Freezing cold didn't stop this @LockheedMartin (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin) team from shipping @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) to the launch site today.
 (https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CWYu6RNU8AANvDY.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 18.12.2015 00:09:45
Не понял. Это у них чего - межпланетные станции так выгружают?  :o
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 18.12.2015 03:18:09
И не на Руслане. Ну точно чой то не то... :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: instml от 18.12.2015 03:20:02
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Не понял. Это у них чего - межпланетные станции так выгружают?  :o
Эту получается так. Это ж наверно всего вторая АМС с Ванденберга, первая - Клементина.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 18.12.2015 10:27:04
Полевые испытания, в условиях, максимально приближенных, к марсианским - вибрации, низкие температуры...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 18.12.2015 12:41:47
Цитатаinstml пишет:
И не на Руслане. Ну точно чой то не то...  :)
Если б не опознавательный знак на самолёте то полное впечатление что выгружают какойто ящик с не особо ценным барахлом в этой стране. Сколько раз такую картину приходилось наблюдать.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 18.12.2015 12:42:39
Цитатаinstml пишет:  Это ж наверно всего вторая АМС с Ванденберга, первая - Клементина.
Ой. Сколько я интересного пропустил. А почему решили запускать с той стороны?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 18.12.2015 15:31:44
А собственно, без шуток, что плохого в выгрузке? Просто парни второй раз в жизни видят такой ящик у себя на аэродроме и не знают что с ним делать. Тот, который в оранжевой жилетке - его вообще разбудили и просят подписать какие-то бумаги, потому что самолету уже пора вылетать обратно.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 18.12.2015 16:46:35
ЦитатаVi1 пишет:
А собственно, без шуток, что плохого в выгрузке?  
Тащут руками по наклонной плоскости волоком на бетон наскоро расчищеный от снега. 
По идее надо бы подкатить грузовую платформу, рампу опустить до горизонтального положения вровень с платформой и ящик перекатить на колёсиках на грузовую платформу. Ну примерно как грузят контейнеры в грузовые самолёты на базе пассажирских. 
ЦитатаПросто парни второй раз в жизни видят такой ящик у себя на аэродроме и не знают что с ним делать.
А остальные спутники им туда чем возили? Ну хрен с ним, могли бы пригласить грузчиков вместе с платформой с ближайшего пассажирского аэропорта. 
ЦитатаТот, который в оранжевой жилетке - его вообще разбудили и просят подписать какие-то бумаги, потому что самолету уже пора вылетать обратно.
Этот то ладно, он хоть в сторонке стоит и не пытается никуда лезть. А вот те что упираются ящику в бока - они хоть успели проснуться?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 18.12.2015 16:47:40
Однако я так и не понял: почему пускают с Ванденберга то?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 18.12.2015 19:28:40
Может это вообще жилой модуль с логотипом "InSight", там и дверка сбоку :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: triage от 18.12.2015 22:37:28
http://spacenews.com/mars-insight-lander-wont-launch-until-2018-if-it-launches-at-all/
 (http://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/InSight-shipping-12-16-15-879x485.jpg)

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/insight/images.cfm?ImageID=8487
 (https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/insight/gallery/images/InSight_Lander_Spacecraft_Shipping_loading_pia20278.jpg)

 https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin/status/677288368372359168
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/59936)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CWYu6RNU8AANvDY.jpg)

p.s. подправлен порядок после замечания что это погрузка
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Quооndo от 22.12.2015 02:20:18
Это не Руслан. Это С-17
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ronatu от 22.12.2015 10:20:58
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Не понял. Это у них чего - межпланетные станции так выгружают?
Это не выгрузка а погрузка. В Калифорнии снег .... редкость.
Контейнер стоит на прлатформе которую затаскивает в самолет лебедка.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Apollo13 от 22.12.2015 18:55:04
https://twitter.com/Leone_SN/status/679319460335996928

Цитата.@NASA's @MarsInsight won't launch in March as planned due to a problem with a @CNES-built instrument. More after a 3:30 EST presser.
Insight отдыхает 2 года.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 22.12.2015 19:39:25
Если это так, то есть возможность на 2018 г. впихнуть еще ПН ;)  и баки СА поболее заправить
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 22.12.2015 19:54:08
Похоже на то - проблемы с французским сейсмометром, если предполетные тесты не будут гарантировать его адекватную работу на поверхности смысла в запуске весной 2016 г. нет http://nasawatch.com/archives/2015/12/nasa-will-not-b.html брифинг в сегодня ночью 00:30 по москве
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 23.12.2015 01:29:46
NASA Suspends 2016 Launch of InSight Mission to Mars, Media Teleconference Today


ЦитатаAfter thorough examination, NASA managers have decided to suspend the planned March 2016 launch of the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission. The decision follows unsuccessful attempts to repair a leak in a section of the prime instrument in the science payload.
"Learning about the interior structure of Mars has been a high priority objective for planetary scientists since the Viking era," said John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. "We push the boundaries of space technology with our missions to enable science, but space exploration is unforgiving, and the bottom line is that we're not ready to launch in the 2016 window. A decision on a path forward will be made in the coming months, but one thing is clear: NASA remains fully committed to the scientific discovery and exploration of Mars."
The instrument involved is the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS), a seismometer provided by France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES). Designed to measure ground movements as small as the diameter of an atom, the instrument requires a vacuum seal around its three main sensors to withstand the harsh conditions of the Martian environment. 
"InSight's investigation of the Red Planet's interior is designed to increase understanding of how all rocky planets, including Earth, formed and evolved," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight Principal Investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California. "Mars retains evidence about the rocky planets' early development that has been erased on Earth by internal churning Mars lacks. Gaining information about the core, mantle and crust of Mars is a high priority for planetary science, and InSight was built to accomplish this."
A leak earlier this year that previously had prevented the seismometer from retaining vacuum conditions was repaired, and the mission team was hopeful the most recent fix also would be successful. However, during testing on Monday in extreme cold temperature (-49 degrees Fahrenheit/-45 degrees Celsius) the instrument again failed to hold a vacuum.
NASA officials determined there is insufficient time to resolve another leak, and complete the work and thorough testing required to ensure a successful mission.
"It's the first time ever that such a sensitive instrument has been built. We were very close to succeeding, but an anomaly has occurred, which requires further investigation. Our teams will find a solution to fix it, but it won't be solved in time for a launch in 2016," said Marc Pircher, Director of CNES's Toulouse Space Centre.
The spacecraft, built by Lockheed Martin, was delivered to Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, on Dec. 16. With the 2016 launch canceled, the spacecraft will be returned from Vandenberg to Lockheed's facility in Denver.
The relative positions of the planets are most favorable for launching missions from Earth to Mars for only a few weeks every 26 months. For InSight, that 2016 launch window existed from March 4 to March 30.
"In 2008, we made a difficult, but correct decision to postpone the launch of the Mars Science Laboratory mission for two years to better ensure mission success," said Jim Green, director, Planetary Science Division, in Washington. "The successes of that mission's rover, Curiosity, have vastly outweighed any disappointment about that delay."
NASA is on an ambitious journey to Mars that includes sending humans to the Red Planet, and that work remains on track despite Tuesday's decision. Robotic spacecraft are leading the way for NASA's Mars Exploration Program, with the upcoming Mars 2020 rover being designed and built, the Opportunity and Curiosity rovers exploring the Martian surface, the Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft currently orbiting the planet, along with the MAVEN orbiter, which recently helped scientists understand what happened to the Martian atmosphere.
NASA and CNES also are participating in the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Mars Express mission currently operating at Mars and plans to participate on ESA's 2016 and 2018 ExoMars missions, including providing telecommunication radios for ESA's 2016 orbiter and a critical element of a key astrobiology instrument on the 2018 ExoMars rover.
"The JPL and CNES teams and their partners have made a heroic effort to prepare the InSight instrument, but have run out of time given the celestial mechanics of a launch to Mars," said JPL Director Charles Elachi. "It is more important to do it right than take an unacceptable risk."
InSight's science payload includes two key instruments: SEIS, provided by CNES, and the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3), provided by the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
SEIS was built with the participation of the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), with support from the Swiss Space Office and the European Space Agency PRODEX program; the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS), supported by DLR; Imperial College, supported by the United Kingdom Space Agency; and JPL.
NASA will hold a media teleconference at 3:30 p.m. EST today to provide details on the agency's decision. Briefing participants are:
 
    [/li]
  • John Grunsfeld, associate administrator of the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington
  • Jim Green, director of the Planetary Science Division at NASA Headquarters
  • Marc Pircher, CNES director
  • Philippe Laudet, CNES project manager for SEIS
  • Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator, JPL
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-suspends-2016-launch-of-insight-mission-to-mars-media-teleconference-today
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: sychbird от 23.12.2015 09:18:59
НАСА отменило запланированный на март запуск корабля на Марс
http://www.bbc.com/russian/news/2015/12/151222_nasa_mars_cancel
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Quооndo от 23.12.2015 11:19:45
А Мы не отменили Экзомарс   :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 23.12.2015 11:58:13
Сейсмометр не вынес погрузки-разгрузки? ;)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Дмитрий Виницкий от 23.12.2015 13:32:18
Это вам не кусачками по заправленному ФГ хреначить!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 23.12.2015 13:35:47
Говорят (http://www.popularmechanics.com/space/moon-mars/news/a18689/nasas-next-mars-insight-shelved/) об утечке в сварном стыку вакуумного бака в котором находятся сверхчувствительные сенсоры, реагирующие на малейшие (до одного атома) перемещения коры. Как только при испытаниях этот бак прошел рентгенконтроль? Наши бы в МИКе не церемонились - холодной сваркой залепили предполагаемое место утечки, а для "надежности" весь стык промазали еще силиконовым герметиком. После посадки если бы прибор не работал - виноваты тяжелые условия внешней среды, негоже это зонд самолетом гонять туда-обратно на завод-изготовитель для повторных испытаний и производить демонтаж прибора для его ремонта/замены, не по-нашему это
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest2 от 23.12.2015 13:52:39
Воу-воу, прибор-то во Франции, вроде. Даже если и в США, то установка все равно планировалась уже на космодроме.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 23.12.2015 13:54:43
Цитатаtestest пишет:
Воу-воу, прибор-то во Франции, вроде. Даже если и в США, то установка все равно планировалась уже на космодроме.
Жаль. :) Поламать при погрузке было бы гораздо красивше. :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 23.12.2015 14:02:22
Цитатаtestest пишет:
Воу-воу, прибор-то во Франции, вроде. Даже если и в США, то установка все равно планировалась уже на космодроме.
Разве приборы на зонд устанавливают на космодроме? По-моему там идет только общая сборка зонда с разгонным блоком и накатка обтекателя. Нет? Может я ошибаюсь. Ведь зонд в полной готовности должен пройти всевозможные испытания
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 23.12.2015 14:03:33
А как решается проблема стерилизации?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest2 от 23.12.2015 14:10:14
ЦитатаVi1 пишет:
Цитатаtestest пишет:
Воу-воу, прибор-то во Франции, вроде. Даже если и в США, то установка все равно планировалась уже на космодроме.
Разве приборы на зонд устанавливают на космодроме? По-моему там идет только общая сборка зонда с разгонным блоком и накатка обтекателя. Нет? Может я ошибаюсь. Ведь зонд в полной готовности должен пройти всевозможные испытания
Я н6е в первый раз о таком слышу. Установка прибора планировалась в январе. Аппарат на космодроме с середины декабря.
http://spacenews.com/nasa-gives-up-on-fixing-mars-insight-in-time-for-march-launch/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: triage от 23.12.2015 14:37:48
прибор не только французский  (ссылка была раньше)
Цитата https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-suspends-2016-launch-of-insight-mission-to-mars-media-teleconference-today
....
SEIS was built with the participation of the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), with support from the Swiss Space Office and the European Space Agency PRODEX program; the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS), supported by DLR; Imperial College, supported by the United Kingdom Space Agency; and JPL.
...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest2 от 23.12.2015 14:52:27
За разработку отвечает Французское космическое агентство. Понятно, что они не всё сами делают. Так обычно и бывает.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 03.03.2016 00:20:12
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg) Jeff Foust ‏@jeff_foust  (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust)  
Banerdt: Replanned InSight mission would launch May 5, 2018; land Nov. 26. #mepag (https://twitter.com/hashtag/mepag?src=hash)
  11:26 - 2 марта 2016 г.  
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 03.03.2016 17:17:46
http://spacenews.com/nasa-decision-on-insight-mars-landers-future-expected-soon/
ЦитатаNASA decision on InSight Mars lander's future expected soon
by Jeff Foust (http://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- March 2, 2016
(http://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/insight-879x485.jpg)
InSight could land on Mars in November 2018, more than two years later than planned, but at an additional cost of about $150 million. Credit: NASA  
 
WASHINGTON -- NASA could make a decision within a week on the fate of a NASA Mars lander that is facing about $150 million in additional costs because of an instrument problem that caused it to miss its launch window this year.
In a presentation to a meeting of the Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) here March 2, Bruce Banerdt, principal investigator of the InSight Mars lander mission, said the project has completed a revised plan for the mission that supports a launch in 2018, and presented that plan to NASA officials a day earlier.
"That presentation went very well," he said of the NASA briefing. "We had a lot of probing questions and difficult conversations, but overall, I think that we got a positive response."
InSight was scheduled to launch this month and land on Mars in September. The spacecraft, based on the Phoenix mission that landed on Mars in 2008, is designed to study the planet's interior using a probe to measure heat flow below the surface and a seismometer provided by the French space agency CNES.
However, in December NASA announced it was postponing the launch because of problems with leaks in the seismometer, which requires a very strong vacuum to operate. The instrument suffered several leaks during its development, and NASA concluded the problems could not be fixed in time to allow a launch before the 2016 window closed at the end of March.
"That was going to take us about three or four weeks beyond our launch if everything went well, so that was not in the cards," Banerdt said of plans to fix the seismometer after the latest leak. "We know what went wrong. We know how to go about fixing it."
The revised plan, he said, would take advantage of the next Mars launch window in 2018. InSight would launch on May 5 of that year from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, landing Nov. 26 on the Elysium Planitia region of Mars, the same landing site as previously planned. The spacecraft's nominal mission would run though November 2020.
That revised plan, including modification and testing of the seismometer, would come at a price: "on the order" of about $150 million, he said. That additional cost means that a final decision on whether to spend that money for a 2018 launch, cancel the mission, or take another option rests with agency leadership.
"We're well on our way" to making a decision on InSight, said Jim Green, the director of NASA's planetary sciences division, in a talk earlier in the day at the MEPAG. "Perhaps we'll be able to announce what our next steps are for InSight within this next week or so."
If NASA decided to go ahead with InSight, it would need to find that money, most likely within the agency's planetary sciences program. "It means less money to do something else," Banerdt said. "Sorry about that."
Banerdt said one option not under consideration was having CNES pay for at least part of the additional costs because its instrument caused the delay. "They will be spending money on the overrun" to correct the instrument problem, he said. "They won't be giving us any money to do the things we need to do, and that's because that's the way international collaborations work: no money changes hands."
One particular target for the additional funds could be the Discovery program of lower-cost science missions, of which InSight is a part. Some in the planetary science community have expressed concern that the additional cost for InSight could keep NASA from selecting two Discovery missions late this year in an ongoing competition, as some agency officials have suggested they might do.
Green, in his remarks, offered no hints about any effect additional InSight costs might have on the ongoing Discovery competition. "We'll announce the mission or missions that will go forward in the December timeframe," he said.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Chilik от 11.03.2016 10:12:26
ЦитатаThe Insight Mars lander has been saved from mission termination and will live to launch another day two years from now, NASA managers just announced following a thorough three month investigation into the causes of the last moment snafu involving the failure of its French-built seismometer science instrument that last December forced the agency to cancel its planned liftoff this month.
NASA is now targeting a new launch window that begins May 5, 2018, for the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission aimed at studying the deep interior of Mars.
The May 2018 launch amounts to an unavoidable 26 month launch delay from the originally planned launch on March 4, 2016. Because of the immutable laws of orbital mechanics, launch opportunities to the Red Planet only occur every 26 months.
Подробности: http://www.universetoday.com/127792/insight-mars-lander-saved-termination-reset-2018-blastoff/
Если коротко, то нарушена герметизация французского сейсмометра, без которого лететь смысла нет.
Старт перенесён на следующее окно через 2 года.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 13.03.2016 01:38:40
На 5 мая 2018 года.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Имxотеп от 13.03.2016 21:23:08
Презентация с MEPAG'a (http://mepag.jpl.nasa.gov/meetings.cfm?expand=m31) добавляет сочных подробностей к истории.

Как известно, для обеспечения высокой точности измерений сейсмометр должен находиться в среде с давлением не более 0.01 миллибара и потому размещен в специальном вакуумированном контейнере, напоминающем золотистую кастрюльку.

(http://f20.ifotki.info/org/c1b21babd32a03e95d5cb7e89ef5b3812e4997240551354.jpg)

25 августа, за несколько дней до отправки прибора в Локхид-Мартин для окончательной сборки с лэндером была выявлена утечка. На ее локализацию ушел почти месяц. Как оказалось, герметичность была нарушена в 37-пиновом разъеме питания, конкретно - в пине №7. Его подмазали герметиком и проблема была решена. 7 октября была обнаружена ВТОРАЯ утечка. В том же разъеме, в пине №11, но прежний метод не помог и загерметизировали весь разъем целиком. ТРЕТЬЯ утечка была выявлена 14 ноября - на этот раз в патрубке системы вакуумирования. Его убрали и приварили новый, на что ушло еще 4 недели. И наконец 20 декабря появилась ЧЕТВЕРТАЯ утечка, и опять в разъеме питания. Тут уже все сдались и вскоре было объявлено о переносе старта.

(http://f20.ifotki.info/org/64d0b658af9832da99729aa5bfdf22932e4997240551396.jpg)

По итогам этой эпопеи было принято решение о полной переделке конструкции контейнера, она должна быть завершена к осени 2016. К маю 2017 должны закончиться все проверки и испытания, а летом 2017 должна начаться сборка аппарата. Старт, как упоминалось выше, 5 мая 2018 г., прибытие - 26 ноября 2018 г.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 14.03.2016 09:29:58
Сложно обеспечить герметичность в системе, где много разъемов и соединений (особенно не сварных). Герметики - это ерунда, я всегда говорю - нужно на лен мотать :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ОАЯ от 14.03.2016 09:40:56
Никаких внешних исполнительных органов. Все внутри. Требуется подвести только электричество, газ и принять от прибора электрический сигнал. И для всего этого потребовалось 9 лючков и люков для прибора, размером с кастрюлю!!!
Это как же надо проектировать, что бы сделать все, что бы труднее всего было обеспечить герметичность!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Chilik от 14.03.2016 09:38:35
ЦитатаОАЯ пишет:
Требуется подвести только электричество, газ и принять от прибора электрический сигнал.
Питание и газ - да, сигнал не нужен.
Это всё сейчас элементарно делается через последовательную дуплексную оптическую развязку, нужно просто окошко внутрь или тот же стеклянный разъём, но без выводов.
И да, я понимаю, что в РКТ есть свои процедуры и ограничения на введение новшеств в конструкцию.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 14.03.2016 21:55:16
Лучше пусть они эту "кастрюлю" до ума за 2 года доведут, чем подмазывать ее герметиками на скорую руку
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 02.09.2016 18:58:23
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/738630286565609472/wGD3gEVT_bigger.jpg) CNES ‏@CNES  (https://twitter.com/CNES)  1 ч.1 час назад (https://twitter.com/CNES/status/771716759715971074)  
C'est confirmé : @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) partira écouter le cœur de #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash) en mai 2018 http://bit.ly/2bK61Ol  (https://t.co/U9EsiAhxpZ)
 (https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CrWwTWFXEAEpFhe.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 02.09.2016 19:09:37
http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38537
ЦитатаNASA Approves 2018 Launch of Mars InSight Mission
2 Sep 2016
(Source: NASA/JPL-Caltech)
(http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/images/content/InSight-instruments-artist-concept-PIA17358-annotated-br.jpg) (http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/images.cfm?ImageID=8502)
NASA has set a new launch opportunity, beginning May 5, 2018, for the InSight mission to Mars. InSight is the first mission dedicated to investigating the deep interior of Mars. The findings will advance understanding of how all rocky planets, including Earth, formed and evolved. This artist's concept depicts the InSight lander on Mars after the lander's robotic arm has deployed a seismometer and a heat probe directly onto the ground. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
NASA is moving forward with a spring 2018 launch of its InSight mission to study the deep interior of Mars, following final approval this week by the agency's Science Mission Directorate.
The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission was originally scheduled to launch in March of this year, but NASA suspended launch preparations in December (http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38476) due to a vacuum leak in its prime science instrument, the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS).
The new launch period for the mission begins May 5, 2018, with a Mars landing scheduled for Nov. 26, 2018. The next launch opportunity is driven by orbital dynamics, so 2018 is the soonest the lander can be on its way.   
"Our robotic scientific explorers such as InSight are paving the way toward an ambitious journey to send humans to the Red Planet," said Geoff Yoder, acting associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, in Washington. "It's gratifying that we are moving forward with this important mission to help us better understand the origins of Mars and all the rocky planets, including Earth."
The SEIS instrument -- designed to measure ground movements as small as half the radius of a hydrogen atom -- requires a perfect vacuum seal around its three main sensors in order to withstand harsh conditions on the Red Planet. Under what's known as the mission "replan," NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, will be responsible for redesigning, developing and qualifying the instrument's evacuated container and the electrical feedthroughs that failed previously. France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES), will focus on developing and delivering the key sensors for SEIS, integration of the sensors into the container, and the final integration of the instrument onto the spacecraft.
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is contributing the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) to InSight's science payload.
NASA's budget for InSight was $675 million. The instrument redesign and two-year delay add $153.8 million. The additional cost will not delay or cancel any current missions, though there may be fewer opportunities for new missions in future years, from fiscal years 2017-2020.
InSight's primary goal (http://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/overview.cfm) is to help us understand how rocky planets formed and evolved. Jim Green, director of NASA's Planetary Science Division, said, "We've concluded that a replanned InSight mission for launch in 2018 is the best approach to fulfill these long-sought, high-priority science objectives."
CNES President Jean-Yves Le Gall added, "This confirmation of the launch plan for InSight is excellent news and an unparalleled opportunity to learn more about the internal structure of the Red Planet, which is currently of major interest to the international science community."
The InSight Project is managed by JPL for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, built the spacecraft. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, which is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 02.09.2016 22:24:19
http://spacenews.com/insight-delay-adds-150-million-to-missions-cost/
ЦитатаInSight delay adds $150 million to mission's cost
by Jeff Foust (http://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- September 2, 2016
(http://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/insight-879x485.jpg)
Delaying the launch of NASA's InSight Mars lander and fixing a troublesome instrument will cost the agency more than $150 million, to be taken from future planetary missions. Credit: NASA  
 
WASHINGTON -- NASA announced Sept. 2 that it has approved plans to launch a delayed Mars lander mission in 2018, although at an additional cost that could affect plans for later planetary missions.
The InSight Mars lander, originally scheduled for launch in March, will now launch no earlier than May 5, 2018, after NASA's Science Mission Directorate formally approved the revised mission plan this week. That launch will allow a landing on Mars in November 2018.
NASA postponed the launch in December 2015 after a series of problems with one of its primary instruments, the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS), provided by the French space agency CNES. The instrument suffered a series of vacuum leaks that NASA concluded could not be fixed in time to permit a launch during a window that lasted about a month.
Under the new mission plan, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory will take the lead in redesigning the chamber that contains SEIS. That chamber must maintain a very strong vacuum to measure seismic vibrations as small as half the radius of a hydrogen atom. CNES will focus on the instrument's sensors and the final integration of the instrument on the spacecraft.
The redesign of SEIS, and other aspects of the mission's two-year delay, will add $153.8 million to InSight's original cost of $675 million. That cost is in line with previous estimates by project management earlier this year, who predicted the delay would cost roughly $150 million.
That additional money will come from plans for later missions. NASA said in its Sept. 2 statement that while no current missions would be affected, "there may be fewer opportunities for new missions in future years, from fiscal years 2017-2020."
David Schurr, deputy director of NASA's planetary science division, said Sept. 2 the additional cost is not covered by project reserves already applied to the mission. "The plan is for planetary science to cover these costs over the next four years," he said.
One area that could be affected is NASA's Discovery program of low-cost planet science missions. NASA selected five proposals for study last year, and has suggested it might choose two of them for development when it makes a final selection late this year. The additional costs of an InSight delay have worried some in the planetary science committee that NASA might be able to afford only one mission.
Jim Green, director of NASA's planetary science division, has long advocated selecting two missions in the ongoing Discovery competition. "I'm going to do everything humanly possible to make it difficult for the selection official not to pick two," he said at a July 25 meeting of the NASA Advisory Council's science committee in Cleveland.
He added, though, that this choice will depend on the estimated costs of the missions included in their updated studies and the available budget. "My approach is to look at the budget, see what we can support and then fill that budget within our selection opportunity," he said.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 05.09.2016 16:40:55
https://ria.ru/science/20160905/1476073262.html
ЦитатаНАСА одобрило повторный запуск миссии InSight на Марс в 2018 году
11:28 05.09.2016

МОСКВА, 5 сен - РИА Новости. НАСА официально одобрило планы по повторному запуску посадочного модуля InSight, который отправится к Марсу в мае 2018 года, если французским инженерам удастся изготовить замену поврежденному прибору SEIS в срок, сообщает (http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=6612) Лаборатория реактивного движения НАСА.
"Подтверждение того, что НАСА планирует отправить InSight в космос, является отличной новостью для нас и уникальной возможностью больше узнать о секретах недр Марса, что сегодня является одной из главных задач для всего сообщества планетологов в целом", -- заявил Жан-Ив Ле-Голль (Jean-Yves Le Gall), президент Национального центра космических исследований Франции (CNES).
В конце ноября прошлого года на форумах любителей космонавтики и в соцсетях стали распространяться слухи о том, что американский аппарат InSight может не полететь на Марс из-за неполадок в работе одного из двух ключевых научных инструментов посадочного модуля - сейсмометра SEIS, изготовленного французскими инженерами и учеными по заказу CNES.
В первых числах декабря стало известно, что эти неполадки являются критическими и что инженеры НАСА и CNES не успеют исправить их до отправки зонда к Марсу, который был запланирован на март 2016 года. Через несколько недель НАСА выступило с официальным заявлением, в котором менеджеры агентства признались в разгерметизации сейсмометра и в переносе миссии на "неопределенный срок".
В начале марта этого года НАСА заявило, что запуск InSight, скорее всего, будет перенесен на май 2018 года, однако 100% подтверждения этого плана не было - руководство НАСА не было уверено в том, сможет ли оно найти новую ракету-носитель для посадочного модуля, и насколько проект выйдет за рамки бюджета. Сейчас все эти проблемы решены, и космическое агентство официально одобрило продолжение миссии.
Май 2018 года в данном случае является "жесткой" датой запуска - даже если французские инженеры и ученые создадут новую версию SEIS раньше срока, InSight не отправится на Марс раньше означенного времени из-за того, что запас топлива в ракете рассчитан на оптимальную траекторию полета к Красной планете.
Если же они не успеют изготовить замену, то миссия будет опять задержана или вообще отменена. Лаборатория реактивного движения, где разрабатывается InSight, уже предложила свою помощь французским разработчикам и пообещала помочь защитить прибор от разгерметизации.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 30.08.2017 21:39:52
Insight: NASA's Next Mars Mission to Investigate Interior of Red Planet
https://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38547
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: triage от 27.09.2017 07:35:19
Цитатаhttps://twitter.com/bevvscott/status/912864069366964224
Bev Scott‏ @bevvscott (https://twitter.com/bevvscott)  2 ч2 часа назад (https://twitter.com/bevvscott/status/912864069366964224)
Update on InSight mission: spacecraft assembly completed, now preparing for thermal vacuum tests. Launch on May 5, 2018 from VAFB. #IAC2017 (https://twitter.com/hashtag/IAC2017?src=hash)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DKsk8AKUQAE_8qJ.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DKsk9_bVYAEdhld.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DKsk_TIVYAA8nhZ.jpg)(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DKslAqXUQAAsWx7.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Pirat5 от 05.10.2017 07:27:55
НАСА предлагает всем желающим (повторно) отправить свое имя на Марс 
https://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/participate/send-your-name/insight/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 07.11.2017 21:28:28
More Than 2.4 Million Names Are Going to Mars
https://insight.jpl.nasa.gov/newsdisplay.cfm?Subsite_News_ID=38549
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 07.11.2017 22:23:44
Я себя отправил. Мне дали посадочный талон.   :D  
Я пассажир номер  1007419

А оно правда с Ванденберга стартует? Вроде все к Марсу отправляли с Канаверала? 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: zandr от 23.11.2017 18:44:26
http://tass.ru/kosmos/4752292 (http://tass.ru/kosmos/4752292)
ЦитатаПосадочный модуль InSight прошел ключевой этап подготовки к отправке на Марс
(https://cdn4.tass.ru/width/744_b12f2926/tass/m2/uploads/i/20171123/4604757.jpg)
© NASA/JPL-Caltech/Lockheed Martin
ВАШИНГТОН, 23 ноября. /Корр. ТАСС Дмитрий Кирсанов/. Американский посадочный модуль InSight успешно прошел важнейшую фазу подготовки к отправке на Марс. Об этом сообщила в среду в среду корреспонденту ТАСС официальный представитель корпорации Lockheed Martin, создавшей данный космический аппарат, Дэни Хауф.
Как она уточнила, специалисты Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) и компании Lockheed Martin завершили этап тепловых испытаний модуля в вакууме. Таким образом, "команда Lockheed Martin успешно закончила фазу тестирования [аппарата] на воздействие внешних условий, сходных с эксплуатационными", отметила Хауф. По ее словам, в предстоящие месяцы "будет завершаться подготовка к запуску" модуля InSight, намеченного на май будущего года.
Как пояснила представитель Lockheed Martin, пройден этап "наиболее всеобъемлющих испытаний, которым можно подвергнуть полностью собранный космический аппарат до запуска". В ходе них были подтверждены технические характеристики модуля "в жестких условиях, схожих с открытым космосом", подчеркнула Хауф. Нынешние испытания проходили на объекте компании Lockheed Martin в Литтлтоне (штат Колорадо). А до этого проверялось, в частности, раскрытие солнечных батарей модуля и устойчивость его аппаратуры к электромагнитному воздействию.
Ответственный за тестирование и запуск модуля в компании Lockheed Martin Скотт Дэниелс заявил интернет-изданию Space.com (https://www.space.com/), что тепловые испытания в вакууме продолжались почти две недели. Предполагается, что на базу ВВС США Ванденберг (штат Калифорния), с которой аппарат должны вывести в космос, InSight доставят в конце февраля, сказал Дэниелс. 30-дневное "окно" для старта ракеты-носителя Atlas V, которой предстоит отправить модуль в примерно полугодовое путешествие к Красной планете, откроется 5 мая. Намечается, что посадку аппарат произведет 26 ноября 2018 года, после чего проработает на Марсе 728 земных дня.
За счет использования научных приборов, установленных на модуле, NASA рассчитывает получить новую информацию о формировании Марса. Аппарат, к примеру, должен помочь определить размер, состав и состояние ядра Красной планеты, проанализировать толщину коры, выяснить, какова структура мантии. Планируется, что инструменты модуля позволят осуществить бурение на глубину 5 м для получения интересующих ученых данных. Первоначально отправка аппарата должна была состояться в конце 2015 года, но ее перенесли из-за обнаруженной существенной технической неполадки
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.11.2017 20:45:37
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg) Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 17 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/933500855881527296)

ARTICLE: Mars InSight mission passes TVAC testing ahead of 2018 launch - https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2017/11/mars-insight-passes-tvac-testing-2018-launch/ ... (https://t.co/r3gJmQkcOp)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DPR1r4WWkAA1WAj.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DPR1zRSXUAAZYFo.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DPR2ErZX4AIcTPA.jpg)
Цитата

Mars InSight mission passes TVAC testing ahead of 2018 launch (https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2017/11/mars-insight-passes-tvac-testing-2018-launch/)

November 22, 2017 by Chris Bergin
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 26.01.2018 09:41:37
NASA's Next Mars Lander Spreads its Solar Wings (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/nasas-next-mars-lander-spreads-its-solar-wings)

ЦитатаNASA's next mission to Mars passed a key test Tuesday, extending the solar arrays that will power the InSight spacecraft once it lands on the Red Planet this November.

The test took place at Lockheed Martin Space just outside of Denver, where InSight was built and has been undergoing testing ahead of its launch. The mission is led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

"This is the last time we will see the spacecraft in landed configuration before it arrives at the Red Planet," said Scott Daniels, Lockheed Martin InSight Assembly, Test and Launch Operations (ATLO) Manager. "There are still many steps we have to take before launch, but this is a critical milestone before shipping to Vandenberg Air Force Base in California." The InSight launch window opens in May.

The fan-like solar panels are specially designed for Mars' weak sunlight, caused by the planet's distance from the Sun and its dusty, thin atmosphere. The panels will power InSight for at least one Martian year (two Earth years) for the first mission dedicated to studying Mars' deep interior. InSight's full name is Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport.

"Think of InSight as Mars' first health checkup in more than 4.5 billion years," said Bruce Banerdt of JPL, the mission's principal investigator. "We'll study its pulse by 'listening' for marsquakes with a seismometer. We'll take its temperature with a heat probe. And we'll check its reflexes with a radio experiment."
In addition to the solar panel test, engineers added a final touch: a microchip inscribed with more than 1.6 million names submitted by the public. It joins a chip containing almost 827,000 names that was glued to the top of InSight back in 2015, adding up to a total of about 2.4 million names going to Mars. "It's a fun way for the public to feel personally invested in the mission," Banerdt said. "We're happy to have them along for the ride."

The chips were inscribed at JPL's Microdevices Laboratory, which has added names and images to a number of spacecraft, including the Mars Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity rovers. Each character on the InSight microchips is just 400 nanometers wide. Compare that to a human hair, 100,000 nanometers wide, or a red blood cell, 8,000 nanometers wide.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/79808) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/79809)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.01.2018 09:23:07
ЦитатаNASA's Mars InSight Lander: Solar Array Deployment Test (Time Lapse)

 (https://yt3.ggpht.com/-hJLbF7ipaSA/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/QXJonnZjiQs/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg)  (https://www.youtube.com/user/JPLnews) NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 24 янв. 2018 г.

While in its landed configuration for the last time before arriving on Mars, NASA's InSight lander was commanded to deploy its solar arrays to test and verify the exact process that it will use on the surface of the Red Planet. During the test on Jan. 23, 2018, in a Lockheed Martin clean room in Littleton, Colorado, engineers and technicians evaluated that the solar arrays fully deployed and conducted an illumination test to confirm that the solar cells were collecting power. This time lapse video of the deployment is courtesy Lockheed Martin Space Systems.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3twtYCXxNohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3twtYCXxNo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3twtYCXxNo) (0:55)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 23.02.2018 08:21:26
Seven Ways Mars InSight is Different
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/seven-ways-mars-insight-is-different
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: KBOB от 23.02.2018 12:47:27
Лекция посвященная Insight
http://www.ustream.tv/nasajpl2 (22-23 февраля)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 01.03.2018 09:22:39
NASA InSight Mission to Mars Arrives at Launch Site (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/nasa-insight-mission-to-mars-arrives-at-launch-site)

ЦитатаNASA's InSight spacecraft has arrived at Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California to begin final preparations for a launch this May. The spacecraft was shipped from Lockheed Martin Space, Denver, today and arrived at Vandenberg at 3:49 p.m. PST (6:49 p.m. EST). The launch period for InSight opens May 5 and continues through June 8. InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet's interior by listening for marsquakes and measuring the planet's heat output. It will also be the first planetary spacecraft to launch from the West Coast.

"The Air Force C-17 crew from the 21st Airlift Squadron gave us a great ride," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager, from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "Next time InSight travels as high and as fast, it will be about 23 seconds into its launch, on the way to Mars."

At the Astrotech payload processing facility at Vandenberg, InSight will soon be removed from its shipping container -- the first of several remaining milestones to prepare it for launch. Later next week, the spacecraft will begin functional testing to verify its state of health after the flight from Colorado. After that, the team will load updated flight software and perform a series of mission readiness tests. These tests involve the entire spacecraft flight system, the associated science instruments and the ground data system.

"One of the most important activities before launch is to load the spacecraft with the fuel needed for the journey to Mars," said Hoffman. "After fuel loading, the spacecraft will undergo a spin-balance test to determine precisely the center of mass. This knowledge is needed to be sure the entry and descent into the Mars atmosphere goes as planned."

InSight will be carried into space aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V-401 rocket lifting off from Space Launch Complex 3E at Vandenberg Air Force Base. For a May 5 liftoff, the launch window opens at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) and remains open through 6:05 a.m. PDT (9:05 a.m. EDT).

InSight will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to map the deep interior of Mars. These waves travel through geologic materials at different speeds and reflect off boundaries, giving scientists a glimpse of the composition and structure of the planet's interior. They reflect the initial formation of the planet, and the resulting insights into how Mars formed will help us better understand how other rocky planets are created, including our own Earth.

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. A number of European partners, includingFrance's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/80803)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 02.03.2018 19:33:20
ЦитатаMay 5Atlas 5 • InSight
Launch window: 1105-1305 GMT (7:05-9:05 a.m. EDT; 4:05-6:05 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
 8)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 03.03.2018 15:44:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg) (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow)Spaceflight Now (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow)@SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow)·9 ч
 (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/969782431317446656)
NASA's InSight Mars lander arrived at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California this week after a journey from a Lockheed Martin factory in Colorado. The robotic mission is set blast off May 5 aboard an Atlas 5 rocket.  :!:  InSight's launch window May 5 opens at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT) and extends for two hours. The mission has until June 8 to launch and reach Mars for an automated landing Nov. 26.
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/80904)
а вот интересно в какой момент снимут этот брезент сверху?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 03.03.2018 20:20:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/877216729432240129/FixOob6K_bigger.jpg) (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin)Lockheed Martin (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin)@LockheedMartin (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin)·22 ч
 (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin/status/969663750872686594)
A little noisy in the clean room, but spic and span. Our own Scott Daniels shares how we got the @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) lander to the launch site. Next stop Mars!

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 05.03.2018 08:36:29
ЦитатаВАШИНГТОН, 5 марта. /Корр. ТАСС Дмитрий Кирсанов/. Функциональные испытания посадочного модуля InSight начинаются на базе ВВС США Ванденберг (штат Калифорния) перед его предстоящей в текущем году отправкой на Марс.
Как сообщила пресс-служба Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA), специалисты приступят к проведению серии этих тестов на текущей неделе. 28 февраля аппарат был доставлен на базу Ванденберг из Денвера (штат Колорадо) на борту военно-транспортного самолета С-17. Модуль доставили с предприятия изготовившей его корпорации Lockheed Martin. 30-дневное "окно" для старта с базы Ванденберг ракеты-носителя Atlas V, которой предстоит отправить модуль в примерно полугодовое путешествие к Марсу, откроется 5 мая.
По свидетельству NASA, по окончании функциональных испытаний будет обновлено программное обеспечение аппарата и начнется последняя череда тестов, в том числе после его заправки топливом. Параллельно будут проходить различные проверки научные инструменты, установленные на борту модуля. Намечается, что посадку аппарат произведет 26 ноября 2018 года, после чего проработает на Марсе 728 земных дней.
Функциональные испытания модуля InSight начинаются в США перед его отправкой на Марс  (http://tass.ru/kosmos/5007517)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 07.03.2018 08:30:44
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/877216729432240129/FixOob6K_bigger.jpg)Lockheed Martin‏Подлинная учетная запись @LockheedMartin (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin) 8 ч.8 часов назад (https://twitter.com/LockheedMartin/status/971143920460750853)

Unveiling the @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) Mars Lander! We shipped the lander to California on February 28 and it's launching to #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash) May 5.

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.03.2018 13:55:31
ЦитатаMars InSight Arrives at Vandenberg Air Force Base

(https://yt3.ggpht.com/-hJLbF7ipaSA/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/QXJonnZjiQs/s88-c-k-no-mo-rj-c0xffffff/photo.jpg) (https://www.youtube.com/user/JPLnews)  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)


Опубликовано: 7 мар. 2018 г.

NASA's InSight spacecraft arrived at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, to begin final preparations for launch. InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet's interior by listening for marsquakes and measuring its heat output. It will be the first planetary spacecraft to launch from this west coast launch facility. The launch period for InSight opens May 5, 2018 and continues through June 8, 2018. For more about the mission, visit https://mars.nasa.gov/insight (https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=https%3A%2F%2Fmars.nasa.gov%2Finsight&event=video_description&v=FQtjra0uEnc&redir_token=wWazz7cXt7crVSGw9oZ-VrDywwJ8MTUyMDU5MjQyN0AxNTIwNTA2MDI3) .
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQtjra0uEnchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQtjra0uEnc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQtjra0uEnc) (0:40)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: che wi от 09.03.2018 13:19:41
Engineering For Mars: NASA InSight Mission Test Lab (360 Video) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSXnw-fJbGk)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSXnw-fJbGk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSXnw-fJbGk)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.03.2018 14:53:14
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/timeline/launch/
ЦитатаAbout InSight's Launch

InSight is scheduled to launch under pre-dawn skies from Vandenberg Air Force Base on the central coast of California in May 2018.

The mission's launch period is May 5 through June 8, 2018, with daily launch windows that last two hours per day. Launch opportunities are set five minutes apart during each date's launch window. The first opportunity begins at approximately 4:00 a.m. Pacific Standard Time on May 5.

InSight will launch from Launch Complex 3 and ride atop an Atlas V-401 rocket provided by United Launch Alliance, Centennial Colorado, a joint venture of Boeing Co. and Lockheed Martin Corp.

The Atlas V is one of the biggest rockets available for interplanetary flight. This is the same type of rocket that launched the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in 2005.

The launch is only the beginning; the trip to Mars takes about six months. The journey is about 301 million miles (485 million kilometers).

No matter at what particular time and date InSight launches during its launch windows, its date with Mars is set for Nov. 26, 2018.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.03.2018 21:55:46
https://www.nasa.gov/social/witness-the-first-interplanetary-launch-from-west-coast
Цитата(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/ubernode_alt_horiz/public/thumbnails/image/pia19811-16.jpg) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia19811-16.jpg)

March 13, 2018

Witness NASA's Next Mars Spacecraft Liftoff in the First Interplanetary Launch fr om the West Coast

Are you a digital creator, citizen journalist or active on social media? Do you have an idea for a unique way to share the story of the West Coast's first interplanetary rocket launch? Apply now to attend launch activities for NASA's InSight mission, May 3-5, at Vandenberg Air Force Base in Lompoc, California.
InSight's launch begins a six-month journey to Mars, wh ere the lander will deploy the first seismometer to the surface of another planet. By measuring marsquakes, InSight will map the deep interior of Mars to help us better understand how rocky planets, including Earth, are formed.
...
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission.

For more information on InSight, visit: https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/
...
Last Updated: March 13, 2018
Editor: Emily Furfaro
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.03.2018 23:45:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/975451996688961541)

The @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) booster for @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)'s Mars mission was recently lifted to vertical in preparation for the first interplanetary launch from the west coast on May 5.
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DYl_dcCWAAE06wQ.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DYl_gHAWsAETUev.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DYl_mnIW0AAnBtc.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DYl_o5xX0AAwxRE.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.03.2018 18:57:22
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/03/21/nasas-insight-arrives-at-vandenberg-begins-preflight-processing/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight arrives at Vandenberg, Begins Preflight Processing

Bob Granath (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/rgranath/)
Posted Mar 21, 2018 at 11:14 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/03/VAFB-20180302-PH_ANV01_0068-1200x809.jpg)

Inside the Astrotech processing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, spacecraft has been mounted on to a rotation fixture for testing. InSight is scheduled to launch May 5, atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket for its trip to Mars.
InSight was developed and built by Lockheed-Martin Space Systems in Denver, Colorado, and arrived at Vandenberg on Feb. 28 aboard a U.S. Air Force C-17 aircraft. The spacecraft then was transported to the Astrotech facility at the West Coast launch site.

This mission will be the first to look deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. It will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the Red Planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.

Photo credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Alex Valdez
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 21.03.2018 22:12:36
Кстати, а почему запуск с Ванденберга?
Вроде к Марсу всегда с Канаверала запускали?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 23.03.2018 22:06:50
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg)Spaceflight Now‏ @SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow) сейчас1 минуту назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/977285965478842371)


Ground crews at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California have raised an Atlas 5 rocket on its launch pad for liftoff of NASA's InSight Mars lander in May. InSight will be the first mission to another planet to launch from the West Coast.

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.03.2018 00:19:13
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/03/23/atlas-5-rocket-assembled-for-first-mars-mission-launch-from-vandenberg/
ЦитатаAtlas 5 rocket assembled for first Mars mission launch fr om Vandenberg
March 23, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/03/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40801366992_c28a2aa222_k.jpg)
The Atlas 5's first stage booster for the InSight mission arrives at Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg Air Force Base. Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

Ground crews at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California raised a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket on its launch pad earlier this month in preparation for liftoff May 5 with NASA's InSight lander heading to Mars.

The two-stage rocket was assembled in three pieces, beginning with the stacking of the Atlas 5's first stage booster March 3 at Space Launch Complex 3-East. The first stage's RD-180 main engine will burn a mixture of kerosene and liquid oxygen to send the InSight spacecraft out of the Earth's atmosphere during the first four minutes of the flight.

The Atlas 5's Centaur upper stage, powered by an Aerojet Rocketdyne RL10 engine, was installed on top of the first stage March 6. The Centaur engine, consuming liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, will dispatch the InSight probe with enough velocity to escape Earth's gravity and head for Mars.

Two days later, on March 8, a boattail structure was added to the top of the Centaur stage. The boattail provides an aerodynamic and structural connection between the Centaur and the Atlas 5's payload fairing, which will be lifted on top of the rocket with the InSight spacecraft next month.

Liftoff is scheduled for May 5 during two-hour launch window that opens at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT). The InSight mission has until June 8 to depart Earth, a month-long period determined by the planetary positions of Earth and Mars in the solar system.
Built by Lockheed Martin, InSight will reach Mars on Nov. 26, using a heat shield, a supersonic parachute and retro-rockets to steer toward a soft touchdown on Elysium Planitia, a broad equatorial plain. Once on the ground, the lander will survey its surroundings with cameras, then use its robotic arm to place a seismometer instrument on the surface to listen for tremors that could provide clues about the red planet's deep interior.

InSight will also drill into the Martian crust to a depth of nearly 16 feet, or 5 meters, to measure the heat coming up from the Martian interior. That is deeper than any previous Mars mission has scooped or drilled.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/PIA22228-br2.jpg)
Artist's concept of the InSight lander on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Scientists hope InSight will help them understand how rocky planets like Mars and Earth formed and evolved over the approximately 4.5 billion-year history of the solar system.

InSight will become the first mission to another planet launched from Vandenberg, the primary launch base on the U.S. West Coast. ULA and NASA officials agreed to launch InSight from California to alleviate demands on the launch schedule at Cape Canaveral, wh ere around a half-dozen Atlas 5 missions are planned this year.

InSight will be the only Atlas 5 launch from Vandenberg in 2018, and the relatively light weight of the spacecraft is well within the Atlas 5's lift capacity, eliminating the need to receive an extra boost of energy from Earth's rotation by launching to the east from Florida's Space Coast.

The launch of InSight will be the 78th flight of an Atlas 5 rocket since its debut in August 2002, and the 15th Atlas 5 mission from Vandenberg Air Force Base. InSight will be the fourth Mars mission to blast off atop an Atlas 5, after successful missions to send the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, the Curiosity rover and the MAVEN atmospheric research mission to the red planet.

InSight was originally supposed to launch in March 2016, but difficulties developing and testing the lander's seismometer science instrument prompted officials to keep the mission grounded until 2018. Scientists say the seismometer problem has been resolved.


(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39033764500_5ac27451e6_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39033759250_cd29febe41_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40801361442_dd75aa3e6c_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39033751830_853c9e28f7_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40801359412_e0aed8c2d4_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39949149265_c31842ca43_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39162996690_22b74c3e12_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/39162991810_d53179d39f_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40971549521_a205d36127_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40930063312_23d1cab64b_k.jpg)
Credit: U.S. Air Force 30th Space Wing/Arron Taubman

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40971547361_3ce813449c_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40930060072_105846e800_k.jpg)
Credit: U.S. Air Force 30th Space Wing/Arron Taubman

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/26100559637_3cf34f4f12_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/40078470815_bfaa6cc205_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/26100544117_6c979d9f41_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.03.2018 16:06:35
ЦитатаMars in a Minute: Are There Quakes on Mars?

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 28 мар. 2018 г.

Are there earthquakes on Mars?  Or rather, "marsquakes?"  And what could they teach us about the Red Planet?  Find out more in this 60-second video and by visiting mars.nasa.gov/insight.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Dc-8WOtJPYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Dc-8WOtJPY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Dc-8WOtJPY) (1:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.03.2018 16:10:00
ЦитатаNASA Mars InSight Overview

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 29 мар. 2018 г.

NASA's next mission to Mars is weeks away from its May 2018 launch. InSight is more than a Mars mission. Its team members hope to unlock the mysteries of the formation and evolution of rocky planets, including Earth.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKLITDmm4NAhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKLITDmm4NA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKLITDmm4NA) (2:31)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 30.03.2018 16:14:49
ЦитатаInSight: Digging Deep into Mars

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 16 часов назад

Original air date: Thursday, March 29 at 2 p.m. PT (5 p.m. ET, 2100 UTC)

NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander will study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all rocky planets formed, including Earth and its moon. The lander's instruments include a seismometer to detect marsquakes and a probe that will monitor the flow of heat in the planet's subsurface.

News briefing participants were:

• Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington
• Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL
• Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
• Jaime Singer, InSight instrument deployment lead at JPL

InSight will be the first planetary spacecraft to take off from the West Coast. It's scheduled to launch May 5 aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. If pre-dawn skies are clear, the launch will be visible from Santa Maria to San Diego, California.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y2Hh3FeRrMUhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y2Hh3FeRrMU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y2Hh3FeRrMU) (1:00:49)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.04.2018 16:09:52
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/getting-insight-on-the-interior-of-mars
ЦитатаMarch 29, 2018

Getting InSight on the Interior of Mars

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width_feature/public/thumbnails/image/insight.jpg) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/insight.jpg)

Testing continued on NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, spacecraft on inside the Astrotech processing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in early March 2018.

InSight is scheduled to launch on May 5, 2018, and will be the first mission to explore the deep interior of Mars, studying the size, thickness, density and overall structure of the Red Planet's core, mantle and crust. It will investigate processes that shaped all the rocky planets of the inner solar system, including Earth.

Learn more about the InSight (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html) mission.

Image Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Alex Valdez

Last Updated: March 29, 2018
Editor: Yvette Smith
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.04.2018 08:40:07
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 6 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/982401503393529856)

Last look from the cleanroom in the Astrotech facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base before I fly ~301 million miles to get to #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash). My launch is scheduled for #CincoDeMayo (https://twitter.com/hashtag/CincoDeMayo?src=hash) at 4:05 a.m. Pacific. (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f30c.png) More on my launch: http://go.nasa.gov/2E7JZkY  (https://t.co/DZ8GsDTfGc)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaIvsIBVwAEuN3a.jpg)
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(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaIvuplVQAE_eb-.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2018 08:14:28
ЦитатаWatching the First Interplanetary Launch fr om America's West Coast

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 6 апр. 2018 г.

NASA's InSight to Mars will be the first interplanetary launch from America's West Coast. Residents in some of California's coastal communities could get a front row seat when the mission launches from Vandenberg Air Force Base. Here's when and wh ere to see it.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4) (2:09)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2018 08:24:29
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7095
ЦитатаAPRIL 6, 2018

Bound for Mars: Countdown to First Interplanetary Launch fr om California

(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/insight/20180406/insight20180406-16.jpg)
NASA's InSight to Mars undergoes final preparations at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., ahead of its May 5 launch date. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Larger view (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/insight/20180406/insight20180406.jpg)

In the early morning hours of May 5, millions of Californians will have an opportunity to witness a sight they have never seen before - the historic first interplanetary launch from America's West Coast. On board the 189-foot-tall (57.3-meter) United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket will be NASA's InSight spacecraft, destined for the Elysium Planitia region located in Mars' northern hemisphere. The May 5 launch window for the InSight mission opens at 4:05 am PDT (7:05 EDT, 11:05 UTC) and remains open for two hours.
"If you live in Southern California and the weather is right, you'll probably have a better view of the launch than I will," said Tom Hoffman, project manager for NASA's InSight mission from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "I'll be stuck inside a control room looking at monitors -- which is not the best way to enjoy an Atlas 5 on its way to Mars."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4)
(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AuNfBRaywU4) 2:09)
NASA's InSight to Mars will be the first interplanetary launch from America's West Coast. Residents in some of California's coastal communities could get a front row seat when the mission launches from Vandenberg Air Force Base. Here's when and wh ere to see it.

