Бюджет NASA-2020

Автор tnt22, 11.03.2019 19:32:50

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tnt22

Опубликован документ "FISCAL YEAR 2020. BUDGET OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT"

budget-fy2020.pdf - 1.9 MB, 150 стр, 2019-03-08 16:12:21 UTC


tnt22

ЦитатаJeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust 9:14 - 11 мар. 2019 г.

A quick and dirty comparison of the final FY19 appropriations for NASA and the FY20 request. Science takes a big hit (down $600M). Among the big winners are the more institutional accounts, like services and construction. All values in millions.


tnt22

https://spacenews.com/nasa-budget-proposal-targets-sls/
ЦитатаNASA budget proposal targets SLS
by Jeff Foust -- March 11, 2019


The first launch of the SLS would now take place in the "early 2020s," according to the administration's fiscal year 2020 budget request, while deferring work on the Block 1B version. Credit: NASA

Updated 12:25 p.m. Eastern.

WASHINGTON -- The White House's fiscal year 2020 budget request for NASA proposes to delay work on an upgraded version of the Space Launch System and would transfer some of that vehicle's payloads to other rockets.

The proposal, released by the Office of Management and Budget March 11, offers a total of $21 billion for the space agency, a decrease of $500 million over what Congress appropriated in the final fiscal year 2019 spending bill signed into law Feb. 15.

A major element of the proposal is to defer work on the Block 1B version of the SLS, which would increase the rocket's performance by replacing its existing Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage with the more powerful Exploration Upper Stage. The budget "instead focuses the program on the completion of the initial version of the SLS and supporting a reliable SLS and Orion annual flight cadence," the OMB budget stated. The first SLS/Orion mission, without a crew, is now planned for the "early 2020s," according to the budget, an apparent slip from the planned 2020 launch of Exploration Mission 1.

NASA had previously planned to use the Block 1B version of SLS to launch elements of its lunar Gateway, using a "co-manifesting" capability enabled by the rocket's greater performance. Instead, according to the budget document, those components will be launched on "competitively procured vehicles, complementing crew transport flights on the SLS and Orion."

"This approach would accelerate commercial lunar delivery capabilities critical to U.S. exploration objectives and speed up the timeline for lunar surface exploration," the budget document stated. Overall, the budget seeks $1.78 billion for SLS, about $375 million less than what the program received in 2019.

The budget proposal would also remove one non-exploration payload from the SLS manifest. The proposal offers $600 million for the Europa Clipper mission, enabling a launch in 2023. However, NASA would instead seek to launch the mission on a commercial launch vehicle rather than SLS, a move it claims "would save over $700 million, allowing multiple new activities to be funded across the Agency." The fiscal year 2019 budget request also proposed a commercial launch of Europa Clipper, but Congress placed into law in the final funding bill the requirement to use SLS for that mission.

The budget proposal includes another effort to cancel other agency programs. The budget proposal seeks no funding for the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), the next flagship astronomy mission after the James Webb Space Telescope. That mission was also proposed for cancellation in the 2019 budget proposal but funded by Congress.

The budget requests to end funding for the Office of STEM Engagement, the new name of the Office of Education. The White House sought to close NASA's education office in the 2018 and 2019 budget requests, and both times faced strong bipartisan criticism of the move. The proposal seeks to cancel two unnamed Earth science missions, again paralleling proposals in the 2018 and 2019 budget requests ultimately rejected by Congress. NASA budget documents identified those Earth science missions as CLARREO Pathfinder and PACE, which were also targeted for cancellation in the 2018 and 2019 requests.

The budget does include some new initiatives. One seeks $363 million to start development of large lunar landers that would deliver cargo, and ultimately crews, to the surface of the moon. NASA recently requested proposals for studies from industry on the development of such landers.

