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ЦитатаNavy Looks to Extend Danger Zone at Pacific Missile Range on Kauai Posted by Doug Messier on July 5, 2013, at 2:49 pm in News Navy officials in Hawaii have begun preparations for the debut of a new small satellite launcher by requesting the expansion of a danger zone around the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) on Kauai, The Garden Island reports. ЦитатаIf approved, the danger zone fronting PMRF would roughly triple in size, encompass about 7 miles of coastline -- from Barking Sands to Kokole Point -- and extend between 2.96 and 4.19 nautical miles out to sea."Currently, PMRF's danger zone is situated near the north launch pads, but the modification is necessary to include planned launches from a southern pad as part of the University of Hawaii and NASA's Super Strypi project," states a release...."They're still constructing the launch pad right now," said [PMRF Public Affairs Officer Stefan] Alford, adding that the initial launch will likely happen early next year.Alford added that when a launch is scheduled at the southern end of PMRF, the northern end would remain open -- and vice versa -- so as not to restrict access to the entire coast.The rail-launched Super Strypi (a.k.a., Spaceborne Payload Assist Rocket Kauai or SPARK) is a project of the U.S. Air Force's Office of Operationally Responsive Space (ORS), University of Hawaii, Aerojet and Sandia National Laboratory.The rocket will be capable of launching small satellites and CubeSats into low Earth and sun synchronous orbits at a low cost. The objective is to place 250 kg. (551 lb.) payloads into a 400-km (249 mile) sun-synchronous orbit from Kauai."Over the years the launch vehicle concept has evolved, as has the U.S. Government's interest in developing low-cost launch systems for an emerging small satellite capability," ORS says on its website. "The Super Strypi Project, once successful, could support the future development of the U.S. aerospace work force as it provides space access to University programs, encourages entrepreneurship and industrial relations within the scientific community."SPARK can be configured to carry one or two small satellites as well as multiple CubeSats using the NASA Ames Payload Adapter and Deployer (PAD). The precise number of CubeSats depends upon their size and the number of small satellites carried on the mission.The rocket consists of three Aerojet solid stages, with LEO-46 engine on the first stage, LEO-7 motor on the second stage, and a LEO-1 engine on the third stage. It is based on the Strypi rocket developed by Sandia National Laboratory, which is one of the program's partners. The Hawaii Space Flight Laboratory (HSFL) at the University of Hawaii is the prime contractor on the program. Diagram of the SPARK launch vehicle. ORS is funding the development as part of its LEONIDAS program, which stands for Low Earth Orbiting Nanosatellite Integrated Defense Autonomous System. The goal of the program is to increase access to space for defense, NASA, and university payloads.The first two missions will include the following payloads:STU-1: First LEONIDAS Mission [/li]Objectives : Deployment of rideshare satellites in low-Earth orbit, flight test of SPARK launch vehicle and insertion accuracy, dynamic test of launch rail.Payload Mass : 50-60% mass capacity (~165 kg)Potential Payloads : CubeSat Payload Adapter and Small SatelliteSTU-2: Second LEONIDAS Mission [/li]Objectives : Full payload deployment test, deployment of HawaiiSat-1 and rideshare satellites in low-Earth orbit.Orbit : 550 km Sun-synchronous orbitPayload Mass : Full capacityPotential Payloads : CubeSat Payload Adapter, HawaiiSat-1, Small SatelliteThe rocket was set to make its debut this year. However, that flight appears to have slipped into 2014, according to the PMRF spokesman quoted by Garden Island.
ЦитатаIf approved, the danger zone fronting PMRF would roughly triple in size, encompass about 7 miles of coastline -- from Barking Sands to Kokole Point -- and extend between 2.96 and 4.19 nautical miles out to sea."Currently, PMRF's danger zone is situated near the north launch pads, but the modification is necessary to include planned launches from a southern pad as part of the University of Hawaii and NASA's Super Strypi project," states a release...."They're still constructing the launch pad right now," said [PMRF Public Affairs Officer Stefan] Alford, adding that the initial launch will likely happen early next year.Alford added that when a launch is scheduled at the southern end of PMRF, the northern end would remain open -- and vice versa -- so as not to restrict access to the entire coast.
ЦитатаArgus will be launched in April 2014 on the inaugural flight of the Super-Strypi rocket out of Hawaii!