In clear skies, the InSight launch should be viewable up and down a wide swath of the California coast. Residents from as far north as Bakersfield to perhaps as far south as Rosarito, Mexico, may see the Atlas rocket rising in the predawn sky and then heading south, parallel to the coastline.

The United Launch Alliance two-stage Atlas V 401 launch vehicle will produce 860,200 pounds (3.8 million newtons) of thrust as it climbs away from its launch pad at Vandenberg Air Force Base, near Lompoc, California. During the first 17 seconds of powered flight, the Atlas V will climb vertically above its launch pad. Then it will begin a pitch and yaw maneuver that will place it on a trajectory towards Earth's south pole.

"After lift-off from Vandenberg's Space Launch Complex 3, the Atlas V begins a southerly trajectory and climbs out over the Channel Islands off Oxnard," said Tim Dunn, launch director for the Launch Services Program at the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida. "If you live on the California Central Coast or south to L.A. and San Diego, be sure to get up early on May 5th, because Atlas V is the gold standard in launch vehicles and it can put on a great show."

Mach One occurs 1 minute and 18 seconds into the Atlas V's powered flight. At that time the vehicle will be about 30,000 feet (9 kilometers) in altitude and 1 mile (1.75 kilometers) down range. Two minutes and 36 seconds later, the Atlas first stage will shut down at an altitude of about 66 miles (106 kilometers) and 184 miles (296 kilometers) down range. The Centaur second stage (carrying InSight inside a 40-foot-long payload fairing) separates from the now-dead first stage six seconds later. Ten seconds later, the Centaur's engine kicks in with its 22,890 pounds (101,820 newtons) of thrust, which will carry it and InSight into its 115-mile-high (185-kilometer) parking orbit 13 minutes and 16 seconds after launch. This parking orbit will last 59 to 66 minutes, depending on the date and time of the launch. The Centaur will then re-ignite for one last burn at one hour and 19 minutes after launch, placing InSight into a Mars-bound interplanetary trajectory. Spacecraft separation from the Centaur will occur about 93 minutes after liftoff for the first May 5 launch opportunity as the spacecraft is approximately over the Alaska-Yukon region.

InSight's launch period is May 5 through June 8, 2018, with multiple launch opportunities over windows of approximately two hours each date. Launch opportunities are set five minutes apart during each date's window.

Additional information on viewing the launch in person is at:https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/timeline/launch/watch-in-person/.

Live televised coverage of the launch will be available at:https://www.nasa.gov/live.

Whichever date the launch occurs, InSight's landing on Mars is planned for Nov. 26, 2018, around noon PST (3 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC).

NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (http://www.nasa.gov/insight)) lander will study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all rocky planets formed, including Earth and its moon. The lander's instruments include a seismometer to detect marsquakes and a probe that will monitor the flow of heat in the planet's subsurface.

NASA' s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. NASA's Launch Services Program at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida provides launch management. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is NASA's launch service provider of the Atlas 5 rocket. A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission.

For more information about InSight, visit:

https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/

News Media Contact

DC Agle
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-9011
agle@jpl.nasa.gov

JoAnna Wendel
NASA Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1003
joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov

2018-069
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2018 08:35:06
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/08/nasas-insight-lander-inside-one-month-to-launch-toward-mars/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight lander inside one month to launch toward Mars
April 8, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-11.jpg)
InSight's heat shield (left) will soon be re-installed on the Mars lander (right) in preparation for launch May 5 fr om Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now

NASA's InSight Mars lander will be buttoned up for launch in the coming weeks at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, in preparation for its hoisting atop an Atlas 5 rocket for blastoff in the predawn hours of May 5.

The Lockheed Martin-built spacecraft has completed a series of checkouts since arriving at Vandenberg, a military base located northwest of Los Angeles, on Feb. 28. Engineers removed the InSight lander's heat shield for final electronics testing and fueling.

With fuel for its control thrusters and landing rockets now loaded, and launch less than four weeks away, ground crews inside the Astrotech spacecraft processing facility at Vandenberg will re-install the heat shield, lift the spacecraft on top of the Atlas 5's payload attach fitting, then encapsulate the probe inside the Atlas 5's nose shroud.

Once cocooned inside the payload fairing, InSight will be transported to Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg, where cranes will hoist the spacecraft on top of the Atlas 5 launcher already assembled at the pad inside a mobile service tower.

ULA's launch team completed a fueling test and countdown rehearsal on the Atlas 5 rocket last month. Such tests, called "wet dress rehearsals," are not part of a normal Atlas 5 launch campaign, but officials ordered the operation as an extra step to ensure the rocket is ready for InSight's 34-day launch period.

Liftoff is scheduled for May 5 during a two-hour launch window opening at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT).
InSight has until June 8 to launch from Vandenberg, when the ever-changing positions of Earth and Mars in the solar system make a direct trip possible. Mars launch opportunities come once every 26 months.

The lander will arrive at Mars on Nov. 26, regardless of the launch date from May 5 through June 8.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_mars_art1.jpg)
Artist's concept of the InSight lander on Mars, with its seismometer and heat probe instruments deployed on the surface. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

InSight will be the first mission to another planet to lift off from the U.S. West Coast. Vandenberg Air Force Base is typically host to launches into polar orbit, a type of orbit usually tailored for climate research missions, spy satellites and some communication applications.

NASA's interplanetary probes are usually reserved for launches from Cape Canaveral, wh ere rockets take off toward the east over the Atlantic Ocean for safety reasons. A launch toward the east gains an extra boost from the speed of Earth's rotation, allowing a rocket to carry a heavier payload.

But InSight is small -- it will weigh around 1,530 pounds (694 kilograms) at launch -- well below the lift capability of the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, which will fly in its basic "401" configuration with a four-meter payload fairing and no solid rocket boosters.

That means the Atlas 5 will not need the extra energy imparted during an eastward launch from Cape Canaveral, and ULA and NASA agreed to launch InSight from Vandenberg. Fewer Atlas 5 missions are scheduled from Vandenberg, so officials wanted to reduce the workload at ULA's busier launch base in Florida.

Designers based the InSight lander on NASA's Phoenix probe, which launched in August 2007 and touched down on the northern polar plains of Mars in May 2008. Diminishing solar power and cold temperatures limited Phoenix's lifetime to about five months -- two months longer than its three-month prime mission.

InSight will head for a broad plain near the Martian equator with ample sunlight year-round. Officials sel ected the landing site in Elysium Planitia for its safety -- there are few steep slopes or huge boulders. Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, calls it "the biggest parking lot on Mars."

No mission has landed at Elysium Planitia before, but NASA's Curiosity rover -- the last U.S. craft to land on Mars in 2012 -- is exploring Gale Crater nearly 400 miles (600 kilometers) to the south.

Scientists usually want to send Mars landers to places that show evidence of ancient water flows, allowing instruments to study whether the red planet may have once harbored life.

But InSight's scientific objectives go deeper.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_edl_diagram.jpg)
Diagram of the InSight spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Two instruments carried aboard the lander will study the Martian interior, listening for tremors and measuring heat coming from the planet's deep mantle and core. Scientists will also measure Mars' polar wobble by analyzing radio signals transmitted between InSight and Earth-based antennas.

"In essence, it will take the vital signs of Mars -- its pulse, temperature and much more," said Thomas Zurbuchen, head of NASA's science division. "We like to say it's the first thorough checkup since the planet formed four-and-a-half billion years ago."

Much of the ancient geologic record on Earth has eroded away, but Mars may still hold clues about how it was born, accreted rock and dust, and formed a hot, high-pressure mantle and core as heavier elements sunk deep beneath its surface.

"How we get from a ball of featureless rock into a planet that may or may not support life is a key question in planetary science," Banerdt said. "And these processes that do this all happen in the first tens of millions of years."

Discoveries made by InSight at Mars could inform scientists how the Earth formed and evolved.

"Mars is a smaller planet," Banerdt said. "It's less active than the Earth, so it has retained the fingerprints of those early processes in its basic structure -- the thickness of the crust, the compositon of the mantle, the size and composition of its core," he said. "By mapping out these boundaries, these various different sections of the inside of the planet, we can then understand better how the planet formed, and how our planet got to be the way it is."

The nearly $1 billion InSight mission carries a French-developed seismometer package and a German-built heat probe that will burrow to a depth of up to 16 feet (5 meters).

A nearly 8-foot-long (2.4-meter) robotic arm will place the seismometer and heat probe on the Martian surface next to the lander after touchdown. InSight's robotic arm was originally built for the canceled Mars Surveyor lander that was supposed to launch in 2001.

Officials hoped to launch InSight in March 2016, but problems testing the seismometer instrument forced a delay until the next Mars launch opportunity this year.

InSight's primary mission is expected to last more than a Martian year -- or nearly two Earth years -- through November 2020.

"This is something that I've dreamed about, and developed my career to, for 30 years now," Banerdt said. "We've been trying to refine this mission concept and get it ready to go, and finally we're right on the verge of taking off for Mars."

The photos below were taken Friday inside the Astrotech clean room at Vandenberg, showing the InSight lander inside its aerodynamic backshell and mated to the craft's cruise stage, which will steer the probe toward Mars after its launch May 5.

The cruise stage's power-generating solar panels will be launched in the extended configuration seen in these photos. Shortly before arriving at Mars, the cruise stage will separate fr om the entry vehicle and burn up in the Martian atmosphere, while the InSight lander makes its final ascent with the assistance of a supersonic parachute and braking thrusters.
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-1-1.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-3.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-5.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-8-1.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-9.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-13.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_aso_CC-14.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Виктор Левашов от 09.04.2018 13:31:24
Как я понял, они собираются до Марса за 5 месяцев добраться.
Старт в мае 2018.
Прибытие на Марс в ноябре 2018.

Как-то быстро.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.04.2018 16:16:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg)Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/983329875472867328)

FEATURE ARTICLE: InSight ready for final preparations for a trip to land on Mars -

https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2018/04/insight-final-preparations-trip-land-mars/ ... (https://t.co/5SThiJe6VX)

- By Philip Sloss including photos from him at the media event.
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaV7I4jX4AAbSlb.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaV7LhEX4AARXve.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaV7M8kW0AMDg1F.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DaV7OSzXkAI9S65.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 09.04.2018 17:21:44
Джентльмены, а где оно должно сесть?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 10.04.2018 01:49:19
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Джентльмены, а где оно должно сесть?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elysium_Planitia (//Elysium Planitia)

Равнина, довольно блиско к кратеру Гейла, где Кюриосити

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/1c/PIA22232insightlandingonmars.jpg/800px-PIA22232insightlandingonmars.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 10.04.2018 21:54:17
Спасибо.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 10.04.2018 21:59:26
У! Это на равнине Элизиум где льдины?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 11.04.2018 09:44:01
а шестиметрового бура хватить чтобы добуриться?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 11.04.2018 10:16:46
ЦитатаЧебурашка пишет:
а шестиметрового бура хватить чтобы добуриться?
Да кто ж их знает? Посмотрим. Пусть сначала долетят.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 13:23:37
НАСА выпустила пресс-кит миссии

mars_insight_launch_presskit.pdf (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/download/mars_insight_launch_presskit.pdf) - 6.8 MB, 67 стр, 2018-04-11 16:16:30 UTC
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 14:17:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82236)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 13.04.2018 14:21:53
В районе посадки "льдин" не видно. Зато кругом лопастные кратеры.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 14:24:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82237)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 14:32:30
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82238)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 14:45:08
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82240) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82241) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82242) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82243) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82244)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 15:05:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82245) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82246) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82248)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 13.04.2018 15:14:02
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82249) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82250)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 19:30:29
https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/atlas-v-insight
ЦитатаATLAS V TO LAUNCH INSIGHT

(https://www.ulalaunch.com/images/default-source/default-album/missionart_insight_sticker_cropped.tmb-medium.jpg?sfvrsn=fe3bff75_1&MaxWidth=400&MaxHeight=&ScaleUp=false&Quality=High&Method=ResizeFitToAreaArguments)
    [/li]
  • Rocket: Atlas V 401
  • Launch Date: Saturday, May 5, 2018
  • Launch Time: 4:05 a.m. PDT
  • Launch Broadcast: Details to come
  • Launch Location: Space Launch Complex-3, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
Mission Information: NASA's InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) mission will place a single geophysical lander on Mars to study its deep interior. The two-year InSight mission seeks to understand the evolutionary formation of rocky planets, including Earth, by investigating the interior structure and processes of Mars. InSight will also investigate the dynamics of Martian tectonic activity and meteorite impacts, which could offer clues about such phenomena on Earth.

Launch Notes: InSight will be the first interplanetary mission launched from the West Coast, thanks to the performance of the Atlas V rocket, which also will launch two CubeSats. InSight will be the 38th Atlas V rocket to launch in the 401 configuration and the 78th Atlas V to launch since the inaugural flight in 2002. ULA and its heritage rockets have launched every U.S.-led mission to Mars, including the Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity rovers as well as the MAVEN satellite.

Launch Updates: To keep up to speed with updates to the launch countdown, dial the ULA launch hotline at 1-877-852-4321 or join the conversation at www.facebook.com/ulalaunch (https://www.facebook.com/ulalaunch), twitter.com/ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) and instagram.com/ulalaunch (https://instagram.com/ulalaunch); hashtag #AtlasV.

Go Atlas! Go Centaur! InSight!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 19:33:32
ULA выпустил буклет миссии

mob_insightfinal.pdf (https://www.ulalaunch.com/docs/default-source/launch-booklets/mob_insightfinal.pdf) - 3.1 MB, 2 стр, 2018-04-15 03:00:04 UTC
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 19:39:13
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82380)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 19:42:14
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82381)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 19:56:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82382) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82383)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.04.2018 20:06:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82384)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 15.04.2018 20:19:14
Фигасе финт ушами! Трасса NOSSа, опорная орбита 63 градуса. Лавры Марса-1 не дают покоя, чтоли? :)
 Я думал вообще через 90 градусов полетят. 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 15.04.2018 20:21:06
Отработка межпланетного импульса над Восточным! :) 
А каково объяснение столь хитрой траектории? 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.04.2018 20:31:06
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/04/19/atlas-v-prepared-to-boost-nasas-insight-to-mars/
ЦитатаAtlas V Prepared to Boost NASA's InSight to Mars

Bob Granath (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/rgranath/)
Posted Apr 19, 2018 at 10:51 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/Atlas-V-Centaur-at-VAFB-1024x611.jpg)

At Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, the United Launch Alliance Atlas V booster and Centaur upper stage are lifted for positioning on the launch pad at Space Launch Complex 3. The rocket will launch NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, spacecraft for its trip to Mars.
While processing of the InSight spacecraft continues in the Astrotech facility at Vandenberg, the Atlas V booster was transported to the launch pad on March 3, 2018 (photo on the left). Three days later, technicians and engineers assisted as the Centaur upper stage was mated atop the Atlas V (photo on the right).

On March 8, the boattail fairing was mated atop the Centaur. The boattail is an adaptor providing an interface between the Centaur and the payload fairing encapsulating InSight. Once encapsulated in its payload faring, InSight will be transported to the launch pad and mounted atop the Atlas V. Liftoff is scheduled for May 5, 2018.

InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface. It will study the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. InSight will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the InSight mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by its Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. Several European partners, including France's space agency, the Centre National d'Étude Spatiales, and the German Aerospace Center, are supporting the mission. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is providing the Atlas V launch service. NASA's Launch Services Program, based at its Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is responsible for launch management.

Atlas booster photo credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin
Centaur lift photo credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Arron Taubman
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 16:33:36
ЦитатаNASA's First Deep Space CubeSats

NASA 360 (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC55MqAQLf6S5tSphpOi_1PA)

Опубликовано: 19 апр. 2018 г.

NASA's Mars Cube One, or MarCO, is heading to deep space to test a first-of-its-kind technology demonstration: near-real-time communication between Earth and Mars using CubeSats.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_8ZEAPrrHQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_8ZEAPrrHQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_8ZEAPrrHQ) (0:53)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.04.2018 16:44:42
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7101
ЦитатаAPRIL 19, 2018
NASA Engineers Dream Big with Small Spacecraft

(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/images/largesize/PIA22314_hires.jpg)
An artist's rendering of the twin Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft as they fly through deep space. The MarCOs will be the first CubeSats -- a kind of modular, mini-satellite -- attempting to fly to another planet. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech 
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22314)


(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/images/largesize/PIA22317_hires.jpg)
Engineer Joel Steinkraus uses sunlight to test the solar arrays on one of the Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22317)


(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/images/largesize/PIA22321_hires.jpg)
Joel Steinkraus, MarCO lead mechanical engineer fr om JPL, makes an adjustment on the CubeSat prior to integration in a deployment box as seen inside the cleanroom lab at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo on Monday, March 12. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Tyvak/Cal Poly SLO 
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22321)


(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/images/largesize/PIA22322_hires.jpg)
One of the MarCO CubeSats inside a cleanroom at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, before being placed into its deployment box. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Tyvak/Cal Poly SLO
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22322)
Many of NASA's most iconic spacecraft towered over the engineers who built them: think Voyagers 1 and 2, Cassini or Galileo -- all large machines that could measure up to a school bus.

But in the past two decades, mini-satellites called CubeSats have made space accessible to a new generation. These briefcase-sized boxes are more focused in their abilities and have a fraction of the mass -- and cost -- of some past titans of space.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpzQKYC6nLf6M9AuBbng_O8&time_continue=2&v=P_8ZEAPrrHQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpzQKYC6nLf6M9AuBbng_O8&time_continue=2&v=P_8ZEAPrrHQ)
(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpzQKYC6nLf6M9AuBbng_O8&time_continue=2&v=P_8ZEAPrrHQ) 0:53)
NASA's Mars Cube One, or MarCO, is heading to deep space to test a first-of-its-kind technology demonstration: near-real-time communication between Earth and Mars using CubeSats.

In May, engineers will be watching closely as NASA launches its first pair of CubeSats designed for deep space. The twin spacecraft are called Mars Cube One, or MarCO, and were built at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Both MarCO spacecraft will be hitching a ride on the same rocket launching InSight, NASA's next robotic lander headed for Mars. The MarCOs are intended to follow InSight on its cruise through space; if they survive the journey, each is equipped with a folding high-gain antenna to relay data about InSight as it enters the Martian atmosphere and lands.

The MarCOs won't produce any science of their own, and aren't required for InSight to send its data back home (the lander will rely on NASA's Mars orbiters for that, in addition to communicating directly with antennas on Earth). But the twins will be a crucial first test of CubeSat technology beyond Earth orbit, demonstrating how they could be used to further explore the solar system.

"These are our scouts," said Andy Klesh of JPL, MarCO's chief engineer. "CubeSats haven't had to survive the intense radiation of a trip to deep space before, or use propulsion to point their way towards Mars. We hope to blaze that trail."

The official names of these two scouts are "MarCO-A" and "MarCO-B." But to the team that built them, they're "Wall-E" and "Eva" -- nicknames based on Pixar characters. Both MarCOs use a compressed gas commonly found in fire extinguishers to push themselves through space, the same way Wall-E did in his 2008 film.

Survival is far from guaranteed. As the saying goes: space is hard. The first challenge will be switching on. The MarCO batteries were last checked in March by Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems of Irvine, California, which ins erted each CubeSat into a special dispenser that will propel it in to space. Those batteries will be used to deploy each CubeSat's solar arrays, with the hope that enough power will be left over to turn on their radios. If power is too low, the MarCO team may hear silence until each spacecraft is more fully charged.

If both MarCOs make the journey, they'll test a method of communications relay that could act as a "black box" for future Mars landings, helping engineers understand the difficult process of getting spacecraft to safely touch down on the Red Planet. Mars landings are notoriously hard to stick.

The MarCOs could also prove that CubeSats are ready to go beyond Earth. CubeSats were first developed to teach university students about satellites. Today, they're a major commercial technology, providing data on everything from shipping routes to environmental changes.

NASA scientists are eager (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-selects-cubesat-smallsat-mission-concept-studies) to explore the solar system using CubeSats. JPL even has its own CubeSat clean room (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=4781), wh ere several flight projects have been built, including the MarCOs. For young engineers, the thrill is building something that could potentially reach Mars in just a matter of years rather than a decade.

"We're a small team, so everyone gets experience working on multiple parts of the spacecraft," Klesh said. "You learn everything about building, testing and flying along the way. We're inventing every day at this point."

The MarCOs were built by JPL, which manages InSight and MarCO for NASA. They were funded by both JPL and NASA's Science Mission Directorate. A number of commercial suppliers provided unique technologies for the MarCOs. A full list, along with more information about the spacecraft, can be found here (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/appendix/mars-cube-one/).

News Media Contact

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov
2018-077
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: hlynin от 24.04.2018 10:34:05
-- НАСА. Марс "Инсайт" (NASA, Mars InSight Launch) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/nasa/2018/mars_insight_launch_presskit.pdf) NASA. Press Kit, May 2018 в pdf - 6,81 Мб
 «Следующая миссия NASA на Марс - Инсайт - начнется с ВВС Ванденберга в Калифорнии уже 5 мая 2018 года. Ожидается, что она достигнет Красной Планеты 26 ноября 2018 года. InSight - это миссия на Марс, но это больше, чем миссия к Марсу, это поможет ученым понять формирование и раннюю эволюцию всех твёрдых планет, включая Землю. Технологический демонстратор под названием Mars Cube One (MarCO) совмещен с запуском InSight и отправится отдельно на Марс». - Пресс-кит дает обзор космических аппаратов, миссии, целей науки и экспериментов. Приложение посвещено Mars Cube One Tech Demo.
 скачал отсюда https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/download/mars_insight_launch_presskit.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 23:34:07
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/24/insight-mars-lander-joined-with-atlas-5-launcher-at-vandenberg-air-force-base/
ЦитатаInSight Mars lander joined with Atlas 5 launcher at Vandenberg Air Force Base
April 24, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/40111626902_fcd8497204_k.jpg)
File photo of a payload being lifted atop an Atlas 5 rocket at Vandenberg Air Force Base before a previous mission. Credit: United Launch Alliance

Ground crews at Vandenberg Air Force Base on California's Central Coast hoisted NASA's InSight Mars lander atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket Monday, kicking off nearly two weeks of integrated tests and checkouts before the probe's interplanetary launch window opens May 5.
Enclosed within the Atlas 5's metallic 13.8-foot (4.2-meter) diameter shroud, the InSight spacecraft was transferred fr om an Astrotech payload processing facility to Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg early Monday. A crane lifted the probe top the Atlas 5 rocket protected inside the launch pad's mobile gantry, and technicians mated the payload on top of the Atlas 5's Centaur upper stage.

With the addition of InSight and its aerodynamic enclosure, the Atlas 5 rocket stands 188 feet (57 meters) tall.

No photos of payload lift operation were released by NASA or ULA as of Tuesday afternoon.

The final assembly of the Atlas 5 rocket is one of the last major steps before launch. Engineers will check electrical connections between the launcher and its payload in a series of tests over the next few days, setting up for final readiness reviews next week and the start of countdown preparations the evening of Friday, May 4, with the retraction of the mobile service tower at the SLC-3E launch pad.

InSight has a two-hour launch predawn window May 5 opening at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT). The nearly $1 billion mission, funded primarily by NASA with contributions from France and Germany, has until June 8 to launch from Vandenberg, when the ever-changing positions of Earth and Mars in the solar system make a direct trip possible. Mars launch opportunities come once every 26 months.

The lander will arrive at Mars on Nov. 26, regardless of the launch date from May 5 through June 8.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/40898759232_584171f011_k.jpg)
NASA's InSight spacecraft, pictured here in its cruise configuration, during launch preparations in a clean room at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Alex Valdez

InSight will be the first mission to another planet to launch from Vandenberg, a military base on the Pacific coast between Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Vandenberg Air Force Base is typically host to launches into polar orbit, a type of orbit usually tailored for climate research missions, spy satellites and some communication applications.

NASA's interplanetary probes are usually reserved for launches from Cape Canaveral, wh ere rockets take off toward the east over the Atlantic Ocean for safety reasons. A launch toward the east gains an extra boost from the speed of Earth's rotation, allowing a rocket to carry a heavier payload.

But InSight is small -- it will weigh around 1,530 pounds (694 kilograms) at launch -- well below the lift capability of the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, which will fly in its basic "401" configuration with a four-meter payload fairing and no solid rocket boosters.

That means the Atlas 5 will not need the extra energy imparted during an eastward launch from Cape Canaveral, and ULA and NASA agreed to launch InSight from Vandenberg. Fewer Atlas 5 missions are scheduled from Vandenberg, so officials wanted to reduce the workload at ULA's busier launch base in Florida.

"We're really excited," said Lt. Col. Kenneth Decker, commander of the 4th Space Launch Squadron at Vandenberg, in an interview with Spaceflight Now earlier this year. "Since it's not a classified mission and it's more public, it's fun for our squadron because we can interact a little more and share information with our families and other people."

The 4th Space Launch Squadron provides support for ULA's Atlas and Delta rocket missions at Vandenberg, a launch manifest that is primarily comprised of secret spy satellites for the U.S. government.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/40762781112_2627fcd5b9_k.jpg)
One half of the Atlas 5 rocket's payload shroud for the InSight mission. Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Julio Paz

Designers based the InSight lander on NASA's Phoenix probe, which launched in August 2007 and touched down on the northern polar plains of Mars in May 2008. Diminishing solar power and cold temperatures limited Phoenix's lifetime to about five months -- two months longer than its three-month prime mission.

InSight will head for a broad plain near the Martian equator with ample sunlight year-round. Officials sel ected the landing site in Elysium Planitia for its safety -- there are few steep slopes or huge boulders. Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, calls it "the biggest parking lot on Mars."

A robotic arm on InSight will place a French-built seismometer on the surface of Mars near the lander, and a heat probe provided by the German space agency, DLR, will burrow up to 16 feet (5 meters) underground to measure thermal energy coming from the red planet's interior.

Scientists will collect the seismic and thermal data to find out about the structure of Mars's crust, mantle and core. The information will help geologists understand how rocky planets like Mars, and Earth, formed in the early solar system.

The geologic record dating back to the birth of the planets some 4.5 billion years ago has been erased on Earth.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39779557690_b148d40bf5_k.jpg)
United Launch Alliance conducted a "wet dress rehearsal" fueling test on the Atlas 5 rocket for the InSight mission last month. Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin

ULA's launch team at Vandenberg began assembling the Atlas 5 rocket on its launch pad at Vandenberg on March 3 with the stacking of the kerosene-fueled first stage booster.

The Atlas 5's Centaur upper stage, powered by an Aerojet Rocketdyne RL10 engine, was installed on top of the first stage March 6. The Centaur engine, consuming liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, will dispatch the InSight probe with enough velocity to escape Earth's gravity and head for Mars.

Two days later, on March 8, a boattail structure was added to the top of the Centaur stage. The boattail provides an aerodynamic and structural connection between the Centaur and the Atlas 5's payload fairing.

A pair of CubeSats that will accompany InSight to Mars were installed on their carrier aboard the Centaur upper stage last month. The CubeSats will fly by Mars and attempt to beam telemetry fr om InSight back to Earth during the lander's descent.

The launch team completed a countdown rehearsal March 22, during which the Atlas 5 was loaded with liquid propellants to simulate launch day procedures. The "wet dress rehearsal" is not part of a typical Atlas 5 launch campaign, but managers added the test to wring out any potential problems with the rocket well ahead of liftoff due to InSight's tight interplanetary launch period.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.04.2018 23:38:55
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/24/atlas-5-insight-launch-windows/
ЦитатаAtlas 5/InSight launch windows
April 24, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/launch.png)
Artist's concept of the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket on its launch pad at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Credit: NASA

he United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket carrying NASA's InSight lander toward Mars will have a roughly two-hour predawn launch window each day from May 5 through June 8 to boost the science probe into space from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

The nearly five-week launch period is dictated by the positions of Earth and Mars in the solar system, an alignment that occurs once every 26 months to make a direct journey between the planets possible.

The exact duration of the launch window varies day-to-day, but around two hours will be available each day, according to NASA. A unique launch opportunity is available every five minutes during each day's launch window.
InSight's landing on Mars will occur Nov. 26 around 3 p.m. EST (12 p.m. PST; 0800 GMT), no matter which day the probe blasts off from California. InSight is designed to study the deep interior structure of Mars with a pair of scientific instruments for at least two years.

Here are are the times for the opening of each day's launch window from May 5 through June 8 (Data source: NASA/JPL):
    [/li]
  • May 5: 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT)
  • May 6: 3:55 a.m. PDT (6:55 a.m. EDT; 1055 GMT)
  • May 7: 3:50 a.m. PDT (6:50 a.m. EDT; 1050 GMT)
  • May 8: 3:40 a.m. PDT (6:40 a.m. EDT; 1040 GMT)
  • May 9: 3:35 a.m. PDT (6:35 a.m. EDT; 1035 GMT)
  • May 10: 3:30 a.m. PDT (6:30 a.m. EDT; 1030 GMT)
  • May 11: 3:20 a.m. PDT (6:20 a.m. EDT; 1020 GMT)
  • May 12: 3:15 a.m. PDT (6:15 a.m. EDT; 1015 GMT)
  • May 13: 3:10 a.m. PDT (6:10 a.m. EDT; 1010 GMT)
  • May 14: 3:00 a.m. PDT (6:00 a.m. EDT; 1000 GMT)
  • May 15: 2:55 a.m. PDT (5:55 a.m. EDT; 0955 GMT)
  • May 16: 2:45 a.m. PDT (5:45 a.m. EDT; 0945 GMT)
  • May 17: 2:40 a.m. PDT (5:40 a.m. EDT; 0940 GMT)
  • May 18: 2:35 a.m. PDT (5:35 a.m. EDT; 0935 GMT)
  • May 19: 2:25 a.m. PDT (5:25 a.m. EDT; 0925 GMT)
  • May 20: 2:20 a.m. PDT (5:20 a.m. EDT: 0920 GMT)
  • May 21: 2:10 a.m. PDT (5:10 a.m. EDT; 0910 GMT)
  • May 22: 2:05 a.m. PDT (5:05 a.m. EDT; 0905 GMT)
  • May 23: 2:00 a.m. PDT (5:00 a.m. EDT; 0900 GMT)
  • May 24: 1:50 a.m. PDT (4:50 a.m. EDT; 0850 GMT)
  • May 25: 1:45 a.m. PDT (4:45 a.m. EDT; 0845 GMT)
  • May 26: 1:40 a.m. PDT (4:40 a.m. EDT; 0840 GMT)
  • May 27: 1:35 a.m. PDT (4:35 a.m. EDT; 0835 GMT)
  • May 28: 1:30 a.m. PDT (4:30 a.m. EDT; 0830 GMT)
  • May 29: 1:25 a.m. PDT (4:25 a.m. EDT; 0825 GMT)
  • May 30: 1:20 a.m. PDT (4:20 a.m. EDT; 0820 GMT)
  • May 31: 1:10 a.m. PDT (4:10 a.m. EDT; 0810 GMT)
  • June 1: 1:05 a.m. PDT (4:05 a.m. EDT; 0805 GMT)
  • June 2: 1:00 a.m. PDT (4:00 a.m. EDT; 0800 GMT)
  • June 3: 12:55 a.m. PDT (3:55 a.m. EDT; 0755 GMT)
  • June 4: 12:50 a.m. PDT (3:50 a.m. EDT; 0750 GMT)
  • June 5: 12:45 a.m. PDT (3:45 a.m. EDT; 0745 GMT)
  • June 6: 12:40 a.m. PDT (3:40 a.m. EDT; 0740 GMT)
  • June 7: 12:35 a.m. PDT (3:35 a.m. EDT; 0735 GMT)
  • June 8: 12:30 a.m. PDT (3:30 a.m. EDT; 0730 GMT)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.04.2018 23:33:42
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/04/27/nasas-insight-spacecraft-attached-to-atlas-v-rocket-for-launch/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight Spacecraft Attached to Atlas V Rocket for Launch

Linda Herridge (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/lherridg/)
Posted Apr 27, 2018 at 4:21 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/InSighttoLaunch-Pad-1024x684.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/InSighttoLaunch-Pad.jpg)
NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars Lander is transported to Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Photo credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Daniel Herrera

NASA's next Mars lander is one significant step closer to beginning its journey. Secured inside its payload fairing, the agency's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft was transported from the Astrotech facility to Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/InSightAttachtoAtlasV-200x300.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/InSightAttachtoAtlasV.jpg)
Technicians and engineers position NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars Lander atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket at Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Photo credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

The payload fairing was hoisted up inside the Vertical Integration Facility and attached to the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Liftoff is scheduled for May 5, 2018.

InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface. It will study the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. InSight will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the Red Planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the InSight mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by its Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. Several European partners, including France's space agency, the Centre National d'Étude Spatiales, and the German Aerospace Center, are supporting the mission. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is providing the Atlas V launch service. NASA's Launch Services Program, based at its Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is responsible for launch management.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.04.2018 19:12:46
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/insight-briefings-and-events
ЦитатаApril 27, 2018
MEDIA ADVISORY 008-18

InSight Briefings and Events

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/insight_launch_still1.jpg?itok=OB3leOao) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/insight_launch_still1.jpg)
An artist's rendering of a rocket launching with the InSight spacecraft later this May.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech


NASA's next mission to Mars - the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport  (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html)spacecraft (InSight) - is scheduled to launch as early as Saturday, May 5, from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. InSight's liftoff aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3 is targeted for 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) at the opening of a two-hour launch window, making it also the first planetary mission to take off from the West Coast.

Launch coverage will begin on NASA Television and the agency's website (http://www.nasa.gov/live) at 3:30 a.m. PDT.
InSight will be the first mission to peer deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. It will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will help us better understand how other rocky planets, including Earth, were and are created.

Launching on the same rocket as InSight is a separate NASA technology experiment known as Mars Cube One (MarCO). These two mini-spacecraft are the first test of miniaturized CubeSat technology in deep space. They are designed to test new communications and navigation capabilities for future missions and may aid InSight communications.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the InSight mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate  (SMD) in Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. Several European partners, including France's space agency, the Centre National d'Étude Spatiales, and the German Aerospace Center, are supporting the mission. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is providing the Atlas V launch service. NASA's Launch Services Program, based at its Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is responsible for launch management. The MarCOs were built by JPL, which manages InSight and MarCO for NASA. They were funded by both JPL and NASA's SMD.
...

L-2 Day (Thursday, May 3)

InSight Prelaunch Briefing

A prelaunch mission briefing will be held at 1 p.m. PDT at building 836 and air live on NASA Television and the agency's website (http://www.nasa.gov/live).

Participants:
    [/li]
  • Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters
  • Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
  • Annick Sylvestre-Baron, deputy project manager for InSight seismometer investigation at France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales
  • Philippe Lognonné - InSight seismometer investigation lead at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France
  • Tilman Spohn, investigation lead at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3), an instrument on InSight
  • Andrew Klesh, MarCO chief engineer at JPL
  • Anne Marinan, MarCO systems engineer at JPL
  • Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space Systems
  • Tim Dunn, launch director with NASA's Launch Services Program
  • Scott Messer, ULA program manager for NASA launches
  • Col. Michael Hough, commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg
  • 1st Lt. Kristina Williams, weather officer for the 30th Space Wing
L-0 Day (Saturday, May 5)

NASA TV Launch Coverage
NASA TV live launch coverage will begin at 3:30 a.m. PDT. For NASA TV downlink information, schedules and links to streaming video, visit https://www.nasa.gov/live.
...

NASA Web Prelaunch and Launch Coverage
Prelaunch and launch day coverage of InSight will be available on the NASA website (http://www.nasa.gov/insight). Coverage will include live streaming and blog updates beginning at 3:30 a.m. as the countdown milestones occur. ... You can follow countdown coverage on our launch blog at https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/.

Last Updated: April 28, 2018
Editor: Linda Herridge
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.04.2018 19:17:23
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-sets-sights-on-may-5-launch-of-insight-mars-mission
ЦитатаApril 28, 2018
MEDIA ADVISORY M18-071

NASA Sets Sights on May 5 Launch of InSight Mars Mission

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/side_image/public/thumbnails/image/pia22226.jpg?itok=i5OVm4iJ) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22226.jpg)
Illustration of NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight)
Credits: NASA


NASA's next mission to Mars, Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (https://www.nasa.gov/insight)), is scheduled to launch Saturday, May 5, on a first-ever mission to study the heart of Mars. Coverage of prelaunch and launch activities begins Thursday, May 3, on NASA Television and the agency's website (https://www.nasa.gov/live).

InSight, the first planetary mission to take off from the West Coast, is targeted to launch at 7:05 a.m. EDT (4:05 a.m. PDT) from Space Launch Complex-3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket.

Launching on the same rocket is a separate NASA technology experiment known as Mars Cube One (MarCO (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php)). MarCO consists of two mini-spacecraft and will be the first test of CubeSat technology in deep space. They are designed to test new communications and navigation capabilities for future missions and may aid InSight communications.

NASA TV and online mission coverage is as follows (all times Eastern):

Thursday, May 3

4 p.m. - Prelaunch Briefing
    [/li]
  • Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters
  • Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
  • Annick Sylvestre-Baron, deputy project manager for the InSight seismometer investigation at France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales
  • Philippe Lognonné, InSight seismometer investigation lead at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France
  • Tilman Spohn, investigation lead at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3), an instrument on InSight
  • Andrew Klesh, MarCO chief engineer at JPL
  • Anne Marinan, MarCO systems engineer at JPL
  • Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space
  • Tim Dunn, launch director with NASA's Launch Services Program
  • Scott Messer, ULA program manager for NASA launches
  • Col. Michael Hough, commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg
  • 1st Lt. Kristina Williams, weather officer for the 30th Space Wing
Saturday, May 5

6:30 a.m. - Launch coverage begins.

7:05 a.m. - Launch time


Public Launch Viewing

...

InSight will be the first mission to peer deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes, which are seismic events similar to earthquakes on Earth. It will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will help us better understand how other rocky planets, including Earth, were and are created.

JPL manages the InSight mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver.

Several European partners, including France's space agency, the Centre National d'Étude Spatiales, and Germany's DLR, are supporting the mission.

ULA, of Centennial, Colorado, is providing the Atlas V launch service. The Launch Services Program at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is responsible for launch management. ...
Last Updated: April 28, 2018
Editor: Karen Northon
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.04.2018 23:13:25
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/29/photos-nasas-insight-lander-buttoned-up-for-trip-to-mars/
ЦитатаPhotos: NASA's InSight lander buttoned up for trip to Mars
April 29, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/27869590388_3ba9c5ae29_b.jpg)
The payload fairing of InSight's Atlas 5 launcher was closed around the spacecraft April 16. Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing

Now cocooned inside a heat shield and the nose shroud of an Atlas 5 rocket that will send it to Mars, NASA's InSight lander is awaiting launch May 5 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

These photos show InSight's heat shield, measuring around 8.7 feet (2.6 meters) in diameter, being lifted onto the spacecraft's back shell April 12 to enclose the lander for the trip to Mars. The heat shield and back shell will protect the probe during descent through the Martian atmosphere.
Once fully assembled in its cruise configuration -- with fixed solar array wings to provide electricity during the nearly seven-month journey to Mars -- the 1,530-pound (694-kilogram) InSight spacecraft was encapsulated inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload fairing April 16.

The shroud measures around 13 feet, or 4 meters, in diameter and will jettison from the Atlas 5 rocket approximately four-and-a-half minutes after liftoff.

InSight and its payload fairing were transported from a payload processing clean room to Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg on April 23. A crane hoisted the payload on top of the Atlas 5 rocket inside the launch pad's mobile gantry, capping assembly of the 188-foot-tall (57-meter) launcher.

Liftoff is set for May 5 during a two-hour launch window opening at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT). The mission has until June 8 to depart Earth during this year's Mars launch period, or else wait until mid-2020.

Landing on Mars is scheduled for Nov. 26, when InSight will deploy a parachute and fire braking rockets to touch down on a broad equatorial plain named Elysium Planitia to begin studying the red planet's seismic activity and probing its interior structure.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/40839426495_1a6d48f19f_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Tony Vauclin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41021000704_a3ec82f66b_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Tony Vauclin

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931070370_45141b762e_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Aaron Taubman

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931067430_5179e09071_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Aaron Taubman

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931061160_4c8ef7dff8_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Aaron Taubman

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41697951922_e622c7c329_b.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41021177624_da76341dac_b.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41738844521_660a6432ca_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Daniel Herrera

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41738836911_887ed96f54_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Daniel Herrera

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/27869681748_7e7e3be360_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Daniel Herrera

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/26870692197_dc77e1ffe3_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931473180_cbe8626cdf_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931471060_dce488b0ed_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/26870683387_9451b27a0f_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931466430_45486de2bf_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/26870677747_0f1a554257_k.jpg)
Credit: NASA

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41021392694_6b4f0103ab_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/26870672147_4f769ed80a_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41021389884_00b69926e5_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/26870666997_1778f44792_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41021384304_6e714349bd_k.jpg)
Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Leif Heimbold
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2018 21:34:51
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/05/01/launch-week-begins-with-flight-readiness-review-dress-rehearsal/
ЦитатаLaunch Week Begins with Flight Readiness Review, Dress Rehearsal

Linda Herridge (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/lherridg/)
Posted May 1, 2018 at 2:00 pm


Launch week is underway at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, where NASA's InSight spacecraft is being prepared for its upcoming flight to Mars. Mission and launch officials gathered Monday for the InSight flight readiness review. Teams are preparing to launch InSight on its United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket Saturday, May 5, at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT).

Prelaunch activities continue today as launch team members take part in a countdown dress rehearsal.
InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface. It will study the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes. InSight will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the Red Planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the InSight mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by its Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. Several European partners, including France's space agency, the Centre National d'Étude Spatiales, and the German Aerospace Center, are supporting the mission. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is providing the Atlas V launch service. NASA's Launch Services Program, based at its Kennedy Space Center in Florida, is responsible for launch management.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2018 21:37:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/991067522735714304/0dGM6rvG_bigger.jpg)Jared‏ @jared_delvalle (https://twitter.com/jared_delvalle) 21 ч.21 час назад (https://twitter.com/jared_delvalle/status/991067755104423936)

#NewProfilePic (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NewProfilePic?src=hash) @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) GO #Insight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Insight?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcD63jAV4AAq7RC.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.05.2018 21:38:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 22 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/991059898363457537)

It's launch week for @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)! Launch on #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) is planned for 4:05amPDT on Saturday, May 5. Are you in SoCal? Here's where the launch may be visible for you.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcDzuY8UwAAyaFV.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.05.2018 00:29:40
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/01/managers-clear-insight-for-launch-after-heat-shield-review/
ЦитатаManagers clear InSight for launch after heat shield review
May 1, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/39931064930_d611f3b7d1_k.jpg)
Ground crews oversee the installation of InSight's heat shield last month. Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing/Aaron Taubman

NASA officials have determined that the robotic InSight lander is ready for its mission to Mars after concluding that the probe should not suffer the same flaw that led to a crack in a heat shield undergoing tests for the space agency's Mars 2020 rover, InSight's chief scientist said Monday.

Managers who participated in a flight readiness review Monday gave approval for ground teams to continue InSight launch preparations at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, keeping the mission on schedule for liftoff on an Atlas 5 rocket Saturday during a two-hour window opening at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT).

Engineers took an extra look at data gathered during tests of the InSight lander's heat shield after a separate team discovered a circumferential fracture last month in the heat shield for NASA's Mars 2020 mission.
NASA ordered the construction of a new heat shield for the Mars 2020 mission, which aims to place a rover on the red planet, and the replacement should be ready in time for the rover's planned July 2020 launch date, agency officials said.

But InSight, ferrying a suite of seismic and heat flow instruments to the red planet, was less than a month fr om launch when engineers found the crack in the Mars 2020 heat shield. The stationary InSight lander carries a thermal protection shell around half the size of Mars 2020's heat shield, and with key design differences, but InSight was built by Lockheed Martin, the same contractor in charge of the Mars 2020 heat shield.

"Our heat shield is not very similar to Mars 2020's, but of course, we use some of the same processes and some of the same designs," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "When they had that issue, we went back, re-looked at all of our test data, and made sure that the tests we did were the appropriate tests, and that they would have presumably found the same kind of issue."

Banerdt said Monday that engineers examined photo documentation and inspection reports to "double- and triple-check" InSight's heat shield, making sure teams did not overlook a problem during construction and pre-flight ground testing.

Ground crews were unable to do another inspection of InSight's 8.7-foot-diameter (2.6-meter) heat shield because the spacecraft was already in launch configuration. The spacecraft was encapsulated inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload fairing April 16, then mounted atop the launcher April 23.

"We did a complete review of our heat shield documentation," Banerdt said in an interview with Spaceflight Now. "At this time, of course, the heat shield is not accessible for inspection, so we didn't actually go back and re-inspect it, but we did go through the very extensive documentation we had from our testing.

"We double-checked all our testing to make sure that we did do a thorough test of mechanical properties, and it couldn't have slipped by without our noticing."

Banerdt said the news that Mars 2020's heat shield was damaged during testing got his attention, but engineers soon determined the problem would have no impact on InSight.

"I didn't have too much time to stew on it and build up a lot of anxiety," Banerdt said. "There are lots of issues like this."

Engineers are often reviewing hardware failures to ensure they do not affect other missions carrying similar components.

"You get these reports of some integrated circuit that's failed on an existing satellite," Banerdt offered as one example. "And you've got 50 of them in your spacecraft, and you have to figure out are they from the same lot? Has that been implicated? Are the uses that we have critical? Those kinds of things happen a lot.

"The longer you're on the ground, the more of those things that any space launch has to deal with," he said.

The heat shield review was "the last in a long line of those sorts of things," Banerdt said.

InSight has until June 8 to blast off and reach Mars in November. The roughly five-week launch period is fixed by the positions of Earth and Mars in their orbits around the sun.

The mission was originally slated to launch in March 2016, but NASA delayed the departure after trouble encountered during assembly and testing of InSight's seismometer instrument. Mars launch window's come every 26 months, so the next opportunity for InSight's liftoff opens May 5.

With the successful outcome of Monday's flight readiness review, United Launch Alliance's Atlas 5 team and InSight engineers planned a final countdown dress rehearsal Tuesday. Final closeouts and cleaning of the InSight spacecraft are also planned early this week to ensure the probe meets NASA's planetary protection requirements, aimed at reducing the risk that the mission will carry microbes and other organic contamination from Earth to the Martian surface.

A launch readiness review scheduled for Thursday will assess the status of the Atlas 5 rocket, the InSight spacecraft, and ground tracking systems provided by NASA and the U.S. Air Force.

If the launch readiness review gives a green light to proceed, the Atlas 5 countdown will commence Friday evening, with retraction of the launch pad's mobile gantry scheduled shortly before midnight, local time.

Officials are hopeful for clear skies during Saturday's predawn launch window, and a clear view of the launch without the envelope of ground fog that often forms at Vandenberg Air Force Base, which is located on the Pacific coast northwest of Los Angeles.

"I hope we can put on a good show," Banerdt said. "I'm hoping we have some decent conditions to actually see the launch, and not just hear it out through the fog somewh ere."

InSight is the first mission to another planet to launch from Vandenberg, which typically hosts launches of satellites into polar orbit for Earth-imaging and communications.

NASA's previous interplanetary probes have historically launched from Cape Canaveral, using momentum provided by Earth's rotation for a velocity boost toward the east. But InSight is light enough that the Atlas 5 rocket will have plenty of reserve capability to send the probe toward Mars without the help from Earth's rotation.

Once it arrives on Mars in November, InSight will place its seismic instrument on the planet's surface to listen for quakes, and a heat sensor will burrow to a depth of nearly 16 feet, or about 5 meters, to measure thermal energy coming from the Martian interior.

Scientists hope to learn more about the planet's internal structure and composition, and use that information to refine their understanding of how rocky planets like Earth and Mars formed 4.5 billion years ago at the birth of the solar system.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.05.2018 17:37:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/991623859735482368)

Our 18th trip to Mars, but we just never get tired of going...

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcL0pSLUwAArHhP.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.05.2018 18:32:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/793630024607858688/-rcCTpgR_bigger.jpg)Thomas Zurbuchen‏Подлинная учетная запись @Dr_ThomasZ (https://twitter.com/Dr_ThomasZ) 18 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/Dr_ThomasZ/status/991431795525734400)

Mars will make its closest approach to Earth since 2003 on July 27, which is why we're launching @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) there on May 5. If you look in the morning sky this month, you might even see Mars. Get the details on that & other things you can see this May: https://go.nasa.gov/2HL4c1k  (https://t.co/FTAtaBeAlr)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F4d_Ze3D0M
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F4d_Ze3D0M (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F4d_Ze3D0M) (2:57)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.05.2018 20:12:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/980137051201810433/SiHmV0GK_bigger.jpg)Marc Leatham‏ @quarkmarc (https://twitter.com/quarkmarc) 23 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/quarkmarc/status/991374773862023170)

The internal guts of MarCO, the first interplanetary #Cubesat (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Cubesat?src=hash). Leaves Earth this weekend!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcISE9PV4AALrVK.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcISF5-UwAAqIu1.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 02.05.2018 20:11:32
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) сейчас4 минуты назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/991753492304932864)


DYK: @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) will be the 1st interplanetary launch from the West Coast? All of @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA)'s interplanetary launches have been from FL, the physics of launching off the East Coast are better for journeys to other planets. InSight will break the mold this Sat. by launching from CA.

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.05.2018 23:14:56
ЦитатаInSight Countdown to T-Zero: From the West Coast to the Red Planet

NASAKennedy (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

Опубликовано: 2 мая 2018 г.

NASA's next Red Planet explorer has arrived at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California - a big step forward in the countdown to T-zero. The spacecraft is called InSight - short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport - and it's being tested, fueled and encapsulated for launch aboard the powerful United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. The upcoming liftoff will mark the first time an interplanetary mission has launched from the West Coast.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3tNa0sxmu0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3tNa0sxmu0 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3tNa0sxmu0) (3:25)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 02:17:06
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/05/02/launch-weather-20-percent-go-for-saturday/
ЦитатаLaunch Weather 20 Percent 'Go' For Saturday

Stephanie Martin (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/samarti9/)
Posted May 2, 2018 at 6:57 pm


Meteorologists with the U.S. Air Force 30th Space Wing predict a 20 percent chance of favorable weather for liftoff of United Launch Alliance's Atlas V rocket with NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft. The overall probability of violation will be 80 percent with the Range Safety constraint of launch visibility being the only area of concern.

(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/05/InSight-251x300.jpg)

The InSight launch is scheduled for Saturday, May 5, at 4:05 a.m. PDT/7:05 a.m. EDT from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in Central California.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 15:49:27
ЦитатаKZLA
 
05/026 (A1020/18 ) - AIRSPACE DCC 2 ROPS DO-1806 ATLAS V STNR ALT
RESERVATION WI AN AREA DEFINED AS 3439N12038W TO 3440N12034W TO
3435N12027W TO 3317N11954W TO 3313N12002W TO POINT OF ORIGIN
SFC-UNL. 05 MAY 10:25 2018 UNTIL 05 MAY 13:27 2018. CREATED: 02 MAY 12:17 2018
 
05/032 (A1039/18 ) - AIRSPACE DCC 2 ROPS DO-1806 ATLAS V STNR ALT
RESERVATION WI AN AREA DEFINED AS 3439N12038W TO 3440N12034W TO
3435N12027W TO 3317N11954W TO 3313N12002W TO POINT OF ORIGIN SFC-UNL. 06 MAY
10:25 2018 UNTIL 06 MAY 13:27 2018. CREATED: 03 MAY 09:29 2018
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 18:18:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/992041483220828160)

Just 2 more days before I head to #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! Tune in today at 1 pm PT, to hear the latest from my mission team: http://youtube.com/NASAJPL/live  (https://t.co/hl15lq4moK)

https://www.youtube.com/NASAJPL/live
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82841)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 18:23:45
Возможно, относится к предстоящему пуску
ЦитатаNAVAREA XII 182/2018 (21)

EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC.
1. HAZARDOUS OPERATIONS 051010Z TO 051343Z MAY,
   ALTERNATE 1010Z TO 1343Z DAILY 06 THRU 08 MAY
   IN AREA BOUND BY
   15-46N 110-30W, 15-21N 111-33W,
   18-43N 113-02W, 19-09N 111-57W.
2. CANCEL THIS MSG 081443Z MAY 18.

( 300350Z APR 2018 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 18:28:10
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/03/av-078-mission-status-center/
ЦитатаLive coverage: InSight set for Saturday launch from California to Mars
May 3, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

05/03/2018 17:43 Stephen Clark

The first weather outlook for Saturday's launch of the InSight lander from California to Mars indicates just a 20 percent probability of favorable weather at Vandenberg Air Force Base, the Atlas 5 rocket's launch site on the Pacific coast northwest of Los Angeles.