The proposal makes no reference to ending direct federal funding of the International Space Station, as proposed in the 2019 request. "By 2025, the Budget envisions commercial capabilities on the International Space Station as well as new commercial facilities and platforms to continue the American presence in Earth orbit," the document states. The proposal does include funding for a new Communications Services Program that would purchase commercial communications services to return data from NASA science missions.


zandr

12.03.2019 07:35:50 #3 Последнее редактирование: 12.03.2019 17:42:29 от zandr
https://tass.ru/kosmos/6207322
ЦитатаВАШИНГТОН, 11 марта. /ТАСС/. Администрация США запросила у Конгресса $21 млрд на финансирование Национального управления по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) в 2020 финансовом году, который начнется 1 октября. Об этом говорится в опубликованном в понедельник на сайте NASA бюджетном запросе.
Белый дом "запрашивает $21 млрд для NASA, что на $283 млн или на 1,4% больше, чем в 2019 году", отмечается на сайте. При этом в нынешнем финансовом году законодатели выделили на финансирование управления на $500 млн больше, чем сейчас затребовала администрация.
Бюджет предусматривает финансирование программ по изучению планет в размере $2,6 млрд. В эту сумму входит около $600 млн, предназначенных для запланированной на 2023 год экспедиции NASA на Европу - шестой по счету спутник Юпитера. "Отправив эту миссию на коммерческой ракете-носителе, NASA сэкономит более $700 млн, что позволит выделить дополнительное финансирование деятельности управления", - говорится в документе.
В целом в бюджет заложено $1,78 млрд на новые ракеты Space Launch System, которые проектируются с участием частного сектора уже под использование двигателей от Shuttle. Это примерно на $375 млн меньше, чем данная программа получила на 2019 финансовый год от Конгресса.

Очередной отказ от телескопа
При этом бюджет не предусматривает финансирование программы по отправке в космос телескопа WFIRST (Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope, Широкоугольный инфракрасный исследовательский телескоп). В бюджетном запросе на 2019 год администрация также предложила отказаться от этой миссии, но Конгресс решил ее профинансировать.
 "WFIRST ":
WFIRST сможет наблюдать в 100 раз больший участок пространства, чем ныне действующий телескоп Hubble, доставленный на орбиту еще в 1990 году. Ученые NASA рассчитывают получить с его помощью информацию не только об экзопланетах, но и о так называемой темной материи, о строении и эволюции Вселенной. Запуск телескопа WFIRST, создание которого обойдется примерно в $3,3 млрд, запланирован на 2024-2026 годы.
Вашингтонская администрация не указывает на прекращение прямого федерального финансирования Международной космической станции, как это предлагалось в запросе от 2019 года. "К 2025 году бюджет предусматривает коммерческий потенциал на МКС, а также новые коммерческие объекты и платформы для продолжения американского присутствия на орбите Земли", - говорится в распространенном в понедельник документе.
Президентский проект бюджета представляет собой направленный Конгрессу запрос, в котором говорится о приоритетах нынешней администрации. Законодатели Палаты представителей и Сената Конгресса сами разрабатывают и утверждают правительственные расходы, после чего итоговый документ подписывает или отклоняет глава государства.

tnt22

ЦитатаJeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust 8 ч. назад

"This is a great budget for NASA," NASA CFO Jeff DeWit says leading off a media telecon.


8 ч. назад

The detailed budget justification document (100s of pages) for the NASA FY20 request will be released next Monday, deputy CFO Andrew Hunter says.


7 ч. назад

Hunter says a "realistic" launch readiness date for the first SLS mission will come in the spring.


7 ч. назад

Hunter: $592M in the budget proposal for Europa Clipper. Nothing for a follow-on lander. (Also the case in the FY19 budget, but it did get funded by Congress.)


7 ч. назад

Hunter: $109M in budget for future Mars activities, mostly for Mars Sample Return.

tnt22

https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/03/11/nasa-unveils-21-billion-trump-administration-fiscal-year-2020-budget-request/
ЦитатаNASA unveils $21 billion Trump administration fiscal year 2020 budget request
March 11, 2019William Harwood

STORY WRITTEN FOR CBS NEWS & USED WITH PERMISSION


NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine speaks during an event at NASA Headquarters in February. Credit: NASA/Joel Kowsky

President Trump's fiscal 2020 budget request includes $21.02 billion for NASA, funding the agency's ongoing efforts to develop commercial spacecraft and infrastructure in low-Earth orbit and to press ahead with construction and launch of the world's most powerful rocket and the Orion crew ships that will carry astronauts back to the moon.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, speaking to agency workers at the Kennedy Space Center Monday, also said the budget proposal fully funds a mini outpost known as Gateway that will be launched into lunar orbit in the 2020s, along with landers to carry payloads -- and eventually astronauts -- back to the lunar surface for extended exploration.