ЦитатаRail launcher for Hawaii's first space launch completed October 29, 2013 | URL=http://www.hawaii.edu/news/author/uh-news-staff/]UH News staff[/URL] The rail launcher to be used in Hawaiʻi's first space launch is unveiled in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Attached to the rail launcher is a scale model of the Super Strypi rocket that will carry a satellite constructed by University of Hawaiʻi faculty and students. (Photo credit: Sandia National Laboratories) The 135-foot rail launcher to be used in Hawaiʻi's first space launch, known as ORS-4, was unveiled on October 28 at the National Technical Systems (NTS) facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico. NTS and Western Fabrication built the rail launcher. A full-sized model of the Super Strypi rocket that will be used in the Hawaiʻi launch was also unveiled.The mission manager for the launch is the Air Force's Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) Office. The open house event was hosted by ORS and project partners Sandia National Laboratories, the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) on Kauaʻi, Aerojet Rocketdyne Corp., and the University of Hawaiʻi's Hawaiʻi Space Flight Laboratory (HSFL). The launch is currently planned for spring 2014.The ORS-4 mission is sponsored by the ORS Office and is the first launch of the Super Strypi launch system. This mission will demonstrate a new, low-cost launch capability able to deliver 300 kilograms to low-earth orbit. This is the first orbital launch fr om the Pacific Missile Range Facility and will carry the University of Hawaiʻi's hyperspectral imager as the primary payload, along with 12 cubesats in an integrated payload stack. This demonstration will enable low-cost launch alternatives and range processes for the future.When the Super Strypi rocket takes flight from the U.S. Navy's PMRF on Kauaʻi, it will be carrying a satellite designed and built by University of Hawaiʻi faculty and students. UH will have also played a significant role in getting the satellite into space. With this mission, UH has become one of the only universities in the world to have both satellite fabrication capabilities and direct access to orbital space.Interim President David Lassner said, "The University of Hawaiʻi is pleased to support the state in becoming a low-cost gateway to space and to provide our students with real-world experience that will be invaluable as we train Hawaiʻi's aerospace workforce."HSFL is responsible for payload development, and project management of the rail launcher and launch pad. The University of Hawaiʻi's faculty and students are building the primary payload called HiakaSat. "Hiaka" means "to recite legends or fabulous stories" in Hawaiian. It is also an acronym for Hyperspectral Imaging, Aeronautical Kinematic Analysis. The 110-pound satellite is being designed to do a number of things including performing thermal hyperspectral imaging.HSFL was established in 2007 within the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology and the College of Engineering. As a multidisciplinary research and education center, HSFL brings together individuals from diverse areas and other UH campuses to work on the exploration and understanding of the space environment. Kauaʻi Community College will be the primary communications link for the satellite. Honolulu Community College is designing one of the satellite payloads and will operate a receiving station during the mission. Windward Community College and UH Hilo are also involved.Lassner said, "The Hawaiʻi Space Flight Laboratory has brought in more than $35 million in government funding for this project and is partnering with top tier aerospace companies for our state's first space launch. It is a great example of the critical role UH plays in the Hawaiʻi Innovation Initiative to build the research sector and to create exciting jobs for future generations."HSFL Director Luke Flynn says the university would like to be able to launch small satellites on a regular basis, which will attract companies that are looking for affordable ways to test space technology. HSFL is looking for partners willing to invest in this endeavor.The launch rail system will now be disassembled and moved to Kauaʻi, wh ere it will be reassembled for the 2014 launch.--A UH System news release Hawaiʻi Innovation Initiative (HI2) The University of Hawaiʻi is working in partnership with the private sector and government to build a thriving $1-billion research enterprise in Hawaiʻi that will develop a third major economic sector for the state, create thousands of high-quality living-wage jobs and address the challenges and opportunities that face our communities and the world to improve our quality of life. Visit the HI2 website for more information. Additional UH News coverage [/li]Space is the next frontier for UH (video)UH plays a vital role in Hawaiʻi's first space launch (news story)
ЦитатаORS-4 Launch from Hawaii Delayed Until January By Mike Gruss | Sep. 19, 2014 NATIONAL HARBOR, Maryland -- The first flight of an experimental low-cost launch system for small satellites and based in Hawaii has been delayed to early next year, an Aerojet Rocketdyne executive said Sept. 16.The launch of the Operationally Responsive Space (ORS)-4 mission aboard the rail-launched Super Strypi rocket, originally scheduled for October 2013, had been delayed to November 2014, and now has been pushed to January 2015, said Tyler Evans, vice president of Aerojet Rocketdyne's new Rocket Shop Defense Advanced Programs unit of Sacramento, California. Aerojet Rocketdyne is providing the rocket motors for the launch and is responsible for overall integration of the vehicle.The delay, requested by the U.S. Air Force's ORS Office, is due to what Evans described as "priorities at the launch site" at the U.S. Navy's Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai. The range is used for, among other activities, testing of U.S. missile defense systems.Air Force officials did not respond to a request for comment.In August, Aerojet Rocketdyne successfully conducted a third and final hot-fire test at Edwards Air Force Base in California of the first stage of the Super Strypi rocket. Previous tests were held in August 2012 and September 2013. The three-stage, solid-fueled rocket is being assembled in partnership with the University of Hawaii's Space Flight Laboratory and the U.S. Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratory of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The project is called the Low Earth Orbiting Nanosatellite Integrated Defense Autonomous System, or LEONIDAS. Project officials hope the new launcher, essentially a souped-up sounding rocket, will provide a low-cost launch option for small satellites, including cubesats, which are becoming increasingly popular with universities and government agencies. U.S. defense organizations including the Army, the Air Force and even the National Reconnaissance Office, which is known for building billion-dollar satellites that launch on heavy-lift rockets, have been investing in cubesats in recent years."With the proliferation of small-satellite constellations, nano satellites, we believe there are commercial applications here," Evans said during a Sept. 16 press conference.The primary satellite on the inaugural Super Strypi launch will gather imagery and monitor the environment during its planned one-year mission. The ORS-4 launch also will carry as many as 15 cubesats flying as secondary payloads, officials have said.The spin-stabilized, rail-launched Super Strypi launcher is capable of placing as much as 300 kilograms of payload into low Earth orbit. Based on designs developed by Sandia as part of nuclear testing programs dating back to the 1960s, the Super Strypi is ultimately expected to cost about $16 million per mission, officials have said. Evans said that number could be as low as $12 million per mission.The Super Strypi will be the largest rocket launched from a rail, Aerojet Rocketdyne officials said.LEONIDAS is one of the flagship programs for Aerojet Rocketdyne's new Rocket Shop Defense Advanced Programs business unit, which encompasses many of the company's technology programs and was formally announced Sept. 16. Officials described the unit as the "innovation arm" of Aerojet Rocketdyne, one which will focus on hypersonics, advanced solid and liquid propellants, and low-cost launch programs, Evans said. The unit also hopes to take advantage of additive manufacturing technology and other state-of-the-art processes, Evans said.
Цитатаedkyle99 пишет:ЦитатаJH пишет:Mid-2016, according to the FY 2016 budget request. Apparently there are issues with the first stage motor.http://www.saffm.hq.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-150130-013.pdfLook under FY 2015 plans on page 226.Where it says:"ORS-4 launch date was originally scheduled for Jan 2015, but first stage motor complications have caused a delay. The restoration of the first stage motor is expected to delay the launch until mid-2016."This is the Aerojet Rocketdyne LEO-46 motor that was reported to have been test fired in August, 2014, with build up of the first flight motor commencing then. LEO-46 is supposed to be based on the long-ago-developed GEM-46 that boosted Delta 3 and Delta 2H. I've no idea what "restoration" means in this context.Note also that FY15 funding doubled over FY14 for that ORS Tier 3 category. - Ed Kyle
ЦитатаJH пишет:Mid-2016, according to the FY 2016 budget request. Apparently there are issues with the first stage motor.http://www.saffm.hq.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-150130-013.pdfLook under FY 2015 plans on page 226.
ЦитатаORS Director: "We're Not Here To Build Neat Toys" by Mike Gruss -- March 10, 2015 "We've made demonstrable steps for commitment and we are in the process of taking more," said Air Force Col. John Anttonen, the head of the office. "People say it's a lot of talk -- I think there's been good evidence it isn't." Credit: U.S. Air Force An interview with Col. John S.R. Anttonen, director of the U.S. Air Force's Operationally Responsive Space Office...The ORS-4 launch, which is the debut of an old-school rail-launch system in Hawaii, has been delayed several times. What's the latest? Our launch date is now in the fall of '15. We had a couple of issues. We had some range issues, just accessibility to the range, but we had issues on our first-stage motor. It was a design flaw. We came to the conclusion that yes, we could go fly with this system at a slightly elevated risk. The important part there was to get with our mission partners -- the satellites we're flying -- and get them to agree that they're willing to go ahead and take that additional risk. So they accepted that. For us, the mission is to get the data on the flight. We feel we can do that on this mission all the way up through the first stage. We're pretty confident we'll be able to demonstrate what we're looking for.What, specifically, are you hoping to learn? What we're looking for on this mission is how do we speed up the range operations. Typically a launch campaign like ORS-3, for example, can run 90 days. ORS-4 is going to do it in 21. We're really trying to compress the time it takes to go from the hangar to the pad to space.Rail launch system with a scale-model of the Super Strypi rocket attached. Credit: Sandia National Laboratories People aren't exactly lining up to use the rail-launched Super Strypi rocket. How do you apply this concept more broadly? In commercial operations the bottom line is what counts. Reducing the time on the range, simplifying the rocket, simplifying the electronics, like the range safety electronics, makes it much more attractive for commercialization. And we have had a lot of commercial interest in it. We're working with Sandia, the original designer, to commercialize and transition it. They have a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement out on how they plan to commercialize it. All of these newspace companies are interested in these concepts because when they talk about resupplying their constellations they need a system like this. Simple. Very reliable. Low cost.
ЦитатаSalo пишет: Пуск ожидается в октябре.