Forecasters are concerned about the range safety constraint of launch visibility, NASA said in an update on the launch.

Launch is scheduled for a two-hour window opening at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT). If the mission can't take off Saturday, InSight has until June 8 to depart from Earth during this year's Mars launch opportunity. We have posted a list of launch windows for each day here (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/24/atlas-5-insight-launch-windows/).
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 18:37:53
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/05/03/insight-prelaunch-briefing-live-today-may-3/
ЦитатаInSight Prelaunch Briefing Live Today, May 3

Linda Herridge (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/lherridg/)
Posted May 3, 2018 at 11:21 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/05/InSight-Rocky-Planets-Image-1024x576.jpg)

With only two days remaining until the scheduled launch of NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft, launch and mission managers will hold a prelaunch briefing today, May 3, at 4 p.m. EDT (1 p.m. PDT) at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

Watch the InSight Prelaunch Briefing live on NASA TV at www.nasa.gov/nasalive (http://www.nasa.gov/nasalive).
Prelaunch briefing participants are:
    [/li]
  • Jim Green, chief scientist, NASA
  • Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
  • Annick Sylvestre-Baron, deputy project manager for the InSight seismometer investigation at France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales
  • Philippe Lognonné, InSight seismometer investigation lead at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France
  • Tilman Spohn, investigation lead at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3), an instrument on InSight
  • Andrew Klesh, MarCO chief engineer at JPL
  • Anne Marinan, MarCO systems engineer at JPL
  • Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space Systems
  • Tim Dunn, launch director with NASA's Launch Services Program
  • Scott Messer, ULA program manager for NASA launches
  • Michael Hough, commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg
  • 1st Lt. Kristina Williams, weather officer for the 30th Space Wing
Meteorologists with the U.S. Air Force 30th Space Wing predict a 20 percent chance of favorable weather for liftoff of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying NASA's InSight spacecraft. The overall probability of violation will be 80 percent with the Range Safety constraint of launch visibility being the only area of concern. Launch is scheduled for Saturday, May 5 at 7:05 a.m. EDT (4:05 a.m. PDT) from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in Central California.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 03.05.2018 18:52:37
Во сколько старт по московскому времени?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 18:55:39
ЦитатаAtlas V InSight: Designing the Trajectory

United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

Опубликовано: 3 мая 2018 г.

Jen Krupp, ULA flight design engineer for the InSight mission to Mars, talks about working on the first interplanetary mission to launch from the West Coast of the U.S.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH9OEykMne8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH9OEykMne8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH9OEykMne8) (1:26)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 22:42:00
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/506935946462261250/O-ZFGE5Y_bigger.jpeg)Stephen Clark‏ @StephenClark1 (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/StephenClark1/status/992123786404052992)

Arrived at Vandenberg for InSight briefings. Just ran into Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator, who tells me the launch readiness review went well this morning. He feels the mission is in good hands for launch aboard an Atlas 5 rocket. More nervous about landing on Mars

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcS7UMTVwAA6bYi.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 22:58:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82901)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:13:38
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82902) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82903)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:14:33
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82904)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:24:44
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82905)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82908)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:27:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82909)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:35:54
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82915)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:44:15
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82916) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82917)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:45:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82918)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82919)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:57:11
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82921) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82920) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82922) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82923) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82924) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82925)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.05.2018 23:58:07
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82926) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82927) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82928)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:00:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82929)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:03:47
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82930)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:08:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82931) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82932)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:20:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82933)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:24:56
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82934) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82935) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82936)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:31:37
Stephen Clark
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82937)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:33:19
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82938)

MarCO
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82939)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:36:15
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82940)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 00:46:40
Брифинг завершен
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82941)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82942)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 01:00:39
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 9 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992019666422841344)

Let's go to Mars. #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcRcoN7U0AARKaH.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 01:17:33
ЦитатаInSight Countdown to T-Zero, Episode 2: Into the Fairing

NASAKennedy (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

Опубликовано: 3 мая 2018 г.

The launch campaign heats up for NASA's InSight spacecraft and United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The Mars-bound probe is secured inside its protective payload fairing, then moved overnight to the launch pad, where it's lifted into position atop the waiting Atlas V. Also on board are two small communications-relay satellites - MarCO-A and MarCO-B - intended to become the first CubeSats to venture into deep space.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKVhjdWitsghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKVhjdWitsg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKVhjdWitsg) (3:17)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 02:08:41
ЦитатаNASAJPL Live: InSight Launch Week

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 2 часа назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tltWmCRAEHMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tltWmCRAEHM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tltWmCRAEHM) (1:08:21)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 15:28:45
ЦитатаInSight Prelaunch Briefing

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 4 мая 2018 г.

InSight, the first planetary mission to take off from the West Coast, is targeted to launch at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) on May 5 from Space Launch Complex-3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California, aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. The agency hosted a prelaunch briefing on May 3 at VAFB.
Presenters included:

Jim Green, NASA chief scientist
Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
Stu Spath, InSight program manager at Lockheed Martin Space, Denver
Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California
Annick Sylvestre-Baron, deputy project manager for InSight seismometer investigation at France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales, Paris
Philippe Lognonné - InSight seismometer investigation lead at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France
Tilman Spohn, investigation lead at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3), an instrument on InSight, Berlin
Andrew Klesh, MarCO chief engineer at JPL Anne Marinan, MarCO systems engineer at JPL
Tim Dunn, launch director with NASA's Launch Services Program at Kennedy Space Center, Florida
Scott Messer, ULA program manager for NASA launches, Centennial, Colorado
Col. Michael Hough, commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Central California
1st Lt. Kristina Williams, weather officer for the 30th Space Wing
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hf4UiYfpHYYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hf4UiYfpHYY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hf4UiYfpHYY) (1:35:15)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 15:34:05
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/05/03/insight-teams-proceed-toward-launch-may-5/
ЦитатаInSight Teams Proceed Toward Launch May 5

Stephanie Martin (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/samarti9/)
Posted May 3, 2018 at 8:55 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/04/InSighttoLaunch-Pad-1024x684.jpg)

The InSight mission and launch teams today concluded a successful Launch Readiness Review. There are no technical issues being worked at this time. Teams are proceeding for liftoff on Saturday, May 5, at 4:05 a.m. PDT/7:05 a.m. EDT on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket with NASA's InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) spacecraft. The launch will be the first interplanetary launch from the West Coast.

A marine layer fog is expected over the launch pad and will reduce visibility on launch day to 3/4 - 1 1/2 miles. This Range Safety constraint of launch visibility is the only area of concern. The 30th Space Wing weather officer indicated the launch visibility requirement may be waived by Range Safety pending confirmation that all ground telemetry systems are operational during the countdown.

All other range safety constraints have a zero probability of violation.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 16:20:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 11 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992229036343681025)

The new @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) Mars probe, @NASAInsight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight), is scheduled for launch at 1105 UTC May 5. It will enter a 185 x 185 km x 63.5 deg parking orbit and then be boosted to a C3=8.2 km2/s2 escape trajectory, passing lunar orbit 30 hours after launch

11 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992233584768544774)

Insight will leave the Earth-Moon system on May 10 to enter a 1.0 x 1.4 AU solar orbit inclined 2.3 deg to the ecliptic. It will enter Mars' Hill sphere on Nov 22 and land on Nov 26.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 17:31:17
Цитата05/04/2018 05:40 Stephen Clark

Launch officials do not expect a layer of fog expected during Saturday's two-hour launch window to prevent liftoff of NASA's InSight spacecraft from California's Central Coast on the way to Mars.

The official weather outlook issued today from the 30th Space Wing calls for an 80 percent chance of violating range safety constraints related to visibility during the launch of the InSight spacecraft aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket. But Col. Michael Hough, commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg Air Force Base, said the launch team has other ways of meeting the visibility requirement.
"We have a lot of things that monitor the rocket, and if one of those things should fail and ... we have to have visibility from a safety standpoint, then the Air Force would say, yes, now we have to have visibility," Hough said in a pre-launch briefing with reporters and launch guests Thursday.

Nevertheless, the fog in the forecast during the InSight mission's two-hour launch window Saturday, which opens at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT), could spoil the view for spectators in the area.

"I'm saying there's an 80 percent chance you will not be able to see the rocket launch at liftoff," said Lt. Kristina Williams, weather officer at the 30th Space Wing.

Members of the public looking for the rocket from farther away, such as in Los Angeles, may have better luck once the Atlas 5 clears the low-altitude fog layer, which is expected around 200 to 600 feet above the launch pad.

Fog is common at Vandenberg and typically does not prevent launches.

The official weather outlook issued Thursday predicts a shallow marine layer over the Atlas 5 launch pad, visibility of one-half to one mile, northerly winds of 7 to 10 knots, and a temperature in the lower 50s Fahrenheit.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 18:02:02
ЦитатаAtlas V InSight Mission Profile

United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

Опубликовано: 4 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXEhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXE) (2:38 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: azeast от 04.05.2018 19:33:23
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Во сколько старт по московскому времени?
Окно в 14:05-16:05 отсюда:5 мая - InSight, MarCO-A, MarCO-B [Mars Cube One] - Atlas V 401 (AV-078 ) - Ванденберг SLC-3E - 14:05-16:05
И ТАСС тоже наверно форум читает: 

http://tass.ru/kosmos/5175892

Изучать сейсмическую активность на Марсе будет новый посадочный модуль InSight, который планируется запустить в субботу с базы Ванденберг (штат Калифорния). Старт ракеты-носителя Altas-V401 намечен на 04:05 по времени Тихоокеанского побережья (14:05 мск). Сначала станция будет выведена на полярную орбиту вокруг Земли, а затем, после включения двигателей, выйдет на траекторию полета к Марсу.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 20:58:49
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/794172258017300480/zhoYK0T2_bigger.jpg)NASA_EDGE‏ @NASA_EDGE (https://twitter.com/NASA_EDGE) 23 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_EDGE/status/992115573134970885)

We are getting closer to the rollback of the Mobile Service Tower that protects @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas V launch vehicle and @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight). Check out our InSight Rollback show on May 5 form 2:30 - 3:00 am EDT on NASA TV and Facebook Live (http://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan  (https://t.co/yTzWbzNKkd)). #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) #NASASocial (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASASocial?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.05.2018 21:27:06
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/nasas-first-mission-to-study-the-interior-of-mars-awaits-may-5-launch
ЦитатаMAY 3, 2018
NASA's First Mission to Study the Interior of Mars Awaits May 5 Launch

(https://mars.nasa.gov//imgs/2018/01/PIA22227-full2.jpg) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/2018/the-insight-lander)

All systems are go for NASA's next launch to the Red Planet.

The early-morning liftoff on Saturday of the Mars InSight lander will mark the first time in history an interplanetary launch will originate from the West Coast. InSight will launch from the U.S. Air Force Vandenberg Air Force Base Space Launch Complex 3E. The two-hour launch window will open on May 5 at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT).
InSight, for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, will launch aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. InSight will study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all rocky planets formed, including Earth and its Moon. The lander's instruments include a seismometer to detect marsquakes, and a probe that will monitor the flow of heat from the planet's interior.

The ULA rocket will carry the spacecraft over the Channel Islands just off the California Coast and continue climbing out over the Pacific, shadowing the coastline south beyond Baja California. InSight's Atlas will reach orbit about 13 minutes after launch, when the rocket is about 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometers) northwest of Isabella Island, Ecuador.

"For those Southern Californians who are interested in rockets or space exploration, or have insomnia, we hope to put on a great show this Saturday," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "But for those who want to sleep in on Saturday, there will be another opportunity to engage with this historic mission. We will be landing on Mars in the western Elysium Planitia region on Monday, Nov. 26, around noon Pacific time. You will be able to watch a live stream of this landing while working on your holiday shopping."
Getting a Mars mission flying requires a great many milestones. Among those still to come are the official start of the countdown to launch -- which comes on Friday, May 4 at 10:14 p.m. PDT (Saturday, May 5, 1:14 a.m. EDT). A little over an hour later, at about 11:30 p.m. PDT (May 5, 2:30 a.m. EDT), the 260-foot-tall (80-meter) Mobile Service Tower -- a structure that has been protecting the Atlas V launch vehicle and its InSight payload during their vertical assembly -- will begin a 20-minute long, 250-foot (about 80-meter) roll away from the Atlas. Four hours and 25 minutes later, the launch window will open.
"I've been to several rocket launches, but it is a whole different vibe when there is something you've been working on for years sitting in the nose cone waiting to get hurled beyond our atmosphere," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL. "But as exciting as launch day will be, it's just a first step in a journey that should tell us not only why Mars formed the way it did, but how planets take shape in general."

InSight's launch period is May 5 through June 8, 2018, with multiple launch opportunities over windows of approximately two hours each date. Launch opportunities are set five minutes apart during each date's window. Whichever date the launch occurs, InSight's landing on Mars is planned for Nov. 26, 2018, around noon PST (3 p.m. EST).

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. NASA's Launch Services Program at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida provides launch management. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is NASA's launch service provider of the Atlas 5 rocket. A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. In particular, CNES provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar Systems Research (MPS). DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) instrument.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 00:05:46
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/04/all-systems-go-for-launch-of-insight-a-mission-to-reveal-the-inside-of-mars/
ЦитатаAll systems go for launch of InSight, a mission to reveal the inside of Mars
May 4, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/insight_masthead.jpg.pc-adaptive.full_.medium-768x450.jpeg)
Artist's illustration of the InSight spacecraft on the surface of Mars. Credit: Lockheed Martin

Scientists eager for answers to long-standing questions about the geology of Mars will get a lift Saturday with the blastoff fr om California of an Atlas 5 rocket with NASA's InSight mission, a robotic landing craft that will take the pulse and temperature of the red planet.

With two experimental deep space communications relay CubeSats riding along, the InSight spacecraft and the Atlas 5 rocket are scheduled for liftoff at 4:05 a.m. EDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT) Saturday from Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
InSight's arrival at Mars is fixed on Monday, Nov. 26, 2018, when the robot will plunge into the Martian atmosphere, using a combination of a supersonic parachute and braking rockets to touch down with the aid of three shock-absorbing landing legs in Elysium Planitia, a broad equatorial plain with few boulders or craters that could pose a hazard during the spacecraft's final descent.

Once on the Martian surface, InSight will unfurl solar arrays and place two instruments on the ground using a robotic arm to listen for tremors and measure the heat flow coming from the planet's super-heated interior.

"In this mission, we'll probe the interior of another terrestrial planet, giving us an idea of the size of the core, the mantle, and the crust, and our ability to then compare that to the Earth," said Jim Green, NASA's newly-appointed chief scientist, and former head of the space agency's planetary science division. "This is of fundamental importance for us to understand the origin of the solar system, and how it became the way it did today."

"The goal of InSight is nothing less than to better understand the birth of the Earth, the birth of the planet we live on, and we're going to do that by going to Mars," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Saturday's predawn launch will be the first time a mission to another planet has left Earth from Vandenberg, the primary launch base on the West Coast.

The 188-foot-tall (57-meter) Atlas 5 rocket, built by United Launch Alliance, will initially send the InSight spacecraft toward the south-southeast over the Pacific Ocean, with the booster stage's kerosene-fueled RD-180 engine generating around 860,000 pounds of thrust. The Atlas 5's Centaur upper stage will ignite its RL10 main engine, burning a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, two times to place InSight into low Earth orbit, then hurl the science probe toward Mars.

The Centaur upper stage will release the 1,530-pound (694-kilogram) InSight spacecraft, built by Lockheed Martin, around 93 minutes after liftoff. Two briefcase-sized interplanetary CubeSats, part of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Mars Cube One technology demonstration mission, will spring out of carriers on the Centaur stage moments later to chart their own path toward the red planet.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/41159751314_985399e1e6_k-2.jpg)
The InSight spacecraft is cocooned inside the Atlas 5 rocket's payload fairing. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

The twin Mars Cube One, or MarCO, nanospacecraft will become the first CubeSats to travel into interplanetary space, providing a radio relay capability to beam telemetry from InSight directly to Earth as the lander drops into the Martian atmosphere.

But InSight does not need the MarCO CubeSats to make a safe landing. The entry, descent and landing maneuvers will be pre-programmed into InSight's on-board computer for the make-or-break arrival at Mars in November.

A blanket of fog forecast at the Vandenberg launch site early Saturday may inhibit viewing of the Atlas 5's climb into space from nearby observation posts, but the reduced visibility is not likely to prevent liftoff, officials said Thursday.

The Air Force levies a constraint for favorable visibility during an Atlas 5 launch to meet range safety requirements, but Air Force officials said they have workarounds to gather data on the rocket's trajectory after liftoff with other tracking assets. The fog would only become a problem if the other range safety capabilities were offline.

Ground crews at the SLC-3E launch pad, perched on a hillside overlooking the Pacific Ocean, will switch on the Atlas 5's avionics late Friday for pre-flight checks, then retract the towering mobile gantry shortly before midnight, Pacific time, to reveal the rocket on its launch mount.

The launch team will load cryogenic liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen propellants into the two-stage Atlas 5 rocket during the final hours of the countdown.

A final pre-planned hold in the countdown is scheduled at T-minus 4 minutes, giving managers time to complete final polls of the launch team before clocks resume at 4:01 a.m. PDT (7:01 a.m. EDT; 1101 GMT).

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/41697951922_e622c7c329_b.jpg)
The InSight spacecraft pictured shortly before its enclosure inside the Atlas 5's payload fairing. The spacecraft is pictured here in cruise configuration, inside an aeroshell and heat shield. Credit: USAF 30th Space Wing

InSight has launch opportunities available every five minutes during Saturday's two-hour launch window. If technical or weather concerns prohibit liftoff Saturday, the mission has launch dates available through June 8, and still reach Mars on Nov. 26.

See our list of InSight's launch windows (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/24/atlas-5-insight-launch-windows/) through June 18.

NASA's 20 previous Mars missions have all departed from Cape Canaveral, taking advantage of Earth's rotation by launching toward the east. The extra momentum gives rockets an additional boost.

Vandenberg Air Force Base is typically host to launches into polar orbit, a type of orbit usually tailored for climate research missions, spy satellites and some communication applications.

But InSight is small, with a mass well below the lift capability of the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, which will fly in its basic "401" configuration with a four-meter payload fairing and no solid rocket boosters.

That means the Atlas 5 will not need the extra energy imparted during an eastward launch from Cape Canaveral, and ULA and NASA agreed to launch InSight from Vandenberg. The launch contractor proposed to base the mission from the West Coast because fewer Atlas 5 missions are scheduled from Vandenberg, so officials wanted to reduce the workload at ULA's busier launch base in Florida.

"There's one optimal launch time per day in order to get to Mars," said Jen Krupp, a ULA flight design engineer. "While there may be on optimal launch time, we can achieve a two-hour launch window by steering slightly more inefficiently toward the edges of the optimal time in order to still hit the same target."

The final burn of the Centaur upper stage will give InSight enough speed to escape the bonds of Earth's gravity, sending the spacecraft into the solar system on a trajectory mimicking the course the mission would have followed if launched from Florida.

"I use the baseball analogy for this one," Krupp said. "From Florida, the baseball pitcher is throwing sidearm. they're going on an easterly trajectory going toward Mars, and they're throwing sidearm. For InSight, we're going to fly southerly in a polar mission, and (as) we come over the north pole, the pitcher is throwing overhand and releasing the spacecraft to Mars."

To complete the analogy, sidearm and overhand pitchers can both deliver the baseball to a narrow strike zone 60 feet away. In InSight's case, the Atlas 5 can deliver the lander to Mars from either coast.

Designers based the InSight lander on NASA's Phoenix probe, which launched in August 2007 and touched down on the northern polar plains of Mars in May 2008. Diminishing solar power and cold temperatures limited Phoenix's lifetime to about five months -- two months longer than its three-month prime mission.

InSight will head for a broad plain near the Martian equator with ample sunlight year-round, providing enough warmth and solar power to keep the mission operating for nearly two years, or a little more than one Martian year, and potentially much longer.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/pia22232-768x384.jpg)
A map of the landing sites for all of NASA's Mars landers. Credit: NASA

Assuming the mission takes off Saturday, InSight will embark on a 301-million mile (485-million-kilometer) journey. Several course-correction maneuvers are planned during the trip, setting up for InSight's fiery descent through the Martian atmosphere.

Employing a similar entry, descent and landing profile as the Phoenix mission a decade ago, InSight will approach the target landing zone in Elysium Planitia, with its heat shield absorbing blistering temperatures up to 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit, before unfurling a parachute and firing downward-facing rocket thrusters to settle to a gentle touchdown.

Mission managers sel ected the nearly featureless landing target because of its safety. There are few surface hazards that could spell doom for InSight, and Banerdt, the mission's chief scientist, calls it the "biggest parking lot on Mars."

InSight was originally supposed to launch in March 2016, but problems sealing a vacuum enclosure containing one of the lander's primary instruments, a French-developed seismometer, forced officials to postpone the mission. Mars launch opportunities come once every 26 months, when the planets are in the proper positions in the solar system, so the next chance to send InSight to the red planet opens Saturday.

Engineers redesigned the vacuum enclosure to eliminate an air leak in a feed-through, or wiring interface, used route data between the seismic sensors inside the instrument and electronics and communications equipment aboard the InSight spacecraft.

The protective enclosure keeps out wind and other environmental conditions that could disrupt the sensitive seismic measurements. It must keep a seal through the large day-and-night temperature swings on Mars.

"One of these feed-throughs was not capable of maintaining itself through the large temperature extremes," Banerdt said. "When we actually tested at Mars conditions going down to minus 100 or minus 120 degrees Celsius (minus 148 to minus 184 degrees Fahrenheit), it developed a very tiny crack and started leaking -- started allowing some air to come in.

"This was enough to upset the whole apple cart in terms of the sensitivity of the seismometer," Banerdt said.

JPL took over responsibility for fabricating a new enclosure, while the French space agency, CNES, remained in charge of the instrument's internal sensors.

The seismometer is now healthy, its enclosure sealed, and is ready for launch. The InSight spacecraft itself, along with a German-built heat probe sensor and the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, were all in position at Vandenberg for the March 2016 launch when NASA managers decided in December 2015 to keep the mission on the ground.

The two-year delayed added roughly $150 million to InSight's cost, which now sits at more than $993 million, including launch and operations expenses. That figure includes an investment valued at approximately $180 million from the French and German space agencies.

The twin MarCO spacecraft cost another $18.5 million, according to NASA.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22202_hires-768x512.jpg)
InSight's solar panels deployed during a ground test. Credit: Lockheed Martin

One of InSight's first jobs will be to take panoramic pictures to survey the landing site, a region unexplored by past Mars missions. InSight carries cameras based on technology originally developed for the Opportunity and Curiosity rovers, but with added capability for color imagery.

A nearly 8-foot-long (2.4-meter) robotic arm will place the seismometer and heat probe on the Martian surface next to the lander after touchdown. InSight's robotic arm was originally built for the canceled Mars Surveyor lander that was supposed to launch in 2001.

Other leftover parts on InSight include a landing radar originally built as a spare for the Phoenix mission, and surplus structural booms from the Curiosity rover repurposed for a Spanish-built weather station on InSight to collect temperature and wind data.

Once placed on the surface of Mars, the German-made Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, know as HP3, will hammer to a depth of 16 feet, or 5 meters, a process expected to take around six weeks with roughly 10,000 individual hammer blows, accounting for several planned pauses to allow the instrument to record thermal conductivity measurements.

"If you have an astronaut on the planet, you can do this in maybe 20 minutes or half an hour," Banerdt said of the heat flow experiment. "But if you want to do it robotically, you have to get a little bit more clever."

The metallic mole will probe deeper into the Martian crust than any past lander.

"We think this remote probe can actually go down about 15 feet, which gives us a better baseline to measure the temperature increase with depth and be able to estimate the amount of heat coming out of Mars," Banerdt said.

"And that amount of heat is tied to the geological activity of the planet. It's the heat engine of the planet that drives volcanism, it drives tectonic activity, it drives mountain-building. So all the geological processes that happen on a planet are driven by its heat engine, and we want to measure sort of the vigor of that heat engine."

"We switch on the temp sensors and record the temperature over depth and time for up to two years," said Tilman Spohn, HP3 investigation lead from DLR, the German Aerospace Center, in Berlin. "Taking the temperature gradient, or the rate at which the temperature increases (with depth), gives us the heat flow. Very simple and straightforward, but as planetary science often is, very difficult. The devil is in the details."

The seismometer will get to work listening for marsquakes.

"Sensitive is really an understatement," Banerdt said of the seismometer. "Tt's an exquisitely sensitive device for measuring the motion of the ground. And when we talk about motion, we're talking about vibrations that have an amplitude comparable to the size of an atom.

"These are waves that were generated, maybe, by a marsquake on the other side of the planet, have traveled all the way through the planet, getting their waveform modified as they go through the planet and picking up information about the deep interior structure, and then we are able to pick it up when it comes back up to the surface under the seismometer," Banerdt said.

The seismic sensors aboard InSight evolved from mission concepts in the 1990s and 2000s that would have dispatched multiple small probes to Mars, creating a global geophysical network. InSight will give scientists just one seismic station, but experts have developed techniques to glean information about the interior of Mars, even with a single seismometer.

Researchers have attempted seismic detections on Mars before, but seismometers on NASA's Viking landers in the 1970s provided inconclusive results. The instruments were mounted the decks of the landers, making them susceptible from interference from spacecraft vibrations and winds.

"Not only do you have to have a very sensitive device for measuring those motions but you have to protect it from everything else that might affect it," he said. "We have several different layers of protection, it's sort of like a Russian doll."

An electrical and data cable will connect the seismometer to the InSight lander.

Philippe Lognonné, head of the InSight seismic investigation team at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France, said scientists do not have a confirmed detection of marsquake, but evidence suggests weak tremors occur on the red planet.

"We have no clear data on seismic activity on the planet," Lognonné in an interview with Spaceflight Now. "We imagine it because we see faults on the surface. In some places, we have seen wh ere a boulder may have fallen down from a scarp. But again, we have no data."

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/gallery_mars_internal_structure_6.jpg)
One model for the interior structure of Mars. Credit: DLR

Lognonné said, based on existing theoretical models, the seismometer could register around 20 or 30 quakes per year, sensing ripples from all types of seismic waves moving through the planet.

"We cover all the seismic waves, and we even have sensitivity to tides, the Phobos tide especially," Lognonné said. "We cover all the signals to be generated by a quake."

Scientists will also measure Mars' polar wobble by analyzing radio signals transmitted between InSight and Earth-based antennas.

"By the timing of that signal, we can track the location of the spacecraft at Mars ... with an accuracy of something around a foot or so, maybe a little bit less," Banerdt said. "To me, that's the closest we can get to magic with science."

With that information, scientists can determine which way the Martian north pole is pointing as the planet rotates.

"Over the course of a year, we can watch the north pole wobble just a little bit because of the core sloshing around inside of the planet, and that will give us a very, very tight constraint on the size of that core and its density, and so its composition," Banerdt said. "That tells us the structure of Mars. The structure of Mars tells us something about the processes that put that structure together. We can put this into our mdoels, extrapolate it to Earth, and understand how the Earth formed four-and-half billion years ago."

Much of the ancient geologic record on Earth has eroded away, but Mars may still hold clues about how it was born, accreted rock and dust, and formed a hot, high-pressure mantle and core as heavier elements sunk deep beneath its surface.

"How we get fr om a ball of featureless rock into a planet that may or may not support life is a key question in planetary science," Banerdt said. "And these processes that do this all happen in the first tens of millions of years."

Discoveries made by InSight at Mars could inform scientists how the Earth formed and evolved.

"Mars is a smaller planet," Banerdt said. "It's less active than the Earth, so it has retained the fingerprints of those early processes in its basic structure -- the thickness of the crust, the compositon of the mantle, the size and composition of its core," he said. "By mapping out these boundaries, these various different sections of the inside of the planet, we can then understand better how the planet formed, and how our planet got to be the way it is."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 00:27:18
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/05/04/insight-nasa-edge-live-webcast-live-launch-coverage/

https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2018/05/04/insight-nasa-edge-live-webcast-live-launch-coverage/
ЦитатаInSight NASA EDGE Live Webcast, Live Launch Coverage

Linda Herridge (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/lherridg/)
Posted May 4, 2018 at 3:43 pm
(Posted May 4, 2018 at 4:39 pm)


Tune in for the following InSight launch activites:

NASA EDGE live webcast on NASA TV and social media, May 5, 2:30 a.m. EDT (May 4, 11:30 p.m. PDT)
NASA TV: www.nasa.gov/nasalive (http://www.nasa.gov/nasalive)
NASA EDGE Facebook: www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan (http://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan)
NASA EDGE YouTube: www.youtube.com/user/NASAedge (http://www.youtube.com/user/NASAedge)
NASA EDGE Ustream: www.ustream.tv/nasaedge (http://www.ustream.tv/nasaedge)

Guests:

Jim Green, chief scientist, NASA
Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL
Suzanne Smrekar, InSight deputy principal investigator at JPL
Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, Mars InSight instrumentation deployment lead engineer at JPL
Joel Steinkraus, MarCO mechanical lead at JPL
Anne Marinan, MarCO systems engineer at JPL
Mic Woltman, chief, Fleet Systems Integration Branch, NASA's Launch Services Program
InSight Live Launch Coverage on NASA TV, May 5, 6:30 a.m. EDT (3:30 a.m. PDT)
Watch the InSight live launch coverage on NASA TV at: www.nasa.gov/nasalive (http://www.nasa.gov/nasalive).

NASA's next mission to Mars - the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html) spacecraft (InSight) - is scheduled to launch as early as Saturday, May 5, from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. InSight's liftoff aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3 is targeted for 7:05 a.m. EDT (4:05 a.m. PDT) at the opening of a two-hour launch window, making it also the first interplanetary mission to take off from the West Coast.

This is the third mission in the robust schedule for NASA's Launch Services Program (https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/launchingrockets/index.html) this year, launching six missions in just six months, with six different rocket configurations, from six launch sites.
2:30 a.m. EDT --> 06:30 UTC
6:30 a.m. EDT --> 10:30 UTC
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 02:51:12
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/timeline/launch/watch-in-person/

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82968)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 03:48:51
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/04/launch-timeline-for-atlas-5s-mission-with-insight/
ЦитатаLaunch timeline for Atlas 5's mission with InSight
May 4, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

A United Launch Atlas 5 rocket is set to dispatch NASA's InSight lander toward Mars, kicking off an interplanetary journey from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

The 188-foot-tall (57-meter) rocket, propelled by an RD-180 main engine, is set for liftoff during a two-hour launch window Saturday that opens at 4:05 a.m. EDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT).
The InSight mission will be the 78th flight of an Atlas 5 rocket, and the fourth Atlas 5 launch of 2018.

The Atlas 5 rocket will lift off from Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg Air Force Base, flying in the "401" configuration with no solid rocket boosters and a four-meter-diameter payload fairing.

Read our mission preview story (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/04/all-systems-go-for-launch-of-insight-a-mission-to-reveal-the-inside-of-mars/) for details on the launch.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXE)
(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_D85bjcdXE) 2:38 )

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/41861294161_583d156f20_k-768x593.jpg)
Credit: United Launch Alliance

T+0:00:01.1: Liftoff

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_insight_liftoff-678x375.jpg)
After igniting its RD-180 main engine at T-minus 2.7 seconds, the Atlas 5 rocket climbs away from Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, with 860,000 pounds of thrust.

T+0:01:17.8: Mach 1

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_mach1-678x378.jpg)
The Atlas 5 rocket exceeds the speed of sound, flying to the south-southeast from Vandenberg Air Force Base.

T+0:01:26.9: Max-Q

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_maxq-678x380.jpg)
The Atlas 5 rocket passes through the region of maximum dynamic pressure during ascent through the lower atmosphere.

T+0:04:04.3: Booster Engine Cutoff

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_beco-678x380.jpg)
The RD-180 main engine completes its firing after consuming its kerosene and liquid oxygen fuel supply in the Atlas first stage.

T+0:04:10.3: Stage Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_staging-678x381.jpg)
The Common Core Booster first stage of the Atlas 5 rocket separates from the Centaur upper stage. Over the next few seconds, the Centaur engine liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen systems are readied for ignition.

T+0:04:20.3: Centaur Ignition 1

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_mes1-678x380.jpg)
The Centaur RL10C-1 engine ignites for the first of three upper stage firings. This burn will inject the Centaur stage and the InSight spacecraft into an initial parking orbit.

T+0:04:28.3: Payload Fairing Jettison

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_fairing_jettison-678x380.jpg)
The Atlas 5's 4-meter-diameter (13-foot) payload fairing separates in a clamshell-like fashion once the rocket climbs into the rarefied upper atmosphere.

T+0:13:16.2: Centaur Cutoff 1

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_meco1-678x380.jpg)
The Centaur engine shuts down after arriving in a planned low-Earth parking orbit. The vehicle enters a nearly 66-minute coast period before arriving at the required location in space for the second burn.

T+1:18:56.9:  Centaur Ignition 2

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_mes2-678x381.jpg)
Producing 22,900 pounds of thrust, the Centaur re-ignites to accelerate the InSight payload with enough velocity to escape Earth's gravitational bond. This burn lasts 5 minutes, 23 seconds.

T+1:24:19.8: Centaur Cutoff 2

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/a5_meco2-678x380.jpg)
The second Centaur firing places the InSight payload on an Earth escape trajectory. After engine shutdown, the Centaur stage will begin re-orienting for deployment of InSight.

T+1:33:19.8: InSight Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/insight_sep-678x383.jpg)
The 1,530-pound (694-kilogram) InSight spacecraft deploys from the Centaur upper stage.

T+1:33:53.8: MarCO-A Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/marco_a_sep-678x380.jpg)
The first of NASA's Mars Cube One satellites, designed to relay communications from InSight during its landing on Mars, releases from an aft bulkhead carrier on the Centaur stage.

T+1:34:41.8: MarCO-B Separation

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/marco_b_separation-678x378.jpg)
The second of NASA's Mars Cube One spacecraft is released from the Centaur's aft bulkhead carrier.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:42:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992654259572260864)

The Mobile Service Tower at Space Launch Complex-3 rolls back and the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) with @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) begins to emerge.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dcadx0eVQAEWfkc.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:46:13
Цитата05/05/2018 10:23 Stephen Clark

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/dff15e8e4edb11e8a9aeaa580ffdf178/20180505072329_556308.jpeg)

The mobile service gantry has moved into launch position a short distance from the Atlas 5 rocket. Workers will now complete their final tasks before evacuating to a fallback position ahead of the start of cryogenic tanking.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:47:50
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/67630775/button_meatball_bigger.png)NASA HQ PHOTO‏Подлинная учетная запись @nasahqphoto (https://twitter.com/nasahqphoto) 38 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/nasahqphoto/status/992677156537946112)

The @NASAInsight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) Mars lander sits atop the @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) Atlas-V rocket! https://flic.kr/s/aHsmfca1Qy  (https://t.co/M2cbPOU2M8)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcayKkyXUAAl_iw.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:49:18
Цитата05/05/2018 11:07 Stephen Clark

T-minus 2 hours, 30 minutes. Personnel are now departing the Atlas 5 launch pad as the countdown proceeds toward the start of cryogenic tanking.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:50:41
ЦитатаUpd ated: 05/05/2018 11:11 Stephen Clark

The Atlas 5 launch team is discussing a concern with a liquid oxygen topping valve, but engineers have identified a workaround that will allow the team to proceed with chilldown of the first stage's liquid oxygen propellant system using another se t of plumbing.

This is not expected to impact the launch.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:53:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 15 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992684438189375488)

The #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) countdown has just entered a planned 15-minute hold ahead of the readiness poll for cryogenic fueling. This is the first of two planned holds in today's launch countdown.
Цитата05/05/2018 11:35 Stephen Clark

T-minus 2 hours and holding. This is a pre-programmed hold expected to last 15 minutes.

Over the last few hours, the Atlas 5 was powered up and Centaur propellant system preparations have been completed, along with Atlas booster hydraulic and propulsion preps. The rocket's GPS metric tracking system has also been tested.

During this 15-minute hold, the ULA launch team at Vandenberg Air Force Base will be polled for their readiness to pick up the countdown and begin cryogenic tanking of the Atlas booster and Centaur upper stage.

The countdown's final pre-planned pause is scheduled for T-minus 4 minutes.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:54:25
Цитата05/05/2018 11:40 Stephen Clark

The pad team has evacuated Space Launch Complex 3-East in preparation for fueling the Atlas 5 rocket with cryogenic propellants.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:55:15
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 13 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/992685644202856449)

NASA Launch Manager, Tim Dunn, has conducted the #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png) Insight (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png)cryogenic tanking poll. The NASA team is GO for cryogenic tanking.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 11:56:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 7 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992687633406070784)

The ULA team has confirmed readiness to begin cryogenic fueling operations. The countdown will resume shortly. #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:02:13
Цитата
(https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-1/p50x50/14955968_1302388529803757_2323919338670938013_n.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=d7d665fa542bc3ce8424bdc0f487bea1&oe=5B5BFBED) (https://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan/?ref=nf&hc_ref=ARSNAkLekQNtkMLNLR4sjw0Xwn-COI0EW-jg7aubDKtLdbc4xyi8O7L6wIOZlR0EZ7k)NASA EDGE (https://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan/?hc_ref=ARRNXLM4QtvYuh3CaiPzTw681wPRM6W40wll5Xx5_-yWadvfbQPZPTMqkXeIh7mTius) был(-а) в прямом эфире.
2 ч (https://www.facebook.com/nasaedgefan/videos/2020771424632127/) · 

NASA EDGE: Mars InSight Rollback Show

https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t42.9040-29/10000000_1523904314402203_1796756382385438720_n.mp4?_nc_cat=0&efg=eyJybHIiOjcyMywicmxhIjo0MDk2LCJ2ZW5jb2RlX3RhZyI6InNkIn0%3D&rl=723&vabr=402&oh=c0587baed8f84dc44590072bad2b5981&oe=5AEDA47B (https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t42.9040-29/10000000_1523904314402203_1796756382385438720_n.mp4?_nc_cat=0&efg=eyJybHIiOjcyMywicmxhIjo0MDk2LCJ2ZW5jb2RlX3RhZyI6InNkIn0%3D&rl=723&vabr=402&oh=c0587baed8f84dc44590072bad2b5981&oe=5AEDA47B)
(video (https://scontent-arn2-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t42.9040-29/10000000_1523904314402203_1796756382385438720_n.mp4?_nc_cat=0&efg=eyJybHIiOjcyMywicmxhIjo0MDk2LCJ2ZW5jb2RlX3RhZyI6InNkIn0%3D&rl=723&vabr=402&oh=c0587baed8f84dc44590072bad2b5981&oe=5AEDA47B) 33:35)
 
P.S. То же на ТыТрубе - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsqLm36l-XM (33:39)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:08:22
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 7 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/992690310441590784)

T-1hr 50min and counting. Active with #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) liquid oxygen chilldown and tanking.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:12:30
NOTAM (#223 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic12533/message1766303/#message1766303))
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82976)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:17:07
Цитата05/05/2018 12:08 Stephen Clark

Chilldown conditioning of the systems for the first stage liquid oxygen tank have been accomplished. The launch team just gave a "go" to begin loading super-cold liquid oxygen into the Atlas 5's first stage
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:38:28
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992699148918050819)

Right now, the launch team is NOT working any technical issues that would prevent an on time launch. However, the weather prediction says there is an 80% chance of violation due to fog. Welcome to Vandenberg. So think good, clear thoughts, all. #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:44:09
Цитата05/05/2018 12:41 Stephen Clark

Chilldown conditioning of the Centaur liquid hydrogen system has been completed. The ULA launch team has been given approval to begin pumping the cryogenic fuel into the Centaur upper stage, which will receive around 12,300 gallons of liquid hydrogen.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:54:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992702961687171084)

The countdown has reached T-1hr. We are 1hr 15mins away from the opening of today's launch window. There will be a planned built-in hold at the T-4min mark. #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:55:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/619265735148355586/LQG93qMR_bigger.jpg)William Harwood‏ @cbs_spacenews (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews/status/992703343062667264)

A5/InSight: Centaur liquid oxygen now at flight level; liquid hydrogen at 30 percent; countdown proceeding normally
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 12:58:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992704324399644677)

Flight Controls starting final prep's #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:00:38
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/992704988525793280)

#InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) will be launching to Mars atop a United Launch Alliance #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) in the 401 configuration: 4 meter Large Payload Fairing, 0 Solid Rocket Boosters, and 1 RL10C-1 engine.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbL5FQX4AA-aYe.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:11:14
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992707111665709057)

A reminder of our launch weather issue. Atlas V Launch Commit Criteria states that there must be visibility at the ground of 4 miles or greater to launch. If it's foggy, you're in violation of that. That's our big concern for today. #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:12:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 24 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992708274372964352)

Final checks of the Atlas V Flight Termination System (FTS) are now underway. #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:15:29
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992708218395725825)

#AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) with @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) looms large as we count down to liftoff at 4:05amPDT. Live broadcast at 3:30amPDT, http://bit.ly/av_insight  (https://t.co/m38OSTK0uR)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbO3NtWkAAgF1N.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:17:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 41 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992709006186688513)

According to source on the ground, Vandenberg Range has just gone GREEN (or "GO" ) on the visibility requirement for launch. That's big. Weather could be tracking in the right direction for us today. #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:19:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 15 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992709982511546368)

Mighty Atlas is feeling good this morning. The board is green. #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:21:03
+++
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 37 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992710424964419585)

Visibility req now officially waived. Fog no longer an issue. #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:25:26
Трансляция начнётся в 13:30 ДМВ

ЦитатаНАСА ТВ - https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html#public

NASA TV Public-Education - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wwMDvPCGeE0

NASAJPL Live: InSight Launch Week - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4_JNAFClFk

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:27:13
Цитата05/05/2018 13:24 Stephen Clark

The Atlas 5 rocket is now fully fueled for launch, with a load of RP-1 kerosene and liquid hydrogen fuel, plus liquid oxygen.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:30:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82978)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:35:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82979)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:36:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82980)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:36:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82981)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:37:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82982)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:39:41
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82983)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 13:40:20
Мы летим или не летим?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:42:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992714812105875456)

Latest forecast shows a 100% chance of favorable weather for liftoff at 4:05amPDT. All weather constraints are go for #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:52:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82984)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:53:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82985)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 13:53:16
Через 10 минут?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:53:54
Planned 15 min hold
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82986)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:54:32
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/63871979/twittericon_bigger.jpg)Spaceflight Now‏ @SpaceflightNow (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/SpaceflightNow/status/992718257550311425)

Engineers are studying a series of alarms noted during the Atlas 5 countdown a few minutes ago. As of now, liftoff from California's Central Coast remains set for 4:05am PDT (7:05am EDT; 1105 GMT) with the InSight spacecraft going to Mars.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:54:47
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82987)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:55:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992718222821543936)

Working a technical issue with data feeds.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 13:58:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82988)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:00:00
Раз в истории из Ванденберга стартует АМС и туман...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:01:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/619265735148355586/LQG93qMR_bigger.jpg)William Harwood‏ @cbs_spacenews (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews) 52 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/cbs_spacenews/status/992719858386292736)

A5/InSight: Switch config issue has been resolved; engineers verifying
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:02:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/937905979865300992/o7etOvdP_bigger.jpg)ULA‏Подлинная учетная запись @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) 21 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch/status/992720899555119104)

We are GO! for launch for @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) on a ULA #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash). On track for 4:05amPDT liftoff. Watch live http://bit.ly/av_insight  (https://t.co/m38OSTK0uR)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbaZX2WsAInnCM.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:02:58
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 2 мин.2 назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992720821184581634)

T-4mins and COUNTING! #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:04:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82989)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:06:23
Пуск!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82990)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:07:09
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82991)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:08:17
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82992)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:13:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82993)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:14:33
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82994)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:15:34
Выкл ДУ 1-й ст РН, разделение ступеней
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82995)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:17:10
Сброс ГО
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82996)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:18:05
РД-180 не подвёл. Уже неплохо.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:19:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82997)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: azeast от 05.05.2018 14:21:21
Автоматическая межпланетная станция InSight для изучения Марса запущена в субботу с базы Ванденберг (штат Калифорния). Ракета-носитель Altas-V401 стартовала с пускового комплекса номер 3Е в 04:05 по времени Тихоокеанского побережья (14:05 мск). Через 13 минут после старта станция будет выведена на полярную орбиту вокруг Земли, а затем, после включения двигателей, выйдет на траекторию полета к Марсу.

Подробнее на ТАСС:
http://tass.ru/kosmos/5178569
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:23:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82998)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:24:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/82999)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:29:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83000) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83001) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83002)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:30:56
Ну что там говорят? Где опорная орбита?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:31:03
ЦитатаNASA's InSight launched by Atlas V 401

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoRj24RTn6ghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoRj24RTn6g (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoRj24RTn6g) (5:50)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:32:09
Меня пугает когда вместо победных реляций показывают говорящие головы.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:33:20
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83003)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:36:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg)Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 28 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/992722176167088129)

LAUNCH! ULA's Atlas V launches with InSight to Mars! Follow Along Live: https://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=38893.200 ... (https://t.co/sPQdRYvjzt)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dcbbf_vWkAAtHRS.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbbhuqX4AAMtom.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbbjD9XUAAKw_p.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:41:32
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83004)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:42:50
 По этой картинке  http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/bitrix/components/bitrix/forum.interface/show_file.php?fid=82987&width=500&height=500 МЕКО-1 должно быть 10минут назад. 
Где оно? Я волнуюсь. Успокойте меня. 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:42:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1901667976/Official_LSP_Logo_JPG_bigger.jpg)NASA_LSP‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_LSP (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP) 9 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_LSP/status/992728505631854593)

We are now in a ~1 hour coast before Main Engine Start 2, which will be a ~5 minute burn before Main Engine Cut Off 2. This will be followed by InSight separation and the MarCO separations. #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Виктор Воропаев от 05.05.2018 14:44:12
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Меня пугает когда вместо победных реляций показывают говорящие головы.

Телеметрия ULA показала номинальную опорную: 99 x 100 морских миль, наклонение 64.0
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:45:33
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83005)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:46:52
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 27 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992725354157625344)

Centaur in parking orbit 185 x 185 km x 64.0 deg!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:49:47
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83006)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 14:53:58
Фу, блин, выдохнул.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:54:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 32 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992725627966017536)


Note that the ULA webcast onscreen figures change from statute miles to nautical miles once it starts showing perigee and apogee. Sigh...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:54:40
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83007)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 14:56:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992733163880374272)

Apparently the MarCO A and B cubesats are nicknamed Wall-E and Eva. I believe these are unofficial team nicknames rather than official NASA names for them.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:03:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83008)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:11:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 36 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/992729490039148544)

After the main engine cutoff we reach what's called my "parking orbit" around Earth. See launch blog: http://go.nasa.gov/2w20vTJ  (https://t.co/50dnoQSHB8)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DcbiL8cWkAAoivM.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Зловредный от 05.05.2018 15:13:18
Опять запускают и опять всё хорошо. Похвалить их, что-ли, чтобы жизнь мёдом не казалась?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:17:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83009)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:21:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83010)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:23:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83012)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:26:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83013)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:28:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83014)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83015)

MES-2
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83016)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:33:52
MECO-2
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83017)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:34:55
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83018)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:35:25
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83019)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:40:05
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 23 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992739417990287360)

The two MarCO cubesats use eight cold gas thrusters with only 25 milliNewton thrust each. The propellant is R236FA hydrofluorocarbon gas, often used as a refrigerant. I have no idea exactly what R236FA is.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:45:43
Отд КА InSight
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83020)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:45:59
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83021)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:46:44
Отд КА MarCO-A
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83022)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:47:23
Отд КА MarCO-B
 (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83023)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:51:41
SUCCESS!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83024) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83025)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:52:05
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83026)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:52:40
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83027)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:56:49
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/992747876970217472)

128
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 15:59:10
Трансляция НАСА завершена
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83030)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 16:03:58
И то неплохо.
Когда ожидается прибытие? 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 16:10:14
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/992750628123357184)

YES! And the ground teams are receiving signals from InSight as expected! #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash) #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch) #AtlasV (https://twitter.com/hashtag/AtlasV?src=hash) #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 16:11:47
ЦитатаСтарый (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/user/13420/) пишет:
Когда ожидается прибытие?
22 ноября. Посадка 26-го
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 16:58:09
ЦитатаInSight & MarCO on the way to Mars

SciNews (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjU6ZwoTQtKWfz1urL7XcbA)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkSoeSVA2wMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkSoeSVA2wM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkSoeSVA2wM) (3:08 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:00:24
ЦитатаLaunch of NASA's InSight Mars Lander on Atlas V 401

Space Videos (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdF5d0UwSJJunRcRVzP1uDg)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuDq3n_VKyIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuDq3n_VKyI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuDq3n_VKyI) (15:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:05:39
ЦитатаNASA Launches InSight to Mars (part 1)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 3 часа назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4_JNAFClFkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4_JNAFClFk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4_JNAFClFk) (1:55:01)
ЦитатаNASA Launches InSight to Mars (Part 2)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 1 час назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsFJScdGRVchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsFJScdGRVc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsFJScdGRVc) (22:42)

ЦитатаLaunch of Atlas V 401 Rocket with Mars Insight Mission

Space Videos (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdF5d0UwSJJunRcRVzP1uDg)

Трансляция началась 4 часа назад
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EF-hLs4F2uEhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EF-hLs4F2uE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EF-hLs4F2uE) (2:27:44)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:10:08
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 13 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992765038556573703)

Insight passes the geostationary belt in about 25 minutes. Will be at 20 deg south lat so not a risk to (or from) the equatorial GEO sats.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:23:51
https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/2018/05/05/insight-headed-for-mars-following-launch-on-atlas-v/
ЦитатаInSight Headed for Mars Following Launch on Atlas V

Anna Heiney (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/author/aheiney/)
Posted May 5, 2018 at 10:10 am


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/wp-content/uploads/sites/246/2018/05/insight_liftoff_distance-1024x576.jpg) (https://blogs.nasa.gov/kennedy/wp-content/uploads/sites/246/2018/05/insight_liftoff_distance.jpg)
A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket rises above a layer of thick fog blanketing central California during liftoff from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base. The Atlas V carried NASA's InSight spacecraft, which is embarking on a mission to land on Mars and study the planet's interior. Liftoff was at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT). Photo credit: NASA/Cory Huston

NASA's InSight (https://www.nasa.gov/insight) spacecraft successfully launched Saturday, May 5, aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Liftoff from Space Launch Complex-3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California took place at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT), the mission's earliest launch opportunity. Also on board were two CubeSats, together called Mars Cube One (http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php), or MarCO, a technology demonstration.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Александр Репной от 05.05.2018 17:27:10
С началом успеха миссии! А на отлётной траектории можно будет сегодня вечером увидеть КА?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:39:11
ЦитатаLiftoff of InSight

NASAKennedy (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.

A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket lifts off at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California carrying NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, Mars lander. InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface. It will study the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listen for marsquakes. The spacecraft will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet's deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars' formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKQ-6WCbHishttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKQ-6WCbHis (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKQ-6WCbHis) (2:11)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 17:41:10
ЦитатаInterview with NASA Launch Director

NASAKennedy (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjJtr2fFcUp6yljzJOzpHUg)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.

Following the successful liftoff of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket with NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, Mars lander, Launch Director Tim Dunn speaks with Tori McLendon of NASA Communications.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NisclMyoAkMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NisclMyoAkM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NisclMyoAkM) (2:43)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:00:01
https://www.ulalaunch.com/missions/missions-details/2018/05/05/united-launch-alliance-successfully-launches-west-coast-s-first-interplanetary-mission-for-nasa
ЦитатаUnited Launch Alliance Successfully Launches West Coast's First Interplanetary Mission for NASA

Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., (May 5, 2018 ) - A United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket carrying NASA's InSight Mars lander lifted off from Space Launch Complex-3 on May 5 at 4:05 a.m. PDT. InSight is the first mission launched to another planet from the West Coast, which requires more energy than an East Coast launch that takes advantage of the Earth's rotation. The West Coast Mars launch was made possible by the performance of the Atlas V and an optimized trajectory design to achieve the very exact hyperbolic injection required to deliver the spacecraft to Mars.
ULA and its heritage rockets have launched every U.S. spacecraft to the Red Planet since the 1960s, including Mars Science Lab, as well as the Spirit and Opportunity rovers. This was the 10th Mars launch on an Atlas rocket, and the fourth by the Atlas V following the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in 2005, the Curiosity rover in 2011 and the MAVEN orbiter in 2013.

In addition to InSight, the mission included two CubeSats which launched from dispensers mounted on the aft bulkhead carrier on the Atlas V Centaur second stage.
The Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, designed and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, are the first to travel interplanetary.
 