Bridenstine said the budget request reflects the priorities of Space Policy Directive 1, signed by President Trump in December 2017, which calls for NASA to encourage the commercialization of low-Earth orbit, including operations aboard the International Space Station, while focusing on long-range plans to retirn to the moon and, eventually, Mars.

If NASA stays on its current course -- and if Congress continues its support -- astronauts will land on the moon by 2028, according to a budget overview chart.

With the focus solidly on increased commercial operations close to home and a push to return astronauts to the moon, the budget favors human exploration with the agency's space science budget taking a $600 million hit compared to the 2019 budget.

As such, the budget would provide $1.458 billion for ongoing operations with the International Space Station and $1.828 billion for space transportation, including ongoing development of SpaceX's commercially developed Crew Dragon and Boeing's CST-100 Starliner ferry ships.

SpaceX's Crew Dragon just completed its first unpiloted test flight to the station and Boeing plans to follow suit later this spring. If all goes well, astronauts could begin launching on the Crew Dragon as early as mid summer, eight years after the space shuttle was retired. The first piloted Starliner flights are expected in the fall.

Once one or both spacecraft are declared operational, NASA will be able to end its sole reliance on Russian Soyuz spacecraft to carry astronauts to and fr om the space station.

"We just saw a SpaceX Crew Dragon dock with the International Space Station, deliver some cargo, ultimately do a lot of tests, undock, fly home and land safely," Bridenstine said. "That is a first step in a much longer mission for NASA to become one customer of many customers in low-Earth orbit in a robust commercial marketplace."

The result, Bridenstine hopes, will be "multiple providers competing on cost and innovation."

"We need to drive down costs, we need to increase access, we need to make spaceflight more available to more people, that includes commercial activities," he said. "We're talking about manufacturing, we're talking about tourism, we're talking about pharmaceuticals, maybe fiber optics. We need to develop that very robust commercial marketplace in low-Earth orbit."

With the establishment of private-sector operations near Earth, operations NASA can rely on for the more "routine" aspects of space transportation, the agency will focus on implementing an ambitious deep space exploration program.


Artist's illustration of the Space Launch System. Credit: NASA

The fiscal 2020 budget request includes $3.441 billion to continue development of the gargantuan Space Launch System -- SLS -- super booster and the Orion crew capsules it will carry to lunar orbit, along with ground systems and software.

"SLS is not reusable, but it is a critical piece of the architecture that enables us to deliver reusability to the moon," Bridenstine said. "We're talking about launching Gateway and Orion and the European service module, all of these things are part of a reusable architecture."

As for SLS, scheduled for its first test flight in 2020 and the program's first piloted flight in 2022, "we're talking about a rocket that's bigger than any rocket that's ever been built in human history, with a payload fairing capable of carrying volumes that we've never seen before, taller than the Statue of Liberty," he said.

The new rocket will carry "not just astronauts to the moon, but at the same time co-manifested payloads. This is a transformational strategic capability for the United States of America."

The budget includes $1.580 billion for public-private development of reusable piloted moon landers, Gateway's solar electric power and propulsion module and other major components enabling astronauts to make short visits starting in 2024.

The budget request maintains NASA's focus on Mars exploration, fully funding the Mars 2020 rover, which will look for signs of past biological activity on the red planet and store soil and rock samples for return to Earth aboard a future spacecraft.

"This is an amazing capability," Bridenstine said. "For the first time, we're going to cache samples of Mars for an eventual return. We're also going to figure out how do we use the carbon dioxide on Mars to create oxygen that eventually humans will be able to breathe. ... Mars 2020 is fully funded in this budget request."

Other planetary science initiatives include Mars sample return studies and the Europa Clipper, scheduled for launch in 2023 and designed to make multiple flybys of Jupiter's moon Europa wh ere an icy crust hides a possibly habitable sub-surface ocean.

NASA's most ambitious -- and at $9.66 billion by far the most expensive -- space science mission is the James Webb Space Telescope. Years behind schedule because of technical issues and management miscues, the James Webb is undergoing final tests and checkout before a planned launch in 2021. It would receive $352.6 million in the 2019 budget.