"ULA is proud to have been a key part of this mission to explore our universe and unlock possibilities in space that will benefit all of humankind," said Gary Wentz, ULA vice president of Government and Commercial Programs. "I want to express my sincerest thanks to the entire ULA team, NASA and all our partners and suppliers for their exceptional teamwork and dedication to another successful mission."

This mission was launched aboard an Atlas V 401 configuration vehicle, which includes a 4-meter Payload Fairing (PLF). The Atlas booster for this mission was powered by the RD AMROSS RD-180 engine. Aerojet Rocketdyne provided the RL10C-1 engine for the Centaur upper stage.

This is the 78th launch of the Atlas V rocket, ULA's fifth launch in 2018 and the 128th successful launch since the company was formed in December 2006.

ULA's next launch is the Parker Solar Probe mission for NASA on a Delta IV Heavy rocket. The launch is scheduled for no earlier than July 31 at Space Launch Complex-37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

With more than a century of combined heritage, United Launch Alliance is the Nation's most experienced and reliable launch service provider. ULA has successfully delivered more than 125 satellites to orbit that aid meteorologists in tracking severe weather, unlock the mysteries of our solar system, provide critical capabilities for troops in the field and enable personal device-based GPS navigation.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:06:37
http://www.vandenberg.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1513091/atlas-v-launches-from-vandenberg/
ЦитатаATLAS V LAUNCHES FROM VANDENBERG
By 30th Space Wing Public Affairs, 30th Space Wing Public Affairs / Published May 05, 2018

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. --
Team Vandenberg launched the NASA InSight Mission to Mars on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3E here, Saturday, May 5, at 4:05 a.m. PDT.

Col. Michael Hough, 30th Space Wing commander, was the space launch commander.

"This is our first interplanetary launch to Mars from Vandenberg and this launch not only garnered a lot of outside interest and attention but created many educational opportunities for the wing and our local communities," said Hough. "We appreciate NASA's enthusiasm and support that helped us all gain a better understanding of this particular mission we contributed to here at the wing. The entire launch team along with our mission partners to include United Launch Alliance, NASA and the Space and Missile Systems Center worked diligently to ensure that this launch was safe and successful."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:15:08
ЦитатаAtlas V NASA InSight Launch
30th Space Wing/Public Affairs
May 5, 2018 | 1:56

Team Vandenberg launched the NASA InSight Mission to Mars on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3E at Vandenberg AFB, CA, Saturday, May 5, at 4:05 a.m. PDT
https://cdn.dvidshub.net/media/video/1805/DOD_105596871/DOD_105596871-1920x1080-6221k.mp4https://cdn.dvidshub.net/media/video/1805/DOD_105596871/DOD_105596871-1920x1080-6221k.mp4 (https://cdn.dvidshub.net/media/video/1805/DOD_105596871/DOD_105596871-1920x1080-6221k.mp4) (1:56)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:25:48
Видео пуска с самолёта

https://www.instagram.com/p/BiZNN9HFTV0/

ЦитатаVideo (https://scontent-arn2-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/735ce2bccbd6393fddf3af7c555abe54/5AEFDD54/t50.2886-16/31505343_390396438036754_7479393969244209152_n.mp4)
https://scontent-arn2-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/735ce2bccbd6393fddf3af7c555abe54/5AEFDD54/t50.2886-16/31505343_390396438036754_7479393969244209152_n.mp4 (https://scontent-arn2-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/735ce2bccbd6393fddf3af7c555abe54/5AEFDD54/t50.2886-16/31505343_390396438036754_7479393969244209152_n.mp4) (1:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:33:45
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/8333/nasa-ula-launch-mission-to-study-how-mars-was-made
ЦитатаMAY 5, 2018
NASA, ULA Launch Mission to Study How Mars Was Made

(https://mars.nasa.gov//imgs/2018/05/41864015862_4eb1b8de31_o-full2.jpg) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/21803/insight-lifts-off-3)
(https://mars.nasa.gov/images/mep/moreinfo50.png) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/21803/insight-lifts-off-3)
INSIGHT LIFTS OFF 3
The NASA InSight spacecraft launches onboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas-V rocket, Saturday, May 5, 2018, fr om Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. InSight, short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, is a Mars lander designed to study the "inner space" of Mars: its crust, mantle, and core. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls


NASA's Mars Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission is on a 300-million-mile (483-million-kilometer) trip to Mars to study for the first time what lies deep beneath the surface of the Red Planet. InSight launched at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) Saturday from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
"The United States continues to lead the way to Mars with this next exciting mission to study the Red Planet's core and geological processes," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "I want to congratulate all the teams from NASA and our international partners who made this accomplishment possible. As we continue to gain momentum in our work to send astronauts back to the Moon and on to Mars, missions like InSight are going to prove invaluable."

First reports indicate the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket that carried InSight into space was seen as far south as Carlsbad, California, and as far east as Oracle, Arizona. One person recorded video of the launch (https://www.instagram.com/p/BiZNN9HFTV0/) from a private aircraft flying along the California coast.

Riding the Centaur second stage of the rocket, the spacecraft reached orbit 13 minutes and 16 seconds after launch. Sixty-one minutes later, the Centaur ignited a second time, sending InSight on a trajectory toward the Red Planet. InSight separated from the Centaur about 9 minutes later -- 93 minutes after launch -- and contacted the spacecraft via NASA's Deep Space Network at 5:41 a.m. PDT (8:41 a.m. EDT).

"The Kennedy Space Center and ULA teams gave us a great ride today and started InSight on our six-and-a-half-month journey to Mars," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "We've received positive indication the InSight spacecraft is in good health and we are all excited to be going to Mars once again to do groundbreaking science."

With its successful launch, NASA's InSight team now is focusing on the six-month voyage. During the cruise phase of the mission, engineers will check out the spacecraft's subsystems and science instruments, making sure its solar arrays and antenna are oriented properly, tracking its trajectory and performing maneuvers to keep it on course.

InSight is scheduled to land on the Red Planet around 3 p.m. EST (noon PST) Nov. 26, wh ere it will conduct science operations until Nov. 24, 2020, which equates to one year and 40 days on Mars, or nearly two Earth years.

"Scientists have been dreaming about doing seismology on Mars for years. In my case, I had that dream 40 years ago as a graduate student, and now that shared dream has been lofted through the clouds and into reality," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL.

The InSight lander will probe and collect data on marsquakes, heat flow from the planet's interior and the way the planet wobbles, to help scientists understand what makes Mars tick and the processes that shaped the four rocky planets of our inner solar system.

"InSight will not only teach us about Mars, it will enhance our understanding of formation of other rocky worlds like Earth and the Moon, and thousands of planets around other stars," said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate at the agency headquarters in Washington. "InSight connects science and technology with a diverse team of JPL-led international and commercial partners."

Previous missions to Mars investigated the surface history of the Red Planet by examining features like canyons, volcanoes, rocks and soil, but no one has attempted to investigate the planet's earliest evolution, which can only be found by looking far below the surface.

"InSight will help us unlock the mysteries of Mars in a new way, by not just studying the surface of the planet, but by looking deep inside to help us learn about the earliest building blocks of the planet," said JPL Director Michael Watkins.

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. NASA's Launch Services Program at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida is responsible for launch service acquisition, integration, analysis, and launch management. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is NASA's launch service provider.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Göttingen, Germany. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/)) instrument.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 18:40:07
https://photos.smugmug.com/Misc-Dump/i-Q6G2fFv/0/01e629a0/O/InSight_Launch_MtWilson.jpg
(https://photos.smugmug.com/Misc-Dump/i-Q6G2fFv/0/01e629a0/O/InSight_Launch_MtWilson.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.05.2018 19:13:31
Цитатаtnt22 пишет:
ЦитатаСтарый (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/user/13420/) пишет:
Когда ожидается прибытие?
22 ноября. Посадка 26-го
Спасибо. Подождём. :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: поц от 05.05.2018 17:19:42
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 18 мин.18 минут назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992796070336978945)


Insight now 63,000 km above Earth

Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 19:29:41
НОРАД каталогизировал 4 объекта запуска, наборы TLE отсутствуют
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/83124)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 19:31:39
ЦитатаUpdated: 05/05/2018 18:18 Stephen Clark

InSight is performing as expected after its launch this morning from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, according to mission officials The early activities on-board the spacecraft including charging batteries and checkouts of the probe's attitude control system.

Meanwhile, the Mars Cube One nanospacecraft should be going through a pre-programmed activation sequence, in which the CubeSats power up automatically and deploy their power-generating solar panels. The first good opportunity to receive signals from the MarCO spacecraft will come around 12 p.m. PDT (3 p.m. EDT; 1900 GMT) through the Canberra station of NASA's Deep Space Network, according to Joel Steinkraus, MarCO's mechanical lead.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 19:59:39
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/05/photos-mobile-gantry-retracted-for-launch-of-atlas-5-rocket-at-vandenberg/
ЦитатаPhotos: Mobile gantry retracted for launch of Atlas 5 rocket at Vandenberg
May 5, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

Towering more than 20 stories tall, the 8-million-pound mobile gantry at the Atlas 5 rocket's launch pad at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, was retracted into position late Friday for liftoff of NASA's InSight mission to Mars.

The mobile service tower began moving into launch position around 11:30 p.m. PDT Friday (2:30 a.m. EDT; 0630 GMT), around four-and-a-half hours before the opening of InSight's predawn launch window.

These photos show the reveal of the 188-foot-tall (57-meter) United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket at Space Launch Complex 3-East. Spotlights were shined on the launcher soon after the gantry retracted.
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_3616-3-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_3617-2-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/field_roll-1-678x1017.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/field_roll-2-678x1017.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_4020-2-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/field_roll-3-678x1017.jpg)
Credit: Alex Polimeni/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_4031-2-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_4034-2-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/IMG_4044-2-copy-678x452.jpg)
Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 21:40:50
ЦитатаAtlas V InSight Launch Highlights

United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfwEc6_Bv78https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfwEc6_Bv78 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfwEc6_Bv78) (1:58 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 22:18:48
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/05/foggy-departure-kicks-off-insights-journey-to-mars/
ЦитатаAfter foggy departure, it's clear sailing to Mars for InSight lander
May 5, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/insight_hartenstein-768x512.jpg)
A fog layer at Vandenberg Air Force Base prevented nearby observers fr om viewing the launch of NASA's InSight mission to Mars, but viewing points farther away from the launch site had clear skies. In this long exposure photo captured at Ventura, California. Credit: William G. Hartenstein

Making a fiery climb into a foggy sky Saturday over California's Central Coast, a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket dispatched NASA's InSight lander on a 301-million-mile voyage to Mars with a package of European-built instruments to probe the inside of the Red Planet.

The billion-dollar robotic mission took off at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT; 1105 GMT) Saturday from Space Launch Complex 3-East at Vandenberg Air Force Base, a secure military post northwest of Los Angeles that had never before hosted a launch to another planet.
A veil of fog flowed across Vandenberg and surrounding communities during the countdown, blocking views of the launch from observers who gathered to see the Atlas 5 rocket send the InSight mission to Mars. A rumble from the Atlas 5's main engine -- producing 860,000 pounds of thrust -- permeated the marine layer, but most nearby rocket-watchers did not glimpse the launcher's climb into space.

Powerful tracking cameras also had trouble following the Atlas 5, which disappeared into the fog a few seconds after liftoff. A long-rang infrared tracker stayed with the launcher, following the Atlas 5's four-minute first stage engine burn.

The launcher's Centaur upper stage took over the mission for two engine firings. The initial burn placed InSight into orbit around Earth, taking the interplanetary probe across the southern tip of South America, then north over the Indian Ocean east of Africa.

A second firing of the Centaur stage's hydrogen-fueled RL10 engine gave InSight the speed it needed to break away from the gravitational pull of Earth. After achieving escape velocity, the Centaur released the 1,530-pound (694-kilogram) InSight spacecraft at 5:38 a.m. PDT (8:38 a.m. EDT; 1238 GMT).

A few moments later, two briefcase-sized CubeSats designed and built at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory deployed from a carrier on the Centaur's aft bulkhead. The twin Mars Cube One, or MarCO, nanospacecraft will demonstrate miniaturized satellite technology in deep space, and they became the first CubeSats to leave Earth orbit with Saturday's launch.

Ground controllers received the first signals from InSight through the Deep Space Network station at Goldstone, California, at 5:41 a.m. PDT (8:41 a.m. EDT; 1241 GMT), confirming the spacecraft was healthy following Saturday's climb into space.

The MarCO CubeSats were expected to radio their status to engineers on Earth later Saturday.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who took office April 23, called to congratulate the NASA and ULA launch team from the agency's headquarters in Washington.

"This is a big day," Bridenstine said. "We're going back to Mars. We did it from the West Coast, which is a first-ever.

"This is an extraordinary mission with a whole host of firsts," he said. "It's important for our country. It's also important for the world, and it really establishes American leadership in a lot of ways."

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/AV_InSight2-1.jpg)
The Atlas 5 rocket carrying InSight lifts off from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, in a veil of fog. Credit: United Launch Alliance

InSight will conclude its 205-day interplanetary journey Monday, Nov. 26, with a dive into the Martian atmosphere. A thermal shield will protect the craft during descent, and a supersonic parachute and braking thrusters will slow InSight for a gentle touchdown at Elysium Planitia, an expansive equatorial plain that has not been visited by a previous spacecraft.

The MarCO CubeSats could provide a radio relay capability to beam telemetry from InSight directly to Earth as the lander drops into the Martian atmosphere. But InSight does not need the MarCO CubeSats to make a safe landing. The entry, descent and landing maneuvers will be pre-programmed into InSight's on-board computer for the make-or-break arrival at Mars in November.

Once on the Martian surface, InSight will unfurl solar arrays and place two instruments on the ground using a robotic arm to listen for tremors and measure the heat flow coming from the planet's super-heated interior.

"In this mission, we'll probe the interior of another terrestrial planet, giving us an idea of the size of the core, the mantle, and the crust, and our ability to then compare that to the Earth," said Jim Green, NASA's newly-appointed chief scientist, and former head of the space agency's planetary science division. "This is of fundamental importance for us to understand the origin of the solar system, and how it became the way it did today."

"The goal of InSight is nothing less than to better understand the birth of the Earth, the birth of the planet we live on, and we're going to do that by going to Mars," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Before InSight, all of NASA's 20 previous Mars missions departed from Cape Canaveral, taking advantage of Earth's rotation by launching toward the east. The extra momentum gives rockets an additional boost.

Vandenberg Air Force Base is typically host to launches into polar orbit, a type of orbit usually tailored for climate research missions, spy satellites and some communication applications.

But InSight is small, with a mass well below the lift capability of the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, which flew in its basic "401" configuration with a four-meter payload fairing and no solid rocket boosters.

That means the Atlas 5 did not need the extra energy imparted during an eastward launch from Cape Canaveral, and ULA and NASA agreed to launch InSight from Vandenberg. The launch contractor proposed to base the mission from the West Coast because fewer Atlas 5 missions are scheduled from Vandenberg, so officials wanted to reduce the workload at ULA's busier launch base in Florida.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/28086077179_d07b6997ba_k.jpg)
InSight's solar panels are deployed during a ground test. Credit: Lockheed Martin

Designers based the InSight lander on NASA's Phoenix probe, which launched in August 2007 and touched down on the northern polar plains of Mars in May 2008. Diminishing solar power and cold temperatures limited Phoenix's lifetime to about five months -- two months longer than its three-month prime mission.

InSight will head for a broad plain near the Martian equator with ample sunlight year-round, providing enough warmth and solar power to keep the mission operating for nearly two years, or a little more than one Martian year, and potentially much longer.

Several course-correction maneuvers are planned during the trip, setting up for InSight's one-shot descent through the Martian atmosphere.

Employing a similar entry, descent and landing profile as the Phoenix mission a decade ago, InSight will approach the target landing zone in Elysium Planitia, with its heat shield absorbing blistering temperatures up to 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit, before unfurling a parachute and firing downward-facing rocket thrusters to settle to a gentle touchdown.

Mission managers sel ected the nearly featureless landing target because of its safety. There are few surface hazards that could spell doom for InSight, and Banerdt, the mission's chief scientist, calls it the "biggest parking lot on Mars."

InSight was originally supposed to launch in March 2016, but problems sealing a vacuum enclosure containing one of the lander's primary instruments, a French-developed seismometer, forced officials to postpone the mission. Mars launch opportunities come once every 26 months, when the planets are in the proper positions in the solar system, so the next chance to send InSight to the Red Planet came Saturday.

Engineers redesigned the vacuum enclosure to eliminate an air leak in a feed-through, or wiring interface, used route data between the seismic sensors inside the instrument and electronics and communications equipment aboard the InSight spacecraft.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22227-full2-768x576.jpg)
Artist's illustration of the InSight spacecraft on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The protective enclosure keeps out wind and other environmental conditions that could disrupt the sensitive seismic measurements. It must keep a seal through the large day-and-night temperature swings on Mars.

"One of these feed-throughs was not capable of maintaining itself through the large temperature extremes," Banerdt said. "When we actually tested at Mars conditions going down to minus 100 or minus 120 degrees Celsius (minus 148 to minus 184 degrees Fahrenheit), it developed a very tiny crack and started leaking -- started allowing some air to come in.

"This was enough to upset the whole apple cart in terms of the sensitivity of the seismometer," Banerdt said.

JPL took over responsibility for fabricating a new enclosure, while the French space agency, CNES, remained in charge of the instrument's internal sensors.

The two-year delayed added roughly $150 million to InSight's cost, which now sits at more than $993 million, including launch and operations expenses. That figure includes an investment valued at approximately $180 million from the French and German space agencies.

The twin MarCO spacecraft cost another $18.5 million, according to NASA.

One of InSight's first jobs will be to take panoramic pictures to survey the landing site, a region unexplored by past Mars missions. InSight carries cameras based on technology originally developed for the Opportunity and Curiosity rovers, but with added capability for color imagery.

A nearly 8-foot-long (2.4-meter) robotic arm will place the seismometer and heat probe on the Martian surface next to the lander after touchdown. InSight's robotic arm was originally built for the canceled Mars Surveyor lander that was supposed to launch in 2001.

Other leftover parts on InSight include a landing radar originally built as a spare for the Phoenix mission, and surplus structural booms from the Curiosity rover repurposed for a Spanish-built weather station on InSight to collect temperature and wind data.

Once placed on the surface of Mars, the German-made Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, know as HP3, will hammer to a depth of 16 feet, or 5 meters, a process expected to take around six weeks with roughly 10,000 individual hammer blows, accounting for several planned pauses to allow the instrument to record thermal conductivity measurements.

"If you have an astronaut on the planet, you can do this in maybe 20 minutes or half an hour," Banerdt said of the heat flow experiment. "But if you want to do it robotically, you have to get a little bit more clever."

The metallic mole will probe deeper into the Martian crust than any past lander.

"We think this remote probe can actually go down about 15 feet, which gives us a better baseline to measure the temperature increase with depth and be able to estimate the amount of heat coming out of Mars," Banerdt said.

"And that amount of heat is tied to the geological activity of the planet. It's the heat engine of the planet that drives volcanism, it drives tectonic activity, it drives mountain-building. So all the geological processes that happen on a planet are driven by its heat engine, and we want to measure sort of the vigor of that heat engine."

"We switch on the temp sensors and record the temperature over depth and time for up to two years," said Tilman Spohn, HP3 investigation lead from DLR, the German Aerospace Center, in Berlin. "Taking the temperature gradient, or the rate at which the temperature increases (with depth), gives us the heat flow. Very simple and straightforward, but as planetary science often is, very difficult. The devil is in the details."

The seismometer will get to work listening for marsquakes.

"Sensitive is really an understatement," Banerdt said of the seismometer. "Tt's an exquisitely sensitive device for measuring the motion of the ground. And when we talk about motion, we're talking about vibrations that have an amplitude comparable to the size of an atom.

"These are waves that were generated, maybe, by a marsquake on the other side of the planet, have traveled all the way through the planet, getting their waveform modified as they go through the planet and picking up information about the deep interior structure, and then we are able to pick it up when it comes back up to the surface under the seismometer," Banerdt said.

The seismic sensors aboard InSight evolved from mission concepts in the 1990s and 2000s that would have dispatched multiple small probes to Mars, creating a global geophysical network. InSight will give scientists just one seismic station, but experts have developed techniques to glean information about the interior of Mars, even with a single seismometer.

Researchers have attempted seismic detections on Mars before, but seismometers on NASA's Viking landers in the 1970s provided inconclusive results. The instruments were mounted the decks of the landers, making them susceptible from interference from spacecraft vibrations and winds.

"Not only do you have to have a very sensitive device for measuring those motions but you have to protect it from everything else that might affect it," he said. "We have several different layers of protection, it's sort of like a Russian doll."

An electrical and data cable will connect the seismometer to the InSight lander.

Philippe Lognonné, head of the InSight seismic investigation team at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France, said scientists do not have a confirmed detection of marsquake, but evidence suggests weak tremors occur on the red planet.

"We have no clear data on seismic activity on the planet," Lognonné in an interview with Spaceflight Now. "We imagine it because we see faults on the surface. In some places, we have seen wh ere a boulder may have fallen down from a scarp. But again, we have no data."

Lognonné said, based on existing theoretical models, the seismometer could register around 20 or 30 quakes per year, sensing ripples from all types of seismic waves moving through the planet.

"We cover all the seismic waves, and we even have sensitivity to tides, the Phobos tide especially," Lognonné said. "We cover all the signals to be generated by a quake."

Scientists will also measure Mars' polar wobble by analyzing radio signals transmitted between InSight and Earth-based antennas.

"By the timing of that signal, we can track the location of the spacecraft at Mars ... with an accuracy of something around a foot or so, maybe a little bit less," Banerdt said. "To me, that's the closest we can get to magic with science."

With that information, scientists can determine which way the Martian north pole is pointing as the planet rotates.

"Over the course of a year, we can watch the north pole wobble just a little bit because of the core sloshing around inside of the planet, and that will give us a very, very tight constraint on the size of that core and its density, and so its composition," Banerdt said. "That tells us the structure of Mars. The structure of Mars tells us something about the processes that put that structure together. We can put this into our mdoels, extrapolate it to Earth, and understand how the Earth formed four-and-half billion years ago."

Much of the ancient geologic record on Earth has eroded away, but Mars may still hold clues about how it was born, accreted rock and dust, and formed a hot, high-pressure mantle and core as heavier elements sunk deep beneath its surface.

"How we get fr om a ball of featureless rock into a planet that may or may not support life is a key question in planetary science," Banerdt said. "And these processes that do this all happen in the first tens of millions of years."

Discoveries made by InSight at Mars could inform scientists how the Earth formed and evolved.

"Mars is a smaller planet," Banerdt said. "It's less active than the Earth, so it has retained the fingerprints of those early processes in its basic structure -- the thickness of the crust, the compositon of the mantle, the size and composition of its core," he said. "By mapping out these boundaries, these various different sections of the inside of the planet, we can then understand better how the planet formed, and how our planet got to be the way it is."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.05.2018 22:37:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/956552781036371968/u2JQHe-a_bigger.jpg)Cowboy Dan‏ @CowboyDanPaasch (https://twitter.com/CowboyDanPaasch) 11 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/CowboyDanPaasch/status/992691701071433728)

#InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash) Fun Fact: Distance between Earth and Mars at launch, 75 million miles. Distance traveled to get to Mars, 301 million miles. #NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASAInSight?src=hash) (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)(https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dca_S7wVwAAKwD4.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Not от 06.05.2018 13:54:07
Установлена связь с обоими кубосатами, в 12:15 p.m. PST первый сигнал, в 1:58 p.m. PST второй. Polo!  :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 14:56:20
ЦитатаInSight Mission to Mars Launch

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 5 мая 2018 г.

Go, Atlas. Go, Centaur. Go, InSight! NASA's InSight mission launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base for Mars on May 5, 2018--the first interplanetary launch from the West Coast. InSight is expected to land on the Red Planet on Nov. 26, 2018. More than a mission to Mars, InSight will help scientists understand the formation and early evolution of all rocky planets, including Earth.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mo6HnBZ7N-Qhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mo6HnBZ7N-Q (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mo6HnBZ7N-Q) (1:25)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 15:13:53
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 14 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/992892746649227269)

Insight, MarCO-A, MarCO-B and AV-078 are now all over 150,000 km from Earth. This puts them past the Earth-Moon 1:4 resonance that I use as the boundary of deep space, so I'm adding them to the (yet to be published) Deep Space Catalog
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Drone от 06.05.2018 13:26:32
В Якутске похоже был виден разгон

https://youtu.be/pmZ-uj8H9Rw

https://youtu.be/pmZ-uj8H9Rw (https://youtu.be/pmZ-uj8H9Rw)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 15:41:18
ЦитатаNot (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/user/13990/) пишет:
Установлена связь с обоими кубосатами, в 12:15 p.m. PST первый сигнал, в 1:58 p.m. PST второй. Polo!  :)  
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2305452633/lg0hov3l8g4msxbdwv48_bigger.jpeg)NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) 14 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL/status/992901774267727873)

Marco? Polo... in space! A pair of intrepid spacecraft launched today with @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) are the first-ever deep space CubeSats. #MARCO (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MARCO?src=hash) A and B are healthy, communicating and on their journey toward #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash). https://go.nasa.gov/2HTMbOm  (https://t.co/4UoyCfdM3I)
https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dcd-vACVQAAO4gu.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dcd-vACVQAAO4gu.mp4)
(video (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dcd-vACVQAAO4gu.mp4) 0:05)
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7115
ЦитатаMAY 5, 2018

NASA's First Deep-Space CubeSats Say: 'Polo!'

(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/marco/20180419/PIA22314-16.jpg)
An artist's rendering of the twin Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft as they fly through deep space. The MarCOs will be the first CubeSats -- a kind of modular, mini-satellite -- attempting to fly to another planet. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech 
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22314)


NASA has received radio signals indicating that the first-ever CubeSats headed to deep space are alive and well. The first signal was received at 12:15 p.m. PST (3:15 p.m. EST) today; the second at 1:58 p.m. PST (4:58 p.m. EST). Engineers will now be performing a series of checks before both CubeSats enter their cruise to deep space.

Mars Cube One, or MarCO (https://go.nasa.gov/MarCO_Launch), is a pair of briefcase-sized spacecraft that launched along with NASA's InSight (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/) Mars lander at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT) today fr om Vandenberg Air Force Base in Central California. InSight is a scientific mission that will probe the Red Planet's deep interior for the first time; the name stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport.

The twin MarCO CubeSats are on their own separate mission: rather than collecting science, they will follow the InSight lander on its cruise to Mars, testing out miniature spacecraft technology along the way.

Both were programmed to unfold their solar panels soon after launch, followed by several opportunities to radio back their health.

"Both MarCO-A and B say 'Polo!' It's a sign that the little sats are alive and well," said Andy Klesh, chief engineer for the MarCO mission at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, which built the twin spacecraft.
The computers inside each MarCO CubeSat haven't been turned on since being tested at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, in mid-March, wh ere they were prepared for launch by Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems of Irvine, California. Each spacecraft had to do a lot of things right by itself for the team to hear a signal: batteries had to retain enough charge for the spacecraft to deploy their solar arrays, stabilize their attitude, turn toward the Sun and turn on their radios.

A couple of weeks will be spent assessing how the MarCO CubeSats are performing. If they survive the radiation of space and function as planned, they'll fly over the Red Planet during InSight's entry, descent and landing in November. They each have a special antenna to relay InSight's vital signs during the infamous "Seven Minutes of Terror (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ki_Af_o9Q9s)", the crucial phase which has claimed the majority of humanity's probes sent to land on the Red Planet.

CubeSats are a kind of boxy satellite invented to teach engineering students how to build spacecraft. Today, they offer access to space for private companies and research institutions. They're just one kind of "SmallSat," which includes a broad range organized by weight class. CubeSats are generally under 33 pounds (15 kilograms), and can weigh as little as about five pounds (2.5 kilograms). They're distinctively modular, which makes it easier to buy "plug-in" parts rather than custom-design every part of the spacecraft.

NASA is taking the opportunity to test several experimental systems with MarCO. Their radios, folding high-gain antennas, attitude control and propulsion systems are all included to prove new technologies in deep space.

"We're nervous but excited," said Joel Krajewski of JPL, MarCO's project manager. "A lot of work went into designing and testing these components so that they could survive the trip to Mars and relay data during InSight's landing. But our broader goal is to learn more about how to adapt CubeSat technologies for future deep-space missions."

When InSight arrives on Mars in November, it won't rely on MarCO for sending landing data back to Earth. That job will go to NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as several Earth-based astronomy telescopes. But the MarCO mission could help prove the potential for CubeSats as a kind of bring-your-own "black box" for future NASA missions.

MarCO was built by JPL, which manages InSight and MarCO for NASA. It was funded by both JPL and NASA's Science Mission Directorate. A number of commercial suppliers provided unique technologies for MarCO. A full list, along with more information about the spacecraft, can be found here (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/appendix/mars-cube-one/).
2018-090
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 17:44:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/918242971887140864/wzmyqaxd_bigger.jpg)Jay L. DeShetler‏ @jdeshetler (https://twitter.com/jdeshetler) 16 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jdeshetler/status/993134827816681472)

Long range video shot of ULA Atlas V - NASA InSight Mars Lander which was launched at 4:05 am. Taken from Santa Ynez Summit, 3,800' above Santa Barbara, 42 miles from the SLC-3E pad. @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) @ulalaunch (https://twitter.com/ulalaunch)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsDGmRoNNrs (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsDGmRoNNrs)
(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsDGmRoNNrs) 0:58 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 18:18:20
НОРАД опубликовал
0 MARCO-A
1 43458U 18042B   18125.51663194 -.00002567 +81162-5 +00000-0 0  9995
2 43458 063.9700 108.8000 0014000 352.2000 089.5396 16.35832554000007
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.05.2018 23:24:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 28 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/993217092353757185)

Mars Insight and its fellow travellers now 409,000 km from Earth, beyond the orbit of the Moon.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.05.2018 04:59:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/618927598706536448/tvPpxcxy_bigger.png)NASA_TESS‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_TESS (https://twitter.com/NASA_TESS) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASA_TESS/status/993290408829517824)

.@NASA_TESS (https://twitter.com/NASA_TESS) Mission Update: completed the P2M (Perigee 2 Maneuver), another on orbit burn to place #TESS (https://twitter.com/hashtag/TESS?src=hash) into its final science orbit, nominally. The instrument is turned off for all maneuvers. While this maneuver is only for 7 secs it puts TESS on target for our lunar encounter.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.05.2018 04:03:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/993620211906629633)

Insight is now 706,000 km from Earth, about half way to the edge of the Earth-Moon system [Hill sphere].
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 09.05.2018 04:31:43
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 30 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/994019287147855872)

Counting down - 200 days until I touch down on #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! Although @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) has landed safely on the Red Planet in the past, it's always very challenging. Read more about my dramatic landing: http://go.nasa.gov/2E9FTJ4  (https://t.co/YuxdU7zlc1)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dct20guV0AEyHtl.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 11.05.2018 12:07:08
ЦитатаAtlas V InSight Rocket Cam

United Launch Alliance (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnrGPRKAg1PgvuSHrRIl3jg)

Опубликовано: 10 мая 2018 г.

ULA's Atlas V rocket blasted off on May 5, 2018, with NASA's InSight mission to Mars. Here's what it looked like from the rocket's perspective.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02mEFLOsMHMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02mEFLOsMHM (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02mEFLOsMHM) (7:36)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.05.2018 22:51:01
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7124
ЦитатаMAY 15, 2018
A Pale Blue Dot, As Seen by a CubeSat

(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/marco/20180515/PIA22323-16.jpg)
The first image captured by one of NASA's Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats. The image, which shows both the CubeSat's unfolded high-gain antenna at right and the Earth and its moon in the center, was acquired by MarCO-B on May 9. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22323)


NASA's Voyager 1 took a classic portrait of Earth (https://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00452) from several billion miles away in 1990. Now a class of tiny, boxy spacecraft, known as CubeSats, have just taken their own version of a "pale blue dot" image, capturing Earth and its moon in one shot.

NASA set a new distance record for CubeSats on May 8 when a pair of CubeSats called Mars Cube One (MarCO) reached 621,371 miles (1 million kilometers) from Earth. One of the CubeSats, called MarCO-B (and affectionately known as "Wall-E" to the MarCO team) used a fisheye camera to snap its first photo on May 9. That photo is part of the process used by the engineering team to confirm the spacecraft's high-gain antenna has properly unfolded.

As a bonus, it captured Earth and its moon as tiny specks floating in space.
"Consider it our homage to Voyager," said Andy Klesh, MarCO's chief engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. JPL built the CubeSats and leads the MarCO mission. "CubeSats have never gone this far into space before, so it's a big milestone. Both our CubeSats are healthy and functioning properly. We're looking forward to seeing them travel even farther."

The MarCO spacecraft are the first CubeSats ever launched to deep space. Most never go beyond Earth orbit; they generally stay below 497 miles (800 kilometers) above the planet. Though they were originally developed to teach university students about satellites, CubeSats are now a major commercial technology, providing data on everything from shipping routes to environmental changes.

The MarCO CubeSats were launched on May 5 along with NASA's InSight lander, a spacecraft that will touch down on Mars and study the planet's deep interior for the first time. InSight, short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, will attempt to land on Mars on Nov. 26. JPL also leads the InSight mission.

Mars landings are notoriously challenging due to the Red Planet's thin atmosphere. The MarCO CubeSats will follow along behind InSight during its cruise to Mars. Should they make it all the way to Mars, they will radio back data about InSight while it enters the atmosphere and descends to the planet's surface. The high-gain antennas are key to that effort; the MarCO team have early confirmation that the antennas have successfully deployed, but will continue to test them in the weeks ahead.

InSight won't rely on the MarCO mission for data relay. That job will fall to NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. But the MarCOs could be a pathfinder so that future missions can "bring their own relay" to Mars. They could also demonstrate a number of experimental technologies, including their antennas, radios and propulsion systems, which will allow CubeSats to collect science in the future.

Later this month, the MarCOs will attempt the first trajectory correction maneuvers ever performed by CubeSats. This maneuver lets them steer towards Mars, blazing a trail for CubeSats to come.
2018-099
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.05.2018 23:32:55
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/17/first-interplanetary-cubesats-already-setting-records-in-deep-space/
ЦитатаFirst interplanetary CubeSats already setting records in deep space
May 17, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/05/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/pia22314-3.jpg)
Artist's concept of the MarCO CubeSats. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Two CubeSats developed at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory launched May 5 with the InSight mission to Mars have deployed their miniaturized antennas and captured a distant family portrait of the Earth and the moon.

The twin spacecraft have already set a distance record for CubeSats, and they were moving away from Earth at a range of 1.8 million miles (2.9 million kilometers) as of Wednesday.
The microprobes are part of the Mars Cube One mission, a technology demonstration project that aims to test the feasibility of operating CubeSats in deep space. If successful, the two testbeds could lay the foundation for miniature spacecraft traveling to the moon, asteroids, comets and the planets, accomplishing focused scientific objectives at significantly lower cost than conventional space probes.

Known as MarCO for short, the CubeSats accompanied NASA's InSight spacecraft during its launch May 5 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Moments after the InSight probe deployed from the forward end of the upper stage of the mission's Atlas 5 launcher, the twin MarCO CubeSats released from a carrier mounted to the rocket stage's aft bulkhead.

The two satellites, each about the size of a briefcase, powered up and executed a pre-programmed sequence to activate their on-board avionics and deploy their power-generating solar panels, each with an area of just one square foot. Both CubeSats radioed their status to controllers on Earth a few hours after separating from the Atlas 5 rocket.

Some engineers were waiting anxiously for a status report from the CubeSats, which were last powered up nearly two months before launch, before their stowage inside their deployment mechanism on the rocket.

But the signals came back to Earth, confirming both spacecraft were healthy and ready for post-launch checkouts.

Controllers uplinked commands from the ground for each spacecraft, named MarCO-A and MarCO-B, to deploy two antennas. One of the antennas on each CubeSat, operating in X-band, is designed to beam signals back to Earth from distances as far away as Mars without needing much power, an essential capability for such small spacecraft.

MarCO-A and MarCO-B also deployed a UHF radio antenna, which will receive telemetry from the InSight spacecraft as it descends through the Martian atmosphere Nov. 26. The $18.5 million MarCO mission was conceived primarily as a technology demonstration, but it will attempt to relay status signals from InSight back to Earth during the craft's critical entry, descent and landing phase.

Andrew Good, a JPL spokesperson, confirmed Wednesday that all antennas on both MarCO CubeSats deployed as planned.

Each CubeSat carries a wide-field camera to verify the successful deployment of the X-band high-gain antennas. One of the validation images downlinked from MarCO-B on May 9 captured a view of the Earth as a "pale blue dot" amid the blackness of space, with the moon lurking nearby.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22323-16-768x432.jpg)
The first image captured by one of NASA's Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats. The image, which shows both the CubeSat's unfolded high-gain antenna at right and the Earth and its moon in the center, was acquired by MarCO-B on May 9. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

"Consider it our homage to Voyager," said Andy Klesh, MarCO's chief engineer at JPL, referring to the famous "Pale Blue Dot" image of Earth taken by the Voyager 1 spacecraft from the outer solar system. "CubeSats have never gone this far into space before, so it's a big milestone. Both our CubeSats are healthy and functioning properly. We're looking forward to seeing them travel even farther."

Nearly 1,000 CubeSats have been launched since 2000, enabling commercial companies, universities, governments and other types of budget-constrained organizations cheaper access to space. A CubeSat can come in various sizes, each based on a cubic "unit" measuring around 4 inches (10 centimeters) on a side.

The MarCO spacecraft are "six-unit" CubeSats, and they are the first of their kind to leave Earth's vicinity.

Packing all the capability of a traditional spacecraft into a package as small as a CubeSat has been a challenge.

"We need to be able to communicate, to navigate, and to be able to maneuver in the deep space environment," Klesh said.

The success of InSight's landing on Mars will not depend on the MarCO CubeSats.

InSight will transmit data during its entry, descent and landing up to NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which will store the information and send it back to ground controllers more than an hour later. The time delay is required because MRO is not capable of simultaneously receiving information in one band and transmitting data in another.

Giant radio telescopes on Earth will also listen for signals radioed directly from InSight in near real-time -- accounting for a time delay due to the vast distance to Mars -- but the ground-based antennas are expected to only verify the lander's "aliveness" during descent and touchdown.

The MarCO CubeSats will sail by Mars at a distance of around 2,175 miles (3,500 kilometers), orienting their UHF antennas toward InSight and pointing their X-band high-gain reflectors to Earth. If the CubeSats work as intended, they will receive detailed UHF telemetry from InSight, re-format the data in an on-board computer, then beam the information to Earth in X-band.

NASA sent two 30-pound (13.5-kilogram) CubeSats for redundancy in case one of the MarCO probes runs into trouble.

Regardless of the success of the MarCO mission, or the other listening options via MRO or ground-based radio telescopes, InSight's parachute- and rocket-assisted touchdown sequence will be completely autonomous, not requiring any real-time input from engineers on Earth.

One of the crucial technologies embedded inside each MarCO spacecraft is a miniaturized "Iris" radio, about the size of a softball, that crams advanced receive and transmission functions into a package that can fit into a CubeSat. The Iris radio is designed to interface with NASA's Deep Space Network, a collection of antennas at three sites in California, Spain and Australia that connect with spacecraft traveling throughout the solar system.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22317_hires-768x641.jpg)
Engineer Joel Steinkraus uses sunlight to test the solar arrays on one of the Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The MarCO CubeSats will test out their propulsion capabilities in the first of several course-correction maneuvers set for late next week, Good said.

But they do not carry the typical propellants used by satellites. Instead of a conventional liquid fuel, like hydrazine, the CubeSats will change its trajectory with compressed R236FA gas, which is commonly used in fire extinguishers.

Engineers who worked on the MarCO mission nicknamed the CubeSats "Wall-E" and "Eva," based on characters from the 2008 Pixar film. In the movie, the sentient Wall-E robot uses a fire extinguisher to propel through space.

The compressed gas supply will feed eight tiny thrusters on each CubeSat.

According to Good, the twin MarCO spacecraft will conduct their trajectory correction maneuvers one at a time to begin fine-tuning their course toward Mars.

The Atlas 5 rocket intentionally targeted a trajectory slightly offset from Mars during the May 5 launch to ensure the vehicle's Centaur upper stage would not impact the Red Planet. InSight and the twin MarCO CubeSats will bend their trajectories back toward Mars with a series of maneuvers over the coming months.

Developers are already designing and building CubeSats for future deep space missions, and results from MarCO will help ensure engineers their concepts will work far away from Earth.

Thirteen CubeSats will fly on the first launch of NASA's Space Launch System in 2020, each with standalone missions to study the moon, travel to an asteroid, and conduct other types of research and demonstrations in deep space.

NASA is also planning to seek proposals for CubeSats and other small spacecraft that could ride on future interplanetary launches, adding scientific capability and opportunities for bonus science to already-planned missions, such as the Lucy and Psyche asteroid probes set for launch in 2021 and 2022.

The space agency has funded studies of 19 interplanetary mission concepts using CubeSats and other types of "SmallSats" to help teams advance their work.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 19.05.2018 19:38:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/760437859069390848/lorDxKoh_bigger.jpg)Tory Bruno‏Подлинная учетная запись @torybruno (https://twitter.com/torybruno) 17 мая (https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/997070704896983040)

Feeling nostalgic for our last trip to Mars? Here's the post flight from #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash). Mighty Atlas made another Interplanetary bullseye

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DdZOhXpVMAAvfOk.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.05.2018 01:16:01
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/insight-steers-toward-mars
ЦитатаMAY 23, 2018

InSight Steers Toward Mars

NASA's InSight lander has made its first course correction toward Mars.

InSight, short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, is the first mission dedicated to exploring the deep interior of Mars.

The lander is currently encapsulated in a protective aeroshell, which launched on top of an Atlas V 401 rocket on May 5 fr om Vandenberg Air Force Base in Central California. Yesterday, the spacecraft fired its thrusters for the first time to change its flight path. This activity, called a trajectory correction maneuver, will happen a maximum of six times to guide the lander to Mars.
Every launch starts with a rocket. That's necessary to get a spacecraft out past Earth's gravity -- but rockets don't complete the journey to other planets. Before launch, every piece of hardware headed to Mars is cleaned, limiting the number of Earth microbes that might travel on the spacecraft. However, the rocket and its upper stage, called a Centaur, don't get the same special treatment.

As a result, Mars launches involve aiming the rocket just off-target so that it flies off into space. Separately, the spacecraft performs a series of trajectory correction maneuvers guiding it to the Red Planet. This makes sure that only the clean spacecraft lands on the planet, while the upper stage does not come close.

Precise calculations are required for InSight to arrive at exactly the right spot in Mars' atmosphere at exactly the right time, resulting in a landing on Nov. 26. Every step of the way, a team of navigators estimates the position and velocity of the spacecraft. Then they design maneuvers to deliver it to an entry point at Mars. That navigation team is based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, which leads the InSight mission.

"This first maneuver is the largest we'll conduct," said Fernando Abilleira of JPL, InSight's Deputy Mission Design and Navigation Manager. "The thrusters will fire for about 40 seconds to impart a velocity change of 3.8 meters per second [8.5 mph] to the spacecraft. That will put us in the right ballpark as we aim for Mars."

Especially at the beginning of that cruise, navigators rely on NASA's Deep Space Network (DSN) to track the spacecraft. The DSN is a system of antennas located at three sites around the Earth. As the planet rotates, each of these sites comes into range of NASA's spacecraft, pinging them with radio signals to track their positions. The antennas also send and receive data this way.

The DSN can give very accurate measurements about spacecraft position and velocity. But predicting wh ere InSight will be after it fires its thrusters requires lots of modeling, Abilleira said. As the cruise to Mars progresses, navigators have more information about the forces acting on a spacecraft. That lets them further refine their models. Combined with DSN tracking measurements, these models allow them to precisely drive the spacecraft to the desired entry point.

"Navigation is all about statistics, probability and uncertainty," Abilleira said. "As we gather more information on the forces acting on the spacecraft, we can better predict how it's moving and how future maneuvers will affect its path."

Yesterday's 40-second burn relies on four of eight thrusters on the spacecraft. A separate group of four is autonomously fired on a daily basis to keep the spacecraft's solar panels trained on the Sun and its antennas pointed at Earth. While necessary to maintain orientation, these small, daily firings also introduce errors that navigators have to account for and counterbalance.

"Everyone has been working hard since launch to assess what these small forces have done to the trajectory," said Allen Halsell of JPL, InSight's navigation team chief. "People have worked lots of hours to look at that. For engineers, it's a very interesting problem, and fun to try to figure out."

When the spacecraft is just a few hours from Mars, the planet's gravitational pull, or gravity well, will begin to reel the spacecraft in. At that point, InSight's team will prepare for the next milestone after cruise: entering Mars' atmosphere, descending to the surface and sticking InSight's landing.

JPL, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver.

Find more information about InSight at:
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/

Follow InSight's path to Mars by visiting NASA's Eyes on the Solar System:
https://go.nasa.gov/2FSWReg

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.06.2018 07:03:29
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7147
ЦитатаJUNE 1, 2018

NASA CubeSats Steer Toward Mars
(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/marco/20180601/marco-16.jpg)
An artist's concept of one of NASA's MarCO CubeSats. The twin MarCOs are the first CubeSats to complete a trajectory correction maneuver, firing their thrusters to guide themselves toward Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Larger view (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/marco/20180601/marco-home.jpg)


NASA has achieved a first for the class of tiny spacecraft known as CubeSats, which are opening new access to space.

Over the past week, two CubeSats called MarCO-A and MarCO-B have been firing their propulsion systems to guide themselves toward Mars. This process, called a trajectory correction maneuver, allows a spacecraft to refine its path to Mars following launch. Both CubeSats successfully completed this maneuver; NASA's InSight spacecraft just completed the same process (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7138) on May 22.
The pair of CubeSats that make up the Mars Cube One (MarCO) mission both launched on May 5, along with the InSight lander, which is headed toward a Nov. 26 touchdown on the Red Planet. They were designed to trail InSight on the way to Mars, aiming to relay back data about InSight as it enters the planet's atmosphere and attempts to land. The MarCOs were never intended to collect any science data; instead, they are a test of miniaturized communication and navigation technology that can blaze a path for future CubeSats sent to other planets.

Both MarCO-A and B successfully completed a set of communications tests in the past couple of weeks, said John Baker, program manager for planetary SmallSats at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. JPL built both MarCO CubeSats and leads the mission.

"Our broadest goal was to demonstrate how low-cost CubeSat technology can be used in deep space for the first time," Baker said. "With both MarCOs on their way to Mars, we've already traveled farther than any CubeSat before them."

While MarCO-A corrected its course to Mars relatively smoothly, MarCO-B faced some unexpected challenges. Its maneuver was smaller due to a leaky thruster valve that engineers have been monitoring for the past several weeks. The leak creates small trajectory changes on its own. Engineers have factored in these nudges so that MarCO-B can still perform a trajectory correction maneuver. It will take several more weeks of tracking to refine these nudges so that MarCO-B can follow InSight on its cruise through space.

"We're cautiously optimistic that MarCO-B can follow MarCO-A," said Joel Krajewski of JPL, MarCO's project manager. "But we wanted to take more time to understand the underlying issues before attempting the next course-correction maneuver."

Once the MarCO team has analyzed data, they'll know the size of follow-on maneuvers. Several more course corrections will be needed to reach the Red Planet.

Should the CubeSats make it all the way to Mars, they will attempt to relay data to Earth about InSight's landing. InSight won't rely on either CubeSat for that data relay, however; that job will fall to NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

2018-123
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.06.2018 18:59:26
ЦитатаNASA ScienceCasts: New InSight into the Red Planet

ScienceAtNASA (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKt6dYzHqHfpcp1lgj4bl1A)

Опубликовано: 21 июн. 2018 г.

We've always referred to Mars as the red planet because of its surface color. But what's below that dusty crust? NASA's InSight mission is determined to find out.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lab6gl0FYoQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lab6gl0FYoQ (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lab6gl0FYoQ) (3:36)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.08.2018 22:34:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 18 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1024468173507112961)

Can't go 300 million miles without turning my steering wheel! My team has tweaked my flight path for the second time and I'm well on my way to #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash). Read more about these tweaks: https://go.nasa.gov/2DDV0K4  (https://t.co/0z5CGRF8En)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DjejxJjUYAAX-YO.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 05.08.2018 22:57:01
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 2 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1026163428144996352)

I'm HALFWAY to #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! I'm traveling at a speed of ~6,200 mph. My total trip is ~300 million miles. I'll land on Mars Nov. 26, 2018. Learn more about my trip: http://go.nasa.gov/2DDV0K4  (https://t.co/ZGdaiDCRtR)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 06.08.2018 01:57:42
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 37 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1026230651199127553)

Anne Marinan, JPL: MarCO-A cubesat recently performed second trajectory correction maneuver en route to Mars, and MarCO-B will perform second TCM in the next week.
#smallsat (https://twitter.com/hashtag/smallsat?src=hash)

36 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1026230948143214592)

Marinan: both spacecraft are performing well. MarCO-B has a small propellant leak due to an unseated valve, but able to mitigate its effects.
#smallsat (https://twitter.com/hashtag/smallsat?src=hash)

34 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1026231381515542528)

Marinan: focus now is on prime mission to relay entry, descent and landing data from the Insight lander in November, but may consider an extended mission afterwards to collect more engineering data.
#smallsat (https://twitter.com/hashtag/smallsat?src=hash)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 18.08.2018 21:58:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 4 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1030836913299546113)

In (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4af.png) days, I'm scheduled to land on #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash). My touchdown is set for November 26, making the days around the Thanksgiving holiday extra memorable this year. No other mission has done what I'll be doing. Learn how I'll study Mars' deep interior: http://go.nasa.gov/2EaR844  (https://t.co/nCryBG5VlL)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.08.2018 21:37:56
ЦитатаNASA Mars Report: August 20, 2018

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 20 авг. 2018 г.

What's the latest news from Mars? A global dust storm is starting to settle, but still obscures the Martian surface; the Curiosity rover turns six and drills a new rock sample; the InSight lander is more than halfway to Mars and has tested its instruments and cameras. For more about all of NASA's Mars missions, visit https://mars.nasa.gov (https://www.youtube.com/redirect?event=video_description&v=IJtjJSHsm9c&redir_token=bziaNu4V0ntowEflSSK4ZDVp_Zd8MTUzNDg3NjUxMUAxNTM0NzkwMTEx&q=https%3A%2F%2Fmars.nasa.gov) .
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJtjJSHsm9chttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJtjJSHsm9c (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJtjJSHsm9c) (1:27)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 20.08.2018 21:47:48
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-insight-passes-halfway-to-mars-instruments-check-in
ЦитатаAug. 20, 2018

NASA's InSight Passes Halfway to Mars, Instruments Check In

NASA's InSight spacecraft, en route to a Nov. 26 landing on Mars, passed the halfway mark on Aug. 6. All of its instruments have been tested and are working well.

As of Aug. 20, the spacecraft had covered 172 million miles (277 million kilometers) since its launch 107 days ago. In another 98 days, it will travel another 129 million miles (208 million kilometers) and touch down in Mars' Elysium Planitia region, where it will be the first mission to study the Red Planet's deep interior. InSight stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpDDRIMGNxDTAORJVK2RS7I&time_continue=1&v=IJtjJSHsm9c (https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpDDRIMGNxDTAORJVK2RS7I&time_continue=1&v=IJtjJSHsm9c)(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpDDRIMGNxDTAORJVK2RS7I&time_continue=1&v=IJtjJSHsm9c) 1:27)
What's the latest news from Mars? A global dust storm is starting to settle, but still obscures the Martian surface; the Curiosity rover turns six and drills a new rock sample; the InSight lander is more than halfway to Mars and has tested its instruments and cameras.

The InSight team is using the time before the spacecraft's arrival at Mars to not only plan and practice for that critical day, but also to activate and check spacecraft subsystems vital to cruise, landing and surface operations, including the highly sensitive science instruments.

InSight's seismometer, which will be used to detect quakes on Mars, received a clean bill of health on July 19. The SEIS instrument (Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure) is a six-sensor seismometer combining two types of sensors to measure ground motions over a wide range of frequencies. It will give scientists a window into Mars' internal activity.

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/insighticcannotated.png?itok=q2fNoAIZ) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/insighticcannotated.png)
This long-exposure image (24 seconds) was taken by Instrument Context Camera (ICC) of NASA's InSight Mars lander. The image shows some of the interior features of the backshell that encapsulates the spacecraft. The backshell carries the parachute and several components used during later stages of entry, descent, and landing. Along with the heatshield, the backshell protects NASA's InSight Mars lander during its commute to and entry into the Martian atmosphere.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22647)


"We did our final performance checks on July 19, which were successful," said Bruce Banerdt, principal investigator of InSight from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

The team also checked an instrument that will measure the amount of heat escaping from Mars. After being placed on the surface, InSight's Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) instrument will use a self-hammering mechanical mole burrowing to a depth of 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 meters). Measurements by sensors on the mole and on a science tether from the mole to the surface will yield the first precise determination of the amount of heat escaping from the planet's interior. The checkout consisted of powering on the main electronics for the instrument, performing checks of its instrument sensor elements, exercising some of the instrument's internal heaters, and reading out the stored settings in the electronics module. 

The third of InSight's three main investigations -- Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment (RISE) -- uses the spacecraft's radio connection with Earth to assess perturbations of Mars' rotation axis. These measurements can provide information about the planet's core.

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/pia22547-16.jpg?itok=M2_5McVR) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22547-16.jpg)
This artist's concept shows the InSight spacecraft, encapsulated in its aeroshell, as it cruises to Mars.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22547)


"We have been using the spacecraft's radio since launch day, and our conversations with InSight have been very cordial, so we are good to go with RISE as well," said Banerdt.

The lander's cameras checked out fine as well, taking a spacecraft selfie of the inside of the spacecraft's backshell. InSight Project Manager Tom Hoffman from JPL said that, "If you are an engineer on InSight, that first glimpse of the heat shield blanket, harness tie-downs and cover bolts is a very reassuring sight as it tells us our Instrument Context Camera is operating perfectly. The next picture we plan to take with this camera will be of the surface of Mars."

If all goes as planned, the camera will take the first image of Elysium Planitia minutes after InSight touches down on Mars.

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/)) instrument.
2018-193

Last Updated: Aug. 20, 2018
Editor: Tony Greicius
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.09.2018 20:07:38
ЦитатаInside InSight - Swiss-Italian Scientist Studies Earthquakes and Marsquakes

NASA 360 (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC55MqAQLf6S5tSphpOi_1PA)

Опубликовано: 2 авг. 2018 г.

ETH Zurich professor Domenico Giardini spent his career studying earthquakes -- once NASA InSight lands, he will get to study marsquakes. An Italian living in Switzerland, Domenico works with NASA's international partners to provide electronics for the lander's seismometer. Landing in November 2018, NASA's InSight will probe beneath the surface of Mars, study the planet's interior and shed light on how rocky planets -- inside and outside our solar system -- form.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsHNgMZQ8P8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsHNgMZQ8P8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsHNgMZQ8P8) (1:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 02.09.2018 20:09:32
ЦитатаInside InSight - Ghanaian Engineer Works on Robotic Arms for Mars

NASA 360 (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC55MqAQLf6S5tSphpOi_1PA)

Опубликовано: 2 авг. 2018 г.

NASA-JPL InSight engineer Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu builds robotic components for planetary exploration, a dream that began as a young child in Ghana.

Landing in November 2018, NASA's InSight will probe beneath the surface of Mars, study the planet's interior and shed light on how rocky planets -- inside and outside our solar system -- form.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQLalCxXQLkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQLalCxXQLk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQLalCxXQLk) (1:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.09.2018 18:11:16
ЦитатаMars in a Minute: How Did Mars Get Such Enormous Mountains?

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 28 авг. 2018 г.

Why are the tallest peaks in the solar system found on one of its smallest worlds? Like any planet, how Mars looks outside is tied to what goes on inside. Dig into planetary formation in this 60-second video and by visiting mars.nasa.gov/insight .
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjY) (1:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 04.09.2018 18:28:36
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-insight-has-a-thermometer-for-mars
ЦитатаAug. 29, 2018

NASA's InSight Has a Thermometer for Mars

The Red Planet has some of the tallest mountains in the solar system. They include Olympus Mons, a volcano nearly three times the height of Everest. It borders a region called the Tharsis plateau, where three equally awe-inspiring volcanoes dominate the landscape.

But what geologic processes created these features on the Martian surface? Scientists have long wondered -- and may soon know more.

NASA and DLR (German Aerospace Center) plan to take the planet's temperature for the first time ever, measuring how heat flows out of the planet and drives this inspiring geology. Detecting this escaping heat will be a crucial part of a mission called InSight (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/) (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport), managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

InSight will be the first mission to study Mars' deep interior, using its Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/) instrument to measure heat as it is conducted fr om the interior to the planet's surface. This energy was in part captured when Mars formed more than 4 billion years ago, preserving a record of its creation. That energy is also due to the decay of radioactive elements in the rocky interior.

The way heat moves through a planet's mantle and crust determines what surface features it will have, said Sue Smrekar of JPL, the mission's deputy principal investigator and the deputy lead for HP3.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjY (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjY)
(video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cww3yVQpcjY) 1:00)
Ambitious climbers, forget Mt. Everest. Dream about Mars.

"Most of the planet's geology is a result of heat," Smrekar said. "Volcanic eruptions in the ancient past were driven by the flow of this heat, pushing up and constructing the towering mountains Mars is famous for."

A mole for Mars

While scientists have modeled the interior structure of Mars, InSight will provide the first opportunity to find ground truth -- by literally looking below the ground.

HP3, built and operated by DLR, will be placed on the Martian surface after InSight lands on Nov. 26, 2018. A probe called a mole will pummel the ground, burying itself and dragging a tether behind it. Temperature sensors embedded in this tether will measure the natural internal heat of Mars.

That's no easy task. The mole has to burrow deep enough to escape the wide temperature swings of the Martian surface. Even the spacecraft's own "body heat" could affect HP3's super-sensitive readings.

"If the mole gets stuck higher up than expected, we can still measure the temperature variation," said HP3 investigation lead Tilman Spohn of DLR. "Our data will have more noise, but we can subtract out daily and seasonal weather variations by comparing it with ground-temperature measurements."

In addition to burrowing, the mole will give off heat pulses. Scientists will study how quickly the mole warms the surrounding rock, allowing them to figure out how well heat is conducted by the rock grains at the landing site. Densely packed grains conduct heat better -- an important piece of the equation for determining Mars' internal energy.

Cooking up a new planet

For an example of planetary heat flow, imagine a pot of water on a stove.

As water heats, it expands, becomes less dense, and rises. The cooler, denser water sinks to the bottom, wh ere it heats up. This cycling of cool to hot is called convection. The same thing happens inside a planet, churning rock over millions of years.

Just as expanding bubbles can push off a pot lid, volcanoes are lids being blown off the top of a world. They shape a planet's surface in the process. Most of the atmosphere on rocky planets forms as volcanoes expel gas from deep below. Some of Mars' biggest dry river beds are believed to have formed when the Tharsis volcanoes spewed gas into the atmosphere. That gas contained water vapor, which cooled into liquid and may have formed the channels surrounding Tharsis.

The smaller the planet, the faster it loses its original heat. Since Mars is only one-third the size of Earth, most of its heat was lost early in its history. Most Martian geologic activity, including volcanism, occurred in the planet's first billion years.

"We want to know what drove the early volcanism and climate change on Mars," Spohn said. "How much heat did Mars start with? How much was left to drive its volcanism?"

NASA's orbiters have given scientists a "macro" view of the planet, allowing them to study Martian geology from above. HP3 will offer a first look at the inside of Mars.

"Planets are kind of like an engine, driven by heat that moves their internal parts around," Smrekar said. "With HP3, we'll be lifting the hood on Mars' engine for the first time."

What scientists learn during the InSight mission won't just apply to Mars. It will teach them how all rocky planets formed -- including Earth, its Moon and even planets in other solar systems.
...
JPL, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver.

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
2018-205

Last Updated: Aug. 30, 2018
Editor: Tony Greicius
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 14.09.2018 14:51:07
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/2018/marco-makes-space-for-small-explorers
ЦитатаSEPTEMBER 13, 2018
MarCO Makes Space for Small Explorers

(https://mars.nasa.gov//imgs/2018/03/PIA223171-full2.jpg) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/2018/marco-being-tested-in-sunlight)
(https://mars.nasa.gov/images/mep/moreinfo50.png) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/2018/marco-being-tested-in-sunlight)
MARCO BEING TESTED IN SUNLIGHT
Engineer Joel Steinkraus uses sunlight to test the solar arrays on one of the Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


Twenty years ago, CubeSats -- a class of boxy satellites small enough to fit in a backpack -- were used by universities as a teaching aid. Simpler, smaller and cheaper than traditional satellites, they've made space more accessible to private companies and science agencies.

This summer, NASA has been flying the first two next-generation CubeSats to deep space. They're currently on their way to Mars, trailing thousands of miles behind the InSight (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/) spacecraft. InSight and its CubeSat tag-alongs are already more than halfway to the Red Planet.

The mini-mission, called Mars Cube One (MarCO), has already proved this class of spacecraft can survive the deep-space environment. It will next test the use of miniaturized communication technology to relay data when InSight attempts to land in November. Relaying landing data is one of the jobs of NASA's orbiters, which will record InSight's descent; engineers learn more from every landing attempt. MarCO will test whether this technology can ably perform the relay job for future missions.
(https://mars.nasa.gov//images/mepjpl/PIA22548_2_web.jpg) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/?ImageID=%209617)
(https://mars.nasa.gov/images/mep/moreinfo50.png) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/images/?ImageID=%209617)
MARS CUBE ONE IN DETAIL
Illustration of one of the twin MarCO spacecraft with some key components labeled. Front cover is left out to show some internal components. Antennas and solar arrays are in deployed configuration. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


To complete their mission, the MarCOs have miniature high-gain antennas and radios that can communicate with Earth from roughly 93 million miles away. Their propulsion systems are capable of steering towards Mars; each MarCO completed its second steering maneuver in August. They even have color cameras, one of which snapped the first image (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/news/8338/a-pale-blue-dot-as-seen-by-a-cubesat) of Earth and the Moon -- proof of just how far this technology has literally come.

MarCO is still experimental. It's meant to demonstrate that spacecraft technology can be shrunk into a tiny package and still do something useful in deep space. And while CubeSats will never compete with the larger and more complex spacecraft NASA usually flies, the MarCO spacecraft are pioneering a new class of robotic exploration.

"Our hope is that MarCO could help democratize deep space," said Jakob Van Zyl, director of the Solar System Exploration Directorate at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "The technology is cheap enough that you could envision countries entering space that weren't players in the past. Even universities could do this."

A Legacy of Pathfinders

JPL initiated and built MarCO, just one of several CubeSat projects (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/) the Lab has developed. JPL is a natural place to host CubeSats: The Lab built the first U.S. satellite, Explorer 1 (https://explorer1.jpl.nasa.gov/), which discovered the Van Allen radiation belts in 1958. Not unlike a CubeSat, it was a small, rudimentary spacecraft. The history of the U.S. space program followed in its wake.

JPL later built a Mars mini-rover called Sojourner that took baby steps in 1997 and proved to be a trial run for NASA's Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity rovers.

Innovation often begins with pathfinder technology, Van Zyl said. Once engineers prove something can be done, science missions follow.

"When it comes to innovation, MarCO is in the same class as Explorer 1 and Sojourner," Van Zyl said. "The question is: Can we use CubeSats to do more science? Not all science, because they're too limited to carry many instruments. But this technology creates a vehicle for people to do science at a much lower investment to the taxpayer."

NASA has already committed to answering the question. Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the agency's Science Mission Directorate, is a proponent of CubeSats; last month, he announced NASA will be funding $100 million worth of SmallSat science missions each year.

Preparing for Future CubeSats

MarCO has already laid the groundwork for future exploration with small spacecraft.

"Almost all the features of MarCO are being adapted for use on future spacecraft," said John Baker, the program manager responsible for small spacecraft at JPL. "And many parts started with a commercial partner's product that was modified."

The role of MarCO's commercial partners can't be understated. Its solar panels, cameras, avionics, propulsion systems and attitude control systems were all provided by commercial contractors. One advantage of CubeSats is they can use standardized parts and systems, allowing private companies to lower the price of new technology. Lower-cost spacecraft also mean engineers can take more design risks, testing that technology in space.

Van Zyl said that MarCO's main goal was to prove CubeSats can survive the harsh journey to another planet. MarCO's team can check that box off their list.

They're already focused on their next goal: Mars is just a few months and 68 million miles (110 million kilometers) away.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.09.2018 20:05:31
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000610325189/e06825403c7dbc5249c50c38b62f80a2_bigger.jpeg)NASAInSight‏ @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 21 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1045410129867198465)

I'm 60 days from landing on #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! To ensure my successful Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL), my team begins intensive preparations during the "approach" phase. This happens to be the phase I'm entering right now (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f680.png)
More: http://go.nasa.gov/2DEAjOl  (https://t.co/VN0RnUQxZo)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DoIK3vOUcAA_35E.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Pirat5 от 12.10.2018 08:49:39
Сегодня ожидается манёвр TCM 3
ЦитатаOct. 12, 2018    45 days before landing
To make sure InSight travels at the right speed and direction to arrive at correct location at the top of the Martian atmosphere before its planned landing.
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/timeline/cruise/
 
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.10.2018 02:00:36
ЦитатаCrazy Engineering: Space Claw on NASA's InSight Mars Lander

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 16 окт. 2018 г.

When NASA's InSight lands on Mars, it will be the first mission on another planet to use a robotic arm to grasp instruments and place them on the surface. While it may look like an arcade machine, this space claw is designed to come away with a prize every time.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1ZlVGpyHXchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1ZlVGpyHXc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1ZlVGpyHXc) (2:58 )
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.10.2018 22:14:34
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/nasas-first-image-of-mars-from-a-cubesat
ЦитатаOct. 22, 2018

NASA's First Image of Mars from a CubeSat

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width_feature/public/thumbnails/image/pia22742-16_0.jpg) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22742-16_0.jpg)

NASA's MarCO mission was designed to find out if briefcase-sized spacecraft called CubeSats could survive the journey (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7235) to deep space. Now, MarCO - which stands for Mars Cube One - has Mars in sight.

One of the twin MarCO CubeSats snapped this image of Mars on Oct. 3 - the first image of the Red Planet ever produced by this class of tiny, low-cost spacecraft. The two CubeSats are officially called MarCO-A and MarCO-B but nicknamed "EVE" and "Wall-E" by their engineering team.

A wide-angle camera on top of MarCO-B produced the image as a test of exposure settings. The MarCO mission, led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, hopes to produce more images as the CubeSats approach Mars ahead of Nov. 26. That's when they'll demonstrate their communications capabilities while NASA's InSight spacecraft attempts to land on the Red Planet. (The InSight mission won't rely on them, however; NASA's Mars orbiters will be relaying the spacecraft's data back to Earth.)

This image was taken from a distance of roughly 8 million miles (12.8 million kilometers) from Mars. The MarCOs are "chasing" Mars, which is a moving target as it orbits the Sun. In order to be in place for InSight's landing, the CubeSats have to travel roughly 53 million miles (85 million kilometers). They have already traveled 248 million miles (399 million kilometers).
(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/pia22742_annotated-16_0.jpg?itok=65lP41bL) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22742_annotated-16_0.jpg)
One of NASA's twin MarCO spacecraft took this image of Mars on October 2 -- the first time a CubeSat, a kind of low-cost, briefcase-sized spacecraft -- has done so.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech


MarCO-B's wide-angle camera looks straight out from the deck of the CubeSat. Parts related to the spacecraft's high-gain antenna are visible on either side of the image. Mars appears as a small red dot at the right of the image.

To take the image, the MarCO team had to program the CubeSat to rotate in space so that the deck of its boxy "body" was pointing at Mars. After several test images, they were excited to see that clear, red pinprick.

"We've been waiting six months to get to Mars," said Cody Colley, MarCO's mission manager at JPL. "The cruise phase of the mission is always difficult, so you take all the small wins when they come. Finally seeing the planet is definitely a big win for the team."
Last Updated: Oct. 22, 2018
Editor: Jon Nelson
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 23.10.2018 12:36:27
ЦитатаПервые "межпланетные" наноспутники НАСА получили фотографии Марса
11:38 23.10.2018

(https://cdn1.img.ria.ru/images/153125/55/1531255527.jpg) (https://cdn1.img.ria.ru/images/153125/55/1531255517.jpg)
© NASA / JPL-Caltech (http://www.nasa.gov/)

МОСКВА, 23 окт - РИА Новости. Пара марсианских зондов MarCO, запущенная в космос вместе с посадочным модулем InSight, успешно вышла из "спячки" и стала первыми наноспутниками, получившими фотографии другой планеты, сообщает (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2018-243) Лаборатория реактивного движения НАСА.

"У нас ушло примерно шесть месяцев на то, чтобы добраться до Марса. Эта фаза миссии всегда была достаточно сложной для марсианских зондов, и поэтому даже маленькие успехи становятся для нас триумфами. Поэтому то, что мы наконец-то увидели Марс, стало большой победой для нас", -- заявил Коди Колли (Cody Colley), руководитель миссии в Лаборатории реактивного движения НАСА.

Два миниатюрных спутника системы CubeSat, которые специалисты НАСА окрестили Mars Cube One (MarCO), были запущены в межпланетное пространство в начале мая на борту той же самой ракеты Atlas V, которая вывела автоматическую станцию InSight на курс к Марсу.

Эти наноспутники были созданы НАСА для решения одной простой, но очень интересной задачи - они помогут инженерам космического агентства поддерживать связь InSight с Землей во время посадки на Марс и позволят зрителям увидеть этот процесс в "прямом эфире".

Наноспутники путешествуют к красной планете по своей собственной траектории, что позволит им прибыть к Марсу до посадки InSight на поверхность планеты. Если этот эксперимент закончится удачно, то НАСА может перейти к использованию подобных систем связи для всех последующих планетарных миссий.

Запуск MarCO в НАСА расценивали как осознанный риск - в прошлом никто не пытался отправить микроспутники за пределы орбиты Земли, и не готовил их для межпланетных экспедиций.

Пока эти опасения не оправдываются -- MarCO успешно развернули свои антенны и проверили все инструменты, необходимые для "съемок" посадки InSight на поверхность Марса, еще в мае, а сейчас они вплотную сблизились с красной планетой.

В ближайшие несколько дней оба наноспутника включат двигатели и проведут серию маневров, которые выведут их на финальный курс сближения с Марсом. В это же время пилоты миссии получат новые фотографии планеты с более близкого расстояния, и начнут готовиться к организации "прямого включения" с Марса в момент посадки InSight, что произойдет 26 ноября этого года.


РИА Новости https://ria.ru/science/20181023/1531256800.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: кукушка от 23.10.2018 13:11:22
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1atnT2aT4NI&t=0s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1atnT2aT4NI&t=0s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1atnT2aT4NI&t=0s)
Миссия НАСА к Марсианскому ядру | Перевод
Краткое, но яркое описание миссии InSight, и инструментов, которые помогут узнать больше о ядре Марса.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: hlynin от 04.11.2018 15:55:46
-- НАСА, Mars InSight посадка пресс-кит (NASA, Mars InSight Landing Press Kit) (на англ.) (http://epizodyspace.ru/bibl/inostr-yazyki/nasa/2018/mars_insight_landing_presskit.pdf) November 2018 в pdf - 12,6 Мб
«Следующая миссия НАСА на Марс - InSight - ожидает высадиться на Красной планете 26 ноября 2018 года. (...) В 2008 году Лаборатория реактивного движения НАСА успешно посадила космический лэндер «Феникс» около Северного полюса Марса. InSight базируется на космическом КА Phoenix, оба из которых были построены Lockheed Martin Space. Несмотря на изменения теплового щита и парашюта, общий дизайн посадки по-прежнему очень похож: после отделения от полётного аппарата СА спускается через атмосферу. Парашют и РД замедляют падение космического корабля, а стойки поглощают некоторый удар при приземлении. (...) Инженеры InSight построили жесткий космический аппарат, способный безопасно приземлиться в пыльном буре, если это необходимо. Тепловой щит космического корабля разработан достаточно толстым, чтобы противостоять «пескоструйной обработке» взвешенной пылью. У него также есть парашют, который был испытан, он надёжнее, чем у Phoenix, в случае, если он сталкивается с большим сопротивлением воздуха из-за ожидаемых атмосферных условий пыльной бури. Последовательность ввода, спуска и посадки также имеет определенную гибкость при переменчивой погоде. Команда миссии будет получать ежедневный прогноз погоды с орбитального аппарата NASA «Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter» за несколько дней до посадки, чтобы они могли приспосабливаться при развертывании парашюта InSight и еще он использует радар, чтобы найти поверхность Марса». - Пресс-кит дает обзор космического аппарата, миссии, научные цели и эксперименты. Приложение объясняет «Mars Cube One Tech Demo».

Скачал с

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/landing/download/mars_insight_landing_presskit.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 04.11.2018 22:47:39
Эх, давно хотел увидеть как выглядит вблизи Исида. Но есть традиция - марсианские аппараты при посадке погибают один из трёх. :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 05.11.2018 00:07:24
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Эх, давно хотел увидеть как выглядит вблизи Исида. Но есть традиция - марсианские аппараты при посадке погибают один из трёх.  :(
В американцев после Mars Polar lander все вроди было гуд.
Я чесно говоря больше за MSL беспокоился
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 05.11.2018 10:08:27
Цитатаsmokan пишет: 
Я чесно говоря больше за MSL беспокоился
Я тоже. Мне эта затея с краном казалась какойто подозрительной.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 05.11.2018 10:24:47
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Эх, давно хотел увидеть как выглядит вблизи Исида. Но есть традиция - марсианские аппараты при посадке погибают один из трёх.  :(
На данной платформе -  "ящик на ножках с ушами" сделано три марсианских посадочных модуля. Навернулся первый - Mars Polar Lander.
Так что не сцать, один из трёх уже погиб :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 05.11.2018 13:05:39
Если они добурят до льда, то определить это смогут только по косвенным признакам - по сопротивлению движению зонда и по распространению тепла около него. Надеюсь они достаточно хорошо научились определять лед при наземных испытаниях, иначе миссия становится совсем неинтересной...

Хотя при мощности прибора 2 ватт вряд ли они вообще смогут глубоко пробурить. Ставлю 100 баксов, что дойдут до глубины не более метра  :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest от 05.11.2018 18:27:54
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
Если они добурят до льда, то определить это смогут только по косвенным признакам - по сопротивлению движению зонда и по распространению тепла около него. Надеюсь они достаточно хорошо научились определять лед при наземных испытаниях, иначе миссия становится совсем неинтересной...

Хотя при мощности прибора 2 ватт вряд ли они вообще смогут глубоко пробурить. Ставлю 100 баксов, что дойдут до глубины не более метра  :)  
Геофизика должна опираться на базу в виде прямых наблюдений. Без этой базы всё будет на уровне спекуяций. И давайте не будем вдавливание спицы называть бурением.

Так что давайте ждать 2021 года и молиться, чтобы НПОЛ не накосячил.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 05.11.2018 21:05:41
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
Если они добурят до льда, то определить это смогут только по косвенным признакам - по сопротивлению движению зонда и по распространению тепла около него. Надеюсь они достаточно хорошо научились определять лед при наземных испытаниях, иначе миссия становится совсем неинтересной...

Хотя при мощности прибора 2 ватт вряд ли они вообще смогут глубоко пробурить. Ставлю 100 баксов, что дойдут до глубины не более метра  :)
Достать до льда вроди была задача Феникса, done.
В Инсайта другая как бы задача.

Думаю дотянут глубоко, только бы не напоротся на камень который своей плоскостю будет перпендекулярен к "зубилу", если наклон плоскости камня будет 45 градусов, то говорят что зубило проскользит по нем и пойдет дальше
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 05.11.2018 21:49:07
Цитатаsmokan пишет: 
Достать до льда вроди была задача Феникса, done.
В Инсайта другая как бы задача.
Вот именно что "как бы"  :)

Официально - да, изучение потоков тепла из недр и бла-бла-бла. Но кому это интересно? Всем интересен именно лед. Просто об этом не говорят, чтобы не порождать ажиотаж и надежды, которые с большой долей вероятности не оправдаются.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 05.11.2018 21:55:06
Цитатаtestest пишет: 
И давайте не будем вдавливание спицы называть бурением.
Есть разные виды бурения, в том числе и ударное бурение. Выбранный способ по-моему вполне подходит под это определение. Подробно механизм описан в этом документе (http://esmats.eu/amspapers/pastpapers/pdfs/2016/grygorczuk2.pdf). Там довольно сложная система, я в ней пока не очень разобрался. Но совершенно точно это не "вдавливание спицы"  :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest от 05.11.2018 22:43:21
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
Цитатаtestest пишет:
И давайте не будем вдавливание спицы называть бурением.
Есть разные виды бурения, в том числе и ударное бурение. Выбранный способ по-моему вполне подходит под это определение. Подробно механизм описан в этом документе (http://esmats.eu/amspapers/pastpapers/pdfs/2016/grygorczuk2.pdf) . Там довольно сложная система, я в ней пока не очень разобрался. Но совершенно точно это не "вдавливание спицы"  :)  
Нет, бурение, вне зависимости от способа, подразумевает создание скважины.

А между вдавливанием и забиванием принципиальной разницы нет.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 05.11.2018 23:41:34
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
Цитатаsmokan пишет:
Достать до льда вроди была задача Феникса, done.
В Инсайта другая как бы задача.
Вот именно что "как бы"  :)  

Официально - да, изучение потоков тепла из недр и бла-бла-бла. Но кому это интересно? Всем интересен именно лед. Просто об этом не говорят, чтобы не порождать ажиотаж и надежды, которые с большой долей вероятности не оправдаются.
Хорошо. Но зачем тогда вся эта конспирация, тем более лед уже нашли? Разве тяжело было объявить что инструмент HP3 ко всему еще и будет искать лед по поверхностю, и поставить какой то датчик для оприделения H2O?
И вообще если HP3 для поиска льда, зачем тогда его углублять аж на 5 метров?

Кому интересно вымерять тепловые потоки и температуру?
Марс холодный, если померять температуру на глубине 2м. и 5 метров., можно понять какая она будет на глубине 20 и 50 метров. При температуре +5 больше шансов найти жизнь, тем более есть подтверждения с присутствеем метана на планете. Да и некоторые ученые говорят о человеческой марсианской базе где то в пещерах Марса, под защитой от солнечной радиации и пещаных бурь. Вот поэтому и думаю интересно запустить первую мисию которая хотя бы просто углубится в грунт Марса и измеряет температуру. ИМХО
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 06.11.2018 00:03:51
Цитатаsmokan пишет:
Разве тяжело было объявить что инструмент HP3 ко всему еще и будет искать лед по поверхностю, и поставить какой то датчик для оприделения H2O?
Поставить датчик тяжело. Они не смогли уверенно определить лед даже на Фениксе, который буквально стоял на этом самом льду  :)  Загружали ковшом грунт в анализатор и искали следы паров воды. На Инсайте никакого анализатора нет.

Цитатаsmokan пишет:
И вообще если HP3 для поиска льда, зачем тогда его углублять аж на 5 метров?
Чем южнее, тем сложнее добраться до льда. А Инсайт садится почти на экваторе, 4,5 гр. N.
Но зато если там окажется лед (что маловероятно конечно, но не исключено), то какой это будет подарок Маску! Вода около экватора - это ли не счастье?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: V.B. от 06.11.2018 00:07:48
Цитатаtestest пишет:
Нет, бурение, вне зависимости от способа, подразумевает создание скважины.

А между вдавливанием и забиванием принципиальной разницы нет.
Дык там и получается скважина, только из нее не извлечена разрушенная порода.
А пенетратор ("крот") лезет в глубину сам, его никто не вдавливает и не забивает.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.11.2018 01:30:46
ЦитатаNASA Hosts Briefing on November Mars InSight Landing

NASA Video (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_aP7p621ATY_yAa8jMqUVA)

Опубликовано: 31 окт. 2018 г.

NASA's upcoming landing of InSight, the first-ever mission to study the heart of Mars, was the topic of a media briefing on Oct. 31 at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

The InSight Mars Lander (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) will land on the Red Planet at approximately 3 p.m. EST (noon PST) Monday, Nov. 26. InSight will study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all celestial bodies with rocky surfaces, including Earth and the Moon, formed. The lander's instruments include a seismometer to detect marsquakes and a probe to monitor the flow of heat in the planet's subsurface.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wn9ZXjU0schttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wn9ZXjU0sc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wn9ZXjU0sc) (51:40)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.11.2018 01:56:30
ЦитатаInSight Landing on Mars

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 31 окт. 2018 г.

When NASA's InSight descends to the Red Planet on Nov. 26, 2018, it is guaranteed to be a white-knuckle event. Rob Manning, chief engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, explains the critical steps that must happen in perfect sequence to get the robotic lander safely to the surface.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDSbUpmRksIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDSbUpmRksI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDSbUpmRksI) (3:15)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 12.11.2018 19:19:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/887722406483181568/oW78EKXI_bigger.jpg)Emily Lakdawalla‏ @elakdawalla (https://twitter.com/elakdawalla) 5 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/elakdawalla/status/1062014004321673216)

What to Expect When InSight Lands on Mars: http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2018/mars-insight-landing-preview.html ... (https://t.co/JfaDgGHrBJ) I've got ALL the details for you. Follow along Monday, November 26!

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dr0IF2cU4BAs3Yo.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: кукушка от 15.11.2018 17:58:57
NASA будет транслировать приземление нового посадочного модуля на Марс (https://hi-news.ru/space/nasa-budet-translirovat-prizemlenie-novogo-posadochnogo-modulya-na-mars.html)

NASA уже отправило на Красную планету ряд высокотехнологичных роботов, но мы обычно узнаем только о самом факте посадке, минуя этапы входа в атмосферу. Это изменится, когда посадочный модуль InSight, который должен коснуться поверхности Марса 26 ноября, войдет в атмосферу, потому что NASA собирается транслировать это событие для всего мира. Нет, сам посадочный модуль не будет отправлять видео того, как он мчится к поверхности Марса, но у космического агентства будут интересные живые комментарии и видеоматериалы из Лаборатории реактивного движения, поэтому мы сможем увидеть, как ученые и инженеры делают свою работу в реальном времени.

В новом сообщении в своем блоге JPL рассказывает, что планирует вести две живых трансляции параллельно. Одна из них будет транслироваться на публичном канале NASA TV и будет включать комментарии экспертов, объясняющих, что происходит, и подробные обновления. Вторая будет представлять собой «бесперебойны, чистым потоком изнутри ЦУП JPL, только звук», то есть вы сможете услышать, о чем говорят инженеры и диспетчеры.

Запущенный 5 мая зонд InSight знаменует первый полет на Марс со времен марсохода «Кьюриосити» в 2012 году. Эта посадка начнет двухлетнюю миссию, в которой InSight станет первым космическим аппаратом, изучающим недра Марса. Его данные также помогут ученым понять, как формируются все твердые миры, включая наш собственный.

InSight сопровождается на Марс двумя миниатюрными космическими аппаратами NASA, которые называются Mars Cube One (MarCO), первой миссией в глубокий космос для CubeSats. Если MarCO совершит запланированный облет Марса, он попытается передать данные из InSight, когда войдет в атмосферу планеты и приземлится.

Если все пойдет по плану, InSight предоставит данные о Марсе, о которых ученые сейчас могут только мечтать. Узнать, как работают внутренние органы планеты, будет невероятно интересно. Мы определенно будем следить за всеми интересными открытиями, которые последуют за дни и месяцы после приземления космического аппарата.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.11.2018 18:20:05
https://mars.nasa.gov/news/8384/nasa-brings-mars-landing-to-viewers-everywhere/?site=insight
ЦитатаNovember 13, 2018

NASA Brings Mars Landing to Viewers Everywhere

(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/news_items/main_images/8384_PIA22810_web.jpg)
This illustration shows a simulated view of NASA's InSight lander firing retrorockets to slow down as it descends toward the surface of Mars. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Full image and caption. (https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22099)

NASA's Mars Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight)) lander is scheduled to touch down on the Red Planet at approximately noon PST (3 p.m. EST) on Nov. 26, and viewers everywhere can watch coverage of the event live on NASA Television, the agency's website (https://www.nasa.gov/live) and social media platforms.

Launched on May 5, InSight marks NASA's first Mars landing since the Curiosity rover in 2012. The landing will kick off a two-year mission in which InSight will become the first spacecraft to study Mars' deep interior. Its data also will help scientists understand the formation of all rocky worlds, including our own.

InSight is being followed to Mars by two miniature NASA spacecraft, jointly called Mars Cube One (MarCO (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php)), the first deep-space mission for CubeSats. If MarCO makes its planned Mars flyby, it will attempt to relay data from InSight as it enters the planet's atmosphere and lands.

InSight and MarCO flight controllers will monitor the spacecraft's entry, descent and landing from Mission Control at JPL.

Broadcast Schedule

All NASA TV news conferences will be available on the agency's website at www.nasa.gov/live (http://www.nasa.gov/live). Briefing times and speakers are subject to change. The public may ask questions on social media during the events by tagging them with #askNASA.

Wednesday, Nov. 21
    [/li]
  • 10 a.m. PST (1 p.m. EST) - News conference: Mission engineering overview
  • 11 a.m. PST (2 p.m. EST) - News conference: Mission science overview
Sunday, Nov. 25
    [/li]
  • 10 a.m. PST (1 p.m. EST) - News conference: Final pre-landing update
  • 1 p.m. PST (4 p.m. EST) - NASA Social: InSight team Q&A
Monday, Nov. 26: Landing Day
    [/li]
  • 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. PST (2 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. EST) - Live landing commentary on the NASA TV Public Channel and online. In addition, an uninterrupted, clean feed of cameras from inside JPL mission control, with mission audio only, will be available at the same time on the NASA TV Media Channel, at www.nasa.gov/ntv (http://www.nasa.gov/ntv) and at https://www.youtube.com/user/JPLraw/live.
  • About 12 noon PST (3 p.m. EST) - Expected time of InSight touchdown on Mars
  • No earlier than 2 p.m. PST (5 p.m. EST) - Post-landing news conference
To watch news conferences and commentary online, you can also visit: http://www.youtube.com/nasajpl/live

A complete list of ways to watch online can be found at: https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/timeline/landing/watch-online/
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 15.11.2018 18:29:14
Опубликован пресс-кит посадки зонда на Марс

mars_insight_landing_presskit.pdf (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/insight/landing/download/mars_insight_landing_presskit.pdf) - 13.0 MB, 68 стр, 2018-11-14 21:54:05 UTC

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89869)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/89870)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.11.2018 10:31:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 21:43 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1063306594467946496) - 15 нояб. 2018 г.

The Mars Insight, MARCO-A, and MARCO-B space probes, in a 1.01 x 1.43 AU x 2.2 deg solar orbit, are now under one week away from entering Mars' gravitational sphere of influence.


22:31 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1063318690865823744) - 15 нояб. 2018 г.

After the encounter, MARCO-A and MARCO-B will be in 1.14 x 1.60 AU x 1.4 deg and 1.13 x 1.56 AU x 1.4 deg solar orbits.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 16.11.2018 10:35:47
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 21:58 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1063310209098178560) - 15 нояб. 2018 г.

The current trajectories on Horizons suggest that MARCO-A and MARCO-B will have periares heights of 1626 and 2076 km respectively. Periares will occur about 3 min before Insight's touchdown.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.11.2018 16:07:53
Цитата[InSight] Le sismomètre français SEIS

CNES (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOixknKUV8AaCA5uaaBY0Bw)

Опубликовано: 16 нояб. 2018 г.

SEIS (Seismic Experiment for Interior Structures) est l'instrument principal de la mission américaine InSight. Mis au point par le CNES, il doit mesurer l'activité sismique encore inconnue de la planète Mars. Explications.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XT0cgKwhoREhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XT0cgKwhoRE (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XT0cgKwhoRE) (2:08)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 17.11.2018 16:34:24
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/how-nasa-will-know-when-insight-touches-down
ЦитатаNov. 16, 2018

How NASA Will Know When InSight Touches Down

(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/news_items/main_images/8385_insight-comms-1041b.gif)
This image depicts the MarCO CubeSats relaying data from NASA's InSight lander as it enters the Martian atmosphere.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and animation (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22738)


What's the sound of a touchdown on Mars?

If you're at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, it sounds like winning the Super Bowl: cheers, laughter and lots of hollering.

But in the minutes before that, NASA's InSight team will be monitoring the Mars lander's radio signals using a variety of spacecraft -- and even radio telescopes here on Earth -- to suss out what's happening 91 million miles (146 million km) away.

Because these signals are captured by several spacecraft, they're relayed to Earth in different ways and at different times. That means the mission team may know right away when InSight touches down, or they may have to wait up to several hours.

Here's how NASA will be listening for the next Mars landing on Nov. 26.

Radio Telescopes
As the InSight lander descends into Mars' atmosphere, it will broadcast simple radio signals called "tones" back to Earth. Engineers will be tuning in from two locations: the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia and the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy's facility at Effelsberg, Germany. Their results will be relayed to Mission Control at JPL and engineers at Lockheed Martin Space in Denver.

These tones don't reveal much information, but radio engineers can interpret them to track key events during InSight's entry, descent and landing (EDL). For example, when InSight deploys its parachute, a shift in velocity changes the frequency of the signal. This is caused by what's called the Doppler effect, which is the same thing that occurs when you hear a siren change in pitch as an ambulance goes by. Looking for signals like these will allow the team to know how InSight's EDL is progressing.
Mars Cube One (MarCO)

Two briefcase-sized spacecraft are flying behind InSight and will attempt to relay its signals to Earth. Belonging to a class of spacecraft called CubeSats, the MarCOs are being tested as a way for future missions to send home data during EDL.

The MarCOs are experimental technology. But if they work as they should, the pair will transmit the whole story of EDL as it's unfolding. That might include an image from InSight of the Martian surface right after the lander touches down.

InSight

After it touches down, InSight will essentially yell, "I made it!" Seven minutes later, the spacecraft says it again -- but a little louder and clearer.

The first time, it will communicate with a tone beacon that the radio telescopes will try to detect. The second time, it will send a "beep" from its more powerful X-band antenna, which should now be pointed at Earth. This beep includes slightly more information and is only heard if the spacecraft is in a healthy, functioning state. If NASA's Deep Space Network picks up this beep, it's a good sign that InSight survived landing. Engineers will need to wait until early evening to find out if the lander successfully deployed its solar arrays.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)
Besides the MarCO CubeSats, NASA's MRO will be soaring over Mars, recording InSight's data during descent.

MRO will hold on to the data it records during EDL as it disappears over the Martian horizon. When it comes back around from the other side, it will play back that data for engineers to study. By 3 p.m. PST (6 p.m. EST), they should be able to piece together MRO's recording of the landing.

MRO's recording is similar to an airplane's black box, which means that it could also prove important if InSight doesn't successfully touch down.
2001 Mars Odyssey
NASA's longest-lived spacecraft at Mars will also relay data after InSight has touched down. Odyssey will relay the entire history of InSight's descent to Mars, as well as a couple images. It will also relay confirmation that InSight's solar arrays, which are vital to the spacecraft's survival, fully deployed. Engineers will have this data just before 5:30 p.m. PST (8:30 p.m. EST).

Odyssey will also serve as a data relay for InSight during surface operations, along with MRO, NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission (MAVEN) and the European Space Agency's Trace Gas Orbiter.
About InSight
JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center (CBK) of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain's Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) supplied the wind sensors.
For more information about InSight, visit:
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/
Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
2018-264

Last Updated: Nov. 16, 2018
Editor: Tony Greicius
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: testest от 19.11.2018 09:13:40
ЦитатаV.B. пишет:
Цитатаtestest пишет:
Нет, бурение, вне зависимости от способа, подразумевает создание скважины.

А между вдавливанием и забиванием принципиальной разницы нет.
Дык там и получается скважина, только из нее не извлечена разрушенная порода.
Да нет конечно же. Это либо умная свая, либо зонд под поверхностью. Как ни крути, в результате операции получается не скважина, а значит, эта операция бурением не является.
ЦитатаА пенетратор ("крот" [Шутливо] лезет в глубину сам, его никто не вдавливает и не забивает.
hammering mechanism - это что? Кротовьи зубы?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: кукушка от 21.11.2018 15:37:48
«Семь минут ужаса»: как будет проходить посадка модуля InSight на Марс (https://hi-news.ru/technology/sem-minut-uzhasa-kak-budet-proxodit-posadka-modulya-insight-na-mars.html)


Последний раз аэрокосмическое агентство NASA проводило высадку космического аппарата на поверхность Марса шесть лет назад. Это был марсоход «Кьюриосити (http://hi-news.ru/tag/kyuriositi/)». Однако на следующей неделе, 26 ноября в атмосферу планеты войдет новый космический аппарат InSight, который предпримет попытку посадки в марсианском регионе Элизиум, что севернее того места, где был высажен ровер «Кьюриосити». В отличии от других миссии, в рамках которых посадочные модули и марсоходы обычно занимались изучением поверхностных геологических особенностей Красной планеты, InSight станет первой миссией по изучению внутренних особенностей строения Марса.

NASA, конечно же, очень заинтересовано в исследовании поверхности Красной планеты, но не меньший интерес для агентства вызывают «внутренности» планеты. Например, ученые не знают из чего состоит ядро Марса, насколько оно большое и сохранила ли планета свою геологическую активность. Для решения этих вопросов необходимо заглянуть внутрь. Именно этим и займется посадочный модуль миссии InSight. Но сперва ему придется пережить «7 минут ужаса». Именно столько времени потребуется модулю для входа в марсианскую атмосферу, спуск и собственно саму посадку на поверхность.
Цитата«Мы очень этого ждем. Нет ничего удивительнее посадки на Марс. Мы полностью готовы к этому событию. По крайней мере, настолько, насколько это возможно», -- комментирует руководитель миссии InSight Том Хоффман.
Перед тем как модуль приступит ко входу в атмосферу, снижению и посадке команда миссии собирается еще раз пересмотреть все возможные варианты развития событий.
Подготовка и посадка
Примерно за 24 часа до начала процесса посадки команда Лаборатории реактивного движения NASA (JPL) проведет последние коррекционные маневры аппарата. Чтобы снижение прошло гладко космический аппарат должен войти в атмосферу Марса под точно рассчитанным углом. Если угол окажется слишком крутым, аппарат испарится при входе атмосферу еще быстрее, чем вы скажете «о, нет!». Если угол будет недостаточным, модуль просто отскочит от атмосферы обратно в космос.
За несколько дней до самой посадки Сеть дальней космической связи NASA будет отслеживать передвижение аппарата с помощью данных о доплеровском смещении. Данный этап будет последней возможностью для расчета правильной траектории входа аппарата в атмосферу.
Финальный отчет перед посадкой начнется в 9 утра по тихоокеанскому или 8 часов вечера по московскому времени 26 ноября. Через три часа с этого момента аппарат должен будет сесть на поверхность Марса. Большие антенны Сети дальней космической связи NASA в тандеме начнут слежение за аппаратом. С помощью анализа задержки сигналов ученые смогут определить, где конкретно находится посадочный модуль. Для корректировки ошибок вследствие атмосферных и космических условий ученые собираются использовать данные квазаров. Проводиться это будет благодаря измерению разницы во времени фиксации радиосигналов, принятых от аппарата двумя удаленными друг от друга антеннами.
Примерно за 10 минут до начала снижения InSight сбросит маршевую ступень - защитную оболочку, в которой он находился с момента своего запуска с Земли. Как только это произойдет, начнутся те самые 7 минут ужаса. Перед тем как центр управления миссией сможет вздохнуть с облегчением аппарату придется пережить следующее:
    [/li]
  • Скорость снижения посадочного модуля InSight в момент входа в атмосферу составит почти 21 тысячу километров в час;
  • Тепловой защитный экран модуля разогреется почти 1400 градуса Цельсия - достаточно для того чтобы расплавить сталь. Такая температура будет удерживаться в течение 3,5 минуты до того момента, как будет раскрыт посадочный парашют. Спустя 30 секунд после раскрытия парашюта модуль сбросит тепловой экран;
  • Сразу же после этого включится набортный радар, который начнет пеленговать поверхность планеты. С каждым сигналом пеленга аппарат будет производить расчеты расстояния до поверхности, а также скорости своего снижения;
  • Примерно за 40 секунд до посадки InSight сбросит всю посадочную экипировку и около минуты будет находиться в свободном падении. Для предотвращения запутывания в парашюте и столкновения с тепловым экраном аппарат начнет раскручиваться, немного отойдя от изначальной области снижения;
  • За несколько секунд до соприкосновения с поверхностью планеты InSight включит свои посадочные двигатели. Менее чем за 7 минут модуль замедлится со скорости 21 000 км/ч до 8 км/ч.
(https://s.hi-news.ru/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-650x362.jpg)
Художественный концепт посадочного модуля InSight с установленными инструментами на марсианской поверхности
Модуль сам «позвонит» домой
Обычно для того чтобы узнать, как прошла посадка, агентство использует коммуникационные спутники, которые получают данные от аппаратов и перенаправляют их на Землю. Для получения сигнала спутникам необходимо находится в нужной точке и нужное время. Но у InSight есть собственные спутники. Это первая планетарная миссия, в которой агентство использует сразу два персональных коммуникационных спутника-кубсата -- MarCO A и MarCO B (или Марко/Поло, как их называют в центре управления миссией).
Небольшие кубсаты размером с коробку также будут использоваться как ретрансляторы во время 7-минутного снижения аппарата. После выполнения каждого шага высадки, начиная от входа в атмосферу и до запуска посадочных двигателей, передатчик, установленный на борту InSight, будет передавать данные на кубсаты, а те в свою очередь будут немедленно передавать их на антенны Сети дальней космической связи NASA и в центр управления Лаборатории реактивного движения.
Между отправкой и получением данных будет иметься задержка, поэтому если InSight не сможет удачно сесть, ученые узнают об этом лишь спустя 8 минут. Тем не менее команда настроена оптимистично. Практически сразу же после своей посадки модуль должен будет сделать фотографию поверхности Марса и отправить ее на Землю. И хотя фотография, скорее всего, будет не самого лучшего качества (при посадке поднимется очень много марсианской пыли), ее получение на Земле станет самой лучшей новостью за день.
Цитата«Как только мы получим подтверждение успешной посадки и первую фотографию с поверхности, команда, проводившая подготовку и координирование посадки, пойдет отдыхать и праздновать. Остальные же приступят к научной части этой миссии. В конце концов основная цель этой миссии - научное исследование. Этим мы и займемся», -- комментирует Хоффман.
После того, как InSight высадится на поверхность Марса, сделает несколько фотографий своего окружения, а также исследование почвы вокруг себя, команде миссии придется выполнить еще одну важную задачу - развертывание научного оборудования.
В отличии от других посадочных модулей и марсоходов, у которых все научные инструменты являлись частью их корпуса, InSight несет на своей «спине» съемные приборы, которые нужно будет схватить, достать и медленно разместить на поверхности Марса с помощью роботизированной руки. А теперь внимание: эта операция продлится в течение трех месяцев. Как бы там ни было, сейчас все внимание и подготовка сосредоточены именно на посадке модуля. При этом успех не гарантируется.
Цитата«Любая успешная посадка на Марс - настоящее событие. Дело в том, что общий международный объем успешных высадок на Красную планету невелик. Он составляет всего около 40 процентов. Другими словами, посадка на Марс - всегда настоящее испытание», -- подытоживает Хоффман.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 21.11.2018 20:44:09
7 минут террора были для Кюриосити, для Инсайта говорят о шести минутах (https://www.space.com/42311-nasa-mars-insight-lander-touchdown-video.html)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 20:59:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90486)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:06:00
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90487)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:06:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90488)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:08:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90489) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90490)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:14:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90491) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90492) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90493)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:17:55
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90494) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90495) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90496)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:26:13
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90497) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90498) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90499) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90500)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:28:49
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90501) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90502) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90503) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90504) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90505) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90506) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90507) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90508)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:40:36
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90510) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90511) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90512) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90513)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:43:46
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90514) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90515)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:49:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90516) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90517) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90518) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90519) 

Борт-камера
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90520) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90521)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:53:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90524)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 21:56:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90525)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:03:56
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 52 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065305090658103296)

NASA's Thomas Zurbuchen: going to Mars is really, really hard. Overall we're batting about .500 or less. [That's really, really good if you're a baseball player...]


49 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065306000452960256)

Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager: have one more trajectory correction maneuver to go, but looking good enough we may be able to skip it.


36 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065309127264665600)

Rob Grover, InSight EDL lead: weather conditions have been "very stable" at the landing site over the last month, with no dust storms. Should be a "very plain" day Monday, with a temp. about 4˚F.


35 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065309420643643393)

Grover: we'll make a decision end of the day Friday if we need that last trajectory correction maneuver, which would be Sunday.


20 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065313314270523393)

Asked if there are plans for any extended mission for the MarCO cubesats (which will serve as relays during EDL for InSight as they fly by Mars.) Focus for now is on that relay mission, but there have been discussions about what's possible that will be considered afterwards.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:07:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90526)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:14:24
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90527)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:18:15
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90528) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90529)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:21:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90530) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90533) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90534) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90531) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90532)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:23:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90535) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90536) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90537) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90538)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:23:36
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90539) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90540) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90541) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90542) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90543) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90544) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90545)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:24:27
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90546) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90547) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90548)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:26:08
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90549)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:45:12
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1065328400620052480)

Insight is "kind of a laid-back, slow-motion mission," says PI Bruce Banerdt. Will be 2-3 months before the main instruments are up and running because of the time needed to deploy them.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:53:01
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90550)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 22:53:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90551)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 21.11.2018 23:09:11
ЦитатаMars Insight Engineering Mission Briefing

Space Videos (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdF5d0UwSJJunRcRVzP1uDg)

Опубликовано: 21 нояб. 2018 г.

Engineers from NASA's Mars Insight mission discuss the engineering that will be taking place during the entry and landing of Insight on Mars, set for November 26th 2018.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4nl1iIjM6Uhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4nl1iIjM6U (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4nl1iIjM6U) (48:54)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2018 00:43:31
ЦитатаMars Insight Science Mission Briefing

Space Videos (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdF5d0UwSJJunRcRVzP1uDg)

Опубликовано: 21 нояб. 2018 г.

Scientists from NASA's Mars Insight mission discuss the science obejctives that will be taking place during the entry and landing of Insight on Mars, set for November 26th 2018.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzBkCVGwWsghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzBkCVGwWsg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzBkCVGwWsg) (48:27)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2018 00:47:25
ЦитатаNASA InSight: Engineering a Mars Lander

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 3 часа назад

Original Air Date: Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2018
Prior to landing on the Red Planet NASA discusses the engineering that went into the InSight lander. Launched on May 5, InSight marks NASA's first Mars landing since the Curiosity rover in 2012. The landing will kick off a two-year mission in which InSight will become the first spacecraft to study Mars' deep interior. Its data also will help scientists understand the formation of all rocky worlds, including our own.

InSight is being followed to Mars by two miniature NASA spacecraft, jointly called Mars Cube One (MarCO), the first deep-space mission for CubeSats. If MarCO makes its planned Mars flyby, it will attempt to relay data from InSight as it enters the planet's atmosphere and lands.

InSight and MarCO flight controllers will monitor the spacecraft's entry, descent and landing from Mission Control at JPL.
 
Speakers include:

- Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator
- Lori Glaze, acting director of the Planetary Science Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington
- Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California
- Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL
- Sue Smrekar, InSight deputy principal investigator at JPL
- Tilman Spohn, Director of the Institute of Planetary Research of the German Aerospace
- Veronica McGregor, Media Relations Manager
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWvN4n3reIUhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWvN4n3reIU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWvN4n3reIU) (2:06:47)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2018 01:02:23
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/11/21/106/
ЦитатаNASA InSight Team on Course for Mars Touchdown

Tony Greicius (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/agreiciu/)
Posted Nov 21, 2018 at 3:37 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/11/PIA22100-16-1024x576.jpg)
An artist's impression of NASA InSight's entry, descent and landing at Mars, scheduled for Nov. 26, 2018. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA's Mars Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (https://www.nasa.gov/insight)) spacecraft is on track for a soft touchdown on the surface of the Red Planet on Nov. 26, the Monday after Thanksgiving. But it's not going to be a relaxing weekend of turkey leftovers, football and shopping for the InSight mission team. Engineers will be keeping a close eye on the stream of data indicating InSight's health and trajectory, and monitoring Martian weather reports to figure out if the team needs to make any final adjustments in preparation for landing, only five days away.
"Landing on Mars is hard. It takes skill, focus and years of preparation," said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "Keeping in mind our ambitious goal to eventually send humans to the surface of the Moon and then Mars, I know that our incredible science and engineering team -- the only in the world to have successfully landed spacecraft on the Martian surface -- will do everything they can to successfully land InSight on the Red Planet."

InSight, the first mission to study the deep interior of Mars, blasted off from Vandenberg Air Force Base in Central California on May 5, 2018. It has been an uneventful flight to Mars, and engineers like it that way. They will get plenty of excitement when InSight hits the top of the Martian atmosphere at 12,300 mph (19,800 kph) and slows down to 5 mph (8 kph) -- about human jogging speed -- before its three legs touch down on Martian soil. That extreme deceleration has to happen in just under seven minutes.