"It has been a challenge for me, as your NASA administrator, to go up to the hill and talk about the James Webb Space Telescope," Bridenstine said. "Some of you might have seen those hearings, and they're not fun. But I will also tell you this: this administration is committed to the James Webb Space Telescope, and we have bipartisan support."

triage

Не было
Цитатаhttps://www.nasa.gov/news/budget/index.html

FY 2020 Budget Request (released March 11, 2019)
Web Feature: "We Are Going Forward to The Moon"
FY 2020 Budget Summary Briefing (2 MB PDF)
FY 2020 Budget Agency Fact Sheet (300 KB PDF)
FY 2020 Budget Mission Fact Sheet  (510 KB PDF)
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine's Statement on the FY 2020 Budget
Video: NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine's Remarks on the FY 2020 Budget
...
FY 2020 Budget Media Telecon Transcript

tnt22

ЦитатаJim Bridenstine Testifies on FY2020 Budget Request

NASA Video

Опубликовано: 2 апр. 2019 г.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine responded to questions at a Congressional hearing about the agency's FY2020 budget request.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ma6gOQDMIohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ma6gOQDMIo (2:39:15)

tnt22

Коррекция бюджета

nasa_fy_2020_budget_amendment_summary.pdf - 497.9 KB, 1 стр, 2019-05-13 22:35:25 UTC


tnt22

https://tass.ru/kosmos/6425730
Цитата14 МАЯ, 00:46 Обновлено 01:17
Трамп принял решение выделить NASA дополнительно $1,6 млрд на освоение Луны и Марса

По словам директора NASA Джима Брайденстайна, такая помощь необходима для того, чтобы отправить еще одного мужчину и первую женщину на Луну

ВАШИНГТОН, 14 мая. /ТАСС/. Президент Дональд Трамп принял решение выделить в бюджет Национального управления США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) дополнительно $1,6 млрд на освоение Луны и Марса. Об этом он объявил в понедельник на своей странице в сети Twitter.

"При моей администрации мы восстанавливаем превосходство NASA и мы возвращаемся на Луну, а потом [отправимся] на Марс. Я вношу поправки в бюджет, чтобы включить дополнительно $1,6 млрд для того, чтобы мы могли вернуться в космос по-крупному!" - заявил он.

"Это помощь, которая необходима NASA для того, чтобы продвигаться вперед и отправить еще одного мужчину и первую женщину на Луну. Спасибо президенту Трампу", - прокомментировал в свою очередь слова Трампа директор NASA Джим Брайденстайн.

Ранее администрация США приняла решение начать подготовку к полетам автоматических аппаратов и пилотируемых кораблей к Луне и использовать эту программу в качестве важного шага для организации путешествий в дальний космос, в первую очередь на Марс. Американские специалисты рассчитывают осуществить отправку астронавтов на Марс примерно в середине 2030-х годов.
https://ria.ru/20190514/1553462949.html
ЦитатаТрамп подтвердил планы США вернуться на Луну
01:07

ВАШИНГТОН, 14 мая - РИА Новости. Президент США Дональд Трамп добавил 1,6 миллиарда долларов к бюджетному запросу НАСА, подтвердив объявленные ранее планы по освоению Луны и Марса.

"При моей администрации мы восстанавливаем величие НАСА и возвращаемся на Луну, а затем -- на Марс. Я обновляю бюджет, включив туда дополнительные 1,6 миллиарда долларов, чтобы мы осуществили большое возвращение в космос!" - написал Трамп в Twitter.

Будут выделены эти средства или нет, предстоит решить конгрессу.

Бюджет НАСА на 2019 финансовый год составляет 21,5 миллиарда долларов.

tnt22

ЦитатаAdministrator Bridenstine on Budget Amendment Supporting Humans on Moon in 2024

NASA

Опубликовано: 13 мая 2019 г.

As you know, the President has given our agency the bold charge to land the first woman and the next man on the lunar South Pole by 2024. And now, President Trump has extended his vote of confidence in our work with an amended budget request for fiscal year 2020 that includes 1.6 billion dollars in additional funding.

This investment is a down payment on NASA's efforts and is required to achieve our bold objective. It's the boost NASA needs, allowing us to move forward with design, development and exploration.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Vgzz2_2-84https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Vgzz2_2-84 (2:02)

tnt22

https://spacenews.com/nasa-seeks-additional-1-6-billion-for-2024-moon-plan/
ЦитатаNASA seeks additional $1.6 billion for 2024 Moon plan
by Jeff Foust -- May 13, 2019


NASA announced May 13 it will request an additional $1.6 billion in fiscal year 2020 to support a 2024 human landing on the moon, with $1 billion of that going to lunar lander development. Credit: NASA

WASHINGTON -- The White House and NASA announced May 13 that they will seek an additional $1.6 billion in funding for the agency in fiscal year 2020, a "down payment" on efforts to achieve a human lunar landing by 2024.