"There's a reason engineers call landing on Mars 'seven minutes of terror,'" said Rob Grover, InSight's entry, descent and landing (EDL) lead, based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "We can't joystick the landing, so we have to rely on the commands we pre-program into the spacecraft. We've spent years testing our plans, learning from other Mars landings and studying all the conditions Mars can throw at us. And we're going to stay vigilant till InSight settles into its home in the Elysium Planitia region."

One way engineers may be able to confirm quickly what activities InSight has completed during those seven minutes of terror is if the experimental CubeSat mission known as Mars Cube One (MarCO) (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7235) relays InSight data back to Earth in near-real time during their flyby on Nov. 26. The two MarCO spacecraft (A and B) are making good progress toward their rendezvous point, and their radios have already passed their first deep-space tests.
Read more (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7290)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2018 01:06:34
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/11/21/nasa-insight-landing-on-mars-milestones/
ЦитатаNASA InSight Landing on Mars: Milestones

Tony Greicius (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/agreiciu/)
Posted Nov 21, 2018 at 4:01 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/11/PIA22809-16-1024x577.jpg)
This illustration shows a simulated view of NASA's InSight lander descending on its parachute toward the surface of Mars. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

On Nov. 26, NASA's InSight spacecraft will blaze through the Martian atmosphere and attempt to set a lander gently on the surface of the Red Planet in less time than it takes to hard-boil an egg. InSight's entry, descent and landing (EDL) team, based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, along with another part of the team at Lockheed Martin Space in Denver, have pre-programmed the spacecraft to perform a specific sequence of activities to make this possible.

The following is a list of expected milestones for the spacecraft, assuming all proceeds exactly as planned and engineers make no final changes the morning of landing day. Some milestones will be known quickly only if the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php) spacecraft are providing a reliable communications relay from InSight back to Earth. The primary communications path for InSight engineering data during the landing process is through NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Odyssey. Those data are expected to become available several hours after landing.

If all goes well, MarCO may take a few seconds to receive and format the data before sending it back to Earth at the speed of light. The one-way time for a signal to reach Earth from Mars is eight minutes and seven seconds on Nov. 26. Times listed below are in Earth Receive Time, or the time JPL Mission Control may receive the signals relating to these activities.
    [/li]
  • 11:40 a.m. PST (2:40 p.m. EST) - Separation from the cruise stage that carried the mission to Mars
  • 11:41 a.m. PST (2:41 p.m. EST) - Turn to orient the spacecraft properly for atmospheric entry
  • 11:47 a.m. PST (2:47 p.m. EST) - Atmospheric entry at about 12,300 mph (19,800 kph), beginning the entry, descent and landing phase
  • 11:49 a.m. PST (2:49 p.m. EST) - Peak heating of the protective heat shield reaches about 2,700°F (about 1,500°C)
  • 15 seconds later - Peak deceleration, with the intense heating causing possible temporary dropouts in radio signals
  • 11:51 a.m. PST (2:51 p.m. EST) - Parachute deployment
  • 15 seconds later - Separation from the heat shield
  • 10 seconds later - Deployment of the lander's three legs
  • 11:52 a.m. PST (2:52 p.m. EST) - Activation of the radar that will sense the distance to the ground
  • 11:53 a.m. PST (2:53 p.m. EST) - First acquisition of the radar signal
  • 20 seconds later - Separation from the back shell and parachute
  • 0.5 second later - The retrorockets, or descent engines, begin firing
  • 2.5 seconds later - Start of the "gravity turn" to get the lander into the proper orientation for landing
  • 22 seconds later - InSight begins slowing to a constant velocity (from 17 mph to a constant 5 mph, or from 27 kph to 8 kph) for its soft landing
  • 11:54 a.m. PST (2:54 p.m. EST) - Expected touchdown on the surface of Mars
  • 12:01 p.m. PST (3:01 p.m. EST) - "Beep" from InSight's X-band radio directly back to Earth, indicating InSight is alive and functioning on the surface of Mars
  • No earlier than 12:04 p.m. PST (3:04 p.m. EST), but possibly the next day - First image from InSight on the surface of Mars
  • No earlier than 5:35 p.m. PST (8:35 p.m. EST) - Confirmation from InSight via NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter that InSight's solar arrays have deployed
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 22.11.2018 20:45:44
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 9:02 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1065651746410848257) - 22 нояб. 2018 г.

NASA's Insight Mars probe entered the Martian gravitational (Hill) sphere of influence a few minutes ago, at 1700 UTC Nov 22. It is on a Mars hyperbolic orbit with a periares in the Martian atmosphere, with entry scheduled for 1942 UTC Nov 26


9:03 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1065652118852386816) - 22 нояб. 2018 г.

The MARCO-A and MARCO-B cubesats entered the Mars gravitational sphere about half an hour earlier, at about 1636 UTC. They will fly past the planet at a distance of about 2000 km, relaying entry data from Insight.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.11.2018 09:14:52
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 15:30 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066111780924125185) - 23 нояб. 2018 г.

Mars Insight continues to plunge into the Martian gravity well; now 748,000 km from the Martian surface travelling at 3 km/s relative to Mars. Current periares is 25 km below the surface according to today's data on Horizons.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.11.2018 19:18:58
Ближайшие трансляции НАСА

https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/schedule.html
ЦитатаNASA Television Upcoming Events

Watch NASA TV (https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html#public)

All times Eastern

NOVEMBER

November 25, Sunday
1 p.m. - Mars InSight Final Pre-Landing Update News Conference (All Channels)
4 p.m. - Mars InSight NASA Social Speaker Program (All Channels)

November 26,  Monday
6 a.m. - 10 a.m. - Mars InSight Live Shots (Media Channel)
1:30 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. - Mars InSight Clean Feed of cameras inside JPL Mission Control with mission audio only (Media Channel)
2 p.m. - Mars InSight Landing Live Commentary (Public Channel)
(No earlier than) 5 p.m. - Mars InSight Post-Landing News Conference (All Channels)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 24.11.2018 19:20:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 24 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066359647018332160)

Insight now 570,000 km from the red planet and closing...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 17:05:21
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1033103993709322240/m7jGqR6X_bigger.jpg)NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) 17:12 (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL/status/1066499785195061248) - 24 нояб. 2018 г.

What does @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) look for in a #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)? Join us live Nov 25 10 a.m. PT (1 p.m. ET) to to find out how @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) will go from 12,300 mph to standstill with the perfect EDL (Entry, Descent and Landing): http://www.youtube.com/nasajpl/live  (https://t.co/t51q0hA9WH)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dsz30vQVsAELC28.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dsz30vQVsAELC28.mp4) (0:02 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/Dsz30vQVsAELC28.mp4))
https://www.youtube.com/nasajpl/live
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90565)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 19:24:18
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 12 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066726237299777540)

Insight now 310,000 km from Mars. Less than 28 hours to touchdown.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 20:52:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90569)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:03:19
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90570)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:07:05
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90571) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90572) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90573)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:14:16
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90574) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90575) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90576) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90577) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90578)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:22:47
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90579) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90580)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:27:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90581) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90582) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90583)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:37:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90584) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90585) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90586) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90587) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90588) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90589) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90590)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:41:37
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 34 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066754513913163777)

NASA's Thomas Zurbuchen: we never take Mars for granted. Mars is hard.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:42:44
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 32 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066755379592339459)

InSight project manager Tom Hoffman says he'll control his excitement until first notification that the spacecraft has landed, then he will "unleash my inner four-year-old."


29 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066756309209542656)

Hoffman: about 11 miles off from center of desired landing site. Decided at 6am PST this morning to perform final trajectory correction maneuver, which will take place a few hours from now.


24 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066757598333014017)

Hoffman: landing site, called Elysium Plantia, roughly translates as "Heavenly Plain" and is indeed very plain; not the most exciting place to be, but very safe for landing.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:44:02
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 16 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066759952646238208)

Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator: landing tomorrow feels like a climax but it's actually the beginning of our science mission.


10 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066761643802136576)

Banerdt giving an overview of the seismometer on InSight, one of its key instruments (and which, because of development problems, delayed the mission's launch from 2016.)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:45:16
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90591)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:47:45
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 6 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066762890303160320)

Hoffman: I'm completely excited and completely nervous at the same time. Everything makes us feel confortbale about the landing, but everything has to go right.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:48:26
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066763729990283265)

Banerdt notes he's been working on a mission like InSight for 25-30 years; was a grad student who was JPL for the Viking landings and "really disappointed" when its seismic instruments didn't work.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:48:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066764629081243653)

Hoffman: final TCM this afternoon will be just a few cm/sec change in velocity, moving the center of the landing ellipse about 11 miles.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 21:49:14
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066765130791350277)

Hoffman: if we don't get the X-band "beep" from InSight seven minutes after landing, all is not lost; could mean the spacecraft is in safe mode.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 22:02:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066767307253387267)

Banerdt, asked about concerns heat flow probe might run into rocks as it burrows into the surface: think there's a high probability the heat flow probe gets down to at least 3 meters and hopefully all the way to 5 meters.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 22:04:48
Брифинг завершен
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90593)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90594)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 22:07:59
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90592)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 22:10:52
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90595)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 22:21:21
Запись брифинга
ЦитатаNASAJPL Live

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 87 минут назад

Original air date: November 25, 2018 10 a.m. PT (1 p.m. ET)

NASA discusses landing the first-ever mission to study the heart of Mars. InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) will be the topic of this media briefing, which looks forward to the lander's Nov. 26 arrival at the Red Planet.

InSight will study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all rocky planets, including Earth and its Moon, formed. The lander's instruments include a seismometer to detect marsquakes and a probe to monitor the flow of heat in the planet's subsurface.
 
Briefing participants include:

Thomas Zurbuchen - Associate Administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Headquarters
Bruce Banerdt - InSight Principal Investigator, NASA JPL
Tom Hoffman - InSight Project Manager, NASA JPL
Cody Colley - MarCO-A Mission Manager, NASA JPL
Julie Wertz Chen - Entry, Descent and Landing Systems Engineer, NASA JPL
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8NvcbkvxXwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8NvcbkvxXw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8NvcbkvxXw) (1:08:00)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 23:34:08
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/25/mars-lander-on-course-for-monday-touchdown/
ЦитатаMars lander on course for Monday touchdown
November 25, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/) | William Harwood (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/bill-harwood/)

STORY WRITTEN FOR CBS NEWS (http://www.cbsnews.com/) & USED WITH PERMISSION

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/PIA22099_hires.jpg)
The InSight spacecraft approaches Mars in this artist's concept. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

After a six-month voyage fr om Earth, NASA's InSight Mars lander, streaking through space at at some 12,300 mph, will slam into the thin martian atmosphere Monday afternoon to begin a nail-biting six-and-a-half-minute descent to the surface, kicking off a billion-dollar mission to probe the red planet's hidden interior.

"The goal of InSight is nothing less than to better understand the birth of the Earth, the birth of the planet we live on, and we're going to do that by going to Mars," said Principle Investigator Bruce Banerdt.

On Earth, plate tectonics and the constantly churning mantle have altered the planet's deep interior, obscuring its history and evolution. But Mars is a smaller planet and much less active than Earth, retaining the "fingerprints" of those earlier processes.

"By mapping out these boundaries, these various different sections of the inside of the planet, we can then understand better how the planet formed and how our planet got to be the way it is where we can actually live and play and have a good time. ... So, we're going to go to Mars."

A final correction maneuver was planned Sunday afternoon to slightly tweak InSight's trajectory and ensure an on-target landing on a broad plain known as Elysium Planitia.

But as with all Mars landings, InSight's fully automated descent 90 million miles away will take place far beyond any direct control -- or help -- fr om engineers on Earth. In fact, it will take radio signals 8.1 minutes to make their way to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., wh ere anxious scientists and engineers will be waiting to find out whether the spacecraft made it successfully to the surface.

"We've done everything we can, we've done everything we can think of to make sure we're going to be successful," said Tom Hoffman, the InSight project manager. "But you just never know what's going to happen."

Nestled inside a flying saucer-shaped "aeroshell" and protected by a state-of-the-art heat shield, InSight will begin its plunge at around 2:47 p.m. EST Monday, enduring braking forces up to 7.4 times the strength of Earth's gravity as it rapidly slows down and heats up to around 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit.

Four minutes later, at an altitude of 7.5 miles and now moving at a still supersonic 928 mph, a 39-foot-wide parachute will unfurl, inflating with a force of 15,000 pounds per square foot to slow the craft to a much more manageable 295 mph or so.

The no-longer-needed heat shield then will be jettisoned, exposing the bottom of the lander to the environment, and 10 seconds after that, its three landing legs will unfold and lock in place.

A few seconds later, about one minute before touchdown, InSight's downward-looking radar will be activated, measuring the spacecraft's altitude and rate of descent and feeding those data to the lander's flight computer.

Finally, less than a mile above the surface and descending at about 134 mph, InSight will be released from the aeroshell and parachute to fall freely on its own.

One second later, twelve small rocket motors will fire up, each one generating about 68 pounds of thrust as they pulse on and off 10 times per second, first moving the spacecraft to one side to avoid the falling parachute and aeroshell.

Nulling out its horizontal velocity and slowing to about 5 mph, InSight is expected to touch down on Elysium Planitia around 2:54 p.m., roughly 2 p.m. local time on Mars.
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22227-full2.jpg)
Artist's illustration of the InSight spacecraft on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Fifteen minutes later, after waiting for the dust kicked up by the thrusters to settle back to the ground, InSight's two circular solar arrays will unfold to begin recharging the spacecraft's batteries. The arrays would generate about 1,300 watts of power on Earth, but at Mars, with its relatively dusty atmosphere, they'll manage just 300 to 600 or so.

The entry, descent and landing sequence was timed to coincide with the passage overhead of NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which is programmed to record UHF telemetry radioed up from Insight during its plunge to the surface. That data will be stored on board the orbiter and relayed back to Earth about three hours after touchdown.

Realtime data will be beamed back from two experimental spacecraft known as Mars Cube One -- MarCO -- A and B that were launched with InSight back in May. They are the first so-called "CubeSats" to make an interplanetary voyage and they are the primary way flight controllers will be able to follow InSight's descent.

Unlike the much more sophisticated Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, the MarCO spacecraft, which cost about $18.5 million to build, feature radio gear that can take in UHF signals from InSight and immediately relay them back to Earth at X-band frequencies.

"If it works, the two MarCO spacecraft will relay the data for InSight entry, descent and landing almost as it's happening, which will be very cool for both the MarCO team and the InSight team to figure out what's going on with the lander as soon as possible," said Anne Marinan, a manager of the Mars Cube One project at JPL.

Regardless, InSight -- the convoluted acronym stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport -- will send a computer-generated "tone" directly back to Earth seven minutes after touchdown to indicate its general health.

But detailed telemetry will not arrive until the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter relays its stored data three hours after touchdown. Confirmation the solar arrays deployed normally will be relayed back by NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter about five-and-a-half hours after landing.

"I am completely excited and completely nervous all at the same time, because everything that we've done to date makes us feel comfortable that we're going to land on Mars," Hoffman said. "But everything has to go perfectly. Mars could always throw us a curve ball."

But if it works, InSight will pay off with the first detailed look at the interior of Mars, providing long-sought answers to questions about how planets were assembled when the solar system coalesced from a cloud of debris 4.5 billion years ago.

InSight is equipped with two primary instruments: the Seismic Experiment Interior Structure -- SEIS -- seismometer, provided by the French space agency, CNES, and the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe -- HP3 -- provided by the German Aerospace Agency, DLR. The two instruments cost the European space agencies about $180 million.

To work properly, both instruments must be lowered to Mars' surface with a robot arm and both require a relatively flat, rock-free area near the base of the lander. The Elysium Planitia landing site was chosen because it provides just that.

"As landing engineers, we really like this landing site," said Rob Grover, manager of InSight's entry, descent and landing on Elysium Planitia. "It's flat, it doesn't have many rocks, it's a very safe place to land."

Engineers will use cameras on the lander to precisely examine the area around the spacecraft to make sure the instruments are placed in the best possible location.

But it won't be quick.

"It's kind of a laid back, slow-motion mission compared to a lot of things that we'e done before," Banerdt said. "It's going to take us probably two or three months, at least, to get our instruments down. We have to do a survey of the area in front of our spacecraft, make sure we don't put the instruments down on a rock or in a hole or something like that.

"And then we're very, very very careful about how we put the instruments down. ... So it's going to take us probably a month or two to get the seismometer down and another month or so to get the heat flow probe down and penetrating down into the surface. We're probably looking at early next spring when we're really going to start brining back that kind of science from Mars."

The seismometer is capable of detecting movements smaller than the width of a hydrogen atom, to record the faint vibrations of remote marsquakes, meteor strikes and even the slight tidal tugs caused by the passage of Mars' two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, to map out the planet's inner structure.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/insight_edl_diagram.jpg)
Diagram of the InSight spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The self-hammering temperature probe will pound its way to a depth of up to 15 feet to measure temperature changes and, by extrapolation, determine how much heat is flowing out of the core deep below.

In a third investigation, precise analysis of radio signals from the lander as Mars rotates will enable scientists to determine the exact orientation of its polar axis as it slowly wobbles, or precesses, due to the core "sloshing around" in the deep interior. From those data, they hope to determine the core's size, density and composition.

The goal is to help scientists understand how the solar system's terrestrial planets -- Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars -- formed and how they evolved into the very different worlds we see today.

"Venus is hot enough to melt lead," Banerdt told reporters last week. "Mercury has a sun-baked surface. Mars is pretty cold today, but Earth is a nice place to take a vacation. We'd really like to know why one planet goes one way and another planet goes another way. Those answers are in the details of the structure that's formed very early in the planet's history."

On Earth, that structure has been "sort of scrambled up, both by plate tectonics and by mantle convection," he said. "And so, the evidence of the very earliest processes has been wiped away."

But on Mars, a planet half the size of Earth wh ere plate tectonics and a churning mantle are not at work, evidence of the planet's early history is still preserved in the deep interior.

"The goal of InSight is nothing less than to better understand the birth of the Earth, the birth of the planet we live on, and we're going to do that by going to Mars," Banerdt said. "How we get from a ball of featureless rock into a planet that may or may not support life?

"These processes that do this all happen in the first few tens of millions of years," he said. "We'd like to be able to understand what happened, and the clues to that are in the structure of the planet that gets set up in these early years."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 23:38:17
https://spacenews.com/insight-to-perform-final-maneuver-before-landing/
ЦитатаInSight to perform final maneuver before landing
by Jeff Foust (https://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- November 25, 2018

(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-onapproach.jpg)
NASA's InSight spacecraft will perform a final trajectory correction maneuver less than a day before landing on Mars to slightly adjust the location of its landing site. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's InSight spacecraft will perform a final maneuver less than 24 hours before its scheduled landing to slightly adjust the location of its landing site.

During a briefing at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory here Nov. 25, project leaders said they decided to carry out a sixth and final trajectory correction maneuver (TCM) that is part of the cruise phase of the mission. Managers had suggested at a briefing Nov. 21 that, based on the accuracy of the trajectory at that time, they might skip that final maneuver.

Tom Hoffman, project manager for InSight, said at the briefing that after the fifth TCM Nov. 18, the center of the landing ellipse, representing the region on the planet the spacecraft would land in, was off its target by about 18 kilometers. That difference was enough for him and other mission officials, at a meeting a few hours before the briefing, to decide to carry out the final maneuver.

"We want to avoid the area up here," he said, referring to a region with rougher terrain near the edge of the current landing ellipse. "That's not a great area to land."

That maneuver, known as TCM-6 and taking place about 22 hours before the 2:54 p.m. Eastern Nov. 26 landing, will change the spacecraft's velocity by just a few centimeters per second. "Hopefully within a few hours after that we're going to know exactly where we're landing," he said. "Things should be in good shape."

The maneuver, he said, is intended to move the center of the landing ellipse back to the target, marked on images with a red X, and avoid the undesirable terrain, a decision that came after what Hoffman called a "very exciting" meeting earlier in the day.

"We listened to all the different inputs and the final decision was to go ahead and do the TCM and move ourselves back to that red X," he said, "and be exactly where we really want to land from both a safety standpoint as well as making sure we have the right location for our science instruments."

Officials said that, other than the decision to perform the final maneuver, there are no issues with the spacecraft, formally known as Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport. The mission, with a total cost including international contributions of nearly $1 billion, is designed to study the composition and structure of the interior of Mars using a seismometer and heat flow probe.
Once on the surface, InSight will deploy those two instruments over the next few months, collecting data on a prime mission scheduled to last two years. "It feels like a climax," said Bruce Banerdt, principal investigator of InSight at JPL, of the landing, "but it's actually the beginning."

He and others involved with the mission expressed a mix of confidence that the spacecraft, based on the Phoenix Mars Lander that successfully landed on Mars a decade ago, would make to the surface, as well as nervousness as the landing approaches. "I'm actually really confident, personally, that we're going to land safely tomorrow," Banerdt said. "It doesn't mean I'm not nervous."

"We recognize that we never take Mars for granted," said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA associate administrator for science. "Mars is hard."

Hoffman noted he spent the Thanksgiving holiday with family, including three young grandsons who, when excited, run around and yell. "Inside of me right now I'm just about the same," he said. As soon as he receives word of a successful landing, he said, "I'm going to unleash my inner four-year-old."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 25.11.2018 23:58:51
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90596)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:03:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90597)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:04:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90598)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:05:00
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90599)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:11:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90601)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:13:44
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90602)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:24:19
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90603)
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Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:41:22
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90610) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90611) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90612)
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Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:42:56
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90614)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:52:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90615) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90616)
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(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90622)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 00:59:32
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90623) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90624) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90625)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:03:40
Брифинг Q&A завершен
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90626)(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90627)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:07:19
Запись брифинга Q&A
ЦитатаOne Day from Mars Landing: InSight Team Q&A (NASA Social)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 73 минуты назад

Original air date: November 25, 2018 1 p.m. PT (4 p.m. ET)

NASA's Mars Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft is on track for a soft touchdown on the surface of the Red Planet on Nov. 26. NASA Social attendees and media ask questions from the audience and on social via #AskNASA.

Briefing participants include:
Moderator
Stephanie L. Smith, NASA-JPL Social Media Team
 
NASA HQ Overview
Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters

Science Panel
Sue Smrekar, InSight Deputy Principal Investigator, NASA-JPL
Philippe Laudet, SEIS Project Manager, CNES
Tilman Spohn, HP 3 Principal Investigator, DLR
Jim Green, NASA Chief Scientist, HQ

Experience InSight Demo
Jason Craig, technical producer, NASA-JPL

Engineering Panel
Farah Alibay, InSight Payload Systems Engineer, NASA-JPL
Aline Zimmer, InSight EDL Systems Engineer, NASA-JPL
Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, InSight Instrument Deployment System Ops Lead, NASA-JPL
Tim Priser, Quality Director, Lockheed Martin Space

MARCO Panel
Andy Klesh, MarCO Chief Engineer, NASA-JPL
Anne Marinan, MarCO-B Mission Manager, NASA-JPL
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWhjDBmlcqghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWhjDBmlcqg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWhjDBmlcqg) (1:08:44)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:09:48
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 8 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066813943971106816)

The engineering testbed for ⁦@NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)⁩ at JPL.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4VnznV4AIHHPN.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:11:30
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/829884026/091004-780610_bigger.jpg)Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight) 13:19 (https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/1066803703817150464) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

FEATURE ARTICLE:

NASA, Mars fleet ready for daring, challenging InSight landing on Red Planet

https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2018/11/nasa-mars-fleet-insight-landing-red-planet/ ... (https://t.co/mXhUUKyV62)

- By Chris Gebhardt (@ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF))

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4MBYmXcAEdK_U.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4MCsBWkAMP-5q.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4MEiIWsAA1XfP.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4MG3aXgAAfn_e.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:50:10
https://ria.ru/science/20181126/1533480016.html
ЦитатаЗонд НАСА InSight в понедельник прибудет на Марс
00:36 26.11.2018

(https://cdn4.img.ria.ru/images/150615/39/1506153949.jpg) (https://cdn5.img.ria.ru/images/72766/39/727663920.jpg)
© Фото : JPL/NASA

ВАШИНГТОН, 26 ноя - РИА Новости. Стартовавший в мае с Земли американский исследовательский зонд InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) совершит посадку на Марс в понедельник, чтобы бурить поверхность и "слушать пульс" Огненной планеты, НАСА планирует вести прямую трансляцию события.

Главная задача апппарата InSight -- установка на Марсе сейсмографа (SEIS, the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure) для измерения движений внутренних пород и ударов метеоритов. В НАСА отмечают, что инструмент SEIS станет первым за последние 40 лет сейсмографом, который как стетоскоп врача будет слушать сердцебиение Марса. В последний раз сейсмограф был на планете в ходе программы марсианских станций "Викинг", запущенных в середине 1970-х годов.
Зонд InSight, совместный проект НАСА и Европейского космического агентства, также будет вести бурение Марса и другие эксперименты, которые позволят узнать больше о его формировании и развитии. В НАСА надеются, что рассчитанная на два года миссия по изучению внутренних слоев Марса позволит больше узнать о строении и формировании Красной планеты.

По расчетам создателей, аппарат должен сесть на поверхность Марса в районе нагорья Элизий (Elysium Planitia) в автоматическом режиме. Как анонсируют в НАСА, весь процесс должен занять "меньше времени, чем понадобится землянам, чтобы сварить яйцо в крутую". Посадка начнется в 14.40 по времени восточного побережья США (22.40 мск) в понедельник, когда зонд отделится от несущего его аппарата, еще через семь минут (в 22.47 мск) он войдет в атмосферу Марса, а в 22.51 мск выпустит тормозящий его при посадке парашют. Зонд, надеются создатели, коснется Огненной планеты в 22.54 мск.

Первый сигнал на Землю, который будет свидетельствовать о том, что InSight успешно "пережил" встречу с марсианской поверхностью, ожидается в 23.01 мск. В НАСА рассчитывают, что к вечеру создатели получат подтверждение об успешном развертывании солнечных батарей зонда, а в течение первых суток аппарат отправит на Землю первый снимок Марса.

Следить за ходом посадки зонда специалисты будут как с помощью сигналов с уже работающих на орбите Марса аппаратов, так и благодаря летящим вслед за ним паре кубсатов MarCO. Близнецы, которые созданы специально для передачи данных об InSight по мере его сближения и посадки на Марс, станут первыми мини-спутниками, так называемыми кубсатами, свершивший полет на столь удаленное от Земли расстояние.

Помимо специалистов миссии следить за посадкой запущенного с Земли в начале мая зонда смогут все желающие. Для этого НАСА организует прямую трансляцию из центра управления полетов в лаборатории реактивного движения в Калифорнии, увидеть ее можно будет в интернете, а также на 80 площадках в США и за их пределами. Трансляцию НАСА посадки зонда, в частности, планируют вывести на экран на Таймс-сквер в Нью-Йорке.

Помимо научных инструментов аппарат доставит на Марс микрочипы с именами более 2,4 миллиона жителей Земли, в том числе более 60 тысяч россиян. Имена принявших участие в марсианской акции НАСА отпечатаны на силиконовом микрочипе.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:54:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 14:27 (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066820584938516480) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

During a tour of the mission control center at JPL we learned the TCM-6 maneuver had just been performed, but it'll be a couple hours until we know the updated InSight trajectory.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4bqhoVYAAyT-0.jpg)


14:40 (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066823951748259840) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

Also, you'll either be relieved or concerned, depending on your NFL fandom, that Tom Brady is working mission ops for InSight.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4euZDUwAAHcVT.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 01:55:27
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 14:47 (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1066825670632841216) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

Rest assured that the tradition (not superstition, JPLers assure us) of peanuts will continue for InSight.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds4gSgRXgAIHS9J.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 02:19:20
https://www.interfax.ru/world/639367
Цитата00:34, 26 ноября 2018
Американский космический аппарат InSight совершит посадку на Марсе

Москва. 26 ноября. INTERFAX.RU - На Красной планете в понедельник вечером по московскому времени совершит посадку уникальный американский космический корабль InSight, который позволит заглянуть внутрь Марса и дать ответы на вопросы о его современной тектонической активности и строении, сообщает Национальное управление по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (НАСА).

По данным агентства, до 2018 года к Марсу было запущено свыше двух десятков различных аппаратов, но все они изучали лишь внешнюю сторону планеты. Аппарат InSight позволит "заглянуть вовнутрь" Марса. Этот космический аппарат, запущенный к Марсу 5 мая ракетой-носителем Atlas V с пусковой площадки на авиабазе ВВС США Ванденберг в штате Калифорния, предназначен для изучения внутреннего устройства Марса - его коры, мантии и ядра.

InSight оснащен сейсмометром SEIS, который должен определить уровень сейсмической активности и особенности внутреннего строения Марса, а также зондом для измерения теплового потока под поверхностью планеты (HP3). Оба прибора будут развернуты с помощью спускаемой роботизированной руки и установлены на поверхности планеты. При этом будет пробурена 5-метровая скважина, которая должна будет промерить уровень тепла внутри Марса.

Помимо этого на американском космическом аппарате также имеется микрочип, на котором записаны имена 2,4 млн человек, принявших участие в акции "Отправь свое имя на Марс".
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 02:24:11
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5833074
Цитата26 НОЯ, 01:23
NASA проведет небольшую коррекцию траектории станции InSight перед ее посадкой на Марс

Речь идет всего лишь о нескольких сантиметрах

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, 26 ноября. /ТАСС/. Национальное управление по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства США (NASA) проведет небольшую коррекцию траектории полета автоматической межпланетной станции Mars InSight перед ее посадкой на поверхность Марса. Об этом сообщил в воскресенье на пресс-конференции помощник директора NASA по научным исследованиям Томас Зурбукен.

Согласно расчетам, InSight достигнет поверхности Марса в понедельник, 26 ноября, в 15:00 по времени Восточного побережья США (23:00 мск). Ранее в NASA не исключали, что его специалистам придется в удаленном режиме произвести небольшую коррекцию траектории движения станции, так как в противном случае InSight может приземлиться на участок поверхности, который не слишком подходит для мягкой и безопасной посадки.

Зурбукен подтвердил, что коррекция будет произведена. "В течение второй половины дня [в воскресенье по местному времени] мы проведем небольшой маневр с одноразовым включением двигателей", - отметил он. По словам Зурбукена, траекторию станции предстоит скорректировать всего лишь на несколько сантиметров. Таким образом, InSight, как ожидается, приземлится примерно в 18 км северо-восточнее того места, которое считается неудачным для приземления.

Процесс торможения аппарата весом 385 кг в марсианской атмосфере начнется на расстоянии около 125 км от поверхности планеты. Снижение в атмосфере займет около 6,5 минуты. На расстоянии 12 км от поверхности раскроется парашют диаметром около 11,9 м. За 15 секунд до касания аппарат выпустит опоры и опустится на поверхность при скорости около 8 км/ч.

Сразу после посадки наступит 16-минутная пауза с тем, чтобы пыль в районе приземления на нагорье Элизий улеглась, а затем начнется процесс раскрытия панелей солнечных батарей, который будет также продолжаться 16 минут. Связь с посадочным модулем будет осуществляться как через систему дальней космической связи, так и через два микроспутника Mars Cube One. Эти микроспутники весом 13,6 кг каждый снабжены восемью микродвигателями, приемной и передающей антеннами и способны передать информацию на Землю с трехчасовой задержкой.

Межпланетный космический аппарат Mars InSight с посадочным модулем был выведен на траекторию полета к Марсу 5 мая ракетой-носителем Atlas V, стартовавшей с базы ВВС США Ванденберг в штате Калифорния.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 08:36:58
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-insight-is-one-day-away-from-mars
ЦитатаNov. 25, 2018

NASA's InSight Is One Day Away from Mars

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/pia22099-16.jpg?itok=qkD8Ufes) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22099-16.jpg)
The InSight spacecraft approaches Mars in this artist's concept.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22099)


The fourth paragraph has been upd ated with information about the trajectory correction maneuver conducted by the mission team on the afternoon of Nov. 25.

In just over 24 hours, NASA's InSight spacecraft will complete its seven-month journey to Mars. It will have cruised 301,223,981 miles (484,773,006 km) at a top speed of 6,200 mph (10,000 kph).

Engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, which leads the mission, are preparing for the spacecraft to enter the Martian atmosphere, descend with a parachute and retrorockets, and touch down tomorrow at around noon PST (3 p.m. EST). InSight -- which stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport -- will be the first mission to study the deep interior of Mars.

"We've studied Mars from orbit and from the surface since 1965, learning about its weather, atmosphere, geology and surface chemistry," said Lori Glaze, acting director of the Planetary Science Division in NASA's Science Mission Directorate. "Now we finally will explore inside Mars and deepen our understanding of our terrestrial neighbor as NASA prepares to send human explorers deeper into the solar system."

Before InSight enters the Martian atmosphere, there are a few final preparations to make. At 1:47 PST (4:47 EST) engineers successfully conducted a last trajectory correction maneuver to steer the spacecraft within a few kilometers of its targeted entry point over Mars. About two hours before hitting the atmosphere, the entry, descent and landing (EDL) team might also upload some final tweaks to the algorithm that guides the spacecraft safely to the surface.

These will be the last commands issued to InSight before it robotically guides itself the rest of the way. The EDL team worked for months beforehand to pre-program every stage of InSight's landing, making adjustments based on weather reports from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
"While most of the country was enjoying Thanksgiving with their family and friends, the InSight team was busy making the final preparations for Monday's landing," said Tom Hoffman of JPL, InSight's project manager. "Landing on Mars is difficult and takes a lot of personal sacrifices, such as missing the traditional Thanksgiving, but making InSight successful is well worth the extraordinary effort."

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/pia22830-16.jpg?itok=EkIbd3Ob) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia22830-16.jpg)
NASA's twin MarCO spacecraft are scheduled to make a flyby of Mars on Nov. 26. On Nov. 24, a wide-angle camera on MarCO-B took this picture of the Red Planet, which appears as small, grey dot in the lower left quadrant of the image.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22830)


Engineers will be huddled with scientists at JPL on Nov. 26, watching with nervous anticipation for signals that InSight successfully touched down.

"It's taken more than a decade to bring InSight from a concept to a spacecraft approaching Mars -- and even longer since I was first inspired to try to undertake this kind of mission," said Bruce Banerdt of JPL, InSight's principal investigator. "But even after landing, we'll need to be patient for the science to begin."

It will take two to three months for InSight's robotic arm to se t the mission's instruments on the surface. During that time, engineers will monitor the environment and photograph the terrain in front of the lander.

Back at JPL, the surface operations team will practice setting down the instruments. They'll use a working replica of InSight in an indoor "Mars sandbox," which will be sculpted to match the mission's actual landing site on Mars. The team will check to make sure the instruments can be deployed safely, even if there are rocks nearby or InSight lands at an angle.

Once the final position of each instrument is decided, it will take several weeks to carefully lift each one and calibrate their measurements. Then the science really gets underway.

About InSight
JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES), the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES and IPGP provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center (CBK) of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain's Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) supplied the wind sensors.

For the latest updates and more information about how to watch InSight landing, visit:
https://go.nasa.gov/insighttoolkit
For more information about InSight, visit:
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/
Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
2018-274

Last Updated: Nov. 26, 2018
Editor: Tony Greicius
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 08:49:04
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 17:17 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066863435873423360) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

Insight now 209,000 km from Mars. 18 hours to touchdown


19:08 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066891415962161153) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

Insight's range to Mars now 190,000 km. Areocentric velocity now 3.05 km/s - still only feeling Martian gravity a little bit, going at 5 times local escape velocity
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 09:43:10
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 22:34 (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066943380494708736) - 25 нояб. 2018 г.

Last update for tonight: Insight range to Martian surface 150,000 km. 13 hours to touchdown.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 11:13:08
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 49 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1066955554021625857)

I just spotted that INSIGHT and MARCO-B pass only 2000 km from the Martian moon Phobos at 1910 and 1913 UTC. That's really close! (MARCO-A is a little further at 4300 km closest approach).
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: кукушка от 26.11.2018 15:19:17
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9a6vKYaULNQ&t=818s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9a6vKYaULNQ&t=818s)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9a6vKYaULNQ&t=818s
Миссия Mars:InSight совершит посадку на Красной планете уже 26 ноября. Давайте вспомним, как происходила погдотовка к запуску аппарата и разберёмся, как пройдёт его посадка.


,,,,,,
трансляция

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiUQcJlu7sw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiUQcJlu7sw)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiUQcJlu7sw
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 16:08:34
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1033103993709322240/m7jGqR6X_bigger.jpg)NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) 4:22 (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL/status/1067030809813508097) - 26 нояб. 2018 г.

Land more than a deal this #CyberMonday (https://twitter.com/hashtag/CyberMonday?src=hash). Land on Mars. See inside mission control as signals from @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)'s #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash) arrive. Live coverage begins at 11am PT (2 pm ET, 1900 UTC). http://NASA.gov/live  (https://t.co/8DEZ9AEGZ9)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds7Z4MuUwAAY-NA.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 16:36:34
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/26/insight-tweaks-trajectory-to-home-in-on-mars-landing-site/
ЦитатаInSight tweaks trajectory to home in on Mars landing site
November 26, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight_cruise.jpg)
Artist's concept of the InSight spacecraft in its interplanetary cruise configuration. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

On the eve of its blazing entry into the Martian atmosphere, NASA's InSight spacecraft briefly pulsed its control jets Sunday to target a safe, flat landing zone near the planet's equator -- the last in a series of trajectory correction maneuvers since the mission's launch in May.

Still attached to its cruise stage, which ferried the lander fr om Earth to Mars, InSight fired its thrusters at 4:47 p.m. EST (1:47 p.m. PST; 2147 GMT) Sunday to steer the spacecraft closer to an ideal landing site in Elysium Planitia, a broad, flat equatorial plain sel ected by mission managers because of its relative safety.

InSight's landing zone is free of large boulders, craters, and other topographic hazards, according to surveys based on high-resolution imagery fr om the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a satellite in orbit around Mars.

Officials ordered the trajectory correction maneuver in a meeting Sunday morning after an assessment of InSight's course toward Mars. The previous course correction Nov. 18 moved InSight's landing ellipse -- a football-shaped area in which the spacecraft could conceivably touch down -- to the mission's planned landing spot.

But the ellipse did not have the landing target dead-center, and it included some areas with rougher terrain, where a landing might be more risky, according to Tom Hoffman, InSight's project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight_hoffman_ellipse.jpg)
Tom Hoffman, InSight's project manager, motions to a region officials hope the lander will avoid due to rougher terrain. Credit: NASA TV/Spaceflight Now

In a press conference Sunday, Hoffman said InSight's final course correction was expected to be "just a very small burn, it's only a few centimeters per second."

"It's almost a breath of air out of your mouth," he said. "We hope that we're going to move about 11 miles (17 kilometers) from where we are today to that red X."

Mission planners set aside propellant and time for InSight to conduct the trajectory correction maneuver Sunday, but officials were not sure it would be required until a meeting Sunday morning, according to Hoffman.

"If we go farther northwest than wh ere we're currently showing, we get into a region that we're not as comfortable landing in, which is the reason we had a very exciting ... 6 o'clock meeting this morning," Hoffman said.

"We listened to all the different inputs, and the final decision was to go ahead and do the TCM (trajectory correction maneuver), let's move ourselves back to that red X and be exactly wh ere we really want to land, from both a safety standpoint, as well as making sure that we have the right location for our science instruments."

Some InSight officials have joked that Elysium Planitia is the biggest parking lot on Mars, notable for its expanse and featureless terrain, not for the rugged geology often found at other Mars landing sites.

"Where we're going to land is a place called Elysium Planitia, which very roughly translated means 'heavenly plain," Hoffman told reporters Monday. "And, indeed, it is is a very heavenly plain, and it is very plain, but it is actually perfect. It's safe. It's great, not only to land, it's a great place to do the science that we want to do."

A final opportunity to uplink commands to InSight is available to ground controllers around two hours before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere at 2:47 p.m. EST (1947 GMT) Monday. Engineers may elect to send up minor adjustments to the algorithm that will guide InSight through the atmosphere to its landing site.

The lander will jettison its cruise stage, which ferried InSight from Earth to Mars following the mission's May 5 launch aboard an Atlas 5 rocket, a few minutes before slamming into the outermost layers of the Martian atmosphere. The cruise module will burn up during its plunge toward Mars.

InSight's heat shield will take the brunt of the force to slow InSight from its initial entry velocity of 12,300 mph (5.5 kilometers per second). Cocooned in a flying saucer-shaped shell, the lander will slow down using aerodynamic friction, building up temperatures on the outer skin of the craft's heat shield as high as 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit (1,500 degrees Celsius).

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight_parachute_art1.jpg)
Artist's illustration of the InSight spacecraft descending under parachute. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

A supersonic parachute will then unfurl -- shot out of the top of the entry vehicle like a mortar shell -- at a velocity of around 861 mph (385 meters per second), and at an altitude of approximately 36,400 feet (11,100 meters) above ground level.

Fifteen seconds later, InSight will release its heat shield and extend its three landing legs, each fitted with a trigger sensor to detect touchdown.

But InSight's parachute is not enough to slow the spacecraft enough for a soft landing. The Martian atmosphere -- less than one percent the thickness of Earth's -- is far too thin to allow landers to safely reach the surface using parachutes alone.

InSight will next activate a landing radar to measure the spacecraft's altitude and descent rate, and after about two minutes under the parachute, the probe will release from its backshell at a speed of around 134 mph (60 meters per second) and an altitude of approximately 3,600 feet (1,100 meters).

One second after backshell separation, the lander will begin firing 12 braking rockets to slow its descent velocity and null out horizontal movements. The spacecraft will also rotate to ensure it is in the correct orientation for touchdown, with its solar arrays extending east and west from the deck, and the robotic arm's work area on the south side of the lander.

Around 164 feet (50 meters) above the surface, InSight will transition to a constant velocity mode. Around 15 seconds later, InSight will reach the surface at a velocity of around 5 mph (2.24 meters per second), and immediately switch off its liquid-fueled thrusters.

Once on the surface, InSight will unfurl two fan-like solar arrays to begin generating power. Cameras on the stationary lander, built by Lockheed Martin, will survey its surroundings before engineers beam up commands for InSight to use its robotic arm to place a pair of science instruments on the nearby surface.

One of the sensors is a French-built seismometer encased in a vacuum enclosure and a wind shield. It will detect tremors -- marsquakes -- caused by geologic activity deep inside the Martian crust.

Another instrument, developed in Germany, will hammer up to 16 feet (5 meters) below the Martian surface and measure the heat coming from the planet's interior.

The instrument deployments could take two or three months to complete as scientists and engineers on Earth methodically plan the sequence based on the conditions at InSight's unexplored landing site.

"It's taken more than a decade to bring InSight fr om a concept to a spacecraft approaching Mars -- and even longer since I was first inspired to try to undertake this kind of mission," said Bruce Banerdt of JPL, InSight's principal investigator. "But even after landing, we'll need to be patient for the science to begin."

The lander will stand around three feet (90 centimeters) tall on the Martian surface, with some uncertainty because InSight's legs could compress into the soil after touchdown. With its solar panels unfolded, the lander will span around 19.7 feet (6 meters) wide.

Data collected by InSight should reveal information about Mars's internal structure, including the size and make-up of its core. Scientists hope InSight's discoveries will tell them about how rocky planets like Mars and Earth formed.

Mars has a geologic record dating back billions of years, a record that has been largely erased on Earth by plate tectonics and vigorous geologic activity that refreshes the crust.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 20:54:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/964295333252665344/tTCF1uKz_bigger.jpg)Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/ChrisG_NSF/status/1067113482217299970)

Under 2hrs now to the start of #InSight (https://twitter.com/hashtag/InSight?src=hash)'s Entry, Descent, and Landing (#EDL (https://twitter.com/hashtag/EDL?src=hash)) sequence. Craft is 14,000 miles from Mars. #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash) #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash) #NASA (https://twitter.com/hashtag/NASA?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds8mBUZWsAQAXDu.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 21:58:06
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/26/insight-mission-status-center/
ЦитатаLive coverage: InSight probe set to land on Mars today
November 26, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

11/26/2018 21:11 Stephen Clark

NASA's InSight lander will fly from the outer edge of the Martian atmosphere at a speed of more than 12,000 mph to a controlled descent rate of 5 mph just above the red planet's surface in less than seven minutes.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126181101_759015.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126181101_759015.jpg)

The robotic science probe will require the perfect execution of a carefully-choreographed, pre-programmed sequence relying on a heat shield, a supersonic parachute, pyrotechnics, a radar, and 12 fast-pulsing braking rockets to safely reach the surface.

NASA has dubbed the entry, descent and landing the "seven minutes of terror."

"Landing on Mars is never a foregone conclusion, and less than half the times we've tried to either get into orbit or land on Mars, we have not been successful," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:00:12
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/26/insights-entry-descent-and-landing-timeline/
ЦитатаInSight's entry, descent and landing timeline
November 26, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/176_176_edl_1280.jpg)
Artist's concept of the InSight spacecraft streaking into the Martian atmosphere. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA's InSight lander will fly from the outer edge of the Martian atmosphere at a speed of more than 12,000 mph to a controlled descent rate of 5 mph just above the red planet's surface in less than seven minutes.

The robotic science probe will require the perfect execution of a carefully-choreographed, pre-programmed sequence relying on a heat shield, a supersonic parachute, pyrotechnics, a radar, and 12 fast-pulsing braking rockets to safely reach the surface.

NASA has dubbed the entry, descent and landing the "seven minutes of terror."

"Landing on Mars is never a foregone conclusion, and less than half the times we've tried to either get into orbit or land on Mars, we have not been successful," said Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

InSight is reusing much of the landing design pioneered by the Phoenix mission, which landed on Mars's northern polar plains in May 2008. But here are some of the key differences from Phoenix, according to a NASA press kit:
    [/li]
  • InSight will have more mass entering the atmosphere -- about 1,340 pounds (608 kilograms) vs. 1,263 pounds (573 kilograms).
  • InSight will land at an elevation about 4,900 feet (1.5 kilometers) higher than Phoenix did, so it will have less atmosphere to use for deceleration.
  • InSight will land during a Martian season (early winter in the northern hemisphere) when dust storms have grown to global proportions in some prior Martian years.
In order to address some of the differences, InSight uses a thicker heat shield capable of withstanding "sandblasting" by a Martian dust storm, and its parachute will open at a higher speed than Phoenix's chute. The parachute suspension lines on InSight also use stronger materials, according to NASA.

InSight's flying saucer-shaped entry vehicle measures around 8.7 feet (2.64 meters) in diameter, and its heat shield is made of an ablative material composed primarily of crushed cork, which will burn away during the scorching hypersonic passage through the Martian atmosphere.

Landing is scheduled for 2:54 p.m. EST (11:54 a.m. PST; 1954 GMT) Monday, a time that includes an 8.1-minute delay for radio signals to travel from Mars to Earth.

The lander will transmit a UHF signal throughout the entry, descent and landing to NASA's MarCO CubeSats, which accompanied InSight on its launch to Mars in May. If they work, the twin MarCO spacecraft, each about the size of a briefcase, will relay the signal back to Earth in X-band as they zip past Mars on a flyby trajectory.

But the CubeSats are an experimental part of the mission, and they don't have to work for InSight to successfully land on Mars. The primary way engineers plan to receive data from InSight is through the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a satellite flying around Mars, which will listen for the lander's signals during its descent.

MRO is unable to simultaneously listen for InSight's signal and transmit to Earth, so the data will be stored aboard the satellite and replayed back to the ground later Monday.

In addition to the spacecraft at Mars listening for InSight, the two huge radio telescopes in West Virginia and Germany will listen for the lander's beacon transmitted directly to Earth. Engineers hope to measure the Doppler shift in that signal to discern whether InSight has deployed its parachute, and jettisoned its heat shield.

After landing, InSight will send out two signals confirming it has reached the surface: a "tone beacon" through its UHF antenna and a "beep" through its X-band antenna.

"This X-band 'beep' is expected to turn on about seven minutes after landing, and will be a clear indicator that InSight is functional on the surface," officials wrote in the press kit for InSight's landing.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight_edl_chart.jpg)
This chart illustrates the major events during InSight's entry, descent and landing. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
    [/li]
  • 13 minutes, 35 seconds before landing: InSight jettisons its cruise stage before encountering the Martian atmosphere. The cruise stage provided power to the spacecraft during the more than six-month, 301-million-mile (484-million-kilometer) journey to Earth. The cruise stage will burn up in the Martian atmosphere, and InSight will rely on internal battery power until it can deploy its solar panels after touchdown.
  • 13 minutes, 5 seconds before landing: InSight begins a turn using small control thrusters to the correct orientation for entry into the Martian atmosphere, with its heat shield facing in the direction of travel.
  • 6 minutes, 35 seconds before landing: InSight encounters the first traces of the upper Martian atmosphere at a speed of 12,300 mph (5.5 kilometers) per second and an altitude of 77 miles (124 kilometers).
  • 5 minutes, 5 seconds before landing: InSight reaches the point of peak heating during entry, with temperatures on the heat shield reaching 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit (1,500 degrees Celsius).
  • 4 minutes, 50 seconds before landing: InSight reaches the point of maximum deceleration, around 7.6 g, as aerodynamic friction slows the spacecraft.
  • 2 minutes, 57 seconds before landing: InSight's on-board computer deploys its 39-foot-diameter (11.8-meter) supersonic parachute once predetermined velocity and deceleration conditions are met.  The chute will deploy at an estimated speed of 861 mph (385 meters per second), and at an altitude of approximately 36,400 feet (11,100 meters) above ground level. The anticipated load on the parachute at deployment is about 12,500 pounds of force (55,600 newtons).
  • 2 minutes, 47 seconds before landing: InSight's landing radar is activated to begin warming up, and an auxiliary battery is switched on to supplement the lander's primary battery during the upcoming key landing events.
  • 2 minutes, 42 seconds before landing: InSight jettisons its heat shield, which falls to a crash landing on the Martian surface.
  • 2 minutes, 32 seconds before landing: Pyrotechnic actuators extend InSight's three landing legs and lock them into position for touchdown.
  • 1 minute before landing: InSight's radar begins sensing the Martian surface at an altitude of around 7,900 feet (2,400 meters), feeding distance and descent rate data to the lander's guidance system.
  • 45 seconds before landing: InSight releases from its backshell at a speed of around 134 mph (60 meters per second) and an altitude of approximately 3,600 feet (1,100 meters). NASA expects a brief pause in communication from InSight at this time as data transmission shifts from the wrap-around antenna on the backshell to a helical UHF transmitter on the lander.
  • 44 seconds before landing: One second after backshell separation, the lander begins firing 12 braking rockets, pulsing on and off 10 times per second, to slow its descent velocity and null out horizontal movements. The spacecraft also rotates to ensure it is in the correct orientation for touchdown, with its solar arrays extending east and west from the deck, and the robotic arm's work area on the south side of the lander.
  • 15 seconds before landing: Around 164 feet (50 meters) above the surface, InSight transitions to a constant velocity mode.
  • Landing: InSight reaches the surface at a velocity of around 5 mph (2.24 meters per second), and immediately switches off its liquid-fueled thrusters.
  • 16 minutes after landing: After waiting for dust to settle at the landing site, InSight's two solar arrays begin unfurling in a pre-programmed sequence. The fan-like panels take about 16 minutes to deploy, with the activity concluding approximately 32 minutes after touchdown. Confirmation of solar array deployment will be relayed by the Mars Odyssey orbiter several hours after landing.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:04:46
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90644)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:07:32
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90645)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:09:47
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90646)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:22:43
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90647)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:23:21
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90648) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90649) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90650)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:23:38
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90651)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:27:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90652) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90653) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90654)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:28:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90655) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90656)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:32:55
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90657)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:35:59
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90658)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:43:46
Цитата11/26/2018 22:28 Stephen Clark

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is now turning to point its antenna toward InSight to record data from the lander.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:48:23
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90662) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90664)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:49:25
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90661)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:49:42
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90663) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90665)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:50:34
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90666)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:50:47
Цитата11/26/2018 22:44 Stephen Clark

InSight's cruise stage has jettisoned from the lander, heading for a destructive entry in the Martian atmosphere. The heat shield containing the lander is now about five minutes from atmospheric entry.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126194400_494328.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126194400_494328.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 22:53:52
Цитата11/26/2018 22:44 Stephen Clark

Ground controllers confirm the lander is rotating to reach the correct orientation for entry interface, with its heat shield facing in the direction of travel.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:04:53
Цитата11/26/2018 22:47 Stephen Clark

NASA confirms they are receiving InSight telemetry via the MarCO relay, giving controllers detailed info about the state of the spacecraft throughout entry, descent and landing.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:05:54
Цитата11/26/2018 22:47 Stephen Clark

Entry interface. Flying 77 miles (124 kilometers) above Mars at a speed of 12,300 mph (5.5 kilometers) per second, InSight has encountered the outer traces of the Martian atmosphere.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:06:52
Цитата11/26/2018 22:50 Stephen Clark

Four minutes until landing. Ground controllers at JPL continue receiving a carrier beacon from InSight, suggesting all is OK aboard the spacecraft. Deployment of InSight's parachute is expect in about one minute.

Telemetry from the MarCO spacecraft indicates InSight encountered about 8 g of deceleration.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:07:18
Цитата11/26/2018 22:51 Stephen Clark

Parachute deployment confirmed! InSight has opened its 39-foot-diameter (11.8-meter) supersonic parachute. Activation of InSight's landing radar and an auxiliary battery is expected momentarily.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:07:45
Цитата11/26/2018 22:52 Stephen Clark

Heat shield separation commanded. InSight has commanded release of its heat shield, which is no longer needed. This exposes the craft's landing legs for extension.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 26.11.2018 23:08:24
Первоё фото

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9DcfjU0AMIywR.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:09:00
Цитата11/26/2018 22:53 Stephen Clark

Lander separation commanded.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:09:51
Цитата11/26/2018 22:54 Stephen Clark

Powered descent confirmed! InSight is firing 12 braking rockets, pulsing on and off 10 times per second, to slow its descent velocity and null out horizontal movements. The spacecraft also rotates to ensure it is in the correct orientation for touchdown.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:11:38
Есть посадка!!!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90667)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:12:46
Цитата11/26/2018 22:55 Stephen Clark

Touchdown confirmed! InSight is on Mars

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126195510_342109.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126195510_342109.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:21:17
Есть первый снимок с места посадки!!!
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90669)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:24:27
Цитата11/26/2018 23:01 Stephen Clark

InSight has beamed back the first images of its landing site on Mars.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126200101_803957.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126200101_803957.jpg)
(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126200101_955995.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126200101_955995.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:28:14
Цитата11/26/2018 23:03 Stephen Clark

InSight has radioed an X-band "beep" back to Earth to verify all is OK aboard the spacecraft.


11/26/2018 23:04 Stephen Clark

"We're all nominal on the surface," a member of the JPL control team says.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:30:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90670)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:32:26
Цитата11/26/2018 23:18 Stephen Clark

InSight should now be unfurling its two cymbal-shaped solar arrays, but confirmation of this crucial event will not be received on Earth until after 8 p.m. EST (0100 GMT) when the Mars Odyssey orbiter relays a further data package from the lander.

Meanwhile, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter attempted to take a picture with its high-resolution camera of InSight descending toward the red planet under its parachute. MRO captured such a photo during Phoenix's landing on Mars in 2008.

With their data relay duties now complete, the MarCO CubeSats will also try to take pictures of Mars with wide-angle imagers on-board each briefcase-sized spacecraft.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 26.11.2018 23:33:45
Бгг... чит коды   :D  

ЦитатаГлава NASA рассказал, что после посадки ему позвонил кто-то с номера из одних нулей. Это оказался вице-президент США Майк Пенс
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:34:10
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90671) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90672) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90673)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:35:37
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90674)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:38:35
Цитата11/26/2018 23:27 Stephen Clark

Here's a better view of the first image recorded by InSight's instrument context camera.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126202733_063975.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126202733_063975.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:40:27
Трансляция посадки зонда InSight на Марс завершена
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90676)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:41:39
Цитата11/26/2018 23:30 Stephen Clark

A news conference at JPL is scheduled for 5 p.m. EST (2 p.m. PST; 2200 GMT) to provide an update on InSight's landing. You can watch it live on this page.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: zandr от 26.11.2018 23:44:14
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5837754 (https://tass.ru/kosmos/5837754)
ЦитатаНЬЮ-ЙОРК, 26 ноября. /ТАСС/. Посадочный модуль автоматической станции Mars InSight совершил посадку на Марсе в районе нагорья Элизий. Об этом сообщил в понедельник центр управления полетом станции в ходе прямой трансляции на сайте Национального управления по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA).
Посадка на Марсе произошла в расчетное время - 14:54 по времени Восточного побережья США (22:54 мск). Через семь минут после посадки аппарат должен послать первый радиосигнал на Землю, а еще спустя девять минут, когда уляжется пыль в районе посадки, - начать процесс раскрытия двух солнечных батарей.
Также посадочный модуль автоматической станции Mars InSight передал первое изображение с поверхности Марса.
На изображении, выведенном на экран в центре управления полетом через несколько минут после посадки, видны мелкие частицы марсианской пыли.
Район нагорья Элизий в четырех градусах к северу от экватора избран для посадки, поскольку он представляет собой достаточно ровный участок поверхности Марса. На нем расположены вулканы - купол Гекаты, гора Элизий и купол Альбор. Кроме того, в этом районе существуют глубокие впадины - борозда Цербер, борозда Элизий и борозда Гефеста.
Как пояснила ранее руководитель департамента планетарных исследований NASA Лори Глейз, этот район интересен также с точки зрения возможности поисков следов воды.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:48:30
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/11/26/nasas-insight-spacecraft-has-touched-down-on-mars/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight Spacecraft Has Touched Down on Mars

Tony Greicius (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/agreiciu/)
Posted Nov 26, 2018 at 2:59 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/11/touchdown-1024x580.jpg)
Mission controllers at NASA-JPL have received a signal from NASA's InSight lander on the Mars surface via MarCO OR a beep from InSight's X-band radio. In the coming hours, engineers will be checking on the spacecraft's health. A post-landing news briefing expected at 2 p.m. PST (5 p.m. EST).
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 26.11.2018 23:52:50
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/11/26/nasas-insight-sends-first-pictures/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight Sends First Pictures

Tony Greicius (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/agreiciu/)
Posted Nov 26, 2018 at 3:27 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/11/PIA22829.png)

NASA's InSight Lander has returned its first picture from Mars via the MarCO CubeSat mission. A post-landing news is briefing expected at 2 p.m. PST (5 p.m. EST).

Raw Images › (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/raw-images/)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: zandr от 26.11.2018 23:53:25
Поздравляем! Дальнейших успехов!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 26.11.2018 23:59:21
Глазки ему протрите! Хочу равнину Элизий посмотреть!
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 27.11.2018 00:00:34
Почему на этот раз  всего 20 зрителей? А форум всё равно завис.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 00:10:39
НАСА красавчики! Молодцы, чо тут скажешь! Завидую белой завистью...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 00:12:43
ЦитатаMission Control Live: NASA InSight Mars Landing

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 105 минут назад

Original air date: November 26, 2018 11 a.m. PT (2 p.m. ET) See inside mission control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory as signals return from the InSight mission as it lands on Mars. Landing commentary includes interviews with team members.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGD_YF64Nwkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGD_YF64Nwk (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGD_YF64Nwk) (1:30:50)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 00:17:44
ЦитатаMission Control Live: NASA InSight Mars Landing (360 video)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 106 минут назад

See a 360-view from inside mission control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory as signals return from the InSight mission as it lands on Mars. This includes a picture-in-picture view of landing commentary, including interviews with team members.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0yOTanzx-shttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0yOTanzx-s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0yOTanzx-s) (1:30:45)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 00:32:28
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5837952
Цитата27 НОЯ, 00:23
Эксперт: миссия Mars InSight позволит понять геологическую эволюцию Марса

Глава отдела ядерной планетологии Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов отметил, что не ожидается "какого-то серьезного переворота в марсианской науке, но это важный очередной шаг"

МОСКВА, 27 ноября. /ТАСС/. Автоматическая межпланетная станция Mars InSight, которая в понедельник совершила посадку на марсианском нагорье Элизий (Elysium Planitia), поможет понять, как проходила геологическая эволюция Красной планеты. Такое мнение высказал в беседе с корреспондентом ТАСС руководитель отдела ядерной планетологии Института космических исследований РАН Игорь Митрофанов.

"По своим техническим результатам и достижениям эта миссия не сопоставима с Curiosity [американский марсоход], но в науке это важное понимание геологического состояния и геологической эволюции Марса", - сказал Митрофанов.

По его словам, миссия Mars InSight - это изучение внутреннего строения Марса, понимание того, какие потоки энергии идут из недр Марса, какие могут сейчас происходить геологические процессы в масштабе всей планеты. "Мы здесь не ждем какого-то серьезного переворота в марсианской науке, но это важный очередной шаг", - отметил ученый.

В свою очередь, академик Российской академии космонавтики имени Циолковского Александр Железняков уточнил, что любая межпланетная миссия - единичное явление, поэтому новый штрих в знаниях человечества о других планетах, о строении солнечной системы - это и важно и интересно.

"Учитывая то, что эта миссия является заделом на будущее, когда будет организована пилотируемая экспедиция, это тоже можно рассматривать как очередной этап подготовки к такой миссии", - сказал Железняков в беседе с корреспондентом ТАСС.

Он добавил, что миссия даст новые данные о Марсе, о его строении, о климате Красной планеты, о возможных местах будущих посадок.

Миссия Mars InSight
Межпланетный космический аппарат InSight с посадочным модулем был выведен на траекторию полета к Марсу 5 мая ракетой-носителем Atlas V, стартовавшей с базы ВВС США Ванденберг (штат Калифорния).

Станция Mars InSight достигла поверхности Марса в понедельник, в 15:00 по времени восточного побережья США (23:00 мск).

Район нагорья Элизий общей площадью 130 км на 27 км в 4 градусах к северу от экватора избран для посадки, поскольку он представляет собой достаточно ровный участок поверхности Марса. На нем расположены вулканы - купол Гекаты, гора Элизий и купол Альбор, кроме того, в этом районе существуют глубокие впадины - борозда Цербер, борозда Элизий и борозда Гефеста. Как пояснила ранее руководитель департамента планетарных исследований NASA Лори Глейз, этот район интересен также с точки зрения возможности поисков следов воды. Место посадки Mars InSight находится примерно в 600 км от кратера Гейл, где вел исследования марсоход "Кьюриосити".

Связь с посадочным модулем будет осуществляться как через систему дальней космической связи, так и через два микроспутника Mars Cube One (MarCo), сообщила ранее представитель NASA Энн Мэринан. Эти микроспутники весом 30 фунтов (13,6 кг) каждый снабжены восемью микродвигателями, приемной и передающей антеннами и способны передать информацию на Землю с трехчасовой задержкой. Они не будут выходить на околомарсианскую орбиту, а будут способны поддерживать связь с посадочным модулем на протяжении примерно двух недель.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 00:35:20
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/906963884111650816/wzdRwTJo_bigger.jpg)Jason Major‏ @JPMajor (https://twitter.com/JPMajor) 27 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/JPMajor/status/1067162678735589376)

Here's a version of @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)'s first #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash) image edited to remove the distracting debris from the lens cover and some barrel distortion. For aesthetic enjoyment only (and until we see a new version from the lander!) #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9SwK9VYAAIdzs.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:06:58
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90682)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:07:03
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90679)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:07:08
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90680) (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90681)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:07:48
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90683)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:08:50
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067177424004177924)

A lot of cheering in the auditorium as the press conference starts. (Most of the people in here aren't media.)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9gNAAVYAApXiR.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:09:24
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067177615176417282)

Bridenstine: have been on the phone with both the president and vice president. They are "overwhelmingly proud" of the mission.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 27.11.2018 01:09:40
На МКС тоже следили за посадкой :)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:11:32
Поздравления с борта МКС
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90685)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:13:16
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067178319144206339)

Bridenstine: landing seen by people around the world and off it. [Followed by audio from Alexander Gerst on the ISS offering congratulations for the landing.]
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:14:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90684)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:15:06
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90686)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:15:36
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067179461605498883)

Project manager Tom Hoffman thanks team for all the hard work they put in. "Today, it was all worth it."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:16:29
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90687)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:19:53
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90689)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:23:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067180631845728256)

Bruce Banerdt: we're very level, less than 2 degrees of tilt. "It's time to get going."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:24:54
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90690) 

Снимок Марса камерой MarCO
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90691)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:25:25
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067181166711791618)

Andy Klesh, MarCO engineer: this has been a fantastic day for spacecraft great and small.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:26:51
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067181784763379712)

Klesh: no dropped frames, no dropped data from MarCO. Also took an image fro Mars about 10-15 minutes after EDL flying by Mars.


(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1033103993709322240/m7jGqR6X_bigger.jpg)NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL/status/1067181568328790016)

We'll always have #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash). After relaying live communications for @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) as it landed, the tiny #MARCO (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MARCO?src=hash) B cubesat sent back this farewell image of the planet. #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9j9FvUcAEohYU.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:27:11
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90692)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:29:39
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90693)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:30:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067182915128299520)

Klesh: two more weeks to bring down rest of data from MarCO during EDL. Discussing with NASA ideas for extended mission.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:32:19
Цитата11/27/2018 01:26 Stephen Clark

For Bruce Banerdt, InSight's principal investigator, today's landing was a culmination in a career spanning more than four decades at JPL. He has pursued and proposed a seismic research mission like InSight for most of his career, which began in 1976 at JPL as a summer intern.

"People keep talking about my science, and my mission, but ... really (what) we're doing as a science team is for the world. The science that we're doing belongs to everybody," he said.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:33:17
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067184067454603264)

Hoffman: don't have exact figures, but we're very close to the targeted landing site.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:34:46
Цитата11/27/2018 01:33 Stephen Clark

Andrew Klesh, MarCO chief engineer at JPL, has presented an image captured of Mars as one of the CubeSats sailed by Mars minutes after InSight's landing today.

(https://24liveblog.tradingfront.cn/event/2133896437238491672/20181126223302_793341.jpg) (https://photo.24liveblog.com/2133896437238491672/20181126223302_793341.jpg)

The image shows part of the spacecraft's X-band antenna reflector in the foreground, with the rust-colored globe of Mars backdropped by the blackness of space.

"Having successfully brought all the data back from InSight during its exciting entry, descent and landing sequence, what you see before you is an image taken roughly 4,700 miles from Mars at about 12:10 p.m. (PST), 10 to 15 minutes after EDL itself happened," Klesh said. "This image is really our farewell to InSight, our wish for good luck, and our farewell to Mars itself as we continue on to complete our primary mission as part of MarCO."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:37:44
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин.назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067184741055643648)

Elizabeth Barrett: over the next couple of sols (Martian days) we'll assess the health of the robotic arm and checkouts of the insights.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:39:41
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90695)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:42:59
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 4 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067185772409864192)

Hoffman: very happy we have an incredibly safe and boring landing site; exactly what we wanted.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:44:19
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067186291907932161)

Q: how long until we land a person on Mars?
Bridenstine: I'm going to say mid-2030s. That's aggressive.


1 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067186656204201985)

That's followed by a well-practiced spiel on NASA's human exploration plans, including Gateway and lunar return.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:46:49
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 43 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067187563893542912)

Klesh: additional data to come from MarCO will be telemetry from the cubesats themselves, and possibly additional images.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:50:55
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1000084829449408512/6MzM9qW8_bigger.jpg)Jim Bridenstine‏Подлинная учетная запись @JimBridenstine (https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine) 1 ч. назад (https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine/status/1067172157732659200)

What an accomplishment. @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) marks the eighth time in human history we have successfully landed on Mars. The best of @NASA (https://twitter.com/NASA) is yet to come, and it is coming soon. https://go.nasa.gov/2QhCeBX  (https://t.co/7xPjzbqyF1) #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9M3hmUcAAKADE.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:52:26
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 50 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067188915021463552)

Barrett: have a testbed here we will terraform to look like landing site to practice instrument deployment. [Maybe "aresform"?]
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:53:11
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 17 сек. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067189356056723457)

Bridenstine hints NASA planning development of additional communications capability at Mars to replace aging orbiters. [That had been discussed in the past, but "lean" sample return was supposed to be done fast enough to avoid need for additional comms orbiters.]
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:55:35
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90696)
(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90697)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 01:58:46
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/509029699322793984/zWjKFe63_bigger.jpeg)Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1067190124264321024)

InSight and MarCO team members pass by the podium to high-five Bridenstine et al.

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9rwUSUUAM6tTe.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:15:48
Трансляция пресс-конференции по итогам посадки зонда InSight на Марс завершена
 (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90699)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:17:14
ЦитатаNASA Recaps InSight Mars Landing

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 75 минут назад

Original air date: November 26, 2018 2 p.m. PT (5 p.m. ET, 2100 UTC)

Mars has just received its newest robotic resident. NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander successfully touched down on the Red Planet after an almost seven-month, 300-million-mile (458-million-kilometer) journey from Earth.

This is the post landing news briefing at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Speakers include:

Jim Bridenstine - NASA Administrator, NASA Headquarters
Michael Watkins - JPL Director, NASA JPL
Tom Hoffman - InSight Project Manager, NASA JPL
Andy Klesh - MarCO Chief Engineer, NASA JPL
Elizabeth Barrett, InSight Instrument Operations Lead, NASA JPL
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-c8cNKXB4VIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-c8cNKXB4VI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-c8cNKXB4VI) (1:07:30)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:27:12
https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/2018/11/26/farewell-to-mars/
ЦитатаFarewell to Mars

Tony Greicius (https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/author/agreiciu/)
Posted Nov 26, 2018 at 6:14 pm


(https://blogs.nasa.gov/insight/wp-content/uploads/sites/282/2018/11/marco20181126-1041-1024x653.jpg)

MarCO-B, one of the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, took this image of Mars from about 4,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) away during its flyby of the Red Planet on Nov. 26, 2018. MarCO-B was flying by Mars with its twin, MarCO-A, to attempt to serve as communications relays for NASA's InSight spacecraft as it landed on Mars. This image was taken at about 12:10 p.m. PST (3:10 p.m. EST) while MarCO-B was flying away from the planet after InSight landed.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:28:52
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1067197768865849345)

MarCO-A and B have now ascended to 46000 km above Mars on their way out
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:39:18
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-insight-lander-arrives-on-martian-surface-to-learn-what-lies-beneath
ЦитатаNov. 27, 2018
RELEASE 18-104

NASA InSight Lander Arrives on Martian Surface to Learn What Lies Beneath

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/insight_image_pillar.jpg?itok=ax2sHZMG) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/insight_image_pillar.jpg)
NASA's InSight Mars lander acquired this image of the area in front of the lander using its lander-mounted, Instrument Context Camera (ICC). This image was acquired on Nov. 26, 2018, Sol 0 of the InSight mission where the local mean solar time for the image exposures was 13:34:21. Each ICC image has a field of view of 124 x 124 degrees.
Credits: NASA/JPL-CalTech


Mars has just received its newest robotic resident. NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander successfully touched down on the Red Planet after an almost seven-month, 300-million-mile (458-million-kilometer) journey fr om Earth. 

InSight's two-year mission will be to study the deep interior of Mars to learn how all celestial bodies with rocky surfaces, including Earth and the Moon, formed (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/what-two-planetary-siblings-can-teach-us-about-life). 

InSight launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California May 5. The lander touched down Monday, Nov. 26, near Mars' equator on the western side of a flat, smooth expanse of lava called Elysium Planitia, with a signal affirming a completed landing sequence at approximately noon PST (3 p.m. EST). 

"Today, we successfully landed on Mars for the eighth time in human history," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "InSight will study the interior of Mars, and will teach us valuable science as we prepare to send astronauts to the Moon and later to Mars. This accomplishment represents the ingenuity of America and our international partners and it serves as a testament to the dedication and perseverance of our team. The best of NASA is yet to come, and it is coming soon."

The landing signal was relayed to NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, via one of NASA's two small experimental Mars Cube One (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php) (MarCO) CubeSats, which launched on the same rocket as InSight and followed the lander to Mars. They are the first CubeSats sent into deep space. After successfully carrying out a number of communications and in-flight navigation experiments, the twin MarCOs were set in position to receive transmissions during InSight's entry, descent and landing.
(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/31124964067_d0e24e6e8c_k.jpg?itok=mqI1HDPb) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/31124964067_d0e24e6e8c_k.jpg)
Mars InSight team members Kris Bruvold, left, and Sandy Krasner react after receiving confirmation that the Mars InSight lander successfully touched down on the surface of Mars, Monday, Nov. 26, 2018 inside the Mission Support Area at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
Credits: NASA/Bill Ingalls


From Fast to Slow

"We hit the Martian atmosphere at 12,300 mph (19,800 kilometers per hour), and the whole sequence to touching down on the surface took only six-and-a-half minutes," said InSight project manager Tom Hoffman at JPL. "During that short span of time, InSight had to autonomously perform dozens of operations and do them flawlessly -- and by all indications that is exactly what our spacecraft did."  

Confirmation of a successful touchdown is not the end of the challenges of landing on the Red Planet. InSight's surface-operations phase began a minute after touchdown. One of its first tasks is to deploy its two decagonal solar arrays, which will provide power. That process begins 16 minutes after landing and takes another 16 minutes to complete. 

The InSight team expects a confirmation later Monday that the spacecraft's solar panels successfully deployed. Verification will come from NASA's Odyssey spacecraft, currently orbiting Mars. That signal is expected to reach InSight's mission control at JPL about five-and-a-half hours after landing.

"We are solar powered, so getting the arrays out and operating is a big deal," said Hoffman. "With the arrays providing the energy we need to start the cool science operations, we are well on our way to thoroughly investigate what's inside of Mars for the very first time." 

InSight will begin to collect science data within the first week after landing, though the teams will focus mainly on preparing to set InSight's instruments on the Martian ground. At least two days after touchdown, the engineering team will begin to deploy InSight's 5.9-foot-long (1.8-meter-long) robotic arm so that it can take images of the landscape. 

"Landing was thrilling, but I'm looking forward to the drilling," said InSight principal investigator Bruce Banerdt of JPL. "When the first images come down, our engineering and science teams will hit the ground running, beginning to plan wh ere to deploy our science instruments. Within two or three months, the arm will deploy the mission's main science instruments, the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/) (SEIS) and Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/) (HP3) instruments."

InSight will operate on the surface for one Martian year, plus 40 Martian days, or sols, until Nov. 24, 2020. The mission objectives of the two small MarCOs which relayed InSight's telemetry was completed after their Martian flyby.

"That's one giant leap for our intrepid, briefcase-sized robotic explorers," said Joel Krajewski, MarCOproject manager at JPL. "I think CubeSats have a big future beyond Earth's orbit, and the MarCO team is happy to trailblaze the way."

With InSight's landing at Elysium Planitia, NASA has successfully soft-landed a vehicle on the Red Planet eight times. 

"Every Mars landing is daunting, but now with InSight safely on the surface we get to do a unique kind of science on Mars," said JPL director Michael Watkins. "The experimental MarCO CubeSats have also opened a new door to smaller planetary spacecraft. The success of these two unique missions is a tribute to the hundreds of talented engineers and scientists who put their genius and labor into making this a great day."

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The MarCO CubeSats were built and managed by JPL. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES, and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), provided the SEIS instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the HP3 instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center (CBK) of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain's Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) supplied the wind sensors.

Dwayne Brown / JoAnna Wendel 
Headquarters, Washington 
202-358-1726 / 202-358-1003 
dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov (http://dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov/)/ joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov (http://joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov/)


DC Agle 
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-9011
agle@jpl.nasa.gov (http://agle@jpl.nasa.gov/)
Last Updated: Nov. 27, 2018
Editor: Sean Potter
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: benderr от 27.11.2018 03:40:11
примарсился?поздравляю.
фи,мой смартфон лучше фотает! (уж скоро середина 21 века (!))

а че они в форме из сериала стартрек??? :o
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 02:46:45
https://spacenews.com/insight-successfully-lands-on-mars/
ЦитатаInSight successfully lands on Mars
by Jeff Foust (https://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- November 26, 2018

(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-postlanding-illus-879x485.jpg)
An illustration of NASA's InSight spacecraft after the deployment of its major instruments, a process that won't be completed until a few months after landing. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Updated 3:40 p.m. Eastern with Bridenstine statement.

PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's InSight spacecraft successfully landed on Mars Nov. 26, completing a journey of nearly 500 million kilometers and starting a mission to study the planet's interior.

The Lockheed Martin-built spacecraft touched down on Elysium Planitia near the Martian equator at 2:52:59 p.m. Eastern. Telemetry fr om the lander, relayed by a pair of cubesats called Mars Cube One (MarCO) passing by the planet, confirmed that the lander had made it safely to the surface. It transmitted an X-band "beep" seven minutes after touchdown, as planned, confirming it was operating.

"Flawless," Rob Manning, chief engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and a veteran of previous Mars landing missions, said in NASA TV commentary shortly after the landing.

"Today, we successfully landed on Mars for the eighth time in human history," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine in an agency statement shortly after landing. "InSight will study the interior of Mars, and will teach us valuable science as we prepare to send astronauts to the Moon and later to Mars. This accomplishment represents the ingenuity of America and our international partners and it serves as a testament to the dedication and perseverance of our team. The best of NASA is yet to come, and it is coming soon." Bridenstine also noted on NASA TV that Vice President Mike Pence, who was watching the landing on television, called him with congratulations shortly after touchdown.
(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-celebration-336x253.jpg) (https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-celebration.jpg)
InSight team members at mission control at JPL celebrate the successful landing of the spacecraft. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

With the landing, InSight will begin a prime mission scheduled to last two years to study the composition and structure of the planet's interior. The spacecraft is equipped with two instruments, a seismometer and a heat flow probe, to carry out those measurements.

However, it will be several months before InSight starts collecting data from those instruments because of the time required to identify the best locations around the lander to place the instruments, and then to install them in those locations.

"Once we get to the surface, InSight is a slow-motion mission," Bruce Banerdt, principal investigator for InSight at JPL, said at a briefing Nov. 25. "We take our time getting our instruments down. It'll probably take at least two, probably more like three months, maybe even longer to get our instruments down. It's going to us take a month or so to get them all calibrated."

He said it would take nearly the full primary mission to get answers, depending on how many "marsquakes" the seismometer is able to measure. "The more marsquakes, the better," he said. "The more shaking it does, the better we can see the inside."

(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-forstimage-253x253.jpg) (https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight-forstimage.jpg)
The first image from the InSight spacecraft, received minutes after landing and taken through a dust-speckled cover, shows relatively flat terrain around the landing site, as expected. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Problems with the seismometer, provided by the French space agency CNES, caused InSight to miss its original launch window in March 2016. The instrument was redesigned and completed in time to allow InSight to lift off on an Atlas 5 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California May 5.

InSight has an unusual degree of reliance on international partners for a NASA science mission. In addition to the seismometer, the heat flow probe was provided by the German space agency DLR. Those international contributions accounted for about $180 million of the mission's overall cost, including launch and operations, of nearly $1 billion.

"It is unique in terms of just how much is being done elsewh ere," said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA associate administrator for science, Nov. 25. "We believe in the United States that leadership and collaboration are not contradicting values."

For Banerdt, the mission is an opportunity to realize a long-held dream of measuring seismic activity on Mars. Prior to the landing, he recalled being at JPL, as a graduate student, for the landings of the NASA's twin Viking spacecraft in 1976. Those landers also carried seismometers, but didn't provide useful data.

He "got the mission bug" in the late 1980s to do a Mars mission to measure seismic activity there. "I've really been working pretty steadily for 25 to 30 years on this," he said. "I'm a patient person, as well as persistent."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 03:03:42
https://ria.ru/science/20181127/1533551537.html
Цитата"Каждый второй": первые кадры посадки робота-геолога НАСА на Марс
01:17 27.11.2018 (обновлено: 01:21 27.11.2018)

МОСКВА, 27 ноя -- РИА Новости. За тем, как спускаемый модуль InSight совершил посадку на равнине Элизий у экватора Марса, в прямом эфире наблюдали тысячи зрителей телевизионного канала НАСА. Зачем США отправили еще одного робота на четвертый мир Солнечной системы и какие ее тайны он будет изучать, -- в материале РИА Новости.

Эхо глубин Марса
"Моя главная мечта -- услышать марсотрясения. Конечно, есть много намеков на то, что подземные толчки на Марсе происходят каждую неделю, но пока мы не можем уверенно сказать, что это так на самом деле. Поэтому я буду просто плясать от радости, когда мы впервые поймаем подобные колебания", -- заявил Брюс Банердт (Bruce Banerdt), руководитель миссии InSight в НАСА.

Спускаемый аппарат InSight предназначен для первых в истории наблюдений за процессами в недрах Красной планеты. Сегодня он стал официальным наследником другого зонда-геолога НАСА, лендера "Финикс", совершившего посадку на Марс в мае 2008 года для поисков следов жизни и воды в почве планеты.

На борту зонда есть сейсмограф, а также геофизический термометр, который установят в пятиметровой скважине для измерений температуры недр Марса. Один из приборов будет с высокой точностью отслеживать колебания вращения планеты, что поможет определить распределение массы в ее недрах и лучше понять внутреннюю структуру.

В НАСА планировали, что InSight отправится к Марсу в марте 2016 года. Но из-за неполадок в сейсмометре SEIS, изготовленном французскими инженерами и учеными по заказу CNES, запуск сдвинули.

Команде InSight удалось решить все проблемы и успешно отправить зонд к Марсу в мае этого года вместе с парой микроспутников MarCO --1. Сегодня они сыграли роль своеобразных телерепортеров, снимавших процесс посадки робота-геолога на камеры и передавших эти кадры и данные с посадочной платформы на Землю.
Космический тотализатор
Для реализации мечты Банердта InSight пришлось сыграть в опасный "космический тотализатор" -- попытаться сесть на поверхность одной из самых негостеприимных, "проклятых" планет Солнечной системы.

За весь космический век лишь половина аппаратов, пытавшихся совершить посадку на Марс, справилась с этой задачей. Остальные сгорели в атмосфере из-за сбоя в работе систем торможения или же вышли из строя в результате непонятных, а порой курьезных неполадок.

К примеру, у советского "Марса -- 2" не раскрылся парашют, а "Марс -- 3" погиб через мгновения после посадки при крайне загадочных обстоятельствах. Американский Mars Climate Orbiter взорвался из-за того, что инженеры забыли учесть различия между метрической и имперской системами мер при подготовке программного обеспечения зонда.

Посадочная платформа "Скиапарелли", последняя жертва Красной планеты, разбилась два года назад из-за глупой программной ошибки и кратковременного сбоя в работе одного из датчиков высоты. Нечто похожее произошло с амбициозной миссией Mars Polar Lander -- аппарат рухнул на южный полюс Марса с большой высоты из-за преждевременного отключения двигателя.

Зону посадки InSight выбрали с упором на минимизацию всех возможных рисков, в том числе и на последних этапах снижения посадочной платформы. Как отметил Банердт, это стало возможным благодаря специфичности миссии.

(https://cdn5.img.ria.ru/images/153354/09/1533540930.gif)
© NASA / JPL-Caltech (http://www.nasa.gov/)
Анимированная посадка InSight на Марс

"Как правило, когда мы выбираем точку посадки, начинается своеобразная научная "драка", к которой присоединяются все планетологи Земли, -- у каждого свои любимые точки на Марсе. В данном случае выбор не имел никакого значения, так как мы изучаем самые глубинные слои планеты, а они везде одинаковые", -- пояснил ученый.

Это не первая попытка услышать "биение сердца" Марса. Зонды серии "Викинг", успешно достигшие поверхности четвертой планеты Солнечной системы в конце 1970 годов, тоже были с сеймометрами. Им не удалось зафиксировать никаких марсотрясений, однако технологии не стоят на месте, и у InSight, как отметил планетолог, на порядок больше шансов.

Но придется запастись терпением. Хотя InSight уже на Марсе, процесс распаковки и включения его научных инструментов займет еще три месяца.

По словам Тома Хоффмана (Tom Hoffman), главного инженера миссии, посадка InSight напоминала то, как должен был сесть "Скиапарелли". Войдя в атмосферу Марса, зонд раскрыл несколько парашютов, которые помогли сбросить скорость и снизиться до высоты в несколько километров.

После этого включились тормозные двигатели, и InSight плавно опустился на поверхность равнины Элизий в расчетной точке. На все ушло шесть минут. За это время удалось выполнить одну из главных задач погибшего Mars Polar Lander: заснять посадку и передать запись на Землю.
Год на Марсе
Работа зонда на поверхности Марса начнется с фотосъемки места посадки. В ближайшие часы зонд высвободит "руку", включит встроенную в нее камеру и сделает селфи. Эти снимки помогут планетологам оценить, насколько хорошо стоит InSight и как следует проводить следующие стадии распаковки.

Затем еще два месяца участники миссии потратят на выбор места, где будет установлена капсула с двумя главными научными инструментами "робогеолога". Такая неторопливость объясняется тем, что InSight может выполнить данную операцию лишь один раз.

Установив коробку с термометром и сейсмометром на поверхности Марса, робот начнет медленно вбивать бур. Остановить его и повторно начать в другой точке нельзя. Это связано не только с продолжительностью бурения -- примерно месяц, -- но и с тем, что бур и связанные с ним датчики фактически одноразовые.

"Мы думали над этим и решили, что многоразовость слишком усложнит механизм и сделает зонд чрезмерно дорогим. Бур способен обходить небольшие камни в почве или даже более крупные слои пород, если они наклонены на 45 градусов. Конечно, если мы столкнемся с плоской поверхностью, нам придется остановиться", -- уточнил Банердт в беседе с корреспондентом РИА Новости.

Впрочем, геолог считает, что такой проблемы не возникнет. Перед посадкой ученые детально изучили структуру поверхности равнины Элизий, используя инструменты зонда MRO, и не нашли никаких намеков на то, что почва в этой части Марса скрывает много булыжников.

Когда InSight завершит буровые работы, сейсмометр и датчики температуры закроет от внешнего мира специальный купол, похожий на крышку чугунной кастрюли. Это защитит датчики от ветра, перепадов давления, резкой смены температур и других погодных явлений, способных исказить замеры.

Только после этого аппарат начнет собирать все типы научных данных, в том числе и информацию по структуре магнитного поля планеты. К измерениям присоединится также зонд MAVEN, прибывший к Марсу четыре года назад.

(https://cdn1.img.ria.ru/images/151747/49/1517474937.jpg)
© Иллюстрация РИА Новости . Алина Полянина
Миссия InSight

Как надеются ученые, объединение данных посадочной платформы и орбитального модуля позволит увидеть вариации в силе этих полей, что крайне важно для понимания того, как устроено ядро Марса, насколько оно электропроводно и почему у него нет сильного магнитного щита.

Показания термометра помогут ученым решить еще одну важную задачу: оценить, как много радиоактивных элементов содержат недра Марса и как сильно они прогревают планету. Это крайне важно не только с точки зрения поисков следов жизни, но и возможности существования вулканов и других "горячих" геологических объектов.

Последний инструмент зонда -- радиоволновой датчик RISE займется далеким прошлым Солнечной системы: измерит, как сильно "качается" Марс при сближении и удалении от Солнца. Это поможет ученым узнать, остается ли его ядро жидким и где сегодня находятся полюса планеты.

Первые научные данные, полагает Банердт, НАСА опубликует примерно через три месяца после того, как все инструменты посадочного модуля будут проверены и запущены. Более четкие фотографии и видеозаписи посадки InSight появятся на сайте НАСА в самое ближайшее время.

Ученые рассчитывают, что зонд проработает как минимум один марсианский год -- 687 земных дней или около двух лет. Дальнейшая судьба InSight зависит от марсианских ветров, способных как очистить его солнечные батареи от пыли, так и засыпать их, а также от того, в каком состоянии будут его инструменты.

(https://cdn1.img.ria.ru/images/153356/91/1533569197.png)
© НАСА (https://www.nasa.gov/)
Изображение поверхности Марса, полученное зондом InSight. 26 ноября 2018
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Maks от 27.11.2018 10:05:28
Cмотрел НАСА ТВ. Передали, что  через 2-3 месяца они смогут развернуть аппаратуру и начать наблюдения.
Но показали какого-то татуированого, как наркоман. И он им занимается. Ужас какой-то.

«Мы поразили атмосферу Марса со скоростью 5,5 километров в сек (нагрелся тепловой щит до 1500 С), и достигли поверхности  всего за 6 с половиной минут», - сказал менеджер проекта InSight Том Хоффман в JPL. «В течение этого короткого промежутка времени InSight пришлось автономно выполнять десятки операций и делать их безупречно. И по всем показаниям он был нашим космическим кораблем».

Подтверждение успешного приземления не является завершением проблем приземления на Марсе. Фаза обработки поверхности InSight началась через минуту после приземления. Одной из его первых задач является развертывание двух декагональных солнечных батарей, похожих на уши слона, которые обеспечат электроэнергией необходимой мощностью. Этот процесс начинается через 16 минут после посадки и занимает еще 16 минут.

Команда InSight ожидает подтверждения в понедельник, что солнечные панели космического корабля успешно развернуты. Доказательство будет получено космическом кораблем «Одиссей» НАСА, который сейчас находится на орбите Марса. Ожидается, что этот сигнал достигнет контроля миссии InSight в JPL примерно через пять с половиной часов после посадки.

«Мы работаем на солнечной энергии, поэтому получение и работа с массивами данных - это большое дело», - сказал Хоффман. «С помощью солнечных панелей, обеспечивающих энергию, мы должны начать научные операции. Мы очень хорошо узнаем, что находится внутри Марса (пенетратор или зонд будет углублен на 5 м, медленно, словно по нему стучат молотком) в первый раз».
(Странно, но ведь марсоходы изучали дно кратеров , которые лежат намного глубже 5 м. Они взяли  уже хим анализ этого грунта.)
InSight начнет собирать научные данные в течение первой недели после посадки, хотя команды будут сосредоточены главным образом на подготовке к установке инструментов InSight на марсианском грунте. Примерно через два дня после приземления инженерная команда начнет развертывать роботизированную руку InSight длиной 1,8 метра, чтобы она могла снимать изображения ландшафта.(Она прикреплена к корпусу и может поворачиваться и опускать прибор, защитную крышку от пыли, которые захватит 3 или 4 пальцами. Т.е. вы легли боком на песок, ваша рука двигается, чтобы с бока поставить кастрюлю на песок, взяв ее за крышку. Вот так  двигается роботизированная рука.)
«Посадка была захватывающей, но я с нетерпением жду бурения», - сказал главный исследователь InSight Брюс Банердт из JPL. «Когда заработают первые приборы, наши инженерные и научные команды окажутся на месте, начнут планировать, куда развернуть наши научные инструменты.
В течение двух или трех месяцев рука установит основные научные инструменты миссии, сейсмический эксперимент для определения внутренней Структура грунта (SEIS),  теплового потока, физических свойств грунта(HP3) ».

InSight будет работать на поверхности в течение одного марсианского года плюс 40 марсианских дней или  до 24 ноября 2020 года. Задачи миссии двух небольших аппаратов MarCO, которые передали телеметрию InSight, были завершены после их марсианского пролета.

«Это один гигантский скачок для наших бесстрашных роботов размером с портфель», - сказал Joel Krajewski, менеджер MarCOproject в JPL. «Я думаю, что у  спутника CubeSats есть большое будущее за пределами орбиты Земли, и команда спутника MarCO с удовольствием следит за их полетом (траекторией)».

С посадкой InSight в Elysium Planitia NASA успешно опустило транспортное средство на Красной планете восемь раз (мягкая посадка).

«Каждая посадка на Марс сложна, но теперь когда InSight на поверхности мы получаем уникальную науку на Марсе», - сказал директор JPL Майкл Уоткинс. «Экспериментальные MarCO CubeSats также открыли новое направление по созданию более мелких межпланетных космических кораблей. Они  чуть больше  кирпича. Успех этих двух уникальных миссий - дань уважения сотням талантливых инженеров и ученых, которые потратили свой гений и труд в этот прекрасный день.

JPL (лаборатория реактивного движения в Калифорнии) управляет InSight. InSight является частью программы NASA Discovery, управляемой Центром космических полетов им. Маршалла, принадлежит агентству НАСА в г. Хантсвилле, штат Алабама. Marco CubeSats были построены и управляются JPL. Фирма Lockheed Martin Space в г. Денвере построил космический корабль InSight, включая его круизный этап и посадочный аппарат, и поддерживает операции корабля для миссии.

Ряд европейских партнеров, в том числе французский национальный центр d'Études Spatiales (КНЕС) и Германский аэрокосмический центр (DLR), поддерживают миссию InSight. CNES и Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), предоставили инструмент SEIS, внес значительный вклад Институт систем солнечной системы (MPS) Макса Планка в Германии, Швейцарский технологический институт (ETH) в Швейцарии, Imperial Колледж и Оксфордский университет в Соединенном Королевстве (Великобритании) и JPL. DLR предоставила инструмент HP3 со значительным вкладом от Центра космических исследований (CBK) Польской академии наук и астроники в Польше. Испанский Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) поставили датчики ветра.

( Недостаток зонда он не может передвигаться по Марсу, но стоит под 200-300 миллионов $. Смысл экспериментов понятен. На Марсе почти нет магнитного поля из-за того, что ядро почти все застыло. Т.е. магма почти не двигается. Значит на нем будет аномально низкая сейсмическая активность, как на Луне. Только удары астероидов вызовут марсотрясение. На Марсе нет действующих вулканов.
Для инженеров было очень трудно, то что много coтрудников долго работает вместе, а испытать посадку на Марс на Земле нельзя.
Непонятно, как сработают парашюты на скорости 150 метров в сек. Аппарат Марко Браво занял свое положение на орбите.)
https://www.mk.ru/science/2018/11/27/eksperty-obyasnili-chto-naydet-na-marse-amerikanskiy-insight.html
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 03:08:31
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5838112
Цитата27 НОЯ, 01:57
Эксперт: снимок, переданный Mars InSight, позволяет оценить ситуацию в точке посадки

Руководитель научной программы исследований Марса Брюс Банердт уточнил, что благодаря изображению специалисты смогут оценить характер поверхности в точке посадки, а также состояние аппаратуры

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, 27 ноября. /ТАСС/. Первый снимок, переданный после посадки автоматической станцией Mars InSight, дает возможность изучить обстановку в точке посадки и состояние аппаратуры. Об этом сообщил в понедельник на брифинге, транслировавшемся на сайте NASA (https://www.nasa.gov/), руководитель научной программы исследований Марса Брюс Банердт.
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062801236166987776/VwIfJa9u_bigger.jpg)NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 12:06 (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1067147649386598400) - 26 нояб. 2018 г.

My first picture on #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! My lens cover isn't off yet, but I just had to show you a first look at my new home. More status updates: http://go.nasa.gov/InSightStatus  (https://t.co/tYcLE3tkkS) #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds9FEc_U0AguaqB.jpg)
"Мы оценим, какова пыль в точке посадки, - сказал он, комментируя изображение, выведенное на экран в центре управления полетом через несколько минут после посадки. - Мы также сможем оценить характер поверхности в точке посадки, а также состояние аппаратуры". Он обратил внимание на то, что на снимке, переданном с Mars InSight, видна посадочная опора в правой части снимка и корпус - в левой. В то же время он отметил, что пока трудно оценить размеры камней, которые попали в поле зрения камеры.

"До начала сейсмических исследований Марса пройдет несколько недель, - добавил он. - Небольшой наклон аппарата - примерно в два градуса - не помешает сейсмическим исследованиям". В течение нескольких дней будет проведена проверка работоспособности аппаратуры станции, в частности, прибора для бурения для оценки сейсмоактивности в районе посадки.

Автоматическая станция была запущена на траекторию полета к Марсу 5 мая с базы ВВС США Ванденберг в Калифорнии. Преодолев расстояние в 480 млн км, станция совершила посадку в понедельник в 14:54 по времени восточного побережья США (22:54 мск) в районе нагорья Элизий (Elysium Planitia). Этот район в четырех градусах к северу от экватора избран для посадки, поскольку он представляет собой достаточно ровный участок поверхности Марса.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 04:07:38
ЦитатаSpace Station Astronauts Congratulate InSight Team on Mars Landing

NASA Video (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_aP7p621ATY_yAa8jMqUVA)

Опубликовано: 26 нояб. 2018 г.

Aboard the International Space Station, ESA astronaut Alex Gerst congratulates the team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory on the Nov. 26 landing of the InSight mission on the surface of Mars.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3W_KWAm3vwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3W_KWAm3vw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3W_KWAm3vw) (0:35)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 04:12:56
https://spacenews.com/marco-success-vindicates-use-of-cubesats-on-deep-space-missions/
ЦитатаMarCO success vindicates use of cubesats on deep space missions
by Jeff Foust (https://spacenews.com/author/jeff-foust/) -- November 26, 2018

(https://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/marco-marsflyby-879x485.jpg)
NASA's MarCO-B cubesat took this image of Mars fr om a distance of 6,000 kilometers as it flew past the planet Nov. 26 shortly after the InSight spacecraft landed. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

PASADENA, Calif. -- The success a pair of cubesats achieved in relaying telemetry from NASA's InSight Mars lander demonstrates that such spacecraft can play increasing roles in future deep space missions, spacecraft designers believe.

The twin Mars Cube One, or MarCO, cubesats launched as secondary payloads with the InSight spacecraft in May and flew by Mars as InSight landed on the planet. The cubesats, intended primarily as technology demonstrations, were designed to provide a realtime relay of telemetry from InSight during landing, without which it would have been hours before controllers knew if the spacecraft had landed successfully.

Although NASA emphasized the experimental nature of the cubesats prior to the landing, the MarCO spacecraft performed as intended, receiving the UHF telemetry from InSight during its entry, descent and landing phase and rebroadcasting it at X-band frequencies received by NASA's Deep Space Network.

"MarCO was there to relay information back from InSight in real time, and we did that extraordinarily well," said Andy Klesh, MarCO chief engineer, at a press conference at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory here Nov. 26 two hours after the InSight landing. "We had no dropped frames, no dropped data along the way."

In addition to the InSight telemetry, one of the cubesats, MarCO-B, returned an image of Mars taken shortly after the landing, as the spacecraft was passing 6,000 kilometers from the planet. "We had one more gift that we could give," Klesh said to applause from the audience in the press conference auditorium as he revealed the image. "This image is really our farewell to InSight, our wish for good luck and our farewell to Mars itself."

The MarCO primary mission will last about two more weeks, he said. The two spacecraft will return other data collected during the flying, including telemetry about the health of the cubesats themselves and potentially other images of Mars taken during close approach.

The MarCO-A cubesat also indirectly performed science during the flyby as its radio signals were occluded by the planet as it passed behind Mars. Measurement of the changes in signal as it passed through the planet's atmosphere just before and after being blocked by the planet itself could provide information about atmospheric conditions. "With that, we're actually doing atmospheric science as we're passing by Mars, and we'll be digging through that data as well," Klesh said.

The success of MarCO demonstrates that such small satellites -- each MarCO satellite is a six-unit cubesat -- can perform useful missions beyond Earth orbit, opening up new opportunities for such spacecraft in the future. "This team of really mostly part-timers on the project has proven the technology we were trying to demonstrate with this mission, being able to support a large craft like InSight," he said. "We can take a smaller, focused, more riskier mission out into the solar system and take advantage of new opportunities."

NASA has increasingly shown an interest in using cubesats and other small satellites for a variety of science missions, initially in Earth science and heliophysics but now also astrophysics and planetary science. NASA hasn't committed to a MarCO-like mission for its next Mars lander, the Mars 2020 rover, but Klesh said the success of MarCO has opened the door to that and other uses of smallsats in deep space.

"We've shown that this type of craft can support these types of missions, should that be needed," he said. "We'll be working on opportunities as we go to see wh ere they're necessary and how well we can support them in the future."

Prior to the landing, project officials had hinted they were looking at options for an extended mission for MarCO, but were focused at the time on supporting the InSight landing. "We are discussing with [NASA] Headquarters on what we might do" with an extended mission, Klesh said. That included collecting engineering data to assess the "survivability" of the spacecraft and "seeing what other great science and lessons we can pull from those craft."

"We do look forward to those lessons being used on future missions," he added. "There are many future smallsats and cubesats that are in work and funded by NASA at this point, and we look forward to more concepts into the future."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 05:33:33
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062801236166987776/VwIfJa9u_bigger.jpg)NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 2 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1067244283688669184)

There's a quiet beauty here. Looking forward to exploring my new home. #MarsLanding (https://twitter.com/hashtag/MarsLanding?src=hash)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds-c8TlU0AE0pO2.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 06:17:27
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7294
ЦитатаNOVEMBER 26, 2018
InSight Is Catching Rays on Mars

(https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/insight/20181126/PIA22575-16.jpg)
The Instrument Deployment Camera (IDC), located on the robotic arm of NASA's InSight lander, took this picture off the Martian surface on Nov. 26, 2018, the same day the spacecraft touched down on the Red Planet. The camera's transparent dust cover is still on in this image, to prevent particulates kicked up during landing fr om settling on the camera's lens. This image was relayed from InSight to Earth via NASA's Odyssey spacecraft, currently orbiting Mars.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech 
› Larger view (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/insight/20181126/PIA22575.jpg)


NASA's InSight has sent signals to Earth indicating that its solar panels are open and collecting sunlight on the Martian surface. NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter relayed the signals, which were received on Earth at about 5:30 p.m. PST (8:30 p.m. EST). Solar array deployment ensures the spacecraft can recharge its batteries each day. Odyssey also relayed a pair of images showing InSight's landing site.

"The InSight team can rest a little easier tonight now that we know the spacecraft solar arrays are deployed and recharging the batteries," said Tom Hoffman, InSight's project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, which leads the mission. "It's been a long day for the team. But tomorrow begins an exciting new chapter for InSight: surface operations and the beginning of the instrument deployment phase."

InSight's twin solar arrays are each 7 feet (2.2 meters) wide; when they're open, the entire lander is about the size of a big 1960s convertible. Mars has weaker sunlight than Earth because it's much farther away from the Sun. But the lander doesn't need much to operate: The panels provide 600 to 700 watts on a clear day, enough to power a household blender and plenty to keep its instruments conducting science on the Red Planet. Even when dust covers the panels - what is likely to be a common occurrence on Mars - they should be able to provide at least 200 to 300 watts.

The panels are modeled on those used with NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/phoenix/main/index.html), though InSight's are slightly larger in order to provide more power output and to increase their structural strength. These changes were necessary to support operations for one full Mars year (two Earth years).

In the coming days, the mission team will unstow InSight's robotic arm and use the attached camera to snap photos of the ground so that engineers can decide wh ere to place the spacecraft's scientific instruments. It will take two to three months before those instruments are fully deployed and sending back data.

In the meantime, InSight will use its weather sensors and magnetometer to take readings from its landing site at Elysium Planitia - its new home on Mars.
...
2018-276
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 06:19:57
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1033103993709322240/m7jGqR6X_bigger.jpg)NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL) 3 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL/status/1067255524335345665)

Data from Odyssey indicate @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)'s solar arrays are open and batteries are charging. The transmission also included this view from the instrument deployment camera, showing the seismometer (left), grapple (center) and robotic arm (right): https://go.nasa.gov/2KywPRq  (https://t.co/yZqPextm89)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ds-nOJOUcAEC2pD.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Not от 27.11.2018 18:02:36
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Почему на этот раз всего 20 зрителей?
А на что там смотреть? Реактивная посадка, на ножки, с тягой превышающей вес, на малоизвестную поверхность, с маневром уклонения... Тоже мне бином Ньютона, это ж уже тыщу раз проделывали! Вот если бы сажал Элон Свет Маск, вот тогда да - уникально, впервые в мире, невероятно! Сотни воодушевленных хомяков во главе со скромно раскланивающимся Старым  :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: sol от 27.11.2018 09:17:11
Там Куриосити недалеко. МОжет, метнуться ему к Инсайту, селфи сделать напару? Поизучать "следы воды..."
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: KBOB от 27.11.2018 05:32:00
"Кастрюльку" на поверхность поставит не раньше нового года, а "крышечкой" накроет еще через 2 недели.
https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/timeline/surface-operations/
Deployment of Instruments on the Surface of Mars
Arm places seismometer on the surface3 to 4 weeks after landing
Arm places protective wind and thermal
shield on seismometer
Within 2 weeks after placing the seismometer on the ground
SEIS begins science measurements1 week after placing the wind and thermal shield on the seismometer
Arm places heat probe on the surface1 to 2 weeks after placing the wind and thermal shield on the seismometer
HP3 mole burrows to its final depth and
begins science observations
4-6 weeks after placing HP3 on the surface
Routine operations start2-4 weeks after HP3 finishes burrowing under the surface
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Новый от 27.11.2018 13:11:18
Не удивлюсь, если ДОР пошутит про то, что это съемка в Голливудском павильоне и предложит отправить для проверки наш зонд в 2035 году. Для этого очевидно потребуются: средства на новый космодром, новый суперпупертяж, новые двигатели для него, новый перелетный модуль, вероятно с ядерной ДУ, спускаемый аппарат с возвращаемой капсулой и пара андроидов Федор.

Если серьезно, искренне поздравляю всех ребят из NASA JPL с очередной грандиозной победой.
Как же нам не хватает таких успехов...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: benderr от 27.11.2018 14:31:21
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Почему на этот раз всего 20 зрителей?
возможно,потому что там ничего «ливе»(в живую)?

там такойже мультик,как при старте Союза, только нет камер на борту.