In a tweet late in the day, President Trump announced the additional funding to support a return to the Moon and later missions to Mars. "I am updating my budget to include an additional $1.6 billion so that we can return to Space in a BIG WAY!" he wrote.
ЦитатаDonald J. Trump‏Подлинная учетная запись @realDonaldTrump 14:34 PDT - 13 мая 2019 г.

Under my Administration, we are restoring @NASA to greatness and we are going back to the Moon, then Mars. I am updating my budget to include an additional $1.6 billion so that we can return to Space in a BIG WAY!
NASA shortly thereafter published a summary of its budget amendment, which calls for nearly $1.9 billion in new funding for developing lunar landers and accelerating work on the Space Launch System and Orion. It would also go towards exploration technology development and additional science missions to the moon. That increase would be offset by cutting funding for the lunar Gateway by $321 million, reflecting the agency's plan for only a "minimal" Gateway needed to support a 2024 landing.

"This additional investment, I want to be clear, is a down payment on NASA's efforts to land humans on the moon by 2024," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a call with reporters announced on a little more than an hour's notice that evening. "This is a good amount that gets us out of the gate in a very strong fashion, and sets us up for success in the future."

Of that additional funding, $1 billion would go to lunar lander development, specifically an "integrated commercial lunar lander" whose development would be led by industry. Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA associate administrator for human exploration and operations, said on the call that approach would give companies more flexibility in making trades in the overall design of the lander, rather than separately contract individual components like the ascent and descent stages.

"If we're going to be there in 2024, we've got to spend roughly about a billion dollars in 2020 to get that activity moving forward," he said of lunar lander development. "There's long-lead items, there's hardware, there's pieces we need to move in place, and now's the time to go move."

Most of the rest-- $651 million -- would go to SLS and Orion "to make sure they stay on track," Gerstenmaier said. The request didn't specify how the additional funding would support those two programs, but Bridenstine emphasized in the call that the heavy-lift rocket and crewed spacecraft, along with its European-built service module, are together "an absolutely critical piece of the architecture."

In the call, Bridenstine and others emphasized that, other than the cut in proposed Gateway funding, no other NASA programs were reduced to support this funding increase. However, the $1.6 billion in additional funding is likely to be offset elsewhere in the overall federal budget, as part of a revised budget expected to be delivered to Congress by the White House's Office of Management and Budget by May 14. Bridenstine said he was unaware of what those offsets might be.

Bridenstine also said that the $1.6 billion in additional funding was in line with what the agency requested of the White House, despite reports that NASA sought much more money. "We told the White House, and we told OMB, how much money it would take in the year 2020 to get us out of the gate for a landing on the moon in 2024," he said. "They responded with what we requested, and we're very proud of that."

He declined to estimate how much more money NASA would need in 2021 through 2024 to enable that 2024 landing. "We expect in future years that it will be more than the current $1.6 billion for 2020. We all know that," he said. "We are working day in and day out to come up with what those numbers are for the future years." He said later that NASA is looking at "many various alternatives" for future years, with varying degrees of resources and corresponding cost and schedule risk.

While the overall OMB budget amendment hadn't yet been delivered to Congress, Bridenstine said he spent the day on the phone with members to brief them on the NASA proposal. "I think there's a lot of excitement on both sides of the aisle," he said of their reactions. "When we talk about what NASA is trying to achieve, I will tell you there's a lot of excitement."

Bridenstine also used the call to announce that this 2024 lunar landing mission will be named Artemis, after the sister of Apollo and the Greek goddess of the moon. "I think it is very beautiful that, 50 years after Apollo, the Artemis program will carry the next man and the first woman to the moon."

tnt22

ЦитатаTown Hall with Administrator Bridenstine on NASA Budget Amendment for Fiscal Year 2020

NASA Video

Опубликовано: 14 мая 2019 г.

NASA Headquarters hosted an agencywide town hall with Administrator Jim Bridenstine and senior agency leaders on Tuesday, May 14, at 12:30 p.m. EDT. The Administrator discussed NASA's Budget Amendment for Fiscal Year 2020 with the agency's workforce.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LPxhbekzzdEhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LPxhbekzzdE (52:06)