все-симуляция,хоть и подогнано по времени.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: benderr от 27.11.2018 14:32:58
ЦитатаНовый пишет:
Как же нам не хватает таких успехов...
это да...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 27.11.2018 13:35:51
https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/26/nasas-insight-mission-lands-on-mars-to-study-planets-hidden-interior/
ЦитатаNASA's InSight mission lands on Mars to study planet's hidden interior
November 26, 2018 (https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/11/) | Stephen Clark (https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/)

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/44247866430_323bd340c4_k.jpg)
InSight project manager Tom Hoffman motions to an image captured by the spacecraft minutes after landing on Mars. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

NASA's InSight spacecraft plunged into the rarefied atmosphere of Mars at a speed of more than 12,000 mph Monday and braked to a gentle touchdown, setting the stage for a two-year surface mission to probe the planet's deep interior.

Cocooned inside a heat shield, the robotic lander weathered extreme temperatures reaching 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit (1,500 degrees Celsius) as it entered the Martian atmosphere, unfurled a supersonic parachute, then pulsed 12 retrorockets up to 10 times every second in the final phase of the descent toward the red planet, finally settling on the surface with three landing legs.

Controllers confirmed InSight's landing at 2:54 p.m. EST (11:54 a.m. PST; 1954 GMT), roughly eight minutes after the touchdown actually occurred at Elysium Planitia, a broad equatorial plain sel ected for its relatively flat surface free of large boulders and craters. It took that long for radio signals fr om InSight to travel fr om Mars to Earth, a distance of 91 million miles (146 million kilometers).

Tense engineers monitored the $993 million mission's white-knuckle arrival at Mars fr om a control center at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, receiving data from the lander via a pair of briefcase-sized CubeSats sent to the red planet with InSight.

The twin Mars Cube One, or MarCO, microprobes were the first spacecraft of their size to fly to another planet, and the CubeSats were primarily developed as a technology demonstration to pave the way for future interplanetary smallsats.

But the CubeSats carried a radio to relay data from InSight back to Earth. The innovative miniature radio, the size of a softball, converted UHF signals from InSight to an X-band frequency to transmit to the ground.

Engineers were not sure the MarCO CubeSats would work, so InSight's planners had two other ways to get data from the landing -- one in real-time using a weak carrier signal received by huge ground-based dish antennas, and another data relay route through the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a NASA satellite flying around the red planet that recorded telemetry from the lander for later playback to Earth.

But the MarCO CubeSat came through Monday, giving officials detailed information about InSight's status as it maneuvered through the Martian atmosphere.

"Ground stations are observing signals consistent with parachute deploy," said Christine Szalai, an entry, descent and landing systems engineer at JPL. "Telemetry shows parachute deployment, radar powered on. Heat shield separation commanded."

Rob Manning, JPL's chief engineer, provided color commentary on NASA TV's broadcast of InSight's landing.

"This is really good news so far," said Manning, a Mars mission architect who has helped lead entry, descent and landing teams since the 1990s. "I'm on pins and needles."

"We have radar activation wh ere radar is beginning to search for the ground," Szalai said as InSight remained suspended under a 39-foot (11.8-meter) diameter parachute. "Once the radar locks on the ground and InSight is about one kilometer above the surface the lander will separate from the backshell and begin terminal descent using its 12 descent engines.

"Altitude convergence, the radar has locked on the ground!" she continued moments later, prompting applause in the JPL control room. "Standing by for lander separation... lander separation commanded. Altitude 600 meters... gravity turn, altitude 400 meters... 300 meters.. 200 meters... 80 meters... 60 meters... 50 meters, constant velocity, 37 meters... 30 meters... 20 meters... 17 meters, standing by for touchdown...

"Touchdown confirmed! InSight is on the surface of Mars!"
(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/insight_landing_art.jpg)
Artist's illustration of InSight firing its 12 retrorockets. Credit: NASA

Monday's landing concluded a 301-million-mile (484-million-kilometer) journey for InSight that began May 5 with a predawn fog-enshrouded blastoff aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. InSight was the first Mars mission to leave Earth from the West Coast, supplanting Cape Canaveral, the typical departure point for interplanetary probes.

Within a few minutes of landing, InSight radioed its first image from Elysium Planitia, showing a flat, mostly featureless landing site, with sandy soils and a modestly-sized rocket near one of the lander's footpads. Protective lens covers on both of the probe's cameras will be released late this week, allowing InSight to gain a clearer view of its environment.

"Today, we successfully landed on Mars for the eighth time in human history," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "InSight will study the interior of Mars, and will teach us valuable science as we prepare to send astronauts to the Moon and later to Mars. This accomplishment represents the ingenuity of America and our international partners and it serves as a testament to the dedication and perseverance of our team. The best of NASA is yet to come, and it is coming soon."

InSight's arrival on the red planet Monday was the first successful Mars landing in six years. The stationary robot joins NASA's Curiosity rover already on Mars, exploring Gale Crater roughly 340 miles (550 kilometers) from InSight's landing zone.

NASA officials were elated with the landing in a press briefing Monday afternoon. More than half of all Mars landing attempts have ended in failure.

"Listening to Christine (Szalai) call out as we got closer and closer to the surface, every time she made a call out, the hairs on the back of my neck would start rising a little bit higher ...When we finally got the confirmation of touchdown, it was completely amazing," said Tom Hoffman, InSight's project manager at JPL. "The whole room went crazy ... My inner four-year-old came out."

At first glance, InSight's surroundings appear to match predictions based on imagery from orbiting satellites. Mission managers wanted to send InSight to Elysium Planitia because it was a safe landing site, and offered smooth terrain for the lander's robotic arm to place a pair of European-built science instruments on the surface.

"There certainly are some small rocks, but those look pretty manageable," Hoffman told reporters after Monday's landing.

Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at JPL, said the lander arrived on flat terrain, with a tilt of just 2 degrees.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Ds-c8TlU0AE0pO2.jpg)
A camera on InSight's robotic arm captured this view after Monday's landing on Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Monday's landing is just the beginning of a months-long process to survey InSight's landing site and deploy the mission's two science payloads.

"We were all certain that that first image would help us determine how difficult of a job we would have in placing the instruments, and I'm very happy that it looks like we'll be able to do it quite easily, we hope," said Elizabeth Barrett, InSight instrument operations lead at JPL.

A fresh data downlink from InSight through the Mars Odyssey orbiter Monday night confirmed the solar arrays on the lander opened and were collecting sunlight, a crucial step in ensuring the craft's long-term survival. Post-landing checkouts of InSight's robotic arm and instruments are planned starting Tuesday.

InSight's nearly 8-foot-long (2.4-meter) robotic arm will place a French-built seismometer and German-made heat probe on the Martian surface next to the lander in the next few months.

The contributions from CNES -- the French space agency -- and the German Aerospace Center -- or DLR -- totaled around $180 million. NASA's expenditures on the InSight mission come to $813 million, including a $163 million launch contract with United Launch Alliance.

The InSight mission's robotic arm was originally built for the canceled Mars Surveyor lander that was supposed to launch in 2001. Other leftover parts on InSight include a landing radar originally built as a spare for the Phoenix mission, and surplus structural booms from the Curiosity rover repurposed for a Spanish-built weather station on InSight to collect temperature and wind data.

InSight will first put the seismometer package on the surface near the lander, then the arm will retrieve a wind and thermal shield to cover the instrument. The heat probe will be deployed last for its mechanized mole to start digging into the Martian crust.

"I liken it to ... playing that "Claw" game at a carnival, but you're doing it with a really, really valuable prize, and you're doing it blindfolded, wh ere you can only take occasional pictures, and then you're doing it via remote control on another planet," Barrett said of the carefully-choreographed procedure to deploy InSight's two science instruments. "It takes a little bit longer. You need take more pauses to make sure you actually have the grapple of the payload before you lift it up, and it's actually on the ground before you let it go."

"This entire process, just getting the instruments to the ground, takes approximately two-to-three months, so it's going to take a little bit of time to get to that point," Barrett said. "And then another couple of months for the mole to penetrate into the ground and to do the fine-tuning of the seismometer, and at that point, we'll be sitting back and listening for those marsquakes and measuring the vital signs of Mars, getting all that great science return. We're really looking forward to that."

Both instruments will transmit data through electric tethers leading to the lander.

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/PIA22227-full2-1.jpg)
Artist's illustration of the InSight spacecraft on Mars, with the seismometer and heat probe deployed. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

"Sensitive is really an understatement," Banerdt said of the seismometer. "It's an exquisitely sensitive device for measuring the motion of the ground. And when we talk about motion, we're talking about vibrations that have an amplitude comparable to the size of an atom.

"These are waves that were generated, maybe, by a marsquake on the other side of the planet, have traveled all the way through the planet, getting their waveform modified as they go through the planet and picking up information about the deep interior structure, and then we are able to pick it up when it comes back up to the surface under the seismometer," Banerdt said.

The seismic sensors aboard InSight evolved from mission concepts in the 1990s and 2000s that would have dispatched multiple small probes to Mars, creating a global geophysical network. InSight will give scientists just one seismic station, but experts have developed techniques to glean information about the interior of Mars, even with a single seismometer.

Researchers have attempted seismic detections on Mars before, but seismometers on NASA's Viking landers in the 1970s provided inconclusive results. The instruments were mounted the decks of the landers, making them susceptible from interference from spacecraft vibrations and winds.

"Not only do you have to have a very sensitive device for measuring those motions but you have to protect it from everything else that might affect it," he said. "We have several different layers of protection, it's sort of like a Russian doll."

Philippe Lognonné, head of the InSight seismic investigation team at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris in France, said scientists do not have a confirmed detection of marsquake, but evidence suggests weak tremors occur on the red planet.

"We have no clear data on seismic activity on the planet," Lognonné in an interview with Spaceflight Now before InSight's launch. "We imagine it because we see faults on the surface. In some places, we have seen wh ere a boulder may have fallen down from a scarp. But again, we have no data."

Lognonné said, based on existing theoretical models, the seismometer could register around 20 or 30 quakes per year, sensing ripples from all types of seismic waves moving through the planet.

"We cover all the seismic waves, and we even have sensitivity to tides, the Phobos (Mars's biggest moon) tide especially," Lognonné said. "We cover all the signals to be generated by a quake."

(https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/678501main_pia16078-full_full.jpg)
Artist's rendition of the interior structure of Mars. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Once placed on the surface of Mars, the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, know as HP3, will hammer to a depth of 16 feet, or 5 meters, a process expected to take around six weeks with roughly 10,000 individual hammer blows, accounting for several planned pauses to allow the instrument to record thermal conductivity measurements.

"If you have an astronaut on the planet, you can do this in maybe 20 minutes or half an hour," Banerdt said of the heat flow experiment. "But if you want to do it robotically, you have to get a little bit more clever."

The metallic mole will probe deeper into the Martian crust than any past lander.

"We think this remote probe can actually go down about 15 feet, which gives us a better baseline to measure the temperature increase with depth and be able to estimate the amount of heat coming out of Mars," Banerdt said.

"And that amount of heat is tied to the geological activity of the planet. It's the heat engine of the planet that drives volcanism, it drives tectonic activity, it drives mountain-building. So all the geological processes that happen on a planet are driven by its heat engine, and we want to measure sort of the vigor of that heat engine."

"We switch on the temp sensors and record the temperature over depth and time for up to two years," said Tilman Spohn, HP3 investigation lead from DLR, the German Aerospace Center, in Berlin. "Taking the temperature gradient, or the rate at which the temperature increases (with depth), gives us the heat flow. Very simple and straightforward, but as planetary science often is, very difficult. The devil is in the details."

Scientists will also measure Mars' polar wobble by analyzing radio signals transmitted between InSight and Earth-based antennas.

"By the timing of that signal, we can track the location of the spacecraft at Mars ... with an accuracy of something around a foot or so, maybe a little bit less," Banerdt said. "To me, that's the closest we can get to magic with science."

With that information, scientists can determine which way the Martian north pole is pointing as the planet rotates.

"Over the course of a year, we can watch the north pole wobble just a little bit because of the core sloshing around inside of the planet, and that will give us a very, very tight constraint on the size of that core and its density, and so its composition," Banerdt said. "That tells us the structure of Mars. The structure of Mars tells us something about the processes that put that structure together. We can put this into our mdoels, extrapolate it to Earth, and understand how the Earth formed four-and-half billion years ago."

Much of the ancient geologic record on Earth has eroded away, but Mars may still hold clues about how it was born, accreted rock and dust, and formed a hot, high-pressure mantle and core as heavier elements sunk deep beneath its surface.

"How we get from a ball of featureless rock into a planet that may or may not support life is a key question in planetary science," Banerdt said. "And these processes that do this all happen in the first tens of millions of years."

Discoveries made by InSight at Mars could inform scientists how the Earth formed and evolved.

"Mars is a smaller planet," Banerdt said. "It's less active than the Earth, so it has retained the fingerprints of those early processes in its basic structure -- the thickness of the crust, the compositon of the mantle, the size and composition of its core," he said. "By mapping out these boundaries, these various different sections of the inside of the planet, we can then understand better how the planet formed, and how our planet got to be the way it is."

InSight was originally supposed to launch in March 2016, and reach Mars later that year, but problems sealing a vacuum enclosure containing the French seismic sensors forced officials to postpone the mission. Mars launch opportunities come once every 26 months, when the planets are in the proper positions in the solar system, so the next chance to send InSight came this year.

Engineers redesigned the vacuum enclosure to eliminate an air leak in a feed-through, or wiring interface, used to route data between the seismic sensors inside the instrument and electronics and communications equipment aboard the InSight spacecraft. The fix passed testing, and officials cleared the probe for launch.

NASA's next Mars mission, the Mars 2020 rover, is scheduled for liftoff fr om Cape Canaveral atop an Atlas 5 rocket in July 2020, and should reach the red planet Feb. 18, 2021.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 27.11.2018 18:46:16
Ссылка на панораму есть?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 27.11.2018 18:58:32
ЦитатаНовый пишет:
Если серьезно, искренне поздравляю всех ребят из NASA JPL с очередной грандиозной победой.
Как же нам не хватает таких успехов...
"Таких, таких..." Хотя бы каких-нибудь. :(
 Что касается грандиозности то по американским меркам это уже не грандиозная и даже не победа а так, рядовое событие. :(
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Alex_II от 27.11.2018 21:36:46
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Что касается грандиозности то по американским меркам это уже не грандиозная и даже не победа а так, рядовое событие.
Если бурилка четко отработает - не вовсе рядовое...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: opinion от 27.11.2018 21:12:29
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
Ссылка на панораму есть?
Ещё даже крышки с объективов не сняли. Крышки прозрачные, поэтому пока фотографируют сквозь них и покрывающею их пыль.

Так что, если это можно так назвать - панорама (https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22159/insights-first-image-from-mars/?site=insight).
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ХВ. от 27.11.2018 22:23:15
Вот же молодцы NASA-вцы !!!

В деморолике впечатлил раскачивающийся под парашютом аппарат. Так натурально сделано, как будто смотришь реальный спуск на парашютое, а потом спускающийся на реактивной тяге аппарат, тоже покачивающийся. И в этот момент воспринимаешь систему управления, как живого человека.

Итак, конец ноября 2018 года посадка на Марс (НАСА), начало декабря 2018 г. - старт Чанъэ-4 с планируемой посадкой на обратной стороне Луны (Китай).

30 февраля 2030 года - старт Российского супертяжа.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: uncle_jew от 27.11.2018 23:52:41
ЦитатаAlex_II пишет: 
Если бурилка четко отработает - не вовсе рядовое...
И не угробит при этом сейсмометр.

Очень стрёмно это всё выглядит - сделали точнейший сейсмометр, способный улавливать колебания в размер атома. А рядом "бурилка" будет долбить грунт отбойным молотком  :o
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: benderr от 28.11.2018 00:03:29
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
Так натурально сделано, как будто смотришь реальный спуск
опыт в моделировании у них дааавний... :D
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Maks от 28.11.2018 06:59:02
XB - в космонавтике, авиации на 12 лет вперед никто не планирует. Вас обманули. Экономисты считают, что никакого супертяжа в России не будет, т.е. не будет денег в бюджете. Т.к. через 8 лет США станет добывать и продавать нефть примерно  50% от всей, что продается сейчас на рынке. Т.е. цена на нефть сильно упадет. В России правительство сделало так, что 40% доходов бюджета  формируется от налогов на продажу нефти. Тупо копируя Венесуэллу.(Если бы правительство направляло больше денег в инновации, то Россия была бы богатейшей страной мира) Сейчас, когда цена на нефть огромная у каждого жителя России уже 3300$ долгов иностранным банкам и компаниям (если внешний долг поделить на число жителей).Поэтому когда внешний долг России станет под триллион евро, то все доходы от продажи нефти будут уходить иностранным банкам на оплату внешнего долга. Сейчас российская экономика существует потому, что может выплачивать долги по процентам иностранцам.

Поэтому, настоящие, а не выдуманные вами события будут:
В Роскосмосе: https://www.roscosmos.ru/

B NASA  https://www.nasa.gov/
Конференция по наyчному оборудованию при следующем запуске SpaceX
Wednesday, Nov. 28, 1 p.m. EST: Briefing on Science Onboard Next SpaceX Launch (https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-highlights-science-on-next-resupply-mission-to-international-space-station-0)

Чиновник НАСА расскажет о партнерстве по новой экспедиции на Луну и Марс с американскими компаниями
 Thursday, Nov. 29, 2 p.m. EST: NASA Administrator to Announce New Moon to Mars Partnerships with US Companies (https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-administrator-to-announce-new-moon-to-mars-partnerships-with-us-companies)
 
Запуск экспедиции номер 58 на космическую станцию
Monday, Dec. 3, 6:31 a.m. EST: Expedition 58 Launch to Space Station (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/future.html)

Запуск космического корабля Дракон CRS-16
Tuesday, Dec. 4, 1:38 p.m. EST: SpaceX Dragon CRS-16 Launch (https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-highlights-science-on-next-resupply-mission-to-international-space-station-0)
Вам надо смотреть сайты Роскосмоса и НАСА, а не журналисткие мурзилки
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Дмитрий Виницкий от 28.11.2018 00:26:40
Цитатаuncle_jew пишет: 
Очень стрёмно это всё выглядит - сделали точнейший сейсмометр, способный улавливать колебания в размер атома. А рядом "бурилка" будет долбить грунт отбойным молотком  :o
И чего сделается сейсмометру, который будет еще в положении парковки?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.11.2018 00:44:49
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/271119562/jcmy2_bigger.jpg)Jonathan McDowell‏Подлинная учетная запись @planet4589 (https://twitter.com/planet4589) 14 мин. назад (https://twitter.com/planet4589/status/1067530850227621888)

MarCO-A and MarCO-B continue climbing away fr om Mars, now 286,000 km from the planet. InSight on the surface taking stock of wh ere it has landed.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.11.2018 01:06:28
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasa-hears-marco-cubesats-loud-and-clear-from-mars
ЦитатаNov. 27, 2018

NASA Hears MarCO CubeSats Loud and Clear from Mars

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/marco20181126-1041.jpg?itok=8BEKatIV) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/marco20181126-1041.jpg)
MarCO-B, one of the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, took this image of Mars from about 4,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) away during its flyby of the Red Planet on Nov. 26, 2018. MarCO-B was flying by Mars with its twin, MarCO-A, to attempt to serve as communications relays for NASA's InSight spacecraft as it landed on Mars.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Full image and caption (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22833)


NASA's MarCO mission was built to see whether two experimental, briefcase-sized spacecraft could survive the trip to deep space, and the two CubeSats proved more than able. After cruising along behind NASA's InSight for seven months, they successfully relayed data back down to Earth from the lander during its descent to the Martian surface on Monday, Nov. 26.

Nicknamed "EVE" and "WALL-E" after the stars of the 2008 Pixar film, MarCO-A and MarCO-B used experimental radios and antennas, providing an alternate way for engineers to monitor the landing. The CubeSats provided information to InSight's landing team in just 8 minutes -- the time it took for radio signals to travel from Mars to Earth. That was much faster than waiting on NASA's Mars orbiters, which weren't positioned to be able to observe the entire event and send data back to Earth immediately.

"WALL-E and EVE performed just as we expected them to," said MarCO chief engineer Andy Klesh of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, which built the CubeSats. "They were an excellent test of how CubeSats can serve as 'tag-alongs' on future missions, giving engineers up-to-the-minute feedback during a landing."
Landing on Mars is exceptionally difficult: Before InSight, only about 40 percent of all attempts by various nations had succeeded. Even if a spacecraft doesn't survive landing, having a "black box" -- or a pair of them, as with MarCO -- to record the event can help engineers design better landing technology.

Neither of the MarCO CubeSats carry science instruments, but that didn't stop the team from testing whether future CubeSats could perform useful science at Mars. As MarCO-A flew by, it conducted some impromptu radio science, transmitting signals through the edge of Mars' atmosphere. Interference from the Martian atmosphere changes the signal when received on Earth, allowing scientists to determine how much atmosphere is present and, to some degree, what it's made of.

"CubeSats have incredible potential to carry cameras and science instruments out to deep space," said John Baker, JPL's program manager for small spacecraft. "They'll never replace the more capable spacecraft NASA is best known for developing. But they're low-cost ride-alongs that can allow us to explore in new ways."

As a bonus, some consumer-grade cameras aboard MarCO provided "drive-by" images as the CubeSats sailed past Mars. MarCO-B was programmed to turn so that it could image the planet in a sequence of shots as it approached Mars (before launch, MarCO-A's cameras were found to be either non-functioning or too blurry to use).

After the landing, MarCO-B turned backward to take a farewell shot of the Red Planet. It also attempted to snap some photos of Mars' moons, Phobos and Deimos.

"WALL-E sent some great postcards from Mars!" said Cody Colley of JPL, MarCO's mission manager, who led the work to program each CubeSat to take images. "It's been exciting to see the view from almost 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) above the surface."

With the mission's objectives reached, the MarCO team will spend the next couple of weeks collecting additional data on each CubeSat. Of interest will be how much fuel is left in each CubeSat and detailed analyses of how their relay capability performed.

There's also sure to be more celebrating among the team.

"MarCO is mostly made up of early-career engineers and, for many, MarCO is their first experience out of college on a NASA mission," said Joel Krajewski of JPL, MarCO's project manager. "We are proud of their accomplishment. It's given them valuable experience on every facet of building, testing and operating a spacecraft in deep space."

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
208-277

Last Updated: Nov. 27, 2018
Editor: Tony Greicius
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Чебурашка от 28.11.2018 10:05:29
Первое фото поле посадки :D

(https://c.radikal.ru/c41/1811/f0/9ea5c1afd18e.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: benderr от 28.11.2018 16:13:59
рысссссь!?? :o
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: DiZed от 28.11.2018 16:25:08
вот и дятловцы то же самое ночью из палатки увидели
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 28.11.2018 18:27:05
Цитатаbenderr пишет:
рысссссь!??  :o
Котэ.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: smokan от 28.11.2018 19:57:26
ЦитатаЧебурашка пишет:
Первое фото поле посадки  :D  

Второе фото после посадки!

 (https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90738)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 28.11.2018 20:10:45
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/887722406483181568/oW78EKXI_bigger.jpg)Emily Lakdawalla‏ @elakdawalla (https://twitter.com/elakdawalla) 7:14 (https://twitter.com/elakdawalla/status/1067798821239906305) - 28 нояб. 2018 г.

InSight sol 1 images have been downlinked. Dust cover still on the ICC (Hazcam). Looks like they successfully unlocked the grapple from the deck. Progress! Gif by PDP8E of http://unmannedspaceflight.com  (https://t.co/XmmbmH5ae4). http://www.unmannedspaceflight.com/index.php?showtopic=8432&view=findpost&p=242176 ... (https://t.co/4Jq1rarIaM)

https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DtGVLM1U0AAh0Jj.mp4 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DtGVLM1U0AAh0Jj.mp4) (0:04 (https://video.twimg.com/tweet_video/DtGVLM1U0AAh0Jj.mp4))
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ХВ. от 28.11.2018 20:30:22
ЦитатаMaks пишет:
XB - в космонавтике, авиации на 12 лет вперед никто не планирует.
Бодро спрогнозировал Макс и тут же сам начал прогнозировать

ЦитатаЭкономисты считают, что никакого супертяжа в России не будет, т.е. не будет денег в бюджете.
Но прежде чем учить других прогнозам, лучше бы внимательнее прочитали мою дату прогноза: 30 февраля 2030 года - старт Российского супертяжа.

Эти цифры Вас ни на какие размышления не наталкивают (кроме тех, что Вы уже изложили)?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Alex_II от 28.11.2018 22:38:00
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
Бодро спрогнозировал Макс и тут же сам начал прогнозировать
Так это не прогноз в области космонавтики - это экономический прогноз...
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
30 февраля 2030 года - старт Российского супертяжа.

Эти цифры Вас ни на какие размышления не наталкивают (кроме тех, что Вы уже изложили)?
В изложении российских чиновников - 2030 год примерно то же самое что и "после ишачьей пасхи" или "никогда"...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ХВ. от 28.11.2018 22:44:03
ЦитатаAlex_II пишет:
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
30 февраля 2030 года - старт Российского супертяжа.

Эти цифры Вас ни на какие размышления не наталкивают (кроме тех, что Вы уже изложили)?
В изложении российских чиновников - 2030 год примерно то же самое что и "после ишачьей пасхи" или "никогда"...
               
                  
В цифрах ключевым является 30 февраля, а не 2030 год.

После цифры 30 февраля можно ставить абсолютно любой год - от этого смысл не поменяется, а смысл в том, что это событие никогда не наступит.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: uncle_jew от 29.11.2018 02:42:13
Фотка аппарата под парашютом во время спуска на этот раз не получилась   :(  

ЦитатаHiRISE (NASA) @HiRISE (https://twitter.com/HiRISE)
1/ MRO's attempt to image InSight on the parachute during its descent was unsuccessful.

2/ The geometry was more challenging than the Phoenix & Curiosity images, and the uncertainty in timing and the limitations on MRO's ability to rapidly pan the camera across the scene motivated the HiRISE team to use a camera setting which unfortunately saturated the detector.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: hlynin от 29.11.2018 09:29:46
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
После цифры 30 февраля можно ставить абсолютно любой год - от этого смысл не поменяется, а смысл в том, что это событие никогда не наступит.
Давно идут разговоры о реформе календаря и "подравнивая февраля.Так что тут Вы неправы. Планировщики недовольны коротким февралём и своего добьются. Вопрос лишь когда
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Дмитрий Виницкий от 29.11.2018 10:39:13
Цитатаhlynin пишет: 
Давно идут разговоры о реформе календаря и "подравнивая февраля.Так что тут Вы неправы. Планировщики недовольны коротким февралём и своего добьются. Вопрос лишь когда
никогда, ибо бессмысленный идиотизм.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 29.11.2018 10:51:37
А что с сабжем? Бибикает? Новые картинки есть?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 29.11.2018 11:48:01
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
А что с сабжем? Бибикает? Новые картинки есть?
По ссылке (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/raw-images/?order=sol+desc%2Cdate_taken+desc&per_page=50&page=0&mission=insight) - фотогалерея НАСА "MARS InSight Mission (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight)". Пока 6 снимков.
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062801236166987776/VwIfJa9u_bigger.jpg)NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 3 ч.3 часа назад (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1068015524553023488)

Slowly releasing all my pent-up tension, starting with loosening my grapple, as these before-and-after pics show. Until I'm ready to stretch my arm out, my camera angles will be the same. Stay tuned though: every picture I take, I'll send to #Earth (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earth?src=hash) here: http://go.nasa.gov/InSightRaws  (https://t.co/tjr8tfaCg5)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: hlynin от 29.11.2018 13:56:01
ЦитатаДмитрий Виницкий пишет:
никогда, ибо бессмысленный идиотизм.
непременно будет. И в феврале будет 30 дней. конечно, не все столь информированы, как я, увы.Лет 60 назад уже почти договорились о новом календаре, ООН подготовила документы и календари отпечатали. Но политики всё сорвали, им просто стало не до этого. И вторично  собирались в 2012 и снова не договорились. Подумаешь, календарь, его сотни раз меняли!
Масса проектов, миллионы поклонников реформ. Непременно будет, календарь вернётся к доавгустовскому виду.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 29.11.2018 14:16:20
Сегодня должны скинуть защитный фильтр с ICC, посмотрим на панорамные фото в хорошем качестве
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ХВ. от 29.11.2018 14:39:54
Цитатаuncle_jew пишет:
Фотка аппарата под парашютом во время спуска на этот раз не получилась
Когда Гюйгенс садился на Титан, фотки поверхности Титана во время спуска Гюйгенса на парашюте получились !
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 29.11.2018 16:02:17
ЦитатаХВ. пишет:
Цитатаuncle_jew пишет:
Фотка аппарата под парашютом во время спуска на этот раз не получилась
Когда Гюйгенс садился на Титан, фотки поверхности Титана во время спуска Гюйгенса на парашюте получились !
Так Гюйгенс своей камерой фотографировал, а посадку InSight планировалось снять на камеру HiRISE MRO. Посадочной камеры на InSight нет.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: ХВ. от 29.11.2018 20:19:13
Цитатаmax_schmurz пишет:
Посадочной камеры на InSight нет.
Причина не интересует. Важно, что нет фоток.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Дмитрий Виницкий от 30.11.2018 13:34:40
Цитатаhlynin пишет: 
непременно будет. И в феврале будет 30 дней. конечно, не все столь информированы, как я, увы.
Никогда не будет. Дураки и «реформаторы» только тратят чужие деньги под видом всеобщего блага. Невозможно ввести разные календари в разных государствах. В эти глупости могут верить только отдельные зелено-голубые толерасты и грузчики-идеалисты.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 30.11.2018 16:21:17
А что с сaбжем? Бибикает? Новые картинки есть?
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: hlynin от 30.11.2018 17:15:23
ЦитатаДмитрий Виницкий пишет:
В эти глупости могут верить
30 февраля вспомнишь меня
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Анатолий Егоров от 01.12.2018 11:59:58
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
А что с сaбжем? Бибикает? Новые картинки есть?
Вот здесь обновляют фотографии https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/raw-images/?order=sol+desc%2Cdate_taken+desc&per_page=50&page=0&mission=insight
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 01.12.2018 12:22:04
Цитатаmax_schmurz пишет:
Сегодня должны скинуть защитный фильтр с ICC, посмотрим на панорамные фото в хорошем качестве
ЦитатаСтарый пишет:
А что с сaбжем? Бибикает? Новые картинки есть?
https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22180/insights-first-view-of-mars-with-the-cover-off/
ЦитатаInSight's First View of Mars with the Cover Off
(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/resources/detail_files/22180_ICCDustCoverOff_C000M0004_596888328EDR_F0000_0461M1_web.png) (https://mars.nasa.gov/system/resources/detail_files/22180_ICCDustCoverOff_C000M0004_596888328EDR_F0000_0461M1_web.png)

November 30, 2018

NASA's InSight spacecraft flipped open the lens cover on its Instrument Context Camera (ICC) on Nov. 30, 2018, and captured this view of Mars. Located below the deck of the InSight lander, the ICC has a fisheye view, creating a curved horizon. Some clumps of dust are still visible on the camera's lens. One of the spacecraft's footpads can be seen in the lower right corner. The seismometer's tether box is in the upper left corner.
JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, managed by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

A number of European partners, including France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES, and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), provided the SEIS instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the HP3instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center (CBK) of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain's Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) supplied the wind sensors.

For more information about InSight, visit: https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/
Credit
NASA/JPL-Caltech

ENLARGE (https://mars.nasa.gov/system/resources/detail_files/22180_ICCDustCoverOff_C000M0004_596888328EDR_F0000_0461M1_web.png)
ЦитатаDownloads

Original (1024 x 1024)
1.39 MB
image/png

DOWNLOAD (https://mars.nasa.gov/system/downloadable_items/42265_ICCDustCoverOff_C000M0004_596888328EDR_F0000_0461M1.PNG)
По ссылке (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/multimedia/raw-images/?order=sol+desc%2Cdate_taken+desc&per_page=50&page=0&mission=insight) добавили 10 снимков, один из них:
(https://mars.nasa.gov/insight-raw-images/surface/sol/0004/idc/D000M0004_596887679EDR_F0000_0546M_.PNG) (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight-raw-images/surface/sol/0004/idc/D000M0004_596887679EDR_F0000_0546M_.PNG)

2 Старый, пока руку манипулятора полностью не освободят, новья особо не ждать - см #667 (http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic12533/message1818108/#message1818108)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Salo от 01.12.2018 12:31:52
Цитата (https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1033103993709322240/m7jGqR6X_bigger.jpg)  NASA JPL‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAJPL (https://twitter.com/NASAJPL)
Talk about a power up! @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) just set a new record for the most energy generated by a rover or lander on #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash) in one sol (a Martian day). https://go.nasa.gov/2KRhn3j  (https://t.co/qzQNE06T5x)
 (https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DtSs5NTUcAAyi2c.jpg)
  16:53 - 30 нояб. 2018 г.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 01.12.2018 19:26:02
От ветра пыль сползает вниз

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/90873)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 01.12.2018 23:13:42
ЦитатаSalo пишет:
ЦитатаNASA JPL ‏Подлинная учетная запись @ NASAJPL
Talk about a power up! @ NASAInSight just set a new record for the most energy generated by a rover or lander on # Mars in one sol (a Martian day). https://go.nasa.gov/2KRhn3j  (https://t.co/qzQNE06T5x)
 
 16:53 - 30 нояб. 2018 г.
Не понял. Какая такая солар пауэр на Викинг-лэндерах?  :o
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: max_schmurz от 01.12.2018 23:47:54
Интересные факты о руке-манипуляторе InSight:

"
InSight's Instrument Deployment Arm (IDA) is exactly the same as the one built for the Mars Surveyor mission in 2001, subsequently cancelled after the unexplained disappearance of the Mars Polar Lander above Mars' South Pole in December 1999. This arm was itself derived from the one on the Mars Polar Lander. The robotic arm on the 2001 Mars Surveyor had been designed not to place an instrument on the surface of Mars, but the Marie Curie rover, an exact copy of the small Sojourner vehicle from the Pathfinder probe that had trundled over the Red Planet in 1997.
Stored in a container for over a decade awaiting eventual re-use, the 2001 Mars Surveyor robotic arm was finally awoken from its long slumber for the InSight mission.

Since there have been many technical advances since it was first designed, refurbishing the IDA to as-new condition and re-certifying it for spaceflight provided Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers with some interesting and unusual challenges. Once out of its container, the arm was scrupulously checked and tested by the engineers before being almost completely disassembled in order to replace certain parts before reassembly. The arm was judged to be in generally excellent condition despite its 13 years in storage.

...

Besides the gripper, InSight's robotic arm also has a bucket with a capacity of roughly 500 g of soil. However, this bucket is not intended for massive excavation works; its main role is to prepare the ground as well as possible before setting the instruments down (https://www.seis-insight.eu/en/public-2/the-insight-mission/instruments-deployment). It allows engineers to shift a stone that is in the way, flatten a little mound in an otherwise optimal deployment sector, or simply check the nature of the ground."

Взято отсюда: https://www.seis-insight.eu/en/public-2/the-insight-mission/the-ida-robotic-arm
И еще интересная презентация об IDA тут: http://esmats.eu/esmatspapers/pastpapers/pdfs/2013/fleischner.pdf
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: mihalchuk от 02.12.2018 12:09:51
ЦитатаДмитрий Виницкий пишет:
Цитатаhlynin пишет:
непременно будет. И в феврале будет 30 дней. конечно, не все столь информированы, как я, увы.
Никогда не будет. Дураки и «реформаторы» только тратят чужие деньги под видом всеобщего блага. Невозможно ввести разные календари в разных государствах. В эти глупости могут верить только отдельные зелено-голубые толерасты и грузчики-идеалисты.
Чего спорите? Ну, перенесут пуск на 31-е, только и всего.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 03.12.2018 12:47:30
https://ria.ru/science/20181203/1539108376.html
ЦитатаУченые НАСА рассказали о первых итогах посадки InSight
12:00 03.12.2018

МОСКВА, 3 дек - РИА Новости. Посадочный модуль InSight опустился на поверхность Марса в удачном месте. Ученые не нашли следов крупных булыжников и других препятствий, способных помешать работе бура и наблюдениям за марсотрясениями, заявили в НАСА (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2018-278).

"Мы надеялись, что мы приземлимся в песчаной местности, где будет мало булыжников и скал. Наши надежды оправдались, и мы очень счастливы. Можно сказать, что мы оказались в марсианской "песочнице", что сделает нашу жизнь и работу нашего "крота" гораздо проще", -- заявил Том Хоффман (Tom Hoffman) из Лаборатории реактивного движения НАСА в Пасадене (США).

Спускаемый модуль InSight совершил на прошлой неделе успешную посадку на равнине Элизий у экватора Марса. Он стал официальным наследником другого зонда-геолога НАСА, лендера "Финикс", севшего на Марс в мае 2008 года для поисков следов жизни и воды в его почве.
На его борту будет работать сейсмограф, а также геофизический термометр, который установят в пятиметровой скважине для измерений температуры недр Марса. Один из приборов зонда будет с высокой точностью отслеживать колебания вращения планеты, что поможет определить распределение массы в недрах планеты и лучше понять ее внутреннюю структуру.

Изначально в НАСА планировали, что InSight отправится к Марсу в марте 2016 года. Из-за неполадок в работе сейсмометра SEIS, изготовленного французскими инженерами и учеными по заказу CNES, его запуск был сдвинут на первую половину 2018 года.

Зонд успешно развернул солнечные батареи и готовится к получению первых детальных фотографий поверхности Марса и выбору точки, где будут установлены сейсмометр и бур-"крот" HP3. Как рассчитывают ученые, все операции по их установке и бурению будут завершены примерно через три месяца.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Старый от 03.12.2018 18:11:32
Панорамуууу хочуууу...  :cry:
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Vi1 от 03.12.2018 18:44:23
Заанимировал положение и отпирание манипулятора в диапазоне солов от 0 (день посадки) до 4-го.
Заметны круговое вращение пятиконечного захвата (сол 1) и шевеление ковшом в запястье "туда-сюда" (сол 4). При открытии ковша видно небольшое угловое смещение между плечом и предплечьем (трубы белого цвета), потом, при его закрытии, смещения в обратную сторону не наблюдается

(https://testforum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/file/91030)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: кукушка от 06.12.2018 22:47:39
NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight)

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Raise your hand if you're in this new photo from #Mars (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)(https://abs.twimg.com/hashflags/MARS_NatGeo_2018/MARS_NatGeo_2018.png) (https://twitter.com/hashtag/Mars?src=hash)! These two tiny chips contain the names of more than 2.4 million people who signed up to fly with me. We're ON MARS, you guys. You're all honorary Martians!
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DtwYahDVsAAsoUP.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 00:03:12
Цитатакукушка пишет:
NASAInSight ‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight

ЧитатьЧитать @NASAInSight
Прямой адрес данного конкретного твита - https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1070757775146283009. Хорошо он счас закреплён наверху твит-ленты, а то можно и не найти...
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 06:43:54
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062801236166987776/VwIfJa9u_bigger.jpg)NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 16:46 (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1070841902302322688) - 6 дек. 2018 г.

One step at a time... Now that I've got my arm out, I can start making a detailed 3D map of my workspace, the area right in front of me where I'll place my instruments. Here's more on what I've been doing, and what's yet to come: http://go.nasa.gov/2QgDFBs  (https://t.co/77p0aLNgfj)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dtxk6_SU8AEBirc.jpg)
(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dtxk7ipUcAExlEX.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 06:52:02
https://mars.nasa.gov/news/8396/nasas-mars-insight-flexes-its-arm/?site=insight
ЦитатаDecember 6, 2018
NASA's Mars InSight Flexes Its Arm

(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/news_items/main_images/8396_PIA22871-web.jpg)
This image fr om InSight's robotic-arm mounted Instrument Deployment Camera shows the instruments on the spacecraft's deck, with the Martian surface of Elysium Planitia in the background. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Full image and Caption (https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22182/full-view-of-insights-deck-and-two-science-instruments/?site=insight)

New images fr om NASA's Mars InSight lander show its robotic arm is ready to do some lifting.
(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/internal_resources/details/original/452_PIA22872-web.jpg)
NASA's InSight spacecraft took a color-calibrated image of its robotic arm using its Instrument Deployment Camera on Dec. 4, 2018 (Sol 8 ). Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Full Image and Caption (https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22183/insights-robotic-arm-over-martian-soil/?site=insight)

With a reach of nearly 6 feet (2 meters), the arm will be used to pick up science instruments fr om the lander's deck, gently setting them on the Martian surface at Elysium Planitia, the lava plain where InSight touched down on Nov. 26.

But first, the arm will use its Instrument Deployment Camera, located on its elbow, to take photos of the terrain in front of the lander. These images will help mission team members determine wh ere to set InSight's seismometer and heat flow probe -- the only instruments ever to be robotically placed on the surface of another planet.

"Today we can see the first glimpses of our workspace," said Bruce Banerdt, the mission's principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "By early next week, we'll be imaging it in finer detail and creating a full mosaic."

(https://mars.nasa.gov/system/internal_resources/details/original/453_PIA22873-web.jpg)
A partial view of the deck of NASA's InSight lander, wh ere it stands on the Martian plains Elysium Planitia. The color-calibrated image was received on Dec. 4, 2018 (Sol 8 ). Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Full Image and Caption (https://mars.nasa.gov/resources/22184/partial-view-of-insights-robotic-arm-and-deck/?site=insight)

Another camera, called the Instrument Context Camera, is located under the lander's deck. It will also offer views of the workspace, though the view won't be as pretty.

"We had a protective cover on the Instrument Context Camera, but somehow dust still managed to get onto the lens," said Tom Hoffman of JPL, InSight's project manager. "While this is unfortunate, it will not affect the role of the camera, which is to take images of the area in front of the lander wh ere our instruments will eventually be placed."

Placement is critical, and the team is proceeding with caution. Two to three months could go by before the instruments have been situated and calibrated.

Over the past week and a half, mission engineers have been testing those instruments and spacecraft systems, ensuring they're in working order. A couple instruments are even recording data: a drop in air pressure, possibly caused by a passing dust devil, was detected by the pressure sensor. This, along with a magnetometer and a set of wind and temperature sensors, are part of a package called the Auxiliary Payload Sensor Subsystem, which will collect meteorological data.

More images from InSight's arm were scheduled to come down this past weekend. However, imaging was momentarily interrupted, resuming the following day. During the first few weeks in its new home, InSight has been instructed to be extra careful, so anything unexpected will trigger what's called a fault. Considered routine, it causes the spacecraft to stop what it is doing and ask for help from operators on the ground.

"We did extensive testing on Earth. But we know that everything is a little different for the lander on Mars, so faults are not unusual," Hoffman said. "They can delay operations, but we're not in a rush. We want to be sure that each operation that we perform on Mars is safe, so we set our safety monitors to be fairly sensitive initially."

Spacecraft engineers had already factored extra time into their estimates for instrument deployment to account for likely delays caused by faults. The mission's primary mission is scheduled for two Earth years, or one Mars year -- plenty of time to gather data from the Red Planet's surface.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 17:54:35
Цитата(https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1062801236166987776/VwIfJa9u_bigger.jpg)NASAInSight‏Подлинная учетная запись @NASAInSight (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight) 19:35 (https://twitter.com/NASAInSight/status/1070884466342522882) - 6 дек. 2018 г.

I don't like to brag, but tell me when you've ever seen a prettier solar panel. (https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/263a.png)New raw images just came down! Check out the latest at http://go.nasa.gov/InSightRaws  (https://t.co/tjr8tfaCg5)

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DtyK8SHUwAE1s7-.jpg)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 20:35:58
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-insight-lander-hears-martian-winds
ЦитатаDec. 7, 2018
RELEASE 18-113

NASA InSight Lander 'Hears' Martian Winds

(https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/18-113_0.jpg?itok=pgYJHmbM) (https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/18-113_0.jpg)
One of two Mars InSight's 7-foot (2.2 meter) wide solar panels was imaged by the lander's Instrument Deployment Camera, which is fixed to the elbow of its robotic arm.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech


NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight (https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html)) lander, which touched down on Mars just 10 days ago, has provided the first ever "sounds" of Martian winds on the Red Planet. A media teleconference about these sounds will be held today at 12:30 p.m. EST (9:30 a.m. PST).

InSight sensors captured a haunting low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind, estimated to be blowing between 10 to 15 mph (5 to 7 meters a second) on Dec. 1, from northwest to southeast. The winds were consistent with the direction of dust devil streaks in the landing area, which were observed from orbit.

"Capturing this audio was an unplanned treat," said Bruce Banerdt, InSight principal investigator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. "But one of the things our mission is dedicated to is measuring motion on Mars, and naturally that includes motion caused by sound waves."

Media who would like to ask questions during the teleconference must contact Mark Petrovich at 818-354-5011 or mark.petrovich@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:mark.petrovich@jpl.nasa.gov) for the call details.

Teleconference audio and accompanying visuals will stream live on NASA's website (http://www.nasa.gov/live). A follow-along page is available at:

https://www.nasa.gov/insightmarswind
Two very sensitive sensors on the spacecraft detected these wind vibrations: an air pressure sensor inside the lander and a seismometer sitting on the lander's deck, awaiting deployment by InSight's robotic arm. The two instruments recorded the wind noise in different ways. The air pressure sensor, part of the Auxiliary Payload Sensor Subsystem (APSS), which will collect meteorological data, recorded these air vibrations directly. The seismometer recorded lander vibrations caused by the wind moving over the spacecraft's solar panels, which are each 7 feet (2.2 meters) in diameter and stick out from the sides of the lander like a giant pair of ears.

This is the only phase of the mission during which the seismometer, called the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/seis/)), will be capable of detecting vibrations generated directly by the lander. In a few weeks, it will be placed on the Martian surface by InSight's robotic arm, then covered by a domed shield to protect it from wind and temperature changes. It still will detect the lander's movement, though channeled through the Martian surface. For now, it's recording vibrational data that scientists later will be able to use to cancel out noise from the lander when SEIS is on the surface, allowing them to detect better actual marsquakes.

When earthquakes occur on Earth, their vibrations, which bounce around inside our planet, make it "ring" similar to how a bell creates sound. InSight will see if tremors, or marsquakes, have a similar effect on Mars. SEIS will detect these vibrations that will tell us about the Red Planet's deep interior. Scientists hope this will lead to new information on the formation of the planets in our solar system, perhaps even of our own planet.

SEIS, provided by the French Space Agency CNES, includes two sets of seismometers. Those contributed by the French will be used once SEIS is deployed from the deck of the lander. But SEIS also includes short period (SP) silicon sensors developed by Imperial College London with electronics from Oxford University in the United Kingdom. These sensors can work while on the deck of the lander and are capable of detecting vibrations up to frequencies of nearly 50 hertz, at the lower range of human hearing.

"The InSight lander acts like a giant ear," said Tom Pike, InSight science team member and sensor designer at Imperial College London. "The solar panels on the lander's sides respond to pressure fluctuations of the wind. It's like InSight is cupping its ears and hearing the Mars wind beating on it. When we looked at the direction of the lander vibrations coming from the solar panels, it matches the expected wind direction at our landing site."

Pike compared the effect to a flag in the wind. As a flag breaks up the wind, it creates oscillations in air pressure that the human ear perceives as flapping. Separately, APSS records changes in pressure directly from the thin Martian air.

"That's literally what sound is -- changes in air pressure," said Don Banfield InSight's science lead for APSS from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. "You hear that whenever you speak to someone across the room."

Unlike the vibrations recorded by the short period sensors, audio from APSS is about 10 hertz, below the range of human hearing.

The raw audio sample from the seismometer was released unaltered; a second version was raised two octaves to be more perceptible to the human ear - especially when heard through laptop or mobile speakers. The second audio sample from APSS was sped up by a factor of 100, which shifted it up in frequency.

An even clearer sound from Mars is yet to come. In just a couple years, NASA's Mars 2020 rover is scheduled to land with two microphones on board. The first, provided by JPL (https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/mission/technology/entry-descent-landing/#EDL-Cameras-Microphone), is included specifically to record, for the first time, the sound of a Mars landing. The second is part of the SuperCam (https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/mission/instruments/supercam/) and will be able to detect the sound of the instrument's laser as it zaps different materials. This will help identify these materials based on the change in sound frequency.

JPL manages InSight for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. InSight is part of NASA's Discovery Program, which is managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

A number of European partners, including CNES and the German Aerospace Center, support the InSight mission. CNES and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris provided SEIS, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 (https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/mission/instruments/hp3/)) instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain's Centro de Astrobiología supplied the wind sensors.

Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico and Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie in France are responsible for delivering the SuperCam instrument to NASA. The SuperCam microphone is provided by Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, a French higher education institution.

Dwayne Brown / JoAnna Wendel
Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1726 / 202-358-1003
dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov (mailto:dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov)/ joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov (mailto:joanna.r.wendel@nasa.gov)

Andrew Good
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-2433
andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov (mailto:andrew.c.good@jpl.nasa.gov)
Last Updated: Dec. 7, 2018
Editor: Katherine Brown
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 07.12.2018 21:51:42
https://tass.ru/kosmos/5886991
Цитата7 ДЕК, 20:34 Обновлено 21:25
NASA впервые смогло записать шум ветра на Марсе

Станция Mars InSight записала и отправила на Землю шум ветра

ВАШИНГТОН, 7 декабря. /ТАСС/. Американская автоматическая межпланетная станция Mars InSight, совершившая ранее посадку на Марсе, впервые смогла записать и отправить на Землю шум ветра на Марсе. Об этом сообщил в пятницу директор NASA Джим Брайденстайн в своем Twitter (https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine/status/1071087175293386753).

"Люди никогда ранее не слышали шум ветра на Марсе! Послушайте шум ветра на Марсе, который записал Mars InSight" - написал он, разместив в сообщении ссылку на соответствующую запись на сайте Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства.

Как отметили в ведомстве, 1 декабря датчики станции смогли записать "низкочастотный рокот, вызванный порывами ветра", скорость которого составляла от 5 м/с до 7 м/с. Ветер дул с северо-запада на юго-восток. "Одна из задач нашей миссии - измерение параметров движения на Марсе, и, безусловно, к этому относится и движение, вызванное звуковыми волнами", - отметил руководитель научной программы исследований Марса Брюс Банердт.
На прошлой неделе станция Mars InSight, преодолев расстояние в 480 млн км, совершила посадку на поверхность Красной планеты. Уже через семь минут после посадки она передала на Землю первый фотоснимок. Станция начнет проводить сейсмические исследования Марса примерно через два-три месяца, а в целом программа изучения Красной планеты рассчитана на два года. Собранные станцией данные позволят построить трехмерную модель глубинных слоев Марса и расширят представления о формировании и эволюции планет Солнечной системы.

Автоматическая станция Mars InSight, создание которой обошлось в $828 млн, была запущена 5 мая с базы ВВС США Ванденберг в штате Калифорния.
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.12.2018 00:53:16
ЦитатаSounds of Mars: NASA's InSight Senses Martian Wind

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Опубликовано: 7 дек. 2018 г.

Listen to Martian wind blow across NASA's InSight lander. The spacecraft's seismometer and air pressure sensor picked up vibrations from 10-15 mph (16-24 kph) winds as they blew across Mars' Elysium Planitia on Dec. 1, 2018.

The seismometer readings are in the range of human hearing, but are nearly all bass and difficult to hear on laptop speakers and mobile devices. We provide the original audio and a version pitched up by two octaves to make them audible on mobile devices. Playback is suggested on a sound system with a subwoofer or through headphones. Readings from the air pressure sensor have been sped up by a factor of 100 times to make them audible. For full-length uncompressed .wav files, visit NASA.gov/sounds
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yT50Q_Zbf3shttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yT50Q_Zbf3s (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yT50Q_Zbf3s) (1:39)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: tnt22 от 08.12.2018 01:00:11
ЦитатаNASA's InSight "Hears" the Sound of Mars (media telecon + visuals)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw)

Трансляция началась 4 часа назад

Original air date: Dec. 7, 2018 at 12:30 p.m. ET (9:30 a.m. PT, 1630 UTC)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2otHin-DESghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2otHin-DESg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2otHin-DESg) (43:41)
Название: InSight, новая марсианская миссия -- 05.05.2018
Отправлено: Maks от 09.12.2018 02:41:12
Это колоссальное событие. Человечество впервые в истории услышало шум ветра на Марсе. Он есть на всех планетах и крупных спутниках.
Т.к. атмосфера разряжена. Колебания давления приводят к сильным колебаниям температуры на Марсе. Преставьте, что при ветре температура падала бы и росла на 20 градусов. Если бы на Марс сбросили 100 кубических километров водяного льда, например доставленного со спутника Европы, или кометы, то на Марсе была бы атомосфера близкая к той, что в высокогорье на Земле. Частота колебаний бы увеличилась.

Начата работа по созданию  программы на супер